List of heads of government of Libya

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Prime Minister of the State of Libya
رئيس الوزراء دولة ليبيا
Seal of the Government of National Unity (Libya).svg
Seal of the Government of National Unity
Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh (15-04-2021).jpg
Incumbent
Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh

since 15 March 2021
Government of National Unity
StyleMr. Prime Minister
His Excellency
StatusHead of government
Member ofCabinet of Libya
Reports toChairman of the Presidential Council
SeatTripoli, Libya
Formation29 March 1951; 70 years ago (1951-03-29)
First holderMahmud al-Muntasir
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
Websitepm.gov.ly

This article lists the heads of government of Libya since the country's independence in 1951.

Heads of government of Libya (1951–present)[edit]

Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Lifespan Term of office Political affiliation
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Mahmud al-Muntasir Mahmud al-Muntasir2.jpg 1903–1970 29 March 1951 19 February 1954 2 years, 327 days Independent
Prime Minister. First tenure in the office. Served in acting capacity until 24 December 1951.
2 Muhammad Sakizli Mohammed Sakizli.jpg 1892–1976 19 February 1954 12 April 1954 52 days Independent
Prime Minister.
3 Mustafa Ben Halim Mustafa Ben Halim (cropped).jpg 1921–2021 12 April 1954 26 May 1957 3 years, 44 days Independent
Prime Minister.
4 Abdul Majid Kubar Abdul Majid Kubar.JPG 1909–1988 26 May 1957 17 October 1960 3 years, 144 days Independent
Prime Minister.
5 Muhammad Osman Said Muhammad Osman Said2.jpg 1924–2007 17 October 1960 19 March 1963 2 years, 153 days Independent
Prime Minister.
6 Mohieddin Fikini Mohieddin Fekini.jpg 1925–1994 19 March 1963 20 January 1964 307 days Independent
Prime Minister.
(1) Mahmud al-Muntasir Mahmud al-Muntasir2.jpg 1903–1970 20 January 1964 20 March 1965 1 year, 59 days Independent
Prime Minister. Second tenure in the office.
7 Hussein Maziq Hussein Maziq2.jpg 1918–2006 20 March 1965 2 July 1967 2 years, 104 days Independent
Prime Minister.
8 Abdul Qadir al-Badri Abdul Qadir al-Badri.jpg 1921–2003 2 July 1967 25 October 1967 115 days Independent
Prime Minister.
9 Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush.JPG 1933–2007 25 October 1967 4 September 1968 315 days Independent
Prime Minister.
10 Wanis al-Qaddafi Wanis al-Qaddafi2.jpg 1922–1986 4 September 1968 31 August 1969 361 days Independent
Prime Minister. Deposed in the 1969 coup d'état.

Libya under Gaddafi (1969–2011)[edit]

Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)[edit]

11 Mahmud Suleiman Maghribi No image.svg 1935–2009 8 September 1969 16 January 1970 130 days Independent
Prime Minister.
12 Muammar Gaddafi Moamer el Gadafi (cropped).jpg 1942–2011 16 January 1970 16 July 1972 2 years, 182 days Military /
Arab Socialist Union
Prime Minister. Simultaneously served as the Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC).
13 Abdessalam Jalloud Abdessalam Jalloud.jpg born 1944 16 July 1972 2 March 1977 4 years, 229 days Military /
Arab Socialist Union
Prime Minister.

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)[edit]

14 Abdul Ati al-Obeidi Abdul Ati al-Obeidi (cropped).jpg born 1939 2 March 1977 2 March 1979 2 years Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the General People's Committee (GPCO). Afterwards served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 1979 to 1981.
15 Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi No image.svg born 1939 2 March 1979 16 February 1984 4 years, 351 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO. First tenure in the office.
16 Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab No image.svg born 1940 16 February 1984 3 March 1986 2 years, 15 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO. Previously served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 1981 to 1984. Afterwards served as Governor of the Central Bank of Libya, from 1987 to 1990 and in 2011.
(15) Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi No image.svg born 1939 3 March 1986 1 March 1987 363 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO. Second tenure in the office. Served at the time of the 1986 United States bombing (Operation El Dorado Canyon).
17 Umar Mustafa al-Muntasir No image.svg 1939–2001 1 March 1987[1] 7 October 1990 3 years, 220 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO.
18 Abuzed Omar Dorda No image.svg born 1944 7 October 1990 29 January 1994 3 years, 114 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO. Afterwards served as head of the Mukhabarat el-Jamahiriya (national intelligence service), from 2009 to 2011.[2][3]
19 Abdul Majid al-Qa′ud No image.svg born 1943 29 January 1994 29 December 1997 3 years, 334 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO.
20 Muhammad Ahmad al-Mangoush No image.svg born 1967 29 December 1997 1 March 2000 2 years, 63 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO.
21 Imbarek Shamekh No image.svg born 1952 1 March 2000 14 June 2003 3 years, 105 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO. Afterwards served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 2009 to 2010.
22 Shukri Ghanem Shukri Ghanem 2010.jpg 1942–2012 14 June 2003 5 March 2006[4] 2 years, 264 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO.
23 Baghdadi Mahmudi 2008-07-31 Багдади Махмуди.jpg born 1945 5 March 2006 23 August 2011 5 years, 171 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Secretary-General of the GPCO. Served at the time of the First Civil War and the concurrent foreign military intervention. Deposed during the Battle of Tripoli.

Transitional period (2011–present)[edit]

24 Mahmoud Jibril Mahmoud Jibril 2011 (cropped).jpg 1952–2020 5 March 2011 23 October 2011 232 days Independent
Prime Minister; served as Head of the Executive Team of the National Transitional Council (NTC) until 23 March 2011. In rebellion to 23 August 2011, based in Benghazi during this period.
Ali Tarhouni Ali Tarhouni cropped GNC.jpg born 1951 23 October 2011 24 November 2011 32 days Independent
Deputy Prime Minister, assumed office as caretaker.
Abdurrahim El-Keib El-Keib (cropped).jpg 1950–2020 24 November 2011 14 November 2012 356 days Independent
Acting Prime Minister.
25 Ali Zeidan Ali Zeidan at US State Department 2013.png born 1950 14 November 2012 11 March 2014 1 year, 117 days National Party for Development and Welfare
Prime Minister. Briefly kidnapped by armed militants during the 2013 coup d'état attempt. Survived the February 2014 coup d'état attempt.
Following the 2014 parliamentary election, the government was split between the newly-elected House of Representatives (HoR) and the outgoing General National Congress (GNC), resulting in the Second Civil War. The 2014 elections were declared invalid by the Supreme Court in November 2014.[5]
26 Abdullah al-Thani Abdullah al-Thani.jpg born 1954 11 March 2014 5 April 2016 2 years, 25 days Independent
Prime Minister. In rebellion, based in Tobruk from August 2014, then in Bayda. Internationally recognized until 12 March 2016. Served in acting capacity until 8 April 2014. Survived the May 2014 coup d'état attempt.
Ahmed Maiteeq Ahmed Maiteeq.jpg born 1972 25 May 2014 9 June 2014 15 days Independent
Prime Minister. Appointment declared invalid by the Supreme Court.
Omar al-Hassi No image.svg born 1949 6 September 2014 31 March 2015 206 days Independent
Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government (NSG). In rebellion, based in Tripoli.
Khalifa al-Ghawil No image.svg born 1964 31 March 2015 5 April 2016 1 year, 5 days Independent
Prime Minister of the NSG. Served in acting capacity until 1 December 2015. In rebellion, based in Tripoli.
Following the inauguration of the Presidential Council and the Government of National Accord (GNA), the government remain split between the HoR and the NSG, recreated after the 2016 coup d'état attempt. However, the High Council of State (HCS), based in Tripoli, recognized the GNA.
27 Fayez al-Sarraj Fayez al-Sarraj in Washington - 2017 (38751877521) (cropped).jpg born 1960 5 April 2016 15 March 2021 4 years, 306 days Independent
Prime Minister of the GNA, simultaneously served as the Chairman of the Presidential Council. Internationally recognized, based in Tripoli.
Khalifa al-Ghawil No image.svg born 1964 14 October 2016 16 March 2017 153 days Independent
Prime Minister of the recreated NSG. In rebellion, based in Tripoli.
Abdullah al-Thani Abdullah al-Thani.jpg born 1954 5 April 2016 15 March 2021 4 years, 344 days Independent
Prime Minister of the HoR. Based in opposition in Tobruk.
28 Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh (15-04-2021).jpg born 1958 15 March 2021 Incumbent 309 days Independent
Prime Minister of the Government of National Unity (GNU). Internationally recognized, based in Tripoli.

Timeline[edit]

Abdul Hamid DbeibehFayez al-SarrajKhalifa al-GhawilOmar al-HassiAhmed MaiteeqAbdullah al-ThaniAli ZeidanAbdurrahim El-KeibAli TarhouniMahmoud JibrilBaghdadi MahmudiShukri GhanemImbarek ShamekhMuhammad Ahmad al-MangoushAbdul Majid al-Qa′udAbuzed Omar DordaUmar Mustafa al-MuntasirMuhammad az-Zaruq RajabJadallah Azzuz at-TalhiAbdul Ati al-ObeidiAbdessalam JalloudMuammar GaddafiMahmud Suleiman MaghribiWanis al-QaddafiAbdul Hamid al-BakkoushAbdul Qadir al-BadriHussein MaziqMohieddin FikiniMuhammad Osman SaidAbdul Majid KubarMustafa Ben HalimMuhammad SakizliMahmud al-Muntasir

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World". LA Times. 3 March 1987. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Libyan ex-PM named new spy chief". IOL. Agence France-Presse. 12 April 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  3. ^ William Maclean (11 September 2011). "Exclusive: At bay, captured Libyan spy chief defiant". Reuters. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Libya's reforming premier sacked". BBC News. 6 March 2006. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Libya court 'invalidates' parliament". BBC News. 6 November 2014. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.

External links[edit]