List of heads of state of Libya

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya

This is a list of heads of state of Libya since the country's independence in 1951.

Heads of State of Libya[edit]

Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969)[edit]

No. Name Birth–Death Reign start Reign end Dynasty
King of Libya
1 Idris I IdrisI3.jpg 1889–1983 24 December 1951 1 September 1969 Senussi
The first and only King of Libya. Deposed in the 1969 coup d'état.

Libya under Gaddafi (1969–2011)[edit]

Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)[edit]

No. Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Affiliation
Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council
2 Muammar Gaddafi Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg 1942–2011 1 September 1969 2 March 1977 Military /
Arab Socialist Union
Gaddafi dissolved the Revolutionary Command Council on 2 March 1977, after the General People's Congress adopted the Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People.

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)[edit]

Secretaries-General of the General People's Congress
(2) Muammar Gaddafi Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg 1942–2011 2 March 1977 2 March 1979 Military /
Islamic socialist
Gaddafi renounced all government functions on 2 March 1979. However, as leader of the revolution (officially "Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution"), he retained ultimate control over Libya until he was deposed and killed during the 2011 Civil War.
3 Abdul Ati al-Obeidi Abdul Ati al-Obeidi (cropped).jpg 1939– 2 March 1979 7 January 1981 Islamic socialist
Previously served as General Secretary of the General People's Committee (Prime Minister), from 1977 to 1979.
4 Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab No image.svg 1940– 7 January 1981 15 February 1984 Islamic socialist
Afterwards served as General Secretary of the General People's Committee (Prime Minister), from 1984 to 1986.
5 Mifta al-Usta Umar No image.svg 1935–2010 15 February 1984 7 October 1990 Islamic socialist
Served at the time of the 1986 United States bombing (Operation El Dorado Canyon).
6 Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa No image.svg 7 October 1990 18 November 1992 Islamic socialist
7 Muhammad az-Zanati Shikh azanati.JPG 18 November 1992 3 March 2008 Islamic socialist
8 Miftah Muhammed K'eba No image.svg 3 March 2008 5 March 2009 Islamic socialist
9 Imbarek Shamekh No image.svg 1952– 5 March 2009 26 January 2010 Islamic socialist
Previously served as General Secretary of the General People's Committee (Prime Minister), from 2000 to 2003.
10 Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai No image.svg 1952– 26 January 2010 23 August 2011 Islamic socialist
Deposed during the 2011 Civil War.

Transitional period (2011–present)[edit]

Chairman of the National Transitional Council
11 Mustafa Abdul Jalil Mustafa Abdul Jalil.jpg 1952– 5 March 2011 8 August 2012 Independent
In rebellion to 23 August 2011, based in Benghazi.
Presidents of the General National Congress
Mohammed Ali Salim
Acting President
No image.svg 1935– 8 August 2012 9 August 2012 Independent
Symbolic head of state for the handover of power from the NTC.
12 Mohammed Magariaf Megariaf cropped GNC.jpg 1940– 9 August 2012 28 May 2013 National Front Party
Resigned to comply with the Political Isolation Law passed by the GNC on 14 May 2013.
Giuma Ahmed Atigha
Acting President
Giuma Ahmed Atigha.JPG 1950– 28 May 2013 25 June 2013 Independent
13 Nouri Abusahmain Nouri Abusahmain cropped.jpg 25 June 2013 4 August 2014 Independent
Following the 2014 legislative elections, the government was split between the newly-elected House of Representatives and the 2014 General National Congress, composed of remnants of the outgoing General National Congress, resulting in the 2014–16 Civil War.
Presidents of the House of Representatives
Abu Bakr Baira
Acting President
Abubakr Mustafa Buera أبوبكر مصطفى بعيرة.jpg 4 August 2014 5 August 2014 Independent
Symbolic head of state for the handover of power from the GNC.
14 Aguila Saleh Issa No image.svg 1944– 5 August 2014 Incumbent Independent
Internationally recognized until 12 March 2016, based in Tobruk.
President of the 2014 General National Congress
Nouri Abusahmain Nouri Abusahmain cropped.jpg 4 August 2014 5 April 2016 Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli.
Chairman of the Presidential Council
15 Fayez al-Sarraj Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj.jpg 1960– 30 March 2016 Incumbent Independent
Internationally recognized, based in Tripoli. Simultaneously serving as Prime Minister.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]