List of governors of pre-independence Sudan

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Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (orange), 1912.
Standard of the Governor-General of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

This is a list of Egyptian and European colonial administrators (as well as leaders of the Mahdist Sudan) responsible for the territory of the Egyptian Sudan and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, an area equivalent to modern-day Sudan and South Sudan.


(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
Egyptian Sudan
November 1820 to 1821 Isma`il Kamel Pasha, Commander
April 1821 to September 1824 Muhammad Bey Defterdar, Commander
"September 1824 to May 1825 Osman Bey Jarkas, Commander
"May 1825 to March 1826 Mahu Bey Urfali, Commander
March 1826 to 1835 Ali Khurshid Agha, Governor
1835 to June 1838 Ali Khurshid Pasha, Hakimdar Governor-General
June 1838 to 6 October 1843 Ahmad Pasha abu Widan, Hakimdar Governor-General
1843 to 1845 Ahmad Pasha Manikli (Manliki), Hakimdar Governor-General
1845 to 1850 Khalid Khusraw Pasha, Hakimdar Governor-General
1850 to January 1851 'Abd al-Latif Pasha, Hakimdar Governor-General
January 1851 to May 1852 Rustum Pasha Jarkas, Hakimdar Governor-General
May 1852 to 1853 Isma'il Haqqi Pasha abu Jabal, Hakimdar Governor-General
1853 to 1854 Salim Pasha Sa'ib al-Jaza'irli, Hakimdar Governor-General
July 1854 to November 1854 Ali Pasha Sirri al-Arna'ut, Hakimdar Governor-General
1854 to 1855 Ali Pasha Jarkas, Governor
1856 to 1858 Arakil Bey al-Armani, Governor
1859 to 1861 Hasan Bey Salama Jarkas, Governor
1861 to 1862 Muhammad Rasikh Bey, Governor
1862 to 1865 Musa Pasha Hamdi, Hakimdar Governor-General
1865 to November 1865 'Umar Bey Fakhri, acting Hakimdar acting Governor-General
November 1865 to 1866 Ja'afar Pasha Sadiq, Hakimdar Governor-General
1866 to 5 February 1871 Ja'afar Pasha Mazhar, Hakimdar Governor-General
5 February 1871 to October 1872 Ahmad Mumtaz Pasha, Hakimdar Governor-General
October 1872 to 1872 Edhem Pasha al-Arifi at-Atqalawi, acting Hakimdar acting Governor-General
1872 to 18 May 1877 Isma'il Pasha al- Aiyub, Hakimdar Governor-General
May 1877 to December 1879 Charles Gordon Pasha.jpg Charles George Gordon ("Gordon Pasha"), Hakimdar Governor-General, 1st time
December 1879 to February 1882 Muhammad Ra'uf Pasha, Hakimdar Governor-General
February 1882 to May 1882 Giegler Pasha, acting Hakimdar acting Governor-General
May 1882 to March 1883 'Abd al-Qadir Pasha Hilmi, Hakimdar Governor-General
March 1883 to 5 November 1883 'Ala al-Din Pasha Siddiq, Hakimdar Governor-General
February 1884 to 18 February 1884 Henry Watts Russell de Coetlogon, acting Hakimdar acting Governor-General
18 February 1884 to 26 January 1885 Charles Gordon Pasha.jpg Charles George Gordon ("Gordon Pasha"), Hakimdar Governor-General, 2nd time; Killed at the end of the Siege of Khartoum
26 January 1885 to 2 October 1898 Territory of Egyptian Sudan under complete control of Mahdiyah (Mahdist State)
Mahdist Sudan
29 June 1881 to 22 June 1885 Muhammad Ahmad.jpg Muhammad Ahmad, Mahdi Self-proclaimed Mahdi, Islamic Messiah
22 June 1885 to 2 September 1898 Abdallahi ibn Muhammad, Khalifa Self-proclaimed Caliph, successor to Muhammad Ahmad; Defeated in the Battle of Omdurman
British Military Administration
2 September 1898 to 19 January 1899 Horatio Herbert Kitchener.jpg Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Military Governor Simultaneously served as Sirdar
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (condominium)
19 January 1899 to 22 December 1899 Horatio Herbert Kitchener.jpg Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Governor-General
22 December 1899 to 31 December 1916 ReginaldWingate.jpg Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, Governor-General
1 January 1917 to 20 November 1924 Sir Lee Oliver Fitzmaurice Stack, Governor-General Assassinated in Cairo
21 November 1924 to 5 January 1925 Wasey Sterry, acting Governor-General
5 January 1925 to 6 July 1926 Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer, Governor-General
31 October 1926 to 10 January 1934 Sir John Loader Maffey, Governor-General
10 January 1934 to 19 October 1940 Sir George Stewart Symes.png Sir George Stewart Symes, Governor-General
19 October 1940 to 8 April 1947 Sir Hubert Jervoise Huddleston, Governor-General
8 April 1947 to 29 March 1954 Sir Robert George Howe, Governor-General
29 March 1954 to 12 December 1955 Knox Helm.jpg Sir Alexander Knox Helm, Governor-General
12 December 1955 to 1 January 1956 Muhammad Ahmad Abu Rannat, acting Governor-General
1 January 1956 Independence as Republic of the Sudan

For continuation after independence, see: List of heads of state of Sudan

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