List of geological features on Iapetus

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Most Iapetian geological features are named after characters and locations in the Old French epic poem The Song of Roland, specifically the English translation by Dorothy L. Sayers.

Montes[edit]

A mons /ˈmɒnz/, pl. montes /ˈmɒntz/, is a mountain.

Mons or Montes Coordinate Diameter (km) Named after Pronunciation
Carcassone Montes 0°00′N 216°42′W / 0.0°N 216.7°W / 0.0; -216.7 740.0 Carcassonne, France /kɑːrkəˈsn/
Cordova Mons 0°00′N 206°12′W / 0.0°N 206.2°W / 0.0; -206.2 85.0 Córdoba, Spain /ˈkɔːrdvə/
Gayne Mons 0°00′N 176°00′W / 0.0°N 176.0°W / 0.0; -176.0 65.0 Gayne, Spain
Haltile Mons 0°00′N 190°24′W / 0.0°N 190.4°W / 0.0; -190.4 45.0 Haltile, Spain
Seville Mons 0°00′N 346°18′W / 0.0°N 346.3°W / 0.0; -346.3 69.0 Seville, Spain /sɪˈvɪl/
Sorence Mons 0°00′N 193°42′W / 0.0°N 193.7°W / 0.0; -193.7 46.0 Castle of Pinabel
Toledo Montes 0°00′N 136°00′W / 0.0°N 136.0°W / 0.0; -136.0 1100.0 Toledo, Spain /tˈld/
Tortelosa Montes 0°00′N 64°42′W / 0.0°N 64.7°W / 0.0; -64.7 294.0 Tortelosa, Spain
Valterne Mons 0°00′N 170°36′W / 0.0°N 170.6°W / 0.0; -170.6 50.0 Valterne, Spain

Regiones[edit]

There is one named Iapetian regio /ˈri/ (area of distinct albedo difference), Cassini:

Regio Coordinate Named after Pronounced
Cassini Regio 28°06′S 92°36′W / 28.1°S 92.6°W / -28.1; -92.6 (Cassini Regio) Giovanni Cassini, discoverer of Iapetus /kəˈsni/

The adjectival form is Cassinian /kəˈsɪniən/.

Terrae[edit]

There are two named Iapetian terrae /ˈtɛr/ (large 'land' masses).

Terra Coordinate Diameter (km) Named after Pronounced
Roncevaux Terra 37°00′N 239°30′W / 37.0°N 239.5°W / 37.0; -239.5 1284.0 Battle of Roncevaux Pass /rɒnsəˈv/
Saragossa Terra 45°00′S 180°00′W / 45.0°S 180.0°W / -45.0; -180.0 2300.0 Saragossa, Spain /særəˈɡɒsə/

The adjectival form of Roncevaux is Roncesvallian.

Craters[edit]

Named impact craters are:

Craters Coordinate Diameter (km) Named after Pronounced
Abisme 37°54′N 267°06′E / 37.9°N 267.1°E / 37.9; 267.1 767.7 Saracen lord /æˈbm/
Acelin 42°42′N 154°54′W / 42.7°N 154.9°W / 42.7; -154.9 38.0 Aceline of Gascony
Adelroth 6°36′N 183°36′W / 6.6°N 183.6°W / 6.6; -183.6 57.0 Marsilion's nephew
Almeric 53°24′N 276°00′W / 53.4°N 276.0°W / 53.4; -276.0 43.0 Almeric, one of the Twelve Peers
Anseïs 40°42′S 290°48′W / 40.7°S 290.8°W / -40.7; -290.8 48.0 One of the Twelve Peers
Astor 14°54′N 321°12′W / 14.9°N 321.2°W / 14.9; -321.2 122.0 A French baron
Baligant 16°24′N 224°54′W / 16.4°N 224.9°W / 16.4; -224.9 66.0 Baligant
Basan 33°18′N 194°42′W / 33.3°N 194.7°W / 33.3; -194.7 76.0 Bason
Basbrun 52°00′S 111°48′W / 52.0°S 111.8°W / -52.0; -111.8 80.0 Charlemagne's officer
Basile 0°42′S 187°54′W / 0.7°S 187.9°W / -0.7; -187.9 6.0 French baron
Berenger 62°06′N 219°42′W / 62.1°N 219.7°W / 62.1; -219.7 84.0 Bérengier
Besgun 76°00′N 309°48′W / 76.0°N 309.8°W / 76.0; -309.8 56.0 Besgun
Bevon 70°42′N 93°00′W / 70.7°N 93.0°W / 70.7; -93.0 48.0 French baron
Bramimond 38°00′N 178°00′W / 38.0°N 178.0°W / 38.0; -178.0 200.0 Bramimonde
Charlemagne 55°00′N 258°48′W / 55.0°N 258.8°W / 55.0; -258.8 95.0 Charlemagne /ˈʃɑːrlɪmn/
Clarin 18°18′N 71°36′W / 18.3°N 71.6°W / 18.3; -71.6 84.0 Saracen lord
Climborin 30°24′N 116°54′W / 30.4°N 116.9°W / 30.4; -116.9 49.0 Saracen lord
Corsablis 0°54′N 114°12′W / 0.9°N 114.2°W / 0.9; -114.2 73.0 Saracen lord
Dapamort 36°36′N 84°54′W / 36.6°N 84.9°W / 36.6; -84.9 49.0 Saracen king
Engelier 40°30′S 264°42′W / 40.5°S 264.7°W / -40.5; -264.7 504.0 One of the Twelve Peers
Escremiz 1°36′N 173°30′W / 1.6°N 173.5°W / 1.6; -173.5 0.06 Escremiz of Valterne
Eudropin 0°54′N 220°42′W / 0.9°N 220.7°W / 0.9; -220.7 42.0 Saracen lord
Falsaron 33°48′N 82°36′W / 33.8°N 82.6°W / 33.8; -82.6 424.0 Brother of King Marsilion
Ganelon 44°18′S 19°48′W / 44.3°S 19.8°W / -44.3; -19.8 230.0 Ganelon
Garlon 3°12′S 240°30′W / 3.2°S 240.5°W / -3.2; -240.5 47.0 Saracen lord
Geboin 58°36′N 173°24′W / 58.6°N 173.4°W / 58.6; -173.4 81.0 Geboin
Gerin 45°36′S 233°00′W / 45.6°S 233.0°W / -45.6; -233.0 445.0 One of the Twelve Peers
Godefroy 71°54′N 249°06′W / 71.9°N 249.1°W / 71.9; -249.1 63.0 Godefroy
Grandoyne 17°42′N 214°30′W / 17.7°N 214.5°W / 17.7; -214.5 65.0 Grandoyne
Hamon 10°36′N 270°00′W / 10.6°N 270.0°W / 10.6; -270.0 96.0 Hamon
Ivon 18°00′N 315°00′W / 18.0°N 315.0°W / 18.0; -315.0 100.0 One of the Twelve Peers
Johun 12°24′N 83°24′W / 12.4°N 83.4°W / 12.4; -83.4 64.0 Johun of Outremer; Saracen lord
Jurfaleu 13°00′N 2°30′W / 13.0°N 2.5°W / 13.0; -2.5 107.0 Son of Marsilion
Lorant 65°12′N 159°48′W / 65.2°N 159.8°W / 65.2; -159.8 44.0 Lorant
Malprimis 15°12′S 118°12′W / 15.2°S 118.2°W / -15.2; -118.2 377.0 Saracen lord
Malun 5°54′N 41°18′W / 5.9°N 41.3°W / 5.9; -41.3 121.0 Saracen lord
Margaris 27°42′N 135°48′W / 27.7°N 135.8°W / 27.7; -135.8 75.0 Saracen lord
Marsilion 39°12′N 176°06′W / 39.2°N 176.1°W / 39.2; -176.1 136.0 Marsilion /mɑːrˈsɪliən/
Matthay 3°30′S 187°24′W / 3.5°S 187.4°W / -3.5; -187.4 58.0 Saracen lord
Milon 67°54′N 207°12′W / 67.9°N 207.2°W / 67.9; -207.2 119.0 Milon
Naimon 9°18′N 329°18′W / 9.3°N 329.3°W / 9.3; -329.3 244.0 Naimon
Nevelon 33°12′S 197°00′W / 33.2°S 197.0°W / -33.2; -197.0 49.0 Shares command of Charlemagne's sixth division
Ogier 42°30′N 275°06′W / 42.5°N 275.1°W / 42.5; -275.1 100.0 Ogier the Dane
Oliver 62°30′N 200°48′W / 62.5°N 200.8°W / 62.5; -200.8 113.0 Olivier /ˈɒlɪvər/
Othon 33°18′N 347°48′W / 33.3°N 347.8°W / 33.3; -347.8 86.0 Othon
Pinabel 39°00′S 33°00′W / 39.0°S 33.0°W / -39.0; -33.0 83.0 Pinabel
Priamon 1°30′N 187°00′W / 1.5°N 187.0°W / 1.5; -187.0 17.0 Saracen lord
Rabel 64°24′S 166°12′W / 64.4°S 166.2°W / -64.4; -166.2 91.0 French baron /ˈræbəl/
Roland 73°18′N 25°12′W / 73.3°N 25.2°W / 73.3; -25.2 144.0 Roland /ˈrlənd/
Rugis 0°06′S 99°00′W / 0.1°S 99.0°W / -0.1; -99.0 19.0 Saracen lord /ˈrɪs/
Samson 6°30′N 298°36′W / 6.5°N 298.6°W / 6.5; -298.6 33.0 One of the Twelve Peers /ˈsæmsən/
Thierry 55°00′S 8°00′W / 55.0°S 8.0°W / -55.0; -8.0 110.0 French knight, friend of Roland
Tibbald 57°00′N 358°00′W / 57.0°N 358.0°W / 57.0; -358.0 160.0 Tibbald of Reims /ˈtɪbəld/
Timozel 9°54′S 212°18′W / 9.9°S 212.3°W / -9.9; -212.3 58.0 Saracen lord
Torleu 0°12′S 188°24′W / 0.2°S 188.4°W / -0.2; -188.4 8.0 Leader in Baligant's army
Turgis 16°54′N 28°24′W / 16.9°N 28.4°W / 16.9; -28.4 580.0 Saracen baron /ˈtɜːrɪs/
Turpin 47°42′N 1°24′W / 47.7°N 1.4°W / 47.7; -1.4 87.0 Turpin /ˈtɜːrpɪn/
Valdebron 29°36′N 104°24′W / 29.6°N 104.4°W / 29.6; -104.4 49.0 Saracen lord

References[edit]

  • Mackey & Mackey, 1922, The Pronunciation of 10,000 Proper Names, Dodd, Mead & Co., New York

External links[edit]