List of genetic codes

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While there is a lot of commonality, different parts of the tree of life use slightly different genetic codes.[1][2] Notably the mitochondrial codes vary.

When translating from genome to protein, the use of the correct genetic code is essential.


Three translation tables do have a peculiar status:

  • Table 7 is now merged into translation table 4.
  • Table 8 is merged to table 1; all plant chloroplast differences due to RNA edit.
  • Table 15 is deleted in the source but included here for completeness.

Other mechanisms also play a part in protein biosynthesis, such as post-transcriptional modification.


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