List of giant squid specimens and sightings

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The earliest known photograph of an intact giant squid, showing the arms, tentacles and buccal region of the head (including beak) of a specimen from Logy Bay, Newfoundland (#29 on this list), draped over Reverend Moses Harvey's sponge bath, November 1873. Harvey wrote in his journal: "I knew that I had in my possession what all the savants in the world did not […] what the museums in the world did not contain […] A photograph could not lie and would silence the gainsayers" (Frank, 2014:246; Offord, 2016). The photograph includes annotations by zoologist Addison Emery Verrill, including a 1-foot scale bar (top left) and detailed marginal notes.[nb 1]

This list of giant squid specimens and sightings is a comprehensive timeline of recorded human encounters with members of the genus Architeuthis, popularly known as giant squid. It includes animals that were caught by fishermen, found washed ashore, recovered (in whole or in part) from sperm whales and other predatory species, as well as those reliably sighted at sea. The list also covers specimens incorrectly assigned to the genus Architeuthis in original descriptions or later publications.

Tales of giant squid have been common among mariners since ancient times, but the animals were long considered mythical, and often associated with the kraken of Nordic legend (Rees, 1949; Salvador & Tomotani, 2014). Scientific acceptance did not materialise until specimens became available to zoologists in the second half of the 19th century, beginning with the formal naming of Architeuthis dux by Japetus Steenstrup in 1857, from fragmentary Bahamian material collected two years earlier (#14 on this list; Steenstrup, 1857:183; validated in Harting, 1860:11). The giant squid came to public prominence in 1861 when the French corvette Alecton encountered a live animal at the surface (#18) while navigating near Tenerife. A report of the incident filed by the ship's captain (Bouyer, 1861) was almost certainly seen by Jules Verne and adapted by him for the description of the monstrous squid in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (Ellis, 1998a:79).

The giant squid's existence was established beyond doubt only in the 1870s, with the appearance of an extraordinary number of complete specimens—both dead and alive—in Newfoundland waters (Earle, 1977). These were meticulously documented in a series of papers by Yale zoologist Addison Emery Verrill (Coe, 1929:36; G.E. Verrill, 1958:69).[nb 2] The earliest known photographs of the giant squid were of two of these Newfoundland specimens, both from 1873: first a single severed tentacle—hacked off a live animal as it "attacked" a fishing boat (#28; Murray, 1874b:121)—and weeks later an intact animal in two parts (#29);[nb 3] the head and limbs of this latter specimen were famously shown draped over the sponge bath of Moses Harvey, a local clergyman, essayist, and amateur naturalist (Aldrich, 1987:109; Frank, 2014). Harvey secured and reported widely on both of these important specimens—as well as numerous others—and it was largely through his efforts that giant squid became known to North American and British zoologists (Aldrich, 1987:115). Recognition of Architeuthis as a real animal led to the reappraisal of earlier reports of gigantic tentacled sea creatures, with some of these subsequently being accepted as records of giant squid, the earliest stretching back to at least the 17th century (Ellis, 1994a:379, 1998a:257; Sweeney & Roper, 2001).

For a time in the late 19th century almost every major specimen of which material was saved was described as a new species. In all, some twenty species names were coined (Sweeney & Young, 2003). However, there is no widely agreed basis for distinguishing between the named species, and both morphological and genetic data point to the existence of a single, globally distributed species, which according to the principle of priority must be Architeuthis dux (Aldrich, 1991:474; Förch, 1998:93; Winkelmann et al., 2013).

It is not known why giant squid become stranded on shore, but it may be because the distribution of deep, cold water where they live is temporarily altered. Marine biologist and Architeuthis specialist Frederick Aldrich proposed that there may be a periodicity to the strandings around Newfoundland, and based on historical data suggested an average interval between mass strandings of some 30 years. Aldrich used this value to correctly predict a relatively small stranding event between 1964 and 1966 (Aldrich, 1967a, 1968). Although strandings continue to occur sporadically throughout the world, few have been as frequent as those in Newfoundland in the late 19th century. A notable exception was a 15-month period between 2014 and 2015, during which an unprecedented 57 specimens were recorded from Japanese waters (Kubodera et al., 2016).

Despite the total number of recorded giant squid specimens now running into the hundreds, the species remains notoriously elusive and little known. By the turn of the 21st century, the giant squid remained one of the few truly large extant megafauna to have never been photographed alive, either in the wild or in captivity. Marine writer and artist Richard Ellis described it as "the most elusive image in natural history" (Ellis, 1998a:211). A number of expeditions were mounted around this time with the aim of capturing footage of a live giant squid in its natural habitat, but all were unsuccessful. They included Smithsonian-backed expeditions to Kaikoura Canyon off New Zealand in 1997 and 1999 (the former covered by National Geographic; Allen, 1997; McCarey & Rubin, 1998), both led by giant squid expert Clyde Roper, and the latter also involving Steve O'Shea (Roper et al., 1997; Roper et al., 1999). A couple of years later, in 2001, O'Shea succeeded in capturing the first footage of a live giant squid when he caught and filmed several paralarval individuals in captivity (Baird, 2002). This milestone was followed by the first images of a live adult giant squid (at the surface) on 15 January 2002 (#442; [Anonymous], 2002b; O'Shea, 2003e).[nb 4] Another unsuccessful attempt to film a live giant squid in the wild was made off the Spanish coast of Asturias in September 2002, led by Ángel Guerra (Sitges, 2003; Guerra, 2013). It was only on 30 September 2004 that a live giant squid was photographed in its natural deep-water habitat, off the Ogasawara Islands, by Tsunemi Kubodera and Kyoichi Mori (#466; Kubodera & Mori, 2005; Kubodera, 2010:25). Kubodera and his team, again working off the Ogasawara Islands, subsequently became the first to film a live adult giant squid on 4 December 2006 (#473; [Reuters], 2007; Kubodera, 2010:38), and the first to film a live giant squid in its natural habitat in July 2012 (#507; [NHK], 2013a, b; Widder, 2013). Since then, live giant squid have been photographed and filmed at the surface on a number of occasions, mostly in Japanese waters (#519, 523, 545, and 550), but also off Spain (#552) and South Africa (#553).

Overview[edit]

Sourcing and progenitors[edit]

Michael J. Sweeney (left) and Clyde F. E. Roper (center) with a giant squid (#240 on this list) being prepared for display at the National Museum of Natural History in 1983. Sweeney compiled the list on which the present one is based; Roper, an expert on Architeuthis, wrote its introduction (Sweeney & Roper, 2001).

The present list generally follows "Records of Architeuthis Specimens from Published Reports", compiled by zoologist Michael J. Sweeney of the Smithsonian Institution and including records through 1999 (Sweeney & Roper, 2001), with additional information taken from other sources (see Full citations). While Sweeney's list is sourced almost entirely from the scientific literature, many of the more recent specimens are supported by reports from the news media, including newspapers and magazines, radio and television broadcasts, and online sources.

Earlier efforts to compile a list of all known giant squid encounters throughout history include those of marine writer and artist Richard Ellis (Ellis, 1994a:379–384, 1998a:257–265), and these too have informed the present list. Records which appear in Ellis's 1998 list but are not found in Sweeney & Roper's 2001 list have a citation to Ellis (1998a) in the Additional references column of the main table.

Scope and inclusion criteria[edit]

The list includes records of giant squid (genus Architeuthis) either supported by a physical specimen (or parts thereof) or—in the absence of any saved material—where at least one of the following conditions is satisfied: the specimen was examined by an expert prior to disposal and thereby positively identified as a giant squid; a photograph or video recording of the specimen was taken, on the basis of which it was assigned to the genus Architeuthis by a recognised authority; or the record was accepted as being that of a giant squid by a contemporary expert or later authority (whether due to the perceived credibility of the source, the verisimilitude of the account, or for any other reason).

Nineteenth century engraving by W. A. Cranston of a giant squid attacking a boat. Only sightings deemed authentic by published experts are included in the list.

Purported sightings of giant squid lacking both physical and documentary evidence and expert appraisal (the most dubious tending towards "big fish stories") are generally excluded, with the exception of those appearing in the lists of Ellis (1994a:379–384), Ellis (1998a:257–265), or Sweeney & Roper (2001). Excluded but nonetheless noteworthy supposed sightings of gigantic squids (Architeuthis or otherwise) are covered in a separate article, together with purported specimens for which there is scant evidence or which are otherwise doubtful (on account, for example, of their reported extreme size or implausible anatomy).

The earliest records of very large squid date to classical antiquity, and the writings of Aristotle and Pliny the Elder (Muntz, 1995; Ellis, 1998a:11). But in the absence of detailed descriptions or surviving remains, it is not possible to assign these to the giant squid genus Architeuthis with any confidence, and they are therefore not included in this list. The earliest specimens identifiable as true giant squid are generally accepted to be ones from the early modern period in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries (Ellis, 1994a:379, 1998a:257; Sweeney & Roper, 2001).

All developmental stages from hatchling to mature adult are included. In the literature there is a single anecdotal account of a giant squid "egg case" (Gudger, 1953:199; Lane, 1957:129; Ellis, 1994a:144), but this is excluded due to a lack of substantiating evidence. Indirect evidence of giant squid (such as sucker scars found on sperm whales) falls outside the scope of this list.

Specimens misassigned to the genus Architeuthis in print publications or news reports are also included, but are clearly highlighted as misidentifications.

Number of specimens[edit]

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Giant squid at the surface with an approaching ship in the background, from a painting by Herbert B. Judy. Specimens found stranded or floating at the surface constitute almost 50% of all records from the Atlantic Ocean (Guerra et al., 2011).

According to Guerra et al. (2006), 592 confirmed giant squid specimens were known as of the end of 2004. Of these, 306 came from the Atlantic Ocean, 264 from the Pacific Ocean, 20 from the Indian Ocean, and 2 from the Mediterranean Sea. The figures for specimens collected in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans further broke down as follows: 126 in the northwestern Atlantic, 148 in the northeastern Atlantic, 6 in the southwestern Atlantic, 26 in the southeastern Atlantic, 28 in the northwestern Pacific, 43 in the northeastern Pacific, 183 in the southwestern Pacific, and 10 in the southeastern Pacific (Guerra et al., 2006).

Guerra & González (2009) reported that the total number of recorded giant squid specimens stood at 624. Guerra et al. (2011) gave an updated figure of 677 specimens (see table below). Paxton (2016a) put the total at around 700 as of 2015, of which c. 460 had been measured in some way. This number has increased substantially in recent years, with 57 specimens recorded from Japanese waters over an extraordinary 15-month period in 2014–2015 (Kubodera et al., 2016). The giant squid nevertheless remains a rarely encountered animal, especially considering its large size, with Ellis (1994a:133) writing that "each giant squid that washes up or is taken from the stomach of a sperm whale is still an occasion for a teuthological celebration".

Preserved giant squid specimens are much sought after for display (Landman & Ellis, 1998; Ablett, 2012), and around 30 are exhibited at museums and aquaria worldwide (Guerra et al., 2011). The Centro del Calamar Gigante in Luarca, Spain, had by far the largest collection on public display, but many of the museum's 14 or so specimens were destroyed during a storm on 2 February 2014 ([Anonymous], 2014b, c).

Records of giant squid specimens sorted by region and method of capture (from Guerra et al., 2011)
Region Number of specimens % of total Found stranded or floating (%) From fishing (%) From predators (%) Method of capture unknown (%)
NW Atlantic 148 21.9 61 30 1 8
NE Atlantic 152 22.5 49 31 15 5
SW Atlantic 6 0.9 50 16 1 33
SE Atlantic 60* 8.9 10 60 17 13
NW Pacific 30* 4.4 30 35 30 5
NE Pacific 43 6.4 7 56 30 7
SW Pacific 183 27.0 12 41 42 5
SE Pacific 10 1.5 90 10 0 0
Indian Ocean 33** 4.8 6 94 0 0
W Mediterranean 3 0.4 100 0 0 0
Equatorial/tropical 9 1.3 11 44 45 0
All regions 677 100.0
* Underestimates according to Guerra et al. (2011).
** Includes records from Durban, South Africa.

Caveats[edit]

Reported sizes[edit]

Giant squid found at Ranheim in Trondheimsfjord, Norway, on 2 October 1954 (#137 on this list), being examined by Professors Erling Sivertsen and Svein Haftorn. This specimen measured 9.24 m in total length and had a mantle length of 1.79 m.

Giant squid size, and particularly total length, has often been misreported and exaggerated. Reports of specimens reaching or even exceeding 18 m (59 ft) in length are widespread, but no animals approaching this size have been scientifically documented in recent times, despite the hundreds of specimens available for study. The 55 ft (16.76 m) "Thimble Tickle specimen" (#46) reported by Verrill (1880a:191) is often cited as the largest giant squid ever recorded, and the 55 ft 2 in (16.81 m) specimen described by Kirk (1888) as Architeuthis longimanus (#62)—a strangely proportioned animal that has been much commented on[nb 5]—is sometimes cited as the longest (O'Shea & Bolstad, 2008; Paxton, 2016a). It is now thought likely that such lengths were achieved by great lengthening of the two long feeding tentacles, analogous to stretching elastic bands, or resulted from inadequate measurement methods such as pacing (O'Shea & Bolstad, 2008; Dery, 2013; Roper & Shea, 2013:113).

Based on a 40-year data set of more than 50 giant squid (Architeuthis dux) specimens, Roper & Shea (2013:114) suggest an average total length at maturity of 11 m (36 ft) and a "rarely encountered maximum length" of 14–15 m (46–49 ft). Of the nearly 100 specimens examined by Clyde Roper, the largest was "46 feet (14 m) long" (Cerullo & Roper, 2012:22). O'Shea & Bolstad (2008) give a maximum total length of 13 m (43 ft) for females based on the examination of more than 130 specimens, measured post mortem and relaxed, as well as beaks recovered from sperm whales (which do not exceed the size of those found in the largest complete specimens). Steve O'Shea estimated the maximum total length for males at 10 m (33 ft) (O'Shea, 2003c). Older records of 18 m (59 ft) or more were likely exaggerated by stretching of the long feeding tentacles or resulted from inadequate measurement methods such as pacing (O'Shea & Bolstad, 2008; Roper & Shea, 2013:113). Charles G. M. Paxton performed a statistical analysis using literature records of giant squid specimens and concluded that "squid with a conservative TL of 20 m [66 ft] would seem likely based on current data" (Paxton, 2016a, b), but the study has been heavily criticised by experts in the field (Greshko, 2016).

Frequency distribution of total length, mantle length, and mass in Architeuthis dux, from McClain et al. (2015). The 2,000 lb (910 kg) extreme outlier is sourced from Verrill (1880a) and is unlikely to be accurate; the next most massive individual in the data set was only 700 lb (320 kg), and 95% of specimens were below 250 kg (550 lb) (McClain et al., 2015).

O'Shea & Bolstad (2008) give a maximum mantle length of 225 cm (7.38 ft) based on the examination of more than 130 specimens, as well as beaks recovered from sperm whales (which do not exceed the size of those found in the largest complete specimens), though there are recent scientific records of specimens that slightly exceed this size (such as #362, a 240 cm (7.9 ft) ML female captured off Tasmania, Australia, reported by Landman et al., 2004:686 and cited by Roper & Shea, 2013:114). Questionable records of up to 500 cm (16 ft) ML can be found in older literature (Roper & Jereb, 2010:121). Paxton (2016a) accepts a maximum recorded ML of 279 cm (9.15 ft), based on the Lyall Bay specimen (#48) reported by Kirk (1880:312), but this record has been called into question as the gladius of this specimen was said to be only 190 cm (6.2 ft) long (Greshko, 2016).

Including the head and arms but excluding the tentacles (standard length, SL), the species very rarely exceeds 5 m (16 ft) according to O'Shea & Bolstad (2008). Paxton (2016a) considers 9.45 m (31.0 ft) to be the greatest reliably measured SL, based on a specimen (#47) reported by Verrill (1880a:192), and considers specimens of 10 m (33 ft) SL or more to be "very probable", but these conclusions have been criticised by giant squid experts (Greshko, 2016).

O'Shea (2003c) put the maximum weight of female giant squid at 275 kg (606 lb), based on the examination of some 105 specimens as well as beaks recovered from sperm whales (which do not exceed the size of those found in the largest complete specimens; some of the heaviest recent specimens include #465 and 486). Giant squid are sexually size dimorphic, with the maximum weight for males estimated at 150 kg (330 lb) (O'Shea, 2003c), though heavier specimens have occasionally been reported (see #401 for 190 kg (420 lb) specimen and #519 for 163 kg (359 lb) specimen). Roper & Jereb (2010:121) give a maximum weight of up to 500 kg (1,100 lb), and "possibly greater". Discredited weights of as much as a tonne (2,200 lb) or more are not uncommon in older literature (O'Shea & Bolstad, 2008).

Species identifications[edit]

The taxonomy of the giant squid genus Architeuthis has not been entirely resolved. Lumpers and splitters may propose as many as eight species or as few as one, with most authors recognising either one cosmopolitan species (A. dux) or three geographically disparate species: A. dux from the Atlantic, A. martensi from the North Pacific, and A. sanctipauli from the Southern Ocean (Ellis, 1998a:73; Norman, 2000:150; Roper & Jereb, 2010:121). Historically, some twenty species names (excluding new combinations) and eight genus names have been applied to architeuthids (Sweeney & Young, 2003). No genetic or physical basis for distinguishing between the named species has been proposed (Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas, 2004:62), though specimens from the North Pacific do not appear to reach the maximum dimensions seen in giant squid from other areas (Roper & Jereb, 2010:123). There may also be regional differences in the relative proportions of the tentacles and their sucker counts (see Roeleveld, 2002). The phylogenetic analysis of Winkelmann et al. (2013) supports the existence of a single, globally distributed species (A. dux). The same conclusion was reached by Förch (1998) on the basis of morphological data.

List of giant squid[edit]

Giant squid (Architeuthis dux), modified from an illustration by Addison Emery Verrill, 1880, showing the exceptionally long feeding tentacles, which are often missing or damaged in recovered specimens. Some of the more extreme published giant squid measurements have been attributed to artificial lengthening of these tentacles (O'Shea & Bolstad, 2008). Almost the entire bulk of the animal takes up less than half of its total length; the absence of the tentacles, therefore, has a great effect on the animal's total length but very little on its mass.

Records are listed chronologically in descending order and numbered accordingly. Specimens incorrectly assigned to the genus Architeuthis are not counted and are instead denoted with an asterisk (*) and highlighted in pink (    ). Records that cover multiple giant squid specimens, or remains of more than a single animal (e.g. two lower beaks), are highlighted in grey (    ). Animals that were photographed or filmed while alive are highlighted in yellow (    ). Where a record falls into more than one of these categories, shading is used to indicate misidentifications ahead of multiple specimens, which in turn take precedence over animals that have been recorded alive.

  • Date – Date on which the specimen was first captured, found, or observed. Where this is unknown, the date on which the specimen was first reported is listed instead and noted as such. All times are local.
  • Location – Site where the specimen was found, including coordinates and depth information where available. Given as it appears in the cited reference(s), except where additional information is provided in brackets.
  • Oceanic sector – The quadrant of a major ocean in which the specimen was found (see Oceanic sectors).
  • Nature of encounter – Circumstances in which the specimen was recovered or observed. Given as they appear in the cited reference(s), although "washed ashore" encompasses all stranded animals.
  • Identification – Species- or genus-level taxon to which the specimen was assigned. Given as it appears in the cited reference(s). Listed chronologically if specimen was re-identified. These designations are primarily of historical interest as most authorities now recognise a single species of giant squid: Architeuthis dux. Where only a vernacular name has been applied to the specimen (e.g. "giant squid" or a non-English equivalent), this is given instead.
  • Material cited – Original specimen material that was recovered or observed. Names of anatomical features are retained from original sources (e.g. "jaws" may be given instead of the preferred "beak"; or "body" instead of "mantle").
  • Material saved – Material that was kept after examination and not discarded (if any).
  • Sex – Sex and sexual maturity of the specimen.
  • Size and measurements – Data relating to measurements and counts. Abbreviations used are based on standardised acronyms in teuthology (see Measurements), with the exception of several found in older references. Measurements are given as they appear in the cited reference(s), with both arithmetic precision and original units preserved (though metric conversions are shown alongside imperial measurements). It should be noted that some of the more extreme lengths and weights found in older literature have been discredited.
  • Repository – Institution in which the specimen material is deposited. The acronyms used are those defined by Leviton et al. (1985) and Leviton & Gibbs (1988) (see Repositories). Where the acronym is unknown, the full repository name is listed. Type specimens, such as holotypes or syntypes, are identified as such in boldface.
  • Main references – The most important sources, which provide specific data on a particular specimen (often primary sources). Presented in author–date parenthetical referencing style, with page numbers included where available (page numbers in square brackets refer to English translations of originally non-English works; see Full citations).
  • Additional references – Less important references that merely refer to the specimen without imparting substantive additional information (see Full citations). Includes possibly unobtainable sources such as old newspaper articles and personal correspondence.
  • Notes – Miscellaneous information, often including individuals involved in the specimen's recovery and subsequent treatment, and any dissections, preservation work or scientific analyses carried out on the specimen.
# Date Location Oceanic sector Nature of encounter Identification Material cited Material saved Sex Size and measurements Repository Main references Additional references Notes
1 c. 1546 Øresund, near Malmö, Denmark [since 1658 Malmö has been part of Sweden] NEA Found washed ashore; "caught live" [fide Muus (1959:170)] "Japetus Steenstrup delivered a lecture in 1854 with a strong suggestion that the 'soemunk' was an Architeuthis." [fide Muus (1959)]; Architeuthis monachus Steenstrup in Harting, 1860; Squatina squatina (angelshark) [fide Paxton & Holland (2005:39)] Entire? Undetermined WL?: ~3 m Steenstrup (1855a:63); Lönnberg (1891:36); Aldrich (1980); Roeleveld & Knudsen (1980:293); Ellis (1998a:60); Paxton & Holland (2005:39) Belon (1553:38); Belon (1555:32); Gessner (1558:438); Nordgård (1928:71); Muus (1959:170) Drawings of animal sent by Christian III of Denmark to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (then in Spain) sometime between 1545 and 1550. Mentioned in the writings of 16th century naturalists Pierre Belon, Guillaume Rondelet, and Conrad Gesner (in his encyclopedic Historia Animalium), though giant squid identity first proposed by Japetus Steenstrup in lecture on 26 November 1854. Muus (1959) wrote: "From contemporary descriptions with accompanying woodcuts it appears that the animal was regarded as a 'soemunk'." Paxton & Holland (2005:39) concluded that the specimen "was unlikely to have been a giant squid [...] The most likely alternative suspect would be the angelshark Squatina squatina".
2 Autumn 1639 "Thingøre Sand, Nordresyssel" or "Thingøresand, Hunevandsyssel", Iceland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire One arm BL+HL: ~6 ft (1.8 m); AL: ~3 ft (0.91 m); TL: ~16–18 ft (4.9–5.5 m); BC: ~3–4 ft (0.91–1.22 m) Thingøre monastery Steenstrup (1849:[9]); Steenstrup (1898:[272]); Ellis (1998a:65) Jónsson (1639); Ólafsson (1772:716); Verrill (1875b:84); Robson (1933:691); Muus (1959:170)
3 ~15 October 1673 Dingle-I-cosh, Kerry, Ireland NEA Found floating at surface, in process of washing ashore, alive Dinoteuthis proboscideus More, 1875; Architeuthis monachus [fide Verrill] Entire Two arms, buccal mass, and suckers taken to Dublin TL: ~11 ft (3.4 m) + 9 ft (2.7 m); AL: ~6–8 ft (1.8–2.4 m); "liver": 30 lb (14 kg) Undetermined [NMI?]; holotype of Dinoteuthis proboscideus More, 1875 More (1875a:4526); Verrill (1875c:214); Ellis (1998a:66) Massy (1909:30); Ritchie (1918:137); Robson (1933:692); Rees (1950:40); Hardy (1956:285); Collins (1998:489) Found by James Steward.
4 1680 Ulvangen Fjord, Alstadhoug parish, Norway NEA Not stated Entire? Pontoppidan (1752:34?/344?) Steenstrup (1857:[18]); Grieg (1933:19)
5 1770 Jutland, Denmark NEA Unknown Muss (1959) Ellis (1998a:257)
6 27 May 1785 Grand Banks, Newfoundland NWA Found floating dead Architeuthis sp. BL: 7 ft (2.1 m) Thomas (1795:183); Aldrich (1991:457) Data from Capt. G. Cartwright.
7 November or December 1790 Arnarnaesvik, Modruvalle, Iceland NEA Found washed ashore Entire None; used for cod bait "longest tentacula": >3 fathoms (5.5 m); "body right from the head": 3.5 fathoms (6.4 m); "so thick that a fullgrown man could hardly embrace it with his arms" Steenstrup (1849:[11]); Steenstrup (1898:[276]); Ellis (1998a:68) February 1792 diary of Sveinn Pálsson (in library of Icelandic Literary Society, in Copenhagen); Verrill (1875b:84); Robson (1933:691) Called Kolkrabbe ('coal-crab') by local people.
8 17-- (reported 1795) Freshwater Bay, near mouth of St. John's harbour, Newfoundland NWA Unknown Architeuthis sp. Thomas (1795:183); Aldrich (1991:457)
9 17-- Grand Banks, Newfoundland NWA Unknown Architeuthis sp. Aldrich (1991:457)
10 1798 Denmark NEA Unknown Packard (1873) Ellis (1998a:257)
11 1802 off Tasmania, Australia SWP EL?: 6–7 ft (1.8–2.1 m) Péron (1807) Ellis (1998a:257)
12 1817 Atlantic Ocean ? WT: 400 lb (180 kg) Quoy & Gaimard (1824) Ellis (1998a:257)
13 December 1853 Raabjerg beach, North Jutland, coast of Skagerack, Denmark NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis monachus Entire Jaws only; radula discarded after poor preservation; jaws cut out; portion used for bait; remainder buried after 2 days 80–85 kg; jaw measurements Steenstrup (1898:[270]) ZMUC; holotype of Architeuthis monachus Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Kristensen & Knudsen (1983:222)] Steenstrup (1855b:[14]); Harting (1860:11); Steenstrup (1898:[258], pl.); Kristensen & Knudsen (1983:222) Steenstrup (1857:[18]); Gervais (1875:91); Verrill (1875b:84); Posselt (1890:144); Nordgård (1928:71) "Architeuthis monachus" Steenstrup = nomen nudum [fide Robson (1933:690)].
14 5 November 1855 western part of the Atlantic Ocean (31°N 76°W / 31°N 76°W / 31; -76 (Giant squid specimen)); Bahamas (Captain Hygom) [fide Ellis (1998a:258)] NWA Not stated; presumably found floating at surface Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857; Architeuthis titan [fide Verrill (1875)] Arm, suckers, and gladius Arm, suckers, and gladius Male WL: 377 cm; AL: 1/2 whole length [fide Steenstrup]; beak measurements; GL: 6 ft (1.8 m) [fide Verrill citing Harting] ZMUC; holotype of Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Kristensen & Knudsen (1983:222)]; ZMB Moll. 34798 (single sucker) Steenstrup (1857:[18]); Steenstrup (1882:[160]); Steenstrup (1898:[260, 298], pls. 3–4); Kristensen & Knudsen (1983:222); Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas (2000:273) Verrill (1875b:84); Posselt (1890:144); Toll & Hess (1981b:753) Obtained by Capt. V. Hygom. Japetus Steenstrup donated single sucker to Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, which was incorporated into collection in 1883 according to catalogue entry.
15 December 1855 Aalbaekbugten, Denmark NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire? Undetermined None Muus (1959:170) Posselt (1890:144)
16 Unknown (reported 1860) Unknown ? Not stated Architeuthis dux [fide Harting (1860)]; Architeuthis hartingii (Verrill, 1875) [fide Verrill (1880a)]; nomen nudum [fide Dell (1970:27)] Jaws, buccal mass, detached arm suckers Jaws, buccal mass, detached arm suckers ASD: 1.05 in (2.7 cm) Utrecht University Natural History Museum; holotype of Loligo hartingii Verrill, 1875. Harting specimen No. 1 Harting (1860:2, figs. 1–8); Kent (1874d:491); Verrill (1875b:85); Verrill (1880a:240); Pfeffer (1912:37) Dell (1970:27)
17 1860 between Hillswick and Scalloway, Shetland, Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis monachus Steenstrup, 1857; Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Stephen (1962:154)] Undetermined TL: 16 ft (4.9 m); AL: ~8 ft (2.4 m); BL: ~7 ft (2.1 m) Jeffreys (1869:124); Stephen (1944:263) Pfeffer (1912:26); Rees (1950:40); Collins (1998:489)
18 30 November ?1861 [=1860 Rees & Maul] about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Teneriffe, Canary Islands NEA Found floating at surface Loligo bouyeri [fide Crosse & Fischer] Entire, decomposed None BL: 15–18 ft (4.6–5.5 m) None Bouyer (1861); Crosse & Fischer (1862); Kent (1874a:180); Verrill (1875b:86) Kent (1874d:491); Gervais (1875:93); Rees & Maul (1956:266) Observed only by officers of the French gunboat Alecton; sketch made. A report of the incident filed by the ship's lieutenant was almost certainly seen by Jules Verne and adapted by him for the description of the monstrous squid in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (Ellis, 1998a:79).
19 1862 North Atlantic ? Unknown Crosse & Fischer (1862) Ellis (1998a:258)
* Unknown; 1870? Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, Canada NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis megaptera Verrill, 1878 [=Sthenoteuthis pteropus (Steenstrup, 1855) fide Dunning (1998:428)] Entire Entire BL: 14 in (36 cm); BL+HL: 19 in (48 cm); EL: 43 in (110 cm); TL: 22–24 in (56–61 cm); AL: 6.5–8.5 in (17–22 cm); FW: 13.5 in (34 cm); FL: 6 in (15 cm); extensive additional measurements NSMC; catalog no. 1870-Z-2; holotype of Architeuthis megaptera Verrill, 1878 [fide Macalaster (1977:14)]; Verrill specimen No. 21 Verrill (1878:207); Verrill (1880a:193) Non-architeuthid. Collected by J.M. Jones.
20 September 1870 Waimarama, east coast of Wellington, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Entire Beak BL+HL: 10 ft 5 in (3.18 m); BC: 6 ft (1.8 m); AL: 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) In Kirk's possession; Kirk specimen No. 1 Kirk (1880:310); Verrill (1881b:398) Meinertzhagen letter 27 June 1879 to Kirk; Pfeffer (1912:32); Dell (1952:98) Mr. Meinertzhagen sent beak, saved by third party (unidentified), to Kirk. Natives called specimen a "taniwha".
21 1870 (winter) Lamaline, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis monachus of Steenstrup Two specimens; entire? Two; EL: 40 ft (12 m) and EL: 47 ft (14 m) Unknown; Verrill specimens No. 8 & 9 Murray (1874a:162); Verrill (1875a:36); Verrill (1880a:187) Harvey (1874a:69); Kent (1874a:182) Data from Mr. Harvey letter citing Rev. M. Gabriel's statement to Harvey.
22 October 1871 Grand Banks, Newfoundland NWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875 Entire; part used as bait Jaws obtained from Baird for examination by Verrill BL: ~15 ft (4.6 m); BD: 19 in (48 cm); AL (mutilated): ~10 ft (3.0 m); AD: 7 in (18 cm); AC: 22 in (56 cm); beak; BC: 4 ft 8 in (1.42 m); WT: 2,000 lb (910 kg) Jaws at NMNH [fide Verrill (1874a:158); no longer extant?]; lower jaw is syntype of Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875b; Verrill specimen No. 1 Packard (1873:91); Verrill (1874a:158); Verrill (1874b:167); Verrill (1875b:79, fig. 27); Verrill (1880a:181, 210, pl. 18 fig. 3) Verrill (1880a:178); Pfeffer (1912:20) Taken by Capt. Campbell, Schooner B.D. Haskins.
23 1871 Wellington, New Zealand SWP EL?: 16 ft (4.9 m) Dell (1952) Ellis (1998a:258)
24 1872 (autumn or winter) Coomb's Cove, Newfoundland NWA Found alive in shallow water, having been driven ashore in heavy sea Entire; "one long arm missing" (later changed to both present) BL: 10 ft (3.0 m); BD: 3–4 ft (0.91–1.22 m); TL: 42 ft (13 m); AL: ~6 ft (1.8 m); AD: 9 in (23 cm); skin + flesh: 2.25 in (5.7 cm) thick; EL: 52 ft (16 m) Unknown; Verrill specimen No. 3 Verrill (1874a:159); Verrill (1874b:167); Verrill (1875a:35); Verrill (1880a:183) Owen (1881:163) Specimen had a reddish colour. Verrill's data taken from newspaper accounts and 15/VI/1873 T.R. Bennett letter to Prof. Baird. Verrill (1880a:186) states his No. 6 is same specimen as No. 3; this cannot be correct, since capture date for No. 6 is clearly stated as December 1874 by Verrill (1875c:213).
25 December 1872 Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore ?Architeuthis dux [fide Verrill (1874a)]; ?Architeuthis harveyi [fide Verrill (1880a)] Entire (damaged arms) Pair of jaws and two suckers TL: 32 ft (9.8 m); AL: ~10 ft (3.0 m); BL: ~14 ft (4.3 m) (estimate); BC: 6 ft (1.8 m) NMNH; Verrill specimen No. 4 (1875a:33); and possibly also Verrill specimen No. 11 (1875b:79) Verrill (1874a:160); Verrill (1874b:167); Verrill (1875a:33); Verrill (1875b:79); Verrill (1880a:184, 187, pl. 16 figs. 5–6, pl. 25 fig. 5) Pfeffer (1912:19) Material from Rev. A. Munn, through Prof. Baird to Verrill.
26 Unknown (reported 1873) North Atlantic Ocean NWA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875 Upper and lower jaws Upper and lower jaws Beaks Presented by Capt. N.E. Atwood of Provincetown, Massachusetts to EI [fide Verrill (1875b)]; PASS [fide Verrill (1880a)]; syntype of Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875b; Verrill specimen No. 10 Packard (1873:91, fig.); Verrill (1875a:22); Verrill (1875b:79, figs. 25–26); Verrill (1880a:187, 210, pls. 17–20) Verrill states Packard's illustration is inaccurate.
27 1873 Yedo fishmarket, Japan NWP Purchased Megateuthis martensii Hilgendorf, 1880; Nomen spurium [fide Pfeffer (1912:31)] 'Entire', missing head, "abdominal sac", ends of tentacles and arms [fide Owen (1881:163)] Not specified ML: 186 cm; WL: 414 cm; HL: 41 cm; AL(longest): 197 cm; ASD: 1.5 cm (with 37 cusps); EyD: 200 mm ZMB Moll. 34716 + 38980; holotype of Megateuthis martensii Hilgendorf, 1880 [34716a: eyeball, 200 mm diameter, dry; 34716b: pieces of arm and gladius, suckers; 34716c: larger piece of arm with suckers; 38980: four suckers from holotype arm piece] Hilgendorf (1880:67); Pfeffer (1912:31); Sasaki (1929:227); Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas (2000:276) Owen (1881:163) Second specimen from Tokyo fishmarket seen by Franz Martin Hilgendorf and used for description of gladius. Of other specimen, Hilgendorf saved assorted parts: "Theile eines Armes, die Hüllen des Auges, und ein Bruchstück des Schulpes" (Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas, 2000:276). Model of specimen placed in Exhibition of Fishery in Berlin.
28 26 October 1873 off Portugal Cove, Conception Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found floating at surface Megaloteuthis harveyi Kent, 1874; Architeuthis monachus of Steenstrup [fide Verrill (1875a:34)]; ?Architeuthis harveyi [fide Verrill (1880a:181)] Entire One tentacle; one arm discarded (see Verrill, 1880a:220) TL (incomplete): 19 ft (5.8 m); TSD: 1.25 in (3.2 cm); TC: 3.5 in (8.9 cm); additional measurements based on photograph (1875a:34); additional club measurement from Harvey letter (1875b:79); BL: ~10 ft (3.0 m) YPM?; holotype of Megaloteuthis harveyi Kent, 1874; Verrill specimen No. 2 Harvey (1873a); Harvey (1873b); Harvey (1873c); Harvey (1874a:67, pl.); Murray (1874a:161); Murray (1874b:120); Verrill (1874a:159); Verrill (1874b:167); Kent (1874a:178, 182); Kent (1874d:32); Verrill (1875a:34); Verrill (1875b:78); Verrill (1880a:181); Verrill (1882b:74) "February Naturalist pg. 120"; "13 December Field"; Rathbun (1881:266); Owen (1881:161); Pfeffer (1912:19); Aldrich (1991:457) Found floating at surface, struck by Mr. T. Picot from boat, attacked boat.
29 25 November? 1873 Logy Bay (~3 miles from St. John's), Newfoundland NWA In herring net ?Architeuthis monachus of Steenstrup [fide Verrill (1874a)]; Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874) [fide Verrill (1880a)] Entire (badly mutilated, head severed, etc.) Miscellaneous parts obtained from Rev. M. Harvey (gladius and ?) (see Verrill, 1880a:220) BL: ~7 ft (2.1 m); BC: 5–6 ft (1.5–1.8 m); caudal fin: 22 in (56 cm) broad; TL: 24 ft (7.3 m); TC: 2.5 in (6.4 cm); AL (all 8): 6 ft (1.8 m); AC (base): 10 in (25 cm), 9 in (23 cm), 8 in (20 cm), 7 in (18 cm); ASC: ~100; CSC: ~160; club description; extensive description of reconstructed parts In Verrill's possession; Verrill specimen No. 5 Verrill (1874a:160); Verrill (1874b:167); Kent (1874a:181); Kent (1874d:32); Verrill (1875a:23); Verrill (1876:236); Verrill (1880a:184, 197, pls. 13–16a); Pfeffer (1912:18); Aldrich (1991:457, fig. 1A,B) Harvey in Morning Chronicle (newspaper) of St. John's; Maritime Monthly Magazine of St. John's, March 1874; several other newspapers Verrill's data from letter to Dr. Dawson from M. Harvey. Photographs made of a) entire body, somewhat mutilated anteriorly; b) head and 10 limbs. Poorly preserved; first in brine, then in alcohol. Capture date given as December several times, then as November several times and as November 25 by Aldrich (1991:457). Matthew Gavin Frank wrote a work of creative nonfiction on this specimen and the famous photograph of it draped over Harvey's shower curtain rod (Frank, 2014).
30 Unknown (reported 1874) Unknown; South-American coast [fide Kent (1874a:179)] SWA? Not stated Architeuthis monachus [fide Kent (1874a:178)]; Plectoteuthis grandis Owen, 1881; Architeuthis sp.? (grandis) [fide Verrill (1881b:401)]; nomen nudum [fide Dell (1970:27)] Sessile arm Arm AL: 9 ft (2.7 m); AC: 11 in (28 cm) BMNH; holotype of Plectoteuthis grandis Owen, 1881 Kent (1874a:179); Kent (1874d:493); Verrill (1875b:86); Owen (1881:156, pls. 33b–35); Verrill (1881b:400); Verrill (1882b:72); Steenstrup (1882:[160]); Pfeffer (1912:37) Dell (1970:27)
31 1874 Buøy, Foldenfjord, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire None WL: ~4 m Grieg (1933:19) Nordgård (1928:71)
32 10 May 1874 off Trincomalee, Sri Lanka (8°50′N 84°05′E / 8.833°N 84.083°E / 8.833; 84.083 (Giant squid specimen)) NIO Reportedly seen sinking ship Unknown The Times, 4 July 1874; Mystic Press, 31 July 1874; Lane (1957:205); Boyle (1999); Uragoda (2005:97) Ellis (1998a:258) Schooner Pearl (150 tons) with crew of six, including captain James Floyd, supposedly sunk by giant squid. Incident reportedly seen from passenger steamer Strathowen, bound from Colombo to Madras, which rescued five of the crew. Veracity of account has been questioned.
33 2 November 1874 on beach, St. Paul Island, Indian Ocean (38°43′S 77°32′E / 38.717°S 77.533°E / -38.717; 77.533 (Giant squid specimen)) SIO Found washed ashore Architeuthis mouchezi Velain (1875:1002) [nomen nudum]; Mouchezis sancti-pauli Velain (1877:81) Entire; found in advanced state of decay Tentacle(s?) and buccal mass EL: 7.15 m MNHN; catalog nos. 3-2-658 + 3-2-659 (tentacular clubs) [fide Lu et al. (1995)]; holotype of Mouchezis sancti-pauli Velain, 1877 Velain (1875:1002); Velain (1877:81 & 83, fig. 8); Velain (1878:81 & 83, fig. 8); Owen (1881:159); Pfeffer (1912:32) Gervais (1875:88); Verrill (1875c:213)
34 December 1874 Grand Bank, Fortune Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis princeps Entire, except for tail (cut up for dog food) Jaws, one tentacular sucker EL: 42–43 ft (12.8–13.1 m); HL+BL: 12–13 ft (3.7–4.0 m); ?TL: 30 ft (9.1 m); TL: 26 ft (7.9 m); TC: 16 in (41 cm); BL: 10 ft (3.0 m); jaws In Verrill's possession; Verrill specimen No. 6 and Verrill specimen No. 13 Verrill (1875a:35); Verrill (1875c:213); Verrill (1880a:186, 188, pl. 17 fig. 11) Simms letter 27/X/1875 to Verrill Data from 10/XII/1873 letter from Mr. Harvey to unknown individual citing measurements taken by G. Simms; Pfeffer (1912:21). Measurements are given differently in different papers. Verrill (1880a:186) states his No. 6 is same specimen as No. 3; this cannot be correct, as capture date for No. 6 is clearly stated as December 1874 by Verrill (1875c:213). Verrill (1880a:188, pl. 17) repeats record as his No. 13.
35 Unknown (reported 1875) west St. Modent (on Labrador side), Strait of Belle Isle, Newfoundland NWA Found alive Architeuthis princeps or Architeuthis monachus of Steenstrup Entire None; cut up, salted, and barrelled for dog meat TL?: 37 ft (11 m); BL+HL: 15 ft (4.6 m); EL: 52 ft (16 m); SD: ~2 in (5.1 cm) None; Verrill specimen No. 7 Verrill (1875a:36); Verrill (1880a:186) Dr. Honeyman article in Halifax newspaper Data from unidentified third party cited in Halifax newspaper article.
36 Unknown (reported 1875) Boffin Island, west coast, Ireland NEA Not stated Beak, tentacles, and arms Undetermined TL: 30 ft (9.1 m); CL: 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m); CSD: ~1 in (2.5 cm) Uncertain chronology; More (1875b:123); Verrill (1875c:214)
37 1874? 1875? (winter) near Harbor Grace, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Destroyed None taken None; Verrill specimen No. 12 Verrill (1875b:79); Verrill (1880a:188) "destroyed before its value became known, and no measurements are given"
38 25 April 1875 off Boffin Island, Connemara, Ireland NEA "Captured" Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Beak and buccal mass, one arm, portions of both tentacles TL: ~30 ft (9.1 m); CL: 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m); CSD: 1 in (2.5 cm); AL: ~8 ft (2.4 m); AC: 15 in (38 cm) NMI More (1875b:123); Massy (1909:30) Ritchie (1918:137); Massy (1928:32); Robson (1933:692); Rees (1950:40); Hardy (1956:285); Collins (1998:489) Preserved by Sergeant O'Connor.
39 October 1875 Grand Banks, Atlantic Ocean (44°–44°30'N 49°30'–49°50'W) NWA Not stated; presumably found floating at surface Multiple None; cut up for cod bait Filled 75 US gal (280 l) tub; ~1,000 lb (450 kg) (No. 25); TL: 36 ft (11 m) (No. 26) None; Verrill specimen No. 25 and Verrill specimen No. 26 Verrill (1881b:396) An unusual number (>25–30) of mostly dead giant squid found by Gloucester, Massachusetts fishermen.
40 ~1876 Clifford Bay, Cape Campbell, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Entire Jaws [fide Pfeffer (1912:32)] BL(estimate): 7 ft (2.1 m); EL(estimate): ~20 ft (6.1 m) Colonial Museum [NMNZ] [fide Pfeffer (1912:32)] Robson (1887:156); Kirk (1880) Pfeffer (1912:32); Dell (1952:98)
41 20 November 1876 in Notre Dame Bay, southwest arm of Green Bay, Hammer Cove, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Partial specimen; devoured by foxes and seabirds Piece of pen 16 in (41 cm) long WH: 18 in (46 cm); FW: 18 in (46 cm) In Harvey's possession; Verrill specimen No. 15 Verrill (1880a:190); Verrill (1880b:284) M. Harvey letter 25 August 1877 to Verrill
42 1877? Norway NEA Not stated Map location only Sivertsen (1955:11, fig. 4)
43 24 September 1877 Catalina, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore, alive Architeuthis princeps Entire; "nearly perfect specimen" Loose suckers (see 1880a:220) HL+BL: 9.5 ft (2.9 m); BC: 7 ft (2.1 m); TL: 30 ft (9.1 m); AL(longest, ventral): 11 ft (3.4 m); AC(ventral): 17 in (43 cm); beak; FW: 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m) In Verrill's possession; Verrill specimen No. 14 Harvey (1877); Canadian Illustrated News, 27 October 1877; Verrill (1877:425); Verrill (1880a:189, pl. 17, figs. 1–10, pls. 19–20) Owen (1881:163); Pfeffer (1912:21) Measured fresh by M. Harvey; examined preserved (poorly) by Verrill at New York Aquarium. Later "prepared" for exhibition by taxidermist. Cast made for the AMNH.
44 October 1877 Trinity Bay, Newfoundland NWA Not stated "big squid" None None taken None; Verrill specimen No. 17 Verrill (1880a:191); Verrill (1880b:285) M. Harvey letter 17 November 1877 to Verrill citing reference to specimen by John Duffet Specimen cut up and used for manure.
45 21 November 1877 Smith's Sound, Lance Cove, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore ?Architeuthis princeps Entire None; carried off by tide BL(+HL?): 11 ft (3.4 m); TL: 33 ft (10 m); AL: 13 ft (4.0 m) (estimate) None; Verrill specimen No. 16 Verrill (1880a:190); Verrill (1880b:285) M. Harvey letter 27 November 1877 to Verrill citing measurements taken by John Duffet Found still alive, having "ploughed up a trench or furrow about 30 ft long and of considerable depth by the stream of water that it ejected with great force from its siphon. When the tide receded it died."
46 2 November 1878 near Little Bay Copper Mine, Thimble Tickle, Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found aground offshore, alive; secured to tree with grapnel and rope; died as tide receded ?Architeuthis princeps Entire None; cut up for dog food BL+HL: 20 ft (6.1 m); TL: 35 ft (11 m) None; Verrill specimen No. 18 Verrill (1880a:191); Verrill (1880b:285) M. Harvey letter 30 January 1879 to Boston Traveller; Hickey (2009); Paxton (2016a:83) Discovered by Stephen Sherring, fisherman. Often cited as the largest recorded giant squid specimen, and long treated as such by Guinness (see Wood, 1982:189; Carwardine, 1995:240; Glenday, 2014:62). The length of the "body [..] from the beak to the extremity of the tail" (i.e. mantle plus head) was said to be 20 ft (6.1 m), with "one of the arms" (presumably a tentacle) measuring 35 ft (10.7 m), for a total length of 55 ft (16.8 m) (Verrill, 1880a:191; Verrill, 1880b:285). Total length sometimes mistakenly cited as 57 ft (17.4 m) per Paxton (2016a:83). Giant Squid Interpretation Centre and "life-sized", 55-foot sculpture built near site of capture (Hickey, 2009); sculpture appeared on Canadian postage stamp issued in 2011 (Hickey, 2010; [Anonymous], N.d.).
47 2 December 1878 Three Arms, South Arm of Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore ?Architeuthis princeps Entire, mutilated and with arms missing (only one arm "perfect") None; cut up for dog food BL+HL: 15 ft (4.6 m); BC: 12 ft (3.7 m); AL: 16 ft (4.9 m); AD: "thicker than a man's thigh" None; Verrill specimen No. 19 Verrill (1880a:192); Verrill (1880b:286) M. Harvey letter 30 January 1879 to Boston Traveller Found dead by fisherman William Budgell after heavy gale.
48 23 May 1879 Lyall Bay, Cook Strait, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Steenstrupia stockii Kirk, 1882 [=Architeuthis sp.? fide Verrill (1882c:477)] Entire, but somewhat mutilated Pen, beak, tongue, some suckers ML: 9 ft 2 in (2.79 m); BC: 7 ft 3 in (2.21 m); HL: 1 ft 11 in (0.58 m); BL+HL: 11 ft 1 in (3.38 m); HC: 4 ft (1.2 m); AL: 4 ft 3 in (1.30 m); AC: 11 in (28 cm); ASC: 36; FL: 24 in (61 cm); FW: 13 in (33 cm) (single); GL: 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m); GW: 11 in (28 cm); other measurements NMNZ; catalog no. M.125405 + M.125403 [fide Marshall (1996:45)]; holotype of Steenstrupia stockii Kirk, 1882. Kirk specimen No. 3 Kirk (1880:310); Verrill (1881b:398); Kirk (1882:286, figs. 2–4) Verrill (1882c:477); Kirk (1888:34); Pfeffer (1912:34); Suter (1913:1051); Dell (1952:98); Dell (1970:27); Stevens (1988:149, fig. 2); Paxton (2016a:83) Measurements taken by T.W. Kirk. Considered by Paxton (2016a:83) as the longest reliably measured mantle length of any giant squid specimen (less reliably that of #105).
49 1879 off Nova Scotia, Canada (42°49′N 62°57′W / 42.817°N 62.950°W / 42.817; -62.950 (Giant squid specimen)) NWA From fish stomach, Alepidosaurus [sic] ferox ?Architeuthis megaptera Verrill, 1878; ?Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874) Terminal part of tentacular arm Portion of arm 18 in (46 cm) long NMNH; catalog no. 576962. Verrill specimen No. 20 Verrill (1880a:193); Verrill (1880b:287) Lancetfish taken by Capt. J.W. Collins of schooner Marion on halibut trawl-line.
50 September 1879 Olafsfjord, Iceland NEA Architeuthis Left tentacle TL: 7680+ mm; CL: 1010 mm; CSC: 268; TSC: 290; additional indices and counts ZMUC [specimen NA-7 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:727) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
51 October 1879 near Brigus, Conception Bay, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Two arms with other mutilated parts Undetermined; Verrill specimen No. 22 AL: 8 ft (2.4 m) None?; Verrill specimen No. 22 Verrill (1880a:194); Verrill (1880b:287)
52 1 November 1879 James's Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Entire None; cut up by fishermen EL: 38 ft (12 m); BL: 9 ft (2.7 m); BC: ~6 ft (1.8 m); TL: 29 ft (8.8 m) None; Verrill specimen No. 23 Verrill (1880a:194); Verrill (1880b:287) Morning Chronicle of St. John's 9 December 1879 Found alive and driven ashore.
53 Unknown (reported 1880) near Boulder Bank, Nelson, New Zealand SWP Not stated; hook and line? Not indicated Undetermined; Kirk specimen No. 4 8 ft (2.4 m) long None?; Kirk specimen No. 4 Kirk (1880:310); Verrill (1881b:398) Newspaper article Caught by fishing party. No other data.
54 Unknown (reported 1880) near Flat Point, east coast, New Zealand SWP Not stated Not indicated Undetermined; Kirk specimen No. 5 None None?; Kirk specimen No. 5 Kirk (1880:310); Verrill (1881b:398) Description sent to Mr. Beetham, M.H.R., by Mr. Moore Found by Mr. Moore. No other data.
55 April 1880 Grand Banks, Newfoundland NWA Found dead at surface Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874) Head, tentacles, and arms only Head, tentacles, and arms TL: 66 in (170 cm); ASC: 330; extensive measurements and counts YPM; catalog no. 12600y. Verrill specimen No. 24 Verrill (1881b:259, pl. 26, pl. 38 figs. 3–7) Pfeffer (1912:19) Found dead by Capt. O.A. Whitten of schooner Wm.H. Oakes.
56 6 June 1880 Island Bay, Cook Strait, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis verrilli Kirk, 1882 Entire Not specified ML: 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m); BC: 9 ft 2 in (2.79 m); TL: 25 ft (7.6 m); AL(I,II,IV): 9 ft (2.7 m); AC(I,II,IV): 15 in (38 cm); AL(III): 10 ft 5 in (3.18 m); AC(III): 21 in (53 cm); ASC(III): 71; HC: 4 ft 3 in (1.30 m); HL: 19 in (48 cm); FL: 30 in (76 cm); FW: 28 in (71 cm); EyD: 5 in (13 cm) by 4 in (10 cm) NMNZ; holotype of Architeuthis verrilli Kirk, 1882; specimen no longer extant [fide Marshall (1996:46)] Kirk (1882:285) Verrill (1882c:477); Kirk (1888:35); Pfeffer (1912:33); Suter (1913:1052); Dell (1952:98); Dell (1970:27) Measurements taken by Kirk, except TL by James McColl. Beak and portions of gladius ("skeleton") taken by Italian fishermen and not recovered.
57 ~1880 Kvænangen, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None None Grieg (1933:19) Sivertsen (1955:11)
58 ~1880 Tønsvik, Tromsøysund, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None None Grieg (1933:19)
59 October 1880 Kilkee, County Clare, Ireland NEA Found washed ashore "octopus"; Architeuthis sp. Ritchie (1918:137) O'Brien (1880:585); Rees (1950:40); Collins (1998:489) Originally cited as an octopus.
60 10 November 1881 Portugal Cove, near St. John's, Newfoundland NWA Found floating dead near shore Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874) Entire Entire (somewhat mutilated and poorly preserved) a) BL: 5.5 ft (1.7 m); HL: 1.25 ft (0.38 m); EL: 28 ft (8.5 m); BC: 4.5 ft (1.4 m) b) ML: 4.16 ft (1.27 m); BC: 4 ft (1.2 m); FL: 1.75 ft (0.53 m); FW (single): 8 in (20 cm); TL: 15 ft (4.6 m); CL: 2 ft (0.61 m); AL(ventral, minus tip): 4.66 ft (1.42 m); TC(base): 8.5 in (22 cm); etc. E.M. Worth Museum (101 Bowery, NY, NY). Verrill specimen No. 27 Verrill (1881b:422); Verrill (1882a:71) Morris article in 25 November 1881 New York Herald; Morris article in 10 December 1881 Harper's Weekly; Pfeffer (1912:19) Obtained by Mr. Morris, photographed by E. Lyons (St. John's), shipped on ice by steamer Catima to New York, purchased and preserved by E.M. Worth. Measurements by a) Inspector Murphy (chief Board of Public Works) when iced; b) Verrill of fixed specimen.
61 30 June 1886 Cape Campbell, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Beak and club ML: 8 ft 3 in (2.51 m); HL: 1 ft 9 in (0.53 m); AL: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m); TL: 18 ft 10 in (5.74 m); EL: 28 ft 10 in (8.79 m); BC(estimate): ~8 ft (2.4 m) NMNZ; catalog no. M.125404 + ?M.125406 [fide Marshall (1996:45)]; holotype of Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887. Kirk specimen No. 2 Kirk (1879:310); Verrill (1881b:398); Robson (1887:156) C.H.[W.] Robson letter 19 June 1879 to T.W. Kirk; Pfeffer (1912:35); Suter (1913:1048); Dell (1952:98); Dell (1970:27) Found by Mr. C.H.[W.] Robson; beak given to Mr. A. Hamilton.
62 "early" October 1887 Lyall Bay, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis longimanus Kirk, 1888 Entire Beak and buccal-mass Female EL: 55 ft 2 in (16.81 m); ML: 71 in (180 cm); BC: 63 in (160 cm); extensive additional measurements and description Dominion Museum [NMNZ] (see Dell, 1970:28); holotype of Architeuthis longimanus Kirk, 1888. Specimen not found [fide Marshall (1996:46)] Kirk (1888:35, pls. 7–9); Pfeffer (1912:36) Suter (1913:1049); Dell (1952:98); Dell (1970:27); Wood (1982:191); O'Shea & Bolstad (2008); Dery (2013) Strangely proportioned animal that has been much commented on; sometimes cited as the longest giant squid specimen ever recorded.[nb 5] Found by Mr. Smith, local fisherman. Measurements taken by T.W. Kirk. Date found listed incorrectly in Dell (1952:98) (fide Sweeney & Roper, 2001:87).
63 27 August 1888 between Pico and St. George, Azores Islands (38°33′57″N 30°39′30″W / 38.56583°N 30.65833°W / 38.56583; -30.65833 (Giant squid specimen)) at 1266 m depth NEA By benthic trawl Architeuthis? sp.? [fide Joubin (1895:34)] Large beak Undetermined None Joubin (1895:34)
64 1889 Norway NEA Not stated Map location only Sivertsen (1955:11, fig. 4)
65 Unknown (reported 1892) Sao Miguel Island, Azores Islands NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis princeps Entire? Jaws and tentacle club Beak measurements Museum in Lisbon [fide Pfeffer (1912:27)] Girard (1892:214, pls. 1–2) Pfeffer (1912:27); Robson (1933:692)
66 1892 Greenland NWA Not stated Architeuthis monachus Posselt (1898:279)
* Unknown (reported November 1894) Talcahuano, Chile SEP Unknown; collected and donated to ZMB by Ludwig Plate Ommastrephes gigas [fide Martens (1894)]; Architeuthis [fide Kilias (1967:491)]; Dosidicus gigas [fide Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas (2004)] Entire Entire, internal parts missing, preserved in alcohol; "exceptionally good condition" (Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas, 2004:55) Female (adult) ML: 865 mm; MW: 230 mm; EL: 1740 mm; HL: 160 mm; HW: 190 mm; FL: 440 mm; FW: 600 mm; TL: 720 mm; CL: 225 mm; AL(I): 460 mm; AL(II): 450 mm; AL(III): 500 mm; AL(IV): 440 mm; LSD(tentacle): 20 mm; LSD(arm II): 15 mm; LSD(arm II): 14 mm; EyD: 80 mm; Lens: 35 mm ZMB Moll. 49.804 Martens (1894); Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas (2004:53, figs. 1a–f, 2a–g) Möbius (1898a:373); Möbius (1898b:135); [Anonymous] (1899:38); [Anonymous] (1902:41); Kilias (1967:491, fig.); Wechsler (1999) Non-architeuthid. First noted by Carl Eduard von Martens in November 1894. Exhibited at Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin from 1897 to World War II, and again from c. 1945–50, when it was housed in main entrance hall in large glass cylinder on marble pedestal.
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From December 1975, displayed as part of "Meeresungeheuer" exhibit at German Maritime Museum in Stralsund, on loan from ZMB. Return to museum noted in February 1992, when it was placed in new purpose-built container and displayed in Malacological Collection. Incorrectly identified by Kilias (1967:491) as Architeuthis in figure legend, with total length given as ~2 m (illustration removed in later edition: Kilias, 1993). Specimen cast in 1997–98 for creation of 8.5-m-long plastic "giant squid" model, exhibited since 1998 at Übersee-Museum Bremen with sperm whale skull. Re-identified as Dosidicus gigas in June 1998 by Mario Alejandro Salcedo-Vargas. Internal parts apparently removed when specimen originally dissected by Martens or prepared for exhibition (1894–97).
67 4 February 1895 Bay of Tateyama, Province of Awa, Japan NWP In net Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Entire Undetermined Female ML: 720 mm; MW: 235 mm; GL: 640 mm; FL: 280 mm; FW: 200 mm; TL: 2910 mm; extensive additional measurements and description Undetermined; ?Zoological Institute, Science College, Tokyo; holotype of Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Mitsukuri & Ikeda (1895:39, pl. 10); Pfeffer (1912:27) Caught in net after 2–3 day storm.
* 18 July 1895 near Angra, Azores Islands (38°34'45"N, 29°37'W) NEA Caught at surface (from sperm whale vomit) with shrimp net Architeuthis sp.?; Non-architeuthid [fide Pfeffer (1912:27)] Several jaws Undetermined None Joubin (1900:46, pl. 14 figs. 1–2) Pfeffer (1912:27); Clarke (1956:257) Non-architeuthid.
68 18 July 1895 near Angra, Azores Islands (38°34'45"N, 29°37'W) NEA Caught at surface (from sperm whale vomit) using shrimp net Dubioteuthis physeteris Joubin, 1900 [=Architeuthis physeteris (Joubin, 1900) fide Voss (1956:136)] Mantle only Mantle Male ML: 460 mm; BD: 115 mm; FL: 220 mm; FW: 110 mm; GL: 390 mm MOM; holotype of Dubioteuthis physeteris Joubin, 1900 [fide Belloc (1950:6); listed incorrectly as station 558] Joubin (1900:102, pl. 15 figs. 8–10); Pfeffer (1912:24) Hardy (1956:288); Roper & Young (1972:220); Toll & Hess (1981b:753)
69 10 April 1896 Kirkseteroren, Hevnefjord, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire Female BL: 2.5 m; AL: 2.5 m; TL: 7.25 m VSM Storm (1897:99); Grieg (1933:19) Brinkmann (1916:178); Nordgård (1923:11); Nordgård (1928:71); Sivertsen (1955:11)
70 27 September 1896 [28 September fide Roeleveld (2002:727)] Kirkseteroren, Hevnefjord, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire, posterior part missing Male TL: 1030+ mm; CL: 900 mm; CSC: 294; TSC: >298; LRL: 17.9 mm; URL: 16.2 mm; additional beak measurements, indices, and counts VSM; VSM 110a [specimen NA-18 of Roeleveld (2000) and Roeleveld (2002)] Storm (1897:99, fig. 20); Grieg (1933:19); Roeleveld (2000:185); Roeleveld (2002:727) Brinkmann (1916:178, fig. 2); Nordgård (1923:11); Nordgård (1928:71); Sivertsen (1955:11); Toll & Hess (1981b:753) Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000). Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
71 Unknown (reported 1898) Iceland NEA Not stated Architeuthis monachus Not specified Undetermined None Posselt (1898:279) Bardarson (1920:134)
72 1898 north of Bahamas NWA Unknown Steenstrup (1898) Ellis (1998a:259)
73 1902 north of Faeroes Islands, Atlantic Ocean NEA Found floating at surface, dead ?Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire, very bad condition Entire BL+HL: 76 cm; ML: 63 cm; MW: 15 cm; FL: 26.7 cm; FW: 8 cm; TL: 214 cm; ASD: 8 mm; TSD: 11 mm Bergen Museum [=ZMUB?] Murray & Hjort (1912); Grieg (1933:20) Young specimen taken by Michael Sars.
74 15 August 1903 Mjofjord, Iceland NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Tentacle (partial), arm Tentacle (from mouth of whale) TD: 17 cm; AL?: 6 m Bergen Museum [=ZMUB?] Murray & Hjort (1912); Grieg (1933:21) Length of arm given by whalers.
75 July 1906 ?, Norway NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Collett (1912:635)
76 1907 ?, Norway NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Collett (1912:635)
77 March 1909 off Highland Light, Truro, Massachusetts NWA Not stated; floating at surface? Architeuthis sp. Entire None AL: 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m); WL?: ~16–17 ft (4.9–5.2 m); AD: 4 in (10 cm) None Blake (1909:43) Found by schooner Annie Perry; attempted to be hoisted aboard but cut in half by rope; tentacle [arm] saved but later discarded.
78 July 1909 ?, Norway NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Collett (1912:635)
79 September 1910 off coast of Mayo, Ireland NEA From two sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. Two upper beaks Undetermined None Massy (1913:2) From Captain Bruun.
80 1910/1911? (autumn) Lundenes, Grytøya, Senjen, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None WL: 1.2 m Brinkmann (1916:178); Grieg (1933:20) Nordgård (1928:71); Sivertsen (1955:11)
81 June 1911 Monterey Bay, California, United States NEP Floating at surface, dead Unidentified; Architeuthis? Entire; "in very bad condition, there was no color left, and the epidermis had all sloughed off" None EL: >30 ft (9.1 m) Berry (1912:117)
82 February 1912 Veiholmen, Smøla, Norway NEA Found in shallow water Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire BL: 1.9 m; TL: 6.7 m Kristiansund Museum Brinkmann (1916:180, fig. 3); Grieg (1933:20) Nordgård (1928:71); Sivertsen (1955:11)
83 1912 Japan NWP Unknown Pfeffer (1912) Ellis (1998a:260)
84 12 October 1912 Monterey Bay, California, United States NEP Not indicated Unidentified; Architeuthis? Entire None WT: ~500 lb (230 kg) Berry (1914:22) Observed by Mr. K. Hovden (Manager, Booth Canning Company, Monterey). Eaten raw by Italian fishermen who "captured" it. [Highly doubtful considering ammonium chloride present in giant squid tissues.]
85 June–September 1913 Belmullet whaling station, Ireland NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874) Entire, plus other parts Tip of tentacle; beak and radula; other dry beaks plus portion of gladius ML: 6 ft (1.8 m); BC: 4 ft (1.2 m); AL: 6 ft (1.8 m); TL: 21 ft (6.4 m); FL: 1 ft 7 in (0.48 m); FW: 1 ft 9.5 in (0.546 m) Undetermined; University of Liverpool? Hamilton (1915:137); Hardy (1956:286); Collins (1998:489) Rees (1950:40) From 57 ft 3 in (17.45 m) male sperm whale (no. 22) examined by J.E. Hamilton.
86 22 November 1915 [21 November fide Roeleveld (2002:727)] Lerøya, Austrheim, north of Bergen, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Initially entire [head and viscera fide Roeleveld (2000:185); Roeleveld (2002:727)] Male [immature female fide Roeleveld (2000:185); Roeleveld (2002:727)] ML+HL: 1550 mm; ML: 1310 mm; BD: 440 mm; HW: 310 mm; FL: 430 mm; FW: 105; AL(I): 1780 mm; AL(IV): 1640 mm; TL: 5600 mm [TL(R): 4925 mm fide Roeleveld (2002:729)]; CL(R): 745 mm; CSC(R): 262; TSC(R): 287; LRL: 15.8 mm; URL: 15.9 mm; additional beak measurements, indices, and counts ZMUB; ZMUB 43689 [specimen NA-12 of Roeleveld (2000) and Roeleveld (2002)] Brinkmann (1916:175, fig. 1); Grieg (1933:17); Roeleveld (2000:185); Roeleveld (2002:727) Nordgård (1928:71); Sivertsen (1955:11); Toll & Hess (1981b:754) Plaster cast made of specimen also in Bergen Museum. Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000). Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
87 17 March 1916 Hellandsjo, west of Hevnefjord, Norway NEA Found washed ashore, alive Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire A little of the front part, tentacles and arms; remainder used for bait TL: 6.2 m VSM Brinkmann (1916:180); Grieg (1933:20) Nordgård (1923:11); Nordgård (1928:71); Sivertsen (1955:11) With sucker response when found by J.F. Vaagan.
88 November 1916 Oyvag, Djonna, Helgoland, Atlantic Ocean NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire? None None Grieg (1933:20)
89 29 October 1917 Skateraw, Berwickshire, Scotland (55°58.5′N 02°25′W / 55.9750°N 2.417°W / 55.9750; -2.417 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874); Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Club and gladius fragment BL+HL: 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m); FW: 19 in (48 cm); AL: 4 ft (1.2 m); AC: 9.5 in (24 cm); TL: 13 ft 10 in (4.22 m); CL: 2 ft 6 in (0.76 m); other measurements and description NMSZ catalog no. 1917.54.1–2 Ritchie (1918:133); Ritchie (1922:423); Robson (1933:692); Heppell & Smith (1983:35) Stephen (1944:264); Rees (1950:40); Stephen (1962:154); Collins (1998:489) Observations by J. Ritchie after earlier mutilation of specimen by local boys. Colour drawing by Ritchie in NMSZ.
90 10 January 1918 reportedly caught in Awa Province; Tokyo fishmarket, Japan NWP Not stated Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Entire Undetermined Male ML: 1100 mm; BC: 800 mm; FL: 400 mm; FW: 320 mm; GL: 1040 mm Sasaki (1929:224, pl. 20 figs. 1–11); Heuvelmans (1968) Toll & Hess (1981b:753)
91 1918 Kilkel, County Clare, Ireland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Not specified Undetermined None Hardy (1956:286) Collins (1998:489)
92 November 1919 Oyvag of Dønna, off coast of Nordland, Norway NEA Not stated Architeuthis dux Entire? Undetermined None Nordgård (1923:11) Nordgård (1928:71); Sivertsen (1955:11, fig. 4)
93 February 1920 Vallay, North Uist, Outer Hebrides, Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis or Sthenoteuthis [fide Ritchie]; Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Stephen] Entire None "Length of squid": 3.5–4 ft (1.1–1.2 m); AL: ~1 ft (0.30 m) Ritchie (1920:57) Stephen (1944:264); Rees (1950:40); Stephen (1962:154); Collins (1998:489) Information from Mr. G. Beveridge.
94 1921 Wick, Moray Firth, Scotland NEA Not stated Architeuthis dux Beak and sucker ring, dry Sucker ring; beak lost, photograph only extant None NMSZ Heppell & Smith (1983:33) Collins (1998:489)
95 1922 Caithness, North of Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874); Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Stephen (1962:154)] Not specified Undetermined None NMSZ Ritchie (1922:423); Robson (1933:692) Stephen (1944:264); Rees (1950:40); Hardy (1956:287); Stephen (1962:154)
96 1924 Margate, Natal SIO Unknown Heuvelmans (1968) Ellis (1998a:260)
97 9 ?October 1924 Bluff, New Zealand SWP Not stated Undetermined BL: 7 ft (2.1 m); "spread of tentacles": 18 ft (5.5 m) Dell (1952:98) The New Zealand Herald 9 October 1924
98 Unknown (prior to spring 1926) Urago Bay, Oki Islands, Japan NWP Not stated ?Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined None Hamabe (1957); Nishimura (1968:75) Capture date prior to spring 1926.
99 1926 (early spring) off Kuniga, Oki Islands, Japan NWP Not stated ?Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined None Hamabe (1957); Nishimura (1968:75)
100 1926 Wingan Inlet, Victoria, Australia SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined None MacPherson & Gabriel (1962:413)
101 13 December 1927 Kalveidøy, Fitjar, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None BL: 1 m; TL: 6.5 m Grieg (1933:19) Sivertsen (1955:11)
102 4 March 1928 Ranheim (about 8 km east of Trondheim), Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire Male EL?: ~7.9 m; ML: 1.37 m; AL: 1.4–1.5 m; TL: 6.4 m; LRL: 15.0 mm; URL: 13.7 mm; additional beak measurements VSM; VSM 108a [specimen NA-19 of Roeleveld (2000)] Nordgård (1928:70, text-fig.); Grieg (1933:20); Roeleveld (2000:185) Sivertsen (1955:5); Aldrich (1991:476) Spermatophores present. Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
103 1928 off Greenland ? Jaws only Muus (1962) Ellis (1998a:260) Seen by members of the Godthaab Expedition.
104 24 January 1930 Gullane, East Lothian, Scotland (56°02.5′N 02°51′W / 56.0417°N 2.850°W / 56.0417; -2.850 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Undetermined; Stephen specimen No. 1 BL+HL: 1803 mm; HL: 381 mm; HC: 711 mm; ML: 1422 mm; BC (at mantle edge): 1143 mm; additional measurements NSMZ; catalog no. 1930.174 Stephen (1962:151); Heppell & Smith (1983:34) Collins (1998:489) Data from unpublished Ritchie manuscript; see Heppell & Smith concerning locality data.
105 1930? Goose Bay, Kaikoura, New Zealand SWP Not stated Entire Undetermined BL: 11 ft (3.4 m); AL[TL?]: ~30 ft (9.1 m) Dell (1952:98) Paxton (2016a:83) W.R.B. Oliver (observer?). Considered by Paxton (2016a:83) as the "longest measured" mantle length of any giant squid specimen (though "more reliably" that of #48).
106 1930 Miura Peninsula, Japan NWP EL?: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m) Tomilin (1967) Ellis (1998a:260)
107 1930–1933 Pacific between Hawaii and Samoa SWP Unknown Grønningsaeter (1946) Ellis (1998a:261)
108 14 January 1933 Scarborough, Yorkshire, England NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis clarkei Robson, 1933 Entire Entire ML: 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m); MW: 1 ft 10 in (0.56 m); FL: 2 ft 1.5 in (0.648 m); FW (total): 1 ft 7 in (0.48 m); numerous additional measurements BMNH 1933.1.30.5 + 1926.3.31.24 (radula and beak); holotype of Architeuthis clarkei Robson, 1933 Robson (1933:681, text-figs. 1–7, pl. 1) Stevenson (1935:114); Stephen (1944:264); Rees (1950:40); Hardy (1956:286); Collins (1998:489) Specimen obtained by W.J. Clarke.
109 December 1933 Dildo, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Male ML: 1560 mm Frost (1934:xxx) Knudsen (1957:189); Toll & Hess (1981b:754); Aldrich (1991:476) A replica of this giant squid is now on display in Dildo.
110 26 June 1935 Gulf of Gascogne [Bay of Biscay] (46°50'N) at 200 m depth NEA By trawl Architeuthis nawaji [fide Cadenat (1935)]; Architeuthis harveyi [fide Cadenat (1936)] Entire Female EL: 818 cm; ML: 138 cm; FL: 60 cm; TL: 645 cm; AL(IV): 112 cm; AL(I): 110 cm ?MHNLR Cadenat (1935:513); Cadenat (1936:277, figs. 1–3) Caught by the Palombe.
111 12 November 1935 Holyrood, Harbour Main, Conception Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire None; destroyed in fire Female ML: 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m); BC: 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m); FL: 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m); FW: 2 ft 1 in (0.64 m); TL: 17 ft 3 in (5.26 m); HL: 1 ft 7 in (0.48 m) None Frost (1936, figs. 1–10); Stephen (1962:155); Dyson (1982:107); Peterman (2002); see discussion Caught by Harbour Main fisherman Joe Ezekiel, who sold specimen to a scientist for $10.00. Stored in local Fisheries Department's fish freezer, which caught fire, destroying specimen. At least two photographs of the specimen exist.
112 7 January 1937 off Bell Rock, Angus, Arbroath, Scotland (56°26′N 02°23′W / 56.433°N 2.383°W / 56.433; -2.383 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA By trawl Architeuthis harveyi (Kent, 1874); Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Stephen (1962:154)] Entire Tentacles and one arm BL: ~7 ft (2.1 m); AL: 92 cm; TL: 368 + 421 cm NMSZ; catalog no. 1977107.1 Stephen (1937:131); Heppell & Smith (1983:34) Stephen (1944:264); Rees (1950:40); Stephen (1962:154); Collins (1998:489) Captured alive in trawl, tentacles and one arm cut off and remainder discarded. Date of capture incorrect in Heppell & Smith (1983).
113 22 July 1937 Petone, Wellington, New Zealand SWP Not stated Not specified Undetermined TL: 22 ft (6.7 m) Dell (1952:98) Press Association message 22 July 1937
114 1939 Norway NEA Not stated Map location only Sivertsen (1955:11, fig. 4) Possibly the same as #115.
115 10 October 1939 near Tromsø, Norway NEA "killed by fishermen" EL: >13 m; TL: 8.7 m; BC(max.): 3 m; AL(longest): 3.1 m; WT(estimate): >1000 kg Wood (1982:191) Ellis (1998a:261) Gerald L. Wood called it "the largest known Architeuthis" from Norway. Not weighed; mass estimate attributed to "Karl Basilier, pers. comm.". Possibly the same as #114.
116 February 1941 Susa Bay, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan NWP Not stated Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined ML: ~1.5 m; WT: ~180 kg Tanaka (1950); Nishimura (1968:75)
117 1941–1978 Sea of Japan; various locations NWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis martensi (Hilgendorf, 1880) Entire; numerous Undetermined None Okiyama (1993:408, fig. 6) Summary of Sea of Japan strandings.
118 1945 Pahau River Mouth, Wellington East Coast, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Entire Undetermined WT: >1 ton Dell (1952:98)
119 1946 Vikebukt, Norway NEA Undetermined Architeuthis sp. Map location only Undetermined Sivertsen (1955:11, fig. 4)
120 September 1946 Romsdal, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined EL: 9.35 m; other measurements Myklebust (1946:377, fig. 1) Sivertsen (1955:11, map)
121 mid-September 1948 Wingan Inlet, Victoria, Australia SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire, tentacles largely missing, arms "mutilated and torn off"; poor condition Head with arms and tail with fins EL(partial): 14 ft (4.3 m) (on arrival at museum), ~20 ft (6.1 m) (when found); BL: 7 ft 8 in (2.34 m); HL: 1 ft 6 in (0.46 m); TL(partial): 4 ft (1.2 m); TC(stalk): 4 in (10 cm); AL(partial): 4 ft (1.2 m); AC: 8–10.5 in (20–27 cm); ASD: ≤1 in (2.5 cm); EyD: 7 in (18 cm); other measurements AMS? Allan (1948:306) Zeidler (1996:7); Zeidler & Gowlett-Homes (1996:85) CSIR Fisheries Division at Cronulla notified about specimen by Mr. W. Warn. Shipment of specimen from Eden to Australian Museum arranged by Lucy M. Willings of CSIR. Gladius and internal organs removed prior to reposit.
122 7 September 1949 Hirtshals, Denmark NEA Not stated Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Undetermined WL?: 1.75 m ["totallaengde uden fangarme"; "total length without tentacles"] Muus (1959:170)
123 2 October 1949 Whalefirth Voe, Shetland, Scotland (60°35′N 01°10′W / 60.583°N 1.167°W / 60.583; -1.167 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Jaws and sucker rings; remainder cut up for bait BL: ~4 ft (1.2 m); AL: ~6 ft (1.8 m); TL: ~20 ft (6.1 m) NMSZ; catalog nos. 1950.2 + 1950.3 Stephen (1950:52); Heppell & Smith (1983:33) Collins (1998:489) Jaw, description, and sketch sent by Dr. Petersen and two suckers sent by Mr. J. Inkster to NMSZ.
124 30 November 1949 Bay of Nigg, Aberdeen, Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. [fide Rae (1950)]; Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Stephen (1962)] Entire Undetermined; entire? Female ML: 117 cm; HL: 28 cm; FL: 44.5 cm; FW: 37.5 cm; extensive additional measurements and description ?Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen, Scotland. Stephen (1962) specimen No. 2 Rae (1950:163, pls. 20–21) Hardy (1956:pl. 22); Stephen (1962:148); Boyle (1986:82); Collins (1998:489)
125 1950–1955 off Mississippi Delta, Gulf of Mexico NWA Found floating on surface Architeuthis physeteris (Joubin, 1899) Entire, in poor condition Male (mature) ML: 61.2 cm; extensive description Voss (1956:136, fig. 10) Roper & Young (1972:220); Toll & Hess (1981b:753); Aldrich (1991:476) Mature male with spermatophores. Possibly the same as #133.
126 22 August 1951 270 miles (430 km) W of Shpanberg Id., at surface NWP Observed alive only Architeuthis japonicus Two squid Observation only TL(estimate): 10–12 m None Sleptsov (1955:75) Thought to be avoiding sperm whales by staying at surface.
127 14 December 1951 Angus, East Haven, Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis harveyi Entire Jaws, radula, and piece of arm with suckers ML: 4 ft 9 in (1.45 m) Undetermined Stephen (1953:121) Collins (1998:489) Mutilated prior to examination.
128 January 1952 Carnoustie, Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Not specified Undetermined None Hardy (1956:287)
129 12 June 1952 off Sao Lourenco, Madeira Island NEA From sperm whale stomach, vomited up Architeuthis sp. Entire "Fragments" EL: 10,600 mm; ML: 1,860 mm; TL: 8,500 mm; AL: 2,800 mm; BC: 1,360 mm; TC: 330 mm; WT: 150 kg MMF Rees & Maul (1956:266) Clarke (1962:173) Still exhibited some signs of life after being vomited.
130 1952 Florida Keys NWA ML: 36 in RSMAS Voss (1996) Ellis (1998a:261)
* 1952 (summer) near Bonin Islands, western Pacific NWP From "digestive canal" of sperm whale Architeuthis japonica? Pfeffer, 1912; Psychroteuthidae? [fide Roper & Young (1972:220)] Entire; two specimens Undetermined ML: 92 mm + 104 mm; extensive additional measurements and description ?Laboratory of Fisheries Zoology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tokyo Iwai (1956:139, pls. 1–5); Roper & Young (1972:220) Ellis (1998a:121) Non-architeuthid. Based on the original illustrations and written description, Roper & Young (1972:220) wrote: "the specimens appear to be members of the Psychroteuthidae". Ellis (1998a:121) gives erroneous total length of "8 feet" for the larger specimen (though correctly given as "8 inches" by Ellis, 1994a:145).
131 1953 Norway NEA Not stated Map location only Sivertsen (1955:11, fig. 4)
132 1954 off Mississippi Delta, Gulf of Mexico NWA Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis Melvin (2009) Possibly the same as #125.
133 1954 Skagerrak, Denmark NEA Architeuthis Entire? Entire?, both tentacles loose Male (mature?) ML: 1035 mm; TL: 4480/3800 mm; CL: 620/695 mm; CSC: 248/248; TSC: 276/271; additional indices and counts ZMUC [specimen NA-3 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:727) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
134 January 1954 Kie Kie Bay, Kaikoura, New Zealand SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Photographs held by NIWA Förch (1998:105)
135 22 June 1954 1 sea mile (~1850 m) north of Skaw (Skagerack), Denmark NEA Found alive on surface Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire?, left tentacle loose Male (mature) ML: 1010 mm [970 mm fide Roeleveld (2002:727)]; VML: 940 mm; HL: 275 mm; TL: 4900 mm [4585/4785 mm fide Roeleveld (2002:729)]; CL: 605/780 mm; AL(I): 800 mm; AL(IV): 1470/1530 mm; LAL: 1530 mm; HeL(IV pair): 90/130 mm; PL: 780 mm; SSL: 155 mm; SoA: no obs.; SL: 110–180 mm; CSC: 255/265; TSC: 286/280; additional indices and counts ZMUC [specimen NA-6 of Roeleveld (2002)] Knudsen (1957:189, figs. 1–5); Roeleveld (2002:727); Guerra et al. (2004b:8) Kjennerud (1958:1); Muus (1959:170); Stephen (1962:155); Roper & Young (1972:220); Toll & Hess (1981b:753); Aldrich (1991:476) Discovered by fishermen. Mature male with spermatophores and both ventral arms hectocotylised; colour notes. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
136 30 July 1954 Ranheim, Trondheim Fjord, Norway NEA Not stated Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Undetermined EL: 7.5 m; BL: 1.3 m; AL(shorter): 1.9 m; TL: 6.2 m Sivertsen (1955:5); Knudsen (1956)
137 2 October 1954 Ranheim, Trondheim Fjord, Norway NEA Not stated Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire, left tentacle loose Female? EL: 9.24 m; BL: 2.14 m; AL(shorter): 1.9 m; TL(L): 7.1 m; ML: 1.79 m; MW: 0.57 m; FL: 0.52 m; FW(each): 0.18 m; TSD: 2.6 cm; ASD: 1.5 cm; CL(L): 820 mm; CSC(L): 254; TSC(L): >275; LRL: 15.6 mm; URL: n/a; additional beak measurements, indices, and counts VSM; VSM 156 [specimen NA-17 of Roeleveld (2000) and Roeleveld (2002)] Sivertsen (1955:5, fig. 1); Roeleveld (2000:185); Roeleveld (2002:727) Clarke (1966:fig. 4) Much reproduced photograph shows specimen being measured by Professors Erling Sivertsen and Svein Haftorn. Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000). Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
138 4 July 1955 off Porto Pim, Faial Island, Azores Islands (38°21′N 29°08′W / 38.350°N 29.133°W / 38.350; -29.133 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Entire Undesignated anatomical material WT: 405 lb (184 kg); EL: 34 ft 5 in (10.49 m); WL: 16 ft 3 in (4.95 m); ML: 6 ft 6 in (1.98 m); BD: 1 ft 11 in (0.58 m) National Institute of Oceanography Clarke (1955, 5 figs.) Clarke (1956:257, pl. 2 fig. 2); Budker (1959); see discussion Squid swallowed whole by 47 ft (14 m) sperm whale (no. F346). Examined at Porto Pim whaling station. Budker (1959) states: "This is probably the only complete specimen of such an animal to be collected under these conditions."
139 Unknown (reported 1956) off Fowey Rocks, Florida, United States NWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis princeps or Architeuthis harveyi Entire, mutilated Undetermined EL?: 47 ft (14 m) [fide Rathjen (1973:24)] RSMAS [fide Rathjen (1973:24)]; no longer extant [fide Voss (1956:138)] Voss (1956:138) Rathjen (1973:24, fig. 7) Taken by the vessel Silver Bay.
140 12 May 1956 about a mile north of Makara Stream, Wellington west coast, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis kirki Robson, 1887 Entire, missing tentacles Entire? ML: 1829 mm; WT: 127.9 kg; extensive additional measurements and description Dominion Museum [NMNZ] Dell (1970:27, figs. 1–8) Roper & Young (1972:216) Arm suckers had no sucker rings (fide Dell, 1970); likely dissolved after preservation in formalin per Roper & Young (1972:216).
* 1956/1957 South Orkney Islands (59°41′S 44°14′W / 59.683°S 44.233°W / -59.683; -44.233 (Colossal squid specimen)) SWA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp.; Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni Robson, 1925 Head and mantle Undetermined HL: 30 cm; HW: 20 cm; EyD: 16–17 cm; EL?: ~12 m Korabelnikov (1959:103); Yukhov (1974:62) Non-architeuthid. Initial identification by I.I. Akimushkin. From 15.8 m long male sperm whale.
* 1956/1957 South Shetland Islands (61°56′S 52°39′W / 61.933°S 52.650°W / -61.933; -52.650 (Colossal squid specimen)) SWA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp.; Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni Robson, 1925 Fin only Undetermined FL: 41 cm; FW: 48 cm; EL?: ~10 m Korabelnikov (1959:103); Yukhov (1974:62) Non-architeuthid. Initial identification by I.I. Akimushkin. From 15 m long male sperm whale.
141 1 February 1957 six miles (10 km) north by east from Rattray Head, Aberdeenshire, Scotland NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire EL: 23 ft 11 in (7.29 m); ML: 940 mm; BD: 343 mm; TL(R): 4750 mm; CL(R): 559 mm; HL: 279 mm; FL: 305 mm; FW: 305 mm NMSZ; catalog no. 1957.20. Stephen specimen No. 3 Stephen et al. (1957:181); Stephen (1962:152, text-fig. 6, pl. 1 fig. 2); Heppell & Smith (1983:33) Collins (1998:489) Received from trawler Viking Prestige almost complete, but poorly preserved.
142 14 December 1957 Misaki, Oki Islands, Japan NWP Not stated ?Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined None Hamabe (1957); Nishimura (1968:75)
143 4 February 1958 Ashiya, Hamasaka-machi, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined EL?: 4.1 m; WT: ~150 kg Kamita (1962); Nishimura (1968:75)
144 7 February 1958 off Hagi, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan NWP Not stated Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined EL?: ~6 m; WT: 170 kg Kamita (1962); Nishimura (1968:75)
145 3 March 1958 Sandane, Nordfjord, Norway NEA Not stated Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Male (mature) ML: 100 cm; WT: 48 kg;
more
VML: 87 cm; BC: 80 cm; FL: 28–32 cm; FW: 26/33 cm; HL: 30–32 cm; HW: 25 cm; AL(I): 126+ cm; AL(II): 143+ cm; AL(III): 126+ cm; AL(IV): 164 cm; LAL: 164 cm; AC(I): 16 cm; AC(II): 20 cm; AC(III): 22 cm; AC(IV): 22 cm; HeL(IV pair): 5–6 cm; AF: 4.3.2.1; TaL: 10 cm; FuL: 14 cm; FuD: 7 cm; FuCL: 12 cm; FuCW: 2.5 cm; PL: 92 cm; SoA: yes; LRL: 1.2 cm; URL: 1.5 cm
ZMUB Kjennerud (1958:1, figs. 1–9); Guerra et al. (2004b:8) Toll & Hess (1981b:753) Spermatophore and colour notes.
146 1958 Bahamas NWA EL?: 47 ft (14 m) Voss (1967) Ellis (1998a:261)
147 August 1959 off Madeira Island NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined EL?: 2.5 m Clarke (1962:173, fig. 1A) Toll & Hess (1981b:754) From male sperm whale.
148 January?, 1960 Lonja de Aviles, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux Not specified Returned to the sea WT: 100 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258)
149 6 February 1960 Arahama, Kashiwazaki-shi, Niigata Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined ML: 1.3 m; EL?: 3.5 m; WT: 112 kg Nishimura (1960:214); Nishimura (1968:75)
150 23 January 1961 Oi, Hirata-shi, Shimane Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined EL?: 2.6 m; WT: 41.2 kg Kamita (1962); Nishimura (1968:75)
151 18 February 1961 Câmara de Lobos, Madeira Island NEA From fish stomach, Alepisaurus cf. ferox Architeuthis sp. A Entire Entire Female (juvenile) ML: 57 mm [56 mm fide Roeleveld (2002:727)]; VML: 54 mm; MW: 12 mm; FL: 20 mm; FW: 15 mm; HL: 17 mm; HW: 11 mm; GiL: 16 mm; AL(I): 47 mm; AL(II): 59 mm; AL(III): 58 mm; AL(IV): 58 mm; TL: 90 mm [TL(L): 80 mm fide Roeleveld (2002:729)]; CL: 25 mm; ASD(I): 0.96 mm; ASD(II): 1.04 mm; ASD(III): 0.96 mm; ASD(IV): 0.64 mm; CSD: 0.96 mm/0.40 mm (medial/marginal); LRL: 1.0 mm; URL: 1.2 mm; extensive description and additional counts, indices, and beak measurements NMNH cat. no. 727508 [specimen NA-34 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roper & Young (1972:206, figs. 1a–c, 2–4, 5a); Roper (1992:99, figs. 160a–c); Roeleveld (2002:727) Nesis et al. (1985:526); Roper & Shea (2013:116) From stomach of lancetfish No. 18123, captured on tuna long-line at 50–150 m depth and supplied by G. E. Maul. Squid's greatly distended stomach contained largely unidentifiable material with some small fragments of fish bones. Sucker rings missing; likely degraded by digestive juices or formalin fixative. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
152 April–July 1961 near Commander Islands and western Aleutian Islands, Bering Sea NWP From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Combined beak samples Undetermined Percentage of whale diet Kodolov (1970:[158]) From sperm whales sampled in several different whaling regions of Soviet whaling flotilla Aleut during the 1961 season.
153 August 1961 Sao Miguel, Azores Islands NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined ML: 2.4 m; AL[?]: 4.4 m; WL: 6.8 m Keil (1963:320, figs. 3–5) From 16 m sperm whale.
154 16 September 1961 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One upper beak None NMML 110 Fiscus (1993:92) From male sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-535).
155 December 1961 King's Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Architeuthis sp. Entire? None "small" Undetermined Aldrich (1968); Aldrich (1991:459)
156 April–July 1962 near Commander Islands and western Aleutian Islands, Bering Sea NWP From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Combined beak samples Undetermined Percentage of whale diet Kodolov (1970:[158]) From sperm whales sampled in several different whaling regions of Soviet whaling flotilla Aleut during the 1962 season.
157 23 June 1962 Durban Whaling Station, South Africa SIO From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Body only Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 6 Male FL: 40 cm; FW: 28 cm None?; Clarke specimen No. 6 Clarke (1980:67) From sperm whale number A956.
158 1962 Donkergat Whaling Station, South Africa SEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Head only Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 1 TL: 176 cm Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 1 Clarke (1980:67, text-fig. 37A)
159 1962 Las Tiberas, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux Not specified Not specified TL: 6 m Guerra et al. (2006:258)
160 13 June 1963 Durban Whaling Station, South Africa SIO From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Head only Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 2 HL: 19 cm; HW: 15 cm; WT: 19 kg None?; Clarke specimen No. 2 Clarke (1980:67) From sperm whale number D1500.
161 15 June 1963 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One upper beak None NMML; catalog no. 111 Fiscus (1993:92) From male sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-813).
162 1963 Donkergat Whaling Station, South Africa SEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Body only Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 3 Female ML: 66.5 cm; MW: 24 cm; FL: 29 cm; FW: 16 cm Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 3 Clarke (1980:67, text-fig. 37B) From sperm whale no. 2271.
163 13 August 1963 Durban Whaling Station, South Africa SIO From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 5 ML: ~70 cm; HL: ~23 cm; FL: ~30 cm; FW: ~22 cm None?; Clarke specimen No. 5 Clarke (1980:67, text-fig. 37A) From sperm whale number 2258.
164 August?, 1963 Cook Strait, New Zealand SWP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. One beak Undetermined None Gaskin & Cawthorn (1967:170) From New Zealand whaling station; specimen No. 63

of 1963–1964 season.

165 17 December 1963 off Chile, South America (19°51′S 95°09′W / 19.850°S 95.150°W / -19.850; -95.150 (Giant squid specimen)) SEP From fish stomach, "very probably Alepisaurus" Architeuthis sp. B Entire, sucker rings degraded and missing Entire Male (juvenile) ML: 45 mm; VML: 43 mm; MW: 8 mm; FL: 14 mm; FW: 11 mm; HL: 11 mm; HW: 9 mm; GiL: 14 mm; AL(I): 20 mm; AL(II): 27 mm; AL(III): 27 mm; AL(IV): 28 mm; TL: 33 mm; CL: 14 mm; ASD(I): 0.72 mm; ASD(II): 0.88 mm; ASD(III): 0.80 mm; ASD(IV): 0.56 mm; CSD: 0.56 mm/0.24 mm (medial/marginal); extensive description and additional counts and indices NMNH; catalog no. 727509 Roper & Young (1972:206, figs. 1d–e, 5b); Roper (1992:99, figs. 160d–e) Nesis et al. (1985:526); Roper & Shea (2013:116) From lancetfish captured on long-line at 80–150 m depth by R/V Shoyo Maru (Cruise 13, Fish Station 17). Squid specimen and capture information supplied by Witek L. Klawe. Stomach found to be empty. Sucker rings missing; likely degraded by digestive juices or formalin fixative.
166 23 April 1964 Durban Whaling Station, South Africa SIO From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Body only Undetermined; Clarke specimen No. 4 ML: 58 cm; MW: 19 cm; FL: 23 cm; FW: 11.5 cm None?; Clarke specimen No. 4 Clarke (1980:67) From sperm whale number 2418.
167 1964 Southeastern Atlantic Ocean SEA From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. Map locations only Yukhov (1974:61, fig.) Multiple records from sperm whales with generalised data on distribution, depth, and sex.
168 1964 Southwestern Pacific Ocean SWP From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. Map locations only Undetermined Yukhov (1974:61, fig.) Multiple records from sperm whales with generalised data on distribution, depth, and sex.
169 1964 Southwestern Indian Ocean SIO From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. Map locations only Yukhov (1974:61, fig.) Multiple records from sperm whales with generalised data on distribution, depth, and sex.
170 23 October 1964 Conche, White Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Beaks, gladius, arms, and tentacles Female ML: 185 cm; additional measurements and description MUDB; Aldrich specimen No. 1 Aldrich (1991:461, figs. 3–4) Aldrich & Brown (1967:4, figs.); Aldrich (1968:395); Aldrich & Aldrich (1968:845, figs. 1–3); Pippy & Aldrich (1969) Cestode found in caecum by Pippy & Aldrich (1969). Tentacular regeneration documented by Aldrich & Aldrich (1968).
171 5 December 1964 Chapel Arm, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found dead on bottom Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None; discarded Female ML: 126 cm; additional measurements and description None; Aldrich specimen No. 2 Aldrich (1991:466, fig. 5) Aldrich (1968:395) Possibly seen alive in September on several occasions.
172 25 March 1965 Skagen, Denmark NEA Architeuthis Female (immature) ML: 1190 mm; TL: 5495/5307 mm; CL: 745/722 mm; CSC(L): 272; TSC(L): 300; additional indices and counts ZMUC [specimen NA-1 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:727) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
173 29 September 1965 Newman's Cove, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Portion of mantle, tail, and viscera None; discarded Female ML (estimate): 1.37 m None; Aldrich specimen No. 3 Aldrich (1991:467) Aldrich (1968:395)
174 8 October 1965 Lance Cove, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Parts (unspecified) Female ML: 127 cm; additional measurements MUDB; Aldrich specimen No. 4 Aldrich (1991:469, fig. 6) Voss (1967:407, fig.); Aldrich & Brown (1967:6, fig.); Aldrich (1968:395, fig. 2); [MIT] (2006) Used in Francis O. Schmitt's animal nerve cell research in 1965 ([MIT], 2006).
175 24 November 1965 Springdale Beach, Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None; discarded ML: 161 cm; BL(+HL?): 2.13 m; TL: 3.66 m; GL: 147 cm; additional measurements None; Aldrich specimen No. 5 Aldrich (1991:469, fig. 7) Aldrich (1968:395)
176 22 June 1966 off "Vigo, Spain" (41°32′N 9°48′W / 41.533°N 9.800°W / 41.533; -9.800 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Lower beak Undetermined Description only Clarke & MacLeod (1974:962, fig. 4)
177 around 10 October 1966 Skagerrak, north of Skagen, Denmark NEA Architeuthis Female (immature) ML: 1115 mm; TL(R): 4605 mm; CL(R): 660 mm; CSC(R): 250; TSC(R): 284; additional indices and counts ZMUC [specimen NA-2 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:727) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
178 9 November 1966 Sweet Bay, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire; tentacles missing and arms incomplete Entire Female ML: 142 cm; additional measurements and description MUDB; Aldrich specimen No. 6 Aldrich (1991:470) Aldrich & Brown (1967:8, fig.); Aldrich (1968:395) Aldrich (1968:395) gives date as 11 November.
179 24 November 1966 Wild Cove, Fogo Island, Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire, badly mutilated None; discarded Female ML: 107 cm; additional measurements None; Aldrich specimen No. 7 Aldrich (1991:471) Aldrich (1968:395)
180 25 November 1966 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One upper beak None NMML; catalog no. 112 Fiscus (1993:92) From male sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1966-165).
181 28 November 1966 Eddie's Cove East, Strait of Belle Isle, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire, putrefied None; discarded None None; Aldrich specimen No. 8 Aldrich (1991:471) Aldrich (1968:395)
182 1 December 1966 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One lower beak fragment None NMML; catalog no. 113 Fiscus (1993:92) From female sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1966-177).
183 9 December 1966 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One upper beak None NMML; catalog no. 114 Fiscus (1993:92) From male sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1966-185).
184 12 May 1967 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One pair of beaks None NMML; catalog no. 115 Fiscus & Rice (1974:92, fig. 1); Fiscus et al. (1989:6); Fiscus (1993:93) From female sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1967-128).
185 6 June 1967 off Iceland (64E50'N, 29E30'W) NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Seven beaks Undetermined Specimen weights estimated Clarke & MacLeod (1976:742) From 53 ft (16 m) male sperm whale (no. 121).
186 July–August 1967 in Denmark Strait NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Beaks (as percentage of diet) Martin & Clarke (1986:785) Roe (1969:93) as unidentified beaks From 57 male sperm whales processed at Hvalur H.F. whaling station on west coast of Iceland.
187 22 July – 23 August 1967 off Iceland NEA From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. Two beaks Undetermined Specimen weights estimated Clarke & MacLeod (1976:742) Mixed samples from stomachs of five male sperm whales 47–53 ft (14–16 m) long.
188 23 April 1968 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One upper beak None NMML; catalog no. 116 Fiscus (1993:93) From female sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1968-108).
189 23 April 1968 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One upper beak fragment None NMML; catalog no. 117 Fiscus (1993:93) From male sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1968-109).
190 14 May 1968 Tokyo Bay, off Miura Peninsula, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan NWP Found stranded on beach Architeuthis Entire? Single tentacle? EL: 6 m; WT: 35 kg; TL: 3200 mm [length of single extant tentacle] Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park Aquarium Suyehiro (1968); Kubodera & Yamada (2001:238) [Anonymous] (2014f) Stranded on Miura beach two days before Tokachi earthquake of 16 May 1968. Single tentacle deposited at Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park Aquarium may belong to this specimen; see Kubodera & Yamada (2001:238).
191 1968 Puerto de Vega, Asturias, Spain NEA Caught by ship Architeuthis dux Entire? Beak EL?: 7 m Guerra et al. (2006:258) Caught by the ship Matías Bengoechea.
192 July–November 1968 off central California, United States ("Region II"; 34°34'–36°N 121°–123°W) NEP From fish stomach, Thunnus alalunga (albacore) Architeuthidae, Unidentified sp. One specimen; beaks? None Iverson (1971:14, 34) Roper & Young (1972:221) Single architeuthid specimen from 905 examined albacore stomachs (of which 286 from "Region II").
193 13 June 1969 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One upper beak None NMML; catalog no. 118 Fiscus (1993:93) From female sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1969-143).
194 1969 east of Lake Worth, Florida, United States NWA Unknown RSMAS Voss (1996) Ellis (1998a:262)
195 1969 Las Tiberas, Asturias, Spain NEA Caught by ship Architeuthis dux Tentacle TL: 6 m Guerra et al. (2006:258) Caught by the ship Saturno Juan.
196 10 July 1969 Luanco (Gozón), Asturias, Spain NEA Caught by sport fishermen Architeuthis dux Entire? WT: 250 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258) Caught by sport fishermen from Oviedo. Heaviest recorded giant squid from Asturias.
197 1969 Puerto de Figueras, Asturias, Spain NEA Recovered dead Architeuthis dux Entire? EL?: 7.90 m; WT: 120 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258) Recovered dead by José Manuel Méndez and Bote Carducha.
198 19 November 1969 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One lower beak fragment None NMML; catalog no. 119 Fiscus (1993:93) From male sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1969-201).
199 24 February 1970 off central California, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One lower beak fragment None NMML; catalog no. 120 Fiscus (1993:94) From male sperm whale (specimen no. Rice-1970-001).
200 1970 San Juan, Puerto Rico NWA Unknown RSMAS Voss (1996) Ellis (1998a:262)
201 18 September 1970 off Saint-Pierre Island, Grand Banks, Atlantic Ocean NWA By trawl Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire None FOSJ; Aldrich specimen No. 9 Aldrich (1991:471) Presented by Government of France in October 1970.
202 31 October 1970 near Azores Islands (38°34′N 28°11′W / 38.567°N 28.183°W / 38.567; -28.183 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA From shark stomach, Centroscymnus coelolepis Architeuthis sp. "Flesh" Undetermined None Clarke & Merrett (1972:601)
203 November 1970 Tasman Sea SWP From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. One entire; 54 lower beaks Undetermined Female ML: 41.5 cm; BC: 26 cm; AL: 32–49.5 cm; TL: 140 cm; FL: 20 cm; FW: 8 cm; plus estimates of other specimen weights from beaks Clarke & MacLeod (1982:34) Combined data from stomachs of 66 sperm whales taken at various locations in the Tasman Sea.
204 30 December 1970 off Botany Bay, New South Wales, eastern Australia SWP From shortfin mako shark stomach, Isurus oxyrinchus Architeuthis sp. Beak Undetermined ML(estimate): 567 mm Dunning et al. (1993:129)
205 November–April 1970 – 1973 southeastern Atlantic Ocean (30°–43°S) SEA From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. Stomach contents Undetermined None Vovk et al. (1975[1978:131]) Specimens from sperm whales taken on 3 cruises (14 stations) of Antarctic whaling factory ship Yury Dolgoruky during November to April 1970 – 1973.
206 November–April 1970 – 1973 Atlantic sector of Southern Ocean SEA From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis sp. Stomach contents Undetermined None Vovk et al. (1975[1978:131]) Specimens from sperm whales taken on 3 cruises (42 stations) of Antarctic whaling factory ship Yury Dolgoruky during November to April 1970 – 1973.
207 March 1971 Carrandi, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux Entire? WT: 80 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258) Collected by the boat Divino San Antonio.
208 Unknown (reported 1971) Indian Ocean SIO From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined EL?: 19 m Berzin (1971:[199, fig. 98]) Taken from sperm whale stomach by whaling flotilla Sovetskaya Ukraina.
209 18 November 1971 Sunnyside, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland NWA Not stated Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Arms and tentacles only Female ML: 177 cm; additional measurements MUDB; Aldrich specimen No. 10 Aldrich (1991:471, fig. 8A-B)
210 Unknown (reported 1972) off east coast of Florida, United States NWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Male (mature) ML: 664 mm RSMAS; catalog no. UMML 31.1762 Toll & Hess (1981b:753) Roper & Young (1972:220)
211 February 1972 Puerto de El Musel, Asturias, Spain NEA Found floating at surface in visible state of decomposition Architeuthis dux EL?: ~3 m Guerra et al. (2006:258) Observed[?] by Martino Andres.
212 July 1972 near Rakautura, Kaikoura, New Zealand SWP Found floating at surface Architeuthis sp. Entire Club suckers TL: ~8 m Lost Förch (1998:106) Dangerfield (2013b) Found by fishermen Gus and Ken Garbes. Could not be towed in due to bad weather; pieces cut off for use as bait.
213 1972 off Durban, South Africa SIO From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female ML: 1450 mm; extensive additional measurements, illustrations, and description SAM; catalog no. S1867 Roeleveld & Lipiński (1991:432, pls.)
214 1972 off Newfoundland NWA By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire EL: 8.2 m; WT: 207 kg Aquário Vasco da Gama, Lisbon Marques (2002) On display at aquarium (see information document).
215 8 December 1972 eastern equatorial Atlantic (6°34′S 5°00′W / 6.567°S 5.000°W / -6.567; -5.000 (Giant squid specimen)) SEA Found in stomach contents of blue shark (Prionace glauca) Architeuthis sp. Jaws plus pieces of mantle, arms, tentacle Undetermined; beaks? TL(piece): 2 m; TSD: ~2 cm; ML(estimate): 70–75 cm Nigmatullin (1976:29, fig. 1) From stomach of 2 m long blue shark.
216 14 May 1974 off Green Point light house, Table Bay, South Africa SEA Found floating at surface, alive Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female (maturing–mature?) ML: 1700 mm; LRL: 16.7 mm; URL: 17.0 mm; extensive measurements, illustrations, and description SAM; catalog no. S1868 [specimen SA-2 of Roeleveld (2000)] Roeleveld & Lipiński (1991:433, pls.); Roeleveld (2000:185) Found barely alive by Capt. Hennie Smith. Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
217 October 1974 South African waters (28°S 14°11'E) SEA By trawl; taken by fisheries vessel Architeuthis sp. Entire Piece of arm and tentacle WT: 220 kg SAM Pérez-Gándaras & Guerra (1989:114)
218 18 February 1975 Verdalsøra, Trondheimsfjorden, Norway NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined TL: 7.96 m; WT: 68.9 kg Holthe (1975:174)
219 28 October 1975 Bonavista, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None; discarded Male (mature) ML: 132 cm; additional measurements None; Aldrich specimen No. 11 Aldrich (1991:472, fig. 9A–D) Mature male with hectocotylus and spermatophores.
220 26 January 1976 off Joban District, Japan (36°39′N 141°51′E / 36.650°N 141.850°E / 36.650; 141.850 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Tentacle only Undetermined None Okutani et al. (1976:85) Ohsumi & Satake (1976) From 10.6 m long male sperm whale (no. 56).
221 26 January 1976 off Joban District, Japan (36°40′N 141°53′E / 36.667°N 141.883°E / 36.667; 141.883 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Tentacle only Undetermined None Okutani et al. (1976:85) Ohsumi & Satake (1976) From 11.7 m long male sperm whale (no. 58).
222 3 February 1976 off Joban District, Japan (36°44′N 141°33′E / 36.733°N 141.550°E / 36.733; 141.550 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Entire Undetermined ML: 58.5 cm Okutani et al. (1976:85, pl. 7) Ohsumi & Satake (1976) From 13.0 m long male sperm whale (no. 75).
223 4 February 1976 off Joban District, Japan (36°46′N 141°58′E / 36.767°N 141.967°E / 36.767; 141.967 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Mantle only Undetermined None Okutani et al. (1976:85) Ohsumi & Satake (1976) From 9.5 m long female sperm whale (no. 79).
224 March 1976 Wellington south coast, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire NMNZ; photographs only Förch (1998:106)
225 August 1976 off Vancouver, Oregon, United States NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Entire? Undetermined ML: ~2 m Nesis et al. (1985:523)
226 September 1976 off South Africa (27°42′S 14°13′E / 27.700°S 14.217°E / -27.700; 14.217 (Giant squid specimen)) SEA By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined WL: 4.5 m; WT: 200 kg; TL: ~6 m; ML: 195 cm; radula Pérez-Gándaras & Guerra (1978:401, figs. 1–4) Nesis et al. (1985:518) Stomach contents analysed.
227 19 November 1977 Firth of Forth, North Berwick, Scotland (56°03.5′N 02°43′W / 56.0583°N 2.717°W / 56.0583; -2.717 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire Entire; dissected, parts preserved separately Female ML: 161 cm; HL: 43 cm; AL: 230 cm; TL: 440 cm; FL: 67 cm; FW: 55 cm NMSZ; catalog no. 1978090.1 Heppell (1977:63); Heppell (1978:89); Heppell & Smith (1983:34) Collins (1998:489)
228 21 November 1977 Lance Cove, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire None Unknown size None; Aldrich specimen No. 12 Aldrich (1991:472) Report only; specimen not observed.
229 April 1978 Jiaonon, Shandong Province, China NWP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Beaks Undetermined None Dong (1984:328, fig. 2.1) From stranded sperm whale.
230 9 June 1978 Miura Peninsula, Japan NWP Not stated Architeuthis cf. japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Entire Entire, missing fins, tentacles, and arm tips Female ML: 540 mm; AL(IV): 830 mm [longest arm IV, missing tip] Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park Aquarium Kubodera & Yamada (2001:238, pl. 2A) Specimen donated to aquarium by Kurihama Thermoelectric Power Plant. Tentatively assigned to A. japonica based on relative lengths of mantle and longest arm IV.
231 ~15 June 1978 near Mack Arch, Oregon, North Pacific Ocean NEP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Sucker rings WT: 225 lb (102 kg) SBMNH; catalog no. 60119 [Anonymous] (1978a); [Anonymous] (1978b) Caught by commercial fisherman G. Steffensmier.
232 21 June 1978 off Fort Lauderdale, Straits of Florida, United States NWA From fish stomach, Xiphias gladius (swordfish) Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Male (mature) ML: 167+ mm; GL: 179 mm; additional extensive description RSMAS; catalog no. UMML 31.1761 Toll & Hess (1981b:754, fig. 1) Toll & Hess (1981a:768); Hess & Toll (1981:162, fig. 4); Roper (1992:99); Roeleveld (2002:736); Roper & Shea (2013:116) From stomach of female swordfish (205 cm fork length). Very small mature specimen with spermatophores (subadult according to Roper & Shea, 2013). Toll & Hess (1981b) suggested it might be an undescribed dwarf species and Roeleveld (2002:736) wrote of this specimen: "It probably represents a distinct species and perhaps even a separate genus."
233 July 1978 Gisborne, New Zealand SWP Trawl capture Architeuthis sp. Entire Förch (1998:106) The Gisborne Herald (photographs)
234 late 1978 Cheynes Beach, Albany, Western Australia SWP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Two specimens Undetermined WT(larger specimen): 280 kg Wallaroo Heritage and Nautical Museum, South Australia (smaller specimen) [Anonymous] (1980:27); Zeidler (1996:7) Zeidler & Gowlett-Holmes (1996:85); Sea Frontiers Caught by Cheynes Beach Whaling Co., Albany, Western Australia. Larger specimen used in promotional displays.
235 Unknown (reported 1979) Noto, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan NWP In floating blanket net Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined TL: 5.5 m; WT: 97 kg Satomi (1979) Kitaguni Newspaper (photograph) [fide Sweeney & Roper (2001:75); "T. Kubodera (pers. comm.)"]
236 1979 Newfoundland NWA By trawl EL: 31 ft (9.4 m) Ellis (1998a:263) ["Stephen, pers. comm. (1997)"] Captured by Spanish trawler.
237 20 August 1979 Cortez Bank, California, United States, at 550 fathoms (1,010 m) depth NEP Sablefish trap Architeuthis japonica? Tentacle only; recovered from trap Tentacle SBMNH; catalog no. 60117 Hochberg (in prep.) [fide Sweeney & Roper (2001:81)]
238 19 November 1979 Saint Brendan's, Cottel's Island, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire, in several pieces None; discarded Female ML: 154 cm; additional measurements None; Aldrich specimen No. 13 Aldrich (1991:473)
239 Unknown (reported 1980) Oregon, United States NEP Found washed ashore Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Entire? Undetermined None Hochberg & Fields (1980:434) Nesis et al. (1985:523)
240 early February 1980 Plum Island, Massachusetts, United States; see map NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire, missing eyes, long feeding tentacles, most arm tips, and skin; lost when the squid washed ashore Entire Female WL: 2.7 m; ML: ~2 m; EL(estimate): ~9/~10 m; WT: 200 kg NMNH; catalog no. 814000 Roper & Boss (1982:96); Clark (1983); Conley-Early (1995:48); Feldman (1996); Whalen (2009) Wu (2018) Originally displayed at the New England Aquarium. Given as gift to NMNH in 1982. Featured in the Smithsonian Institution's monthly newspaper, The Torch, in February 1983 (Clark, 1983). From 2009, displayed in the Cold Water Quest Gallery of Georgia Aquarium on loan from NMNH.
241 March–April 1980 about 250 miles (400 km) off California (34°39'–35°39'N 126°25'–127°28'W), North Pacific Ocean, at 25–40 to 90 m depth NEP By trawl Architeuthis sp. 18 entire specimens Undetermined ML: 50–77 cm (ML(average): 62.5 cm); additional measurements, indices, and descriptions Nesis et al. (1985:519, figs. 1–3) Eighteen specimens taken in 9 trawls.
* No date given North Pacific (35°20′N 126°43′W / 35.333°N 126.717°W / 35.333; -126.717 (Giant squid specimen)) NEP Architeuthis Tentacles only ML(estimate): ~500 mm; TL: 1030/1570 mm; CL: 311/357 mm; CSC: 247/246; TSC: >273/>274; additional indices and counts P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology [specimen NP-33 of Roeleveld (2002)] Nesis et al. (1985:519); Roeleveld (2002:727) One of the 18 specimens from record #226. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
242 2 July 1980 1,500 miles (2,400 km) off Oregon, Northeast Pacific (42°35′N 148°35′W / 42.583°N 148.583°W / 42.583; -148.583 (Giant squid specimen)) at 15 m depth NEP By pelagic trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire, minus arms and tentacles ML(fresh): 164 cm; FL(fresh): 75 cm; FW(fresh): 43 cm; description of thawed plus preserved specimen ZMMGU Nesis et al. (1985:518) Taken by R/V Novoul'yanovsk with 133 m pelagic trawl.
243 1980 off New South Wales coast, Eastern Australia SWP From smooth hammerhead stomach, Sphyrna zygaena Architeuthis sp. Beak Undetermined ML(estimate): 706 mm Dunning et al. (1993:124)
244 1980 Vertical de Cudillero, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux At least a tentacle WT(of tentacle?): 100 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258) Attempt made to haul aboard a tentacle weighing 100 kg [?], but material was discarded upon observation of its poor state. Seen from the ship Oñaegea.
245 20 August 1980 South African waters SEA By trawl; taken by fisheries vessel Architeuthis sp. Entire None ML: 0.81 m Pérez-Gándaras & Guerra (1989:114)
246 21 October 1980 Patton Escarpment, California, United States (32°28′30″N 120°15′48″W / 32.47500°N 120.26333°W / 32.47500; -120.26333 (Giant squid specimen)) at 500–600 m depth NEP By RMT-8 midwater trawl Architeuthis sp. Tentacle club and stalk Tentacle club and stalk CL: 41.5 cm SBMNH; catalog no. 60120 Robison (1989:39, figs. 1–2)
247 February 1981 Kāne'ohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands NEP By hook and line Architeuthis sp. Entire Beak plus piece of flesh WL?: 20 ft (6.1 m) Undetermined Higa (1981:9) Taken alive while trolling by M. Yoshida and D. Maeda; attacked by false killer whale during retrieval.
248 10 February 1981 ~10 mi (16 km) offshore from Kahana Bay, Oahu, Hawaii NEP Caught by fisherman "likely to be of the genus Architeuthis" At least head and arms; skin and eye(s) intact (adult) EyD(estimate): at least 270 mm; pupil diameter(estimate): 90 mm Nilsson et al. (2012:683) Caught by fisherman Henry Olsen. Photograph of freshly caught specimen taken by Ernie Choy at pier shows head with undamaged eye; used by Nilsson et al. (2012) to estimate eye and pupil diameter on basis of standard fuel hose visible in frame (findings of paper summarised by Partridge, 2012; challenged by Schmitz, 2013; Schmitz et al., 2013a; Schmitz et al., 2013b; defended by Nilsson et al., 2013).
249 20 May 1981 Vavilov Ridge, Southeast Atlantic (7°56′S 0°57′E / 7.933°S 0.950°E / -7.933; 0.950 (Giant squid specimen)) at 400–470 m depth SEA By 110 m cable-trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Tentacles plus part of viscera; remainder lost TL(fresh): 420 + 400 cm; TL(fixed): 287 + 269 cm; additional counts, measurements, and description Undetermined Nesis et al. (1985:522) Taken by R/V Novoukrainka.
250 1981 Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux Entire? EL?: 10 m Guerra et al. (2006:258) Displayed in a Gijón fish shop before being sold at a market in Avilés.
251 3 August 1981 Orange River mouth, Southeast Atlantic (27°45′S 10°45′E / 27.750°S 10.750°E / -27.750; 10.750 (Giant squid specimen)) at 18–95 m depth SEA By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire ML: 81 cm; TL: 364 cm; WT: 11.8 kg Undetermined Nesis et al. (1985:522) Taken by R/V Novoukrainka.
252 7 September 1981 Azores Islands NEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Lower beak Undetermined LRL: 14.1 mm Clarke (1986:fig. 22b)
253 11 October 1981 Tasman Sea (33°19.4′S 155°00.3′E / 33.3233°S 155.0050°E / -33.3233; 155.0050 (Giant squid specimen)) at 20 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Larva ML: 10.3 mm NMV Lu (1986:9, fig.); Roper (1992:99, fig. 161) Zeidler & Gowlett-Holmes (1996:85); Roper & Shea (2013:116) Captured by FRV Soela at 1450 hours.
254 14 November 1981 Hare Bay, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire Female ML: 159 cm; additional measurements Natural History Branch of Newfoundland Museum; catalog no. MO-1692. Aldrich specimen No. 14 Aldrich (1991:473)
255 Christmas 1981 Playa de Luarca, Asturias, Spain NEA Found washed ashore on beach Architeuthis dux Entire?; poor condition Guerra et al. (2006:258) Found by Secundino González and Manuel Pico.
256 1981–1984 Azores NEA From sperm whale stomachs Architeuthis ?dux Steenstrup, 1860 Beaks Undetermined WT(estimated average): 23 kg; ML(estimated average): 1 m Clarke et al. (1993:71) Found in stomach contents of 76.5% of 17 sperm whales sampled during 1981–1984.
257 30 January 1982 off New South Wales, Australia (33°44′S 153°00′E / 33.733°S 153.000°E / -33.733; 153.000 (Giant squid specimen)) from surface to 600 m depth SWP By oblique pelagic trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined Female (juvenile) ML: 42.2 cm Jackson et al. (1991:331) Zeidler & Gowlett-Holmes (1996:85); Roper & Shea (2013:116)
258 July 1982 North Canterbury, New Zealand SWP Trawl capture Architeuthis sp. Entire Partial club NMNZ; NMNZ M77446 Förch (1998:106)
259 23 August 1982 off shore, Radøy (near Bergen), Norway NEA By hook and line, caught alive Architeuthis monachus (Steenstrup in Harting, 1860) Entire Undetermined EL: ~10 m; TL: ~7.3 m; WT: ~220 kg ZMUB? Brix (1983:422, fig. 1) Brix et al. (1989:34); Hoving et al. (2006:158) Caught in 5 m deep bay; dying at time of capture. Blood study by Brix et al. (1989).
260 September 1982 Fladen Ground, northern North Sea, c. 100 miles (160 km) northeast of Aberdeen, Scotland (c. 59°00′N 0°30′E / 59°N 0.5°E / 59; 0.5 (Giant squid specimen)), depth unknown but 100–150 m in area NEA By trawl Architeuthis spec. Entire; most of viscera missing, posterior tail and fins cut off, small piece of testis present, fragments of reddish membrane (which normally covers viscera) present, spermatangia deeply implanted in left arm IV (180–350 mm from base) Entire Male (mature?) ML: 900 mm; MT(max.): 22 mm; WT: ≥18 kg (much lower than fresh mass); AL(I): 700+/750+ mm; AL(II): 610+/870+ mm; AL(III): 980+/790+ mm; AL(IV): 830+/940+ mm; TL: 810+/1040+ mm; EyD: 80 mm; GiL: 250 mm; FuD: 55 mm; FuCL: 115 mm; ASD(largest): 15 mm [measurements taken after almost 25 years of preservation in formalin] National Museum of Natural History, Leiden (public galleries) Hoving et al. (2006:153) Caught by beam trawler Urk 56, operating from IJmuiden harbour. First giant squid caught by Dutch fishermen. Probably mature, having spermatangia (inverted spermatophores) implanted in ventral arm.
261 30 October 1982 Sandy Cove, Fogo Island, Notre Dame Bay, Newfoundland NWA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire, in poor condition Entire? Female ML: 169 cm; additional measurements NMSJ; catalog no. MO-1693. Aldrich specimen No. 15 Aldrich (1991:474, fig. 10) "Had engaged in battle with what apparently was another cephalopod".
262 30 December 1982 Kuzuareyama coast of Noh-machi, Niigata Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Entire Undetermined WL?: 3.98 m; WT: 120 kg Honma et al. (1983:23, fig. 1)
263 1983 Las Tiberas, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux WT(dead): 150 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258) Collected by "El Dioni" of Avilés.
264 19 August 1983 west coast of North Island, New Zealand (39°03′S 174°04′E / 39.050°S 174.067°E / -39.050; 174.067 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire None; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 1 ML: 2035 mm; HL: ~0.5 m; WT: >200 kg; ASD: 23 mm NMNZ; NMNZ M79971. Gauldie et al. specimen No. 1 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1983:6, fig.); Förch (1998:specimen 1) Found in New Plymouth power station cooling water intake.
265 8–9 January 1984 Cove Bay (near Aberdeen), Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis cf. dux Entire Undetermined Female WL: ~4.23 m; ML: ~1.75 m; GL: 1.57 m; BC: 1.40 m; HC: 0.88 m; WT: ~168 kg; ED: <1.0-<0.5 mm Nixon (1984:4); Boyle (1986:81) Boyle (1984:12); Collins (1998:489) Tested for buoyancy. Egg count estimated at >10×106.
266 8 March 1984 Auckland Islands (51°16′S 166°52′E / 51.267°S 166.867°E / -51.267; 166.867 (Giant squid specimen)) at 533 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 2 Female ML: 1930 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 2 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 2) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Shinkai Maru.
267 12 April 1984 southeast coast of North Island, New Zealand (41°11′S 176°44′E / 41.183°S 176.733°E / -41.183; 176.733 (Giant squid specimen)) at 870–1100 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 3 Female ML: 930 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 3 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 5) O'Shea (2007b)
268 April 1984 3 miles (4.8 km) from Tazones, Asturias, Spain NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux Entire? WL: 3–4 m Guerra et al. (2006:258) Captured by Antonio Coro.
269 3 May 1984 west coast of North Island, New Zealand (40°54′S 176°14′E / 40.900°S 176.233°E / -40.900; 176.233 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Found floating Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 4 Female ML: 1770 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 4 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 3)
270 9 May 1984 Cape Palliser, Wellington, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire? Undetermined None Stevens (1988:150)
271 12 May 1984 south coast of North Island, New Zealand (41°17′S 174°47′E / 41.283°S 174.783°E / -41.283; 174.783 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 5 Female ML: 1825 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 5 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 4) Stevens (1988:150, fig. 3)
272 May 1984 Namibia, South African waters SEA By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined ML: 1250 mm[?]; WT: 38 kg; MW: 390 mm; HW: 250 mm; FL: 570 mm; FW: 280 mm[?]; TL: 4750 mm Pérez-Gándaras & Guerra (1989:115) Taken by fisheries vessel.
273 June 1984 west coast hoki grounds, South Island, New Zealand SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Förch (1998:106) Caught by F/V Arrow.
274 1984 Cal. Sierra d Oviedo, Asturias, Spain NEA From shark stomach Architeuthis dux Severed tentacle TC: >10 cm Guerra et al. (2006:258)
275 25 July 1984 northwest coast of South Island, New Zealand (41°05′S 170°52′E / 41.083°S 170.867°E / -41.083; 170.867 (Giant squid specimen)) at 475 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Entire Female ML: 1560 mm; TL(R): 7500 mm; CSC(R): 250; additional indices and counts NMNZ; NMNZ M.86826; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 6 [specimen NZ-6 of Roeleveld (2002)] Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 6); Roeleveld (2002:727) O'Shea (2007b) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
276 24 September 1984 southwest coast of South Island, New Zealand (46°18′S 166°30′E / 46.300°S 166.500°E / -46.300; 166.500 (Giant squid specimen)) at 365 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Entire Female ML: 2020 mm; TL: 6325/7250 mm; CL: 925/925 mm; CSC: 287/287; TSC: 310/310; additional indices and counts NMNZ; NMNZ M.79976; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 7 [specimen NZ-7 of Roeleveld (2002)] Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 7); Roeleveld (2002:727) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Tengawai. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
277 Unknown (sampled during 1984–1990) San Miguel Island, California, United States NEP From northern elephant seal stomach, Mirounga angustirostris Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks Undetermined None Antonelis et al. (1994:214) From three northern elephant seals, sampled during 1984–1990.
278 6 June 1985 New Zealand (47°04′S 169°32′E / 47.067°S 169.533°E / -47.067; 169.533 (Giant squid specimen)) at 310 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Female ML: ~2000 mm Förch (1998:106) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Daishin Maru 23.
279 23 July 1985 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
280 31 July 1985 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
281 26 August 1985 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
282 28 August 1985 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
283 29 August 1985 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
284 1 September 1985 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
285 Unknown (reported 1986) Unknown ? From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Buccal mass and beak Beak LRL: 18.8 mm Undetermined Clarke (1986:fig. 22a) From sperm whale stomach (G17A65).
286 Unknown (reported 1986) South Africa SEA From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Lower beak Beak LRL: 17.2 mm Undetermined Clarke (1986:fig. 23)
287 Unknown (reported 1986) Azores Islands NEA Not stated Architeuthis sp. Lower beak Lower beak ML: 1980 mm; LRL: 19.4 mm Undetermined Clarke (1986:fig. 24a)
288 29 January 1986 off Aberdeen, Scotland NEA By trawl Architeuthis cf. dux Entire None; sold commercially WL: 2.98 m; ML: 1.45 m; BC: 1.10 m; AC: 0.22 m; WT: ~90 kg Boyle (1986:82) Collins (1998:489) Caught by fishing vessel; measurements by Mr. G. Howard.
289 March 1986 near mouth of Orange River, South Africa (27°52′S 14°40′E / 27.867°S 14.667°E / -27.867; 14.667 (Giant squid specimen)) at 510–550 m depth SEA By bottom trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female (maturing) ML: 1680 mm; LRL: 17.4 mm; URL: 17.1 mm; extensive measurements, illustrations, and description SAM; catalog no. S1681 [specimen SA-3 of Roeleveld (2000)] Roeleveld & Lipiński (1991:433, pls.); Roeleveld (2000:185) Taken by MT Pardelhas. Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
290 31 March 1986 Auckland Islands (50°50′S 166°51′E / 50.833°S 166.850°E / -50.833; 166.850 (Giant squid specimen)) at 296 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 8 Female ML: 1720 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 8 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 11) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Akebono Maru 73.
291 11 April 1986 northeast coast of North Island, New Zealand (35°43′S 174°20′E / 35.717°S 174.333°E / -35.717; 174.333 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Found floating Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 9 Male ML: 1260 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 9 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 9)
292 17 April 1986 east coast of South Island, New Zealand (43°38′S 174°43′E / 43.633°S 174.717°E / -43.633; 174.717 (Giant squid specimen)) at 470 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Entire Female ML: 1815 mm; TL: 3150/3110 mm; CSC: 257/248; TSC(R): 279; additional indices and counts NMNZ; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 10 [specimen NZ-12 of Roeleveld (2002)] Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 12); Roeleveld (2002:727) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Banshu Maru 8. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
293 27 May 1986 southwest coast of South Island, New Zealand (46°32′S 166°11′E / 46.533°S 166.183°E / -46.533; 166.183 (Giant squid specimen)) at 604 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Entire Female ML: 1830 mm; CL: 840 mm; additional indices and counts NMNZ; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 11 [specimen NZ-13 of Roeleveld (2002)] Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 13); Roeleveld (2002:727) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Daishin Maru 28. O'Shea (2007b) gives date as 27 April. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
294 18 July 1986 west coast of South Island, New Zealand (42°03′S 170°26′E / 42.050°S 170.433°E / -42.050; 170.433 (Giant squid specimen)) at 450/500 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 12 ML: 1380 mm; WT: 43.5 kg; see Förch (1998:110) None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 12 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:107) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Dolomit.
295 19 July 1986 east coast of Tasmania, Australia SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis [Anonymous] (2007b) Trivedi (2002)
296 8 September 1986 east coast of South Island, New Zealand (43°43′S 174°56′E / 43.717°S 174.933°E / -43.717; 174.933 (Giant squid specimen)) at 480 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 13 Female ML: 2140 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 13 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch 1998:specimen 14) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Banshu Maru 8.
297 26 February 1987 east coast of South Island, New Zealand (44°09′S 173°44′E / 44.150°S 173.733°E / -44.150; 173.733 (Giant squid specimen)) at 350 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Entire Male [female? fide Roeleveld (2002:727)] ML: 1900 mm; CL: 755 mm; CSC: 222; additional indices and counts NMNZ; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 14 [specimen NZ-8 of Roeleveld (2002)] Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 8); Roeleveld (2002:727) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Daishin Maru 22. Roeleveld (2002) and O'Shea (2007b) give coordinates of 44°09′S 173°35′E / 44.150°S 173.583°E / -44.150; 173.583 (Giant squid specimen) and O'Shea (2007b) gives depth of 312–356 m. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
298 5 March 1987 off Shetland Islands NEA By trawl Architeuthis sp. Undetermined ML: 1100 mm Collins (1998:489)
299 April–July 1987 approximately 40°S 120°W / 40°S 120°W / -40; -120 (Giant squid specimen), South Pacific SEP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Eight juveniles Undetermined (juveniles) None Alexeyev (1994:156, map) Taken in subantarctic waters by R/V Vozrozhdeniye, cruise XI.
300 3 May 1987 southeast coast of North Island, New Zealand (41°31′S 176°43′E / 41.517°S 176.717°E / -41.517; 176.717 (Giant squid specimen)) at 360 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 15 Female ML: 1610 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 15 Gauldie et al. (1994:94) Förch (1998:107); O'Shea (2007b) Listed in table as 3 April. Used for statolith study.
301 9 May 1987 east coast of South Island, New Zealand (43°38′S 174°14′E / 43.633°S 174.233°E / -43.633; 174.233 (Giant squid specimen)) at 506 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 16 Female ML: 2135 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 16 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:specimen 15) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Daishin Maru 28.
302 1987 near Sydney, Australia SWP By trawl? Architeuthis sp. Entire? Undetermined WT: 150 kg Gannon (1996) "150 kg monster landed near Sydney in 1987"
303 19 July 1987 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
304 20 July 1987 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
305 26 July 1987 west coast of South Island, New Zealand (42°35′S 170°23′E / 42.583°S 170.383°E / -42.583; 170.383 (Giant squid specimen)) at 503 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 17 ML: 1300 mm; see Förch (1998:110) None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 17 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:107) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Zuiyo 3.
306 26 July 1987 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
307 28 July 1987 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
308 16 August 1987 west coast of South Island, New Zealand (41°21′S 170°30′E / 41.350°S 170.500°E / -41.350; 170.500 (Giant squid specimen)) at 464 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 18 ML: 1370 mm; WT: 70 kg; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 18 Gauldie et al. (1994:94) Förch (1998:108); O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Zuiyo 3.
309 25 August 1987 west coast of South Island, New Zealand (41°31′S 170°34′E / 41.517°S 170.567°E / -41.517; 170.567 (Giant squid specimen)) at 410–608 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 19 Female ML: 1230 mm; see Förch (1998:110) None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 19 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:108) O'Shea (2007b)
310 2 September 1987 east of Auckland Islands (51°18′S 170°23′E / 51.300°S 170.383°E / -51.300; 170.383 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 20 ML: 1780 mm; see Förch (1998:110) None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 20 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:108) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Mys Kronotsky.
311 13 October 1987 south coast of South Island, New Zealand (46°24′S 166°23′E / 46.400°S 166.383°E / -46.400; 166.383 (Giant squid specimen)) at 487 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 21 ML: 1770 mm; see Förch (1998:110) None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 21 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:108) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Chiyo Maru 2.
312 October 1987 South African waters (29°46′S 14°43′E / 29.767°S 14.717°E / -29.767; 14.717 (Giant squid specimen)) SEA By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined ML: 1790 mm[?]; WT: 130 kg; MW: 485 mm; HW: 240 mm; FL: 720 mm; FW: 360 mm Pérez-Gándaras & Guerra (1989:115) Taken by fisheries vessel.
313 4 November 1987 south coast of South Island, New Zealand (47°32′S 169°10′E / 47.533°S 169.167°E / -47.533; 169.167 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 22 ML: 2010 mm; see Förch (1998:110) None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 22 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:108) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Chiyo Maru.
314 5 November 1987 southwest coast of South Island, New Zealand (46°31′S 166°30′E / 46.517°S 166.500°E / -46.517; 166.500 (Giant squid specimen)) at 550 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 23 ML: 1770 mm; no other measurements None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 23 Gauldie et al. (1994:94) Förch (1998:108); O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Chiyo Maru 2.
315 26 November 1987 off New Zealand (47°29′S 169°35′E / 47.483°S 169.583°E / -47.483; 169.583 (Giant squid specimen)) at 540 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
316 5 December 1987 New Zealand (47°28′S 169°35′E / 47.467°S 169.583°E / -47.467; 169.583 (Giant squid specimen)) at 540 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire WT: ~80 kg Förch (1998:108) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Chiyo Maru 2.
317 6 December 1987 New Zealand (47°30′S 169°19′E / 47.500°S 169.317°E / -47.500; 169.317 (Giant squid specimen)) at 550 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire WT: ~20 kg Förch (1998:108) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Chiyo Maru 2.
318 late 1987 hoki grounds, South Island, New Zealand SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined; Förch specimen No. 10 Female ML: 1830 mm; no other measurements None?; Förch specimen No. 10 Förch (1998:107)
319 25 January 1988 Auckland Islands (51°00′S 166°42′E / 51.000°S 166.700°E / -51.000; 166.700 (Giant squid specimen)) at 495 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire Undetermined; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 24 ML: 1880 mm; WT: ~150 kg; see Förch (1998:110) None?; Gauldie et al. specimen No. 24 Gauldie et al. (1994:94); Förch (1998:108) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Nikolaevskiy Korabel. O'Shea (2007b) gives date as 25 December.
320 16 April 1988 Shirohara, Iwamicho, Tottori Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore, alive [fide Sweeney & Roper (2001:74)]; found in shallow water [fide [Anonymous] (2006b)] Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire? TL: 7 m; ML: 1.3 m; WT: 80 kg Tottori Prefectural Museum [fide Sweeney & Roper (2001:74); "T. Kubodera (pers. comm.)"] Nomura (1988:26); [Anonymous] (2006b) On public display. Formed part of ground floor exhibit at Misawa Airport between July 15 and July 30, 2006. Specimen photographed with diver [fide [Anonymous] (2006b)].
321 28 July 1988 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
322 29 July 1988 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
323 31 July 1988 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
324 12 March 1989 Namibia (26°07′S 13°41′E / 26.117°S 13.683°E / -26.117; 13.683 (Giant squid specimen)) SEA By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Only tentacle clubs, hectocotylus, genitalia, beaks, and statolith Male (mature) ML(fresh): 1220 mm; FL(thawed): 540 mm; FW(thawed): 460 mm; MW(thawed): 460 mm; TL(thawed): 5060 + 4510 mm[?]; WT(thawed): 41,350 g; other measurements ICM? Villanueva & Sánchez (1993:33)
325 September 1989 Santa Catarina State, Brazil (27°24′S 45°37′W / 27.400°S 45.617°W / -27.400; -45.617 (Giant squid specimen)) SWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis sp. Female ML: 151 cm Instituto de Pesca, Santos, Brazil Arfelli et al. (1991:83, figs. 2–3) et al. (1998:109)
326 7 February 1990 Poipu, Kauai, Hawaiian Islands NEP From sperm whale stomach Architeuthis sp. Lower beaks Undetermined Clarke & Young (1998:625) From stranded 7250 kg male sperm whale.
327 10 February 1990 Long Rock, Penzance, Cornwall, England NEA From stomach of stranded sperm whale Architeuthis spp. 47 beaks Beaks? Undetermined Clarke & Pascoe (1997:1256) Roper & Shea (2013:112) From 46 ft (14 m) male sperm whale. Giant squid accounted for 43% by number and estimated 80% by weight of total stomach contents. Possibly largest number of giant squid beaks found in a single whale stomach; see Roper & Shea (2013:112).
328 19 July 1990 West Cove, San Miguel Island, California, United States NEP From northern elephant seal stomach, Mirounga angustirostris Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 Beaks One lower beak None NMML; catalog no. 486 Fiscus (1993:94) From male northern elephant seal (specimen no. Y1991/1992).
329 14 March 1991 Soetwater, Kommetjie (Cape Peninsula), South Africa SEA Undetermined Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female (mature) ML: 1850 mm; statolith; LRL(estimate): 16.2 mm; URL: 16.5 mm; additional beak measurements SAM; catalog no. S2486 [specimen SA-4 of Roeleveld (2000)] Lipiński (1997:299); Roeleveld (2000:185) The Natal Mercury, 1996 Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
330 15 June 1991 South Africa (34°47′S 18°14′E / 34.783°S 18.233°E / -34.783; 18.233 (Giant squid specimen)) SEA Undetermined Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female (maturing) ML: 1400 mm; statolith; LRL: 18.1 mm; URL: 17.6 mm; additional beak measurements SAM; catalog no. S2546 [specimen SA-5 of Roeleveld (2000)] Roeleveld (1996); Lipiński (1997:299); Roeleveld (2000:185) Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
331 20 July 1991 east coast of Tasmania, Australia SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis [Anonymous] (2007b) Trivedi (2002)
332 ?, 1992 Playa de Xagó, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified; found floating at surface? Architeuthis dux Mantle and head at least Guerra et al. (2006:258) Rest of mantle and head wrapped in a cloth of "volanta". Found by Guardia Civil.
333 1992 El Musel, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux Entire? EL?: 5 m Guerra et al. (2006:258)
334 7 May 1992 Kommetjie (Cape Peninsula), South Africa SEA Undetermined Architeuthis sp. Head only Head Female ML(estimate): 1600 mm; statolith; LRL: 17.1 mm; URL: 17.3 mm; additional beak measurements SAM; catalog no. S2556 [specimen SA-6 of Roeleveld (2000)] Roeleveld (1996); Lipiński (1997:299); Roeleveld (2000:185) Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
335 10 June 1992 west of Cape Columbine (32°53'S), South Africa SEA Undetermined Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female (?maturing–mature) ML: 1770 mm; statolith; LRL: 17.5 mm; URL: 18.8 mm; additional beak measurements SAM; catalog no. S2562 [specimen SA-7 of Roeleveld (2000)] Roeleveld (1996); Lipiński (1997:299); Roeleveld (2000:185) Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
336 15–16 July 1992 northwest of Chatham Islands; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
* Unknown (reported 1993) southern Japan NWP Sick/dying animal photographed in shallow water Architeuthis dux; Moroteuthis robusta [fide Ellis (1998a:210); Norman (2000:174); Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas (2004:66)] (now known as Onykia robusta; see Bolstad (2008:106); Bolstad (2010)) Entire; alive None None Poppe & Goto (1993); Japanese made-for-television film Ellis (1998a:210); Norman (2000:174) Non-architeuthid. Photograph of sick/dying Onykia robusta taken by H. Kubota in shallow water. Squid is shown with diver, although wide-angle photography exaggerates animal's size. A video of the same squid appears in a Japanese made-for-television film [fide Ellis (1998a:211)].
337 Unknown (reported 1993) Flowers Cove, Newfoundland NWA Architeuthidae sp. Entire? EL: 21.95 m Kilias (1993:610) Glaubrecht & Salcedo-Vargas (2004:64) Kilias (1993:610) gives 6–7 m as typical length for "species" of Architeuthidae, with large specimens supposedly reaching 10–17 m.
338 14 May 1993 Morne Brabant, Mauritius SIO Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined ML?: 4.5 m; WT: 240 kg Staub (1993:141, pl. 1a,b) Paxton (2016a:83) Discussing maximum mantle length in giant squid, Paxton (2016a:83) wrote: "A 4.5 m specimen from Mauritius is often mistakenly cited but consultation of the primary paper (Staub, 1993) reveals an ill-defined length which is clearly not ML."
339 21 April 1994 Izu-Ogasawara Islands, off central Honshū, Japan (35°20.1′N 143°00.1′E / 35.3350°N 143.0017°E / 35.3350; 143.0017 (Giant squid specimen)) from surface to 140 m depth NWP By trawl (obliquely-towed plankton net) Architeuthis sp. Entire; "not in good condition" Entire (juvenile) ML: 19.8 mm; FL: 4.5 mm; HL: 6.4 mm, etc. Not stated Tsuchiya & Mori (1998:225) Roper & Shea (2013:116)
340 May 1994 New Zealand (43°55′S 176°50′E / 43.917°S 176.833°E / -43.917; 176.833 (Giant squid specimen)) at 515 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire In pieces ML: 1850 mm; FL: 760 mm NMNZ; NMNZ M18019 Förch (1998:109) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Dalmor.
341 May 1994 New Zealand (43°48′S 177°35′E / 43.800°S 177.583°E / -43.800; 177.583 (Giant squid specimen)) at 514 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Incomplete ML: 1110 mm; FL: 490 mm NMNZ; NMNZ M18020 Förch (1998:109) O'Shea (2007b) Caught by F/V Dalmor.
342 January 1995 off King Island, Bass Strait SWP By trawl Architeuthis "slightly larger" than specimen of 9 March 1995 Zeidler & Gowlett-Holmes (1996:85)
343 January 1995 500 km off South Island, New Zealand SWP By trawl Architeuthis "even larger" than January 1995 specimen from King Island Zeidler & Gowlett-Holmes (1996:85)
344 9 March 1995 ~3.2 nm SSE of Cape Banks, Australia (37°56.32′S 140°20.79′E / 37.93867°S 140.34650°E / -37.93867; 140.34650 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Found floating at surface, recently dead Architeuthis sp. Entire, tail damaged, all arms damaged (with most tips missing), tentacles damaged (left missing club, right with detached club portion), eyes missing, head detached Entire Female ML: 1530 mm; VML: 1400 mm; MW: 440 mm; MT(max.): 40 mm; HL: 320 mm; HW: 270 mm; WT: 48 kg (mantle) + 38 kg (head with limbs);
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FL: 430 mm; FW: 175 mm; FuL: 250 mm; FuD: 110 mm; FuCL: 190 mm; FuCW(max.): 50 mm; GL: 1440 mm; GW(max.): 190 mm; RL: 340 mm; RW(max.): 130 mm; EyOD: 170 mm; distance between eye orbits (dorsally): 90 mm; RL(curled): 70 mm; RW(between teeth, max.): 10 mm; AL(I): 810/610 mm; AL(II): 1450/1120 mm; AL(III): 1330/1290 mm; AL(IV): 1140/1750 mm; ASD(left I): 7–14 mm; TL: 4260/2970 mm (7390 mm total incl. detached club portion); DC: 195 mm; MaL: 410 mm; CaL: 130 mm; CW(max.): 50 mm; CSD(max.): 25 mm; LRL: 18 mm; URL: 18 mm; additional beak measurements
SAMA; SAMA D18936 (main specimen) + B80 (frozen sample) + XD0040 (alcohol-fixed sample) Zeidler & Gowlett-Holmes (1996:85) Caught by Martin Von Stanke on F/V Ocean Lady over ~25 m bottom depth. Stored on ice and transported to museum (with assistance of Thierry Laperousaz) after 1 day without prior freezing. Tissue samples from digestive gland and arm (SAMA B80) saved at −80 °C, muscle samples from mantle and tentacle (SAMA XD0040) preserved in 100% alcohol.
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Beak, radula and fragmented gladius removed and preserved separately. Stomach contained only 9 undetermined squid suckers (13–16 mm diameter) and remains of others. Two large gashes (~20 cm) on left side of mantle may indicate predator attack (but no whales sighted in area at the time).
345 2 April 1995 Golfo San Jorge, Argentina (46°30′S 66°00′W / 46.500°S 66.000°W / -46.500; -66.000 (Giant squid specimen)) at 70 m depth SWA By trawl Architeuthis Female (mature) ML: 1625 mm Museo de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, Buenos Aires Brunetti et al. (1998:xxx) et al. (1998:109)
346 26 April 1995 west of Aran Islands, Ireland (53°00′N 12°20′W / 53.000°N 12.333°W / 53.000; -12.333 (Giant squid specimen)) at 287 m depth NEA By 80 mm mesh benthic trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined Male (mature) ML: 1028 mm; MW: 379 mm; TL: 4555 mm; EL: 5970 mm; WT: 26.9 kg;
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HL: 275 mm; HW: 135 mm; AL(I): 870 mm; AL(II): not measured; AL(III): 1054 mm; AL(IV): 1512/1465 mm; LAL: 1512 mm; TCL: 504 mm; DC: 158 mm; MaL: 252 mm; CaL: 94 mm; HeL: no obs.; FL: 390 mm; FW: 298 mm (one fin: 149 mm); EyD: 80 mm; PL: 555 mm; SoA: no obs.; SL: 125–150 mm; LRL: 10.9 mm; URL: 12.5 mm; SInc: 294; G(W): 4.25%
NMI; catalog no. 14-1995 Collins et al. (1997:562); Guerra et al. (2004b:8) Lordan et al. (1998:905); Collins (1998:489); O'Sullivan (2017) Taken by trawler Sionnainn, skippered by Michael Flannery. Flannery's son caught two giant squid in the same area in 2017.
347 24 June 1995 Porcupine Bank, Ireland (52°25′N 13°45′W / 52.417°N 13.750°W / 52.417; -13.750 (Giant squid specimen)) at 300 m depth NEA By 80 mm mesh benthic trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undeterminded Male (mature) ML: 975 mm; MW: 335 mm; EL: 5950 mm; WT: 22.45 kg;
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HL: 270 mm; HW: 137 mm; TL: 4823 mm; TCL: 500 mm; DC: 172 mm; MaL: 252/236 mm; CaL: 77/92 mm; FL: 356 mm; FW: 266 mm; EyD: 95 mm; PL: 574 mm; SoA: no obs.; SL: 120–140 mm; HeL: no obs.; LRL: 12.7 mm; URL: 12 mm; SInc: 375; G(W): 3.29%
NMI; catalog no. 44-1995 Collins et al. (1997:562); Guerra et al. (2004b:8) Lordan et al. (1998:905); Collins (1998:489); O'Sullivan (2017) Taken by trawler Sionnainn, skippered by Michael Flannery. Flannery's son caught two giant squid in the same area in 2017.
348 25 June 1995 southwest Aran Islands, Ireland (52°50′N 10°20′W / 52.833°N 10.333°W / 52.833; -10.333 (Giant squid specimen)) at 110 m depth NEA By 80 mm mesh benthic trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Undetermined Male (mature) ML: 1084 mm; MW: 335 mm; WT: 26.5 kg;
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HL: 288 mm; HW: 144 mm; AL(IV): 1111 mm; LAL: 1111 mm; FL: 368 mm; FW: 264 mm; EyD: 96 mm; HeL: no obs.; PL: 702 mm; SoA: no obs.; SL: 135–155 mm; LRL: 13.3 mm; URL: 10 mm; SInc: 422; G(W): 2.96%
NMI; catalog no. 43-1995 Collins et al. (1997:562); Guerra et al. (2004b:8) Lordan et al. (1998:905); Collins (1998:489) Taken by trawler Galway.
349 10 July 1995 South Africa (32°50′S 16°40′E / 32.833°S 16.667°E / -32.833; 16.667 (Giant squid specimen)) SEA Undetermined Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Male (mature) ML: 1180 mm; statolith; LRL: 14.1 mm; URL: 15.4 mm; additional beak measurements SAM; catalog no. S3353 [specimen SA-10 of Roeleveld (2000)] Lipiński (1997:299); Roeleveld (2000:185) Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000).
350 15 July 1995 Golfo San Jorge, Bahía Bustamante, Argentina (45°12′S 66°30′W / 45.200°S 66.500°W / -45.200; -66.500 (Giant squid specimen)) SWA Found washed ashore on mat of seaweed Female (immature) ML: 1300 mm Ruiz & Fondacaro (1996) et al. (1998:109)
351 27 September 1995 Playa de los Pozos, Asturias, Spain NEA By seine fishing Architeuthis dux Entire? WT: 160 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258) Caught by the boats Nuevo Juanito and Hermanos of Avilés using a seine.
352 1 December 1995 off South Island, New Zealand (43°24'–43°31'S 169°20'–169°10'E) at 305 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire NIWA Puente (1996); O'Shea (2007b) Collected by T. Devlin on F/V J. Elaine. O'Shea (2007b) gives coordinates as 43°24.31′S 169°20.10′E / 43.40517°S 169.33500°E / -43.40517; 169.33500 (Giant squid specimen).
353 December 1995 off New Zealand (43°26′S 176°23′E / 43.433°S 176.383°E / -43.433; 176.383 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Architeuthis Entire? Entire?, left tentacle loose Male (mature) ML: 1200 mm; TL(L): 2757+ mm; CL(L): 552 mm; CSC(L): 247; TSC(L): 278; additional indices and counts NMNZ; NMNZ Z.8900 [specimen NZ-36 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:727) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
354 31 December 1995 off South Island, New Zealand (43°12.3′S 178°19.9′W / 43.2050°S 178.3317°W / -43.2050; -178.3317 (Giant squid specimen)) at 425 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire, both tentacles loose Female (maturing?) ML: 2000 mm; WT: ~600 lb (270 kg); TL: 7300 mm [TL: 5702/4813 mm fide Roeleveld (2002:729)]; CL: 850 mm [812/753 mm fide Roeleveld (2002:735)]; CSC: 243/242; TSC: 273/268; additional indices and counts NMNZ; NMNZ Z.8436 [specimen NZ-16 of Roeleveld (2002)] Ellis (1997:1); Förch (1998:specimen 16); Roeleveld (2002:727, figs. 2–3) Puente (1996); [Anonymous] (1996a); O'Shea (2007b) Collected by FRV Tangaroa. Originally deposited at NIWA. Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
355 31 December 1995 off New Zealand (43°12′S 178°20′W / 43.200°S 178.333°W / -43.200; -178.333 (Giant squid specimen)) at 425 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b) Listed as separate record by O'Shea (2007b).
356 Unknown (reported 1996) near Mt Gambier, off Cape Banks, South Australia SWP Found floating at surface Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female WT: 86 kg; BL+HL: 1.85 m; AL: 1.75 m (longest); TL: 7.39 m (longest); EyOD: 17 cm; EL: >9 m SAMA Zeidler (1996:7, fig.) Female with fully formed ovaries and small white eggs.
357 "very early" January 1996 [16 January fide O'Shea (2007b)] off South Island, New Zealand (43°26.47′S 176°23.17′E / 43.44117°S 176.38617°E / -43.44117; 176.38617 (Giant squid specimen)) at 310 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Male TL: 21 ft (6.4 m) NIWA Ellis (1997:9) Förch (1998:109); Puente (1996); [Anonymous] (1996a); O'Shea (2007b) Caught by FRV Tangaroa.
358 February 1996 off New Zealand (43°26′S 176°23′E / 43.433°S 176.383°E / -43.433; 176.383 (Giant squid specimen)) at 310 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
359 February 1996 Perlora, Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis dux Mantle severed in its first third, missing arms and tentacles Guerra et al. (2006:258)
360 14 March 1996 off west coast of Tasmania, Australia (42°15′S 144°41′E / 42.250°S 144.683°E / -42.250; 144.683 (Giant squid specimen)42°00′S 144°35′E / 42.000°S 144.583°E / -42.000; 144.583 (Giant squid specimen)) at 840–1000 m depth SWP Captured live by commercial trawl fishing for orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus), but likely died under weight of fish during haul to surface Architeuthis sanctipauli Velain, 1877 Entire, missing majority of skin Entire Female (subadult) ML: 191 cm; EL(estimate): 12 m NMV 74479 Norman & Lu (1997:683); Norman (2000:152, fig.); Landman et al. (2004:685) Isotopic analysis of statolith carried out by Landman et al. (2004) to determine age and habitat. Photographed by David Paul.
361 21 March 1996 off New Zealand (50°50′S 166°55′E / 50.833°S 166.917°E / -50.833; 166.917 (Giant squid specimen)) at 420 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
362 22 March 1996 off west coast of Tasmania, Australia (42°54′S 145°0′E / 42.900°S 145.000°E / -42.900; 145.000 (Giant squid specimen)) at 460 m depth SWP Captured live in commercial fishing trawl Architeuthis sanctipauli Velain, 1877 Entire, skin largely intact Entire Female (submature) ML: 2.4 m; EL(intact estimate): 15 m; WT: 220 kg; ovary: ~3 kg ("small") NMV F74482 Norman & Lu (1997:683); Norman (2000:154, 4 figs.); Landman et al. (2004:685) [Anonymous] (2003c, fig.); Roper & Shea (2013:116) Mated female with spermatophores embedded in epidermis of both ventral arms, around 1 m from mouth. Ovary occupying <20% of mantle cavity contained "hundreds of thousands of undeveloped eggs". Adult specimen according to Landman et al. (2004:686). Isotopic analysis of statolith carried out by Landman et al. (2004) to determine age and habitat. Photographed by David Paul.
363 24 May 1996 Golfo San Jorge, Bahía Bustamante, Argentina (45°08′S 66°31′W / 45.133°S 66.517°W / -45.133; -66.517 (Giant squid specimen)) SWA Found washed ashore, dead Architeuthis sp. Entire Female (immature) ML: 1940 mm; TL?: 4.2 m; WT: 180 kg; see et al. (1998) MCNOPM et al. (1998:109) Displayed at the museum of Puerto Madryn. Photographed with two children.
364 10 June 1996 off King Island, Tasmania, Australia, at 1000 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire WT: >200 kg; TL?: 8 m NMV Gannon (1996); [Anonymous] (1996b) Captured by D. McNamara and R. Bradshaw on trawler Empress Pearl.
365 1 October 1996 off King Island, northwest of Tasmania, Australia (40°S 143°9′E–40°15′S 143°15′E / 40.250°S 143.250°E / -40.250; 143.250 (Giant squid specimen)) at 980–1000 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis sanctipauli Velain, 1877 Entire? Entire Female (subadult) ML: 159 cm (without fins) NMV 78297 Landman et al. (2004:685) Isotopic analysis of statolith carried out by Landman et al. (2004) to determine age and habitat.
366 19 November 1996 off Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico NEP Found in stomach contents of blue shark (Prionace glauca) Architeuthis sp. Pair of beaks (from a single specimen) Entire LRL: 13.44 mm; ML(estimate): 741.5 mm; WT(estimate): 24365.0 g Markaida & Sosa-Nishizaki (2010) Live weight constituted an estimated 7.27% of total prey weight from 893 blue sharks sampled. First giant squid record from Mexican waters and southernmost record in the California Current.
367 1996 Chatham Rise, New Zealand SWP Architeuthis EL?: 26 ft (7.9 m) O'Shea (1997) Ellis (1998a:264)
368 1996 Chatham Rise, New Zealand SWP Architeuthis EL?: 13 ft (4.0 m) O'Shea (1997) Ellis (1998a:264)
369 1996 New Zealand SWP Architeuthis EL?: 22–26 ft (6.7–7.9 m) O'Shea (1997) Ellis (1998a:264)
370 24 December 1996 Tottori, Japan NWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis japonica Entire, tentacles missing Entire ML: 171 cm; WL: ~450 cm [14.4 ft (4.4 m) fide Ellis, 1998a:264]; EL(estimate): ~10 m National Museum of Nature and Science (Tokyo) [NSMT] (2012) The Japan Times, 1996; Ellis (1998a:264); [Anonymous] (2005b) On display at the National Museum of Nature and Science, where it formed the backdrop for a press event with Tsunemi Kubodera on the first images of a live giant squid in the wild (#466; [Anonymous], 2005b).
371 1997 off Sergipe, Brazil SWA "found" Architeuthis Martins & Perez (2009) Unreported prior to Martins & Perez (2009).
372 December 1997 – April 1998 Chatham Rise, New Zealand SWP "Captured" Architeuthis Seven specimens (5 mature males and 2 mature females) Landman et al. (1999:72)
373 27 December 1997 Merneo Bank, Chatham Rise, New Zealand (44°20.4–23.5'S 173°54.3–37.0'E) at 671–674 m depth SWP By trawl Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 Entire; tentacles broken off, minor damage to fins and one arm Entire Male (mature) ML: 1.24 m; WL?: 25.25 ft (7.70 m) ("without ten[t]acles"; see [AMNH], 2013); WT: ~200 lb (91 kg) (220 kg per specimen label; see [AMNH], 2013); EyD: 6 in (15 cm); beak crest length: 47.5 mm AMNH; AMNH 291938 [AMNH] (1998a); [AMNH] (1998b); Landman & Ellis (1998:150, fig.); Cordeiro & Hussaini (1999:25); Landman et al. (1999:72); Dussling & Johnson (1999); [AMNH] (2013) Tanabe (2012:12); Tanabe et al. (2015:35) Collected by commercial fishermen of F/V Aquila. Offered as gift to AMNH by Steve O'Shea of NIWA, who contacted Neil Landman in March 1998. Transported from Wellington to New York City by combination of refrigerated trucks and air cargo (with unscheduled delay in Los Angeles). Received by AMNH still frozen on 10 June 1998, as first specimen in its history. Photographed by Portia Rollings of AMNH upon arrival.
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Tissue samples taken and beak and radula removed and placed in 95% ethanol. Specimen injected with and fixed in 10% saline formalin solution. Kept this way for 2 weeks and buffered in first 4 days (ultimately with sodium bicarbonate) to preserve sucker rings. Next subjected to 5 days of freshwater washes and finally transferred to 70/75% ethanol. Mature spermatophore found in mantle cavity. Put on display in 1999 in 1500-litre stainless steel tank with tentacles taken from different New Zealand specimen. Covered in 1999 children's book Giant Squid: Mystery of the Deep (Dussling & Johnson, 1999).
374 18 January 1998 Newburgh, Scotland NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female ML: 1230 mm; see Collins (1998:491) NMSZ Collins (1998:491)
375 13 March 1998 off New Zealand (42°50.9–49.8'S 177°16.6'–176°55.3'E) at 489–475 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
376 9 April 1998 South Patagonian shelf (50°39.0′S 66°35.3′W / 50.6500°S 66.5883°W / -50.6500; -66.5883 (Giant squid specimen)) at 105 m depth (bottom depth also 105 m) SWA By bottom trawl Architeuthis Brunetti et al. (2002) Taken by the vessel Kasuga Maru of the Pespasa fishing company. Collected by fishery inspector. Surface water temperature recorded as 9.1 °C and air temperature as 14 °C.
377 9 April 1998 off New Zealand (44°00′S 177°35′W / 44.000°S 177.583°W / -44.000; -177.583 (Giant squid specimen)) at 500 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
378 10 April 1998 off New Zealand (43°56.8'–44°03.8'S 175°51.6–30.1'E) at 519–523 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
379 18 April 1998 about ten miles (16 km) from Saint Paul, La Réunion Island (21°00′S 55°45′E / 21.000°S 55.750°E / -21.000; 55.750 (Giant squid specimen)) SIO Found floating at surface Architeuthis dux "big chunk of flesh ... including the base of the arms, head and the upper part of the mantle" Buccal mass, beak; tip of rostrum of lower beak broken LRL(estimate): 17.0–17.5 mm; ML(estimate): 174–193 cm Cherel (2003:1295) Fishermen reported rapid skin colour change, suggesting chromatophores were still active and specimen was freshly dead. Other remains of large squid were observed. Sperm whales said to have occurred in the area at the time.
380 mid-1998 beach near Fuengirola, Andalusia, Spain MED Found washed ashore dead but relatively fresh Architeuthis Entire Entire Female (immature) ML: ~125 cm Museo Alborania, Aula del Mar de CREMA, Málaga, Spain Guerra et al. (2006:89) First known giant squid specimen from the Mediterranean Sea. Preserved in formaldehyde. Found in 1997 according to museum guide.
381 28 July 1998 off New Zealand (42°32.2′S 170°24.1′E / 42.5367°S 170.4017°E / -42.5367; 170.4017 (Giant squid specimen)) at 500–575 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
382 29 July 1998 off New Zealand (41°59'–42°10'S 170°32–33'E) at 405 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
383 31 July 1998 off New Zealand (41°05′S 170°50′E / 41.083°S 170.833°E / -41.083; 170.833 (Giant squid specimen)) at 452–526 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
384 20 August 1998 off New Zealand (42°00′S 170°30′E / 42.000°S 170.500°E / -42.000; 170.500 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
385 13 November 1998 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (47°14′S 69°23′E / 47.233°S 69.383°E / -47.233; 69.383 (Giant squid specimen)) at 630–710 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower and upper beak Entire LRL: 15.51 mm; ML(estimate): 128 cm Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004) Mantle length estimated using allometric equation from Roeleveld (2000).
386 19 December 1998 off New Zealand (43°18.5–32.6'S 174°10.5–17.7'E) at 567 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
387 between 26 December 1998 and 9 February 1999 off New Zealand (44°11.2′S 178°15.7′W / 44.1867°S 178.2617°W / -44.1867; -178.2617 (Giant squid specimen)) at 500 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
* 1999 (reported) New Zealand SWP Architeuthis; Asperoteuthis lui Salcedo-Vargas, 1999 Salcedo-Vargas (1999) Non-architeuthid.
388 7 January 1999 off New Zealand (43°51.34'S 173°20'–174°37'E) SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
389 22 January 1999 off New Zealand (43°33′S 174°18′E / 43.550°S 174.300°E / -43.550; 174.300 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
390 22 January 1999 off New Zealand (44°08.2'–43°58.5'S 175°20.3'–174°45.5'E) SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
391 27 January 1999 off New Zealand (44°20.5′S 177°08.8′W / 44.3417°S 177.1467°W / -44.3417; -177.1467 (Giant squid specimen)) at 504 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
392 12 February 1999 off New Zealand (44°16.0′S 179°16.7′W / 44.2667°S 179.2783°W / -44.2667; -179.2783 (Giant squid specimen)) at 545 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
393 15 February 1999 South Patagonian shelf (53°54.6′S 63°45.9′W / 53.9100°S 63.7650°W / -53.9100; -63.7650 (Giant squid specimen)) at 316–360 m depth (bottom depth 450 m) SWA By midwater trawl Architeuthis Brunetti et al. (2002) Taken by the vessel Rikusen of the Pesantar SA fishing company. Collected by scientific observer.
394 16 February 1999 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (48°11′S 71°15′E / 48.183°S 71.250°E / -48.183; 71.250 (Giant squid specimen)) at 550–870 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower and upper beak Entire LRL: 16.33 mm; ML(estimate): 152 cm Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004) Mantle length estimated using allometric equation from Roeleveld (2000).
395 9 March 1999 off New Zealand (48°50.2′S 167°12.3′E / 48.8367°S 167.2050°E / -48.8367; 167.2050 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
396 15 March 1999 off New Zealand (48º36.1–54.2'S 166º15.2–24.4'E) at 798 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
397 16 March 1999 off New Zealand (48º49.55'S 166º53'–167º16'E) SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
398 April 1999 Northeast Providence Channel, Bahamas NWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis sp. Entire; distal half of tentacles missing Entire, in two pieces Male (mature) EL: 11 ft (3.4 m) RSMAS [Anonymous] (1999:1)
399 14 May 1999 off New Zealand (43°28.35′S 174°14′E / 43.47250°S 174.233°E / -43.47250; 174.233 (Giant squid specimen)) at 515 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
400 3 June 1999 Gulf Stream off the Florida Keys NWA "Collected dead" Architeuthis sp. Entire in "fresh" condition; missing distal third of mantle (incl. fins), tentacles, and ends of all arms but arm I(R) Entire ML: 700 mm; ML(intact estimate): 1000 mm; WT(intact estimate): ~20 kg RSMAS; UMML31.312b Seibel et al. (2000:286) Collected by charter-boat Top Dog (Capt. Phil Slaga and Mate Bo Spieler). Taken to RSMAS where kept on ice or in refrigerated cold room for ~3 days prior to dissection. Wet weight estimated using mass–length relationship of O'Dor (1988) for ommastrephid squids. Mantle tissue used in study of enzymatic activity by Seibel et al. (2000), providing first estimates of giant squid metabolism and locomotory ability.
401 14 June 1999 off west coast of Tasmania, Australia, at 500–700 m depth SWP Caught by trawler fishing for blue grenadier Architeuthis sp. Entire? Entire? Male WT: 190 kg Deagle et al. (2005:417) Specimen was kept frozen in storage until dissection in September 2002. Gut contents underwent genetic screening for prey.
402 13 July 1999 off New Zealand (41°03.1′S 170°42.4′E / 41.0517°S 170.7067°E / -41.0517; 170.7067 (Giant squid specimen)) at 530 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
403 15 July 1999 off New Zealand (42°33′S 170°31′E / 42.550°S 170.517°E / -42.550; 170.517 (Giant squid specimen)) at 460 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
404 17 July 1999 off New Zealand (42°31.32′S 170°21.09′E / 42.52200°S 170.35150°E / -42.52200; 170.35150 (Giant squid specimen)) at 535 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b) Temperature (BT) recorded as 11.5 °C.
405 21 July 1999 off New Zealand (42°27.32′S 170°28.10′E / 42.45533°S 170.46833°E / -42.45533; 170.46833 (Giant squid specimen)) at 442 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
406 5 August 1999 off New Zealand (41°56′S 170°26′E / 41.933°S 170.433°E / -41.933; 170.433 (Giant squid specimen)) at 500 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
407 29 August 1999 nearly 175 miles (282 km) off Santa Catarina, Brazil (28°05′S 45°35′W / 28.083°S 45.583°W / -28.083; -45.583 (Giant squid specimen)) over 2,400 m deep waters SWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis Entire; arm pairs I, II, III half-missing, arm pair IV complete, tentacles missing, reproductive system virtually missing Entire Female (mature) ML: 1160 mm; WT: 50 kg; WL: 2480 mm; MW: 460 mm; HL: 270 mm; HW: 360 mm; FL: 460 mm; FW: 380 mm; FuL(ventral): 450 mm; FuCL: 125 mm; FuCW: 61 mm; AL(I): 520/510 mm; AL(II): 620/560 mm; AL(III): 750/550 mm; AL(IV): 960/800 mm; ASD(max.): 18 mm; GiL: 280 mm; LRL: 15 mm; URL: 20 mm; other measurements Museu Nacional-RJ (MNRJ 10761) Martins & Perez (2009, figs. 1–14) Spotted by crew of Brazilian long-liner Macedo V. Spermatophores embedded in left ventral arm, around 60 cm from mouth. Small number of eggs present (~2.0 mm wide). Authors found "a few peculiarities [...] [i]n the shape of the fins, head and the cross-section and length of ventral arms".
408 November 1999 Carrandi, Asturias, Spain NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux WT(dead): 107 kg Guerra et al. (2006:258) Collected by the trawler Minchos VI.
409 9 December 1999 approximately 34 miles (55 km) from Gijón, off coast of Asturias, Spain (43°52.54′N 05°18.74′W / 43.87567°N 5.31233°W / 43.87567; -5.31233 (Giant squid specimen)) at 300–600 m depth NEA By trawl; caught alive Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire; missing tentacles and arms I, II, III; arm IV(R) not intact Entire Female (immature) ML: 1800 mm; MW: 560 mm; WT: 148 kg;
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VML: 1650 mm; MT: 30 mm; HW: 415 mm; AL(IV): 2160/178 mm (second not intact); LRL: 20.5 mm; URL: 21.0 mm; GL: 1670 mm; GW: 200 mm; FL: 690 mm; FW: 515 mm; EyD(estimate): 130 mm; FuL: 260 mm; FuCL: 175 mm; FuCW: 41 mm; GiL: 500 mm; NGL: 340 mm
CEPESMA González et al. (2002); Guerra et al. (2004b:4); Guerra et al. (2006:258) First record of a living specimen collected in Spanish Atlantic waters. Caught by Spanish pair trawlers Minchos V and Minchos VI based in Cillero, Lugo.
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Auctioned off in the market of Avilés and acquired by Pescaderias Jiménez (Jiménez Fishmarkets) of Avilés. Specimen was frozen immediately after measurements were taken. It was later defrosted, dissected, and reconstructed. It was placed in a transparent glass case and fixed for 48 hours in 4% formalin. It is now preserved in 70% alcohol.
410 Unknown (between 1954 and 2000) off New Zealand (42°35.41′S 170°15.03′E / 42.59017°S 170.25050°E / -42.59017; 170.25050 (Giant squid specimen)) at 400 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b) Date not recorded.
411 Unknown (between 1954 and 2000) off New Zealand (42°31.9′S 170°16.6′E / 42.5317°S 170.2767°E / -42.5317; 170.2767 (Giant squid specimen)) SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b) MFish SOP Trip 1247/7.
412 Unknown (reported 2000) North Atlantic (otherwise "no data") ? Architeuthis Female (maturing) ML: 1180 mm; TL: 4395/4320 mm; CL: 785/680 mm; CSC: 260/243; TSC: 286/272; LRL: 15.7 mm; URL: 14.9 mm; additional beak measurements, indices, and counts VSM [specimen NA-22 of Roeleveld (2000) and Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2000:185); Roeleveld (2002:727) Beak morphometrics studied by Roeleveld (2000). Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
413 25 January 2000 off New Zealand (43°48.47′S 174°47.46′E / 43.80783°S 174.79100°E / -43.80783; 174.79100 (Giant squid specimen)) at 476 m depth SWP Architeuthis O'Shea (2007b)
414 27 January 2000 off New Zealand (44°21.19'S 175°05'–174°34'E) at 615 m depth SWP "Hauled up" by fishermen Architeuthis sanctipauli Entire? Entire? EL: 6.5 m ["lost 2.5 metres (seven feet) of its length through drying out"] MNHN [Anonymous] (2008c); [Anonymous] (2008d) O'Shea (2007b) Named "Wheke" after a sea monster of Māori mythology. Donated by New Zealand to the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris. Became the first giant squid specimen to be plastinated. On display at the Gallery of Evolution (grande galerie de l'Évolution).
415 22 March 2000 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (47°10′S 69°23′E / 47.167°S 69.383°E / -47.167; 69.383 (Giant squid specimen)) at 490–620 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower and upper beak LRL: 11.78 mm; ML(estimate): 60 cm Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004) Mantle length estimated using allometric equation from Roeleveld (2000).
416 2 April 2000 Asturias, Spain NEA Found in stomach contents of shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) Architeuthis Tentacle TL: 2 m Guerra et al. (2006:258) Caught by Spanish vessel Teresa José from Luarca.
417 24 April 2000 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (48°26′S 70°58′E / 48.433°S 70.967°E / -48.433; 70.967 (Giant squid specimen)) at 680–755 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower beak only LRL: 11.33 mm; ML(estimate): 54 cm Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004) Mantle length estimated using allometric equation from Roeleveld (2000).
418 10 May 2000 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (47°25′S 69°14′E / 47.417°S 69.233°E / -47.417; 69.233 (Giant squid specimen)) at 420 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower and upper beak; broken Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004)
419 9 August 2000 off New Zealand; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
420 28 September 2000 south of Wellington, North Island; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
421 15 December 2000 in the vicinity of Amsterdam Island (37°50′S 77°33′E / 37.833°S 77.550°E / -37.833; 77.550 (Giant squid specimen)) SIO Found floating at surface Architeuthis dux "large mantle"; head and gladius missing Two funnel locking cartilages and one nuchal cartilage Funnel locking cartilages: 146/148 mm; Nuchal cartilage: "large" Cherel (2003:1295) Collected by French trawler Austral. Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross (Diomedea chlororhynchos) observed feeding on corpse. Fishermen reported two other specimens of large squid observed in previous weeks.
422 Unknown east of Palmerston North, North Island; see map SWP Sighting Architeuthis sp. Larva(e) Larva(e) O'Shea (N.d.)
423 Unknown (reported 2001 or slightly earlier) Hawaii NEP Found floating at surface after having "had a tangle with a shark" Architeuthis Entire, bearing bite marks Not specified WT(estimate): 175 lb (79 kg) [Anonymous] (c. 2001); O'Shea (2005) Found by crew of the Illusions charter boat "while filming a TV show with Capt. Norm Issacs for ESPN". Photographed reconstructed on jetty, with head, limbs and anterior portion of mantle shown ventrally, but (detached) finned posterior end of mantle arranged dorsally (O'Shea, 2005).
424 12 January 2001 approximately 34 miles (55 km) from Gijón, off coast of Asturias, Spain (43°52.54′N 05°18.74′W / 43.87567°N 5.31233°W / 43.87567; -5.31233 (Giant squid specimen)) at 300–600 m depth NEA By trawl; caught alive Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire; missing arms III; arm II (L) not intact Entire Female (immature) ML: 1350 mm; MW: 400 mm; EL: 8010 mm; WT: 81 kg;
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VML: 1190 mm; MT: 22 mm; HW: 260 mm; AL(I): 2310/2400 mm; AL(II): 1791/1900 mm (first not intact); AL(IV): 1870/1920 mm; TL: 6370/6530 mm; TCL: 770/790 mm; DC: 120/160 mm; MaL: 510/490 mm; CaL: 140/140 mm; LRL: 15.9 mm; URL: 16.5 mm; GL: 1180 mm; GW: 150 mm; FL: 560 mm; FW: 400 mm; EyD(estimate): 120 mm; FuL: 160 mm; FuCL: 135 mm; FuCW: 25 mm; GiL: 370 mm; NGL: 150 mm
CEPESMA González et al. (2002); Guerra et al. (2004b:4); Guerra et al. (2006:259) Second record of a living specimen collected in Spanish Atlantic waters.
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Specimen was frozen immediately after measurements were taken. It was later defrosted, dissected, and reconstructed. It was placed in a transparent glass case and fixed for 48 hours in 4% formalin. It is now preserved in 70% alcohol.
425 7 February 2001 (reported; caught prior week) off south-west Australia SWP "Caught by commercial fishermen" "giant squid" Entire; "near-perfect specimen" Entire? WT: 200 kg "Australian museum" [Anonymous] (2001) Placed in preservative fluid. Mark Norman interviewed about find.
426 May 2001 Caladero Lastres, Asturias, Spain NEA Architeuthis EL?: 9 m; WT: 90 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259)
427 27 June 2001 beach in Fuengirola, Andalusia, Spain MED Found washed ashore dead but relatively fresh Architeuthis Entire? Female (immature) ML: 125 cm; EL: 750 cm; WT: 65 kg Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain Guerra et al. (2006:89) Second known giant squid specimen from the Mediterranean Sea.
428 2 July 2001 west of Carrandi, Asturias, Spain NEA Caught Architeuthis EL?: 7.10 m; WT: 60 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259) Caught by the Spanish vessels Elena María and Bautista Pino from Cillero.
429 12 September 2001 Playa de Rodiles (Villaviciosa), Asturias, Spain [off Luarca fide Bustamante et al. (2008)] NEA Found washed ashore [by trawl fide Bustamante et al. (2008)] Architeuthis dux Entire?, missing tentacles Entire? Female (immature) ML: 127 cm; EL: 710 cm; WT: 90 kg [WT: 60 kg fide Guerra et al. (2006:259)] Guerra et al. (2006:259); Bustamante et al. (2008) Tissues studied for concentrations of 14 trace elements. Digestive gland, gills, ink sac, branchial hearts, appendages, systemic heart, and brain removed during study.
430 20 September 2001 Playa de Torimbia (Llanes), Asturias, Spain NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis EL?: 10 m; WT: 104 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259) On display at the Museo del Mar de Biarritz.
431 23 September 2001 Caladero de El Corbiro, Asturias, Spain NEA By trawl Architeuthis Female (immature) WT: 73.5 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259)
432 8 October 2001 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (47°19′S 69°11′E / 47.317°S 69.183°E / -47.317; 69.183 (Giant squid specimen)) at 600 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower and upper beak Entire LRL: 18.13 mm; ML(estimate): 220 cm Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004) Mantle length estimated using allometric equation from Roeleveld (2000).
433 8 October 2001 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (47°19′S 69°11′E / 47.317°S 69.183°E / -47.317; 69.183 (Giant squid specimen)) at 600 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower and upper beak; broken Entire Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004)
434 23 October 2001 Playa de S. Cosme de Barreiros (Lugo), Asturias, Spain [Ribadesella fide Bustamante et al. (2008)] NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire? Entire? Female (maturing) ML: 150 cm; EL: 800 cm; WT: 104 kg [EL: 9.5 m; WT: 90 kg fide Guerra et al. (2006:259)] Guerra et al. (2006:259); Bustamante et al. (2008) Tissues studied for concentrations of 14 trace elements. Digestive gland, gills, ink sac, branchial hearts, appendages, systemic heart, and brain removed during study.
435 21 November 2001 Kerguelen waters in southern Polar Frontal Zone (48°06′S 71°18′E / 48.100°S 71.300°E / -48.100; 71.300 (Giant squid specimen)) at 453–575 m depth SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower beak only Entire LRL: 10.43 mm; ML(estimate): 45 cm Cherel (2003:1296); Cherel & Duhamel (2004:25) Rincon (2004) Mantle length estimated using allometric equation from Roeleveld (2000).
436 Unknown (reported 2002) North Atlantic (otherwise "no data") ? Architeuthis Female (maturing) ML: 1480 mm; TL(R): 5910 mm; CL(R): 830 mm; CSC(R): 255; TSC(R): 279; additional indices and counts VSM [specimen NA-21 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:727) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
437 Unknown (reported 2002) North Atlantic (otherwise "no data") ? Architeuthis Right club TL: 1490+ mm; CL: 880 mm; CSC: 277; TSC: >288; additional indices and counts VSM [specimen NA-26 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:727) Tentacle morphology examined by Roeleveld (2002).
438 Unknown (reported 2002) North Atlantic (otherwise "no locality data") ? Architeuthis Left club at least Male (mature) ML: 1180 mm VSM [specimen NA-20 of Roeleveld (2002)] Roeleveld (2002:726, fig. 1) Only referred to in single caption; not included in main study of Roeleveld (2002).
439 2002 off Santa Catarina, Brazil SWA "found" Architeuthis Martins & Perez (2009) Unreported prior to Martins & Perez (2009).
440 2002 off Nishiizu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan NWP Photographed by diver Architeuthis Entire? None? (larva) EL?: ~2 cm Yoshikawa (2014) First time "baby" giant squid photographed by diver, according to Yoshikawa (2014).
441 14 January 2002 (reported) off Scotland coast NEA Caught by an Aberdeen-based trawler Architeuthis Entire, missing tentacles Entire Female WL: 3.15 m; EL(estimate): 5.5 m National Marine Aquarium (Plymouth) [Anonymous] (2002a) [Anonymous] (2003a) Specimen preserved in formaldehyde and displayed in custom-made tank at the National Marine Aquarium.
442 15 January 2002 Goshiki beach, seashore of Amino Cho, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan NWP Found alive near surface; tied to quay with rope; later died Architeuthis Entire; outer mantle layer damaged/missing Entire; preserved ML?: 2 m; EL?: 4 m National Museum of Nature and Science (Tokyo) [Anonymous] (2002b); O'Shea (2003e); [Anonymous] (2006d); [Anonymous] (2008a); [Anonymous] (2008b) First images of live adult giant squid. Identified by Koutarou Tsuchiya of the Tokyo University of Fisheries. On display at the National Museum of Nature and Science.
443 11 March 2002 Playa del Gayo (Luanco, Gozón), Asturias, Spain NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis Female (immature) WT: 70 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259)
444 20 July 2002 Seven Mile Beach, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis sp.; initially speculated to be a new species Entire, in two pieces, missing tentacles Entire Female (adult) EL(estimate): 50 ft (15 m); WT: ~250 kg Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery [Anonymous] (2002c, 2 figs.); Trivedi (2002) [Anonymous] (2003a, fig.); [Anonymous] (2007b) Reported as a possible new species: "Experts found several characteristics which they say they have never encountered before – including long, thin flaps of muscle attached to each of the squid's eight arms." Spermatophores found around mantle. Study supervised by David Pemberton, senior curator of zoology at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery. Sucker marks and scar on head point to likely encounter with male.
445 24 August 2002 near beach between Praia da Galé and Melides lagoon, west coast of Portugal (approximately 38°11′N 08°46′W / 38.183°N 8.767°W / 38.183; -8.767 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA Found floating at surface Architeuthis sp. Entire; "fresh" condition Male (mature) ML: 111 cm; EL: 619.5 cm; WL?: 188.5 cm ["total length without tentacles"]; WT: 60 kg (fresh weight) Marques (2002); Rosa et al. (2005:740) First recorded specimen from Portuguese coast. Found during upwelling when surface water temperatures in region were 10–17 °C. Collected by technicians of Sado Estuary Natural Reserve and taken to Museu Oceanográfico do Portinho da Arrábida where it was deep-frozen. Studied for biochemical composition by Rosa et al. (2005).
446 13 September 2002 in the proximity of "Pozo de la Vaca", off coast of Asturias, Spain (43°54.26′N 5°29.38′W / 43.90433°N 5.48967°W / 43.90433; -5.48967 (Giant squid specimen)) at c. 450–475 m depth NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire Entire Male (mature) ML: 98/100 cm; MW: 33 cm; WT: 42/43 kg; EL: 600 cm;
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VML: 92 cm; BC: 76 cm; HL: 27 cm; HW: 28 cm; AL(IV): 176 cm; LAL: 176 cm; AC(I): 15.4 cm; AC(II): 19.7 cm; AC(III): 21.6 cm; AC(IV): 20+ cm; AF: 4.3.2.1; TL: 420/470 cm; TCL: 51 cm; DC: 15 cm; MaL: 29 cm; CaL: 7.9 cm; FL: 30 cm; FW: 28 cm; TaL: 8 cm; HeL(IV pair): 4.5 cm; EyD: 8/10 cm; FuL: 17 cm; FuD: 5.5 cm; FuCL: 12 cm; FuCW: 3 cm; PL: 88 cm; SSL: 30 cm; SoA: yes; SL: 11.0–20.0 cm; LRL: 1.2 cm; URL: 1.0 cm
CEPESMA Guerra et al. (2004a); Guerra et al. (2004b:8) Guerra et al. (2006:259) Captured by Spanish pair trawlers Helena María and Bautista Pino. Spermatophores embedded in skin.
447 10 October 2002 El Agudo, Asturias, Spain NEA Caught by ships Architeuthis WT: 87 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259) Caught by ships Luscinda and Peña la Deva.
448 23 December 2002 off Motobu Peninsula, Okinawa, Japan at c. 500 m depth NWP Caught by vertical long-line squid jig Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female ML: 1410 mm Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium Kubodera & Horikawa (2005:206, pl. 1A); Kubodera (2007, fig. 1) Donated to aquarium by local fisherman. According to Kubodera & Horikawa (2005), specimen belongs to morphological type with thick arms of medium length and longest arm IV measuring 1.2–1.3 times mantle length. Photographed lying alongside Ryukyu woman for size comparison.
449 Unknown (reported 2003) off Okinawa, Japan NWP Seen alive at surface Architeuthis Entire; alive None? [Anonymous] (c. 2003); O'Shea (2003f) Photographed alive at surface after being attracted by jig-caught Thysanoteuthis. Possibly first adult giant squid to be photographed alive (but see Goshiki beach specimen from 15 January 2002).
450 Unknown (reported 2003) off Okinawa, Japan NWP Seen alive at surface Architeuthis Entire; alive None? [Anonymous] (c. 2003); O'Shea (2003f) Photographed alive at surface with Megalocranchia. Possibly first adult giant squid to be photographed alive (but see Goshiki beach specimen from 15 January 2002). Countershading observed in Architeuthis for the first time.
451 Unknown (reported 2003) off Tonga SWP Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis? Entire, large gash in mantle near fins None ML(estimate): 2 m O'Shea (2003a); O'Shea (2007a) Unsuccessful attempt made to haul specimen onto boat deck. Carcass was probably attacked by an animal, but was very fresh upon discovery. Photographs taken of floating carcass and severed arm. Steve O'Shea noted that suckers at base of arm fragment in photo appear unusually large relative to arm thickness for it to be Architeuthis (O'Shea, 2003a), though he considered this the "most likely" ID, with the "only alternative" being a giant onychoteuthid, though he thought this unlikely due to the locality (O'Shea, 2007a).
452 11 January 2003 off Madeira NEA Seen clinging onto boat hull Architeuthis dux Entire None EL?(estimate): 7–8 m; "tentacle [...] thicker than [...] leg" [Anonymous] (2003a) Crew of yacht competing in round-the-world Jules Verne Trophy reported being "attacked" by giant squid several hours after departing from Brittany, France. Squid purportedly latched onto boat and blocked rudder with two of its "tentacles". Captain Olivier de Kersauson then stopped boat, causing squid to let go.
453 January 2003 off Maizuru, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan NWP Caught in net giant squid [Anonymous] (2008a); [Anonymous] (2008b)
454 around 20 July 2003 Pringle Bay, Hermanus, Western Cape, South Africa SEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis Entire, missing tentacles Several pieces of bait, buccal mass, beak; remainder cut up for bait WL?(estimate): 4 m; WT(estimate): 200 kg Avenier (2003); Merwe (2003) Found in shallows by four fishermen. Length estimated by fisherman Anton Barnard. Remains in possession of Hermanus squid enthusiast Jean Francis Avenier.
455 13 September 2003 La Griega (Colunga), Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis EL?: 11 m; WT: 140 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259) [Anonymous] (2003b)
456 15 September 2003 La Isla (Colunga), Asturias, Spain NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire? Entire? Female (immature) ML: 152 cm; EL: 1200 cm; WT: 80 kg [EL: 10 m fide Guerra et al. (2006:259)] Guerra et al. (2006:259); Bustamante et al. (2008) [Anonymous] (2003b) Tissues studied for concentrations of 14 trace elements. Digestive gland, gills, ink sac, branchial hearts, appendages, systemic heart, and brain removed during study.
457 16 September 2003 Gozón, Asturias, Spain [off Gijón fide Bustamante et al. (2008)] NEA Found floating at surface, dying Architeuthis dux Entire? Entire? Male (mature) ML: 122 cm; EL: 620 cm; WT: 66 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259); Bustamante et al. (2008) [Anonymous] (2003b) Tissues studied for concentrations of 14 trace elements. Digestive gland, gills, ink sac, branchial hearts, appendages, systemic heart, and brain removed during study.
458 23 September 2003 Bañugues (Gozón), Asturias, Spain NEA Found stranded Architeuthis Male (mature) WT: 60 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259)
459 10 October 2003 Pozos- Carrandi, Asturias, Spain NEA Caught by ships Architeuthis EL?: 10 m; WT: 67.5 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259) Caught by ships Travesía and Valdés Vega of Avilés.
460 16 October 2003 off Gijón, off coast of Asturias, Spain (43°53.23′N 5°32.15′W / 43.88717°N 5.53583°W / 43.88717; -5.53583 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA Found moribund and floating at the surface Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire, missing tentacles Entire Male (mature) ML: 122 cm; MW: 38 cm; WT: 66 kg;
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VML: 116 cm; HL: 28.9 cm; AC(I): 16.2 cm; AC(II): 20.4 cm; AC(III): 21.2 cm; AC(IV): 25.1 cm; AF: 4.3.2.1; FL: 42 cm; BC: 82 cm; EyD: 9.5/10.3 cm; FuL: 17 cm; FuD: 7.6 cm; FuCL: 14.5 cm; FuCW: 3.6 cm; PL: 96.5 cm; SSL: 32.9 cm; SoA: no obs.; SL: 12.3–20.1 cm; LRL: 1.34 cm; URL: 1.2 cm
CEPESMA Guerra et al. (2004a); Guerra et al. (2004b:8) Guerra et al. (2004a) give capture date as 16 September 2003.
461 18 October 2003 La Griega (Colunga), Asturias, Spain NEA Not specified Architeuthis Entire?, missing tentacles Female WT: 70 kg Guerra et al. (2006:259)
462 Unknown (reported 2004) off New Zealand, probably at 400–600 m depth SWP By hoki trawl Architeuthis dux Mantle only; caecum distended with prey, including fragments of an Architeuthis tentacular club (carpus, manus, and dactylus suckers, and the dactylic pouch) Female (mature) ML: 1.6 m; additional measurements of Architeuthis remains found in caecum Stomach contents accessioned into the Auckland University of Technology (AUT), Earth & Oceanic Sciences (EOS) Research Institute, accession # AUT G.22 Bolstad & O'Shea (2004:16) Caught in one of two locations: either off the west coast of South Island, near Hokitika Canyon, between July and August; or off Banks Peninsula, on the east coast of South Island, between December and February.
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Contents of caecum examined. Prey items attributed to Nototodarus sp. and Architeuthis dux. Presence of Architeuthis remains in caecum suggests cannibalism or autophagy.
463 15 March 2004 15.6 km NW of Port Stephens Settlement, Falkland Islands (~2 km from coast; 52°02′S 61°25′W / 52.03°S 61.41°W / -52.03; -61.41 (Giant squid specimen)) at 200/220 m depth SWA By bottom trawl, caught alive Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire, almost complete Entire Female? EL: 8.62 m; WT: >200 kg BMNH; reg. no. 20040669 [Anonymous] (2006a); Morelle (2006); Ablett (2012:16); Bonnett (2015); Westwood (2015) Colwell (2015); numerous media sources Nicknamed 'Archie'. Caught by Falkland-registered trawler John Cheek (Fortuna Ltd.). Donated by Alexander Arkhipkin of Falkland Islands Fisheries Department. Preservation overseen by mollusc curator Jonathan Ablett. DNA samples taken.
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Defrosted over 3 days and then measured by museum scientist Oliver Crimmen. Next injected with ~15 litres of 10% formol-saline solution and placed in purpose-built wooden container lined with rubber, filled with 3250 litres of water, 350 litres of formalin, and 125 kg of rock salt. Finally transferred to 9.45 m-long acrylic tank filled with 10% formol-saline solution. On display in undissected state at Darwin Centre, BMNH, but only viewable to public as part of Spirit Collection Tour (see photos).
464 15 April 2004 southeast of Okinawa Island, Japan NWP Photographed alive at surface Architeuthis Entire; alive None ML(estimate): 2 m; WL?(estimate): 5–6 m None [Anonymous] (2004a)
465 23 August 2004 (morning) 3 km from lighthouse, Ocean Beach, Farewell Spit, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis Entire Entire WL?: 5.7 m; WT: "near" 300 kg Auckland University of Technology [Anonymous] (2004b); [Anonymous] (2004c); [Anonymous] (2004d) [Anonymous] (2007d) Reportedly largest known giant squid specimen. Found by British tourists Nick and Rosemary Pinfield on Farewell Spit Tours trip. Transferred to Steve O'Shea of Auckland University of Technology on August 25. Available for public viewing at university on October 11.
466 30 September 2004 off Ogasawara Islands, c. 600 miles (970 km) south of Tokyo, Japan (26°57.3′N 142°16.8′E / 26.9550°N 142.2800°E / 26.9550; 142.2800 (Giant squid specimen)) at 900 m depth NWP Sighted in natural habitat; line baited with squid and shrimp Architeuthis Entire; live animal sighted and photographed 5.5 m long portion of tentacle attached to line; squid broke free and swam away Recovered tentacle: 5.5 m long; TCL: 720 mm; LSD: 28 mm; ML(estimate based on TCL): 1615 mm; ML(estimate based on LSD): 1709 mm; WL(estimate): ~4.7 m; EL(estimate): >8 m Kubodera & Mori (2005); Owen (2005); Hopkin (2005); [Anonymous] (2005a, 3 figs.); [Anonymous] (2005b); Kubodera (2007) Numerous media sources First images of live giant squid in its natural deep-water habitat. Feeding behaviour observed; "Architeuthis appears to be a much more active predator than previously suspected, using its elongate feeding tentacles to strike and tangle prey" (Kubodera & Mori, 2005). Distal tentacle portion was still functioning upon retrieval at surface, with club suckers "repeatedly gripping the boat deck and any offered fingers". Press event with Tsunemi Kubodera held at Tokyo's National Museum of Nature and Science ([Anonymous], 2005b).
467 2005 off South Island, New Zealand SWP Caught by commercial fishermen Architeuthis Entire? Entire EL: 7 m; WT: 250 kg Melbourne Aquarium Holroyd (2005) Purchased by Melbourne Aquarium curator Nick Kirby for more than A$100,000. Displayed in 3.5 tonne block of ice.
468 2005 (summer) Long Beach, Pacific Rim National Park Reserve, near Tofino, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada (49°04.185′N 125°45.679′W / 49.069750°N 125.761317°W / 49.069750; -125.761317 (Giant squid specimen)) NEP Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire; "poor condition"; all arms and tentacles damaged and incomplete (both tentacular clubs missing), mantle torn open and bearing row of sperm whale teeth holes, most internal organs missing Entire (juvenile) ML: 960 mm; EL: 2340 mm; WT(wet): 22,600 g; MW: 780 mm; HL: 410 mm; HW(across eyes): 360 mm; EyD: 40 mm; TL: 1270/1105 mm; AL(I): 1165/1430 mm; AL(II): 940/810 mm; AL(III): 805/710 mm; AL(IV): 745/700 mm; AD(I): 180/200 mm; AD(II): 180/180 mm; AD(III): 195/180 mm; AD(IV): 150/140 mm; BAC: 280 mm; BAL: 135 mm Royal British Columbia Museum (RBCM 006-00085-001) Cosgrove & Sendall (2007); Horner (2009) Found by Parks Canada staff. Photographed on beach by Heather Holmes. Beak and radula extracted for identification. Identification of specimen as A. dux confirmed by Steve O'Shea. Apparently attacked and killed by a sperm whale.
469 19 July 2005 12 mi (19 km) off Gandia, Valencia, western Mediterranean Sea MED By trawl Architeuthis dux Entire? Entire? Male (mature) ML: 107 cm; EL: 600 cm; WT: 50 kg CEPESMA Bustamante et al. (2008); [Anonymous] (2014c); [Anonymous] (2014d) [Anonymous] (2013b) First male specimen from Mediterranean. Caught by fishing boat Nova Emi. Taken to Grau de Gandia fish market off Playa de Piles and auctioned to fishmonger Jesús Caudeli for 37 euros. Initially offered to University of Valencia, who rejected it; donated to CEPESMA. Tissues studied for concentrations of 14 trace elements. Digestive gland, gills, ink sac, branchial hearts, appendages, systemic heart, and brain removed during study. One of few CEPESMA specimens not destroyed during storm of 2 February 2014. On temporary display in Biarritz from June 2014.
470 22 July 2005 off Gijón, Asturias, North Spain NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux Entire? Entire? Female (maturing) ML: 146 cm; EL: 820 cm; WT: 139 kg Bustamante et al. (2008) Tissues studied for concentrations of 14 trace elements. Digestive gland, gills, ink sac, branchial hearts, appendages, systemic heart, and brain removed during study.
471 11 August 2006 about eight miles (13 km) off Santa Cruz Island NEP Found floating at surface "giant squid" "a tentacle and two arms" Entire?; stored in cooler after being found TL: ~13 ft (4.0 m); TD: "about the diameter of a broomstick"; AL: ~4 ft (1.2 m); ASD: "about the size of a nickel" Not stated [Anonymous] (2006c) Found by sport fisherman Bennett Salvay from the Los Angeles suburb of Tarzana. "Eric Hochberg, a squid expert at the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, said the rest of the squid might have ended up in the stomach of a sperm whale or orca."
472 October? 2006 (caught "two months" prior to being reported on December 21); December 2006 fide Lee (2013) Pacific Ocean, about 900 nautical miles (1,700 km) northwest of Midway (35°30′N 168°20′W / 35.500°N 168.333°W / 35.500; -168.333 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP Found floating on surface; caught with fishing spear Architeuthis Entire Entire WT: 211 kg; BC: 1.5 m; BL+HL?: 3 m; EL?: 6 m [7 m fide [Anonymous] (2013g); Lee (2013)] China Times 21 December 2006; [Anonymous] (2006e) [Anonymous] (2013g); Lee (2013) Caught by skipper Hong Jeh Shan and mechanic Hong Shih Cheng. Sold for around $530 USD at Tong Goang fish market (東港). Kept in freezer for 2 months prior to being reported. Identified as giant squid by C. C. Wu of the Taiwan Department of Fish and Game. Photographed separately with kindergarten children and with Hong Chieh Shang, son-in-law of Hong Shih Cheng.
473 4 December 2006 Chichi-jima, about 960 kilometers (600 mi) southeast of Tokyo, Japan, at 650 m depth NWP Caught on baited hook; videotaped alive at surface; brought aboard research vessel "after putting up quite a fight"; died in the process Architeuthis sp. Entire Entire Female (immature?) ML: 1.43 m; EL?: ~7 m; BL+HL?: 3.5 m; WT: 50 kg Talmadge (2006); de Pastino (2006); [Reuters] (2007); Nilsson et al. (2012:Supplemental Information) Numerous media sources First video of live giant squid. Carcass preserved in formalin displayed at a news conference at the National Science Museum in Tokyo on December 22. Giant squid was hooked when it attempted to eat a smaller squid, "about 55 cm in length", which was attracted by the bait. Eye preserved in 4% formalin; sections of retina embedded in histological Araldite used by Nilsson et al. (2012) to measure rhabdom diameter (5–6 µm).
474 24 January 2007 off Ine, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan NWP Caught in net, escaped giant squid Entire None [Anonymous] (2008a)
475 10 July 2007 Ocean Beach, near Strahan, Tasmania, Australia SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis Entire, missing tentacles ML: ~1.7 m; EL(estimate): ~6–8 m; BD: ~1 m; WT: ~250 kg Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery [Anonymous] (2007a); [Anonymous] (2007b); [Anonymous] (2007e) Kept in formalin for a month before being preserved in ethanol. Photographed in situ with Ritchie Bauer of the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.
476 22 or 23 July 2007 (morning) ~6 km from base of spit, Ocean Beach, Farewell Spit, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis Entire? EL?: 4.2 m [Anonymous] (2007c); [Anonymous] (2007d) Found by members of Farewell Spit Eco Tours.
477 8 August 2007 Marathon Hump, south of Marathon, Florida Keys, Florida, United States NWA Found floating at surface Architeuthis? Entire; both eyes and all arms and tentacles intact EL: 6.79 ft (2.07 m); WT: 2.7 lb (1.2 kg) Mote Marine Laboratory Lollar (2007) Possibly the smallest and most intact giant squid found in the region. Recovered by David Stout of North Fort Myers while dolphin fishing aboard Concrete Gringo in 1,200 ft (370 m) of water. Examined by Debi Ingrao of Mote Marine Laboratory.
478 21 August 2007 (reported) New Zealand SWP By trawl Architeuthis Entire, missing tentacles EL(estimate): ~10 m Bolstad (2007) Submerged in and injected with 5% formalin after thawing. Eyes in very good condition.
* 23 August 2007 (reported) off Elba, Italy MED Caught in a deep sea net by fisherman Architeuthis; Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, 1857 Entire, with mature eggs Female EL: 1.7 m; WT: 17.6 kg Marine Biology Laboratory, Livorno, Italy [Anonymous] (2007f); [Anonymous] (2007g); [Anonymous] (2007h) Non-architeuthid. Identified by Paolo Sartor. Specimen retrieved in "excellent condition".
479 29 August 2007 (reported) beach in Port Underwood, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore; likely discarded by a trawler Architeuthis Entire, missing tentacles WL?: ~3 m; EL(estimate): ~4 m Johnston (2007) Found by retired whaler Ted Perano.
480 25 October 2007 off Macaé, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil SWA Caught by fishermen Architeuthis Entire ? EL?: ~4 m; WT: 130 kg [Anonymous] (2007i) Martins & Perez (2009) Specimen was taken to Niterói, where it was purchased by Alessandro Mello. Martins & Perez (2009) write "the fate of this specimen is currently unknown".
481 27 December 2007 beach near mouth of Yura River, Maizuru, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore giant squid Entire? Female (mature) EL?: 3.3–3.7 m; ML: ~1.8 m; WT(estimate): 100 kg National Museum of Nature and Science (Tokyo) [Anonymous] (2008a); [Anonymous] (2008b) Initially frozen at the Kyoto Prefectural Marine Center. Dissection carried out on 4 February 2008.
482 February 2008 off Suzu, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan NWP captured giant squid ("ダイオウイカ") [Anonymous] (2014l)
483 28 April 2008 (reported) off Tenerife, Canary Islands NEA Found floating at surface Architeuthis Piece of "fresh" arm Soto et al. (2008); Walker (2008) Found near diving pilot whales, leading scientists to suggest that pilot whales may feed on giant squid.
484 28 April 2008 (reported) off Tenerife, Canary Islands NEA Pilot whale photographed at surface with a tentacle in its mouth Architeuthis? Tentacle None EL(estimate): 4–5 m; TL(estimate): >2 m; WT(estimate): 180 kg Soto et al. (2008); Walker (2008) Led scientists to suggest that pilot whales may feed on giant squid. Size estimates by teuthologist Ángel Guerra.
485 9 May 2008 (reported) 40 km off Hickory Bay, Banks Peninsula, New Zealand, at 112 m depth SWP Caught by trawler Austro Carina "giant squid" Mantle and tentacles, head missing ML: 2 m; TL: 4 m Brown (2008) Head lost when caught in net. Capture of squid described by Lyttelton skipper Dale Robertson.
486 25 May 2008 about 40 km off Portland, Victoria, Australia, at 556 m depth SWP Caught by trawler Zeehaan "giant squid" Entire; eyes, skin and fins intact Entire Female EL(intact estimate): >12 m; EL?: 5.5–6 m; WT: 245 kg Melbourne Museum, Museum Victoria Burgess (2008); [Anonymous] (2008e); [Anonymous] (2008f); McNamara (2008); [Anonymous] (2008g); [Anonymous] (2008i) Largest recorded specimen from Australian waters. Capture of squid described by skipper Rangi Pene. Identified as a "colossal squid" in some media reports. Public dissection took place at Melbourne Museum on 17 July 2008, carried out by team of experts led by Mark Norman.
487 25 June 2008 about 20 miles (32 km) off Santa Cruz, Monterey Bay, California NEP Found floating at surface with gulls feeding on remains Architeuthis Entire; missing parts of mantle, most of one tentacle, eyes, sex organs, stomach, ink sac, and heart Entire EL(estimate): ~25 ft (7.6 m); WL?: 16 ft (4.9 m); BC: 4 ft (1.2 m); WT: ~170 lb (77 kg); WT(intact estimate): 225–390 lb Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Alexander (2008); Rusk (2008); Hirschmann (2008); [Anonymous] (2008h); Kettmann (2008); Meyers (2011); Williams (2011) Found by Santa Cruz researcher Sean Van Sommeran and other crew of the Pelagic Shark Research Foundation. Possibly died as a result of shark attack. Numerous photographs taken of specimen in water, during retrieval, on boat deck, and during dissection.
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Dissected on 26 June 2008 at Long Marine Lab by team including William Gilly, Ken Baltz, and John Field. Specimen was measured, checked for parasites, and tissue samples were taken. Examined again on August 22 at the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Covered in 2011 book Kraken: The Curious, Exciting, and Slightly Disturbing Science of Squid (Williams, 2011).
488 16 October 2008 "beginning" of Farewell Spit, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis Entire Entire? Female? EL?: 5 m; WT: ~200 kg Auckland University of Technology Holst (2008); Rowe (2008) Gale (2011) Found by team including Chris Pomeroy and Tim Rowe of Farewell Spit Eco Tours. Transferred in refrigerated truck by Department of Conservation to Steve O'Shea at Auckland University of Technology. Viewed by children from three local primary schools prior to transfer.
489 2009 (reported) Kerguelen waters SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower beak Entire (adult) LRL: 16.2 mm Xavier & Cherel (2009:51, fig. 5)
490 2009 (reported) Kerguelen waters SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Lower beak Entire (juvenile) LRL: 10.1 mm Xavier & Cherel (2009:51, fig. 5)
491 2009 (reported) Kerguelen waters SIO Found in stomach contents of sleeper shark (Somniosus sp.) Architeuthis dux Upper beak Entire URL: 18.1 mm Xavier & Cherel (2009:82, fig. 5)
492 2 April 2009 Island Bay beach, New Zealand SWP Found in shallow water; dragged onto beach "giant squid" Entire; "fantastic condition" Entire Male? EL?: 3 m NMNZ Paulin (2009); Wood & Easton (2009) Found by Alana Spragg and Bella Spragg. Probably died only a few hours before being found. Thought to be either a male or a juvenile due to small size.
493 30 July 2009 off Louisiana, United States, at >1,500 ft (460 m) depth NWA Caught in trawl net of research vessel Architeuthis Entire Entire Female EL?: 19.5 ft (5.9 m); WT: 103 lb (46.7 kg) NMNH Melvin (2009); Schleifstein (2009) Roper & Shea (2013:115, figs. 5a–c, 8) Capture announced by Interior Department on September 21. Stomach contents examined and found to contain mostly fluid with few solid remains.
494 15 August 2009 near a small bay just west of Beaver Point on Saltspring Island, Canada NEP Found floating at surface Architeuthis dux Entire Entire; "badly decomposed" (juvenile) EL?: 11 ft (3.4 m) Horner (2009) Found by Saanich residents Karia Leschke and Ron Lysek on their boat Stealaway. Identified by invertebrate research biologist Graham Gillespie. Reported on October 5.
495 14 October 2009 off Bonin Islands, Japan NWP Found floating at surface Architeuthis Single tentacle TL: 3.5 m Hansford (2009); Wu (2009a); Wu (2009b) Found and measured by Tony Wu.
496 15 October 2009 off Bonin Islands, Japan NWP Female sperm whale photographed near surface carrying giant squid remains in its jaws Architeuthis Remains None EL?(estimate): 9 m Hansford (2009) Group of five adult sperm whales and one calf photographed by Tony Wu. Steve O'Shea suggested adult whales may use remains of giant squid to teach calves about hunting.
497 2010 Fosa de Hércules, off Province of A Coruña, Spain NEA By trawl Architeuthis Entire? Not stated [Anonymous] (2011a); [Anonymous] (2011b) Caught by the trawler Minchos VI. Both this specimen and another caught by Minchos VI in April 2011 were noted for differing anatomically from other Spanish giant squid specimens.
498 20 February 2010 off Niigata, Niigata Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore, dead Architeuthis sp. Entire?, good condition Entire? ML: 1.7 m; WL: 3.4 m; WT: 109.2 kg National Museum of Nature and Science (Tokyo) [Anonymous] (2010a); [Anonymous] (2010b) Local newspapers Identified by Niigata City Aquarium based on fin shape.
499 4 July 2010 near southern seamount off continental shelf out from Narooma, Australia SWP Found floating at surface "giant squid" Parts of head, arms, and tentacles[?]; partially eaten None; discarded into ocean TL[AL?]: "close to" 3 m; EL?(estimate): 5 m Gorton (2010) Found by Narooma fisherman Tony Lawson and his crew while chasing bluefin tuna.
500 7 August 2010 (morning) Houghton Bay, Wellington, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore in stormwater channel, dead "giant squid" Entire; "in bad shape" Beak; other remains left to the elements, washed out to sea around 3 pm EL?(estimate): 3.5–4 m ("small") NMNZ Harvey (2010); [Anonymous] (2010e); Pollock (2010) Probably attacked at sea. Initially identified as a colossal squid by Department of Conservation Wellington area manager, Rob Stone. Correct identification by Te Papa communications manager, Jane Kieg. Te Papa only interested in beak for examination due to poor condition of specimen.
501 early April 2011 Fosa de Hércules, off Province of A Coruña, Spain, at 600 m depth NEA By trawl Architeuthis Entire, missing one tentacle Entire Female EL: 6 m; WT: 48 kg CEPESMA [Anonymous] (2011a); [Anonymous] (2011b) Caught by the trawler Minchos VI. Reported 11 April 2011; captured week prior. Both this specimen and another caught by Minchos VI the previous year were noted for differing anatomically from other Spanish giant squid specimens. Transferred to CEPESMA in Luarca for planned necropsy.
502 26 June 2011 (morning) 12 miles (19 km) off Jensen Beach, Florida, United States, over 170 ft (52 m) deep waters NWA Found floating at surface, dead [fide Mayfield (2011)] or "barely alive" [fide Torrent (2011)] Architeuthis dux Entire, missing one tentacle, patches of red skin intact; "extremely well-preserved" Entire EL?: 23–25 ft (7.0–7.6 m); WL?: 11 ft (3.4 m); WT: 200 lb (91 kg) Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida Crabbe (2011); Mayfield (2011); Than (2011); Torrent (2011); Thomas (2011, 2 figs.) May have died shortly after mating. Found by Stuart fishermen Robert Benz, Paul Peroulakis, and Joey Asaro. Transferred to Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission field laboratory in Tequesta on June 27, 2011, and to University of Florida later that day. Genetic samples taken. Mantle injected with formalin and specimen submerged in 10% formalin as part of two-week preservation process.
503 July 2011 (reported 24 August 2011) around 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Los Gigantes cliff, Tenerife, Canary Islands, over 800–1200 m deep waters NEA Found floating at/just below surface, dead Architeuthis Entire, missing tentacles, eyes, ends of arms, patches of red skin intact; "in good general condition" Beak and sucker samples Female? EL(estimate with intact tentacles): ~8 m Association for the Study of Cetaceans in the Canary Islands (SECAC) Corniola (2011); Lamar (2011) Found by Aquawork film crew during filming of documentary on local cetaceans. Floating specimen filmed with diver. Several shearwaters observed in area prior to discovery of carcass.
504 23 August 2011 (reported) Ocean Beach, entrance to Farewell Spit, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis Entire None; left to the elements EL?: "nearly four metres" Gale (2011) Found by Paddy Gillooly of Farewell Spit Eco Tours.
505 31 March 2012 (afternoon) Kaikoura Canyon, New Zealand SWP Male sperm whale photographed at surface with severed giant squid arm attached to side of head "giant squid" Single arm None; seen to have detached by following day None Nicoll (2012) Observed by Whale Watch Kaikoura tour group, including tour guide Sarah Rousseaux. Sperm whale (nicknamed MatiMati) had been diving for around 45 minutes prior to observation.
506 1 June 2012 about 50 km off Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia SWP Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis Entire, portions of arms and tentacles missing, orange skin intact, not foul-smelling; likely very fresh Beak and tissue samples; carcass too heavy to bring aboard WL/EL?: 3 m (estimate) Holland (2012); Smith (2012); Thomas (2012); numerous media sources Found by The Daily Telegraph columnist Al McGlashan during tuna and swordfish fishing expedition, after spotting albatross sitting on carcass. Blue shark measuring 2.5 m filmed feeding on remains. Others on board included "McGlashan's fishing partner, Justin Lewis, a film crew and Phil Bolton, who works for the regional fisheries department" (Thomas, 2012).
507 July 2012 ~15 km east of Chichi Island, Japan, initially at 630 m depth; later followed to ~900 m depth NWP Filmed and photographed from submersible, alive Architeuthis Entire, missing both tentacles None WL: 3 m; EL: 8 m (estimate) Robey (2012); Ito (2013); [Anonymous] (2013a); Schrope (2013); Johnston (2013); Widder (2013); [NHK] (2013a); [NHK] (2013b); [NHK] (2013c); [NHK] (2013d); Kubodera (2013a); Kubodera (2013b); Sakamoto (2013); [NHK] (2014) Numerous media sources Filmed by three-man crew from Japan's National Museum of Nature and Science in collaboration with NHK and the Discovery Channel, after around 100 missions and 400 hours. Team included Tsunemi Kubodera, Steve O'Shea, and Edith Widder. Widely reported as first video of giant squid in natural habitat. Observed swimming against current and holding bait squid in arms. Footage officially announced on 10 December 2012, by Robey (2012).
508 10 October 2012 (afternoon) Playa de Getares, Punta Carnero, Algeciras, Andalusia, Spain MED Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire Entire Female (immature) EL: 6.45/7.5 m; WL?: 3.6 m; WT: 70 kg El Estrecho Natural Park [Anonymous] (2012a); [Anonymous] (2012b); [Anonymous] (2013b); [Anonymous] (2013c); [Anonymous] (2013d); Muñoz (2013); Prieto (2013); [Anonymous] (2013h) Numerous media sources Largest known specimen from Mediterranean. Found by volunteers who moved it to Cala Arenas, then handed over to CEGMA who transferred it to Algeciras for freezing. Dissected in front of TV cameras on 1 February 2013 by staff from CEPESMA, CSIC, and CEGMA, including Ángel Guerra and Luis Laria. Internal organs examined and tissues sampled for heavy metals and genetic analysis. Specimen found to be extremely thin, with changes in digestive gland and hematopoietic organs. Placed in methacrylate container, first in preservative fluid for 1.5–2 months, then formalin. On public display at El Estrecho Natural Park information point from 22 May through October 2013.
509 3 February 2013 (morning) off Shark's Tooth point, South Bay, Kaikoura, New Zealand SWP Found floating at surface, dead but fresh "giant squid" Entire, posterior end of mantle missing (otherwise in "perfect" condition) Entire Female EL: ~8 m [estimated ~11 m if complete]; TL: ~6.5 m; WT(estimate?): >140/150 kg Kaikoura Marine Centre and Aquarium / NMNZ (one tentacle) [Anonymous] (2013e); Dangerfield (2013a); Dangerfield (2013b); Williams (2013) Hill (2015); numerous media sources Found by Christchurch recreational fishermen Jack and Sharon Osikai around 8 am while returning from fishing trip; towed ashore behind boat. Marine biologist Megan Bosch of Kaikoura Marine Centre and Aquarium speculated bite marks on mantle might have resulted from attack by larger squid. Bosch dissected specimen live on TV3's Campbell Live on 4 February 2013. Stomach contents found to be "well-digested". Specimen on display at aquarium from March 2013 in five custom-made glass containers each holding different parts.
510 19 April 2013 (early morning) off Uchinoura, Kagoshima Prefecture, Kyushu Island, Japan (31°17′N 131°08′E / 31.283°N 131.133°E / 31.283; 131.133 (Giant squid specimen)) at 45 m depth NWP Caught alive in set net Architeuthis dux Entire Entire Unclear (young) EL: 608.5 mm; ML: 140.8 mm; VML: 131.0 mm; MW(maximum): 29.4 mm; HL: 34.7 mm; HW: 32.2 mm; FL: 56.2 mm; FW: 40.5 mm; EyD: 18.2 mm; LRL: 2.2 mm; URL: 2.0 mm; FuCL(L/R): 10.2/8.7 mm; FuCW(L/R): 2.9/2.7 mm; WT: 44.8 g; extensive additional measurements Kagoshima Aquarium Wada et al. (2015:3); Jozuka (2015); Yuhas (2015) Numerous media sources Caught by Shioji Maru. Species identification confirmed by COI sequence analysis.
511 28 April 2013 near Cape Campbell Lighthouse, Marlborough, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire, missing tentacles and arm tips, bite damage (otherwise in good condition; eye(s) and red skin intact) None; left to decompose on beach WL: 1.5 m; AL: ~0.5 m Kirk (2013); [Anonymous] (2013f) Found by Marlborough resident Jason Gluer while quad biking. Inspected by ranger and photographs sent to Te Papa for research purposes. Measurements provided by Department of Conservation spokesperson Clare Duston.
512 30 May 2013 off Brazil (25°36′S 042°21′W / 25.600°S 42.350°W / -25.600; -42.350 (Giant squid specimen); see map) SWA Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis dux Entire; "looked relatively well preserved, but had begun to deteriorate due to wave action" None; not collected "length": ~2 m (estimate) Leite et al. (2016) Sighted by three Marine Mammal Observers (Luciana Leite, Daniel Campbell & Leonardo Versiani) on duty onboard an operating seismic vessel. As the specimen was not examined its death cannot be unequivocally attributed to the seismic activity. Species identified by teuthologist Ángel Guerra from photograph by Leite. A "similar, smaller squid" was seen by Versiani in the same area earlier that month, but no photos were taken.
513 14 June 2013 off Hamada, Shimane Prefecture, Japan (34°56′N 131°59′E / 34.933°N 131.983°E / 34.933; 131.983 (Giant squid specimen)) at 120–130 m depth NWP Caught in purse seine net Architeuthis dux Entire Entire Unclear (young) EL: 1629.0 mm; ML: 332.0 mm; MW(maximum): 88.5 mm; HL: 47.0 mm; HW: 43.1 mm; FL: 100.1 mm; FW: 63.1 mm; EyD: 36.3 mm; LRL: 4.0 mm; URL: 4.2 mm; FuCL(L/R): 30.1/28.3 mm; FuCW(L/R): 6.7/6.7 mm; WT: 390.6 g; extensive additional measurements Simane Prefectural Fisheries Technology Center Wada et al. (2015:3); Jozuka (2015); Yuhas (2015) Numerous media sources Caught by Yoshikatsu Maru in same purse seine net as 1487 mm EL specimen. Species identification confirmed by COI sequence analysis.
514 14 June 2013 off Hamada, Shimane Prefecture, Japan (34°56′N 131°59′E / 34.933°N 131.983°E / 34.933; 131.983 (Giant squid specimen)) at 120–130 m depth NWP Caught in purse seine net Architeuthis dux Entire Entire Unclear (young) EL: 1487.0 mm; ML: 332.0 mm; MW(maximum): 58.5 mm; HL: 33.0 mm; HW: 38.5 mm; FL: 111.9 mm; FW: 67.3 mm; EyD: 36.2 mm; LRL: 4.2 mm; URL: 4.1 mm; FuCL(L/R): 27.0/26.5 mm; FuCW(L/R): 6.4/6.7 mm; WT: 357.0 g; extensive additional measurements Simane Prefectural Fisheries Technology Center Wada et al. (2015:3); Jozuka (2015); Yuhas (2015) Numerous media sources Caught by Yoshikatsu Maru in same purse seine net as 1629 mm EL specimen. Species identification confirmed by COI sequence analysis.
515 16 August 2013 (afternoon) ~0.5 mi (0.80 km) off Merón beach, Villaviciosa, Asturias, Spain NEA Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis dux Entire, fresh; with multiple bite marks, missing ends of arms and tentacles, eyes intact Entire Female WT: >70/80 kg; EL(estimate): 8 m CEPESMA Ramos (2013); [Anonymous] (2013i); [Anonymous] (2013j); [Anonymous] (2013k); [Anonymous] (2013l); Salas (2013) Likely carried from Carrandi Trench by strong northeast winds. Found by Gijón fishermen Caesar Ceñal and Pachi Sánchez. Brought to Gijón port and there examined by Luis Laria. Transferred by CEPESMA to Museo del Calamar Gigante in Luarca and frozen for necropsy. Necropsied on 29 September 2013 with male specimen from Palombina. Cause of death determined to be asphyxiation by larger female of possibly more than twice its weight, according to Luis Laria.
516 mid-September 2013 [recovered just over 10 days prior to 1 October] Palombina beach, Llanes, Asturias, Spain NEA Not stated Architeuthis Entire; poor condition Entire Male WT: 55 kg CEPESMA Salas (2013); [Anonymous] (2013l); del Castillo (2013) Necropsied on 29 September 2013 with female specimen from Merón.
517 1 October 2013 (morning) by mouth of Deva River, La Arena beach, near Pechón, Val de San Vicente, Cantabria, Spain NEA Found washed ashore Architeuthis dux Entire, missing skin and part of one tentacle, eyes present though burst; good condition with no external signs of bites or attacks Entire Female (adult) EL: 8.08 m; ML: 1.68 m; HL: 40 cm; AL: 2.3 m; TL: 6 m; WT: 150 kg Maritime Museum of Cantabria del Castillo (2013); Chato (2013); San José (2013); [Anonymous] (2013m); [Anonymous] (2013n); [Anonymous] (2013o); Thomas (2013); Bryner (2013) Bolívar (2015); numerous media sources Found and documented by underwater photographer Enrique Talledo. Moved to Maritime Museum of Cantabria in Santander where specimen was cleaned, sampled for analysis, and placed in cold storage (initial cold shock at −20 °C followed by −18 °C) under direction of Gerardo García-Castrillo. On morning of 2 October specimen was injected with alcohol, covered with paper moistened with 10% formalin, and finally covered with transparent film; may eventually be put on display. Entire length initially reported as >10 m and weight as 170, 174, or 180 kg.
518 4 January 2014 Himi fishing port, Toyama Prefecture, Japan NWP Not stated Architeuthis Entire? Not stated EL?: 3–4 m Yoshikawa (2014); Saul (2014) [Anonymous] (2014g)
519 8 January 2014 (morning) ~1 km from nearest port, off Sado Island, Niigata Prefecture, Japan NWP Found in stationary net; filmed alive at surface; died during retrieval Architeuthis Entire Entire, missing tentacles and most of red skin Male WL: 411.4 cm; EL(estimate): ~8 m; WT: 163 kg Fisheries Ocean Research Institute, Niigata Prefecture Yamamoto (2014); Thomas (2014); [Anonymous] (2014a); Hofilena (2014); Krishnan (2014); Saijo (2014); Yoshikawa (2014); Saul (2014); Higuchi et al. (2016) Numerous media sources Caught by fisherman Shigenori Goto, who also caught specimen on 11 February 2014. Found in net for Japanese amberjacks (Seriola quinqueradiata) at 70 m depth at around 7 am local time. Animal died shortly after being brought to surface.
520 19 January 2014 Kashiwazaki, Niigata Prefecture, Japan NWP Found washed ashore Architeuthis? Arms and tentacles only Not stated None Yoshikawa (2014) Yoshikawa (2014) states remains were "believed to be from a giant squid".
521 21 January 2014 off Ajiro port, Iwami, Tottori Prefecture, Japan NWP Caught in net Architeuthis Entire?, missing tentacles Not stated EL(estimate): ~8 m Yoshikawa (2014); Saul (2014) Described as a "monster squid" on account of its size. Photographed next to person (see Yoshikawa, 2014).
522 11 February 2014 off Sado Island, Niigata Prefecture, Japan NWP Caught in net Architeuthis Entire? Not stated EL?: 3–4 m Yoshikawa (2014); Higuchi et al. (2016) Caught by fisherman Shigenori Goto, who also caught specimen on 8 January 2014.
523 25 February 2014 (morning) ~5 km from Moroyose fishing port, Shinonsen, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan NWP Photographed alive at surface; snared with rope; died during retrieval "giant squid" Entire, missing tentacles Not stated WL: 4.13 m; EL(estimate): 8–9 m; WT: 150–200 kg [Anonymous] (2014e) Spotted by fisherman Tetsuo Okamoto while diving for turban shells at around 10:30 am local time. Squid swam above Okamoto when he was at depth of ~8 m. Squid was secured to boat with a rope and taken to port.
524 12 March 2014 Tokyo Bay, off Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan NWP Found floating at surface, captured alive, "died several hours after being caught" Architeuthis Entire Entire; tentacles intact, red skin partly intact Female EL: 4.38 m [initially reported as 3.6 m]; WT: ~24 kg Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park Aquarium [Anonymous] (2014f); [Anonymous] (2014r); [Anonymous] (2014s); [Anonymous] (2014t); [Anonymous] (2014u) Caught by local fisherman. Public dissection carried out by Tsunemi Kubodera at Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park Aquarium, Miura, on 8 August 2014 (covered by TV Tokyo). Dissection took 2 hours and involved removal of internal organs, sex determination, and measurements. Small fish bones found in stomach and scales (likely from sardine) in buccal area. Specimen estimated to be 1–2 years old. Planned to go on display at Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park Aquarium, preserved in formalin, from 13 September 2014.
525 26 March 2014 (early morning) 200 m off Hayoshi Port, Sado Island, Niigata Prefecture, Japan, at ~20 m depth NWP Caught in fixed fishing net "giant squid" Entire Entire; tentacles intact, red skin missing Female EL: 4.48 m; WT: 33.2 kg National Museum of Nature and Science facility (Tsukuba) Kakuno (2014); Higuchi et al. (2016) Caught by local fisherman Yuji Kawaguchi.
526 26 March 2014 off Ryotsu Port, Sado Island, Niigata Prefecture, Japan NWP "captured" "giant squid" Entire Entire; tentacles, eye(s) and red skin intact Male EL: 4.35 m; WT: 37.7 kg National Museum of Nature and Science facility (Tsukuba) Kakuno (2014); Higuchi et al. (2016) Caught later the same day as Hayoshi Port specimen, by different local fisherman.
527 7 April 2014 ~1 km offshore, Toyama Bay, Toyama Prefecture, Japan NWP Caught in fixed net giant squid ("ダイオウイカ") Entire, missing ends of tentacle(s) Not stated Male ML: ~1.5 m; WL?: ~3.5 m; EL(estimate): 7 m [Anonymous] (2014g) [Anonymous] (2014h); [Anonymous] (2014k) Caught in fixed net for squid. Alive at time of capture, dead when landed. Examined and measured by expert(s) from Uozu Aquarium.
528 8 April 2014 (morning) Toyama Bay, Shinminato, Imizu, Toyama Prefecture, Japan, at ~300 m depth NWP Caught in net giant squid ("ダイオウイカ") Entire, tentacles intact Not stated ML: ~1.1 m; EL: 5.1 m [Anonymous] (2014h) [Anonymous] (2014k) Second specimen from Toyama Bay in two days. Caught in net for Metapenaeopsis lata (broad velvet shrimp). Tasted by Kazuhisa Hagiwara of Shinminato Fisheries Cooperative Association who described it as very salty. Osamu Inamura, director of Uozu Aquarium, suggested global warming might be responsible for influx of specimens as giant squid's range is pushed northward.
529 12 April 2014 (morning) Aika Town, Matsue, Shimane Prefecture, Japan NWP Found floating at water's edge, alive giant squid ("ダイオウイカ") Entire Not stated EL: ~5 m [Anonymous] (2014i) Found by Etsuo Harada and others at 9 am. Pulled to land and died soon afterwards.
530 18 April 2014 (morning) 3 km off Nanao, Noto Peninsula, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan NWP Caught in fixed net giant squid ("ダイオウイカ") Entire, tentacles intact Not stated ML: 0.78 m; EL: 4.7/4.8 m; WT: ~30/50 kg [Anonymous] (2014j); [Anonymous] (2014k); [Anonymous] (2014l); Shinya (2014) [Anonymous] (2014o); [Anonymous] (2014p); [Anonymous] (2014q) Became entangled in fixed net around 5:30 am. Taken in Styrofoam box to supermarket in Shinbohon, Kanazawa, and there displayed on ice between 18 and 19 April. Identification confirmed by Shinichiro Ikeguchi, assistant director of Notojima Aquarium, based on size and fin shape.
531 20 April 2014 ~130 km off Kitadaito, [Daitō Islands], Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, at 500 m depth NWP Caught giant squid ("ダイオウイカ") Entire, fresh; missing ends of tentacles and some arms Entire WL: ~2.7 m; WT: ~32 kg Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium? [Anonymous] (2014m) Caught by fishermen targeting Thysanoteuthis rhombus (ソデイカ). Transferred to Okinawa Churashima Foundation in Motobu, where specimen was examined beginning on 25 April. Photographed being measured, later fixed in formalin.
532 27 April 2014 (morning) ~1 km off Shika, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan NWP Caught in fixed net, alive giant squid ("ダイオウイカ") Entire, good condition; eyes, tentacles and some red skin intact Entire Male EL: 5.02 m; WT: ~60 kg Notojima Aquarium [Anonymous] (2014n); [Anonymous] (2014o); [Anonymous] (2014p); [Anonymous] (2014q) Caught around 4:30 am by fishermen including deputy helmsman Isamu Mukai and landed in Togi fishing port. Still alive, specimen was transported in container to Notojima Aquarium in Nanao, but died 3 hours after capture. During transport, specimen was observed opening and closing its eyes and clinging to container with its suckers. Measured at aquarium and displayed there between 3 and 5 May (Golden Week).
533 4 September 2014 off Hamada-shi, Shimane Prefecture, Japan (35°01′N 131°23′E / 35.02°N 131.39°E / 35.02; 131.39 (Giant squid specimen)) at 120 m depth NWP Caught in fixed net? Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles missing Entire Male DML: 140 cm; WL: 314 cm Shimane Aquarium Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-1 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Reported by T. Fujita of Shimane Aquarium, where specimen was exhibited.
534 7 September 2014 ~100 mi (160 km) off Matagorda coast, Texas, United States (Gulf of Mexico) NWA Found floating at surface, dead "giant squid" Entire; missing red skin and posterior end of mantle (bite marks) Not stated EL?: 10 ft (3.0 m); WT: 200 lb (91 kg) "donated to researchers" Azad (2014) Found by fisherman Michael Belvin when returning from fishing trip with friends. Identification confirmed by Houston Zoo aquarium supervisor Mike Concannon. Belvin speculated it might have been attacked by a mako shark, based on bite marks. Find covered by KTRK-TV.
535 22 October 2014 900 m off Komeno, Echizen, Fukui Prefecture, Japan (35°32′N 135°35′E / 35.53°N 135.58°E / 35.53; 135.58 (Giant squid specimen)) at 65 m depth NWP Caught in fixed net, dead Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles largely missing Male DML: 117 cm; WL: 264 cm; EL: 288 cm; WT: ~40 kg Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-2 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Reported by S. Sasai of Echizen Matsushima Aquarium, where specimen was exhibited for four days.
536 8 November 2014 1 km off Waki, Sado Island, Niigata Prefecture, Japan (38°05′N 138°17′E / 38.09°N 138.29°E / 38.09; 138.29 (Giant squid specimen)) at <200 m depth NWP Caught in fixed net Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacle(s) present EL: 260 cm Kubodera et al. (2016); Higuchi et al. (2016) Specimen B-3 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Reported by The Asahi Shimbun on 11 November 2014. Displayed at fish festival.
537 20 November 2014 east of Okinoshima, Tottori Prefecture, Japan (36°10′N 133°24′E / 36.16°N 133.4°E / 36.16; 133.4 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP Caught in purse seine, dead Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles missing, head and mantle separated Female DML: 183.5 cm; WT: 130 kg Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-4 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Reported by K. Ichisawa of Tottori Prefectural Museum. Landed at Sakai[disambiguation needed] port.
538 24 November 2014 around Ongami-jima, Wakasa, Fukui Prefecture, Japan (35°23′N 135°28′E / 35.38°N 135.47°E / 35.38; 135.47 (Giant squid specimen)) at <60 m depth NWP Caught in fixed net?, alive Architeuthis dux Entire, good condition; tentacle(s) present DML: 137 cm; EL: 740 cm; WT: ~60 kg Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-5 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Reported by The Chunichi Shimbun on 24 November 2014. Examined and exhibited at Echizen Matsushima Aquarium.
539 24 November 2014 1 km off Tangocho-taiza, Kyotango-shi, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (35°27′N 135°02′E / 35.45°N 135.04°E / 35.45; 135.04 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis dux Head and arms only, tentacles missing None AL: 1.2 m Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-6 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Discovered by an angler and reported by Y. Ueno of the Fisheries Technology Department, Kyoto Prefectural Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Technology Center. Specimen left undisturbed.
540 27 November 2014 3.3 km off Yahatacho, Imizu-shi, Toyama Prefecture, Japan (36°29′N 137°04′E / 36.49°N 137.07°E / 36.49; 137.07 (Giant squid specimen)) at 330 m depth NWP Caught in bottom trawl for glass shrimp, alive Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacle(s) present DML: 155 cm; EL: 630 cm Kubodera et al. (2016) The Chunichi Shimbun 27 November 2014 Specimen B-7 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Served at an event after being hard cured.
541 9 December 2014 Kirihama beach, Takenocho, Toyooka-shi, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan (35°23′N 134°26′E / 35.39°N 134.44°E / 35.39; 134.44 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP Found stranded on beach, dead Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles missing WL: 350 cm; WT: ~100 kg Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-8 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Discovered by local people and reported by T. Wada of Shimane Aquarium.
542 23 December 2014 off Ineura, Ine, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (35°23′N 135°10′E / 35.38°N 135.17°E / 35.38; 135.17 (Giant squid specimen)) at <60 m depth NWP Caught in fixed net, alive Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles missing Entire WL: 3.2 m; BL+HL?: 2.3 m; WT: ~70 kg Kyoto Aquarium [Anonymous] (2015a); [Anonymous] (2015b); [Anonymous] (2015c); [Anonymous] (2016); Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-9 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Stored frozen at Kyoto Aquarium before being specially dried by seafood processing company Gogyofuku Co. over 8 days beginning on 16 July 2015 (this process takes half a day for a squid of normal size). Specimen shrunk considerably during processing. Displayed at Suma Aqualife Park in Kobe between August and November 2015, and in Kyoto Aquarium for two days in June 2016.
543 24 December 2014 Honjyo beach, Ine, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (35°26′N 135°10′E / 35.43°N 135.16°E / 35.43; 135.16 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP Found stranded on beach, dead Architeuthis dux Entire; only one tentacle present DML: 178 cm; EL: 507 cm; WT: ~100 kg Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-10 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Discovered by local people and reported by Y. Ueno of the Fisheries Technology Department, Kyoto Prefectural Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Technology Center, which recovered the specimen.
544 28 December 2014 600 m off Tomari, Obama-shi, Fukui Prefecture, Japan (35°19′N 135°25′E / 35.32°N 135.42°E / 35.32; 135.42 (Giant squid specimen)) at <20 m depth NWP Caught in fixed net, alive Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles missing None; returned to sea WL: ~300 cm Kubodera et al. (2016) Fukui Shimbun 28 December 2014 Specimen B-11 of Kubodera et al. (2016).
545 31 December 2014 2 km off Toyama-shi, Toyama Prefecture, Japan (36°28′N 137°08′E / 36.47°N 137.13°E / 36.47; 137.13 (Giant squid specimen)) at <100 m depth NWP Caught in fixed net, alive Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles missing Kubodera et al. (2016) Fuji News Network report, 31 December 2014 Specimen B-12 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Video footage recorded.
546 6 January 2015 Oobaneo beach, Iwami, Tottori Prefecture, Japan (35°22′N 134°12′E / 35.36°N 134.2°E / 35.36; 134.2 (Giant squid specimen)) NWP Found stranded on beach, dead Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles missing DML: 180.5 cm; WL: 355 cm Kubodera et al. (2016) Specimen B-13 of Kubodera et al. (2016). Discovered by local people and reported by Y. Kiyosue of Notojima Seaside Park.
547 13 May 2015 (morning) South Bay beach, Kaikoura, New Zealand SWP Found washed ashore "giant squid" Entire Entire BL: ~2 m; TL: >5 m; EyD: 19 cm Kaikoura Marine Centre and Aquarium Hill (2015) Numerous media sources Found by Bruce Bennett at 8:30 am while walking dog. Moved to Kaikoura Marine Centre and Aquarium and stored there in freezer.
548 6 August 2015 (morning) ~50 mi (80 km) north of Getaria and Zumaia, opposite Lekeitio, Basque Country, Spain NEA By trawl Architeuthis Entire Entire WL: <8 m; WL?: ~4.5 m; WT: >80 kg CEPESMA (Parque de la Vida, Valdés) Bolívar (2015); Gómez & Bolívar (2015) [Anonymous] (2015e); Del Gallo (2015) Caught by fisherman Antonio Do Veriño. Landed in port of Santander where it was auctioned and won by BM supermarkets, which placed it on display at their store on Rubén Darío street, Sardinero, Santander. Later handed over to Instituto Español de Oceanografía, who passed it on to CEPESMA in Luarca.
* last week of September 2015 off Hawaii NEP Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis?; Megalocranchia fisheri (Berry, 1909) Entire; several limbs missing, bite mark in head Entire EL?: ≥7 ft (2.1 m); WT: 52.7 lb (23.9 kg) [Anonymous] (2015d); Mosendz (2015) Non-architeuthid. Found and retrieved by fishermen with Kona Sea Adventures: boat captain Cyrus Widhalm, deckhands Manny Billegas II and Ian MacKelvie, and anglers Mathew and Miriam Fowler. Squid had apparently been attacked at sea. Landed in Kailua-Kona. Length estimated by laying alongside 72 in (180 cm) fishing bag. Later placed on ice and sent to Washington State for examination. Tentatively identified as Megalocranchia fisheri by marine biologist.
549 23 November 2015 (night) El Cudillo fishing ground (#202 on map), near Cañón de Lastres, Gijón, Spain, at 300–400 m depth NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux Entire Entire Female (immature?) EL: 10 m; WT: 150 kg CEPESMA (Parque de la Vida, Valdés) [Anonymous] (2015e); Del Gallo (2015); [Anonymous] (2015f); Peláez (2015) Numerous media sources Caught by the trawler Minchos VI around 21:30 pm local time, in waters 300 fathoms (550 m) deep. Landed in Muelle del Rendiello, El Musel, Gijón. Frozen in Gijón fish market before being transferred to CEPESMA in Luarca. Planned to be dissected later that year before going on display.
550 24 December 2015 Toyama Bay, Toyama Prefecture, Japan NWP Filmed alive near surface "giant squid" Entire None WL(estimate): 3.7 m None McKirdy & Ogura (2015); [Anonymous] (2015g); Hunt (2015) Numerous media sources Spent several hours in Toyama Bay harbour where it was filmed by local divers, including Akinobu Kimura, owner of Diving Shop Kaiyu, and professional underwater cameraman Takayoshi Kojima, who swam alongside it. Kojima "helped guide" it out to sea. The squid "showed some signs of energy", including squirting ink and attempting to wrap its arms around divers.
551 4 March 2016 5–6 nmi (9.3–11.1 km) off Saint Gilles, Reunion Island (21°03′S 55°08′E / 21.050°S 55.133°E / -21.050; 55.133 (Giant squid specimen); coordinates estimated from eyewitness statements) SIO Found floating at surface, dead Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 Entire; missing distal part of mantle including fins Head with limbs LRL: 19.74 mm; DML(estimated from LRL): 2153–3060 mm; EL(estimated from DML): 7262–15,664 mm University of Reunion Island Romanov et al. (2017) Found by crew of game fishing vessel FV Maeva 4, including captain Loïc Jauneau and deckhand Joel Mussard. Possibly largest recorded giant squid specimen.
552 7 October 2016 beach on Bares peninsula, Galicia, Spain (43°46.17′N 7°40.25′W / 43.76950°N 7.67083°W / 43.76950; -7.67083 (Giant squid specimen)) NEA Photographed alive in water; 2.5 hours later found stranded on beach, dead Architeuthis dux Entire, "very fresh"; tentacles severed at base, mantle covered with sucker marks and scars Female (immature) DML: 123 cm; WT: 105 kg Keartes (2016b); Guerra et al. (2018); Preston (2018) First live adult photographed outside Japanese waters. Necropsy revealed no signs of mating, no food remains in digestive tract, and no traces of macroscopic parasites. mtDNA analysis confirmed species as A. dux.
553 March 2017 near Melkbosstrand, South Africa SEA Found floating at surface, alive; filmed wrapping itself around paddleboard; snared with rope and dragged to shore Architeuthis Entire, badly injured; covered with bite marks, missing several arm tips and patches of skin Male Keartes (2017b); Grundhauser (2017) Found by paddleboarder James Taylor. Once Taylor secured a rope around it and pulled at it the animal lethargically wrapped its arms around his board. He then pulled it to shore to save it "for research purposes". Once on the beach, Taylor severed its head to "put it out of its misery", after which the animal was seen to release spermatophores, confirming that it was male. The whole incident was captured on video, with further video and photos taken on the beach. Identified as a giant squid by teuthologist Michael Vecchione based on footage. Poor state of animal might indicate post-spawning individual.
554 15 May 2017 near Porcupine Basin, 190 km off Dingle, County Kerry, Ireland NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux Entire; tentacles intact Entire Male (juvenile) EL: 5.8 m NMI O'Sullivan (2017); [Anonymous] (2017a); [Anonymous] (2017b); Flannery (2017); Keartes (2017a); O'Sullivan & Hamilton (2017) Numerous media sources Caught by crew of Cú na Mara, skippered by Pete Flannery, while trawling for prawns. Flannery's father caught two giant squid in the same area in 1995. First taken to Dingle Oceanworld in Dingle, where it was dissected by marine biologist Kevin Flannery and studied by marine science students from Sacred Heart University, Connecticut, then transferred to the Natural History Museum in Dublin. Total length misreported as 15.8 m by O'Sullivan & Hamilton (2017).
555 18 July 2017 Porcupine Bank, off Dingle, County Kerry, Ireland NEA By trawl Architeuthis dux Entire, good condition; tentacles and eye(s) intact Entire EL: 5.5 m Dingle Oceanworld Lucey (2017); [Anonymous] (2017c) Numerous media sources Caught by crew of Cú na Mara, skippered by Pete Flannery, while trawling for prawns. Flannery's father caught two giant squid in the same area in 1995. Studied by marine biologist Kevin Flannery. In "better condition" than specimen from 15 May 2017.
556 6 April 2018 (morning) Sibutu, Tawi-Tawi, Philippines NWP Found by fisherman, dead "giant squid" Entire; skin, tentacles and ends of arms missing Not stated (none?) WL(arm tips missing): "just over" 8 ft (2.4 m); BD: 1.5 ft (0.46 m) Nelz (2018); Dean (2018) First record from the Philippines. Photographed and filmed laid out on grass in local village with tape measure; see video. Seen by local fisherman Harold Eduardo Curtis.
557 2018 [reported on 27 April] off west coast of Tasmania, Australia, at 380 m depth SWP Caught Architeuthis dux Entire None; discarded at sea WL?(estimate): ~3 m; WT(estimate): 80–100 kg None [Anonymous] (2018); Blackwood (2018) Caught by crew of the Empress Pearl, including skipper Alec Harvey. Specimen photographed and thrown overboard. Tentatively identified as Architeuthis dux by Julian Finn of the Melbourne Museum.

Type specimens[edit]

The following table lists the nominal species-level taxa associated with the genus Architeuthis, together with their corresponding type specimens, type localities, and type repositories (after Sweeney & Young, 2003; Sweeney, 2017). Binomial names are listed alphabetically by specific epithet and presented in their original combinations.

Binomial name and author citation Systematic status Type locality Type specimen and type repository
Loligo bouyeri Crosse & Fischer, 1862:138 Architeuthid? [fide Gervais (1875:93)] Canary Islands? (#18) Unresolved
Architeuthis clarkei Robson, 1933:682, text-figs. 1–7, pl. 1 Undetermined Scarborough Beach, Yorkshire, England (#108) BMNH Holotype 1933.1.30.5 + 1926.3.31.24 (radula and beak) [fide Lipiński et al. (2000:106)]
Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857:183 Nomen tantum
Architeuthis dux Steenstrup in Harting, 1860:11, pl. 1 fig. 1A Valid species [fide Nesis (1987:218)] 31°N 76°W / 31°N 76°W / 31; -76 (Giant squid specimen) (Atlantic Ocean) (#14) ZMUC Holotype [fide Kristensen & Knudsen (1983:222)]
Plectoteuthis grandis Owen, 1881:156, pls. 34–35 Architeuthis sp. [fide Pfeffer (1912:2)] Not indicated (#30) BMNH Holotype [fide Owen (1881:156)] [not traced by Lipiński et al. (2000)]
Loligo hartingii Verrill, 1875b:86, fig. 28 Valid species; Architeuthis hartingii [fide Verrill (1880a:240)] Not indicated (#16) University of Utrecht as Architeuthis dux, identification by Harting
Megaloteuthis harveyi Kent, 1874a:181 Architeuthis sp. Conception Bay, Newfoundland (#28) YPM Type 12600y [fide S.S. Berry unpublished notes at NMNH]
Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912:27 Undetermined Tokyo Bay, Japan (#67) Undetermined; Holotype [=Mitsukuri & Ikeda (1895:39–50, pl. 10)]
Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887:155 Architeuthis stockii (Kirk, 1882) [fide Förch (1998:89)] Cape Campbell, New Zealand (#61) NMNZ Holotype M.125404 + ?M.125406 [fide Marshall (1996:45)]
Architeuthis longimanus Kirk, 1888:34, pls. 7–9 Architeuthis stockii (Kirk, 1882) [fide Förch (1998:89)] Lyall Bay, New Zealand (#62) NMNZ Holotype; specimen not located [fide Marshall (1996:46)]
Megateuthis martensii Hilgendorf, 1880:67 Valid species; Architeuthis martensii [fide Undetermined] Yedo Japan fish market, Japan (#27) ZMB Moll. 34716 + 38980
Architeuthis megaptera Verrill, 1878:207 Non-architeuthid; Sthenoteuthis pteropus (Steenstrup, 1855) Nova Scotia, Canada (#—) NSMC 1870–Z-2
Architeuthis? monachus Steenstrup, 1857:184 Nomen tantum
Architeuthis monachus Steenstrup in Harting, 1860:11 Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 [fide Stephen (1962:154)] Raabjerg Strand; Northwest coast of Jutland, Denmark [fide Kristensen & Knudsen (1983:223)] (#13) ZMUC Holotype [fide Kristensen & Knudsen (1983:223)]
Architeuthis mouchezi Velain, 1875:1002 Nomen nudum; see Mouchezis sancti-pauli
Architeuthis nawaji Cadenat, 1935:513 Undetermined Île d'Yeu, Bay of Biscay, France (#110) Unresolved
Dubioteuthis physeteris Joubin, 1900:102, pl. 15 Valid species; Architeuthis physeteris [fide Voss (1956:136)] Azores (38°34'45"N 29°37'W); from sperm whale stomach (#68) MOM Holotype [station 588] [fide Belloc (1950:6); listed incorrectly as station 558]
Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875a:22 Nomen nudum
Architeuthis princeps Verrill, 1875b:79, figs. 25–27 Undetermined a) Grand Banks, Newfoundland; b) North Atlantic (sperm whale stomach) (#22 and 26) NMNH? [not found in collections to date]; Syntypes (a) Verrill specimen No. 1, lower beak; b) Verrill specimen No. 10, upper and lower beak)
Dinoteuthis proboscideus More, 1875a:4527 Architeuthis sp. [fide Pfeffer (1912:2)] Dingle, County Kerry, Ireland (#3) Unresolved
Mouchezis sancti-pauli Velain, 1877:81, text-fig. 8 Valid species; Architeuthis sanctipauli [fide Undetermined] on beach, St. Paul Island (38°43′S 77°32′E / 38.717°S 77.533°E / -38.717; 77.533 (Giant squid specimen)), South Indian Ocean (#33) MNHN Holotype 3-2-658 and 3-2-659 (tentacular clubs only) [fide Lu et al. (1995:324)]
Steenstrupia stockii Kirk, 1882:286, pl. 36 figs. 2–4 Valid species; Architeuthis stockii [fide Förch (1998:89)][Architeuthid fide Pfeffer (1912:2)] Cook Strait, New Zealand (#48) NMNZ Holotype M.125405 + M.125403 [fide Marshall (1996:45)]
Architeuthis titan Steenstrup in Verrill, 1875b:84 [in Verrill (1881b:238, footnote)] Nomen nudum
Architeuthis verrilli Kirk, 1882:284, pl. 36 fig. 1 Species dubium [fide Förch (1998:89)] Island Bay, Cook Strait, New Zealand (#56) NMNZ Holotype; [see Förch (1998:89)]

Abbreviations[edit]

The following abbreviations are used in the List of giant squid table.

Oceanic sectors[edit]

Worldwide giant squid distribution based on recovered specimens

The genus Architeuthis has a cosmopolitan (Okutani, 2015) or bi-subtropical distribution (Nesis, 2003). Oceanic sectors used in the main table follow Sweeney & Roper (2001): the Atlantic Ocean is divided into sectors at the equator and 30°W, the Pacific Ocean is divided at the equator and 180°, and the Indian Ocean is defined as the range 20°E to 115°E.

  • NWA, Northwest Atlantic Ocean
  • NEA, Northeast Atlantic Ocean
  • SWA, Southwest Atlantic Ocean
  • SEA, Southeast Atlantic Ocean
  • NWP, Northwest Pacific Ocean
  • NEP, Northeast Pacific Ocean
  • SWP, Southwest Pacific Ocean
  • SEP, Southeast Pacific Ocean
  • NIO, Northern Indian Ocean
  • SIO, Southern Indian Ocean
  • MED, Mediterranean Sea

Measurements[edit]

Measuring mantle width
Measuring beak dimensions
Taking sucker counts

Abbreviations used for measurements and counts follow Sweeney & Roper (2001) and are based on standardised acronyms in teuthology, primarily those defined by Roper & Voss (1983), with the exception of several found in older references. Following Sweeney & Roper (2001), the somewhat non-standard EL ("entire" length) and WL ("whole" length) are used in place of the more common TL (total length; here tentacle length) and SL (standard length; here spermatophore length), respectively.

  • AC, arm circumference (AC(I), AC(II), AC(III) and AC(IV) refer to measurements of specific arm pairs)
  • AD, arm diameter (AD(I), AD(II), AD(III) and AD(IV) refer to measurements of specific arm pairs)
  • AF, arm formula
  • AL, arm length (AL(I), AL(II), AL(III) and AL(IV) refer to measurements of specific arm pairs)
  • ASC, arm sucker count
  • ASD, arm sucker diameter
  • BAC, buccal apparatus circumference
  • BAL, buccal apparatus length
  • BC, body circumference (assumed to mean greatest circumference of mantle unless otherwise specified)
  • BD, body diameter (assumed to mean greatest diameter of mantle)
  • BL, body length (usually equivalent to mantle length, as head length is often given separately)
  • CaL, carpus length
  • CL, club length (usually refers to expanded portion at the apex of tentacle)
  • CSC, club sucker count
  • CSD, club sucker diameter (usually largest) [usually equivalent to LSD]
  • CW, club width
  • DC, dactylus club length
  • EC, egg count
  • ED, egg diameter
  • EL, "entire" length (end of tentacle(s), often stretched, to posterior tip of tail; in contrast to WL, measured from end of arms to posterior tip of tail)
  • EyD, eye diameter
  • EyOD, eye orbit diameter
  • FL, fin length
  • FuCL, funnel cartilage length
  • FuCW, funnel cartilage width
  • FuD, funnel opening diameter
  • FuL, funnel length
  • FW, fin width
  • GiL, gill length
  • GL, gladius (pen) length
  • GW, gladius (pen) width
  • G(W), daily growth rate (%)
  • HC, head circumference
  • HeL, hectocotylus length
  • HL, head length (most often base of arms to edge of mantle)
  • HW, head width
  • LAL, longest arm length
  • LRL, lower rostral length of beak
  • LSD, largest sucker diameter (on tentacle club) [usually equivalent to CSD]
  • MaL, manus length
  • ML, dorsal mantle length (used only where stated as such)
  • MT, mantle thickness
  • MW, maximum mantle width (used only where stated as such)
  • NGL, nidamental gland length
  • PL, penis length
  • RaL, radula length
  • RaW, radula width
  • RL, rachis length
  • RW, rachis width
  • SInc, number of statolith increments
  • SL, spermatophore length
  • SoA, spermatophores on arms
  • SSL, spermatophore sac length
  • TaL, tail length
  • TC, tentacle circumference (most often of tentacle stalk)
  • TCL, tentacle club length
  • TD, tentacle diameter (most often of tentacle stalk)
  • TL, tentacle length
  • TSC, tentacle sucker count (club and stalk combined)
  • TSD, tentacle sucker diameter (usually largest)
  • URL, upper rostral length of beak
  • VML, ventral mantle length
  • WL, "whole" length (end of arms, often damaged, to posterior tip of tail; in contrast to EL, measured from end of tentacles to posterior tip of tail)
  • WT, weight

Repositories[edit]

Institutional acronyms follow Sweeney & Roper (2001) and are primarily those defined by Leviton et al. (1985) and Leviton & Gibbs (1988). Where the acronym is unknown, the full repository name is listed.

Specimen images[edit]

The number below each image corresponds to the specimen or sighting in the List of giant squid that the image depicts. The date on which the specimen was first captured, found, or observed is also given.

#1 (c. 1546)
Japetus Steenstrup's comparison of a squid (with tentacles in an anatomically implausible position) with two 16th century drawings of the sea monk of the Øresund, most probably found in 1546 or slightly earlier 
#18 (30/11/1861)
The Alecton attempts to capture a giant squid on 30 November 1861 
#18 (30/11/1861)
Reproduction of the original watercolour by officers of the Alecton 
#18 (30/11/1861)
Another depiction of the Alecton encounter 
#28 (26/10/1873)
The 19-foot (5.8 m) tentacle of the first Architeuthis ever examined on land, hacked off a living animal on 26 October 1873 
#29 (25/11?/1873)
Giant squid from Logy Bay, Newfoundland, draped over Reverend Moses Harvey's sponge bath, November or December 1873 
#29 (25/11?/1873)
The mutilated mantle of the Logy Bay specimen photographed in Moses Harvey's home (the caudal fin is visible on the right) 
#29 (25/11?/1873)
A.E. Verrill's reconstruction of "Architeuthis Harveyi", the Logy Bay giant squid 
#33 (2/11/1874)
The "calmar gigantesque" that washed ashore on Île Saint-Paul on 2 November 1874 
#34 (?/12/1874)
Drawing by A.E. Verrill, from specimen obtained at Fortune Bay, Newfoundland, in December 1874 
#43 (24/9/1877)
The "nearly perfect specimen" that was beached alive in Catalina, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, on 24 September 1877 
#43 (24/9/1877)
Another depiction of the Catalina specimen, from the cover of the 17 November 1877 issue of The Penny Illustrated Paper and Illustrated Times 
#43 (24/9/1877)
Another depiction of the Trinity Bay specimen, showing the animal after it had died 
#43 (24/9/1877)
J. H. Emerton's drawing of the Trinity Bay giant squid 
#62 (?/10/1887)
T. W. Kirk's sketch of the Architeuthis longimanus type specimen in lateral aspect, from Kirk (1888). Note the extreme length of the feeding tentacles relative to the mantle and arms. 
#68 (18/7/1895)
Mantle measuring 46 cm originally recovered from sperm whale vomit, from a 1900 work by Louis Joubin. This specimen is the holotype of Dubioteuthis physeteris
#69 (10/4/1896) and #70 (27/9/1896)
The two largest Norwegian giant squid specimens, measuring 10 and 12 m in total length, were both found washed ashore at Kyrksæterøra in 1896. 
#69 (10/4/1896) or #70 (27/9/1896)
One of the two giant specimens from Kyrksæterøra, stretched out for measurement 
Giant squid that "came ashore on the Scottish west coast", date not specified (Bright, 1989:64–65). 
#102 (4/3/1928)
Specimen found washed ashore in Ranheim, Norway, measuring around 7.9 m in total length 
#137 (2/10/1954)
Specimen measuring 9.24 m in total length found in Trondheimsfjord, Norway 
#240 (?/2/1980)
Specimen that washed ashore on Plum Island, Massachusetts, in early February 1980, exhibited at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. 
#240 (?/2/1980)
Since 2009, the Plum Island specimen has been on loan to the Georgia Aquarium in Atlanta, where it is on display in the Cold Water Quest Gallery 
#254 (14/11/1981) Giant squid during dissection at the Memorial University of Newfoundland. This specimen was recovered in Bonavista North, Newfoundland. 
#380 (?/?/1998)
First known specimen from the Mediterranean Sea, on display at the Museo Alborania in Málaga, Spain. Preserved in formaldehyde, it is an immature female with a mantle length of around 1.25 m. 
(20/2/1999)
Giant squid at the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington, New Zealand 
#414 (27/1/2000)
The world's first plastinated giant squid, displayed at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle in Paris 
(3/1/2002)
Giant squid caught around 160 km off the Hebrides, preserved at the National Marine Aquarium in Plymouth, England 
#463 (15/3/2004)
Specimen nicknamed 'Archie' being imaged and measured in the Tank Room of the Natural History Museum in London 
#463 (15/3/2004)
'Archie' preserved in a 9.45 m-long acrylic tank at London's Natural History Museum 
(?/7/2005)
Male specimen caught in Spanish waters in July 2005 
(?/7/2005)
Same specimen on display at the Sant Ocean Hall of the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. 
(?/7/2005)
Large female caught off northern Spain 
(?/7/2005)
Same specimen on display at the NMNH's Sant Ocean Hall, preserved in 3M Novec fluid 
#467 (?/?/2005)
Giant squid measuring 7 m encased in ice at the Melbourne Aquarium 
#512 (30/5/2013)
Dead specimen seen from an operating seismic vessel off Brazil 
Giant squid preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid 
Specimen on display at the Melbourne Museum 
Giant squid at the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden, the Netherlands 
Several giant squid specimens from the NTNU Museum of Natural History and Archaeology in Trondheim, Norway. The oldest specimen (#70), found in 1896, is also the largest at 12 m in total length. 
Giant squid preserved in a tank at Mote Aquarium in Sarasota, Florida 
Specimen exhibited at Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium, Japan 
Giant squid display at Kelly Tarlton's Underwater World in Auckland, New Zealand 
Giant squid head recovered from a sperm whale stomach, at the London Natural History Museum's Darwin Centre 
Giant squid dissection performed by Clyde Roper (top left) and scientists from NOAA and the Delaware Museum of Natural History 
Giant squid on display at the Faculty of Marine Sciences, University of Vigo 
Specimen identified as Architeuthis sanctipauli, at the National Museum of Natural Science in Taichung, Taiwan 
A small (1 m ML; 30 kg) but fully mature male being examined by Steve O'Shea on 28 February 1999, during the "In Search of Giant Squid" expedition 
Giant squid specimen with tentacles fully extended, exhibited at the German Oceanographic Museum in Stralsund 
Dried giant squid originally measuring 3 m in length 
Originating from New Zealand, this giant squid specimen measures 27 feet (8.2 m) in total length and is preserved at Mote Aquarium in Sarasota, Florida. Nicknamed "Molly the Mollusk", it is one of only a handful of giant squid specimens on public display in the United States.

Notes and references[edit]

Explanatory footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Verrill's marginal annotations read as follows: "Architeuthis monachus (No. 5) Logie Bay, N. Foundland about ​18 natural size between ​18 and ​19. The tub is 38 ​12 inches in diameter and circular. Harvey (?) letter. Some of the suckers are broken off on the short arms. They alternate in two regular rows. On the club of the long arm there is a marginal row of small suckers on each side alternating with the large ones. One sucker gone on this long arm." (Aldrich, 1991:459).
  2. ^ Ellis (1998a:86) described Verrill as someone with "an almost limitless capacity for work", who "began publishing papers on these specimens almost as fast as they came in". The full list of Verrill's publications on the Newfoundland strandings of 1870–1881 is as follows: Verrill 1874a, b, 1875a, b, c, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1880a, b, 1881a, b, 1882a.
  3. ^ The Logy Bay specimen of November 1873 (#29 on this list) was the first complete giant squid to be photographed (Offord, 2016; Keartes, 2016a), albeit in two parts and across two frames (Aldrich, 1991:458). Although cited by Aldrich (1991:459) as "the first photographs of an architeuthid in North America", the specimen directly preceding it chronologically (by almost exactly a month; #28 from Portugal Cove) was also photographed, though here only a severed tentacle—the only part saved—was imaged. Woodcuts prepared from this latter photograph appeared in a number of periodicals of the time, including The Field and The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Harvey, 1874a:68; Verrill, 1875a:34).
  4. ^ A number of photos of live (adult) giant squid at the surface off Okinawa came to light in 2003 (#449 and 450), but it is uncertain when these were taken ([Anonymous], c. 2003; O'Shea, 2003f; Eyden, 2006). Another live animal was photographed at the surface in the same area on 15 April 2004 (#464; [Anonymous], 2004a).
  5. ^ a b Kirk (1888:38) provides a table with a detailed breakdown of the specimen's various measurements. There is, however, a discrepancy between the total length of 684 in (17.37 m, or exactly 57 ft) given in the table—which agrees with the individual values of 71 in (1.80 m) for the mantle, 22 in (0.56 m) for the head, and 591 in (15.01 m) for the tentacles—and the total length of 55 ft 2 in (16.81 m) given by Kirk in the body of the article. Wood (1982:191) suggested that, due to the tentacles' highly retractile nature, the total length of 62 feet (18.9 m) originally reported by the fisherman "may have been correct at the time he found the squid", and that "[t]his probably also explains the discrepancy in Kirk's figures". Owing to its small mantle size, Wood (1982:191) estimated that "this specimen probably weighed less than 300 lb [140 kg]". O'Shea & Bolstad (2008) opined that the reported total length of 55 ft 2 in (16.81 m) "simply cannot be correct" and attributed it to either "imagination" or artificial lengthening of the tentacles. They added that a female giant squid with a mantle length of 71 in (180 cm) "measured post mortem and relaxed (by modern standards) today would have a total length of ~32 feet [9.8 m]".

Full citations[edit]

The following references appear as short citations in the List of giant squid table and in supporting text. They also serve as a comprehensive bibliography of scientific and popular literature on the giant squid.

A[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

B[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

C[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

D[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

E[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

F[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

G[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

H[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

I[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

J[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

K[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

L[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

M[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

N[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

O[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

P[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}

Q[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}
  • Quoy, J.R.C. & J.P. Gaimard (1824). Voyage autour du monde . . . exécuté sure les corvettes de S.M. l'Uranie et la physicienne pendant les années 1817, 1818, 1819, et 1820. Louis de Freycinet, Paris. (in French)

R[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}
individual journal entries from 18 February to 27 March.
  • Rosa, R., J. Pereira & M.L. Nunes (2005). Biochemical composition of cephalopods with different life strategies, with special reference to a giant squid, Architeuthis sp.. Marine Biology 146(4): 739–751. doi:10.1007/s00227-004-1477-5
  • Rosas Luis, R. (2012). Calamares dominan el océano y los mares mexicanos. Biodiversitas 101: 11–16. (in Spanish)
  • Rowe, T. (2008). Giant Squid. Farewell Spit Eco Tours, 16 October 2008.
  • Ruiz, A. & R. Fondacaro (1996). Un calamar gigante en aguas de la plataforma patagónica. Jornadas Patagónicas de Medio Ambiente, Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco, 9–11 October 1996, Esquel – Chubut Patagonia Argentina. Abstracts, p. 95. (in Spanish)
  • Rusk, K. (2008). 25-foot squid found in Monterey Bay. KGO-TV (ABC7), 26 June 2008.

S[edit]

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z {Author unknown}