List of individual gemstones
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A number of gemstones have gained fame, either because of their size and beauty or because of the people who owned or wore them. A list of famous gemstones follows.
- Smithsonian museums' Alexandrite, the largest cut alexandrite weighing 65.08 carats. This stone has the unique ability to change colors, specifically from red/purple to green/blue. Although it does not literally change colors, in certain lights different colors will show.
- The Dom Pedro - The world's largest cut and polished aquamarine. Housed in the permanent collection of the Houston Museum of Natural Science
- Bahia Emerald
- Carolina Emperor, 310 carats uncut, 64.8 carats cut; discovered in the United States in 2009, resides in the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh
- Chalk Emerald
- Duke of Devonshire Emerald
- Emerald of Saint Louis, 51.60 carats cut; discovered in Austria, probably Habachtal, resides in the National Museum of Natural History, Paris
- Gachalá Emerald
- Mogul Mughal Emerald
- Patricia Emerald, 632 carats uncut, dihexagonal (12 sided); discovered in Colombia in 1920, resides in the American Museum of Natural History, New York
- The Andamooka Opal, presented to Queen Elizabeth II, also known as the Queen's Opal
- The Flame Queen Opal
- The Halley's Comet Opal, the world's largest uncut black opal
- The Olympic Australis Opal, reported to be the largest and most valuable gem opal ever found
- Arco Valley Pearl
- La Peregrina
- Satlada – A seven-stringed pearl necklace of the Nizams. Most pearls are white but can be other colors as well.
- The Pearl of Lao Tzu - Philippines
- The Pearl of Puerto - Largest pearl
- The DeLong Star Ruby
- The Midnight Star Ruby
- The Neelanjali Ruby
- The Rajaratna Ruby
- The Rosser Reeves Ruby
- The Logan sapphire
- The Ruspoli Sapphire
- The St Edward's Sapphire
- The Star of Asia Star Sapphire
- The Star of Bombay, given to Mary Pickford by Douglas Fairbanks, Sr
- The Star of India
- The Stuart Sapphire
- The Black Star of Queensland
- The Star of Adam, with a weight of 1,404.49 carats (280.898 g) The largest star sapphire in the world.
- The Black Prince's Ruby, actually a spinel mounted on the Imperial State Crown
- The Samarian Spinel, the world's largest spinel
- The Timur Ruby, believed to be a ruby until 1851, hence its name
- The American Golden Topaz, the largest cut yellow topaz, weighing nearly 23000 carats (4.6 kg).
- The Chalmers Topaz, a 5,899.5-carat (1.17990 kg) cut topaz.
Black Prince's Ruby (front cross)
- Allen, Nick (September 24, 2010). "Judge to decide who owns 250 million Bahia emerald.html". The Daily Telegraph, UK. Retrieved December 31, 2010.
- Gast, Phil (2010-09-01). "North Carolina emerald: Big, green and very rare". CNN. Cable News Network (Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.). Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- Stancill, Jane (2012-03-16). "N.C. gems to shine at museum". The News & Observer. The News & Observer Publishing Co. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
- "Emeraude de Saint Louis - St Louis Emerald". CRPG: Le Centre de Recherches Pétrographiques et Géochimiques. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
- "Gachala Emerald". National Museum of Natural History. Smithsonian Institution. 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Patricia Emerald". AMNH. Retrieved 2017-12-09.