List of flora and fauna named after the Muisca

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Saguamanchica was zipa of Bacatá between 1470 and 1490
Bachué was the mother goddess of the Muisca
Sumapaz Páramo, to the south of Muisca territories, is the largest páramo in the world
Landscape around Chocontá
The village of Guasca is close to Chingaza National Park
In Boyacá, northern part of the Muisca Confederation, many species have been found and named

The Muisca were a people living in the central highlands of Colombia; the Altiplano Cundiboyacense and neighbouring valleys. The variation of climates and ecozones within their territories made the Muisca excellent farmers. Over time, various species of flora and fauna have been discovered in Colombia. This list contains the living genera and species and fossils named after the Muisca, their religion or their settlements.

Three other Muisca etymologies are recognised; Thomagata Patera, named after mythological cacique Thomagata, and Bochica Patera are volcanoes on Io and BD Bacatá is the highest skyscraper of Colombia.[1][2][3]

List of flora and fauna named after the Muisca[edit]

Name Gen/sp/fossil Type Named after Topic Image Notes
Muisca genus beetle Muisca people [4]
Muisca bitaeniata species beetle Muisca people
1844 - Spinola - Muisca bitaeniata.jpg
Muisca cylindricollis species beetle Muisca people [6]
Alabagrus muisca species wasp Muisca people [7]
Atelopus muisca species toad Muisca people [8]
Brachygasterina muisca species fly Muisca people [9]
Neocorynura muiscae species bee Muisca people [10]
Muiscasaurus catheti fossil (K) ichthyosaur Muisca people [11]
Euryomma muisca species fly Muisca people [12][13]
Berberis muiscarum species shrub Muisca people [14]
Leporinus muyscorum species fish Muisca people [15]
Passalus quyefutynsuca species beetle quye; "tree"
futynsuca; "rotten
Muysccubun [16]
Chusquea genus bamboo chusky: "ordinary reed of the Earth" Muysccubun [17][18]
Cibyra saguanmachica species moth Saguamanchica rulers [19]
Adryas bochica species bee Bochica religion [20]
Protandrena bachue species bee Bachué religion [21][22]
Huitaca genus harvestmen Huitaca religion [23]
Huitaca bitaco species harvestmen Huitaca religion [23]
Huitaca boyacaensis species harvestmen Huitaca
Huitaca caldas species harvestmen Huitaca religion [23]
Huitaca depressa species harvestmen Huitaca religion [23]
Huitaca sharkeyi species harvestmen Huitaca religion [23]
Huitaca tama species harvestmen Huitaca religion [23]
Huitaca ventralis species harvestmen Huitaca religion [23]
Gyalideopsis chicaque species lichen Chicaque nature [24]
Araneus chingaza species spider Chingaza nature [25]
Ischnura chingaza species dragonfly Chingaza nature [26]
Polylobus chingaza species beetle Chingaza nature [27]
Masdevallia sumapazensis species orchid Sumapaz Páramo nature [28]
Rhizosomichthys totae species catfish Lake Tota lakes [29]
Pristimantis susaguae species frog Susaguá River rivers [30][31]
Etayoa bacatensis fossil (Eo) ungulate Bacatá settlements [32]
Pegoscapus bacataensis species wasp Bacatá settlements [33]
Pedioceras caquesense
syn. Ammonites ubaquensis
fossil (K) ammonite Cáqueza
settlements [34]
Hamiticeras chipatai fossil (K) ammonite Chipatá settlements [35]
Choconta genus froghopper Chocontá settlements [36][37]
Choconta circulata species froghopper Chocontá settlements
Choconta circulata.jpg
Choconta comitata species froghopper Chocontá settlements [36]
Choconta elliptica species froghopper Chocontá settlements [36]
Choconta juno species froghopper Chocontá settlements [36]
Choconta peruana species froghopper Chocontá settlements [36]
Protexamites cucaitaense fossil (K) flora Cucaita settlements [38]
Dendropsophus garagoensis species frog Garagoa settlements [39]
Anapis guasca species spider Guasca settlements [40]
Dognina guasca species moth Guasca settlements [41]
Deinopis guasca species spider Guasca settlements [42]
Platypterygius sachicarum fossil (K) ichthyosaur Sáchica settlements [43]
Zephyranthes susatana species fern Susatá settlements [44]
Bacumorphomonocolpites tausae fossil (K-Pg) pollen Tausa settlements [38]
Spinozonocolpites tausae fossil (K-Pg) pollen Tausa settlements [38]
Pseudoosterella ubalaensis fossil (K) ammonite Ubalá settlements [45][46]
Leptoceras ublanese fossil (K) ammonite Ubalá settlements [45]
Geonomites zipaquirensis fossil (K-Pg) flora Zipaquirá settlements [38]
Kronosaurus boyacensis fossil (K) pliosaur Boyacá departments
Kronosaurus boyacensis fossil.jpg
Subsaynella boyacaensis fossil (K) ammonite Boyacá departments [48]
Archaeopaliurus boyacensis fossil (K-Pg) rose Boyacá departments [49]
Cyclotrypa boyaca fossil (D) bryozoa Boyacá departments [50]
Leptaena boyaca fossil (D) lamp shell Boyacá departments [51]
Hirtudiscus boyacensis species snail Boyacá departments [52]
Meteorus boyacensis species wasp Boyacá departments [53]
Isoetes boyacensis species quillwort Boyacá departments [54]
Agrostis boyacensis species grass Boyacá departments [55]
Lepanthes boyacensis species orchid Boyacá departments [56]
Senecio boyacensis species ragwort Boyacá departments [57]
Ageratina boyacensis species snakeroot Boyacá departments [58]
Aphelandra boyacensis species shrub Boyacá departments [59]
Festuca boyacensis species grass Boyacá departments [60]
Calamagrostis boyacensis species grass Boyacá departments [61]
Quercus boyacensis species oak Boyacá departments [62]
Puya boyacana species bromeliad Boyacá departments [63]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Thomagata Patera - USGS
  2. ^ Bochica Patera - USGS
  3. ^ BD Bacatá at
  4. ^ "Muisca in the family of Clerinae or (disputed) Enopliinae". Archived from the original on 2016-01-27. Retrieved 2016-07-31.
  5. ^ Muisca bitaeniata accepted species - GBIF Secretariat: GBIF Backbone Taxonomy - 2013-07-01
  6. ^ Muisca cylindricollis accepted species - GBIF Secretariat: GBIF Backbone Taxonomy
  7. ^ Data related to Alabagrus at Wikispecies
  8. ^ Data related to Atelopus muisca at Wikispecies
  9. ^ Pérez, Sandra; Marta Wolff, and Claudio J.B. De Carvalho. 2012. A new species of Brachygasterina Macquart from Colombia, and description of the males of B. stuebeli Röder and B. muisca Soares & Carvalho (Diptera: Muscidae) - Abstract. Zootaxa 3554. 45–57. Accessed 2016-07-08.
  10. ^ Neocorynura muiscae nesting structures - GBIF
  11. ^ Muiscasaurus catheti - Paleobiology Database
  12. ^ Data related to Euryomma (Stein) at Wikispecies
  13. ^ Grisales, Diana; Melise C. Lecheta; Fernando H. Aballay, and Claudio J.B. De Carvalho. 2016. A key and checklist to the Neotropical forensically important "Little House Flies" (Diptera: Fanniidae). Zoologia 33. 1–16. Accessed 2017-01-18.
  14. ^ Berberis muiscarum[permanent dead link] - GBIF
  15. ^ Villa Navarro, F., Mesa Salazar, L., Sánchez Duarte, P. & Usma, S. (2014). "Leporinus muyscorum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2017-03-11.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Jiménez Ferbans, Larry; Pedro Reyes Castillo, and Germán Amat García. 2014. Tres especies colombianas nuevas de Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) - Three new Colombian species of Passalidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85. 31–37.
  17. ^ Data related to Chusquea at Wikispecies
  18. ^ (in Spanish) chusquy - Muysccubun Dictionary online
  19. ^ Nielsen, Ebbe S.; Gaden S. Robinson, and David L. Wagner. 2000. Ghost-moths of the world: a global inventory and bibliography of the Exoporia (Mnesarchaeoidea and Hepialoidea) (Lepidoptera ). Journal of Natural History 34. 823–878. Accessed 2016-07-08.
  20. ^ Data related to Adryas at Wikispecies
  21. ^ Data related to Protandrena (Andinopanurgus) at Wikispecies
  22. ^ González, Victor H., and Michael S. Engel. 2011. Andinopanurgus, a new Andean subgenus of Protandrena (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Zookeys 126. 57–76. Accessed 2016-07-08.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h Data related to Huitaca at Wikispecies
  24. ^ Chicaque reina en la niebla - El Tiempo
  25. ^ Data related to Araneus chingaza at Wikispecies
  26. ^ (in Spanish) Diversidad de Libélulas en humedales urbanos
  27. ^ Data related to Polylobus at Wikispecies
  28. ^ Data related to Masdevallia at Wikispecies
  29. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Rhizosomichthys totae" in FishBase. February 2012 version.
  30. ^ Pristimantis susaguae - IUCN Red List
  31. ^ (in Spanish) Estudio de la cuenca hidrográfica del río Susaguá
  32. ^ (in Spanish) 2012 - Etayoa bacatensis, un mamífero de hace 55 millones - Paleontología en Colombia
  33. ^ Data related to Pegoscapus bacataensis at Wikispecies
  34. ^ Pedioceras caquesense - FossilWorks
  35. ^ Hamiticeras chipatai - FossilWorks
  36. ^ a b c d e f Data related to Choconta at Wikispecies
  37. ^ a b Choconta circulata - Hemiptera Database
  38. ^ a b c d Huertas G., Gustavo. 1960. De la flora fosíl de la Sabana. Boletín de Geología, Universidad Nacional de Colombia 5. 53–57.
  39. ^ Dendropsophus garagoensis
  40. ^ Data related to Anapis at Wikispecies
  41. ^ Data related to Dognina at Wikispecies
  42. ^ Data related to Deinopis at Wikispecies
  43. ^ Platypterygius sachicarum - Fossilworks
  44. ^ Fernández-Alonso, José Luis, and Jeroen P. Groenendijk. 2004. A new species of Zephyranthes herb. S.L. (Amaryllidaceae, Hippeastreae) with notes on the genus in Colombia. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cie. 28. 177–186. Accessed 2016-07-08.
  45. ^ a b Pseudoosterella ubalaensis, Leptoceras ublanese - FossilWorks
  46. ^ Pseudoosterella ubalaensis - FossilWorks
  47. ^ Kronosaurus boyacensis - Paleobiology Database
  48. ^ Subsaynella boyacaensis - Paleobiology Database
  49. ^ Archaeopaliurus boyacensis at
  50. ^ Floresta Fauna at
  51. ^ Leptaena boyaca at
  52. ^ Data related to Hirtudiscus boyacensis at Wikispecies
  53. ^ Data related to Meteorus boyacensis at Wikispecies
  54. ^ Data related to Isoetes at Wikispecies
  55. ^ Data related to Agrostis at Wikispecies
  56. ^ Data related to Lepanthes at Wikispecies
  57. ^ Data related to Senecio at Wikispecies
  58. ^ Data related to Ageratina at Wikispecies
  59. ^ Data related to Aphelandra at Wikispecies
  60. ^ Data related to Festuca at Wikispecies
  61. ^ Data related to Calamagrostis at Wikispecies
  62. ^ Data related to Quercus at Wikispecies
  63. ^ Data related to Puya at Wikispecies