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Calliandra emarginata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Clade: Mimosoideae
Informal groups

See text

Mimosoideae distribution.svg
Distribution of the Mimosoideae
  • Acaciaceae E. Meyer
  • Mimosaceae R. Brown

The Mimosoideae comprise a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae (Leguminosae) characterized by flowers with small petals and numerous prominent stamens.

In some classifications (e.g. the Cronquist system), "Mimosoideae" refers to what was formerly considered the tribe Mimoseae.


Some classification systems, for example the Cronquist system, treat the Fabaceae in a narrow sense, raising the Mimisoideae to the rank of family as Mimosaceae. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group treats Fabaceae in the broad sense. The Mimosoideae were historically subdivided into four tribes (Acacieae, Ingeae, Mimoseae, and Mimozygantheae). However, modern molecular phylogenetics have shown that these groupings were artificial. Several informal subgroups have been proposed, but not yet described formally as tribes.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Additionally, the genus Acacia was recently segregated into five genera (Acacia sensu lato, Acaciella, Mariosousa, Senegalia, and Vachellia).[7][8]

Basal Mimosoideae[edit]

Acacia clade[edit]

The lead tree, Leucaena leucocephala, is used for fiber and livestock fodder.


The following fossil wood morphogenera have been described:[19][20]

  • Acacioxylon Schenk 1883
  • Adenantheroxylon Prakash & Tripathi 1968
  • Albizinium Prakash 1975
  • Albizzioxylon Nikitin 1935
  • Anadenantheroxylon Brea et al. 2001
  • Cathormion Gros 1990
  • Dichrostachyoxylon Müller-Stoll & Mädel 1967
  • Eucacioxylon Müller-Stoll & Mädel 1967
  • Ingoxylon Müller-Stoll & Mädel 1967
  • Menendoxylon Lutz 1979
  • Metacacioxylon Gros 1981
  • Microlobiusxylon Franco & Brea 2010
  • Mimosoxylon Müller-Stoll & Mädel 1967
  • Mimosaceoxylon Lakhanpal & Prakash1970
  • Paraalbizioxylon Gros 1992
  • Paracacioxylon Müller-Stoll & Mädel 1967
  • Piptadenioxylon Suguio & Mussa 1978
  • Piptadenioxylon Suguio & Mussa 1978
  • Prosopisinoxylon Martínez
  • Tetrapleuroxylon Müller-Stoll & Mädel 1967


Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[21][22][23][24][25][26][27]







Adenanthera Group


Newtonia Group


Entada Group


Prosopis Group

Mimozyganthus Group


Leucaena Group

Dichrostachys Group

Acacia Clade[27]


Parkia Group

Piptadenia Group



Abarema Group

Ingeae Grade

Pithecellobium Group




  1. ^ Bouchenak-Khelladi Y, Maurin O, Hurter J, van der Bank M. (2010). "The evolutionary history and biogeography of Mimosoideae (Leguminosae): An emphasis on African acacias". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 57 (2): 495–508. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.019. 
  2. ^ Brown GK. (2008). "Systematics of the tribe Ingeae (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) over the past 25 years" (PDF). Muelleria. 26 (1): 27–42. 
  3. ^ Lewis GP, Elias TS. (1981). "Mimoseae". In Polhill RM, Raven PH. Advances in Legume Systematics, Parts 1 and 2. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 155–168. ISBN 9780855212247. 
  4. ^ a b c Luckow M, White PJ, Bruneau A. (2000). "Relationships among the basal genera of mimosoid legumes". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A, Pollard PS. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 165–180. ISBN 9781842460177. 
  5. ^ a b c Luckow M, Miller JT, Murphy DJ, Livshultz T. (2003). "A phylogenetic analysis of the Mimosoideae (Leguminosae) based on chloroplast DNA sequence data" (PDF). In Klitgaard BB, Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 10: Higher Level Systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 197–220. ISBN 9781842460542. 
  6. ^ Hughes CE, Bailey CD, Krosnick S, Luckow MA. (2003). "Relationships among genera of the informal Dichrostachys and Leucaena groups (Mimosoideae) inferred from ribosomal ITS sequences" (PDF). In Klitgaard BB, Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 10: Higher Level Systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 221–238. ISBN 9781842460542. 
  7. ^ Murphy DJ, Brown GK, Miller JT, Ladiges PY. (2010). "Molecular phylogeny of Acacia Mill. (Mimosoideae: Leguminosae): Evidence for major clades and informal classification". Taxon. 59 (1): 7–19. JSTOR 27757046. 
  8. ^ Kyalangalilwa B, Boatwright JS, Daru BH, Maurin O, van der Bank M. (2013). "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 172 (4): 500–523. doi:10.1111/boj.12047. 
  9. ^ a b Cury de Barros T, Pádua Teixeira S. (2016). "Revisited anatomy of anther glands in mimosoids (Leguminosae)". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 177 (1): 18–33. doi:10.1086/683844. 
  10. ^ a b c Luckow M, Fortunato RH, Sede S, Livshultz T. (2005). "The phylogenetic affinities of two mysterious monotypic mimosoids from southern South America". Syst Bot. 30 (3): 585–602. doi:10.1600/0363644054782206. 
  11. ^ Jobson RW, Luckow M. (2007). "Phylogenetic study of the genus Piptadenia (Mimosoideae: Leguminosae) using plastid trnLF and trnK/matK sequence data". Syst Bot. 32 (3): 569–575. doi:10.1600/036364407782250544. 
  12. ^ Simon MF, Pastore JFB, Souza AF, Borges LM, Scalon VR, Ribeiro PG, Santos-Silva J, Souza VC, de Queiroz LP. (2016). "Molecular phylogeny of Stryphnodendron (Mimosoideae, Leguminosae) and generic delimitations in the Piptadenia Group". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 177 (1): 44–59. doi:10.1086/684077. 
  13. ^ Simon MF, Grether R, de Queiroz LP, Skema C, Pennington RT, Hughes CE. (2009). "Recent assembly of the Cerrado, a neotropical plant diversity hotspot, by in situ evolution of adaptations to fire". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 106 (48): 20359–20364. doi:10.1073/pnas.0903410106. 
  14. ^ Iganci JRV, Soares MV, Guerra E, Morim MP. (2016). "A Preliminary Molecular Phylogeny of the Abarema Alliance (Leguminosae) and Implications for Taxonomic Rearrangement". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 177 (1): 34–43. doi:10.1086/684078. 
  15. ^ a b Brown GK, Murphy DJ, Miller JT, Ladiges PY. (2008). "Acacia s.s. and its relationship among tropical legumes, tribe Ingeae (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae)". Syst Bot. 33 (4): 739–751. doi:10.1600/036364408786500136. 
  16. ^ a b de Souza ER, Lewis GP, Forest F, Schnadelbach AS, van den Berg C, de Queiroz LP. (2013). "Phylogeny of Calliandra (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) based on nuclear and plastid molecular markers". Taxon. 62 (6): 1200–1219. doi:10.12705/626.2. 
  17. ^ a b Brown GK, Murphy DJ, Ladiges PY. (2011). "Relationships of the Australo-Malesian genus Paraserianthes (Mimosoideae: Leguminosae) identifies the sister group of Acacia sensu stricto and two biogeographical tracks". Cladistics. 27 (4): 380–390. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00349.x. 
  18. ^ de Souza ER, Krishnara MV, de Queiroz LP. (2016). "Sanjappa, a new genus in the tribe Ingeae (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) from India" (PDF). Rheedea. 26 (1): 1–12. 
  19. ^ Martínez LCA. (2010). "Microlobiusxylon paranaensis gen. et sp. nov. (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae) from the Pliocene–Pleistocene of Ituzaingó Formation, Paraná Basin, Argentina". Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. 158 (3–4): 262–271. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2009.09.006. 
  20. ^ Franco MJ, Brea M. (2010). "Prosopisinoxylon anciborae nov. gen. et sp. (Leguminosae, Mimosoideae) from the Late Miocene Chiquimil Formation (Santa María Group), Catamarca, Argentina" (PDF). Rev. Bras. Paleontol. 13 (2): 103–114. doi:10.4072/rbp.2010.2.03. 
  21. ^ Bruneau A, Forest F, Herendeen PS, Klitgaard BB, Lewis GP. (2001). "Phylogenetic Relationships in the Caesalpinioideae (Leguminosae) as Inferred from Chloroplast trnL Intron Sequences". Syst Bot. 26 (3): 487–514. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.487. 
  22. ^ Miller JT, Grimes JW, Murphy DJ, Bayer RJ, Ladiges PY. (2003). "A phylogenetic analysis of the Acacieae and Ingeae (Mimosoideae: Fabaceae) based on trnK, matK, psbAtrnH, and trnL/trnF sequence data". Syst Bot. 28 (3): 558–566. JSTOR 25063895. doi:10.1043/02-48.1. 
  23. ^ Bruneau A, Mercure M, Lewis GP, Herendeen PS. (2008). "Phylogenetic patterns and diversification in the caesalpinioid legumes". Botany. 86 (7): 697–718. doi:10.1139/B08-058. 
  24. ^ Miller JT, Murphy DJ, Brown GK, Richardson DM, González-Orozco CE. (2011). "The evolution and phylogenetic placement of invasive Australian Acacia species". Diversity and Distributions. 17 (5): 848–860. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00780.x. 
  25. ^ Manzanilla V, Bruneau A. (2012). "Phylogeny reconstruction in the Caesalpinieae grade (Leguminosae) based on duplicated copies of the sucrose synthase gene and plastid markers". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 65 (1): 149–162. PMID 22699157. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.05.035. 
  26. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group]. (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: Progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades". Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. 
  27. ^ a b c Miller JT, Seigler D, Mishler BD. (2014). "A phylogenetic solution to the Acacia problem". Taxon. 63 (3): 653–658. doi:10.12705/633.2.