List of heads of state of the Gambia

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Constitution

This is a list of the heads of state of the Gambia, from the independence of the Gambia in 1965 to the present day.

From 1965 to 1970 the head of state under the Gambia Independence Act 1964 was the Queen of the Gambia, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in the Gambia by a Governor-General. The Gambia became a republic in 1970 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by an executive President.

Monarch (1965–1970)[edit]

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Monarch
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Reign Royal House Prime Minister
Reign start Reign end
1 Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–)
Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG 18 February 1965 24 April 1970 Windsor Jawara

Governor-General[edit]

The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in the Gambia and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of the Gambia without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-General
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime Minister
Took office Left office
1 Sir John Paul
(1916–2004)
No image.png 18 February 1965 9 February 1966 Elizabeth II Jawara
2 Sir Farimang Mamadi Singateh
(1912–1977)
No image.png 9 February 1966 24 April 1970 Elizabeth II Jawara

First Republic (1970–1994)[edit]

Under the 1970 Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of the Gambia, the President replaced the Monarch as executive head of state. The President was elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the Vice-President served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes Vice-President acting as President
President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Took office Left office
1 Sir Dawda Jawara
(1924–)
Dawda Jawara (1979).jpg 24 April 1970 22 July 1994
(deposed.)
1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992 People's Progressive Party

Military rule (1994–1996)[edit]

Colonel Yahya Jammeh led a coup d'état which overthrew President Jawara and his government, all political parties and Parliament were dissolved.

Head of State
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Military
Took office Left office
2 Colonel Yahya Jammeh
(1965–)
Yahya Jammeh.png 22 July 1994 18 October 1996 Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council

Second Republic (1996–present)[edit]

Under the current constitution of the Republic of the Gambia, the President is executive head of state. The President was elected by popular vote for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the Vice-President served as Acting President.

Status
  Denotes Vice-President acting as President
President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Took office Left office
(2) Yahya Jammeh
(1965–)
Yahya Jammeh.png 18 October 1996 January 2017 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction
3 Adama Barrow
(1965–)
No image.svg January 2017 Elect 2016 United Democratic Party

Standards[edit]

Living former heads of state[edit]

There are two living former The Gambian Heads of State:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Elizabeth II 1965–1970 Queen of the Gambia (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 90)
Dawda Jawara (1979).jpg Sir Dawda Jawara 1970–1994 President of the Gambia (1924-05-16) 16 May 1924 (age 92)

External links[edit]