List of styles of music: A–F

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  • 2-step garage – chaotic style of UK garage.
  • 2 Tone – late-1970s UK ska revival which fused ska with punk rock.
  • 4-beat – breakbeat hardcore subgenre played between 150 and 170 BPM consisting of a fast looped breakbeat and a drum at every 4 beats.
  • 12-bar blues – A distinctive form predominantly based on the I-IV-V chords of a key.
  • 50s progression



  • A cappella – any singing performed without any background music/instruments.



  • Aleatoric – music the composition of which is partially left to chance
  • Alternative country – any style of country that deviates from the normal
  • Alternative dance – any combination of rock and electronic dance music
  • Alternative hip hop – any style of hip hop that deviates from the norm
  • Alternative metal – any style of heavy metal that deviates from the norm
  • Alternative R&B – any style of R&B that deviates from the norm
  • Alternative rock – any style of rock that deviates from the norm
  • Alternative reggaeton
  • Ambient – a form of incredibly slow electronic music that uses long repetitive sounds to generate a sense of calm and atmosphere
  • Ambient house – a combination of acid house and ambient music
  • Ambient pop – a subgenre of dream pop that developed in the 1980s
  • Americana – a combination of all forms of roots music – folk, country, and blues
  • Anarcho-punk – punk rock with anarchist themes
  • Ancient – music created in the early stages of literate cultures
  • Anatolian rock – a fusion of Turkish folk and rock
  • Anime – music, usually J-pop, used in anime soundtracks
  • Anti-folk – a mocking subgenre of folk that subverts the earnest, politically-informed lyrics of folk-revivalists


  • Apala – Nigerian music originally used by the Yoruba people to wake worshippers after fasting during Ramadan.
  • Arabesque - a term created by Turkish musicologists for an Arabic style of music created in Turkey
  • Arabic pop – pop music informed by traditional Arabic styles.
  • Argentine rock – rock music informed by traditional Argentine styles.
  • Ars antiqua – European music from the Late Middle Ages, which advanced concepts of rhythm.
  • Ars nova – style of French music from the Late Middle Ages, rejected fiercely by the Catholic Church.
  • Ars subtilior – style of French music from the Late Middle Ages.
  • Art pop – experimental or avant-garde pop music
  • Art punk – experimental or avant-garde punk music
  • Art rock – experimental or avant-garde rock music
  • Ashik – music performed by mystic or traveling Turkish, Azerbaijan, Georgian, Armenian, and Iranian bands, using vocals and the saz, performed since ancient times.
  • Assyrian pop music - pop, folk and dance music informed by traditional Assyrian styles.
  • Australian country – country music performed by Australians
  • Australian pub rock – style of hard rock founded in and drawing on themes native to Australian inner-city and suburban pubs and drinking establishments
  • Australian hip hop – hip hop performed by Australians
  • Avant-funk
  • Avant-garde – music considered to be ahead of its time, often using new, unusual, or experimental elements, or fusing pre-existing genres.
  • Avant-garde jazz – experimental or avant-garde jazz music
  • Avant-garde metal – experimental or avant-garde heavy metal or hard rock
  • Avant-pop - popular music that is experimental, new, and distinct from previous styles
  • Avant-prog - a style that appeared in the late 1970s as the extension of progressive rock
  • Avant-punk – experimental punk music
  • Axé – style of Salvadorian, Bahian, and Brazilian music informed by Afro-Cuban and Afro-Brazilian styles
  • Azonto - a dance and music genre from Ghana




  • Bachata – An Afro-Dominican style waltz, consisting of despairing, and romantic ballads, popular among Dominican artists
  • Baggy – a British style that combined alternative rock and acid house, often creating a psychedelic and funky sound
  • Baguala – folk music of the Indians of the Calchaquí valleys of Argentina
  • Baião – a Brazilian rhythmic formula built around the zabumba drum that later combined itself with elements of mestizo, European, and African styles
  • Bakersfield sound – a raw and gritty country style that acted as a reaction against the slick, overproduced Nashville sound
  • Baila – Sri Lankan style that begun among the Afro-Sinhalese (or Kariff) community
  • Baisha xiyue – orchestral Chinese style used by the Naxi people, often found in Taoist or Confucian ceremonies
  • Bajourou – initially an acoustic style of Malian pop music played at gatherings (particularly weddings), which has since become mostly electronic
  • Bal-musette – 19th century style of French accordion-based dance music
  • Balakadri – Guadeloupean music made from the quadrille, usually performed at balls
  • Balinese Gamelan – Javanese and Balinese style made from xylophones, drums, and plucked strings
  • Balearic beat, also known as Balearic house, electronic dance music that was popular into the mid-1990s.
  • Balkan Brass Band – Serbian music made by soldiers that combined military brass with folk music
  • Ballad – generic term for usually slow, romantic, despairing and catastrophic songs
  • Ballata – 13th–15th century Italian musical and poetic form based on an AbbaA structure that acted as a form of dance music
  • Ballet – specific style of French classical music created to accompany the ballet dance
  • Baltimore Club – combination of hip hop and house music


  • Bambuco – Colombian style based on waltz and polka
  • Banda – brass-based Mexican music
  • Bangsawan – style of Malay opera based on Indian styles introduced by immigrants
  • Bantowbol – Cameroonian style of accordion music
  • Barbershop – an art song in four part harmony in a capella styling
  • Barcarolle – traditional music style from Italy, sung by venetian gondollers.
  • Bard (Soviet Union) - simple, narrative based poetry with acoustic guitar backing
  • Barn dance – folk music played in a barnhouse
  • Baroque – style of Western art music made between the 17th and 18th centuries
  • Baroque pop – combination of classical music, orchestral pop, rock, and Baroque music
  • Barynya – Russian folk music style.
  • Bass – styles of EDM with an emphasis on bass, such as drum and bass, bass house, UK garage, and dubstep
  • Bassline – style of speed garage that combines elements of dubstep, particularly its emphasis on bass
  • Batá-rumba – Cuban rumba music that incorporates bata and guaguanco
  • Batucada – an African-influenced style of Brazilian samba
  • Baul – A style of folk music, specially in Bengali region.


  • Beach – Californian genre from the 1950s that combined elements of all popular genres at the time, particularly big band and shag jazz
  • Beat – British fusion of all popular 1960s American styles – R&B, pop, jazz, rock
  • Beatboxing – a capella music created to emulate hip hop beats
  • Beautiful – term of endearment for various easy listening genres
  • Bebop – fast-paced style of jazz popular in the 1940s and 1950s
  • Beguine/Biguine Music style from French territory in the caribbean, Martinique island and precursor of jazz
  • Beiguan – style of Chinese traditional music popular in Taiwan and the province of Zhangzhou
  • Bel canto – a light, sophisticated style of Italian opera singing
  • Bend-skin – urban Cameroonian music
  • Benga – Kenyan popular music based on Luo and Kikuyu folk music
  • Bent edge
  • Berejú – Colombian dance with African origins
  • Berlin School – heavily experimental electronic music that acted as a more avant-garde form of Krautrock and inspired ambient and New Age music
  • Bhajan – Hindu religious music
  • Bhangra – fusion of South Asian and British popular styles, initially developed by Punjabi Indian-English as a combination of their respective cultural styles, but later used to refer to any South Asian/European fusion
  • Bhangragga – a fusion of bhangra, reggae and dancehall



  • Brass – music performed with brass instruments, prior to the advent of jazz
  • Breakbeat – a style of EDM known for its 4/4 drum pattern and heavy use of turntable scratching
  • Breakbeat hardcore – a fusion of breakbeat and acid house
  • Breakcore – fast and frantic style of breakbeat known for its intentionally diverse range of samples, which make it a hard-to-define genre
  • Breakstep
  • Brega genre of Brazilian popular music
  • Breton – folk music of Brittany, France, known for its use of woodwind
  • Brill Building Sound – a distinct style of jazz and Latin-inspired pop developed in the Brill Building of New York, USA
  • Brit funk – funk performed by the British, often influenced by soul, jazz, and Caribbean music
  • Britpop – British rock music from the 1990s that subverted the depressing themes of the then-popular grunge movement in favor of jangly, optimistic, guitar-pop, often touching on the themes of partying and working class life.
  • British blues – blues performed by British musicians
  • British folk rock – associated with the folk revival of the 1960s, British folk rock tends to use modern, often electric, instruments alongside or in place of traditional and acoustic folk instruments
  • British Invasion – British musicians, primarily of the beat movement, who became popular in America during the 1960s
  • Broken beat – EDM played in a syncopated 4/4 rhythm, with punctuated snare beats
  • Brostep – an aggressive and metal-influenced style of dubstep popular in America
  • Brown-eyed soul – soul music performed by Latinos
  • Brukdown – Belizean music inspired by European harmonies, African rhythms, and the call-and-response format
  • Bubblegum dance – fusion of Eurodance and bubblegum pop
  • Bubblegum pop – pop music known for its simplicity, happy and cute lyrics, and emphasis on image rather than substance.
  • Buddhist music
  • Bullerengue – style of Colombian music with African rithms and chants.
  • Bikutsi – Cameroonian EDM, originating in the Beti community
  • Bulerías – fast-paced flamenco music
  • Bunraku – Japanese folk music often played at puppet theaters
  • Burger-highlife – style of highlife played by Ghanaian-Germans
  • Burgundian School – group of French, Belgian, and Dutch composers active in the 15th century, known for their secular forms
  • Bush ballad – Australian folk music often dealing with themes of Australian spirit and rebellion
  • Byzantine – Greek music performed during the age of the Byzantine Empire, known for its ecclesiastical form




  • Ca din tulnic – Romanian folk music played with the alpenhorn
  • Ca trù – a style of Vietnamese chamber music performed by one lute player and a geisha-esque female singer, used to entertain wealthy audiences, who would be included in the performances, and to perform in religious ceremonies
  • Cabaret – an often jazz-informed style of music played at upbeat stageplays or burlesque shows
  • Cadence-lypso – fusion of kadans and calypso
  • Cadence rampa – upbeat style of kadans
  • Cải lương – modern Vietnamese folk opera
  • Cajun – roots music of Louisiana, USA, inspired by Acadian ballads and Creole
  • Cakewalk
  • Calinda – Trinidadian folk music played during practices of the martial art of the same name
  • Čalgija – Macedonian folk style
  • Calypso – Trinidadian folk music, inspired by both African and French styles, and known for its lyrics dealing with the racist oppression of native Trinidadians at the time
  • Calypso-style baila – fusion of baila and calypso
  • Campursari – Indonesian fusion genre, combining several folk styles with pop music


  • Can Can
  • Candombe – fusion of African and Uruguayan styles developed by African-Uruguayan slaves in the 19th century
  • Canon – any music that combines a melody with copies of itself
  • Cantata – any music sung by a choir with instrumental backing
  • Cante chico – the vocal component to flamenco music
  • Cante jondo – flamenco music that incorporates deep vocals
  • Canterbury scene – group of British avant-garde, progressive rock, and jazz fusion musicians based in the English city of Canterbury, Kent
  • Cantiñas – upbeat form of Andalusian flamenco music
  • Cantiga – Portuguese ballad style from the Middle Ages
  • Canto livre – Portuguese folk music known for its far-left political messages
  • Cantopop – any Chinese pop music sung in Cantonese
  • Canzone Napoletana – Italian music sung in Neapolitan
  • Capoeira – Brazilian music played during performances of the martial art of the same name
  • Carimbó Music and dance from the north east of Brazil
  • Cariso – Trinidadian folk music, often considered an early form of calypso
  • Carnatic – southern Indian classical music
  • Carol – a festive song, often sung on Christmas or, rarely, Easter
  • Cartageneras – a style of flamenco known for its focus on folklore
  • Carnavalito


  • Cavacha – style of rhythm popular in Kenyan and Zairean music


  • Celempungan – Sudanese folk music
  • Cello rock – rock music that incorporates cellos
  • Celtic – folk music of the Celts, an ethnic group inhabiting Scotland, Ireland, Wales, the Isle of Man, some parts of France and Spain, and once England
  • Celtic fusion – popular music that includes a Celtic influence
  • Celtic hip hop – fusion of Celtic and hip hop music
  • Celtic metal – fusion of Celtic and heavy metal music
  • Celtic punk – fusion of Celtic and punk rock music
  • Celtic reggae – fusion of Celtic and reggae music
  • Celtic rock – fusion of Celtic and rock music


  • Cha-cha-cha – Cuban folk music
  • Chacarera – Argentinian folk and dance music
  • Chakacha – music of the Swahili people of Kenya and Tanzania
  • Chalga – fusion of Bulgarian etno-pop and dance music with Eastern and Arab elements, popular in Southern Bulgaria
  • Chamamé – style of Argentinian, Mesopotamian, and Brazilian folk music
  • Chamarrita – style of Argentinian and Uruguayan folk music
  • Chamber – classical music performed for a small audience by a small orchestra
  • Chamber jazz – fusion of chamber and jazz music
  • Chamber pop – Fusion of alternative rock and chamber music
  • Champeta – African-Colombian folk music
  • Changüí – Cuban music that fused African and Spanish styles
  • Chanson – French vocal-driven music
  • Chant – singing or speaking rhythmically to a very small number of pitches
  • Chap hop – a variety of music originating from England that mixes the hip hop genre with elements from the Chappist or steampunk subcultures
  • Charanga – traditional Cuban dance music
  • Charanga-vallenata – fusion of charanga, vallenata, and salsa
  • Charikawi – music accompanying of the dance of the same name of the Garifuna people of west Africa
  • Charleston (dance)
  • Chastushka – humorous and fast-paced Russian and Ukrainian folk music
  • Chầu văn – a downtempo, trance-inducing style of Vietnamese folk music


  • Chèo – a style of musical theater performed by Vietnamese peasants
  • Children's music – any music marketed towards children
  • Chicago blues – blues music performed by Chicago inhabitants
  • Chicago house – house music performed by Chicago inhabitants
  • Chicago soul – soul music performed by Chicago inhabitants
  • Chicken scratch – fusion of Native American, White American, Mexican, and European styles, performed by the Native American Tohono O'odham people
  • Chill-out – umbrella term for electronic music with a slow tempo, designed to calm people after raves
  • Chillwave – indie pop style known for its looped synths and calming effects
  • Chinese music – any music performed by Chinese people
  • Chinese rock – rock music performed by Chinese people, often fused with traditional styles
  • Chiptune – Electronic music that is made on vintage computers/game systems or emulations thereof. May also refer to electronic music that uses samples from video games or vintage computers.



  • Chula – dance and music genre which originated in Portugal,
  • Chumba – folk and dance style of the Garifuna people of west Africa
  • Church music
  • Chut-kai-pang – fusion of chutney, calypso, and parang
  • Chutney – Caribbean pop music that fuses calypso and cadence with several Indian styles
  • Chutney Soca – fusion of chutney and soca music


  • Cifra
  • Cielito
  • Classic country – umbrella term for country music released before the use of the term to describe it
  • Classic female blues – an early form of blues music known for its female vocalists
  • Classical – umbrella term for Western art music known for its use of large orchestras and staff notation
  • Classical period – a clearer, slicker form of Western art music performed in the 18th and 19th centuries, known for its emphasis on homophones and melody
  • Close harmony – any music with notes performed in a close range


  • Coladeira – Cape Verdean folk music
  • Coldwave – French post-punk
  • Combined rhythm – Dutch Antillean folk music inspired by zouk, merengue, and soca
  • Comedy music – any music that incorporates heavy themes of humor and comedy
  • Comedy rap – fusion of comedy and hip hop music
  • Comedy rock – fusion of comedy and rock music
  • Comic opera – fusion of comedy and opera music
  • Compas – a modernized form of Haitian meringue music
  • Concerto – a three-part classical piece in which one instrument takes lead and is backed by an orchestra
  • Concerto grosso – a form of baroque concerto in which the soloists and orchestra alternate playing
  • Conga – Cuban music played to accompany the dance of the same name
  • Conjunto – fusion of Mexican and German styles developed by Mexican-Americans who had bought German instruments in Texas
  • Contemporary Christian music – pop music with overt Christian themes
  • Contemporary R&B – a style of R&B music popular in the 21st century that combines soul-inspired vocals with hip-hop and EDM-inspired production
  • Contradanza – 19th century Cuban dance music
  • Cool jazz – a relaxed, downtempo form of jazz heavily inspired by classical music, that existed as a reaction to the fast-paced bebop
  • Coon song – music about black stereotypes
  • Corrido – Mexican storytelling ballad


  • Country – American roots music played with acoustic guitars, banjos, fiddles, and harmonicas
  • Country blues – fusion of country and blues music
  • Country folk – fusion of country and folk music
  • Country pop – fusion of country and pop music
  • Country rap – fusion of country and hip hop music
  • Country rock – fusion of country and rock music
  • Coupé-Décalé – Ivorian-French EDM drawing on zouk and African influences
  • Cowpunk – fusion of country and punk rock music


  • Crabcore
  • Cretan – Greek folk music performed by inhabitants of the island of Crete
  • Crossover thrash – fusion of thrash metal and hardcore punk
  • Crunk – fusion of hip hop and EDM, known for its heavy basslines and shouted, call-and-response vocals
  • Crunkcore – fusion of crunk and screamo
  • Crust punk – fusion of anarcho- and hardcore punk and extreme metal
  • Csárdás – Hungarian folk music
  • Cuándo – Chilean folk music genre.
  • Cuarteto – Argentinian merengue music, originating in the city of Cordoba, and influenced also by Spanish and Italian styles
  • Cueca – umbrella term for Argentinian, Chilean, and Bolivian styles
  • Cumbia – fusion of Colombian folk music and African and Spanish styles bought from slaves and colonists, respectively
  • Cumbia villera – cumbia performed by inhabitants of the shantytowns of Buenos Aires
  • Currulao
  • Cybergrind – fusion of grindcore and industrial
  • Cyber Metal




  • Dabke – Arabic folk dance music, often played at weddings
  • Dadra – light vocal style of Hindustani classical music, originating from the Bundelkhand region
  • Dadra tala – a style of Hindustani classical music which utilizes six beats in two equal rows of three
  • Daina – Latvian folk music
  • Daina – Lithuanian folk music
  • Dance – any music designed to make the listener dance. Also known as club music, an offshoot to electronic music which gave rise to EDM.
  • Dance-pop – pop music with an emphasis on dance rhythms, fusion of dance and pop musical styles.
  • Dance-punk – a grittier and rawer form of new wave music, linked heavily to the contemporary indie scene
  • Dance-rock – fusion of post-punk and post-disco, linked heavily to the new wave
  • Dancehall – Jamaican pop music that abandons reggae's roots influences for a slicker, EDM-inspired production
  • Dangdut – melodic and heavily optimistic form of Indonesian pop
  • Danger – any music that will, somehow, potentially harm either the performers or the audience, linked heavily to noise rock
  • Dansband – Swedish folk music
  • Danza – Puerto Rican style of music that accompanies the ballroom-influenced dance of the same name
  • Danzón – Cuban dance music
  • Dappan koothu – Indian folk dance music, popular in the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, often used as filmi music in the movies produced in those states
  • Dark ambient – style of ambient music that creates a feeling of dread and foreboding, rather than the relaxation given off by most ambient
  • Dark cabaret – fusion of cabaret and gothic rock
  • Darkcore – chaotic and sinister style of jungle, which relied on pitch-shifting and horror movie audio samples
  • Dark pop – fusion of industrial/goth rock synthesizers with hip hop/techno drums
  • Dark rock – fusion of gothic and alternative rock
  • Darkstep – style of darkcore jungle that takes its signature sinister feel and fuses it with upbeat breakbeats and ambient noises, creating an excessively chaotic tone
  • Dark wave – excessively pessimistic style of post-punk, which relied on tales of realistic sorrow, rather than the fantasy elements of the then-popular gothic rock


  • De dragoste – Romanian love music
  • Deathcore – fusion of death metal and metalcore
  • Deathgrind – fusion of death metal and grindcore
  • Death industrial – fusion of death and industrial metal, linked heavily to the power electronics scene
  • Death metal – Extreme metal known for its distorted guitar structure, growling vocals, blast beat drumming and dark or violent lyrics.
  • Death-doom – fusion of death and doom metal
  • Death rock – style of gothic rock known for its scratchy guitars, and lyrics focusing on supernatural and pessimistic themes, sometimes delving into intentionally campy horror themes
  • Décima – Hispanic genre of sung poetry
  • Delta blues – blues music performed by inhabitants of the Mississippi Delta
  • Deep funk
  • Deep house – form of Chicago house, inspired by jazz and soul music
  • Dementia – bizarre form of comedic avant-garde played by Dr. Demento
  • Descarga – a genre of improvised Afro-Cuban music
  • Desi – a style of Hindustani classical raga, associated with the Asavari and Kafi thaat
  • Detroit blues – blues music performed by inhabitants of Detroit, Michigan, USA
  • Detroit techno – techno performed by inhabitants of Detroit, Michigan, USA
  • Dhamar – a tala used in Hindustani classical music, associated with the dhrupad style, and played on a pakhawaj
  • Dhrupad – vocal style of Hindustani classical music, considered the oldest still being performed today
  • Dhun – a light instrumental form of Hindustani classical music


  • Diablada – Telluric Bolivian folk music style.
  • Digital hardcore – fusion of hardcore punk and hardcore techno, known for its far-left lyrics
  • Dirge – a song of mourning, often played at a funeral
  • Dirty rap – hip hop with sexual and pornographic themes
  • Disco – a form of music to dance to with elements of soul, pop and salsa.
  • Disco polo – Polish disco music
  • Diva house – style of house popular in LGBT nightclubs
  • Dixieland – an early form of jazz developed in New Orleans, USA
  • Djent – subgenre of progressive metal known for its elastic power chords
  • Doina – Romanian folk music, informed by Middle Eastern styles
  • Dondang Sayang – love ballads from the Malaysian state of Malacca, influenced by Portuguese styles
  • Donegal fiddle tradition – an Irish style of fiddle-playing from the Donegal county
  • Dongjing – Chinese traditional music of Nakhi people of the Yunnan province
  • Doo-wop – a simplistic and pop-oriented form of R&B known for its vocal harmonies and little to no instrumentation
  • Doom metal – A style of heavy metal known for its low-tuned sound, slow tempos, clean and non-growled vocals and pessimistic lyrics
  • Downtempo – a slow-paced style of electronic music that differs from ambient in that it also has a beat and rhythm
  • Dream pop – an atmospheric and melodic style of indie pop that makes the audience feel dreamy
  • Drone metal – fusion of drone and heavy metal music
  • Drill music - Chicago rap, see Drill (music genre) for more
  • Drone – experimental style of minimalism, known for drawn-out and repetitive tones, giving it a droning feel
  • Drum and bass – style of EDM known for rapid-fire breakbeats and heavy basslines
  • Drumstep – fusion of drum and bass and dubstep


  • Dub – subgenre of reggae in which pre-existing tracks are heavily remixed, emphasizing the drum and bass (or riddim) and dubbing snippets from other works
  • Dub techno - fusion of dub and techno
  • Dubtronica – fusion of dub and EDM
  • Dubstep – dub-inspired subgenre of UK garage known for its heavy basslines and reverberant drums
  • Dubstyle – fusion of dubstep and hardstyle
  • Dungeon synth
  • Dunun – family of west African drums
  • Dunedin sound – style of indie pop based in Dunedin, New Zealand
  • Dutch jazz – jazz performed by Dutch musicians




  • Early – umbrella term for any music made from the prehistoric era until the advent of baroque music
  • East Coast blues – umbrella term for any blues music made by inhabitants of the American East Coast, usually used to refer to the New York or Piedmont scenes
  • East Coast hip hop – any hip hop produced by inhabitants of New York
  • Easy listening – pop style aimed at older listeners
  • Electric blues – style of blues played with electric instruments, most notably the electric guitar
  • Electro – early form of EDM which made its sounds intentionally robotic and computer-like, usually to channel a theme of transhumanism
  • Electro backbeat – any EDM which utilizes a 4/4 drum pattern
  • Electro Blues - mix of blues and electronic dance music
  • Electro house
  • Electro-industrial – a style of post-industrial which used heavily produced and layered synths
  • Electro swing – fusion of EDM and swing-jazz
  • Electroacoustic music
  • Electroclash – fusion of 1980s synthpop and 1990s techno
  • Electronic body music – EDM-informed style of post-industrial
  • Electronic dance – EDM; a fusion of electronic and dance music
  • Electronic music – music that utilizes electronic instruments, such as the synthesizer, Theremin, and computer
  • Electronic rock – fusion of electronic and rock music
  • Electronica – popular music that includes electronic instruments
  • Electronicore – fusion of electronic and post-hardcore/metalcore music
  • Electropop – fusion of electronic and pop music
  • Electropunk – fusion of electronic and punk music
  • Electrostep – genre of syncopated music very similar to dubstep, the main difference being BPM, drum beat, and the general tone of the music.
  • Elevator music – comfortable and soothing music designed for and played in shopping malls, usually elevators therein, to create a sense of ambience and comfort
  • Emo – heavily emotional and pessimistic style of post-hardcore, as well as indie rock in its subsequent form
  • Emo hip hop - a fusion of emo and indie rock qualities with hip hop
  • Emo pop – fusion of emo and pop punk
  • Enka – a popular, modern adaptation of traditional Japanese music

Er- Ex[edit]

  • Eremwu eu – work songs of the female bakers of the Garifuna people of west Africa
  • Ethereal wave – atmospheric subgenre of dark wave
  • Eurobeat – antecedent to Italo disco
  • Eurodance – European dance music and evolution of Euro disco that adapted elements of house and hi-NRG
  • Euro disco – European disco music, which incorporated elements of pop rock and synthpop
  • Euro house – European house music, usually a house-based form of Eurodance or Euro disco
  • Europop – European pop music
  • Eurotrance – European trance music, usually a fusion of Eurodance with uplifting trance and/or hard trance.
  • Exotica – fusion of many popular international genres from the 1950s marketed at Americans, who were attracted to the exotic label
  • Experimental – any music that breaches contemporary standards of music
  • Experimental hip hop – fusion of experimental and hip hop music
  • Experimental pop – fusion of experimental and pop music
  • Experimental rock – fusion of experimental and rock music
  • Expressionist music
  • Extreme metal – umbrella term for aggressive, non-commercial forms of heavy metal




  • Fado – Portuguese folk music, often touching on the themes of melancholia and working class struggles
  • Falak – Afghan, Tajik, and Pakistani religious folk music
  • Fandango – Spanish music made to accompany the upbeat dance of the same name
  • Farruca – a light form of flamenco
  • Festejo – a festive form of Afro-Peruvian music
  • Filk – style of folk (sometimes expanding to other genres) with heavy science-fiction or fantasy themes
  • Film score – any music written to act as a soundtrack to a motion picture
  • Filmi – Indian film scores
  • Filmi-ghazal – fusion of filmi and ghazal poetry
  • Fingerstyle – the act of plucking guitar strings with the fingertips
  • Flamenco – popular style of Spanish folk dance music developed in Andalusia by Romani-Spanish (or Gitanos), but latter expanding to the general Spanish populus
  • Florida breaks
  • Folk jazz – fusion of folk and jazz music
  • Folk metal – fusion of folk and heavy metal
  • Folk – broad term used to refer to the traditional music of an ethnic group, usually that performed by the working class
  • Folk pop – fusion of folk and pop music
  • Folk punk – fusion of folk and punk rock
  • Folk rock – fusion of folk and rock music
  • Folktronica – fusion of folk and electronic music
  • Forró – popular Brazilian folk dance music
  • Foxtrot


  • Franco-country – style of country music performed by French-Canadians
  • Freakbeat – a frantic, raw style of beat and British Invasion music
  • Freak folk – experimental style of folk, often folk-rock
  • Free improvisation – completely uncontrolled improvisation
  • Free jazz – freely improvised jazz music
  • Freestyle – Latin American electro-pop
  • Free tekno – style of techno developed by anarchists
  • French house – house music produced by French artists
  • Frevo – umbrella term for Brazilian dance styles associated with the Brazilian Carnivale


  • Fuji – Nigerian folk music
  • Full on trance – style of psychedelic trance known for its rolling baselines and confrontational themes
  • Funaná – Cape Verdean accordion-based dance music
  • Funeral doom – incredibly slow style of doom metal, made to mimic funeral music
  • Funk – combination of elements of blues, jazz, and soul with the melodies and harmonies stripped in order to emphasize the bass guitar
  • Funk metal – fusion of funk and heavy metal
  • Funk rock – fusion of funk and rock music
  • Funky house – fusion of funk and house music
  • Furniture music – a calming, live form of background music
  • Future bass – This genre stems from trap, juke and UK garage. it is focused on 808 drums and sawtooth synths
  • Future garage – style of UK garage that fused it with elements of all other contemporary EDM styles
  • Future soul
  • Futurepop – style of EDM known for its similarities to synthpop, EBM and uplifting trance, as well as its heavy sampling

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