List of gymnasts

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Gymnasts are people who participate in the sport of gymnastics.[1] This sport contains disciplines that include, but are not limited to:

This list is of those who are considered to be notable in their chosen discipline.

See gymnasium (ancient Greece) for the origin of the word gymnast from gymnastikos.

Artistic gymnasts[edit]

Rhythmic gymnasts[edit]

Female (rhythmic)[edit]

 Australia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Naazmi Johnston 28 November 1988 Naazmi Johnston
Janine Murray 10 March 1990 Janine Murray
Danielle Prince 12 June 1992 Danielle Prince
Kasumi Takahashi 6 May 1980 Kasumi Takahashi
 Austria
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Nicol Ruprecht 2 October 1992 Nicol Ruprecht
Caroline Weber 31 May 1986 Caroline Weber
 Azerbaijan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Marina Durunda 12 June 1997 Marina Durunda
Dinara Gimatova 18 November 1986 Dinara Gimatova
Anna Gurbanova 24 September 1986 Anna Gurbanova
Aliya Garayeva 1 January 1988 Aliya Garayeva
Zeynab Javadli 19 July 1991 Zeynab Javadli
Zhala Piriyeva 10 May 2000 Zhala Piriyeva
Lala Yusifova 16 October 1996 Lala Yusifova
 Belarus
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Hanna Bazhko 25 July 1998 Hanna Bazhko
Liubov Charkashyna 23 December 1987 Liubov Charkashyna
Arina Charopa 18 October 1995 Arina Charopa
Olga Gontar 11 January 1919 Olga Gontar
Katsiaryna Halkina 25 February 1997 Katsiaryna Halkina
Alina Harnasko 9 August 2001 Alina Harnasko
Maria Kadobina 4 February 1997 Maria Kadobina
Nataliya Leshchyk 25 July 1995 Nataliya Leshchyk
Marina Lobatch 26 June 1970 Marina Lobatch
Larissa Loukianenko 7 August 1973 Larissa Loukianenko
Aliaksandra Narkevich 22 December 1995 Aliaksandra Narkevich
Tatiana Ogrizko 28 May 1976 Tatiana Ogryzko
Evgenia Pavlina 20 July 1978 Evgenia Pavlina
Yulia Raskina 19 April 1982 Yulia Raskina
Melitina Staniouta 15 November 1993 Melitina Staniouta
Elena Tkachenko 31 July 1983 Elena Tkachenko
Mariya Trubach 15 November 1999 Mariya Trubach
Alina Tumilovich 21 April 1990 Alina Tumilovich
Inna Zhukova 6 September 1986 Inna Zhukova
 Brazil
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Angélica Kvieczynski 1 September 1991 Angélica Kvieczynski
Natália Gaudio 18 December 1992 Natalia Gaudio
 Bulgaria
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Boyanka Angelova 28 October 1994 Boyanka Angelova
Diliana Gueorguieva 18 February 1965 Diliana Georguieva
Adriana Dunavska 21 April 1970 Adriana Dunavska
Maria Gigova 21 April 1947 Maria Gigova
Kristina Guiourova 17 February 1959 Kristina Guiourova
Lilia Ignatova 17 May 1975 Lilia Ignatova
Lyubomira Kazanova 23 May 1996 Lyubomira Kazanova
Boryana Kaleyn 23 August 2000 Boryana Kaleyn
Reneta Kamberova 12 September 1990 Reneta Kamberova
Elizabeth Koleva 11 November 1972 Elizabeth Koleva
Mihaela Maevska 4 October 1990 Mihaela Maevska
Katerina Marinova 13 July 1999 Katerina Marinova
Mila Marinova 3 June 1975 Mila Marinova
Sylvia Miteva 24 June 1986 Sylvia Miteva
Tsvetelina Naydenova 28 April 1994 Tsvetelina Naydenova
Elizabeth Paisieva 12 December 1986 Elizabeth Paisieva
Bianka Panova 27 May 1970 Bianka Panova
Maria Petrova 13 November 1975 Maria Petrova
Simona Peycheva 14 May 1985 Simona Peycheva
Diana Popova 10 December 1976 Diana Popova
Anelia Ralenkova 25 January 1964 Anelia Ralenkova
Iliana Raeva 15 March 1963 Iliana Raeva
Neshka Robeva 25 May 1946 Neshka Robeva
Katrin Taseva 24 November 1997 Katrin Taseva
Hristiana Todorova 28 November 1994 Hristiana Todorova
Julia Trashlieva 3 February 1936 Julia Trashlieva
Neviana Vladinova 23 February 1994 Neviana Vladinova
 Canada
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Patricia Bezzoubenko 21 February 1997 Patricia Bezzoubenko
Lori Fung 21 February 1963 Lori Fung
Maria Kitkarska 13 July 1995 Maria Kitkarska
Alexandra Orlando 19 January 1987 Alexandra Orlando
Mary Sanders[note 1] 26 August 1985 Mary Sanders
 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Deng Senyue 15 February 1992 Deng Senyue
Shang Rong 12 February 2000 Shang Rong
Sun Dan 4 September 1986 Sun Dan
Zhong Ling 30 October 1983 Ling Zhong
Zhang Shuo 5 January 1984 Zhang Shuo
Zhao Yating 12 May 2001 Zhao Yating
 Cyprus
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Chrystalleni Trikomiti 30 November 1993 Chrystalleni Trikomiti
 Czech Republic
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Hana Machatová-Bogušovská 31 July 1938 Hana Machatová-Bogušovská
Dominika Červenková 18 April 1988 Dominika Cervenkova
Dominika Cervenkova[note 2]
Monika Mickova 29 July 1991 Monika Míčková
Hana Mičechová 25 January 1946 Hana Mičechova-Sitnianská
 Finland
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Jouki Tikkanen 5 July 1995 Jouki Tikkanen
Ekaterina Volkova 2 July 1997 Ekaterina Volkova
 France
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Nathalie Fauquette 23 March 1987 Nathalie Fauquette
Delphine Ledoux 15 May 1985 Delphine Ledoux
Kseniya Moustafaeva 8 June 1995 Kseniya Moustafaeva
Eva Serrano 22 April 1978 Eva Serrano
 Georgia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Irina Gabashvili 15 August 1960 - 23 March 2009 Irina Gabashvili
Salome Pazhava 3 September 1997 Salome Pazhava
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Jana Berezko-Marggrander 17 October 1995 Jana Berezko-Marggrander
Magdalena Brzeska 14 May 1978 Magdalena Brzeska
Lisa Ingildeeva 4 December 1988 Lisa Ingildeeva
Laura Jung 25 June 1995 Laura Jung
Ute Lehmann Ute Lehmann
Edita Schaufler 11 July 1980 Edita Schaufler
Carmen Rischer 16 May 1956 Carmen Rischer
Christiana Rosenberg 1958 Christiana Rosenberg
Regina Weber 12 April 1963 Regina Weber
 Greece
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Eleni Andriola 9 November 1986 Eleni Andriola
Eleni Kelaiditi 1 April 2000 Eleni Kelaiditi
Varvara Filiou 29 December 1994 Varvara Filiou
 Israel
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Linoy Ashram 13 May 1999 Linoy Ashram
Olena Dvornichenko 3 November 1990 Olena Dvornichenko
Victoria Veinberg Filanovsky 23 February 1995 Victoria Veinberg Filanovsky
Katia Pisetsky 26 February 1986 Katia Pisetsky
Irina Risenzon 14 January 1988 Irina Risenzon
Neta Rivkin 19 June 1991 Neta Rivkin
Maria Savenkov 2 August 1988 Maria Savenkov
Rahel Vigdozchik 1 May 1989 Rahel Vigdozchik
Veronika Vitenberg 9 September 1988 Veronika Vitenberg
Polina Zakaluzny 21 February 1992 Polina Zakaluzny
Nicol Zelikman 30 January 2001 Nicol Zelikman
 Italy
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Alexandra Agiurgiuculese 15 January 2001 Alexandra Agiurgiuculese
Milena Baldassarri 16 October 2001 Milena Baldassarri
Veronica Bertolini 19 October 1995 Veronica Bertolini
Elisa Blanchi 13 October 1987 Elisa Blanchi
Julieta Cantaluppi 24 January 1985 Julieta Cantaluppi
Romina Laurito 4 April 1987 Romina Laurito
Alessia Maurelli 22 August 1996 Alessia Maurelli
Marta Pagnini 21 January 1991 Marta Pagnini
Elisa Santoni 10 December 1987 Elisa Santoni
Anzhelika Savrayuk 23 August 1989 Anzhelika Savrayuk
Andreea Stefanescu 13 December 1993 Andreea Stefanescu
 Japan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Kaho Minagawa 20 August 1997 Kaho Minagawa
Airi Hatakeyama 16 August 1994 Airi Hatakeyama
Sakura Hayakawa 17 March 1997 Sakura Hayakawa
Sumire Kita 11 January 2001 Sumire Kita
Mao Kunii 5 April 1996 Mao Kunii
Rie Matsubara 21 October 1993 Rie Matsubara
Sayuri Sugimoto 25 January 1996 Sayuri Sugimoto
Kiko Yokota 11 May 1997 Kiko Yokota
 Kazakhstan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Anna Alyabyeva 13 November 1993 Anna Alyabyeva
Aliya Assymova 16 December 1997 Aliya Assymova
Sabina Ashirbayeva 5 November 1998 Sabina Ashirbayeva
Aliya Yussupova 15 April 1984 Aliya Yussupova
 Mexico
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Cynthia Valdez 11 December 1987 Cynthia Valdez
 Poland
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Joanna Mitrosz 21 August 1988 Joanna Mitrosz
Aleksandra Szutenberg 15 October 1988 Aleksandra Szutenberg
 Romania
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Irina Deleanu 12 November 1975 Irina Deleanu
Ana Luiza Filiorianu 10 July 1999 Ana Luiza Filiorianu
Alexandra Piscupescu 10 June 1994 Alexandra Piscupescu
Doina Stăiculescu 27 January 1967 Doina Stăiculescu
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Margarita Aliychuk 10 August 1990 Margarita Aliychuk
Daria Anenkova 2 April 1999 Daria Anenkova
Irina Annenkova 22 February 1999 Irina Annenkova
Arina Averina 13 August 1998 Arina Averina
Dina Averina 13 August 1998 Dina Averina
Yulia Barsukova 31 December 1978 Yulia Barsukova
Yanina Batyrchina 7 October 1979 Yanina Batyrchina
Galina Beloglazova 10 June 1967 Galina Beloglazova
Olga Belova 22 January 1983 Olga Belova
Vera Biryukova 11 April 1998 Vera Biryukova
Anastasia Bliznyuk 28 June 1994 Anastasia Bliznyuk
Diana Borisova 21 March 1997 Diana Borisova
Iuliia Bravikova 17 July 1999 Iuliia Bravikova
Irina Devina 8 May 1959 Irina Devina
Daria Dmitrieva 22 June 1993 Daria Dmitrieva
Uliana Donskova 24 August 1992 Uliana Donskova
Tatiana Druchinina 18 April 1969 Tatiana Druchinina
Daria Dubova 29 January 1999 Daria Dubova
Ksenia Dudkina 25 February 1995 Ksenia Dudkina
Alina Ermolova 27 February 2001 Alina Ermolova
Anna Gavrilenko 10 July 1990 Anna Gavrilenko
Zarina Gizikova 20 June 1985 Zarina Gizikova
Tatiana Gorbunova 23 January 1990 Tatiana Gorbunova
Olga Ilina 3 January 1995 Olga Ilina
Victoria Ilina 28 March 1999 Victoria Ilina
Alina Kabaeva 12 May 1983 Alina Kabaeva
Evgenia Kanaeva 2 April 1990 Evgenia Kanaeva
Olga Kapranova 6 December 1987 Olga Kapranova
Elena Karpuchina 21 March 1951 Elena Karpuchina
Daria Kondakova 30 July 1991 Daria Kondakova
Oxana Kostina 15 April 1973 - 11 February 1993 Oxana Kostina
Lala Kramarenko 6 December 2004 Lala Kramarenko
Yana Kudryavtseva 30 September 1997 Yana Kudryavtseva
Natalia Lavrova 4 August 1984 – 23 April 2010 Natalia Lavrova
Natalia Lipkovskaya 24 April 1979 Natalia Lipkovskaya
Yana Lukonina 26 September 1993 Yana Lukonina
Margarita Mamun 1 November 1995 Margarita Mamun
Alina Makarenko 14 January 1995 Alina Makarenko
Anastasia Maksimova 27 June 1991 Anastasia Maksimova
Alexandra Merkulova 25 November 1995 Alexandra Merkulova
Anastasia Nazarenko 17 January 1993 Anastasia Nazarenko
Natalia Pichuzhkina 3 June 1991 Natalia Pichuzhkina
Yelena Posevina 13 February 1986 Yelena Posevina
Julia Rosliakova 5 January 1975 Julia Rosliakova
Natalia Safonova 17 July 1999 Natalia Safonova
Ekaterina Selezneva 18 May 1995 Ekaterina Selezneva
Maria Sergeeva 7 February 2001 Maria Sergeeva
Vera Sessina 23 February 1986 Vera Sessina
Karolina Sevastyanova 25 April 1995 Karolina Sevastyanova
Daria Shkurikhina 3 October 1990 Daria Shkurikhina
Polina Shmatko 26 March 2003 Polina Shmatko
Galima Shugurova 8 November 1953[citation needed] Galima Shugurova
Sofya Skomorokh 18 August 1999 Sofya Skomorokh
Aleksandra Soldatova 1 June 1998 Aleksandra Soldatova
Daria Svatkovskaya 4 December 1996 Daria Svatkovskaya
Anastasiia Tatareva 19 July 1997 Anastasiia Tatareva
Irina Tchachina 24 April 1982 Irina Tchachina
Maria Titova 19 August 1997 Maria Titova
Maria Tolkacheva 8 August 1997 Maria Tolkacheva
Laysan Utiasheva 28 June 1985 Laysan Utiasheva
Amina Zaripova 10 August 1976 Amina Zaripova
 South Africa
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Grace Legote 2 May 1992 Grace Legote
 Slovenia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Monija Cebasek 11 April 1997 Monija Cebasek
Aja Jerman 20 August 1999 Aja Jerman Bukavec
Sara Kragulj 26 October 1996 Sara Kragulj
Spela Kratochwill 27 January 1998 Spela Kratochwill
Aleksandra Podgoršek 22 July 2001 Aleksandra Podgoršek
Tjaša Šeme 18 November 1986 Tjasa Seme
Ekaterina Vedeneeva 23 June 1994 Ekaterina Vedneeva
 South Korea
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Shin Soo-ji 8 January 1991 Shin Soo-ji
Son Yeon-jae 28 May 1994 Son Yeon-jae
 Soviet Union
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Galina Beloglazova 10 June 1967 Galina Beloglazova
Irina Deriugina 11 January 1958 Irina Deriugina
Irina Devina 8 May 1959 Irina Devina
Tatiana Druchinina 18 April 1969 Tatiana Druchinina
Irina Gabashvili 15 August 1960 Irina Gabashvili
Elena Karpuchina 21 March 1951 Elena Karpuchina
Oxana Kostina 15 April 1973 Oxana Kostina
Anna Kotchneva 25 January 1970 Anna Kotchneva
Dalia Kutkaitė 11 February 1965 Dalia Kutkaite
Tatiana Kravtchenko 13 June 1936 Tatiana Kravtchenko
Marina Lobatch 26 June 1970 Marina Lobatch
Alfia Nazmutdinova 29 April 1949 Alfia Nazmutdinova
Ludmila Savinkova 1 January 1936 Ludmila Savinkova
Galima Shugurova 8 November 1953[citation needed] Galima Shugurova
Oxana Skaldina[note 3] 24 October 1972 Oxana Skaldina
Olexandra Timoshenko[note 4] 18 February 1972 Olexandra Timoshenko
Elena Tomas 11 January 1961 Elena Tomas
 Spain
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Carmen Acedo 5 January 1975[note 5] Carmen Acedo
Sandra Aguilar 9 August 1992 Sandra Aguilar
Marta Baldó 8 April 1979[note 6] Marta Baldó
Nuria Cabanillas 9 August 1980[note 7] Nuria Cabanillas
Almudena Cid 15 June 1980 Almudena Cid
Artemi Gavezou 19 June 1994 Artemi Gavezou
Estela Giménez 29 March 1979[note 8] Estela Giménez
Lorena Guréndez 7 May 1981[note 9] Lorena Guréndez
Tania Lamarca 30 April 1980[note 10] Tania Lamarca
Elena López 4 October 1994 Elena López
Estíbaliz Martínez 9 May 1980[note 11] Estíbaliz Martínez
Lourdes Mohedano 17 June 1995 Lourdes Mohedano
Carolina Pascual 17 June 1976[citation needed] Carolina Pascual
Alejandra Quereda 24 July 1992 Alejandra Quereda
Carolina Rodríguez 24 May 1986 Carolina Rodríguez
 Ukraine
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Anna Bessonova 29 July 1984 Anna Bessonova
Irina Deriugina 11 January 1958 Irina Deriugina
Olena Diachenko 15 June 2001 Olena Diachenko
Olena Dmytrash 1 December 1991 Olena Dmytrash
Natalia Godunko 5 December 1984 Natalia Godunko
Yevgeniya Gomon 25 March 1995 Yevgeniya Gomon
Oleksandra Gridasova 5 July 1995 Oleksandra Gridasova
Kateryna Lutsenko 18 September 1995 Kateryna Lutsenko
Alina Maksimenko 10 July 1991 Alina Maksimenko
Viktoria Mazur 15 October 1994 Viktoria Mazur
Anastasiia Mulmina 27 April 1997 Anastasiia Mulmina
Ludmila Savinkova 1 January 1936 Ludmila Savinkova
Oxana Skaldina[note 3] 24 October 1972 Oxana Skaldina
Ekaterina Serebrianskaya 25 October 1977 Ekaterina Serebrianskaya
Olexandra Timoshenko[note 4] 18 February 1972 Olexandra Timoshenko
Olena Vitrichenko 25 November 1976 Olena Vitrichenko
Ganna Rizatdinova 16 July 1993 Ganna Rizatdinova
Eleonora Romanova 17 August 1998 Eleonora Romanova
Tamara Yerofeeva 4 March 1982 Tamara Yerofeeva
 United Kingdom
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Laura Halford 25 February 1996 Laura Halford
Francesca Jones 9 November 1990 Francesca Jones
Stephani Sherlock 2 September 1996 Stephani Sherlock
 United States
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Jasmine Kerber 12 April 1996 Jasmine Kerber
Mary Sanders[note 1] 26 August 1985 Mary Sanders
Laura Zeng 14 October 1999 Laura Zeng
Julie Zetlin 30 June 1990 Julie Zetlin
 Uzbekistan
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Valeriya Davidova 15 December 1997 Valeriya Davidova
Elizaveta Nazarenkova 17 August 1995 Elizaveta Nazarenkova
Anastasiya Serdyukova 29 May 1997 Anastasiya Serdyukova
Djamila Rakhmatova 19 September 1990 Djamila Rakhmatova
Ulyana Trofimova 28 February 1990 Ulyana Trofimova
 Yugoslavia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Milena Reljin 25 May 1967 Milena Reljin

Trampoline gymnasts[edit]

Female (trampoline)[edit]

 Canada
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Karen Cockburn 2 October 1980 Karen Cockburn
Rosie MacLennan 28 August 1989 Rosie MacLennan
 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
He Wenna 19 January 1989 He Wenna
Huang Shanshan 18 January 1986 Huang Shanshan
Li Dan 19 September 1988 Li Dan
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Anna Dogonadze 15 February 1973 Anna Dogonadze
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Irina Karavayeva 18 May 1975 Irina Karavaeva

Male (trampoline)[edit]

 China
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Dong Dong 13 April 1989 Dong Dong
Lu Chunlong 8 April 1989 Lu Chunlong
 Germany
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Henrik Stehlik 29 December 1980 Henrik Stehlik
 Russia
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Alexander Moskalenko 4 November 1969 Alexander Moskalenko
Dmitry Ushakov 15 August 1988 Dmitry Ushakov
 Ukraine
Gymnast Dates FIG listing
Yuri Nikitin 15 July 1978 Yuri Nikitin

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mary Sanders holds dual US and Canadian nationality started her career representing Canada and then represented the USA
  2. ^ Dominika Cervenkova has two FIG records with differing levels of detail, but identical personal data
  3. ^ a b Oxana Skaldina has represented the Ukraine and the USSR
  4. ^ a b Olexandra Timoshenko has represented the Ukraine and the USSR
  5. ^ "100 Greatest Rhythmic Gymnast - Carmem Acedo of Spain". Nicole Mezheritsky. Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  6. ^ "Marta Baldó". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  7. ^ "Nuria Cabanillas". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  8. ^ "Estela Giménez". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  9. ^ "Lorena Guréndez". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  10. ^ "Tania Lamarca". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
  11. ^ "Estíbaliz Martínez". SR/Olympic Sports. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 9 August 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of gymnastics disciplines". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Acrobatic". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Practised by both men and women, Acrobatic Gymnastics (ACRO) is among the oldest known disciplines since already practiced at the ancient Egyptian period, as evidenced by certain frescos. But its name comes from the Greek acrobateo, meaning to rise or go forth.
  3. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Aerobic". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 2009-03-23. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Aerobic has not only been a great form of physical training for the general public since the end of the 1980's, but also a top-level competitive sport. Aerobic Gymnastics presents dynamic moves, strength, flexibility, co-ordination and musicality in a routine, lasting up to 1 minute 50 seconds (1’30 for all categories from 2013).
  4. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About MAG". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About WAG". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012. The competition program of women's artistic gymnastics includes the vaulting table, the uneven bars, the beam, and the floor.
  6. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Rhythmic". Archived from the original on 18 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Women only compete in Rhythmic Gymnastics, although in Japan and some other countries, men also practice the sport.
  7. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : About Trampoline". Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Archived from the original on 2012-11-11. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Trampoline, an Olympic discipline, symbolizes freedom, flying and space. Multiple somersaults and twists are performed at a height of 8 meters and require precise technique and perfect body control. The Trampoline is also used as a basic training device for all sports that contain acrobatic elements

External links[edit]