List of former territorial authorities in New Zealand

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Territorial Authority is the term used for local government entities in New Zealand. Local government has gone through three principal phases with different structures: The provincial era, from 1853 to 1876, the counties and boroughs system from 1876 until 1989, and the current system of regions, cities and districts.

This article attempts to list all territorial authorities which have been disestablished.

Provincial era (until 1876)[edit]

The original three provinces were established in 1841 by Royal Charter. The New Zealand Constitution Act 1846 reduced the number of provinces to two. The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 re-divided New Zealand into six provinces, and four additional provinces emerged during the remainder of the Provincial Era. This era came to end with the Abolition of Provinces Act 1876.[1]

Province Established Disestablished Notes
Auckland 1853 1876
Canterbury 1853 1876
Hawke's Bay 1858 1876 Formerly part of Wellington Province
Marlborough 1859 1876 Formerly part of Nelson Province
Nelson 1853 1876
New Leinster 1841 1846 New Zealand Constitution Act 1846
New Munster 1841 1853 New Zealand Constitution Act 1852
New Plymouth 1853 1876 Renamed "Taranaki" in 1859
New Ulster 1841 1853 New Zealand Constitution Act 1852
Otago 1853 1876
Southland 1861 1870 Originally part of, and later reunited with, Otago Province
Wellington 1853 1876
Westland 1873 1876 Independent (Westland County) from 1868, and before that part of Canterbury Province

Post-provincial era (1876–1989)[edit]

Counties and boroughs[edit]

After New Zealand abolished its provinces in 1876, a system of counties similar to other countries' systems was instituted, lasting with little change (except mergers and other localised boundary adjustments) until 1989 when they were reorganised into District Councils within a system of larger Regions.

The "Counties Bill of 1876" was initiated to merge 314 road boards into 39 counties. However, as a result of lobbying the number of counties had grown to 63 by the time the bill was enacted.[2] By 1966, there were 112 counties.[3]

During the second half of the 20th century, many counties received overflow population from nearby cities. The result was often a merger of the two into a "district" (e.g., Rotorua) or a change of name to "district' (e.g., Waimairi) or "city" (e.g., Manukau).

The Local Government Act 1974 began the process of bringing urban, mixed, and rural councils into the same legislative framework. Substantial reorganisations under that Act resulted in a shake-up in 1989, which abolished all the counties except for the Chatham Islands County, which survived under that name for a further 6 years but then became a "Territory" under the "Chatham Islands Council".

Borough councils[edit]

Council Established Disestablished Area Notes
Alexandra 1867 [4] 1989 1.92 km2 (470 acres) (1986) Merged into Central Otago District
Arrowtown 10 May 1877 [5] 1989 170 acres (0.69 km2(1877)
1.92 km2 (470 acres) (1986)
Merged into Queenstown-Lakes District
Ashburton 1878 [6] 1989 12.27 km2 (4.74 sq mi) (1986) Merged into Ashburton District
Auckland 1851[7] 1871 Declared a city.
Avenal 1876 [8] 1909 Amalgamated with Invercargill Borough
Avondale 1922 [9] 1927 Amalgamated with Auckland City
Balclutha 1870 [10] 1989 568 acres (2.30 km2(1877)
5.26 km2 (1,300 acres) (1986)
Merged into Clutha District
Birkenhead 1888 1978 [11] Proclaimed a city on 15 March 1978
Blenheim 1869 [12] 1989 17.68 km2 (6.83 sq mi) (1986) Merged into Marlborough District
Bluff 1917 [13] 1989 8.67 km2 Merged into Invercargill city. See Campbelltown below.
Brunner 1887 [14] 1925 Amalgamated with Grey County
Cambridge 1886 [15] 1989 9.65 km2 Merged into Waipa District
Caversham 1877 [16] 1904 4.34 km2 Amalgamated with Dunedin city
Campbelltown 1878 [13] 1917 8.67 km2 Formally renamed Bluff (see above)
Carterton 1887 [17] 1989 39.81 km2 Grew into Carterton District
Cromwell 1866 [18] 1989 33.3 km2 Merged into Central Otago District
Dannevirke 1892 [19] 1989 5.62 km2 Merged into Tararua District
Dargaville 1908 [20] 1989 11.33 km2 Merged into Kaipara District
Devonport 1886 [21] 1989 5.79 km2 Merged into North Shore City
Dunedin South 1908 Amalgamated with Dunedin city [16]
Eastbourne 1905 1989 12.95 km2 Merged into Lower Hutt City
East Coast Bays 1954 1975 [11] Proclaimed a city on 1 April 1975
East Invercargill 1876 [8] 1909 Amalgamated with Invercargill Borough
Eketahuna 1907 fl. 1972 [22] Merged into Eketahuna County [23]
Ellerslie 1938 [9] 1989 3.01 km2 Merged into Auckland City
Eltham 1901 [24] 1989 6.47 km2 Merged into South Taranaki District
Featherston 1917 [25] 1989 3.07 km2 Merged into South Wairarapa District
Feilding 1881 [26] 1989 8.52 km2 Merged into Manawatu District
Foxton 1883 [27] 1989 3.07 km2 Merged into Horowhenua District
Geraldine 1904 [28] 1989 3.22 km2 Merged into Timaru District
Gladstone 1876 [8] 1909 Amalgamated with Invercargill Borough
Glen Eden fl. 1972 [22] 1989 4.95 km2 Merged into Waitakere City
Gore 1885 [29] 1989 9.43 km2 Merged into Gore District
Green Island 1875 [16] 1989 7.28 km2 Merged into Dunedin City
Grey Lynn 1899 [9] 1914 Amalgamated with Auckland City
Greymouth 1868 [30] 1989 10.48 km2 Merged into Grey District
Greytown 1878 [31] 1989 4.45 km2 Merged into South Wairarapa District
Hampden 1879 [32] 1967 [33] Amalgamated with Waitaki County
Havelock North [34] 1989 5.63 km2 Merged into Hastings District
Hawera fl. 1972 [22]
Helensville 1947 [35] 1989 5.32 km2 Merged into Rodney District
Henderson 1946 [36] 1989 66.7 km2 Merged into Waitakere City
Hokitika 1868 [37] 1989 35.7 km2 Merged into Westland District
Howick 1952 [38] 1989 6.21 km2 Merged into Manukau City
Huntly 1931 [39] 1989 9.3 km2 Merged into Waikato District
Inglewood 1902 [40] 1986 2.83 km2 Merged into Inglewood District 1986 Merged into New Plymouth District 1989
Invercargill 1871 [8] 1930 Elevated to City
Kaiapoi 1868 [41] 1989 4.66 km2 Merged into Waimakariri District
Kaikohe 1947 [42] 1989 5.44 km2 Merged into Far North District
Kaitaia 1922 [43] 1989 6.95 km2 Merged into Far North District
Kaitangata 1882 [44] 1989 3.64 km2 Merged into Clutha District
Kapiti 1974 [21] 1989 160.64 km2 Merged into Kapiti Coast District
Kawerau 1954 [45] 1989 21.74 km2 Changed to Kawerau District
Lawrence 1866 [46] 1989 2.95 km2 Merged into Clutha District
Levin 1906 [47] 1989 12.95 km2 Merged into Horowhenua District
Linwood 22 February 1893[48] 1903 Amalgamated with Christchurch city [48]
Lyttelton 1868 [49] 1989 10.36 km2 Merged into Banks Peninsula District
Maori Hill 1876 [16] 1915[50] 14.97 km2 Amalgamated with Dunedin City
Martinborough 1928 [51] 1989 4.33 km2 Merged into South Wairarapa District
Marton 1879 [52] 1989 5.72 km2 Merged into Rangitikei District
Masterton 1877 [53] 1989 17.96 km2 Expanded into Masterton District
Matamata 1935 [54] 1989 5.33 km2 Merged into Matamata-Piako District
Mataura 1895 [55] 1989 5.15 km2 Merged into Gore District
Milton 1866 [56] 1989 3.88 km2 Merged into Clutha District
Mornington 1877 [16] 1915[50] 2.65 km2 Amalgamated with Dunedin City
Morrinsville 1921 [57] 1989 4.76 km2 Merged into Matamata-Piako District
Mosgiel 1884[50] 1989 7.87 km2 Merged into Dunedin City
Motueka 1900 [58] 1989 47.9 km2 Merged into Tasman District
Mount Albert 1911 [9] 1978 Became Mount Albert City
Mount Eden 1906 [59] 1989 5.98 km2 Merged into Auckland City
Mount Maunganui 1945 [60] 1989 19.11 km2 Merged into Tauranga City
Mount Roskill 1947 [9] 1989 18.62 km2 Merged into Auckland City
Mount Wellington 1952 [9] 1986 16.72 km2 Merged with Otahuhu borough to become Tamaki City
Murupara 1962 [61] 1989 30.0 km2 Merged into Whakatane District
Naseby 1872 [21] 1989 0.73 km2 Merged into Central Otago District
New Brighton 1897 [48] 1941 Amalgamated with Christchurch city [62]
New Lynn 1910 [21] 1989 5.63 km2 Merged into Waitakere City
Newmarket 1885 [9] 1989 0.79 km2 Amalgamated with Auckland City
Newton 1885 1899 Renamed Grey Lynn Borough.[9]
Ngaruawahia 1920 [21] 1989 5.18 km2 Merged into Waikato District
Northcote 1908 [21] 1989 5.40 km2 Merged into North Shore City
North East Valley 1877 [16] 1910[50] 16.11 km2 Amalgamated with Dunedin City
North Invercargill 1876 [8] 1909 Amalgamated with Invercargill Borough
Oamaru 1866 [63] 1989 7.43 km2 Merged into Waitaki District
Ohakune 1911 [64] 1989 8.41 km2 Merged into Ruapehu District
Onehunga 1877 [9] 1989 7.60 km2 Merged into Auckland City
One Tree Hill 1930 [9] 1989 9.83 km2 Merged into Auckland City
Opotiki 1911 [61] 1973 Amalgamated with Opotiki County
Otahuhu 1912 [9] 1986 5.74 km2 Merged with Mount Wellington borough to become Tamaki City
Otaki 1921 [21] 1989 43.20 km2 Merged into Kapiti Coast District
Paeroa 1915 [21] 1989 5.75 km2 Merged into Hauraki District
Pahiatua 1892 [21] 1989 2.91 km2 Merged into Tararua District
Palmerston 1872 [65] 1966
Papakura 1 April 1938[11] 1975[11] Constituted a city on 1 January 1975
Parnell 1877 [9] 1913 Amalgamated with Auckland City
Patea 1881 [21] 1989 5.75 km2 Merged into South Taranaki District
Petone 1888 [21] 1989 10.28 km2 Merged into Lower Hutt City
Picton 1876 [21] 1989 4.24 km2 Merged into Marlborough District
Port Chalmers 1866 [21] 1989 4.01 km2 Merged into Dunedin City
Pukekohe 1905 [21] 1989 14.05 km2 Merged into Franklin District
Putaruru 1926 [21] 1989 3.94 km2 Merged into South Waikato District
Queenstown 1866 [21] 1986 4.21 km2 Merged with Lake County to form Queenstown-Lakes District
Raetihi 1921 [21] 1989 3.88 km2 Merged into Ruapehu District
Rangiora 1871 [21] 1986 3.56 km2 Amalgamated with Rangiora County to form Rangiora District.[66]
Riccarton 1913[21] 1989 2.83 km2 Merged into Christchurch City
Richmond 1891[21] 1989 10.52 km2 Merged into Tasman District
Riverton 1871[67][68] 1983 [69]
Roslyn 1877 [16] 1912[50] 8.09 km2 Amalgamated with Dunedin City
Ross 1878 [70] 1972 Amalgamated with Westland County
Roxburgh 1874 [21] 1989 2.08 km2 Merged into Central Otago District
Runanga 1912 [21] 1989 4.80 km2 Merged into Grey District
St Albans 24 November 1881[48] 1903 Amalgamated with Christchurch city
Saint Kilda 1875 [16] 1989 2.47 km2 Merged into Dunedin City
South Dunedin 1875 [16] 1905[50] 1.67 km2 Amalgamated with Dunedin City
South Invercargill 1877 [8] 1956 Amalgamated with Invercargill City
Spreydon 1 April 1911[48][71] 1921[72] Amalgamated with Christchurch City.
Stratford 1898 [21] 1989 8.16 km2 Merged into Stratford District
Sumner 1891 [48] 1 April 1945[48] Amalgamated with Christchurch city [48]
Sydenham 20 September 1877[73] 1903 [72] Amalgamated with Christchurch City.
Taihape 1906 [21] 1989 7.78 km2 Merged into Rangitikei District
Tapanui 1876 [21] 1989 1.21 km2 Merged into Clutha District
Taumarunui 1910 [21] 1989 15.7 km2 Merged into Ruapehu District
Taupo fl. 1972 [22] 1989 33.85 km2 Merged into Taupo District
Tauranga 1882 [61] 1963 [22]  km2 Elevated to city
Tawa fl. 1972 [22] 1989 6.94 km2 Merged into Wellington City
Te Aroha 1898 [21] 1989 31.8 km2 Merged into Matamata-Piako District
Te Awamutu 1915 [21] 1989 7.13 km2 Merged into Waipa District
Te Kuiti fl. 1972 [22]
Temuka 1899 [21] 1989 4.05 km2 Merged into Timaru District
Te Puke 1935 [61] 1989 5.34 km2 Merged into Western Bay of Plenty District
Thames fl. 1972 [22]
Tokoroa 1975 [21] 1989 13.25 km2 Merged into South Waikato District
Tuakau fl. 1972 [22] 1989 4.42 km2 Merged into Franklin District
Waihi 1902 [21] 1989 5.4 km2 Merged into Hauraki District
Waikouaiti 1866[50] 1966[50] Known as West Hawksbury until 1909[50]
Waimate 1879 [21] 1989 3.12 km2 Merged into Waimate District
Waipawa fl. 1972 [22]
Waipukurau fl. 1972 [22]
Wairoa 1909 [21] 1989 6.59 km2 Merged into Wairoa District
Waitara 1904 [21] 1989 6.32 km2 Merged into New Plymouth District
Waiuku 1989 5.93 km2 Merged into Franklin District
West Harbour 1877 [16] 1963[50] Western part amalgamated with Dunedin City, eastern part amalgamated with Waikouaiti County
Westport 1873 [21] 1989 3.44 km2 Merged into Buller District
Whakatane 1917 [61] 1976  km2 Amalgamated with Whakatane County to form Whakatane District
Winton 1877 [21] 1989 2.36 km2 Amalgamated with three other local authorities in 1989 to form Southland District.[74]
Woodville 1887 [21] 1989 4.25 km2 Merged into Tararua District
Woolston 27 July 1893[48] 1921 [72] Amalgamated with Christchurch City.

Cities[edit]

Prior to 1989, any borough with a population exceeding 20,000 could proclaim itself a city. As part of the restructuring, many provincial cities were combined with surrounding rural counties to form districts. For example, Hastings became a district, although its population is greater than nearby city Napier, which did not acquire any rural areas. The term city is still used informally for all large towns. New Zealand's first city was Christchurch, proclaimed by royal charter in 1856.[75]

Council Established Disestablished Area Notes
Birkenhead 1978 1989 12.66 square kilometres (4.89 sq mi) Merged into North Shore City
East Coast Bays 1989 15.59 square kilometres (6.02 sq mi) Merged into North Shore City
Gisborne 1989 26.28 square kilometres (10.15 sq mi) Merged into Gisborne District
Hastings 1989 19.46 square kilometres (7.51 sq mi) Merged into Hastings District
Mount Albert City 1986 [9] 1989 9.83 square kilometres (3.80 sq mi) Merged into Auckland City
New Plymouth 1989 Merged into New Plymouth District
Papakura 1989 13.95 square kilometres (5.39 sq mi) Merged into Papakura District
Papatoetoe 1989 9.03 square kilometres (3.49 sq mi) Merged into Manukau City
Takapuna 1989 114 square kilometres (44 sq mi) Merged into North Shore City
Tamaki 1986 [9] 1989 Merged into Auckland City
Timaru 1989 22.84 square kilometres (8.82 sq mi) Merged into Timaru District
Waitemata City 1989 378.29 square kilometres (146.06 sq mi) Merged into Waitakere City
Wanganui 1989 33.93 square kilometres (13.10 sq mi) Merged into Wanganui District
Whangarei 1989 292.79 square kilometres (113.05 sq mi) Merged into Whangarei District

Counties[edit]

When the provinces were abolished in 1876, 63 counties were established to govern rural areas. There were subdivisions and amalgamations over the next 113 years, with as many as 129 counties existing at once. Note that the designation of an area as a county often predated the formation of a County Council. In the interim there was often a roads board as the only form of local administration. Fiord and Sounds counties never formed councils, due to insufficient population to govern.

County Established Disestablished Area[76] Headquarters Notes
Akaroa County 1876 1989 440.48 km2 Duvauchelle Merged into Banks Peninsula District
Akitio County fl. 1911, 1961 [77] Pongaroa
Amuri 1876 1989 11,000 km2 Culverden Merged into Hurunui District
Ashburton 1876 1989 6174 km2 Ashburton
Ashley 1876 1977 Rangiora until 1968 [78] then Balcairn Amalgamated with Waipara County to form Hurunui County.[79]
Awakino County 1922 Amalgamated with Waitomo to form Otorohanga County [80]
Awatere County fl. 1952 [78]
Bay of Islands County 1876 1989 2132.5 km2 Kawakawa
Bruce 1876 1989 1347.4 km2 Milton Merged into Clutha District
Buller 1876 1989 15,000 km2 Westport
Castle Point County fl. 1945 Tainui
Chatham Islands County 1901 1989 963 km2 Waitangi [81]
Cheviot County 1876 1989 847.28 km2 Cheviot Merged into Hurunui District
Clifton County 1885 1989 1175.9 km2 Waitara Merged into New Plymouth District.[82]
Clutha County 1876 1989 2683.2 km2 Balclutha Merged into Clutha District
Collingwood County 1876 1956 Amalgamated with Takaka County to form Golden Bay County.[83]
Cook 1876 1989 2729.4 km2 Gisborne Merged into Gisborne District
Coromandel 1876 1975 [21] Amalgamated with Thames to form Thames-Coromandel District
Dannevirke County 1907 [21] 1989 2217.8 km2 Dannevirke Merged into Tararua District
East Taupo County 1876
Eden County 1876 1940 Amalgamated with Auckland City
Egmont 1902 [84] 1989 621.86 km2 Opunake Merged into South Taranaki District
Eketahuna County 1899 [21] 1989 8.29 km2 Eketahuna Merged into Tararua District
Ellesmere 1910 [85] 1989 1200.4 km2 Leeston
Eltham County 1906 [21] 1989 1388.8 km2 Eltham Merged into South Taranaki District
Eyre 1912 [86] 1989 457.8 km2 Kaiapoi in 1952,[78] later Eyreton Merged into Waimakariri District
Featherston 1902 [21] 1989 2471.9 km2 Martinborough
Fiord County 1876 1981  km2 Amalgamated with Wallace County in 1981, at which time it was "the only one of 105 counties where the Counties Act (1956) is not wholly in force" [87]
Franklin 1912 [21] 1989 1471.7 km2 Pukekohe Merged into Franklin District
Geraldine 1876  km2 Amalgamated with Levels County to form Strathallan County
Golden Bay County 1956 [83] 1989 2661 km2 Takaka
Great Barrier Island County 1913 [21] 1989 2.85 km2
Grey 1876 1989 4091 km2 Greymouth
Halswell County 1910 [85] 1968 Halswell Amalgamated with Paparua County [48]
Hauraki Plains County 1920 [21] 1989 601.1 km2 Ngatea
Hawera County  km2
Hawke's Bay County 1876 1989 4828 km2 Napier
Heathcote 1910 [85] 1989 31.09 km2 Merged into Christchurch City
Hobson 1876 1989 1929.5 km2 Dargaville Merged into Kaipara District [88]
Hokianga County 1876 1989 1588 km2 Rawene
Horowhenua County 1884 [21] 1989 1422 km2 Levin Merged into Horowhenua District
Hurunui 1977 1989 3640 km2 Amberley Merged into Hurunui District [79]
Hutt County 1876 1989 6690 km2 Initially Wellington, laterWainuiomata. Between 1908 and 1962 the Makara riding was a separate county. On 1 April 1973, parts were transferred to Porirua, Upper Hutt and Wellington cities. In 1988, the Horokiri riding was amalgamated with Porirua City, Wainuiomata riding with Lower Hutt City and Heretaunga-Pinehaven Community with Upper Hutt City, while the balance went to form part of the Kapiti Coast District.[89]
Inangahua County 1876 1989 2440.8 km2 Reefton
Inglewood County 1920 [21] 1986 535.22 km2 Inglewood Merged into Inglewood District 1986 Merged into New Plymouth District 1989
Kaikoura County 1876 1989 2347.5 km2 Kaikoura
Kairanga County 1901 [21] 1989 466.2 km2 Palmerston North
Kaitieke fl. 1952 [78] Raurimu Amalgameted with Taumarunui County [90]
Kawhia County 1905 1956[91] Kawhia Merged with Otorohanga District Council
Kiwitea County 1893 [21] 1989 930.2 km2 Kimbolton
Kowai County 1912 1968 Balcairn Amalgamated with Ashley County [79]
Lake 1876 1986 10000 km2 Queenstown Merged with Queenstown Borough to form Queenstown-Lakes District
Levels 1894 1974  km2 Amalgamated with Geraldine County to form Strathallan County
MacKenzie County 1883 [21] 1989 7386.6 km2 Fairlie
Makara County 1908 [92] 1961 Formed from the Makara Riding of Hutt County. Remnant amalgamated with Hutt County when Porirua Borough established.
Malvern County 1912 [21] 1989 4973 km2 Darfield
Manawatu County 1876 1989 686.6 km2 Sanson
Mangonui County 1876 1989 2487 km2 Kaitaia
Maniototo County 1876 1989 3471 km2 Ranfurly Became part of Central Otago District
Manukau County 1876  km2
Marlborough County 1876 1989 10478 km2 Blenheim Merged into Marlborough District
Masterton County 1900 [21] 1989 2410 km2 Masterton
Matakaoa fl. 1952 [78] Te Araroa
Matamata County fl. 1952 [78] Tirau
Mauriceville County  km2
Mount Herbert 1902 [21] 1989 171.01 km2 Lyttelton Merged into Banks Peninsula District
Ohinemuri County 1885 [21] 1989 624.45 km2 Paeroa
Ohura County fl. 1952 [78] Ohura Amalgameted with Taumarunui County [90]
Opotiki County 1899 [21] 1989 3474.65 km2 Opotiki
Oroua County 1903 [21] 1989 492.3 km2 Feilding
Otamatea 1887 [21] 1989 1090.85 km2 Paparoa Merged into Kaipara District [88]
Oxford 1912 [21] 1989 823.96 km2 Oxford
Pahiatua County 1888 [21] 1989 736.3 km2 Pahiatua
Paparua County 1912 [21] 1989 448.18 km2
Patangata County  km2
Patea County 1876 1989 1531 km2 Patea Merged into South Taranaki District
Peninsula County 1877[50] 1968[50]  km2 More or less inactive until reconstituted in 1926. Amalgamated with Dunedin City in 1967.[50]
Piako County 1876 1989 1171 km2 Te Aroha Merged into Matamata-Piako District
Pohangina County 1894 [21] 1989 671 km2 Ashhurst Merged into
Raglan County 1876 1989 2412.3 km2 Ngaruawahia Merged into Waikato District
Rangiora County 1912 1986 Rangiora Amalgamated with Rangiora borough to form Rangiora District.[66]
Rangitikei County 1876 1989 4490 km2 Marton
Rodney County 1876 1989 23.34 km2 Orewa Part merged into Kaipara District [88]
Rotorua County 1976 2615 km2 Rotorua Became Rotorua District
Selwyn County 1876 1910 subdivided into ten smaller counties.[93]
Silverpeaks County 1977[50] 1989 3289 km2 Dunedin Formed in 1977 by the merger of Taieri County and Waikouaiti County.[50]
Sounds County 1876 Merged into Marlborough District 1989. A Sounds County Council was never established
Southland County 1876 1989 9590 km2 Invercargill Amalgamated with three other local authorities in 1989 to form Southland District.[74]
Springs 1910 [93] 1989 Lincoln
Stewart Island County 1876 1989 1750 km2 Halfmoon Bay Amalgamated with three other local authorities in 1989 to form Southland District.[74]
Stratford County 1890 1989 2163.56 km2 Stratford
Strathallan County 1974 1989 2571.8 km2 Timaru
Taieri County 1877[50] 1977[50] Outram Amalgamated with Waikouaiti County to form Silverpeaks County.[50]
Takaka County 1956 Takaka Amalgamated with Collingwood County to form Golden Bay County.[83]
Taranaki 1876 1989 588.17 km2 New Plymouth
Taumarunui County 1921 [21] 1989 4895 km2 Taumarunui
Taupo County 1954 [21] 1989 7282 km2 Taupo
Tauranga County 1876 1989 1829.3 km2 Tauranga
Tawera County
Thames 1876 1975 [21] Thames Amalgamated with Coromandel County to form Thames/Coromandel District
Tuapeka County 1876 1989 3586 km2 Lawrence
Uawa County 1918 [94] 1964 [95] Tolaga Bay Separated from Cook County 10 December 1918.[94] Amalgamated with Cook County 1 April 1964.[95]
Vincent 1876 1989 7553 km2 Clyde Became part of Central Otago District
Waiapu County 1890 [21] 1989 2817.9 km2 Te Puia Springs
Waiheke County 1970 [21] 1989 155.32 km2 Ostend
Waihemo County 1882 [65] 1989 872.83 km2 Palmerston Merged into Waitaki District
Waikato County 1876 1989 1651  km2 Hamilton Merged into Waikato District
Waikohu County 1908 [21] 1989 2646.96 km2 Te Karaka
Waikouaiti County 1877[50] 1977[50]  km2 Amalgamated with Taieri County to form Silverpeaks County.[50]
Waimairi County 1982 Redesignated Waimairi District [48]
Waimarino County 1902 [21] 2249 km2 Raetihi
Waimate County 1876 1989 3585 km2 Waimate
Waimate West 1908 [21] 1989 215.05 km2 Manaia
Waimea 1876 1989 7547 km2 Richmond
Waipa County 1876 1989 1101 km2 Te Awamutu
Waipara County fl. 1952 [78] 1977 Waikari Amalgamated with Ashley County to form Hurunui County.[79]
Waipawa County 1876 Waipawa [78]
Waipukurau County Waipukurau [78]
Wairarapa East County 1876
Wairarapa South County 1877 [21] 1989 1140 km2 Carterton
Wairarapa West County 1876
Wairewa 1910 [93] 1989 440.5 km2 Little River
Wairoa County 1876 1989 4096.5 km2 Wairoa
Waitaki County 1876 1989 6192.7 km2 Oamaru Created in 1876 but first Council did not meet until 1877 [33]
Waitemata 1876
Waitomo County
Waitotara County 1884 [21] 1989 1205.5 km2 Wanganui
Wallace 1876 1989 17520 km2 Riverton to 1898, thereafter Otautau [69] Amalgamated with three other local authorities in 1989 to form Southland District.[74]
Wanganui County 1876 1989 1191 km2 Wanganui
Weber County  km2 Dannevirke [78]
Wellington County  ?  ?  km2  ? See Hutt County or Makara County for counties near Wellington.
West Taupo County 1876  km2
Westland County 1876 1989 11000 km2 Hokitika
Whakatane County 1876  km2 Whakatane [78]
Whangamomona County  km2
Whangarei County 1876 1989 2681.8 km2 Kamo Part merged into Kaipara District [88]
Whangaroa County 1876 [21] 1989 621.6 km2 Kaeo
Woodville County 1989 404.2 km2 Woodville

Districts[edit]

From the 1970s onwards some local authorities created by a voluntary amalgamation of two or more component local authorities were termed Districts. These Districts were of a mixed rural/urban character but are not to be confused with the Districts created by the local government reorganisation of 1989.[21]

Council Established Disestablished Area Notes
Hawera 1978 [21] fl. 1986
Otorohanga 1979 [21] fl. 1986
Queenstown-Lakes fl. 1986 [96]
Rangiora 1978 [21] fl. 1986
Rotorua 1979 [21] fl. 1986
Thames-Coromandel 1975 [21] fl. 1986
Waimairi 1982 [21] fl. 1986
Waipawa 1978 [21] fl. 1986
Waipukurau 1977 [21] fl. 1986
Waitomo 1976 [21] fl. 1986
Whakatane 1976 [21] fl. 1986

Town districts[edit]

A town district, as created under the Town Boards Act of 1882 [50] was a municipality intermediate in nature between a county town and a borough. In 1952, a dependent town district could be established on the petition of two thirds of the resident householders of any settlement of at least fifty households in an area of not more than two square miles (5.18 km2). To become an independent town district, a town district must have had a population of greater than 500.[78]

Council Established Disestablished Area Notes
Bay 1905 [16][50] 1916[50] Amalgamated with Dunedin City
Bulls fl. 1952 [78] 2.74 km2
Cambridge 1882 [15] 1886 Elevated to borough
Carterton 1875 1887 Elevated to borough.[17]
Dannevirke 1885 1892 Elevated to borough.[19]
Edendale fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 2.82 km2 Dependent Town District within Southland County
Eltham 1884 1901 Elevated to borough [24]
Glen Eden 1921 [21] fl. 1952 [78] 5.12 km2
Gordon 1890 [29] Amalgamated with Gore borough
Grey 1886[50] 1907[50] Amalgamated with Taieri County[50]
Havelock fl. 1952 [78] 0.85 km2
Henderson 1922 1946 Elevated to borough [36]
Helensville 1883 1947 Elevated to borough [35]
Hikurangi 1908 fl. 1986 [21] 3.88 km2 Independent Town District within Whangarei County [22]
Howick 1922 1952 Elevated to borough [38]
Hunterville fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 3.20 km2 Independent Town District within Rangitikei County
Huntly 1908 1931 Elevated to borough [39]
Johnsonville fl. 1952 [78] 3.41 km2
Kaikohe 1927 1947 Elevated to borough [42]
Kamo fl. 1952 [78] 3.44 km2
Kaponga fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 2.26 km2 Dependent Town District within Eltham County
Kawakawa fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 1.13 km2 Independent Town District within Bay of Islands County
Kawhia fl. 1952 [78] 1.90 km2
Kihikihi fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 2.59 km2 Dependent Town District within Waipa County
Kohukohu fl. 1952 [78] 4.13 km2
Leamington 1905 1956 5.38 km2 [78] Merged with Cambridge borough.[15]
Leeston fl. 1952 [78] 1.58 km2
Linwood 28 October 1882[48] 1893 Elevated to borough [48]
Lumsden fl. 1952 [78] 5.12 km2
Manaia 1882 fl. 1986 [21] 2.06 km2 Independent Town District within Waimate West County
Mangaweka fl. 1952 [78] 3.86 km2
Manunui fl. 1952 [78]
Martinborough 1906 1928 Elevated to borough [51]
Marton 1869 1879 Elevated to borough [52]
Matamata 1917 1935 Elevated to borough [54]
Mercer fl. 1952 [78] 4.05 km2
Moa 1885 1902 Elevated to borough and renamed Inglewood [40]
Morrinsville 1908 1921 Elevated to borough [57]
Mosgiel 1882[50] 1884[50] Elevated to Borough[50]
Mount Maunganui 1927 1945 Dependent on Tauranga County until 1937. Elevated to Borough 1945.[60]
Nightcaps 1918 [69] 1967 1.15 km2
Normanby fl. 1952 [78] 1.05 km2
Ohaupo fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 5.19 km2 Dependent Town District within Waipa County
Ohura fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 3.30 km2 Independent Town District within Taumarunui County
Onerahi fl. 1952 [78]
Opotiki 1882 1911 Elevated to borough [61]
Otautau fl. 1889 [69] 1978 3.86 km2 Independent Town District within Wallace County [22]
Otorohanga fl. 1952 [78] 2.27 km2
Outram 1882[50] 1961[50] 3.59 km2 Amalgamated with Taieri County
Patutahi fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] Dependent Town District within Cook County
Pleasant Point fl. 1952 [78] 2.95 km2
Rawene fl. 1952 [78] 1.84 km2
Russell fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] 4.31 km2 Dependent Town District within Bay of Islands County
Southbridge fl. 1952 [78] 2.15 km2
Sumner 1883 1891 Elevated to borough [97]
Tahunanui 1920 [98]
Takaka fl. 1952 [78] 2.37 km2
Taradale fl. 1952 [78] 5.94 km2
Taupo 1946 [21] fl. 1952 [78] 9.27 km2
Tawa Flat 1951 [21] fl. 1952 [78] 2.91 km2
Te Karaka fl. 1952 [78] 3.16 km2
Te Kauwhata fl. 1952 [78] 5.22 km2
Te Puke 1913 1935 5.34 km2 Elevated to borough [61]
Tinwald fl. 1952 [78] 6.17 km2
Tuakau 1914 [21] fl. 1952 [78] 7.77 km2
Waiuku 1914 [21] fl. 1952 [78] 5.18 km2
Warkworth fl. 1952 [78] fl. 1972 [22] Independent Town District within Rodney County
Waverley 1877 fl. 1986 [21] 1.96 km2 Independent Town District within Patea County
Woolston 13 September 1882[48] 1893 Elevated to borough [48]
Wyndham 1882 [78] 1977 [87] 2.75 km2 Independent Town District within Southland County

1989 reform of local government[edit]

By 1986, the number of territorial authorities and single-purpose authorities had grown to more than 850. In 1989 there was a major reform of local government in New Zealand. The numerous borough and county councils were amalgamated into larger districts, while the number of cities was reduced.[99]

The lists above should include all local authorities which existed prior to 1989.

Post-1989 local government reform[edit]

Regions[edit]

13 regional councils were established through the passing of the Local Government Act 1987. Nelson-Marlborough Regional Council was disestablished in 1992, when its functions went to the unitary authorities Nelson, Tasman, and Marlborough.[100]

Auckland Regional Council was subsumed into the Auckland Council on 1 November 2010.[101]

City councils[edit]

Many of the city councils resulting from the 1989 reforms continue in operation. Seven territorial authorities (Auckland City Council, Manukau City Council, Waitakere City Council, North Shore City Council, Papakura District Council, Rodney District Council and Franklin District Council) were amalgamated into the Auckland region in 2010.

District councils[edit]

Most of the districts resulting from the 1989 reforms continue in operation. Banks Peninsula District is an exception; it was merged into Christchurch City Council in 2006.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 177f.
  2. ^ "Abolition of the Provinces". An Encyclopedia of New Zealand. 1966. Retrieved 18 Feb 2011. 
  3. ^ NZART, counties map
  4. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Alexandra
  5. ^ [New Zealand Gazette] #60, page 717
  6. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Ashburton
  7. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Auckland
  8. ^ a b c d e f Watt, J.O.P. Centenary of Invercargill Municipality, 1871-1971. No publisher info. in book, printed by Times Printing Service, Invercargill, c. 1971
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Auckland City Libraries
  10. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Balclutha
  11. ^ a b c d Wises Publications Limited Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th edition. Wises Publications Limited, Auckland, 1979
  12. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Blenheim
  13. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Bluff
  14. ^ Coal, Class and Communities
  15. ^ a b c Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Cambridge
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k McDonald, K.C. City of Dunedin: A Century of Civic Enterprise. Dunedin City Corporation, Dunedin, 1965
  17. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Carterton
  18. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Cromwell
  19. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Dannevirke
  20. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Dargaville
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm Fraser, B (editor), The New Zealand Book of Events. Reed Methuen, Auckland, 1986. Note that dates given in this book appear to be the date of the first municipal corporation (city, borough or town district)
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Wises Publications Limited Wises New Zealand Guide, 5th edition. Wises Publications Limited, Auckland, 1972
  23. ^ Eketahuna borough existed in 1966 (Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Eketahuna) but not by 1986
  24. ^ a b Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Eltham
  25. ^ Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966:Featherston
  26. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Feilding
  27. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Foxton
  28. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Geraldine
  29. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Gore
  30. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Greymouth
  31. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Greytown
  32. ^ McDonald, K.C. White Stone Country. North Otago Centennial Committee, Oamaru, 1962
  33. ^ a b McKenzie, Dorothy and Budd, Arthur. Waitaki County Council 1877 - 1977. Thos. Bracken & Co. Ltd., Oamaru, 1976
  34. ^ [1] mentions a Town Board in 1938 and a Borough Council in 1955
  35. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Helensville
  36. ^ a b Waitakere City Council - history of Henderson
  37. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Hokitika
  38. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Howick
  39. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Huntly
  40. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Inglewood
  41. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Kaiapoi
  42. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Kaikohe
  43. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Kaitaia
  44. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Kaitangata
  45. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Kawerau
  46. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Lawrence
  47. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Levin
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Christchurch: A Chronology (enter year to search)
  49. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Lyttelton
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Guide to Family History Sources at DCC Archives" (PDF). Dunedin City Council. 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  51. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Martinborough
  52. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Marton
  53. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Masterton
  54. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Matamata
  55. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Mataura
  56. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Milton
  57. ^ a b Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Morrinsville
  58. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Motueka
  59. ^ Eden Park neighbourhood Association
  60. ^ a b Tauranga Public Library
  61. ^ a b c d e f g Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Bay of Plenty
  62. ^ East Christchurch
  63. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966:Oamaru
  64. ^ Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966: Ohakune
  65. ^ a b North Otago Museum
  66. ^ a b History of the Rangiora County
  67. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "The Riverton Borough Council". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  68. ^ "Riverton". Otago Witness (1024). 15 July 1871. p. 11. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  69. ^ a b c d Bye, K. Wallace - Rebel County. Southland District Council, Invercargill, 2000
  70. ^ University of Canterbury Library - Archives collection
  71. ^ Morrison 1948, p. 79.
  72. ^ a b c Te Ara - south Christchurch
  73. ^ Morrison 1948, p. 65.
  74. ^ a b c d Veltkamp Smith, Pat (29 June 2011). "Life of community works". The Southland Times. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  75. ^ Chch City libraries - chronology
  76. ^ Unless otherwise noted, area is per 1986 boundaries
  77. ^ Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966
  78. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az White, L. (compiler), Whites Pictorial Reference of New Zealand. Whites Aviation Limited, Auckland, 1952
  79. ^ a b c d The History of the Ashley County Council. Note: Council formed 1912. Kowai County merged in 1968.
  80. ^ Waitomo District profile
  81. ^ Encyclopedia of NZ, 1966 Note that the first council was not elected until 1925.
  82. ^ Wright, Shona A Centennial History of Clifton County (1885-1985), Clifton County Council
  83. ^ a b c National Register of Archives and Manuscripts
  84. ^ Cyclopedia of New Zealand, digitised at NZETC
  85. ^ a b c Christchurch City Libraries - Chronology, 1910
  86. ^ History of the Eyre County Council
  87. ^ a b Boyle, V. King of Counties II. Southland District Council, Invercargill, 2000
  88. ^ a b c d Kaipara District Council
  89. ^ Chris Maclean. The break-up of Hutt County, 'Wellington region', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 20-Dec-10, Accessed 24 January 2011.
  90. ^ a b Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966: Western Uplands
  91. ^ Kawhia History
  92. ^ The break-up of Hutt County from Chris Maclean. 'Wellington region', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 20-Dec-10, Accessed 24 January 2011.
  93. ^ a b c Christchurch chronology 1910
  94. ^ a b Mackay, Joseph Angus (1949). "Chapter XXXIX — Local Government: Uawa County". Historic Poverty Bay and the East Coast, N.I., N.Z. Gisborne, New Zealand: Joseph Angus Mackay. p. 404. Retrieved 28 May 2012. Online version provided by The New Zealand Electronic Text Centre. 
  95. ^ a b Williams, Lynette (26 February 2009). "Tolaga Bay Wharf". Rarangi Taonga: the Register of Historic Places, Historic Areas, Wahi Tapu and Wahi Tapu Areas. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Historic Places Trust Pouhere Taonga. Historical Narrative: Opening of the wharf. Retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  96. ^ Department of Survey and Land Information cadastral map NZMS 261 sheet E43, 1986 edition
  97. ^ Christchurch chronology 1883
  98. ^ http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=OSWCC19201109.2.6&l=mi&e=-------10--1----0-all
  99. ^ Derby, Mark (13 July 2012). "Local and regional government - Reforming local government". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  100. ^ "Local government reform 1987–1989". Ministry for the Environment. Retrieved 16 October 2013. 
  101. ^ Lee, Mike (July 2010). "From the Chairman". Region Wide. Auckland Regional Council. p. 1. 

References[edit]

  • Lambert, M.; Palenski, R. (1986). 4th Air New Zealand Almanac. Moa Almanac Press. ISBN 0-908570-91-0. 
  • Morrison, J. P. (1948). The Evolution of a City: The Story of the Growth of the City and Suburbs of Christchurch, the Capital of Canterbury, in the Years from 1850 to 1903. Christchurch: Christchurch City Council. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.