List of floods in Europe

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This is a list of notable recorded floods that have occurred in Europe.

Year Details Countries Fatalities Causes
120 BCE Cymbrian flood Denmark, Norway probably many thousands Storm tide
589 Breach at Cucca Italy
1170 All Saints' Flood (1170) Netherlands probably many thousands Storm surge
1287 South England flood of February 1287 England probably many thousands Storm surge
1287 St. Lucia's flood Netherlands, Northern Germany, England 50,000–80,000 Storm surge
1304 All Saints' Flood (1304) Germany 271 Storm surge
1342 St. Mary Magdalene's flood Germany, Austria, Italy 6,000 heavy rain
1362 (1st) Grote Mandrenke England, the Netherlands, northern Germany, and Schleswig >25,000 Storm surge
1404 St. Elizabeth's flood (1404) Netherlands Storm surge
1421 St. Elizabeth's flood (1421) Netherlands 2,000–10,000 Storm surge
1436 All Saints Day Flood of 1436 Germany >180 Storm surge
1530 St. Felix's Flood Netherlands many thousands Storm surge
1570 All Saints' Flood (1570) Netherlands >20,000 Storm surge
1609 Bristol Channel floods, 1607 England 3,000 disputed - possible tsunami
1634 Burchardi Flood Germany 8,000–15,000 Storm surge
1651 St. Peter's Flood Netherlands, Northern Germany 15,000 Storm surge
1703 Great Storm of 1703 United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany 8,000–15,000 Storm surge
1717 Christmas flood of 1717 Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Norway 14,000 Storm surge
1738 Holmfirth Floods#1738 England 0 Heavy rain
1777 Holmfirth Floods#1777 England 3 Heavy rain
1789 Storofsen[1] Norway, Denmark 63 heavy rains and snowmelting
1821 Holmfirth Floods#1821 England 0 Heavy rain
1825 February flood of 1825 Germany, Netherlands 800 Storm surge
1829 Muckle Spate (1829) Scotland Heavy rain
1852 Holmfirth Floods#1852 England 81 Heavy rain
1859 Grenoble flood 1859 France Rain + meltwater
1864 Great Sheffield Flood United Kingdom 270 failure of the Dale Dike Reservoir
1865 1865 flooding of Bucharest Romania Unknown Heavy rain
1872 1872 Baltic Sea flood Denmark, Germany, Norway 271 Storm surge
1878 Flood in Miskolc, 1878 Hungary 400 Heavy rain
1879 Segura flood Spain ? ?
1892 Mont Blanc glacier flood France 175 subterranean glacial lake burst
1910 1910 Great Flood of Paris France 0 heavy rain and meltwater
1928 1928 Thames flood England 14 meltwater + heavy rain + storm surge
1934 1934 flood in Poland Poland 55 heavy rain
1944 Holmfirth Floods#1944 England 3 Heavy rain
1947 1947 Thames flood England, Spain, Germany, Poland, Czech Republic[2] meltwater + heavy rain
1952 Lynmouth Flood United Kingdom 34 heavy rain
1953 North Sea Flood of 1953 Netherlands, United Kingdom 2,000 Storm surge
1957 1957 Valencia flood Spain 81 heavy rains and Turia flood
1959 Malpasset Dam France 423 Dam failure
1962 North Sea flood of 1962 Netherlands, United Kingdom and Germany 318 Storm surge
1962 Catalonia floods Catalonia 700 Heavy rain
1963 Vajont disaster Italy 1,917 a landslide caused a seiche wave and a megatsunami
1963 Guadalquivir flood in Cordoba and Sevilla Spain ?
1965 Danube floods in 1965 Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia 10 heavy rains, Alps snowmelting and dike failure at Číčov
1966 1966 Flood of the Arno River Italy 35 heavy rains and snowmelting
1968 Great Flood of 1968 United Kingdom, France 0 heavy rains and thunderstorms
1970 1970 floods in Romania Romania 209 heavy rains and snowmelting
1976 Gale of January 1976 Ireland, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Germany 82 Storm surge
1978 1978 North Sea storm surge England 0 Storm surge
1981 December 1981 windstorm England, Wales, France Storm surge + meldwater
1985 Val di Stava disaster Italy 286 the reservoir breached its dam.
1987 Valtellina disaster Italy 53 heavy rain
1994 Piedmont flood Italy 70 heavy rain for three days lead to extreme discharge of tributaries of Po river
1997 1997 Central European flood Czech Republic, Poland 115 extensive rain periods
1998 Jarovnice flood Slovakia 63 heavy rainfall plus collapse of dam formed by debris
1999 1999 Pentecost flood Austria, Germany heavy rainfall plus Alpine meltwater
1999 1999 Blayais Nuclear Power Plant flood France 0 Storm tide
2000 Autumn 2000 western Europe floods United Kingdom, Italy, France, Switzerland, Spain, Netherlands, Ireland, Denmark, Norway, Slovenia 20 heavy rains
2002 2002 European floods Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Croatia 0 heavy rains
2002 2002 Glasgow floods United Kingdom 0 heavy rains
2004 Boscastle flood of 2004 United Kingdom 0 heavy rains
2005 2005 European floods Romania, Switzerland, Austria and Germany Record rain
2006 2006 European floods Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Germany, Czech Republic, Hungary 0 poorly constructed dikes and levees and an unusual long and hard winter
2007 North Sea flood of 2007 Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Norway and United Kingdom 0 storm tide
2007 2007 United Kingdom floods United Kingdom 13 heavy rain
2008 2008 Irish flash floods Ireland 1 Heavy rain
2008 2008 Morpeth floods United Kingdom 0 heavy rain
2009 2009 Great Britain and Ireland floods United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland 4 heavy rains
2009 2009 European floods Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Turkey 33 heavy rains
2009 2009 Workington floods United Kingdom 1 heavy rain
2009 2009 Messina floods and mudslides Italy 31 Heavy rain
2009 2009 Turkish flash floods Turkey 31 Heavy rain
2010 2010 Central European floods Poland, Hungary 37 Heavy rain
2010 2010 Slovenia floods Slovenia 3 Heavy rain
2010 2010 Var floods France 25 Heavy rain
2010 2010 Albania floods Albania Heavy rain
2011 2011 European floods Ireland, Italy, France 17 Heavy rain
2011 Cyclone Berit England 0 Storm surge
2012 2012 Russian floods Russia 172 Heavy rain
2012 2012 Great Britain and Ireland floods United Kingdom, Ireland 9 Heavy rain
2012 2012 Romanian floods Romania 5 Heavy rain
2013 2013 European floods Germany, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, Slovakia, Belarus, Poland, Hungary 25 Heavy rain
2014 2014 Southeast Europe floods Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Romania 86 Heavy rain
2014 2014 Bulgarian floods Bulgaria 16 Heavy rain
2016 2016 European floods Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Moldova, Romania 20 Heavy rain
2016 2016 Macedonian floods Republic of Macedonia 21 Heavy rain
2017 2017 West Attica floods Greece 24 Heavy rain
2018 2018 European floods Spain, France, Italy at least 31 Heavy rain

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