List of governors of Islamic Egypt

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Governors of Arab Egypt (640–1250) and Mamluk Egypt (1250–1517).

The Rashidun Caliphs era (640–658)[edit]

# Governor (Amir) Start End Period Fate
1 Amr ibn al-As No picture available 640 646 6 years Secluded by Uthman Ibn Affan
2 Abdallah ibn Sa'ad No picture available 646 656 10 years Overthrown by Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa
3 Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa No picture available 656 657 1 year Killed
4 Qays ibn Sa'd No picture available 657 657 6 months Secluded
5 Malik ibn al-Harith No picture available 657 657 1 day Died before reaching Al-Fustat
6 Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr No picture available 658 658 5 months Killed

Umayyad Caliphate era (659–750)[edit]

# Governor (Wali) Start End Comments
1 'Amr ibn al-'As 658 664 Conqueror of Egypt. Died in office
2 Utba ibn Abi Sufyan 664 665 Brother of Mu'awiya I. Died
3 Utba ibn Amir 665 667 Muleteer of Muhammad. Unseated
4 Maslama ibn Mukhallad al-Ansari 667 682 Leading Umayyad partisan in Egypt. Died in office
5 Sa'id ibn Yazid ibn al-Qama al-Azdi 682 684 Unseated
6 Abd al-Rahman ibn Utba al-Fihri 684 684 Appointed by Ibn al-Zubayr
7 Abd al-Aziz ibn Marwan ibn al-Hakam 685 705 Died in office
8 Abdallah ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn al-Hakam 705 709 Unseated
9 Qurra ibn Sharik al-Absi 709 715 Died in office
10 Abd al-Malik ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi 715 717 Unseated
11 Ayyub ibn Sharhabil 717 720 -
12 Bishr ibn Safwan al-Kalbi 720 721 Became the governor of Ifriqiya
13 Handhala ibn Safwan al-Kalbi 721 724 -
14 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan 724 724 Resigned after witnessing an epidemic
15 Al-Hurr ibn Yusuf 724 727 Died in office. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
16 Abd al-Malik ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi 727 727 Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
17 Al-Walid ibn Rifa'a ibn Thabit al-Fahmi 727 735 Unseated. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
18 Abd al-Rahman ibn Khalid al-Fahmi 735 737 Unseated
19 Handhala ibn Safwan al-Kalbi 737 741 Became the Wali of Africa
20 Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami 741 744 Resigned
21 Hasan ibn Atahiya 744 744 Ran away after opposition by the Hafsiya
22 Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami 744 745 Installed by the Hfsiya, surrendered to his successor without a fight
23 al-Hawthala ibn Suhayl al-Bahili 745 749 Unseated
24 Al-Mughira ibn Ubayd al-Fazari 749 749 Died
25 Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn Musa ibn Nusayr 749 749 Unseated by the Abbasids

Abbasid Caliphate era (750–969)[edit]

Governors during the First Abbasid Period (750–868)[edit]

# Governor Start End Period Governor Title Fate
1 Salih ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 750 751 1 year Wali Became the wali of Palestine
2 Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid 751 753 2 years Wali Ran away after an epidemic
3 Salih ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 753 755 2 years Wali Unseated
4 Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid 755 758 3 years Wali Unseated
5 Musa ibn Ka'b al-Tamimi 758 759 1 year Wali Died
6 Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath al-Khuza'i 759 760 1 year Wali Unseated
7 Humayd ibn Qahtaba 760 762 2 years Wali Unseated
8 Yazid ibn Hatim al-Muhallabi 762 769 8 years Wali Unseated
9 Abdallah ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj al-Tujibi 769 772 4 years Wali -
10 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj al-Tujibi 772 772 8 months Wali Died
11 Musa ibn Ali ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi 772 778 6 years Wali -
12 Isa ibn Luqman 778 779 4 months Wali Unseated
13 Wadih 779 779 4 months Wali Unseated
14 Mansur ibn Yazid ibn Mansur 779 779 2 months Wali Unseated
15 Yahya ibn Sa'id al-Harashi 779 780 1 year Wali Unseated
16 Salim ibn Sawada al-Tamimi 780 781 1 year Wali Unseated
17 Ibrahim ibn Salih ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 781 784 3 years Wali Unseated
18 Musa ibn Mus'ab 784 785 1 year Wali Killed
19 Asama ibn Amr 785 785 2 months Wali Unseated
20 al-Fadl ibn Salih ibn Ali al-Abbasi 785 786 1 year Wali Unseated
21 Ali ibn Salman al-Abbasi 786 787 1 year Wali Unseated by the new Abbasid wali
22 Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi 787 789 2 years Wali Unseated
23 Maslama ibn Yahya al-Bajali 789 789 11 months Wali Unseated
24 Muhammad ibn Zuhayr al-Azdi 789 790 6 months Wali Unseated
25 Dawud ibn Yazid ibn Hatim al-Muhallabi 790 791 1 years Wali Unseated
26 Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi 791 792 1 years Wali Unseated
27 Ibrahim ibn Salih ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 792 792 Less than a year Wali Unseated
28 Abdullah Ibn Al-Maseeb Ibn Zohair Al-Dabii 792 793 1 year Wali Unseated
29 Ishaq ibn Sulayman 793 794 1 year Wali Unseated
30 Harthama ibn A'yan 794 795 1 year Wali Became the wali of Ifriqiya
31 Abd al-Malik ibn Salih 795 795 Less than a year Wali -
32 Abdallah ibn al-Masib al-Abbasi 795 795 10 months Wali Unseated
33 Abdallah ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbasi 795 795 Less than a year Wali Unseated
34 Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi 795 796 1 year Wali Unseated
35 Abdallah ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbasi 796 797 1 year Wali Unseated
36 Ismail ibn Salih al-Abbasi 797 798 1 year Wali Unseated
37 Ismail ibn Isa al-Abbasi 798 798 Less than a year Wali Unseated
38 al-Layth ibn al-Fadl 798 803 5 years Wali Unseated
39 Ahmad ibn Ismail ibn Ali ibn Abdallah al-Abbasi 803 805 2 years Wali Unseated
40 Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Abbasi 805 806 1 year Wali Unseated
41 al-Hussayn ibn Jamil 806 808 2 years Wali Unseated
42 Malik ibn Dalham al-Kalbi 808 808 9 Months Wali Unseated
43 al-Hasan ibn al-Takhtakh 809 809 11 Months Wali Unseated
44 Hatim ibn Harthama 810 811 1 year Wali Unseated
45 Gaber Ibn Al-Asha'ath Al-Ta'ey 811 812 2 years Wali Beaten off from Egypt
46 Abbad ibn Mohammed ibn Hayan 812 813 Less than a year Wali Unseated
47 Al-Muttalib ibn Abdallah al-Khuza'i 813 814 Less than a year Wali Unseated
48 al-Abbas ibn Musa ibn Isa al-Abbasi 814 814 Less than a year Wali -
49 Al-Muttalib ibn Abdallah al-Khuza'i 814 815 Less than a year Wali Beaten off from Egypt
50 Al-Sari ibn al-Hakam April 816 September 816 6 months Wali Soldiers revolted against him
51 Suliman Ibn Ghaleb Ibn Gabriel Al-Bagly September 816 March 817 5 months Wali Soldiers revolted against him
52 Al-Sari ibn al-Hakam March 817 November 820 3 years Wali -
53 Abu 'l-Nasr ibn al-Sari 820 822 2 years Wali -
54 Khalid ibn Yazid ibn Mazyad 822 822 Wali -
55 Ubayd Allah ibn al-Sari 822 826 3 years Wali Unseated by the new wali
56 Abdallah ibn Tahir al-Khurasani 826 827 17 months Wali Departed for Iraq
57 'Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi 827 829 2 years Deputy to Abdallah ibn Tahir Unseated
58 'Umayr ibn al-Walid 829 829 Less than a year Wali Appointed by Abu Ishaq, killed in an anti-taxation rebellion
60 'Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi 829 830 Less than a year Wali Unseated
61 'Abdawayh ibn Jabalah 830 831 Less than a year Wali Unseated
62 'Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i 831 832 Less than a year Wali Unseated
63 Kaydar Nasr ibn 'Abdallah 832 834 2 years Wali Died
64 Muzaffar ibn Kaydar 834 834 4 months Wali Unseated
65 Moussa Ibn Abu Al-Abbas 834 839 5 years Wali -
66 Malik ibn Kaydar 839 841 2 years Wali Unseated
67 Ali ibn Yahya al-Armani 841 843 2 years Wali Unseated
68 'Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i 843 847 4 years Wali Unseated
69 Harthamah ibn al-Nadr al-Jabali 847 849 1 year Wali Died
70 Hatim ibn Harthamah ibn al-Nadr 849 849 1 Month Wali Unseated
71 Ali ibn Yahya al-Armani 849 850 Less than a year Wali Unseated
72 Ishaq ibn Yahya ibn Mu'adh 850 851 Less than a year Wali Unseated
73 Khut 'Abd al-Wahid ibn Yahya 851 852 Less than a year Wali Unseated
74 'Anbasa ibn Ishaq al-Dabbi 852 856 4 years Wali Unseated
75 Yazid ibn 'Abdallah al-Hulwani 856 867 10 years Wali Unseated
76 Muzahim ibn Khaqan 867 868 Less than a year Wali Died
77 Ahmad ibn Muzahim ibn Khaqan 868 868 Less than a year Wali Died
78 Azjur al-Turki 868 868 Less than a year Wali Unseated

Emirs of the Tulunid Dynasty (868–905)[edit]

# Emir Start End Period Fate
1 Ahmad ibn Tulun 15 September 868 10 May 884 16 years Died
2 Khumarawayh 10 May 884 18 January 896 12 years Murdered
3 Abu 'l-Asakir Jaysh 18 January 896 November 896 9 months Unseated then died in jail
4 Harun November 896 30 December 904 8 years Murdered
5 Shayban 30 December 904 10 January 905 10 days Surrendered to the Abbasids

Governors during the Second Abbasid Period (905–935)[edit]

# Governor (Emir) Start End Period Fate
1 Isa al-Nushari 905 910 5 years Died
2 Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari 910 915 5 years Unseated
3 Dhuka al-Rumi 915 919 4 years Died
4 Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari (2nd time) 920 921 1 year Unseated
5 Abu'l-Hasan Hilal ibn Badr 921 923 2 years Unseated
6 Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh 923 924 7 months Unseated
7 Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari (3rd time) 924 933 9 years Died
8 Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh (2nd time) 933 935 1 year Unseated

Emirs of the Ikhshidid Dynasty (935–969)[edit]

# Governor (Emir) Start End Period Fate
1 Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid No picture available 935 946 11 years Died
2 Abu'l-Qasim Unujur ibn al-Ikhshid No picture available 946 961 15 years Died
3 Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Ikhshid No picture available 961 966 5 years Died
4 Abu al-Misk Kafur No picture available 966 968 2 years Died
5 Abu'l-Fawaris Ahmad ibn Ali No picture available 968 969 1 year Deposed by the Fatimid conquest

Fatimid Caliphate (969–1171)[edit]

# Governor Start End Title Fate
1 Jawhar al-Siqilli 969 973 Emir -
2 Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah 973 975 Caliph -
3 Al-Aziz Billah 975 997 Caliph -
4 Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah 997 1020 Caliph Disappeared
5 Ali az-Zahir 1020 1036 Caliph -
6 Al-Mustansir Billah 1036 1094 Caliph -
7 Al-Musta'li 1094 1102 Caliph -
8 Al-Amir bi-Ahkami'l-Lah 1102 1131 Caliph Killed
9 Al-Hafiz 1131 1150 Caliph -
10 Al-Zafir 1150 1154 Caliph Killed
11 Al-Fa'iz bi-Nasr Allah 1154 1160 Caliph -
12 Al-Adid li-Din Allah 1160 1171 Caliph Unseated by Saladin

Ayyubid Sultanate (1171–1252)[edit]

# Governor Start End Period Title Fate
1 Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub 1171 1193 22 years Sultan Died
2 Al-Aziz No picture available 1193 1198 5 years Sultan -
3 Al-Mansur No picture available 1198 1200 2 years Sultan -
4 Al-Adil I No picture available 1200 1218 18 years Sultan Died
5 Al-Kamil Al-Kamil Muhammad al-Malik and Frederick II Holy Roman Emperor.jpg 1218 1238 20 years Sultan Died
6 Al-Adil II No picture available 1238 1240 2 years Sultan -
7 As-Salih Ayyub No picture available 1240 1249 9 years Sultan Died
8 Turanshah No picture available 1249 1250 1 year Sultan Assassinated
* Shajar al-Durr No picture available 1250 1250 80 days Sultana Abdicated to Aybak
9 Al-Ashraf Musa No picture available 1250 1252 2 years Co-sultan with Aybak Dethroned / custody

* Shajar al-Durr widow of As-Salih Ayyub ruled as sultana after the assassination of Turanshah.

Mamluk Sultanate (1250–1517)[edit]

Bahri Mamluks (1250–1382)[edit]

# Governor Start End Title Fate Picture
1 Izz al-Din Aybak 1250 1257 Sultan Assassinated No image available
2 al-Mansur Nour al-Din Ali 1257 1259 Sultan Dethroned No image available
3 al-Muzafar Seif al-Din Qutuz 1259 1260 Sultan Assassinated No image available
4 al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari 1260 1277 Sultan Died
5 al-Said Nasir al-Din Barakah 1277 1279 Sultan Resigned No image available
6 al-Adel Badr al-Din Solamish 1279 1279 Sultan Dethroned No image available
7 al-Mansour Seif al-Din Qalawun 1279 1290 Sultan Died No image available
8 al-Ashraf Salah al-Din Khalil 1290 1293 Sultan Assassinated No image available
9 al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun (first reign) 1293 1294 Sultan Dethroned No image available
10 al-Adil Zein al-Din Katubgha 1294 1296 Sultan Escaped No image available
11 al-Mansour Hossam al-Din Lajin 1296 1299 Sultan Assassinated No image available
12 al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun (second reign) 1299 1309 Sultan Resigned No image available
13 al-Muzafar Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Jashnakir 1309 1309 Sultan Executed No image available
14 al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun (third reign) 1309 1340 Sultan Died No image available
15 al-Mansour Saif al-Din Abu Bakr 1340 1341 Sultan Dethroned No image available
16 al-Ashraf Ala'a al-Din Kujuk 1341 1342 Sultan Dethroned No image available
17 al-Nasir Shihab al-Din Ahmad 1342 1342 Sultan Dethroned No image available
18 al-Salih Imad al-Din Abu Ismail 1342 1345 Sultan Died No image available
19 al-Kamil Seif al-Din Shaban 1345 1346 Sultan Killed No image available
20 al-Muzafar Zein al-Din Hagi 1346 1347 Sultan Killed No image available
21 al-Nasir Badr al-Din Abu al-Ma'aly al-Hassan 1347 1351 Sultan Dethroned No image available
22 al-Salih Salah al-Din Ben Mohamed 1351 1354 Sultan Custody No image available
23 al-Nasir Badr al-Din Abu al-Ma'aly al-Hassan 1354 1361 Sultan Disappeared /prob. killed No image available
24 al-Mansur Salah al-Din Mohamed Ben Hagi 1361 1363 Sultan Dethroned for insanity No image available
25 Al-Ashraf Sha'ban 1363 1376 Sultan Executed No image available
26 al-Mansur Ala-ad-Din Ali Ibn al-Ashraf Shaban 1376 1381 Sultan Died in epidemic No image available
27 Al-Salih Hajji 1381 1382 Sultan Resigned No image available

Burji Mamluks (1382–1517)[edit]

# Name Start End Title Fate
1 Barquq 1382 1399 Sultan Died
2 Faraj bin Barquq 1st reign 1399 1405 Sultan Escaped
3 Abdul Aziz bin Barquq 1405 Sultan Died in custody
2 Faraj bin Barquq 2nd reign 1405 1412 Sultan Dethroned / Killed
4 Al-Adil Al-Musta'in Billah 1412 Abbasid Caliph Deposed
6 Tatar I 1412 1421 Sultan Died
7 al-Muzafar Abu al-Saadat Ahmad 1421 Sultan Dethroned
8 Tatar II Sultan Died
9 as-Salih Nasir-ad-Din Muhammad 1421 1422 Sultan Dethroned
10 Barsbay 1421 1438 Sultan Died
11 Jamal ad-Din Yusuf 1438 Sultan Dethroned
12 Jaqmaq 1438 1453 Sultan Dethroned
13 Fakhr-ad-Din Uthman 1453 Sultan Dethroned
14 Inal 1453 1460 Sultan Resigned due to illness and died
15 al-Mu'aid Shihab ud-Din Ahmed 1460 1461 Sultan Dethroned
16 Khushqadam 1461 1467 Sultan Died
17 Bilbay 1467 1467 Sultan Dethroned and died in custody
18 Timurbugha 1467 1468 Sultan Dethroned
19 al-Ashraf Qaitbay 1468 1496 Sultan Abdicated to his son
20 al-Nasir Abu al-Sa'adat Muhammad 1st reign 1496 1497 Sultan Deposed
21 Qansuh Khumsama'ah 1497 1498 Sultan Escaped and disappeared
20 al-Nasir Abu al-Sa'adat Muhammad 2nd reign 1496 1498 Sultan Assassinated
22 az-Zahir Qansuh al-Ashrafi 1498 1500 Sultan Abdicated
23 al-Ashraf Janbalat 1500 1501 Sultan Dethroned
24 Tuman bay I 1501 1501 Sultan Deposed and executed
25 Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri 1501 1516 Sultan Killed in Battle of Marj Dabiq
26 Tuman bay II 1516 1517 Sultan Executed by the Ottoman Sultan Selim I

See also[edit]