List of former Philippines presidents who pursued public office
Since the adoption of the 1987 Constitution, a former president may not run for the office unless s/he has served more than 4 years; the previous 1973 constitution provided no limit while the 1935 constitution provided only one reelection. The term limit has prevented any incumbent president to run again for office; one exception was Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who has served for 3 and a half years prior to her election in 2004.
For Executive posts
This list only includes former Presidents (those who are not in position anymore and seeking for a comeback) who ran again for President.
|President||Previous term||Year of election
|José P. Laurel||1943–1945||1949||Lost|
List of Presidents who run in a local executive position
|President||Term||Position||Locality||Year of election||Result|
For Legislative posts
List of Presidents who run as a lawmaker at the Senate after the presidency:
|President||Term||Year of election||Result|
|José P. Laurel||1943–1945||1951||Won|
House of Representatives
List of Presidents who run as a lawmaker at the House of Representatives after the presidency:
|President||Term||Constituency||Year of election||Result|