List of hawthorn species with black fruit

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Most species of Crataegus (hawthorn) have red fruit, some have yellow fruit, and a number of species can have black or purple fruit.

Eurasian species[edit]

North American species[edit]

  • C. ambigens, series Silvicolae, eastern, fruit "greenish-yellow becoming dark purplish-red"[1]
  • C. angulata, series Pruinosae, eastern, fruit "light yellowish green becoming dark purplish-red"[1]
  • C. aquacervensis, western, fruit are deep red to purple
  • C. atrovirens, western
  • C. brachyacantha, native to the southern U.S.
  • C. castlegarensis, western
  • C. cupressocollina, western
  • C. douglasii, Northern and Western
  • C. enderbyensis, western
  • C. erythropoda, western
  • C. okanaganensis, western
  • C. okennonii, western
  • C. orbicularis, western
  • C. phippsii, western
  • C. purpurella, western
  • C. radina, series Silvicolae, eastern, fruit "yellow-green to dark purplish-red"[1]
  • C. rivularis, western
  • C. rivuloadamensis, western
  • C. saligna, western
  • C. shuswapensis, western
  • C. suksdorfii, western

The Kutenai called black hawthorn berries kasha (Ktunaxa: kaǂa).[2]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Palmer, E.J. (1925). Synopsis of North American Crataegi. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. 6(1-2): 5–128. [1]
  2. ^ "FirstVoices- Ktunaxa. Plants: food plants: words.". Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  • Christensen, K.I. 1992. Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. Systematic Botany Monographs 35: 1–199.
  • Phipps, J.B., O’Kennon, R.J., and Lance, R.W. 2003. Hawthorns and medlars. Royal Horticultural Society, Cambridge, U.K.
  • Phipps, J.B.; O’Kennon, R.J. (1998). Three new species of Crataegus (Rosaceae) from Western North America: C. okennonii, C. okanaganensis, and C. phippsii. Sida Contributions to Botany. 18(1): 169–191.
  • Phipps, J.B.; O’Kennon, R.J. (2002). New Taxa of Crataegus (Rosaceae) from the Northern Okanagan-Southwestern Shuswap diversity center. Sida Contributions to Botany. 20(1): 115–144.
  • Phipps, J.B.; O'Kennon, R.J. (2007). Hawthorns (Crataegus: Rosaceae) of the Cypress Hills, Alberta and Saskatchewan. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas. 1(2): 1031–1090.