List of fraternities and sororities at Cornell University

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The Wily Goat (1877)[1][2]

The Cornell University Greek system dates to the first months of University operation during the autumn of 1868. Cornell's co-founder and first president, Andrew Dickson White was a strong promoter of fraternities as a means of teaching self-governance to young students. Among its leaders, other strong supporters of the Greek system were Presidents Edmund Ezra Day and Frank H.T. Rhodes.

Cornell currently hosts 36 fraternities, 13 sororities, and 12 multicultural Greek fraternities and sororities.[3]

Interfraternity Council[edit]

Alpha Delta Phi on West Campus

Fraternities constituting the Interfraternity Council (IFC) are listed with dates of local founding and national conference membership, these are (with two exceptions) men's organizations, voluntarily coordinating their efforts within the IFC. As part of IFC or national organization self-governance, or University disciplinary action, chapters may be suspended ("de-recognized") or closed for a time. If a chapter is closed and/or forfeits its housing, it will be listed as a dormant chapter. See the Office of Student Life for current recognized IFC members.

NIC indicates current members of the North-American Interfraternity Conference;
PFA indicates current and former members of the Professional Fraternity Association.

Active chapters

Chapters whose names changed

Dormant chapters

Panhellenic Council[edit]

Delta Delta Delta on Cornell's North Campus

Sororities constituting the Panhellenic Council (PHC) are listed with dates of local founding and national conference membership, these are women's organizations, voluntarily coordinating their efforts within the PHC. As part of PHC or national organization self-governance, or University disciplinary action, chapters may be suspended ("de-recognized") or closed for a time. If a chapter is closed and/or forfeits its housing, it will be listed as a dormant chapter. See the Office of Student Life for current PHA members.

NPC indicates members of the National Panhellenic Conference.

Active chapters

Dormant chapters

Multicultural Greek Letter Council[edit]

Sororities and Fraternities constituting the Multicultural Greek Letter Council (MGLC) were originally affiliated with specific ethnicities or languages. Most of these organizations are now fully integrated as are the rest of Cornell's Greek letter organizations. All MGLC chapters are. Listed with dates of local founding and national conference membership, these are men's and women's organizations that voluntarily coordinate their efforts within the MGLC. As part of MGLC or University self-governance during disciplinary action, chapters may be suspended ("de-recognized") for a time. Unless the suspensions result in long-term closure of the chapter or forfeiture of a building, they should not be removed from this list. See the Office of Student Life for current MGLC members. The inter-Greek councils often cooperate on programs and policies, as do individual chapters from among the several Greek councils.

NALFO indicates members of the National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations;
NAPA indicates members of the National APIA Panhellenic Association;
NPHC indicates members of the National Pan-Hellenic Council.

Men's

Women's

Chapters whose names changed

Dormant chapters

Honor, professional, and service societies[edit]

These organizations have a similarly long pedigree on the Cornell campus, but are largely non-residential. Members of the social and academic fraternities and sororities may join or be asked to join, as may non-Greek students. Multiple affiliations are allowable. The cut-off line where any campus organization falls within these headings or without is somewhat arbitrary; those formed prior to 1990 are listed under these subheadings in various volumes of the Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities, which for more than a century has been the data source of record for such organizations. Newer groups have been placed in categories which match Baird's categories. The latest, 1991 version of Bairds was published before the national development of some of the societies here, and therefore, position and inclusion is, in some cases, assumptive.[51]

Honor and recognition societies[edit]

Honor societies recognize students who excel academically or as leaders among their peers, often within a specific academic discipline. Many honor societies invite students to become members based on scholastic rank (the top x% of a class) and/or grade point, either overall, or for classes taken within the discipline for which the honor society provides recognition. In cases where academic achievement would not be an appropriate criterion for membership, other standards are usually required for membership (such as completion of a particular ceremony or training program). These societies recognize past achievement. Pledging is not required, and new candidates may be immediately inducted into membership after meeting predetermined academic criteria and paying a one-time membership fee. Because of their purpose of recognition, most honor societies will have much higher academic achievement requirements for membership than professional societies. It is also common for a scholastic honor society to add a criterion relating to the character of the student. Some honor societies are invitation only while others allow unsolicited applications. Finally, membership in an honor society might be considered exclusive, i.e., a member of such an organization cannot join other honor societies representing the same field. Governance varies from faculty-guided to purely student run.

Listed by date of local founding with national conference membership, these are co-ed, non-residential, achievement-based organizations that self-select members based on published criteria.

ACHS indicates members of the Association of College Honor Societies.

Active chapters

Dormant chapters

Professional societies[edit]

Professional societies work to build friendship bonds among members, cultivate their strengths that they may promote their profession, and provide mutual assistance in their shared areas of professional study.

Listed by date of local founding with national conference membership, these are primarily co-ed and non-residential organizations, of an array of professional interests. Membership in a professional fraternity may be the result of a pledge process, much like a social fraternity, and members are expected to remain loyal and active in the organization for life. Within the group of societies dedicated to a professional field of study, for example, law societies, membership is exclusive; however, these societies may initiate members who belong to other types of fraternities. Professional Societies are known for networking and post-collegiate involvement. Governance varies from faculty-managed to purely student run.

PFA indicates members of the Professional Fraternity Association

Active chapters

Dormant chapters

Service societies[edit]

Service societies are listed with dates of local founding and national conference membership, if any; these are non-residential, co-ed organizations designed to provide campus and community service. These organizations are self-governed.

  • ΑΦΩ Alpha Phi Omega, 1927 (PFA), service
  • Greeks Go Green, 20xx, local, environmentalism

Building and property ownership[edit]

Cornell University Residence Plan of 1966[edit]

The Delta Phi house at Cornell

During AY 1948-1949, Cornell University President Edmund Ezra Day formally distanced the University leadership from the increased discrimination which he observed at Cornell since 1910. His speech at the time marked the beginning an effort to end such unlawful practices, a goal to which the University remains committed.[citation needed] Following hearings into discrimination within Cornell's system of private fraternities and sororities, fifteen fraternities liquidated private holdings and entered into the Cornell University Residence Plan of 1966, or CURP'66, an agreement which required all signatories to refrain from unlawful discrimination.[103] The majority of CURP ’66 houses are on the Cornell West Campus. The Plan created a system of 'living and learning' by Small Residence.

Each Group House was to be maintained by a Priority Group electing its Group Sponsor. Phi Kappa Psi, for instance, sponsored Group House No. IV d/b/a/ The Irving Literary Society, and developed its parcel on Cornell's West Campus. Cornell desired an academic atmosphere in student residence “units” providing appropriate facilities for intellectual and cultural activities and by encouraging student participation in these pursuits.[104] CURP ’66 was not simply the creation of University-owned fraternities and sororities, but a plan to provide a supplement to the University-maintained dormitory complex, the existing Cornell Greek System, off-campus apartments and rooming houses. The vision was to organize “Small Residences” together, regardless of their national or local orientation as fraternities or cooperatives.[104] The University program provided for no discrimination on the basis of race, creed, color or national origin. The issue of gender was addressed in the equal promotion of female, male and gender neutral Group Houses.[105] In 1997, Cornell's president, Hunter Rawlings, reaffirmed the Board of Trustees' commitment to the Cornell University Residence Plan of 1966.[106]

The current CURP ’66 was created from an existing University leasing system dating to the 1881 decision by Andrew Dickson White to favor fraternities over dormitories. White thought fraternities “’[would] arouse in the students a feeling of responsibility both for the care of the property and for the reputation of the house . . . [and] fastens upon [students’] duties and responsibilities similar to those of men in the active world was among the better solutions of the problems [of] . . . students in American universities.’”[107]:33-34 White’s vision, in turn, develop from the professional analysis of American architect and planner, Frederick Law Olmsted, who saw the erection of residential clubhouses on Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act as a reform over the barracks-like dormitories used by existing American universities and colleges.[108] Like White, Olmsted felt clubhouses maintained by the students would form part of the educational experience. They were to be modeled on the typical rural household of the era, small country villas thought to avoid the negative aspects of the Industrial revolution.[107]:21-23

CURP signatories

  • Group House No. I, possessed by Delta Kappa Epsilon, signatory since 1960, 13 South Avenue (in residence);
  • Group House No. II, possessed by Delta Tau Delta, signatory since June 8, 1960, 104 Mary Anne Wood Drive (in residence);
  • Group House No. III, Chi Phi ("Craigielea"), signatory since Nov. 15, 1960, 107 Edgemoor Lane (in residence);
  • Group House No. IV, "Ivy," possessed by Phi Kappa Psi ("The Gables"), signatory since Nov. 30, 1959, 525 Stewart Avenue, service deliveries to 120 Mary Anne Wood Drive; Phi Psi is also the parent organization to the Irving Literary Society. First to sign into the revised Group Housing Plan in 1959, it was fourth in accession due to negotiations over the sale of its property at 312 Thurston Avenue, the former Wyckoff Mansion (in residence);
  • Group House No. V, possessed by Sigma Phi Epsilon, signatory since 1962, 109 McGraw Place (in residence);
  • Group House No. VI, possessed by Delta Upsilon, signatory since 1962, 6 South Avenue (in residence);
  • Group House No. VII, occupied by Phi Sigma Sigma, and formerly possessed by Kappa Alpha, which was a signatory in 1991 (signing was delayed for three decades, for reasons unknown), 14 South Avenue;
  • Group House No. VIII, possessed by Zeta Psi, signatory since 1963, 534 Thurston Avenue, (in residence);
  • Group House No. IX, occupied by Sigma Alpha Mu, and formerly possessed by Chi Omega, signatory since 1963, 10 Sisson Place, on North Campus;[109]
  • Group House X, occupied by University Residence Life, 201 Thurston Avenue, and formerly possessed by Lambda Upsilon Lambda, signatory since 1965, when the CURP program was closed out in favor of a return to individual leasing.

Chapters with University-owned facilities under other agreements[edit]

The Cornell University Residence Plan of 1966 was based on agreements with other institutions, dating from 1933 to 1952, and after 1965:

Chapters with privately owned facilities[edit]

Many fraternities and sororities have remained outside the ambit of University ownership. As of October 2009, these chapters include the following:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cornell University Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections
  2. ^ The Cornellian, 1874.
  3. ^ Cornell University, List of Fraternity and Sorority Chapters.
  4. ^ Acacia address in 2016, 318 Highland Road, Ithaca, NY 14850
  5. ^ ΑΔΦ address in 2016, 777 Stewart Avenue, Ithaca, NY 14850
  6. ^ ΑΕΠ address in 2016, 140 Thurston Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  7. ^ ΑΓΡ address in 2016, 203 Highland Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  8. ^ ΑΦΔ is non-residential as of 2016
  9. ^ ΑΣΦ address in 2016, 804 Stewart Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  10. ^ ΑΖ address in 2016, 214 Thurston Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  11. ^ ΒΘΠ address in 2016, 100 Ridgewood Road, Ithaca, NY 14850
  12. ^ ΧΦ address in 2016, 107 Edgemoor Lane, Ithaca, NY 14850
  13. ^ a b c d e f Aloi, Daniel (June 27, 2013), "Four Greek Chapters sanctioned, two others closed", Cornell Chronicle, retrieved 21 May 2014 
  14. ^ Cornell Sun, 2 May 2014: University revokes recognition of Chi Psi fraternity for three years, accessed 17 May 2014.
  15. ^ ΧΨ address in 2016, 810 University Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  16. ^ Cornell's is the Founding Chapter of Delta Chi. Originally a professional law fraternity, it evolved by 1909 to become a general fraternity, disallowing new members who were already part of other fraternities. See Delta Chi History, accessed 3 June 2015
  17. ^ ΔΧ address in 2016, 102 The Knoll, Ithaca, NY 14850
  18. ^ ΔΦ address in 2016, 100 Cornell Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  19. ^ ΔΤΔ address in 2016, 104 Mary Ann Wood Dr., Ithaca, NY 14850
  20. ^ ΔΥ address in 2016, 6 South Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  21. ^ ΚΑ is non-residential as of 2016
  22. ^ ΚΔΡ address in 2016, 312 Highland Road, Ithaca, NY 14850
  23. ^ a b c ΦΔΘ and ΚΣ nationals withdrew from the NIC in 2002. ΛΧΑ severed ties in 2015. TKE resigned its membership in 2016. ΦΣΚ withdrew in 2002 but rejoined in 2006.
  24. ^ Kappa Sigma at Cornell, retrieved 15 May 2014 
  25. ^ ΚΣ address in 2016, 600 University Ave,. Ithaca, NY 14850
  26. ^ ΛΧΑ address in 2016, 125 Edgemoor Lane, Ithaca, NY 14850
  27. ^ ΦΔΘ address in 2016, 2 Ridgewood Road, Ithaca, NY 14850
  28. ^ Fiji maintains a policy for its members that severely limits use of its Greek letters to a handful of approved usages, such as their official ring, chapter plaques and memorial markers. Thus you will see "Fiji" on shirts, but not the Greek letters.
  29. ^ ΦΓΔ address in 2016, 118 McGraw Place, Ithaca, NY 14850
  30. ^ Phi Kappa Psi at Cornell, retrieved 15 May 2014 
  31. ^ ΦΚΨ address in 2016, 120 Mary Ann Wood Drive, Ithaca, NY 14850
  32. ^ ΦΚΤ address in 2016, 106 The Knoll, Ithaca, NY 14850
  33. ^ Phi Sigma Kappa at Cornell Alumni, retrieved 15 May 2014 
  34. ^ ΦΣΚ address in 2016, 702 University Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  35. ^ "Spring 2010 Pi Kappa Alpha", Hazing.Cornell.edu, retrieved 17 May 2014 
  36. ^ ΠΚΑ address in 2016, 17 South Ave,. Ithaca, NY 14850
  37. ^ ΠΚΦ address in 2016, 55 Ridgewood Rd, Ithaca, NY 14850
  38. ^ Seal and Serpent address in 2016, 305 Thurston Ave, Ithaca, NY 14850
  39. ^ ΣΑΜ address in 2016, 10 Sisson Place, Ithaca, NY 14850
  40. ^ ΣΧ address in 2016, 106 Cayuga Heights Rd., Ithaca, NY 14850
  41. ^ ΣΧΔ is non-residential in 2016
  42. ^ ΣΝ address in 2016, 230 Willard Way, Ithaca, NY 14850
  43. ^ ΣΦ address in 2016, 1 Forest Park Lane, Ithaca, NY 14850
  44. ^ ΣΦΕ address in 2016, 109 McGraw Place, Ithaca, NY 14850
  45. ^ ΣΠ address in 2016, 730 University Avenue, Ithaca, NY 14850
  46. ^ ΘΔΧ address in 2016, 800 University Avenue, Ithaca, NY 14850
  47. ^ ΖΒΤ address in 2016, 1 Edgecliff Lane, Ithaca, NY 14850
  48. ^ ΖΨ address in 2016, 534 Thurston Ave,. Ithaca, NY 14850
  49. ^ Cornell Phi Psi history, accessed 3 Oct 2016.
  50. ^ This entire 5-chapter national fraternity, including Cornell's Beta Chapter, was absorbed into ΒΘΠ in 1879.
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw Anson, Jack L.; Marchenasi, Robert F., eds. (1991) [1879]. Baird's Manual of American Fraternities (20th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Baird's Manual Foundation, Inc. pp. II–45,46. ISBN 978-0963715906. 
  52. ^ a b c d ΤΚΕ came from several predecessor groups, including Kappa Psi, the Scorpion Club, and Sigma Phi Sigma, according to the Ithacating blog, posted 12 Jun 2008, accessed 19 Jan 2017
  53. ^ a b "Beta Sigma Rho Merger", PiLambdaPhi.org, retrieved 4 June 2015  Beta Sigma Rho merged into the Pi Lam chapter in 1972, then Pi Lam closed in 1976.
  54. ^ a b Sanua, Marianne Rachel (2003), Going Greek: Jewish College Fraternities in the United States, 1895-1945, Wayne State University Press 
  55. ^ Cornell Pike history, accessed 3 Oct 2016. This early Cornell local is to be confused with the later formed "Alpha Theta", a 'gender inclusive' local society at Dartmouth College. Name similarity is merely coincidental.
  56. ^ ΟΑΤ was a national Jewish fraternity, founded at Cornell. It was noted (Sanua, p.79) as "the most Jewish of fraternities". Its house keeps a kosher kitchen. All chapters closed during the Great Depression; most of these were absorbed by Tau Delta Phi
  57. ^ a b This small national was founded at Syracuse, placing its Beta Chapter at Cornell in 1915, which had been a local called Omicron Sigma Omicron, according to Bairds' Manual, 8th ed.
  58. ^ This chapter was founded as local, Eleusis, in 1912. Becoming ΘΚΝ in 1935, only four years later this small national merged with Lambda Chi Alpha, becoming a chapter of that national fraternity.
  59. ^ This unnamed chapter of the small national fraternity Kappa Nu petitioned to join Phi Sigma Epsilon in 1962, having chosen not to participate in Kappa Nu's merger with Phi Epsilon Pi in 1961. This is probably because both chapters had been present on the Cornell campus. Phi Epsilon Pi itself later became part of Zeta Beta Tau.
  60. ^ a b Cornell was the only campus where active chapters of both Phi Sigma Kappa and Phi Sigma Epsilon existed at the time of their merger in 1985. Rather than merge the chapters, the Phi Sigma Epsilon group was released to seek another national affiliation, and after a search, joined Theta Chi, also in 1985. To explain, two years prior, in 1983, Theta Chi on the campus had lost their charter due to rules violations, as noted in a historical piece from AEPi, accessed 14 Jun 2017. AEPi's campus history had noted this situation as the former (1983) Theta Chi members had been absorbed en masse into the AEPi chapter on the campus. The new, 1985 edition of Theta Chi (from Phi Sigma Epsilon) had no connection to the former Theta Chi chapter, but was granted its Lambda Chapter name and occupied its building. Alpha Chi Omega sorority occupied their former building, according to a local real estate blog at the time, accessed 14 Jun 2017. As a postscript, Theta Chi was again closed in 1999 due to drug use violations, and a 2003 recolonization attempt was unsuccessful.
  61. ^ ΑΤΩ's address, prior to its 2013 closing, was 625 University Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  62. ^ Not to be confused with the Jewish professional dentistry fraternity of the same name.
  63. ^ "University revokes recognition of DKE", Cornell Chronicle, November 22, 2013, retrieved 21 May 2014 
  64. ^ ΔΚΕ address prior to Nov, 2013 closure, 13 South Ave, Ithaca, NY 14850
  65. ^ "Cornell University Revokes Recognition of Psi Upsilon Fraternity", Cornell Daily Sun, May 25, 2016, retrieved Oct 26, 2016 
  66. ^ ΨΥ address prior to May, 2016 closure, 2 Forest Park Lane, Ithaca, NY 14850
  67. ^ "Cornell withdraws recognition of Sigma Alpha Epsilon", Cornell Chronicle, March 18, 2011, retrieved 16 May 2014 
  68. ^ This small, now-dormant national was formed at Dartmouth in 1858, also known by the name Vitruvian. Its Beta Chapter was placed at Cornell. Not to be confused with the professional business fraternity of the same name.
  69. ^ "Fall 2012 Tau Epsilon Phi", Hazing.Cornell.edu, retrieved 16 May 2014 
  70. ^ Cornell Sun: TKE Will Lose Recognition After Reported Hospitalization, accessed 17 May 2014
  71. ^ "History 1989–2004", AEPiBeta.org, retrieved 17 May 2014 
  72. ^ Bier, Karen (November 24, 1969), "Fraternity Seeks Coed Pledges", Cornell Daily Sun, retrieved 16 May 2014 
  73. ^ ΑΧΩ address in 2016, 509 Wyckoff Road, Ithaca, NY 14850
  74. ^ ΑΈΦ address in 2016, 435 Wyckoff Ave Ithaca, NY 14850
  75. ^ ΑΦ address in 2016, 411 Thurston Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  76. ^ ΑΞΔ address in 2016, 40 Ridgewood, Ithaca, NY 14850
  77. ^ ΔΔΔ address in 2016, 118 Triphammer Road, Ithaca, NY 14850
  78. ^ ΔΓ address in 2016, 117 Triphammer Rd., Ithaca, NY 14850
  79. ^ ΚΑΘ address in 2016, 519 Stewart Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  80. ^ ΚΔ address in 2016, 109 Triphammer Rd., Ithaca, NY 14850
  81. ^ ΚΚΓ address in 2016, 508 Thurston Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  82. ^ a b c Ithacating Blog, extensive fraternity and sorority building coverage, accessed 17 May 2014.
  83. ^ ΦΜ is non-residential in 2016
  84. ^ ΦΣΣ address in 2016, 14 South Ave., Ithaca, NY 14850
  85. ^ ΠΒΦ address in 2016, 330 Triphammer Rd., Ithaca, NY 14850
  86. ^ This national sorority was born at Cornell.
  87. ^ ΣΔΤ address in 2016, 115 Ridgewood Rd., Ithaca, NY 14850
  88. ^ a b This organization merged twice in 1931. The original Club Hispania joined Phi Lambda Alpha and that fraternity nationally merged into Phi Iota Alpha in late December of that same year, according to Phi Iota Alpha records.
  89. ^ The first "International Latino Fraternity" was founded at Cornell, with the establishment of Alpha Chapter of Alpha Zeta, not to be confused with the Professional (Agricultural) fraternity of that same name, also on the Cornell campus. While short-lived, this group sparked many imitators, as noted by Oliver Fajardo in an article in "the Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, accessed 17 Jan, 2017.
  90. ^ ΡΨ, for Chinese students, was founded at Cornell in 1916 with the Chinese name Su Ye She, at a time when Chinese students were unable to join other fraternities. It became a national organization in 1925, and international in 1929. The Cornell chapter ceased in 1931, but other chapters of the national organization continued, becoming co-educational in 1975. Rho Psi continues as a Chinese interest club. The fraternity adopted the name Rho Psi Society, indicating its co-educational status, also in 1975.
  91. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "ACHS Member Honor Society Chapters at Cornell University", Association of College Honor Societies website, retrieved 18 May 2014A 
  92. ^ "Pi Alpha Xi horticulture honor society makes a comeback", College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Blog, Cornell University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, May 14, 2013, retrieved 18 May 2014 
  93. ^ Cornell Pi Tau Sigma website, retrieved 15 May 2014 
  94. ^ Order of Omega's chapter list, accessed 22 May 2014
  95. ^ Delta Alpha Pi Honor Society website, retrieved 19 May 2014 
  96. ^ American Forensics Association, retrieved 16 May 2014 
  97. ^ Moss, Simeon (December 8, 1997), Three Cornell students win prestigious Marshall scholarships for 1997-98, retrieved June 4, 2015 
  98. ^ Phi Kappa Phi national website, retrieved 18 May 2014 
  99. ^ Sigma Gamma Epsilon website, retrieved 18 May 2014 
  100. ^ a b Baird's notes this chapter as inactive, however reactivation simply requires a faculty sponsor.
  101. ^ Nu Sigma Nu in 1903, Chicago, Illinois: The Grand Council of Nu Sigma Nu Medical Fraternity, The Lakeside Press, R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company, 1903 
  102. ^ "Kappa Beta Pi New Sorority at Cornell", Cornell Daily Sun, p. 3, June 2, 1921, retrieved June 4, 2015 
  103. ^ Cornell University Residence Plan of 1966 (Schedule I) (Apr. 16, 1966) at Appendix A, May 3, 1966.
  104. ^ a b C.U.R.P. ’66 at 1 (Policy Statement).
  105. ^ Compare C.U.R.P. ’66, Sections 5, 6 and 10.
  106. ^ "Rawlings issues action plan for Cornell campus housing", Cornell Chronicle, October 8, 1997 
  107. ^ a b Parsons, Kermit Carlyle (1968), The Cornell Campus: A History of Its Planning and Development, p. 139  citing Annual Report (June 20, 1883).
  108. ^ Olmsted, Frederick Law (1866), A Few Things to Be Thought of Before Proceeding to Plan Buildings for the National Agricultural Colleges, pp. 14, 19 
  109. ^ http://sammybeta.net/?page_id=7
  110. ^ 4732-McGraw Place 118,The Oaks Facility Information, Cornell University Infrastructure Properties and Planning, archived from the original on March 3, 2016, retrieved June 4, 2015 
  111. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Cornell University Fraternity and Sorority Advisory Council (Fall 2009), FSAC Annual Report 2008–2009 (PDF), p. 24 
  112. ^ "History of Cornell Acacia", CornellAcacia.org 
  113. ^ "Thurston Manor", AEPiBeta.org 
  114. ^ "Local History", AlphaSigCornell.org 
  115. ^ "Castle", BetaDelta.org 
  116. ^ "Living on the Knoll", CUDX.org 
  117. ^ "Our House", CornellTriDelta.org 
  118. ^ "The Campaign for Omicron Zeta", ISWZA.org 
  119. ^ "Our Home", SigmaChiCornell.org 
  120. ^ What's ahead, Scorpion TKE, retrieved February 29, 2016 

External links[edit]