List of governors-general of New Zealand
The following is a list of the governors and governors-general of New Zealand. As the personal representative of the New Zealand monarch, the governor-general performs many of the functions vested in the Crown, such as summoning and dissolving parliament, granting or withholding the Royal Assent, making state visits and receiving ambassadors. These functions are performed on the advice of the head of government, the prime minister.
Since the office was established in 1841, 37 individuals have served as governor, governor-in-chief (1848–1853), or governor-general (since 1917). The list does not include lieutenant-governors of the provinces of New Ulster and New Munster that existed between 1848 and 1853.[a] The table also does not include administrators of the government, who fulfil vice-regal duties between the terms of governors-general, or at other times when the governor-general is overseas or otherwise unable to carry out the role. The role of administrator is normally undertaken by the chief justice.
|No.||Name||Portrait||Term of office||Length of term||Monarch||Premier/Prime Minister|
|1||William Hobson||30 January 1840||3 May 1841||1 year, 93 days||Victoria||None[b]|
|1||William Hobson||3 May 1841||10 September 1842||1 year, 130 days||Victoria||None[b]|
|2||Robert FitzRoy||26 December 1843||17 November 1845||1 year, 326 days|
|3||Sir George Grey||18 November 1845||31 December 1853[c]||8 years, 43 days|
|4||Thomas Gore Browne||6 September 1855||2 October 1861||6 years, 26 days|||
|(3)||Sir George Grey||4 December 1861||5 February 1868||6 years, 63 days|||
|5||Sir George Ferguson Bowen||5 February 1868||19 March 1873||5 years, 42 days|||
|6||Sir James Fergusson||14 June 1873||3 December 1874||1 year, 172 days||Julius Vogel|
|7||George Phipps, Marquess of Normanby||9 January 1875||21 February 1879||4 years, 43 days|||
|8||Sir Hercules Robinson||17 April 1879||8 September 1880||1 year, 144 days|||
|9||Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon||29 November 1880||23 June 1882||1 year, 206 days|||
|10||Sir William Jervois||20 January 1883||22 March 1889||6 years, 61 days|||
|11||William Onslow, Earl of Onslow||2 May 1889||24 February 1892||2 years, 298 days|||
|12||David Boyle, Earl of Glasgow||7 June 1892||6 February 1897||4 years, 244 days|||
|13||Uchter Knox, Earl of Ranfurly||10 August 1897||19 June 1904||6 years, 314 days||||Richard Seddon|
|14||William Plunket, Lord Plunket||20 June 1904||8 June 1910||5 years, 353 days|||||
|15||John Dickson-Poynder, Lord Islington||22 June 1910||2 December 1912||2 years, 163 days||George V|||
|16||Arthur Foljambe, Earl of Liverpool||19 December 1912||27 June 1917||4 years, 190 days||||William Massey|
|1||Arthur Foljambe, Earl of Liverpool||28 June 1917||7 July 1920||3 years, 9 days||George V||William Massey|
|2||John Jellicoe, Viscount Jellicoe||27 September 1920||26 November 1924||4 years, 60 days|
|3||Sir Charles Fergusson||13 December 1924||8 February 1930||5 years, 57 days|||
|4||Charles Bathurst, Lord Bledisloe||19 March 1930||15 March 1935||4 years, 361 days|||
|5||George Monckton-Arundell, Viscount Galway||12 April 1935||3 February 1941||5 years, 297 days|||||
|||Michael Joseph Savage|
|6||Sir Cyril Newall||22 February 1941||19 April 1946||5 years, 56 days||George VI||Peter Fraser|
|7||Bernard Freyberg, Lord Freyberg||17 June 1946||15 August 1952||6 years, 59 days|||||
|8||Sir Willoughby Norrie||2 December 1952||25 July 1957||4 years, 235 days||Elizabeth II||Sidney Holland|
|9||Charles Lyttelton, Viscount Cobham||5 September 1957||13 September 1962||5 years, 8 days|||
|10||Sir Bernard Fergusson||9 November 1962||20 October 1967||4 years, 345 days||Keith Holyoake|
|11||Sir Arthur Porritt[d]||1 December 1967||6 September 1972||4 years, 280 days|||
|12||Sir Denis Blundell||27 September 1972||5 October 1977||5 years, 8 days|||
|13||Sir Keith Holyoake||26 October 1977||23 October 1980||2 years, 363 days||Robert Muldoon|
|14||Sir David Beattie||6 November 1980||10 November 1985||5 years, 4 days|||
|15||Sir Paul Reeves||20 November 1985||20 November 1990||5 years, 0 days|||
|16||Dame Catherine Tizard||12 December 1990||3 March 1996||5 years, 104 days||Jim Bolger|
|17||Sir Michael Hardie Boys||21 March 1996||21 March 2001||5 years, 0 days|||
|18||Dame Silvia Cartwright||4 April 2001||4 August 2006||5 years, 122 days||Helen Clark|
|19||Sir Anand Satyanand||23 August 2006||23 August 2011||5 years, 0 days|||
|20||Sir Jerry Mateparae||31 August 2011||31 August 2016||5 years, 0 days||John Key|
|21||Dame Patsy Reddy||28 September 2016||Incumbent||4 years, 258 days|||
|22||Dame Cindy Kiro||Announced|||
- For their respective lieutenant-governors, see New Ulster Province and New Munster Province.
- New Zealand attained responsible government following the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852
- Between 1 January 1848 and 7 March 1853, the vice-regal representative held the office of governor-in-chief
- Sir Arthur Porritt was the first New Zealand-born governor general, although he had been living in Britain for 31 years at the time of his appointment. All governors-general since Sir Denis Blundell have been New Zealand residents and, with the exception of Sir David Beattie, New Zealand-born, and appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.
- Beaglehole, Diana (30 October 2012). "Porritt, Arthur Espie". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Governor-General of New Zealand: Former Governors-General". gov-gen.govt.nz. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- James, Colin (22 August 2006). "The huge challenge ahead of the Maori Queen's successor". The New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012.
- McLean, Gavin (October 2006). "The Governors, New Zealand Governors and Governors-General". Otago University Press. ISBN 978-1-877372-25-4.
- "Republic 'inevitable'–Clark". The Evening Post. 4 March 2002.
- "Patriated – the Governor-General". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2013.