List of heads of state of Uganda

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Coat of arms of Uganda.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uganda

This is a list of the heads of state of Uganda, from the independence of Uganda in 1962 to the present day.

From 1962 to 1963, the head of state under the Uganda Independence Act 1962 was the Queen of Uganda, Elizabeth II, who was also monarch of the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Uganda by a governor-general. Uganda became a republic under the Constitution of 1963, when the monarch and governor-general were replaced by an executive president.

Monarch (1962–1963)[edit]

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Monarch
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Reign Royal House Prime minister(s)
Reign start Reign end
1 Queen Elizabeth II
(1926–)
Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Portrait Herbert James Gunn.jpg 9 October 1962 9 October 1963 Windsor Obote

Governor-general[edit]

The governor-general was the representative of the monarch in Uganda and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The governor-general was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. The governor-general was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Uganda without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy, the chief justice served as officer administering the government.

Status
  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Governor-general
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 Walter Coutts
(1912–1988)
Sir Walter Coutts.jpg 9 October 1962 9 October 1963 Elizabeth II Obote

First Republic (1963–1971)[edit]

Under the 1963 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, the president replaced the monarch as ceremonial head of state. The president was elected by the Parliament for a 4-year term. In the event of a vacancy the prime minister served as acting president.

In 1966, the powers of the president were increased, with the establishment of the executive presidency, but the same rules applied concerning the vacancy of the president. It also applied to the 1967 and 1995 Constitutions.

Status[edit]

  Denotes Prime Minister acting as President
President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 Edward Mutesa
(1924–1969)
Mutesa II of Buganda.jpg 9 October 1963 2 March 1966
(deposed.)
Kabaka Yekka Obote
2 Milton Obote
(1925–2005)
Obote cropped.png 2 March 1966 15 April 1966 Uganda People's Congress Himself
15 April 1966 25 January 1971
(deposed.)
Position abolished

Military rule (1971–1979)[edit]

General Idi Amin led a 1971 coup d'état that overthrew President Obote and his government and installed Amin as president.

President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Military Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office
3 General Idi Amin
(1925–2003)
Idi Amin -Archives New Zealand AAWV 23583, KIRK1, 5(B), R23930288.jpg 25 January 1971 11 April 1979
(deposed.)
Ugandan Armed Forces Position abolished

Second Republic (1979–1985)[edit]

President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office
4 Yusuf Lule
(1912–1985)
No image.png 13 April 1979 20 June 1979
(deposed.)
Independent
(UNLF)
Position abolished
5 Godfrey Binaisa
(1920–2010)
No image.png 20 June 1979 12 May 1980
(deposed.)
Uganda People's Congress
(UNLF)
6 Paulo Muwanga
(1921–1991)
No image.png 12 May 1980 22 May 1980
(resigned.)
Uganda People's Congress
(UNLF)
Presidential Commission 22 May 1980 15 December 1980
(2) Milton Obote
(1925–2005)
Obote cropped.png 17 December 1980 27 July 1985
(deposed.)
1980 Uganda People's Congress Allimadi

Military rule (1985–1986)[edit]

General Bazilio Olara-Okello led a coup d'état that overthrew President Obote and his government. Following the coup, Okello proclaimed himself president.

President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Military Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office
7 General Bazilio Olara-Okello
(1929–1990)
No image.png 27 July 1985 29 July 1985
(resigned.)
Ugandan Armed Forces Position vacant
8 General Tito Okello
(1914–1996)
No image.png 29 July 1985 26 January 1986
(deposed.)
Ugandan Armed Forces Muwanga
Waligo

Third Republic (1986–present)[edit]

Under the constitution of Uganda, the president is the executive head of state. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy, the vice president served as acting president.[citation needed]

Status[edit]

  Denotes Vice President acting as President
President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation
(at time of appointment)
Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office
9 Yoweri Museveni
(1944–)
Yoweri Museveni September 2015.jpg 26 January 1986 Incumbent 1996
2001
2006
2011
2016
National Resistance Movement Kisekka
Adyebo
Musoke
Nsibambi
Mbabazi
Rugunda

References[edit]


External links[edit]