Competitive football started in Scotland with the Scottish Cup, the second oldest football competition in the world, which was first held in the 1873–74 season. League football followed when the Scottish Football League was founded in 1890, with Dumbarton and Rangers sharing the first title. The Scottish Football League remained the highest division of the Scottish football league system until 1998, when the Scottish Premier League was founded. The Scottish Football League also added a second major cup competition in 1946, when it founded the League Cup, invititation to which is restricted to the 42 members of the league. Rangers have won a record number of league championships and League Cups, while Celtic have won a record number of Scottish Cups.
European competition started in 1955 with the European Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, which was succeeded by the UEFA Cup for the 1971–72 season. The Cup Winners' Cup followed in 1960 but was discontinued in 1999. Three Scottish teams have lifted at least one European trophy. Celtic won the European Cup in 1967, Rangers won the Cup Winners' Cup in 1972 and Aberdeen won the Cup Winners' Cup and Super Cup in 1984. Intercontinental competition started in 1960 with the Intercontinental Cup, which consisted of a two-legged tie between the European Cup and the South American Copa Libertadores winners from 1960 to 1979. To date, Celtic are the only Scottish club to participate in an intercontinental competition, losing the 1967 Intercontinental Cup to Racing Club.