List of heads of state of Algeria
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A total of five people have served as President of Algeria (not counting six interim heads of state). Additionally, two persons, Houari Boumediene and Liamine Zéroual, have served both as interim head of state and as President of Algeria.
The first head of state of independent Algeria was Abderrahmane Farès, with the title Chairman of the Provisional Executive who took office on 3 July 1962, the day on which Algeria was declared an independent country. He was succeeded by Ferhat Abbas, with the title President of the National Constituent Assembly, on 25 September 1962.
The first President of Algeria was Ahmed Ben Bella, who took office on 15 September 1963. Since then the office of President has been held by four further people: Houari Boumediene, Chadli Bendjedid, Liamine Zéroual, and current President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. In addition, six people acted as head of state when the office of President was vacant: Houari Boumediene as Chairman of the Revolutionary Council (19 June 1965 – 10 December 1976), Rabah Bitat as Interim President (27 December 1978 – 9 February 1979), Abdelmalek Benhabyles as Chairman of the Constitutional Council (11–14 January 1992), Mohamed Boudiaf (14 January – 29 June 1992) and Ali Kafi (2 July 1992 – 31 January 1994) as Chairman of the High Council of State and Liamine Zéroual as Head of State (31 January 1994 – 27 November 1995).
Current President Bouteflika took office on 27 April 1999, following the 1999 election.
- Political Parties
|Term of office||Political Party|
|•||3 July 1962||25 September 1962||National Liberation Front|
|•||25 September 1962||15 September 1963||National Liberation Front|
|1||Ahmed Ben Bella
أحمد بن بلّة
|1||15 September 1963||19 June 1965||National Liberation Front|
|•||19 June 1965||10 December 1976||Military /
National Liberation Front
|2||1||10 December 1976||27 December 1978|
|•||27 December 1978||9 February 1979||National Liberation Front|
شاذلي بن جديد
|1||9 February 1979||11 January 1992||National Liberation Front|
عبد المالك بن حبيلس
|•||11 January 1992||14 January 1992||National Liberation Front|
|•||14 January 1992||29 June 1992||Party of Socialist Revolution|
علي حسين كافي
|•||2 July 1992||31 January 1994||National Liberation Front|
|•||31 January 1994||27 November 1995||Military|
|4||1||27 November 1995||27 April 1999|
|National Rally for Democracy|
عبد العزيز بوتفليقة
|1||27 April 1999||Incumbent||National Liberation Front|
For details of the post of President of Algeria see: President of Algeria
- Lists of Incumbents