Former United States special operations units are disbanded or otherwise inactive unconventional warfare units of the United States military. Most units were created to fulfill specific duties within a particular conflict, and were disbanded once that conflict ended. All branches of the United States armed forces – the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force have fielded special operations units. For existing special operations units, see United States Special Operations Forces.
The Civil War [ edit ]
World War I [ edit ]
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World War II [ edit ]
Korean War [ edit ]
Vietnam War [ edit ]
Fast Patrol Craft Patrol Craft Fast (PCF), also known as Swift Boats, were all-aluminum, 50-foot (15 m) long, shallow-draft vessels operated by the United States Navy for counterinsurgency (COIN) operations during the Vietnam War.
Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols (LRRPs or "Lurps"); Vietnam War-era deep reconnaissance and raider units
MIKE Force Mobile Strike Force Command; Corps I, II, III, IV
Tiger Force (Vietnam War); reconnaissance commando (recondo) platoon in the 1/327th Infantry Project "Leaping Lena" (Vietnam War);
Recondo course for South Vietnamese teams, trained by U.S. Special Forces, became Project DELTA.
Project DELTA (Vietnam War); 5th Special Forces group long-range reconnaissance unit; precursor to MACV-SOG
Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observations Group (MACV-SOG), a joint covert Vietnam War-era task force composed of 2,000 American soldiers and over 8,000 indigenous mercenaries
Project Sigma and Project Omega (Vietnam War), MACV-SOG recon units that operated in Cambodia
Phoenix Program; joint CIA and US military project based around the identification and elimination of the civilian supporters of the Viet Cong.
Project 404/Palace dog was a USAF program that supplied support personnel in civilian clothing to the Royal Laotian Air Force. Long range goal was production of a self-sufficient RLAF.
Raven FACs were USAF pilots in civilian clothing assigned to support the Royal Laotian Air Force by directing air strikes from small aircraft.
39th Special Forces Detachment (1952-1984), in Berlin, Germany, a classified unit that conducted unconventional warfare during the cold war
69th Special Forces Group (1963–1971), 8th Special Forces Group (1963–1972), 11th Special Forces Group (1961–1994) and 12th Special Forces Group (1961–1994) (disbanded Army Special Forces Groups)
"Blue light", a counter-terrorist unit created among the 5th Special Forces Group in the late 1970s
Special Operation - Reconnaissance, joint Marine-Navy reconnaissance units in the late 70s
Task Force Bayonet, a Joint Task Force specialised in Foreign Internal Defense (FID) duties for Latin American countries; mainly composed of Special Forces, but also included United States Navy SEALs, Delta Force and Intelligence Support Activity operators US Army Special Operations Division
SEASPRAY, an aviation unit for military covert operations during the 1980s
Red Cell, U.S. " Tiger team" active in the 1980s
Task Force Ranger ( Operation Gothic Serpent), U.S Army Special Ops(75th Ranger Regiment, 3rd Ranger Battalion/ 160th SOAR/ Special Ops Detachment DELTA or Delta Force, now known as CAG)task force deployed to Somalia between August and October 1993
Task Force 11 ( Operation Enduring Freedom), joint Army/Navy task force created to capture or kill senior al-Qaeda and Taliban leaders in Afghanistan
Task Force 20, Task Force 121 ( Operation Iraqi Freedom), multinational joint task forces created to capture or kill senior leadership of the former Baathist regime in Iraq, including Saddam Hussein; also tasked with capturing or killing the leadership of the Iraqi insurgency as well as senior al-Qaeda operatives in Iraq; Task Force 20 later merged with Task Force 121, and is now believed to be active under the designation Task Force 77.
Marine Corps Special Operations Command Detachment One (MCSOCOM-Det 1) (Operation Iraqi Freedom), pilot project active from 19 June 2003 to 10 March 2006 to assess the establishment of a permanent U.S. Marine Corps unit under Special Operations Command (SOCOM); replaced by the United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC)
Marine Corps Test Unit#1
References [ edit ]