List of ground effect vehicles

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The following is a list of WIG or 'wing-in-ground'-effect craft, also referred to as water-skimming wingships or, in Russia, 'ekranoplans'.

An A-90 Orlyonok, a Soviet-era ground-effect plane


  • Sea Eagle (WIG craft) - six-seater wing-in-ground effect craft


  • DXF100 (Tianyi-1) - 15 seater wing-in-ground effect craft, designed by China Academy of Science & Technology Development. In 2000, the model is for commercial sale in China. The first buyer of Tianyi-1 used the vehicle to carry tourists around Lake Tai.
  • Xiangzhou 1 - 7 passenger capacity wing-in-ground effect craft, 12.7 meters long, 11 meters wide and 3.9 meters tall with a maximum takeoff weight of 2.5 tons.


  • Pennec Navion: Designed and built by Serge Pennec at Geovas, near Brest in Brittany


  • TAF VIII-1 two-seater Tandem Airfoil Flairboat Typ Jörg 1, built in 1987. This WIG craft has experienced about 100.000 km and is still in use in private property.
  • TAF VIII-2, four-seater Tandem Airfoil Flairboat Typ Jörg II, built in 1983. Following the F&E and test period, Dipl. Ing. Günther Jörg was awarded with the "Phillip Morris Scientific Award" for the Transportation System for the future.
  • Another TAF VIII-2, built in 1994 was given to a Japanese private citizen.
  • TAF VIII-3, eight-seater Tandem Airfoil Flairboat Typ Jörg III, built in 1990.
  • TAF VIII-4 twelve-seater TAF, Typ Jörg IV built in 1986 for coastal protection reasons.


  • Bavar 2, a two-seater (allegedly) semi-stealth military GEV that entered active duty in 2010.



Ivolga EK-12

Civil WIG

  • Ivolga EK-12[5]

Military WIG

  • Beriev Be-1 - Experimental aircraft used in development of VVA-14
  • Bartini Beriev VVA-14 - Amphibious anti-submarine aircraft, only prototypes were produced
  • KM "Kaspian Monster" - largest GEV in the world
  • Lun-class ekranoplan - Lun Class Ekranoplan
  • A-90 Orlyonok - Orlyonok Ekranoplan
  • Beriev Be-2500 - Beriev Be- 2500 (Future Plane)
  • Aqualet - New 2011 Russian development of Ground Effect Vehicle
  • Chaika A-050< "A-050 Chaika-2". Retrieved April 5, 2021.


  • AF8-001 (Air Fish) - WidgetWorks is developing the AirFish 8,[6] previously known as Lippisch WIG, Flightship, or FS8.[7] The AirFish uses an air-cushion to raise the vehicle and travels at speeds up to 80 knots. Currently[timeframe?] still in prototype with one built and tested beginning in 2001.[8] Assets of the prior owner were liquidated at auction.[9]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Aron Flying Ship Ltd., M80/M50
  2. ^ Sungwoo Engineering Wing in the Ground Effect Ship
  3. ^ Wing Ship Technology Corp, WSH-500
  4. ^ Wing Ship Technology Corp, WSH-1500
  5. ^ Ivolga TrekIvolga Archive
  6. ^ "Introducing the Airfish 8". Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-04. Retrieved 2015-11-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ AirFish - 8. YouTube. November 8, 2008.
  9. ^ "Flightship assets go up for auction". February 2, 2004.

External links[edit]