List of heads of government of Libya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Flag of Libya.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya

Arab League Member State of the Arab League


Flag of Libya.svg Libya portal

This article lists the heads of government of Libya since the country's independence in 1951.

Heads of government of Libya (1951–present)[edit]

Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Lifespan Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Prime Ministers
1 Mahmud al-Muntasir Mahmud al-Muntasir2.jpg 1903–1970 29 March 1951 19 February 1954 2 years, 327 days Independent
First tenure in the office. Served as Acting Prime Minister until 24 December 1951.
2 Muhammad Sakizli Mohammed Sakizli.jpg 1892–1976 19 February 1954 12 April 1954 52 days Independent
3 Mustafa Ben Halim Mustafa Ben Halim.jpg 1921– 12 April 1954 26 May 1957 3 years, 44 days Independent
4 Abdul Majid Kubar Abdul Majid Kubar.JPG 1909–1988 26 May 1957 17 October 1960 3 years, 144 days Independent
5 Muhammad Osman Said Muhammad Osman Said2.jpg 1924–2007 17 October 1960 19 March 1963 2 years, 153 days Independent
6 Mohieddin Fikini Mohieddin Fekini.jpg 1925–1994 19 March 1963 20 January 1964 307 days Independent
(1) Mahmud al-Muntasir Mahmud al-Muntasir2.jpg 1903–1970 20 January 1964 20 March 1965 1 year, 59 days Independent
Second tenure in the office.
7 Hussein Maziq Hussein Maziq2.jpg 1918–2006 20 March 1965 2 July 1967 2 years, 104 days Independent
8 Abdul Qadir al-Badri Abdul Qadir al-Badri.jpg 1921–2003 2 July 1967 25 October 1967 115 days Independent
9 Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush.JPG 1933–2007 25 October 1967 4 September 1968 315 days Independent
10 Wanis al-Qaddafi Wanis al-Qaddafi2.jpg 1922–1986 4 September 1968 31 August 1969 361 days Independent
Deposed in the 1969 coup d'état.

Libya under Gaddafi (1969–2011)[edit]

Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)[edit]

Prime Ministers
11 Mahmud Suleiman Maghribi No image.svg 1935–2009 8 September 1969 16 January 1970 130 days Independent
12 Muammar Gaddafi Moamer el Gadafi (cropped).jpg 1942–2011 16 January 1970 16 July 1972 2 years, 182 days Military /
Arab Socialist Union
Simultaneously served as the Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council.
13 Abdessalam Jalloud Abdessalam Jalloud.jpg 1944– 16 July 1972 2 March 1977 4 years, 229 days Military /
Arab Socialist Union

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)[edit]

General Secretaries of the General People's Committee
14 Abdul Ati al-Obeidi Abdul Ati al-Obeidi (cropped).jpg 1939– 2 March 1977 2 March 1979 2 years, 0 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Afterwards served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 1979 to 1981.
15 Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi No image.svg 1939– 2 March 1979 16 February 1984 4 years, 351 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
First tenure in the office.
16 Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab No image.svg 1940– 16 February 1984 3 March 1986 2 years, 15 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Previously served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 1981 to 1984. Afterwards served as Governor of the Central Bank of Libya, from 1987 to 1990 and in 2011.
(15) Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi No image.svg 1939– 3 March 1986 1 March 1987 363 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Second tenure in the office. Served at the time of the 1986 United States bombing (Operation El Dorado Canyon).
17 Umar Mustafa al-Muntasir No image.svg 1939–2001 1 March 1987 7 October 1990 3 years, 220 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
18 Abuzed Omar Dorda No image.svg 1944– 7 October 1990 29 January 1994 3 years, 114 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Afterwards served as head of the Mukhabarat el-Jamahiriya (national intelligence service), from 2009 to 2011.
19 Abdul Majid al-Qa′ud No image.svg 1943– 29 January 1994 29 December 1997 3 years, 334 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
20 Muhammad Ahmad al-Mangoush No image.svg 1967– 29 December 1997 1 March 2000 2 years, 63 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
21 Imbarek Shamekh No image.svg 1952– 1 March 2000 14 June 2003 3 years, 105 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Afterwards served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 2009 to 2010.
22 Shukri Ghanem Shukri Ghanem 2010.jpg 1942–2012 14 June 2003 5 March 2006 2 years, 264 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
23 Baghdadi Mahmudi 2008-07-31 Багдади Махмуди.jpg 1945– 5 March 2006 23 August 2011 5 years, 171 days Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Served at the time of the 2011 Civil War and the concurrent foreign military intervention. Deposed during the Battle of Tripoli.

Transitional period (2011–present)[edit]

Head of the Executive Team of the National Transitional Council
Mahmoud Jibril Mahmoud Jibril - World Economic Forum Special Meeting on Economic Growth and Job Creation in the Arab World cropped GNC.png 1952–2020 5 March 2011 23 March 2011 18 days Independent
In rebellion, based in Benghazi.
Prime Ministers
Mahmoud Jibril
Acting Prime Minister
Mahmoud Jibril - World Economic Forum Special Meeting on Economic Growth and Job Creation in the Arab World cropped GNC.png 1952–2020 23 March 2011 23 October 2011 214 days Independent
In rebellion to 23 August 2011, based in Benghazi during this period.
Ali Tarhouni
Acting Prime Minister
Ali Tarhouni cropped GNC.jpg 1951– 23 October 2011 24 November 2011 32 days Independent
Deputy Prime Minister, assumed office as caretaker.
Abdurrahim El-Keib
Acting Prime Minister
El-Keib.jpg 1950–2020 24 November 2011 14 November 2012 356 days Independent
24 Ali Zeidan Ali Zeidan at US State Department 2013.png 1950– 14 November 2012 11 March 2014 1 year, 117 days National Party for Development and Welfare
Briefly kidnapped by armed militants during the 2013 coup d'état attempt. Survived the February 2014 coup d'état attempt.
Following the 2014 legislative election, the government was split between the newly-elected House of Representatives and the outgoing General National Congress, resulting in the ongoing civil war. The 2014 legislative election have been declared invalid by the Libyan Supreme Court in November 2014.
25 Abdullah al-Thani Abdullah al-Thani.jpg 1954– 11 March 2014 5 April 2016 2 years, 25 days Independent
In rebellion, based in Tobruk from August 2014, then in Beida. Internationally recognized until 12 March 2016. Acting Prime Minister until 8 April 2014. Survived the May 2014 coup d'état attempt.
Ahmed Maiteeq Ahmed Maiteeq.jpg 1972– 25 May 2014 9 June 2014 15 days Independent
Appointment declared invalid by the Libyan Supreme Court.
Omar al-Hassi No image.svg 1949– 6 September 2014 31 March 2015 206 days Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government.
Khalifa al-Ghawil No image.svg 1964– 31 March 2015 5 April 2016 1 year, 5 days Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government. Served as Acting Prime Minister until 1 December 2015.
Following the inauguration of the Presidential Council and the Government of National Accord, the government remain split between the House of Representatives and the National Salvation Government, recreated after the 2016 coup d'état attempt. However, the High Council of State, based in Tripoli recognizes the GNA.
26 Fayez al-Sarraj Fayez al-Sarraj in Washington - 2017 (38751877521) (cropped).jpg 1960– 5 April 2016 Incumbent 4 years, 237 days Independent
Internationally recognized, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord, simultaneously serving as the Chairman of the Presidential Council.
Khalifa al-Ghawil No image.svg 1964– 14 October 2016 16 March 2017 153 days Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the recreated National Salvation Government.
Abdullah al-Thani Abdullah al-Thani.jpg 1954– 5 April 2016 Incumbent 4 years, 237 days Independent
Based in opposition in Tobruk, Prime Minister of the House of Representatives.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]