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List of freedom indices

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This article contains a list of freedom indices produced by several non-governmental organizations that publish and maintain assessments of the state of freedom in the world, according to their own various definitions of the term, and rank countries as being free, partly free, or using various measures of freedom, including civil liberties, political rights and economic rights.

Prominent indices[edit]

The indices and their origins.

  • Canada
    • The Economic Freedom of the World Index is a report published by Canada-based Fraser Institute in conjunction with the Economic Freedom Network, a group of independent research and educational institutes in 90 nations and territories worldwide. It is a numeric index, and its results are not currently included in the table below.
  • Canada, United States, Germany
    • The Human Freedom Index presents the state of human freedom in the world based on a broad measure that encompasses personal, civil, and economic freedom.[1] The index presents a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom. The index covers the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, and Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. The Human Freedom Index was created in 2015, covering 152 countries for years 2008–2012. The Human Freedom Index 2016 was published in November 2016, covering 159 countries for years 2008–2015. The report is co-published by the Cato Institute, the Fraser Institute, and the Liberales Institut at the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Co-authors of the report are Ian Vásquez and Tanja Porčnik.
    • The Index of Freedom in the World was a predecessor to the Human Freedom Index. It measured classical civil liberties and was published in 2013 by Canada's Fraser Institute, Germany's Liberales Institute, and the U.S. Cato Institute.[2] It is not currently included in the table below.
  • France
    • Worldwide Press Freedom Index, is published each year since 2002 (except that 2011 was combined with 2012) by France-based Reporters Without Borders. Countries are assessed as having a good situation, a satisfactory situation, noticeable problems, a difficult situation, or a very serious situation.[3]
  • Spain
    • The World Index of Moral Freedom was first published on 2 April 2016, by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, based in Madrid, Spain. This index ranks 160 countries by five categories of indicators: religious freedom, bioethical freedom, drugs freedom, sexuality freedom and family and gender freedom. The index aims at establishing the degree of individual freedom or state control on decisions pertaining to the great moral debates of our time.[4]
  • Sweden
    • MaxRange, developed by Max Rånge, and maintained by Mikael Sandberg and Max Rånge, political scientists at Halmstad University, Sweden, is a data set defining a country's level of democracy and institutional structure (regime-type) on a 1000-point graded scale. Values are sorted based on level of democracy and political accountability. MaxRange defines the value corresponding to all states every month from 1789 to the present.[5]
    • Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Institute, the V-Dem Institute, the Department of Political Science at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, is an approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. It provides a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles. With six Principal Investigators (PIs), seventeen Project Managers (PMs) with special responsibility for issue areas, more than thirty Regional Managers (RMs), 170 Country Coordinators (CCs), Research Assistants, and 3,000 Country Experts (CEs), the V-Dem project is one of the largest social science data collection projects focusing on research.[6]
  • UK
    • The Democracy Index, published by the UK-based Economist Intelligence Unit, is an assessment of countries' democracy. Countries are rated as full democracies, flawed democracies, hybrid regimes, or authoritarian regimes. The index is based on 60 indicators grouped in five different categories measuring pluralism, civil liberties, and political culture.[7]
  • US

Annual assessments[edit]

Here is a table of the assessments by four indices, for most countries of the world. For exact rankings rather than assessments, refer to the individual index articles.

Index Scale
Freedom in the World[11] free partly free not free
Index of Economic Freedom[12] free mostly free moderately free mostly unfree repressed
Press Freedom Index[3] good situation satisfactory situation noticeable problems difficult situation very serious situation
Democracy Index[15] full democracy flawed democracy hybrid regime authoritarian regime authoritarian regime


List by country[edit]

Country Freedom in the World 2021[11] 2021 Index of Economic Freedom[12] 2021 Press Freedom Index[3] 2020 Democracy Index[15]
 Afghanistan 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Albania 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Algeria 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Andorra 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Angola 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Antigua and Barbuda 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Argentina 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Armenia 3 partly free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Australia 1 free 1 free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Austria 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Azerbaijan 5 not free 2 mostly free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Bahamas 1 free 3 moderately free n/a n/a
 Bahrain 5 not free 3 moderately free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Bangladesh 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Barbados 1 free 3 moderately free n/a n/a
 Belarus 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Belgium 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 2 flawed democracy
 Belize 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems n/a
 Benin 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Bhutan 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Bolivia 3 partly free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Botswana 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Brazil 1 free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Brunei 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation n/a
 Bulgaria 1 free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Burkina Faso 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Burma 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Burundi 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Cambodia 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Cameroon 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Canada 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Cape Verde 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Central African Republic 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Chad 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Chile 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 1 full democracy
 China 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Colombia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Comoros 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Costa Rica 1 free 3 moderately free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Congo, Republic of the 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Croatia 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Cuba 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Cyprus 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Czech Republic 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Denmark 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 Djibouti 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Dominica 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Dominican Republic 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 East Timor 1 free 5 repressed 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Ecuador 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Egypt 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 El Salvador 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Equatorial Guinea 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Eritrea 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Estonia 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Eswatini 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Ethiopia 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Fiji 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Finland 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 France 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Gabon 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Gambia 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Georgia 3 partly free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Germany 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Ghana 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Greece 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Grenada 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Guatemala 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Guinea 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Guinea-Bissau 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Guyana 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Haiti 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Honduras 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Hong Kong 3 partly free n/a 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Hungary 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Iceland 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 India 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Indonesia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Iran 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Iraq 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Ireland 1 free 1 free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 Israel 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Italy 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Ivory Coast 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Jamaica 1 free 3 moderately free 1 good situation 2 flawed democracy
 Japan 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 1 full democracy
 Jordan 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Kazakhstan 5 not free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Kenya 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Kiribati 1 free 5 repressed n/a n/a
 Korea, North 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Korea, South 1 free 2 mostly free 2good situation 1 full democracy
 Kosovo 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems n/a
 Kuwait 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Kyrgyzstan 5 not free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Laos 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Latvia 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Lebanon 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Lesotho 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Liberia 3 partly free 5 repressed 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Libya 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Liechtenstein 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Lithuania 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Luxembourg 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Madagascar 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Malawi 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Malaysia 3 partly free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Maldives 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems n/a
 Mali 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Malta 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Marshall Islands 1 free n/a n/a n/a
 Mauritania 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Mauritius 1 free 2 mostly free 3 noticeable problems 1 full democracy
 Mexico 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Micronesia, Federated States of 1 free 4 mostly unfree n/a n/a
 Moldova 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Monaco 1 free n/a n/a n/a
 Mongolia 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Montenegro 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Morocco 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Mozambique 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Namibia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Nauru 1 free n/a n/a n/a
   Nepal 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Netherlands 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 New Zealand 1 free 1 free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 Nicaragua 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Niger 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Nigeria 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 North Macedonia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Norway 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 Oman 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Pakistan 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Palau 1 free n/a n/a n/a
 Palestine 5 not free n/a 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Panama 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Papua New Guinea 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Paraguay 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Peru 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Philippines 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Poland 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Portugal 1 free 3 moderately free 1 good situation 2 flawed democracy
 Qatar 5 not free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Romania 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Russia 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Rwanda 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 1 free n/a 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Saint Lucia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Samoa 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 San Marino 1 free n/a n/a n/a
 São Tomé and Príncipe 1 free 4 mostly unfree n/a n/a
 Saudi Arabia 5 not free 3 moderately free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Senegal 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Serbia 3 partly free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Seychelles 1 free 3 moderately free 3 noticeable problems n/a
 Sierra Leone 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 Singapore 3 partly free 1 free 5 very serious situation 2 flawed democracy
 Slovakia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Slovenia 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Solomon Islands 1 free 4 mostly unfree n/a n/a
 Somalia 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation n/a
 South Africa 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 South Sudan 5 not free n/a 4 difficult situation n/a
 Spain 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Sri Lanka 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Sudan 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Suriname 1 free 5 repressed 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Sweden 1 free 2 mostly free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
  Switzerland 1 free 1 free 1 good situation 1 full democracy
 Syria 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Taiwan 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Tajikistan 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Tanzania 3 partly free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Thailand 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 2 flawed democracy
 Togo 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 5 authoritarian regime
 Tonga 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation n/a
 Trinidad and Tobago 1 free 4 mostly unfree 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Tunisia 1 free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 2 flawed democracy
 Turkey 5 not free 3 moderately free 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Turkmenistan 5 not free 5 repressed 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Tuvalu 1 free n/a n/a n/a
 Uganda 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Ukraine 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 3 noticeable problems 4 hybrid regime
 United Arab Emirates 5 not free 2 mostly free 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 United Kingdom 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 United States 1 free 2 mostly free 2 satisfactory situation 2 flawed democracy
 Uruguay 1 free 3 moderately free 2 satisfactory situation 1 full democracy
 Uzbekistan 5 not free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Vanuatu 1 free 3 moderately free n/a n/a
 Venezuela 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Vietnam 5 not free 3 moderately free 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Yemen 5 not free n/a 5 very serious situation 5 authoritarian regime
 Zambia 3 partly free 4 mostly unfree 4 difficult situation 4 hybrid regime
 Zimbabwe 5 not free 5 repressed 4 difficult situation 5 authoritarian regime

Disputed territories[edit]

Country Freedom in the World 2021[11] 2021 Index of Economic Freedom[12] 2021 Press Freedom Index[3] 2020 Democracy Index[15]
 Abkhazia 3 partly free n/a n/a n/a
 Crimea 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Gaza Strip 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Jammu and Kashmir 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Azad Kashmir 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Nagorno-Karabakh 3 partly free n/a n/a n/a
 Northern Cyprus 1 free n/a 3 noticeable problems n/a
 Novorossiya 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Somaliland 3 partly free n/a n/a n/a
 South Ossetia 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Tibet 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Transnistria 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 West Bank 5 not free n/a n/a n/a
 Western Sahara 5 not free n/a n/a n/a

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Human Freedom Index". www.cato.org/human-freedom-index. Archived from the original on September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  2. ^ Craggs, Ryan (January 14, 2013). "World Freedom Index 2013: Canadian Fraser Institute Ranks Countries". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d "Press Freedom Index 2021" Archived 2015-10-30 at the Wayback Machine, Reporters Without Borders, April 2021.
  4. ^ World Index of Moral Freedom 2016 Archived 2020-02-21 at the Wayback Machine, published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty
  5. ^ "MaxRange: Analyzing political regimes and democratization processes". Sweden: School of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Halmstad University. April 30, 2015. Archived from the original on August 17, 2018. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-07. Retrieved 2020-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Democracy index 2012: Democracy at a standstill" (PDF). Economist Intelligence Unit. 14 March 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
  8. ^ "CIRI Human Rights Data Project". humanrightsdat.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  9. ^ Michael Kirk (December 10, 2010). "Annual International Human Rights Ratings Announced". University of Connecticut. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  10. ^ "Human Rights in 2011: The CIRI Report". CIRI Human Rights Data Project. August 29, 2013. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d Archived 2020-10-03 at the Wayback Machine, Freedom House, March 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d e Heritage Foundation (2021). "Country Rankings". 2021 Index of Economic Freedom. Archived from the original on 2017-09-16. Retrieved 2014-08-07.
  13. ^ "Polity IV Project". Table footnote. Archived from the original on 4 May 2020. Retrieved 11 Jan 2020.
  14. ^ Freedom House (January 28, 2016). Freedom in the World 2016 (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on February 5, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  15. ^ a b c [1] Archived 2021-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, Economist, January 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.

External links[edit]