List of former Philippines presidents who pursued public office

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This is a complete list of former presidents of the Philippines who pursued public office after their presidential terms ended.

Since the adoption of the 1987 Constitution, a former president may not run for the office unless s/he has served more than 4 years; the previous 1973 constitution provided no limit while the 1935 constitution provided only one reelection. The term limit has prevented any incumbent president to run again for office; one exception was Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who has served for 3 and a half years prior to her election in 2004.

For Executive posts[edit]

Presidency[edit]

This list only includes former Presidents (those who are not in position anymore and seeking for a comeback) who ran again for President.

President Previous term Year of election
(non-consecutive)
Result
AGUINALDO.jpg Emilio Aguinaldo 1899–1901 1935 Lost
Jose P. Laurel (cropped).jpg José P. Laurel 1943–1945 1949 Lost
JosephEstradajf1486.JPG Joseph Estrada 1998–2001 2010 Lost

Local government[edit]

List of Presidents who run in a local executive position

President Term Position Locality Year of election Result
Erap at the State Dining Room of the Malacañan Palace 072716.jpg Joseph Estrada 1998–2001 Mayor Manila 2013 Won
2016 Won

For Legislative posts[edit]

Senate[edit]

List of Presidents who run as a lawmaker at the Senate after the presidency:

President Term Year of election Result
Jose P. Laurel (cropped).jpg José P. Laurel 1943–1945 1951 Won

House of Representatives[edit]

List of Presidents who run as a lawmaker at the House of Representatives after the presidency:

President Term Constituency Year of election Result
Province District
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo State Dining Room of the Malacañan Palace.jpg Gloria Macapagal–Arroyo 2001–2010 Pampanga 2nd 2010 Won
2013 Won
2016 Won