List of heads of state of Mongolia

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State emblem of Mongolia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mongolia

The Constitution of Mongolia adopted in 1992 states that The President of Mongolia is the Head of State and embodiment of the unity of the Mongolian people.[1]

Mongolia declared its independence from the Qing dynasty in 1911, under the Bogd Khan (the 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu). From 1911 to 1924, the head of state of Mongolia was nominally the Bogd Khan. During 1924 to 1992, during the Mongolian People's Republic, the official title of the head of state underwent several changes, including Chairman of the State Great Khural, Chairmen of the Presidium of the State Little Khural, Chairmen of the Presidium of the State Great Khural, and finally, Chairmen of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural.

Heads of State of Mongolia (1924–present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia (1911–1924)[edit]

Name Birth–Death Reign start Reign end Religious title
Khagan of Mongolia
1 Bogd Khan Bogd Khan.jpg 1869–1924 29 December 1911 20 May 1924 The 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu
Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Acting Head of State
Balingiin Tserendorj Balingiin Tserendorj.jpg 1868–1928 20 May 1924 28 November 1924 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party

Mongolian People's Republic (1924–1992)[edit]

Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the State Great Khural
2 Navaandorjiin Jadambaa
Soyombo yellow.svg
1900–1939 28 November 1924 29 November 1924 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Chairmen of the Presidium of the State Little Khural
3 Peljidiin Genden Genden.jpg 1892–1937 29 November 1924 15 November 1927 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
4 Jamtsangiin Damdinsüren
Soyombo yellow.svg
1898–1938 16 November 1927 23 January 1929 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
5 Khorloogiin Choibalsan Kh. Choibalsan around 1925.jpg 1895–1952 24 January 1929 27 April 1930 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
6 Losolyn Laagan
Soyombo yellow.svg
1887–1940 27 April 1930 2 July 1932 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
7 Anandyn Amar Anandyn Amar.png 1886–1941 2 July 1932 22 March 1936 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
8 Dansranbilegiin Dogsom DansranbilegiinDogsom.jpg 1884–1941 22 March 1936 9 July 1939 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Vacant (9 July 1939 – 6 July 1940)
9 Gonchigiin Bumtsend GonchigiinBumtsend.jpg 1881–1953 6 July 1940 6 July 1951 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Chairmen of the Presidium of the State Great Khural
Gonchigiin Bumtsend GonchigiinBumtsend.jpg 1881–1953 6 July 1951 23 September 1953 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa
Acting Chairwoman
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa.jpg 1893–1963 23 September 1953 7 July 1954 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
10 Jamsrangiin Sambuu JamsrangiinSambuu.png 1895–1972 7 July 1954 7 July 1960 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Chairmen of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural
Jamsrangiin Sambuu JamsrangiinSambuu.png 1895–1972 7 July 1960 21 May 1972 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Tsagaanlamyn Dügersüren
Acting Chairman
Coat of Arms of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1960-1991).png 1914–1986 21 May 1972 29 June 1972 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Sonomyn Luvsan
Acting Chairman
Coat of Arms of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1960-1991).png 1914–1986 29 June 1972 11 June 1974 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
11 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal Tsedenbal BundesArchiv.jpg 1916–1991 11 June 1974 23 August 1984 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Nyamyn Jagvaral
Acting Chairman
Coat of Arms of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1960-1991).png 1919–1987 23 August 1984 12 December 1984 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
12 Jambyn Batmönkh Jambyn Batmonkh statue.jpg 1926–1997 12 December 1984 21 March 1990 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
13 Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat Ochirbat-Punsalmaa.jpg 1942– 21 March 1990 3 September 1990 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
President of the People's Republic
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat Ochirbat-Punsalmaa.jpg 1942– 3 September 1990 12 February 1992 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party

Mongolia (1992–present)[edit]

Presidents
(13) Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat Ochirbat-Punsalmaa.jpg 1942– 12 February 1992 20 June 1997 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
(until 1993)
Mongolian Social Democratic Party
14 Natsagiin Bagabandi Natsagiin Bagabandi (Cropped).png 1950– 20 June 1997 24 June 2005 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
15 Nambaryn Enkhbayar Nambaryn Enkhbayar 2005.jpg 1958– 24 June 2005 18 June 2009 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
16 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Tsakhiagiin Elbegdor.jpg 1963– 18 June 2009 Incumbent Democratic Party

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution of Mongolia