List of ground effect vehicles

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The following is a list of WIG or ' wing-in-ground '-effect craft, also referred to as water-skimming Wingships or, in Russia, 'ekranoplans'.

An A-90 Orlyonok, a Soviet-era ground-effect plane


  • Sea Eagle (WIG craft) - six seater Wing in Ground Effect Craft



  • Pennec Navion: Designed and built by Serge Pennec at Geovas, near Brest in Brittany


  • TAF VIII-1 2 Seater Tandem Airfoil Flairboat Typ Jörg 1, built in 1987. This WIG Craft has experienced about 100.000 km and is still in use in private property.
  • TAF VIII-2, 4 seater Tandem Airfoil Flairboat Typ Jörg II, built in 1983. Following the F&E and test period, Dipl. Ing. Günther Jörg was awarded with the "Phillip Morris Scientific Award" for the Transportation System for the future.
  • Another TAF VIII-2, built in 1994 was given to a Japanese private citizen.
  • TAF VIII-3, 8 seater Tandem Airfoil Flairboat Typ Jörg III, built in 1990.
  • TAF VIII-4 12 seater TAF, Typ Jörg IV built in 1986 for coastal protection reasons.


  • Bavar 2, a 2-seater (allegedly) semi-stealth military GEV that entered active duty in 2010.



Ivolga EK-12

Civil WIG

  • Ivolga EK-12[5]

Military WIG


  • AF8-001 (Air Fish) - WigetWorks is developing the AirFish 8, previously known as Lippisch WIG, Flightship, or FS8.[7] The AirFish uses an air-cushion to raise the vehicle and travels at speeds up to 80 knots. Currently still in prototype with one built and tested beginning in 2001.[8] Assets of the prior owner were liquidated in 2008. (see Wing In Ground-effect vehicle for more information).

United States[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ C&S AMT Ltd. THE FLYING SHIP ARON7 Archived 2012-01-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Sungwoo Engineering Wing in the Ground Effect Ship
  3. ^ Wing Ship Technology Corp, WSH-500
  4. ^ Wing Ship Technology Corp, WSH-1500
  5. ^ Ivolga TrekIvolga Archive
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-04. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  8. ^

External links[edit]