List of foreign recipients of the Légion d'Honneur

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The Order of Légion d'Honneur is the highest decoration in France and is divided into five degrees: Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand Croix (Grand Cross).

Technically, membership in the Légion d'Honneur is restricted to French nationals.[1] Foreign nationals who have served France or the ideals it upholds[2] may, however, receive a distinction of the Légion, which is nearly the same thing as membership in the Légion. Foreign nationals who live in France are submitted to the same requirements as Frenchmen. Foreign nationals who live abroad may be awarded a distinction of any rank or dignity in the Légion.

A complete, chronological list of the members of the Legion of Honour nominated from the very first ceremony in 1803 to now does not exist. The number is estimated at one million. Among them about 3 000 were decorated with the Grand Cross (including 1 200 French).[3]

Algeria[edit]

'Abd al-Qādir al-Jazā'irī wearing the sash of the Légion d'honneur in 1860

Algeria was part of the French territory from 1830 to 1962.[4]

Grand Cross
  1. Abdelkader El Djezairi (1860), Algerian religious and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century. In 1860, Abdelkader, who was living in exile in Syria, fought to save thousands of Christians in Damascus during the conflict between the Druze and Maronites. The French government then bestowed on him the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur.[5]
  2. Si El Hadj Djelloul Ben Lakhdar (1928), bachagha of Larbaâ de Laghouat[6]
  3. Si Moulay Ould Si Mohamed Ben Miloud (1929), bachagha of Ameurs
  4. Si Bouaziz Ben M'Hamed Ben Gana (1930), cheik el Arab, bachagha of Zibans[7]
  5. Ou Rabah Abderrahmane Ben Mahmoud (1930), caid[8]
  6. Ben Mohamed Si Sahraoui (1930), bachagha of Trézel in Algeria[9]
  7. Bensael Mohammed Ben Abdallah (1937), caid in Constantine[citation needed]
  8. Si Kaddour Benghabrit (1939), official and founder of the Muslim Institute of the Great Mosque of Paris.[10]
  9. Benabdelkrim Ahmed Ben Abdelkader (1939), bachagha of Douar Sidi-Aïssa[citation needed]
  10. Lakhdar Ben Mohamed Brahimi (1945), bachagha in Bir-Rabalou[11]
  11. Ferhat Belkacem Ben Djelloul (1945), bachagha in Teniet-El-Llaad[citation needed]
  12. Tekouk Abdelkader (1945), bachagha of Zaouta of Bouguirat.[citation needed]
  13. Benaffane Khelifa Ould Larbi (1945), bachagha of La Mekerra.[citation needed]
  14. Masrali Abdelaziz Ben Si Smail Ben Masrali Ali (1945), bachagha of Mesaaba.[citation needed]
  15. Ferrhat Dehilis Ben Djelloul (1945), bachagha of Larbaa[citation needed]
  16. Mahledine Belgacem (1947), bachagha[citation needed]
  17. Mohamed Mustapha Benbadis (1947), bachagha[12]
  18. Mohammed Benelmouaz (1949), bachagha[13]
  19. Benaly Cherif Mohamed Ben Mohamed (1949), cherif of Douars Chellata Ighram and Bouhamza.[citation needed]
  20. Salah Tahar (1949), bachagha of Beni Rached[citation needed]
  21. Benabib Abdelaziz (1951), bachagha of Douar Tala-Ifacen[citation needed]
  22. Bendali Slimane Ben Smaîne (1954), bachagha[citation needed]
  23. Lahrech Si Ahmed Ben Si Mohamed (1955), bachagha[citation needed]
Grand Officer
Commander

Australia[edit]

Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston. Wearing the medal of Commandeur de la Légion d'honneur and other orders in 2009.
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

Austria[edit]

Chevalier

Azerbaijan[edit]

  • Eldar Garibov, Chairman of the Supervisory Board at Unibank Commercial Bank OJSC, received his Légion d'Honneur on April 10, 2015 in recognition of his services in contributing to the development of Azerbaijani-French relationships.[49]

Bangladesh[edit]

French Ambassador to Bangladesh Michel Lummaux conferred the most distinguished order Chevalier de la Legion of d'Honneur (Knight of the Legion of honour) on Nizam at a ceremony in Chittagong on 24 July.

French President Jacques Chirac announced Nizam's name for the award on 4 June.[51]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Brazil[edit]

José Paranhos, Viscount of Rio Branco. Wearing the sash of the Légion d'honneur and other orders in 1875.

Canada[edit]

  • F. Roy Armstrong, WWII veteran who served with The Royal Regina Rifles on D-Day Juno Beach operations, was awarded the Chevalier medal in August 2014 for his participation in the liberation of France. He also served in the liberation of the Netherlands.[60]
  • William Wilfred Baird, RCAF serving during WWII in England, Normandy (France), Belgium, The Netherlands and Germany was awarded the Chevalier (Knight) French Legion of Honour Medal on September 8, 2014.[citation needed]
  • James Bennet, World War Two, 1st Batallion of the Black Watch Royal Highland Regiment. Presented May 8, 2015.[61]
  • Joe Bill, WWII veteran who served in Normandy was awarded the Chevalier status in August 2014 for his participation in the liberation of France.[citation needed]
  • William Avery "Billy" Bishop VC (1918), Air Marshal and highest scoring Canadian ace of the First World War; appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur[62][63]
  • Arthur Bridge, a member of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada, was made a Chevalier in 2015 for his role in the liberation of France in 1944. He took part in the Battle of Normandy, including at Hill 195 Operation Totalize and St. Lambert sur Dives Saint-Lambert, Calvados in the Falaise Gap Falaise pocket and the Battle of Igoville on the Seine http://www.canadaatwar.ca/content-88/world-war-ii/igoville/.
  • Len Butson, World War Two veteran, Wireless Air Gunner, Royal Canadian Air Force, Presented January 24, 2015 in recognition of his courage and dedication to the ideals of liberty and peace.[citation needed]
  • Jean Charest (2008), Quebec premier, was invested as a Commandeur of L'Ordre de la Légion d'honneur de France[64]
  • Moh Chelali (2003), bystander who helped prevent the assassination of Jacques Chirac.[citation needed]
  • David Cronenberg (2009), film director whose credits include Crash and The Fly; appointed Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres[65]
  • Barney Danson, a World War II veteran and former Minister of Defence was named a Chevalier in 2007.[66]
  • Jan de Vries, a Canadian paratrooper from the Second World War and veteran's advocate was named a Chevalier in 2004.[67]
  • Harry De Wolf, Vice Admiral and Chief of the Naval Staff and former commanding officer of HMCS Haida[68]
  • Céline Dion international celebrity, Canadian singer, appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur[69]
  • Stanley Fields (Corporal retired RCE) of Ottawa is a WW II Royal Canadian Engineer veteran who landed at Bernieres Sur-Mer on D-Day with 5th Field Company RCE, and was a participant in the Battle of the Liberation of France.[70]
  • Gerrard “Gerry” Gaudet (Corporal retired RCE), resident of Whalley, BC, a WW II Royal Canadian Engineer veteran and a participant in the Battle of the Liberation of France. He landed at Bernieres Sur-Mer on D-Day morning with 20th Field Company RCE. The sappers cleared beach obstacles and repaired roads for the advance to Carpiquet airfield. Gaudet rejoined 23rd Field Company and served in France, Holland and Germany.[71]
  • Wilfred Charles Haden, WWII veteran who served with the Toronto Scottish Regiment was awarded Chevalier status August 2014 for his participation in the liberation of France.
  • Marlene Harnois, médaillée olympique JO Londres, décorée Chevalier par le Président de la République française, François Hollande, le 1er mars 2013.
  • Russell Hubley, Distinguished Flying Cross recipient and D-Day veteran; appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur[72][73]
  • Camillien Houde (1935), Canadian politician and Mayor of Montreal, appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur[citation needed]
  • Earl Ingram, RCAF in WWII, named a Knight of the National Order of the Legion of Honour in April 2015 for his participation in the Liberation of France. Serving in France (Normandy) and the Netherlands.[74]
  • Howard Leyton-Brown, World War Two, RAF Pilot for Bomber Command. Presented May 8, 2015.[61]
  • G. Carleton Jones, Surgeon-General D.M.S, 20 August 1916, Prise d'Armes at No. 8 Canadian General Hospital, Saint Cloud, FR.[75]
  • Helen (Greer) Kerr, served as a Nursing Sister in the Canadian Army in France and England in WWII and was awarded the Chevalier medal November 5, 2014 in Toronto for her participation in the liberation of France.[76]
  • Norman Harold Kirby, MM, North Shore Regiment, D Day Veteran. Fought from Normandy, the liberation of Holland, was one of the first Allied soldiers across the Rhein. Created Chevalier in December 2014 in recognition of his services to France.[citation needed]
  • E. A. Le Bel, Lieut Col. (O.C.) 8 April 1917, No.8 Canadian General Hospital, Saint Cloud, FR.[77]
  • Gil Leclerc (Sapper retired, RCE), a member of 5th Field Company landed at Bernières-sur-Mer on DDay+1 with several pieces of engineering equipment needed to support the advance. His main job during those first days on the beach was to disarm mines and subsequently he participated in the assault that liberated the airport at Caen. At the age of 90, Mr Leclair is one of the last living Quebec veterans to have taken part in the liberation of France and Europe.[78]
  • Madeleine Meilleur, an Ontarian MPP and Minister Responsible for Francophone Affairs.[citation needed]
  • John R Milani (Major, RCA retired), who served with the 13 Field Regiment, was awarded the Chevalier status for his participation in the liberation of France. He was presented with the medal by the French ambassador on 4 May 2015. He was earlier (August 1944) decorated by the Provisional Government of France with the Croix de Guerre.[79]
  • John Mitges, MMM, CD (Chief Warrant Officer, RCE Ret’d), of South Surrey, BC, a WW II Royal Canadian Engineer veteran and a participant in the Battle of the Liberation of France. Mitges was in 18 Field Company, RCE that landed with the Nova Scotia Highlanders at Bernieres sur Mer before noon on 6 June. Mitges served in France, Holland and Germany. He later trained as a glider pilot and parachutist, served two tours during the Korean War and retired from the Canadian Army in 1976.[80]
  • Leonard W. Murray (1945), Rear Admiral and Commander in Chief of Canadian Northwest Atlantic, architect of the Battle of the Atlantic; appointed Commandeur with Military Cross and Palm de la Légion d'Honneur[81]
  • Percy W. Nelles (1946), Admiral and Chief of the Naval Staff during the Second World War; appointed Commandeur[82]
  • Robert Ness, WWII veteran who served with the North Shore Regiment was awarded the Chevalier status August 2014 for his participation in the liberation of France. He later took part in the liberation of Holland,where he lost his brother.[citation needed]
  • Bill Nicoll (Sapper) 20th Field Company, Royal Canadian Engineers, landed on D+10. He supported actions in Caen, bridging the Seine, the rescue of airborne troops near Arnheim, bomb disposal tasks including destroying V-1 launch sites.[83]
  • Wilder Penfield, a Canadian neurosurgeon.[84]
  • Desmond Piers, Rear Admiral and former commanding officer of HMCS Algonquin; appointed Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur[85]
  • Frank Herbert Dedrick Pickersgill, Captain, 2 Intelligence Company, Canadian Intelligence Corps, posthumously awarded in a ceremony on 12 December 1950 at the French Embassy in Ottawa, Ontario. [86]
  • Wallace Pike (1899–1999), Canadian WWI veteran of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment. Awarded in 1998, by French Ambassador Denis Bauchard.[citation needed]
  • Donald Andrew Potvin, Tank Driver, GGFG, 4th Canadian Armored Division, 4th Armored Brigade, 21st Canadian Armored Regiment, received the Chevalier Medal of Honour in December 2014 for his participation in the Liberation of France. Serving in England, France (D-Day), Belgium and the Netherlands.
  • Kenneth Pratt (Sapper retired RCE) of Smithers British Columbia, 7th Field Company RCE, WW II Veteran, landed in France twice. His company was ordered to Dieppe (Aug 42) and Pratt was one of 3 of 60 men who returned to England after the raid. The remainder either killed, missing, captured or wounded in action. Two years later he landed on Juno Beach on DDay. Pratt served in England, France (Dieppe Raid and D-Day), Belgium and the Netherlands.[87]
  • Arthur Ramshaw, World War Two, 8th Canadian Reconnaissance Battalion. He landed at Juno Beach in Normandy on July 12, 1944 - one month after D-Day. Presented May 8, 2015.[61]
  • John Walter Ross, World War Two, First Canadian Parachute Battalion, Presented June 6, 2014, in Normandy, France.
  • Herbert Arthur Strutt (b. 7 August 1920). World War Two veteran. Served in the RCAF, 411 Squadron, 126 airfield, 2nd TAF. Appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur 16 February 2015 in recognition for his role in the liberation of France.
  • Donald Somerville (Sapper retired RCE) landed in France on 11 July 1944 with 23rd Field Company. His company was notable for their assault boat crossings of the Seine River near Pont De L’Arche and later for evacuating paratroopers back across the Nederrijn River during Operation Market Garden.[88][89]
  • Lawson Arthur Walsh, (14 February 1899 – 25 December 2001) World War I veteran awarded for service in the Battle of Vimy Ridge.[citation needed]
  • Wallace "Wally" Watson, PFC with the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry (SDG) Highlanders, WWII D-Day Veteran, awarded the Knight of the Legion of Honour medal on December 22, 2014

China[edit]

Cuba[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco, June 1992. Received the honor for presiding the Bicentennial of the French Revolution Committee.[citation needed]

Egypt[edit]

Chevalier

Hazem Al Beblawi. Egyptian economist.[92]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Janab JM Abdul Aziz of Saigon wears the Legion on his left among other Orders
  • Durga Charan Rakshit (1896), a Bengali from Chandannagar who was also the first Indian to receive the Légion d'honneur.[94]
  • Havaldar Maruti Jadhav, of the 3rd Sappers & Miners for his gallantry during World War I.[citation needed]
  • Prof Mouhamed (1934),a Tamil born in Pondicherry of French India was awarded Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur. He was also the principal of lycee francaise Pondicherry during the French rule in India[citation needed]
  • Mohamed Haniff (1937), a Tamil born in Pondicherry of French India was accorded the Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur. He was also the Deputy Mayor of Pondicherry during the French rule in India[95]
  • J. R. D. Tata (1983), philanthropist, father of Indian Aviation and former chairman of Tata Sons from 1938 to 1991 [96]
  • Satyajit Ray (1987), President François Mitterrand went to Calcutta to give the award to Indian film director[97]
  • Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala, Maharaja of Kapurthala[citation needed]
  • Sivaji Ganesan, Actor, Marlon Brando of India 1997
  • M.M. Houssaine (1999), Govt Town Cazy Pondicherry[citation needed]
  • Pandit Ravi Shankar (2000), SItar exponent [98]
  • Zubin Mehta (2001), a conductor[99]
  • C. N. R. Rao (2005), a chemist and Head of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India[100]
  • Dr. Bikas Chandra Sanyal (2007),Indian educationist & Directeur de Recherche Associe, Honoraire Universite de Versailles-St-Quentin-en-Yvelines.[101]
  • Amitabh Bachchan (2007), (India), actor and Bollywood star [98]
  • Nadir Godrej (2008), Industrialist and Managing Director of Godrej Industries
  • Karambir Singh Kang (2010), general manager of the Taj Mahal Hotel for his unwavering commitment to duty despite personal loss in the 26/11 Mumbai Terror Attacks.[102]
  • N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya (2012), Sanskrit scholar, author and researcher.[103]
  • Anjali Gopalan (2013), Executive Director, The Naz Foundation India Trust, Advocate for LGBT rights and children and mothers living with HIV.[104]
  • Shahrukh Khan (2014), actor, Producer.[105]
  • Yashwant Sinha (2015), former Finance Minister and External Affairs Minister of India [106]

Iran[edit]

Ireland[edit]

  • Monsignor Professor Brendan Devlin was invested as an Officier de la Légion d'Honneur in November 2001.[citation needed]
  • Edward Westby Donovan, who fought in the Crimean War, was appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur[109]
  • Alan Dukes (2004), former Irish minister and former leader of Fine Gael is an Officier de la Légion d'Honneur
  • Patrick Gillen (8 December 2014), formerly of 6 Commando, landed Sword Beach June 6, 1944 was appointed Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur[110]
  • Mary Lawlor (3 July 2014) founder and Executive Director of human rights organisation Front Line Defenders was awarded the Insignia of Chevalier of the Legion of Honour on behalf of the French government by French Ambassador to Ireland Mr Jean-Pierre Thebault.[111]
  • Henri O'Kelly (1859–1938), Franco-Irish composer and church musician, "Chevalier" in 1931[citation needed]
  • Joseph O'Kelly (1828–1885), Franco-Irish composer and pianist, "Chevalier" in 1881[citation needed]
  • Michael d'Alton (26 January 2015) Veteran of the D-Day Landings on 6 June 1944.[112]

Israel[edit]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Of 1,500 non-French recipients, 1/10 are Japanese.[114]

Lebanon[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Mexico[edit]

1901 – Caballero – Légion d'honneur – Fernando Ferrari Pérez
Chevalier
  • Ing. Fernando Ferrari Pérez (1901), naturalist, photographer, statesman. Ferrari Pérez took part in the effort to modernize his country based on a Positivist view of progress and society. His country's ideological, scientific and intellectual autonomy was tantamount to its objectives. He worked to promote Mexico's new image and status on the American continent and in Europe; particularly in France where, because of professional imperatives, he lived during intermittent periods in two different addresses, both in Paris (32, Rue de Chazelles and 43, Avenue de Saxe). Fernando Ferrari Pérez introduced the Frères Lumière cinématographe patent into México. The purchase document (in Frères Lumière paperhead) of the patent's franchise for México, is deposited in the 'Archivio Storico della città di Mantova' (Italy).[citation needed]

The precise reference for his award is: Republique Française – Ordre National de Légion d' Honneur – Président de la Republique Motivation: Ingegneur de Mines. Date: Decret du 3/7/1901. Vu, sélle et enregistré 4/19/1901. Décoration de Chevalier of 'Ordre National de Légion d' Honneur. [129]

Commander
Chevalier

Morocco[edit]

Thami El Glaoui, Pasha of Marrakech
Grand Cross
  • Moulay Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman, also known as Muhammad IV (1873), Sultan of Morocco from 1859 to 1873.[136]
  • Thami El Glaoui (1925), better known in English-speaking countries as T'hami El Glaoui or Lord of the Atlas, was the Pasha of Marrakech from 1912 to 1956.[136]

Netherlands[edit]

Grand Cross
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

New Zealand[edit]

Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

Norway[edit]

Grand-Croix
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Chevalier

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Cwlth. Pres. Manuel Quezon wearing the Legion of Honor during his inauguration in 1935.

Poland[edit]

Painting of Józef Poniatowski on horse

More than 400 Poles have received the award. Among the most notable "historic" recipients:

  • Józef Poniatowski, who fought under Napoleon until his own death, despite the fact many of Napoleons friends left him when he lost power.[188]
  • Stanisław Kostka Bogusławski, Life of Prince Jòzef Poniatowski (Polish), Warsaw, 1831.
  • Franciszek Paszkowski, Prince Józef Poniatowski (Polish), Kraków, 1898.
  • Correspondence of Poniatowski, edited by E. Raczyński, Poznań, 1843.
  • Bronisław Dembiński, Stanisław August and Prince Józef Poniatowski in the Light of Their Correspondence (in French), Lemberg, 1904.
  • Szymon Askenazy, Prince Józef Poniatowski (Polish), Lwów, 1905.

Portugal[edit]

  • Rogerio Walter Carreira, President de Societe, Paris, le 23 Avril 2007 was awarded the Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur by French President Jacques Chirac[189]

Romania[edit]

Romanian royal family
Republic of Romania

Russia[edit]

Qatar[edit]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Spain[edit]

Grand-Croix
Chevalier

Sweden[edit]

Grand-Croix
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer[citation needed]
Chevalier

Tanzania[edit]

  • Amin Kurji (2013), Resident Representative of the Aga Khan Development Network in Tanzania, was honoured with the rank of Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur on 24 September 2013.[204]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

The Légion d'Honneur was awarded to 746 members of the British Armed Forces during the Crimean War (also known as the Russian War) which lasted from 1854 to 1856.


A-C

D-J

  • James Denwood (2015)[206]
  • Leslie George Dobinson (2014), was awarded Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur at the Prefecture, Caen, by Secretary of State for Defence and Veterans, Kader Arif on 5 June 2014 for his services in the Radar air defence of US Military Forces on the American battlefront and throughout the American theatre of operations, from landing on Omaha Beach, through the Battle of Normandy to the liberation of Paris. [208]
  • Eric Gill (2015)[206]
  • Graham Greene (1967), appointed Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur[209]
  • Frederick John Harris, was awarded the Légion d'Honneur in 1999 at 102 years old for his service in the Royal Horse Artillery during the First World War.[citation needed]
  • Amos Brook Hirst (1953), Chairman of the Football Association (FA), awarded to celebrate the FA's 90th Anniversary.[210]

L-P

  • Major Gerald Loxley RAF, became a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur[211]
  • CRW Nevinson, artist, awarded Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1938.[212]
  • Sir Paul McCartney MBE (2012), was appointed Officier of the Légion d'Honneur by French President François Hollande[213]
  • Lord Monks (2014) former General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress 1993–2003, Secretary General of the European Trade Union Confederation 2003–2011.[citation needed]
  • Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Sir Thomas Andrew Alexander Montgomery-Cuninghame, 10 Baronet of Corsehill awarded the Légion d'honneur in 1919 by The President of the French Republic[214]
  • Chris Norman (2015) for subduing the gunman of the 2015 Thalys attack.[215]
  • Harry Patch (1998, 2009), Britain's last surviving First World War Veteran, appointed Chevalier 1998 and Officier in 2009[216]

R-V

  • Colin George Champion Rae, MC, appointed Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in May 2015, in recognition of military service in France 1944-45[217]
  • Major Gordon Michael Reeves (1958), made Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur in October 1958, in recognition of military service as a liaison officer with the the Free French in North Africa during WW2.[218]
  • J. K. Rowling (2009), awarded the Légion d'Honneur by French President Nicolas Sarkozy.
  • Bernard Rush (2015), chief petty officer in the Royal Navy, appointed a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur posthumously.[206]
  • Rick Sopher, director of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, who on 9 May 2007 was awarded the Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur by French President Jacques Chirac AIU[219]
  • Lieutenant Francis George Sutton-Mattocks (1920), of the Royal Field Artillery, appointed Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur[220]
  • Violet Trefusis(1950), writer and socialite, appointed Chevalier of the Order.[citation needed]
  • Ninette de Valois (1950), appointed Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur[221]

W-Z

United States[edit]

Individuals[edit]

The individuals listed below are among the approximately 10,000 Americans who have been so honored:

A-B

  • Johnie V. Arnold (2015), US Coast Guard, USS Bayfield (WWII), Normandy, Iwo Jima, Okinawa; Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur, presented in January 2015 at the Arkansas State Capitol by Sujiro Seam, the consul general of France in Houston. Awarded for his service during the Allied Invasion of Normandy, spending his 21st birthday aboard the USS Bayfield along the coast of Southern France. (1924–2015) [225]
  • Brett Alan August (2015), an attorney in Chicago, Mr. August was the founder of the city's French-American Chamber of Commerce, and served as president. He was one of the founders of the Chicago-Paris Sister Cities partnership and is currently the chair of the Chicago-Paris committee. The award reflects the high regard the nation of France holds for Mr. August's decades long efforts to strengthen the ties between France and the United States.[226]
  • Frank Lusk Babbott, philanthropist[227]
  • Myron Barlow (1932) for Painting,[228][228]
  • John Barthelemy (2008) for literary works including "Consensus Decision-Making and Decline"
  • Alexander Graham Bell (1847) Inventor of the Telephone [229]
  • Kathryne Bomberger, Director-General of the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP)[citation needed]
  • Angelo Borracchini (2011), Business Owner in Seattle, Washington. He was also an American Soldier during WWII as a member of the Special Troops, within the 75th Infantry Division, where he participated, endured and survived the Battle of the Bulge. He was awarded the Chevalier De La Légion d'Honneur on October 27th, 2011 for his service.
  • Ralph L. Bourgeois, Captain US Army, Doctor. 91st Medical Gas Treatment Battalion & Mobile Field Surgical Hospital, D-Day at Utah Beach.[230][231]

C-D

  • Herbert E. Carter (2006) USAF Lt. Col, Tuskegee Airman, for his outstanding service during the liberation of France during World War II[232]
  • Miles Davis Jazz musician[233]
  • Elie Dulgher, Sr., Romanian/American Soldier during WWI that held position with three others on the French/German front, near Bordeaux, France, with Hotchkiss machine gun with 1870 mounted tripod[234]
  • Kirk Douglas (1985) American Actor [235]
  • Bob Dylan (2013) American musician, singer-songwriter, artist, and writer[236]

E

F

  • Mayhew Foster (2009) World War II soldier who flew Hermann Göring from Austria to Germany, where Göring stood trial for war crimes at Nuremberg[238]
  • Walter F. Fredericksen, Jr (2014) for his service in the 95th Division, 377th Infantry in World War II. Participated in the liberation of Metz.[citation needed]

G

  • Dr. Homer Gage, Commandeur, American Philanthropist: American Hospital in Paris (Neuilly)*
  • Mabel Gage, Commandeur, 22 May 1939 N50528, American Philanthropist: American dormitories Cite Universitaire Paris*
  • Orlow "Buzz" Freeman Garrett, American graphic artist; U.S. Army, 3rd Infantry Division, I Company, 30th Regiment (WWII)[239]
  • Tommy H. Gooch Sr (2015) US Army Sergeant served with the 90th Infantry Division, 359th Infantry Regiment, Company D. for service to France at Utah Beach D-Day and the Battle of Metz.[239]
  • Bart Gordon, Officer (2012) US Representative from Tennessee.[240]
  • Alan Greenspan, economist and Chairman of the US Federal Reserve[241]
  • Alfred Edgar Green Jr (2012) US Army,83rd Chemical Mortar Battalion, Company D, mortar gunner and glider mission for WWII

H

  • Philip Habib, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs, special envoy to the Middle East.[242]
  • Fred Harned (2011) U.S. Army, 82nd Engineer Combat Battalion, WWII[citation needed]
  • Frank Homan (1991) General Electric executive and general manager of CFMI during partnership with GE and Snecma Moteurs, a French engine company.
  • Elias Howe (1867) inventor of the sewing machine[243]
  • Robert E. Hunter US Ambassador to NATO[citation needed]

I

J

K

L

M

N

O-P-Q

  • Edgar dePue Osgood, Officer (2006) Honorary Consul of Côte d'Ivoire, for military service in WWII and keeping the French Language a vibrant entity in the State of California for 50 years.[citation needed]
  • Vernon Valentine Palmer (2007) Professor of Law Tulane University[citation needed]
  • Joe Panno (2012) US Army Corporal, 29th Division 115th Regiment 3rd Battalion, fought during the liberation of St. Lo
  • Robert Parker Officier (2005), American wine critic[citation needed]
  • Mason Patrick, Major General, US Army and Chief of US Air Force[citation needed]
  • George S. Patton, Commandeur. US Army General[citation needed]
  • Donald A. Peltier (2013) Corporal US Army 8th Armored Division, Allied Invasion World War II, Normandy, Belgium, Holland, Germany (Bronze Star for Valor).
  • Lafayette G. Pool, S/Sgt, US Army 3rd Armored Division, US tank ace credited with over 1,000 kills, 250 German prisoners of war taken, 12 confirmed tank kills and 258 total armored vehicle and self-propelled gun kills.[270]
  • Colin Powell, US Secretary of State, US Army General.[271]
  • William Wilson Quinn, US Army Lieutenant general. responsible for the U.S. 7th Army's capture of Herman Goring, Assistant Chief of Staff of the CIA[citation needed]

R

S

T

U-V

W

  • Malvin E. Walker (2012) Army veteran, for World War II combat service in France[citation needed]
  • Robert Weber (2013) for his participation in the liberation of France in WWII as a member 54th Armored Infantry Battalion of the 10th Armored Division.[289]
  • Harvey Weinstein (2012) American film producer and film studio executive.[290]
  • Orson Welles Commandeur (1982) actor, writer, director and producer.[291]
  • Elie Wiesel Commandeur (1984) Grand-Officier (1990) Grand-Croix (2000), Holocaust survivor and author, Nobel Laureate
  • Shelby Westbrook (2013) for his aerobatic heroism in Operation Dragoon in Southern France during WWII. As a Tuskegee Airman, one of the few Black Americans to be so honored.[citation needed]
  • Leonard Wurzel (2013) for his World War II service.[citation needed]

X-Y-Z

  • Steven C. Yevich (2004) of Berwick, PA, for his service in the 35th Infantry Division in World War II; wounded at St. Lo.[citation needed]
  • Alvin York (1918) Corporal while fighting for the AEF, for service in France.[citation needed]
  • Elias Zerhouni (2008) M.D., Director of the National Institutes of Health[292]


Institutions/organizations[edit]

Yemen[edit]

  • Amat Al Alim Alsoswa, the United Nations assistant secretary general, assistant administrator of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and director of its regional bureau for Arab states. She was awarded officier in the Order of the Légion d'Honneur.[293]
  • Khadija Al Salami, film producer.[294]

Yugoslavia[edit]

Other countries[edit]

By year[edit]

1880 to 1889[edit]

1900 to 1909[edit]

1910 to 1919[edit]

1920 to 1930[edit]

1930 to 1939[edit]

1940 to 1949[edit]

1950 to 1959[edit]

1960 to 1969[edit]

1980 to 1989[edit]

  • Orson Welles (1982) (United States), actor, writer, director and producer; Order of Commander[291]
  • Rand Araskog (1987), (US), American executive[308]
  • Manuel Noriega (1987), (Panama), General commander of the Panamanian Defense Force[309]
  • Marechal Francisco da Costa Gomes. 1984 -Grã-Cruz da Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur.[citation needed]

1990 to 1999[edit]

  • Garo Vanian (1993), (Sudan), awarded Chevalier as President Director General of Ararat International for grand merits[citation needed]
  • Raj Reddy (1994), (US), Carnegie Mellon professor and computer scientist.[310]
  • Ivan Ceresnjes (1994), head of the Jewish community of Bosnia and Hercegovina, for non-sectarian humanitarian relief work during the Bosnian War.[citation needed]
  • Richard Jenrette (1996), (US) investment banker[311]
  • Ross Steele (1996), (Australia), author and academic, received the title of Chevalier[312][313]
  • Pete Goss (1997), (UK), MBE, yachtsman who rescued fellow competitor Raphaël Dinelli in the 1996 Vendée Globe sailing race[314]
  • Harry Patch (1998), (UK) Britain's last surviving First World War Veteran. (Appointed Officier in 2009)[216]
  • Frederick John Harris (1999) (UK), was awarded the Légion d'Honneur at 102 years old for his service in the Royal Horse Artillery during the First World War.[citation needed]

2000 to 2009[edit]

  • Toomas Hendrik Ilves (2001), (Estonia) President; Commander of the Légion d'Honneur.[citation needed]
  • Quincy Jones (2001), (US), the American record producer and musician.[245]
  • Guadalupe Loaeza (2003), (Mexico) writer, received the title of Chevalier[315]
  • Henry Allingham (2003), (UK) World's oldest man at the time of his death and second oldest military veteran of all time(Appointed Officier in 2009).[205]
  • Vahid Halilhodžić (2004), former Bosnian football player, now successful football manager, received his Légion d'Honneur on 23. July 2004, during his tenure as manager of PSG.[52]
  • Martin Scorsese (2005), (US), film director and advocate of film preservation.[281]
  • Vladimir Putin (2006), (Russia), former President of Russian Federation.[316]
  • Lt. Col. Herbert E. Carter (2006), (US), Tuskegee Airman, for his outstanding service during the liberation of France during World War II; presented by former French President Jacques Chirac.[232]
  • Professor John Dunmore CMNZ (2007), prominent New Zealand academic, author on French history in the Pacific and long-time president of the New Zealand Federation des Alliances Francaises.[155]
  • Amitabh Bachchan (2007), (India), actor and Bollywood star[317]
  • Lata Mangeshkar (2007), (India), singer[318]
  • Im Kwon-taek (2007), (South Korea), film director[319]
  • HRH Galyani Vadhana (2007), (Thailand), was decorated with the Grand Officer[320][321]
  • Clint Eastwood (2007), (US), film actor and director[322]
  • Rogerio Walter Carreira (2007), (Portugal), President de Societe, was awarded the Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur by French President Jacques Chirac[323]
  • David Lynch (2007), (US), film director[324]
  • Festus Mogae (2008), (Botswana), the President[325]
  • Íngrid Betancourt (2008), (Colombia), a Colombian-French politician, released after six years of captivity under the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).[326]
  • Kutateladze Samson (2008), (Georgia), Brigade General Member of Parliament[citation needed]
  • Shimon Peres (2008), (Israel), the President[327]
  • Giorgio Armani (2008), (Italy), internationally renowned Italian fashion, furniture, and accessories designer.[328]
  • Miriam Were (2008), (Kenya), health advocate[329]
  • Randa Habib (2008), (Lebanon), the Lebanese-French director of Agence France Presse's office in Amman, Jordan.[326]
  • Dame Ellen MacArthur (2008), (UK), a sailor who previously held the record for the fastest solo circumnavigation of the globe in a yacht.[330]
  • Charles Durning (2008), (US), actor, in recognition of his service with distinction during World War II in France.[331]
  • Alain Frecon (2008), (US), Honorary Consul of France, Minnesota.[332]
  • Steven Spielberg (2008), (US), film director, studio executive, and producer.[333]
  • David Cronenberg (2009), (Canada), film director whose credits include Crash and The Fly; appointed Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres[65]
  • Milva (Maria Ilva Biolcati) (2009), (Italy), Italian singer and actress, received the title of Chevalier of the Legion of Honour on 11 September 2009 for her contributions to French culture.[334]
  • Dame Carol Kidu (2009), (Papua New Guinea), received the title of Chevalier, for her efforts on promoting human rights. She was the first Papua New Guinean citizen to receive the award.[335][336]
  • Veran Matić (2009), (Serbia), Serbian journalist and editor-in-chief of B92 "for the fight he has always led for independence and freedom of the media".[197]
  • Ružica Đinđić (2009), (Serbia), Serbian humanitarian, widow of Prime Minister of Serbia Zoran Đinđić "because of her active work at the foundation she heads".[197]
  • John Galliano (2009), (UK), Gibraltarian British couture designer, creative director of Christian Dior.[337]
  • J. K. Rowling (2009), (UK), British Author, writer of the acclaimed Harry Potter series.[338][339]
  • Ralph L. Bourgeois MD (2009), (US), Captain US Army 91st Medical Gas Treatment Battalion & Mobile Field Surgical Hospital, WW II D-Day at Utah Beach contributions to the liberation of the French Republic; and French language preservation via 'Council for Development of French in Louisiana' (CODOFIL).[340]
  • James T. Conway (2009), (US), General, United States Marine Corps Commandant.[341]
  • William "Bill" Bruce Overstreet, Jr. (2009), (US), USAAF, WWII Fighter Pilot, with the 357th FG, 363rd FS. The "Yoxford Boys". Flew a P-51 "Mustang", named "Berlin Express". Only known Allied fighter pilot to turn in a kill while flying under the "Eiffel Tower" in Paris chasing a German Me-109. Chevalier medal, presented by Ambassador to the US Pierre Vimont at the D-Day Memorial 8 December 2009AD, Bedford, VA US. Vimont said of Bill Overstreet in his speech that the Legion of Honour is "The sign of my country's exceptional recognition of Captain Overstreet's heroic contribution to the liberation of France."[342]
  • Robert O. Paxton (2009), (US), Historian recognised for his expertise on the Vichy regime in France during World War II.[343]
  • Steve Pisanos (2009), (US), Colonel, World War II fighter pilot, after shot down participated with the French Resistance.[344]
  • Peter Sloboda (2009), (US), Army veteran of World War II – for valour and bravery during the D-Day landings, Chevalier of the Legion of Honour 2009.[345]
  • Settimeo Tiberio (2009), (US), decorated World War II Veteran recognised for his valour during the D-Day invasion.[346][347]
  • Colonel Frederick C Clinton, April 2009, Decorated World War II Army veteran recognized for his combat actions in the Colmar Pocket battles of January–February 1945 as a member of D Company, 254th Infantry Regiment attached to the 3rd Infantry Division.[citation needed]
  • Violette Verdy (2009), (France)[citation needed]

2010 to present[edit]

References[edit]

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  148. ^ a b Brewer, Mark, 'New Zealand and the Legion d'honneur: The Great War, Part One', The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society, 37(2), November 2011, p. 118.
  149. ^ a b c d Brewer, Mark, 'New Zealand and the Legion d'honneur: Officiers, Commandeurs and Dignites', The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society, 35(3), March 2010, p. 135.
  150. ^ a b Brewer, Mark, 'New Zealand and the Legion d'honneur: The Great War, Part One', The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society, 37(2), November 2011, p. 119.
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  152. ^ a b c d Brewer, Mark, 'New Zealand and the Legion d'honneur: The Great War, Part One', The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society, 37(2), November 2011, p. 120.
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