List of fugal works by Johann Sebastian Bach

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This page lists the fugal works of Johann Sebastian Bach, defined here as the fugues, fughettas, and canons, as well as other works containing fugal expositions but not denoted as fugues, such as some choral sections of the Mass in B minor, the St Matthew Passion, the St John Passion, and the cantatas.

This sub-list of the complete list of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach is intended to facilitate the study of Bach's counterpoint techniques. Each work cited in this list will be annotated with the fugal subject(s) and any countersubjects in musical notation.

Organ fugues[edit]

Keyboard fugues[edit]

The Well-Tempered Clavier (BWV 846–893)[edit]

  • BWV 846 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 1 in C major
  • BWV 846a – Prelude and Fugue in C major (alternative version of BWV 846)
  • BWV 847 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 2 in C minor
  • BWV 848 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C-sharp major
  • BWV 849 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 4 in C-sharp minor
  • BWV 850 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 5 in D major
  • BWV 851 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 6 in D minor
  • BWV 852 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 7 in E-flat major
  • BWV 853 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 8 in E-flat minor
  • BWV 854 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 9 in E major
  • BWV 855 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 10 in E minor
  • BWV 855a – Prelude and Fugue in E minor (alternative version of BWV 855)
  • BWV 856 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 11 in F major
  • BWV 857 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 12 in F minor
  • BWV 858 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 13 in F-sharp major
  • BWV 859 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 14 in F-sharp minor
  • BWV 860 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 15 in G major
  • BWV 861 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 16 in G minor
  • BWV 862 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 17 in A-flat major
  • BWV 863 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 18 in G-sharp minor
  • BWV 864 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 19 in A major
  • BWV 865 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 20 in A minor
  • BWV 866 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 21 in B-flat major
  • BWV 867 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 22 in B-flat minor
  • BWV 868 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 23 in B major
  • BWV 869 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 24 in B minor
  • BWV 870 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 1 in C major
  • BWV 870a – Prelude and Fugue in C major (alternative version of BWV 870)
  • BWV 870b – Prelude in C major (alternative version of BWV 870)
  • BWV 871 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 2 in C minor
  • BWV 872 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C-sharp major
  • BWV 872a – Prelude and Fugue in C-sharp major (alternative version of BWV 872)
  • BWV 873 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 4 in C-sharp minor
  • BWV 874 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 5 in D major
  • BWV 875 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 6 in D minor
  • BWV 875a – Prelude in D minor (alternative version of BWV 875)
  • BWV 876 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 7 in E-flat major
  • BWV 877 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 8 in D-sharp minor
  • BWV 878 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 9 in E major
  • BWV 879 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 10 in E minor
  • BWV 880 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 11 in F major
  • BWV 881 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 12 in F minor
  • BWV 882 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 13 in F-sharp major
  • BWV 883 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 14 in F-sharp minor
  • BWV 884 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 15 in G major
  • BWV 885 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 16 in G minor
  • BWV 886 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 17 in A-flat major
  • BWV 887 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 18 in G-sharp minor
  • BWV 888 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 19 in A major
  • BWV 889 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 20 in A minor
  • BWV 890 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 21 in B-flat major
  • BWV 891 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 22 in B-flat minor
  • BWV 892 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 23 in B major
  • BWV 893 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 24 in B minor

Preludes and fugues, toccatas and fantasias (BWV 894–923)[edit]

  • BWV 894 – Prelude and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 895 – Prelude and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 896 – Prelude and Fugue in A major
  • BWV 897 – Prelude and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 898 – Prelude and Fugue in B-flat major on the name B-A-C-H (doubtful)
  • BWV 899 – Prelude and Fughetta in D minor
  • BWV 900 – Prelude and Fughetta in E minor
  • BWV 901 – Prelude and Fughetta in F major
  • BWV 902 – Prelude and Fughetta in G major
  • BWV 902a – Prelude in G major (alternative version of BWV 902)
  • BWV 903 – Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue in D minor
  • BWV 903a – Chromatic Fantasia in D minor (alternative version of BWV 903)
  • BWV 904 – Fantasia and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 905 – Fantasia and Fugue in D minor
  • BWV 906 – Fantasia and Fugue in C minor (Fugue unfinished)
  • BWV 907 – Fantasia and Fughetta in B-flat major
  • BWV 908 – Fantasia and Fughetta in D major
  • BWV 909 – Concerto and fugue in C minor
  • BWV 910 – Toccata in F-sharp minor
  • BWV 911 – Toccata in C minor
  • BWV 912 – Toccata in D major
  • BWV 913 – Toccata in D minor
  • BWV 914 – Toccata in E minor
  • BWV 915 – Toccata in G minor
  • BWV 916 – Toccata in G major

Fugues and fughettas (BWV 944–962)[edit]

  • BWV 944 – Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 945 – Fugue in E minor
  • BWV 946 – Fugue in C major
  • BWV 947 – Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 948 – Fugue in D minor
  • BWV 949 – Fugue in A major
  • BWV 950 – Fugue in A major on a theme by Tomaso Albinoni
  • BWV 951 – Fugue in B minor on a theme by Tomaso Albinoni
  • BWV 951a – Fugue in B minor (alternative version of BWV 951)
  • BWV 952 – Fugue in C major
  • BWV 953 – Fugue in C major
  • BWV 954 – Fugue in B-flat major on a theme by Johann Adam Reincken
  • BWV 955 – Fugue in B-flat major
  • BWV 956 – Fugue in E minor
  • BWV 957 – Fugue in G major
  • BWV 958 – Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 959 – Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 960 – Fugue in E minor
  • BWV 961 – Fughetta in C minor
  • BWV 962 – Fughetta in E minor

Lute fugues[edit]

Choral fugues[edit]

  • BWV 232 – Mass in B minor: Credo in unum deum, Confiteor unum baptisma, etc.
  • BWV 105 – Herr, gehe nicht ins Gericht mit deinem Knecht: 1. Chorus (begins at m.47)

Concerto movements[edit]

  • BWV 1047 – Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F major: 3. Allegro assai
  • BWV 1050 – Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in D Major: 3. Allegro
  • BWV 1061 – Concerto for 2 harpsichords and strings in C major: 3. Fuga

Sonata movements[edit]

Sonatas and partitas for solo violin (BWV 1001–1006)[edit]

  • BWV 1001 – Sonata No. 1 in G minor: 2. Fuga (Allegro) – Transcribed for organ as BWV 539 and for lute as BWV 1000
  • BWV 1003 – Sonata No. 2 in A minor: 2. Fuga – Transcribed for harpsichord as BWV 964
  • BWV 1005 – Sonata No. 3 in C major: 2. Fuga (Alla breve)

Sonatas for violin and harpsichord (BWV 1014–1019)[edit]

  • BWV 1014 – Sonata No. 1 in B minor: 2. Allegro and 4. Allegro
  • BWV 1015 – Sonata No. 2 in A major: 2. Allegro assai and 4. Presto
  • BWV 1016 – Sonata No. 3 in E major: 2. Allegro and 4. Allegro
  • BWV 1017 – Sonata No. 4 in C minor: 2. Allegro and 4. Allegro
  • BWV 1018 – Sonata No. 5 in F minor: 2. Allegro and 4. Vivace
  • BWV 1019 – Sonata No. 6 in G major: 5. Allegro

Other sonatas[edit]

  • BWV 965 – Sonata in A minor: 2. Fugue
  • BWV 1021 – Sonata in G major: 4. Presto

Canons (BWV 1072–1078)[edit]

  • BWV 1072 – Canon trias harmonica a 8
  • BWV 1073 – Canon a 4 perpetuus
  • BWV 1074 – Canon a 4
  • BWV 1075 – Canon a 2 perpetuus
  • BWV 1076 – Canon triplex a 6
  • BWV 1077 – Canone doppio sopr'il soggetto
  • BWV 1078 – Canon super fa mi a 7 post tempus musicum
  • Later additions to the BWV catalogue:

Late contrapuntal works (BWV 1079–1080)[edit]

Doubtful fugues[edit]

  • BWV 131a – Fugue in G minor, BWV 131a for organ. Doubtful arrangement of a choral fugue from BWV 131
  • BWV 1026 – Fugue in G minor for violin and harpsichord. Once considered spurious, current thinking is that this is an early work by Bach.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Novello published: J. S. Bach: Prelude, Trio and Fugue in B Flat. Walter Emery contributed an erudite and extensive editorial note highlighting two key issues: Is the work really by Bach as the title claims? And why, on the original manuscript, now in the British Museum catalogued as RCM 814, did Benjamin Cooke seek to attribute it to his predecessor John Robinson, organist of Westminster Abbey up to 1762? Organists immediately recognise it is a version of the Prelude and Fugue in C (BWV 545). Cellists soon identify the central Trio as being almost identical with the Finale of the G minor Gamba Sonata (BWV 1029). In addition there is an interpolated 14 bar Adagio and a 5 bar Tutti just before the Fugue which are otherwise unknown. Walter Emery states "There are doubts about the authenticity of the scheme as a whole. ... If entirely authentic it represents a structural experiment unique among his organ works." The composition was unknown to Wolfgang Schmieder when he compiled his Index in 1950 so at the time of publication it had no BWV number. Bärenreiter, when preparing their complete edition of the organ works in 2009, for which they claim "all sources have been extensively researched", included it in Volume 11 as BWV 545b. The second question is: Why did Dr Cooke make a copy of the work and claim it was by John Robinson? At the end of the Fugue, Cooke wrote: "By the late Mr. John Robinson Organist Predecessor to B.C." A faint, anonymous pencilled note follows saying: "It is curious that Dr Cooke should not have known this fine fugue was the composition of Sebastian Bach, not John Robinson". Cooke had been associated with Robinson for twenty years and would have known he was no composer. Walter Emery posits every possibility including the slim one that Cooke had a hope of showing posterity his predecessor was a composer. To summarise, the reader must choose between two possibilities:
    1. That the Benjamin Cooke copy is an entirely genuine Bach composition.
    2. That someone came upon the Prelude and Fugue in C for organ, and the Trio in some form or other, decided to put them together, transposed the prelude and fugue and added the Adagio and Tutti. There would be a need for sufficient technique to play the demanding Trio; also the Westminster Abbey organ had no pedals until 1778. Walter Emery posited that the question of transposition is probably the key to the Cooke text, and must be discussed in detail. ... A copy of the music is available from the 'print on demand' service offered by Chester Music / Novello & Co at Musicroom.com. One of Walter Emery's expressed aims was "to dispel doubts by putting the work in general circulation so that it can be freely discussed by experts." The first performance was given in Canada in 1958 by Hugh McLean (former Organ Scholar to Boris Ord at King's); public performances since then have been rare.
  2. ^ It is published as a Bach piece by Baerenreiter.