List of freshwater fish in California

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An extensive list of the freshwater fish found in California, including both native and introduced species.[1]

Common Name Scientific Name Image Native Non-Native Notes
Pacific Lamprey Lampetra tridentata
Pacific Lamprey.jpg
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River Lamprey Lampetra ayresl
Lampetra ayresii juvenile.jpg
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Pit-Klamath Brook Lamprey Lampetra lethophaga checkY
Klamath River Lamprey Lampetra simiiis checkY
Kern Brook Lamprey Lampetra hubbsi checkY
Western Brook Lamprey Lampetra ricchardsoni
Western brook lamprey (Lampetra richardsoni) (9258476476).jpg
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White Sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus
White Sturgeon - Acipenser tranmontanus Joseph R. Tomelleri.JPG
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Green Sturgeon Acipenser medirostris
Acipenser medirostris FWS 20924.jpg
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American Shad Alosa sapidissima
American shad fish alosa sapidissima.jpg
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Threadfin Shad Dorosoma petenense
Dorosoma petenense.jpeg
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Coho Salmon or Silver Salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch
Oncorhynchus keta.jpeg
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Chinook Salmon or King Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha.png
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Kokanee Salmon or Sockeye Salmon Oncorhynchus nerka
Oncorhynchus nerka.flipped.jpg
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Pink Salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha karafutomasu.jpg
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Chum Salmon Oncorhynchus keta
Salmon chum fish oncorhynchus keta.jpg
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Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss
Oncorhynchus mykiss mid res 150dpi.jpg
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Coastal Rainbow Trout or Steelhead Trout Oncorhyncus mykiss irideus checkY
California Golden Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss aguabonita checkY
Little Kern Golden Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss whitel checkY
Kern River Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss gilberti checkY
Sacramento Redband Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss stonei checkY
Eagle Lake Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss aquilarum checkY
Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii checkY
Coastal Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii checkY
Lahontan Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawl checkY
Paiute Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii seleniris checkY
Bull Trout Salvelinus confluentus checkY
Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalls checkY
Brown Trout Salmo trutta checkY
Lake Trout or Mackinaw Trout Salvelinus namaycush checkY
Mountain Whitefish Prosoplum williamsoni checkY
Delta Smelt Hypomesus transpacificus checkY
Wakasagi Hypomesus nipponensis checkY
Longfin Smelt Spirinchus thalechthys checkY
Eulachon Thaleichthys pacificus checkY
California Roach Lavinia symmetricus checkY
Hitch Lavinia exilicauda checkY
Lahontan Redside Richarsonius egregius checkY
Speckled Dace Rhinichthys osculus checkY
Tui Chub Siphateles bicolor checkY
Mojave Tui Chub Siphateles bicolor mohavensis checkY
Owens Tui Chub Siphateles bicolor snyderi checkY
Blue Chub Gila coerulea checkY
Arroyo Chub Gila orcutti checkY
Thicktail Chub Gila crassicauda checkY
Bonytail Gila elegans checkY
Sacramento Splittail Pogonichthys macrolepidotus checkY
Clear Lake Splittail Pogonichthys ciscoldes checkY
Hardhead Mylopharodon conocephalus checkY
Sacramento Blackfish Orthodon microlepidotus checkY
Sacramento Pikeminnow Ptychochellus grandis checkY
Colorado Pikeminnow Ptychochellus luclus checkY
Common Carp Cyprinus carpio checkY
Goldfish Carassius auratus checkY
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas checkY
Red Shiner Cyprinella lutrensis checkY
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas checkY
Tench Tinca tinca checkY
Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella checkY
Sacramento Sucker Catostomus occidentalls checkY
Goose Lake Sucker Catostomus occidentalis lacusanserinus checkY
Tahoe Sucker Catostomus tahoensis checkY
Owens Sucker Catostomus fumelventris checkY
Lost River Sucker Catostomus luxatus checkY
Klamath Largescale Sucker Catostomus snyderi checkY
Klamath Smallscale Sucker Catostomus rimiculus checkY
Modoc Sucker Catostomus microps checkY
Santa Ana Sucker Catostomus santaanae checkY
Razorback Sucker Xyrauchen texanus checkY
Shortnose Sucker Chasmistes brevirostris checkY
Brown Bullhead Amelurus nebulosus checkY
Mountain Sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus checkY
Black Bullhead Amelurus melas checkY
Yellow Bullhead Amelurus natalls checkY
Channel Catfish Ictalurus puctatus checkY
Blue Catfish Ictalurus furcatus checkY
White Catfish Ameriurus catus checkY
Flathead Catfish Plyodictis olivaris checkY
Amargosa Pupfish Cyprinodon nevadensis checkY
Desert Pupfish Cyprinodon macularius checkY
Salt Creek Pupfish Cyprinodon salinus checkY
Owens Pupfish Cyprinodon radiosus checkY
California Killifish Fundulus parvipinnis checkY
Rainwater Killifish Lucania parva checkY
Western Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis checkY
Sailfin Molly Poecilla latipinna checkY
Porthole Livebearer Poecillopsis gracilis checkY
Inland Silverside Menidia beryllina checkY
Threespine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus checkY
Brook Stickleback Culaea inconstans checkY
Striped Bass Morone saxatilis checkY
White Bass Morone chrysops checkY
Sacramento Perch Archoplites interruptus checkY
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus checkY
Redear Sunfish Lepomis microlophus checkY
Pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus checkY
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus checkY
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus checkY
White Crappie Pomoxis annularis checkY
Black Crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus checkY
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides checkY
Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieu checkY
Spotted Bass Micropterus punctulatus checkY
Redeye Bass Micropterus coosae checkY
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens checkY
Bigscale Logperch Percina macrolepida checkY
Mozambique Tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus checkY
Redbelly Tilapia Tilapia zillii checkY
Blue Tilapia Oreochromis aureus checkY
Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus checkY
Tuleperch Hysterocarpus traski checkY
Shiner Perch Cymatogaster aggregata checkY
Striped Mullet Mugil cephalus checkY
Yellowfin Goby Acanthogoblus flavimanus checkY
Shimofuri Goby Tridentiger bifasclatus checkY
Tidewater Goby Eucyclogoblus newberryi checkY
Prickly Sculpin Cottus asper checkY
Riffle Sculpin Cottus gulosus checkY
Pit Sculpin Cottus pitensis checkY
Coastrange Sculpin Cottus aleuticus checkY
Reticulate Sculpin Cottus perplexus checkY
Marbled Sculpin Cottus klamathensis checkY
Rough Sculpin Cottus asperrimus checkY
Paiute Sculpin Cottus beldingi checkY
Pacific Staghorn Sculpin Leptocottus armatus checkY
Starry Flounder Platichthys stellatus checkY
Northern Pike Esox lucius checkY

References[edit]

  1. ^ McGinnis, Samuel (2006). Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes of California. University of California Press Berkeley and Los Angeles, California. pp. 123–369.