List of heads of state of Albania

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Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

Albania has had many different types of heads of state, as well as many different types of government. The following is a list of heads of state of Albania, since the Albanian Declaration of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912.

The head of state of Albania is the President (Presidenti) of the Republic , elected by the members of the Parliament (Kuvëndi) every five years.

1912–present[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

1912–1914[edit]

Independent Albania
Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the National Assembly
1 Ismail Qemali Bej Ismail Qemalii.jpeg 1844–1919 28 November 1912 29 November 1912 Independent
Chairman of the Provisional Government
Ismail Qemali Bej Ismail Qemalii.jpeg 1844–1919 29 November 1912 22 January 1914 Independent
Chairman of the Central Government
2 Fejzi Bej Alizoti No image.svg 1876–1945 22 January 1914 7 March 1914 Independent

1914–1925[edit]

Principality of Albania
Name Birth–Death Reign start Reign end Dynasty
Prince of Albania
3 Vidi I, Skanderbeg II WilhelmPrinceAlbania.jpg 1876–1945 7 March 1914 3 September 1914 Wied-Neuwied
Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the Provisional Government
4 Essad Pasha Toptani Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg 1863–1920 5 October 1914 24 February 1916 Independent
No national government (24 February 1916 – 28 December 1918)
5 Turhan Pasha Përmeti Turhan Pasha.jpg 1846–1927 28 December 1918 28 January 1920 Independent
Chairman of the National Government
6 Sulejman Bej Delvina SulejmanDelvina.jpg 1884–1932 28 January 1920 30 January 1920 Independent
High Council of Regency 30 January 1920 31 January 1925
Fan S. Noli
Acting for High Council
Fan Stilian Noli.jpg 1882–1965 2 July 1924 24 December 1924 Albanian Liberal Party

1925–1928[edit]

Albanian Republic
President
7 Ahmet Zogu Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg 1895–1961 1 February 1925 1 September 1928 Albanian Conservative Party

1928–1939[edit]

Albanian Kingdom
Name Birth–Death Reign start Reign end Dynasty
King of the Albanians
(7) Zog I, Skanderbeg III Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg 1895–1961 1 September 1928 7 April 1939 Zogu

1939–1943[edit]

Italian Occupation
King of Albania
Xhafer Bej Ypi,
Regent
No image.svg 1880–1940 9 April 1939 12 April 1939
Shefqet Bej Vërlaci,
Regent
Shefqet Verlaci.jpg 1877–1946 12 April 1939 16 April 1939
8 Victor Emmanuel III
represented by: —
Vitorioemanuel.jpg 1869–1947 16 April 1939 8 September 1943 Savoy
Francesco Jacomoni
di San Savino
,
Lieutenant-General
No image.svg 1893–1973 22 April 1939 18 March 1943
Alberto Pariani,
Lieutenant-General
No image.svg 1876–1955 March 1943 6 September 1943

1943–1944[edit]

German Occupation
Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee
9 Ibrahim Bej Biçakçiu Ibrahim Bicakciu.jpg 1905–1972 14 September 1943 20 October 1943 Balli Kombëtar
Chairman of the High Council of Regency
10 Mehdi Bej Frashëri MehdiFrasheri.jpg 1872–1963 20 October 1943 28 November 1944 Balli Kombëtar

1944–1991[edit]

Communist Albania
Official names: Democratic Government of Albania (1944–1946), People's Republic of Albania (1946–1976), People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1976–1991)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Antifascist Council of National Liberation
11 Omer Nishani No image.svg 1887–1954 26 May 1944 12 January 1946 Communist Party of Albania
Chairman of the Presidium of the Constituent Assembly
Omer Nishani No image.svg 1887–1954 12 January 1946 16 March 1946 Communist Party of Albania
Chairmen of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
Omer Nishani No image.svg 1887–1954 16 March 1946 1 August 1953 Communist Party of Albania
(until 1948)
Party of Labour of Albania
12 Haxhi Lleshi No image.svg 1913–1998 1 August 1953 22 November 1982 Party of Labour of Albania
13 Ramiz Alia No image.svg 1925–2011 22 November 1982 30 April 1991 Party of Labour of Albania

1991–present[edit]

Republic of Albania
Presidents
(13) Ramiz Alia No image.svg 1925–2011 30 April 1991 3 April 1992 Party of Labour of Albania
(until 1991)
Socialist Party of Albania
Kastriot Islami
Acting President
No image.svg 1952– 3 April 1992 6 April 1992 Socialist Party of Albania
Pjetër Arbnori
Acting President
No image.svg 1935–2006 6 April 1992 9 April 1992 Democratic Party of Albania
14 Sali Berisha Sali Berisha, October 2008.jpg 1944– 9 April 1992 24 July 1997 Democratic Party of Albania
Skënder Gjinushi
Acting President
No image.svg 1949– 24 July 1997
(several hours)
Social Democratic Party of Albania
15 Rexhep Meidani Rexhep Meidani.jpg 1944– 24 July 1997 24 July 2002 Socialist Party of Albania
16 Alfred Moisiu AlfredMoisiu.png 1929– 24 July 2002 24 July 2007 Independent
17 Bamir Topi Bamir Topi 2.jpg 1957– 24 July 2007 24 July 2012 Democratic Party of Albania
18 Bujar Nishani Bujar Nishani at meeting with Michael Spindelegger.jpg 1966– 24 July 2012 Incumbent
(mandate expires 24 July 2017)
Democratic Party of Albania
19 Ilir Meta Ilir Meta, Foto.jpg 1969– 24 July 2017 Elect Socialist Movement for Integration

Standards[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]