List of heads of state of Vietnam

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Emblem of Vietnam.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Vietnam

The following is a list of the heads of state of modern Vietnam, from the Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on 2 September 1945 to the present day.

North Vietnam[edit]

Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–76)[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Time in Office
President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
1 Ho Chi Minh 1946.jpg Hồ Chí Minh
(1890–1969)
2 September 1945 2 September 1969 23 years, 364 days Communist Party of Indochina
(until 1951)
Worker's Party of Vietnam
(from 1951)
Huynh Thuc Khang.jpg Huỳnh Thúc Kháng
(1876–1947)
31 May 1946 21 September 1946 113 days Independent
Tôn Đức Thắng.jpg Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
3 September 1969 22 September 1969 19 days Worker's Party of Vietnam
2 22 September 1969 2 July 1976 6 years, 284 days

South Vietnam[edit]

State of Vietnam (1949–55)[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Chief of the State
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Time in Office
Chief of the State of Vietnam
1 Bao Dai 1953.jpg Bảo Đại
(1913–1997)
13 June 1949 30 April 1955 5 years, 321 days Independent
Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
30 April 1955 26 October 1955 179 days Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party

Republic of Vietnam (1955–75)[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Elected Took Office Left Office Time in Office
President of the Republic of Vietnam
1 Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png Ngô Đình Diệm
(1901–1963)
1961 26 October 1955 2 November 1963 8 years, 7 days Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party
Chief of State of the Republic of Vietnam
2 Duong Van Minh (cropped).jpg Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
2 November 1963 16 August 1964 288 days Military
3 Nguyễn Khánh 1964.jpg Nguyễn Khánh
(1927–2013)
16 August 1964 27 August 1964 11 days Military
N/A Flag of the South Vietnamese Army.jpg Provisional Leadership Committee
(Minh, Khanh and Khiem)
27 August 1964 8 September 1964 12 days Military
(2) Duong Van Minh (cropped).jpg Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
8 September 1964 24 October 1964 46 days Military
4 No image.png Phan Khắc Sửu
(1893–1970)
24 October 1964 14 June 1965 233 days Independent
5 Nguyen Van Thieu 1967.jpg Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
(1923–2001)
14 June 1965 3 September 1967 2 years, 81 days Military
President of the Republic of Vietnam
(5) Nguyen Van Thieu 1967.jpg Nguyễn Văn Thiệu
(1923–2001)
1967
1971
3 September 1967 21 April 1975 7 years, 230 days Military
(until 1969)
(5) National Social Democratic Front
(from 1969)
6 No image.png Trần Văn Hương
(1902–1982)
21 April 1975 28 April 1975 7 days Independent
(2) Duong Van Minh (cropped).jpg Dương Văn Minh
(1916–2001)
28 April 1975 30 April 1975 2 days Military

Republic of South Vietnam (1969–76)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Time in Office
Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam
1 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
8 June 1969 2 July 1976 7 years, 24 days People's Revolutionary Party of Vietnam
(National Liberation Front)
(influenced by Worker's Party of Vietnam)

Reunified Vietnam[edit]

Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present)[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Time in Office
President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
(2) Tôn Đức Thắng.jpg Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
2 July 1976 30 March 1980 3 years, 272 days Communist Party of Vietnam
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
30 March 1980 4 July 1981 1 year, 96 days Communist Party of Vietnam
Chairman of the Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
3 TruongChinh1955.jpg Trường Chinh
(1907–1988)
4 July 1981 18 June 1987 5 years, 349 days Communist Party of Vietnam
4 No image.png Võ Chí Công
(1912–2011)
18 June 1987 22 September 1992 5 years, 96 days Communist Party of Vietnam
President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
5 Lê Đức Anh.jpg Lê Đức Anh
(1920–)
23 September 1992 23 September 1997 5 years, 0 days Communist Party of Vietnam
6 Tran Duc Luong, Nov 17, 2004.jpg Trần Đức Lương
(1937–)
24 September 1997 26 June 2006 8 years, 275 days Communist Party of Vietnam
7 Nguyen Minh Triet.jpg Nguyễn Minh Triết
(1942–)
27 June 2006 25 July 2011 5 years, 28 days Communist Party of Vietnam
8 Truong Tan Sang Nov 2015.png Trương Tấn Sang
(1949–)
25 July 2011 2 April 2016 4 years, 252 days Communist Party of Vietnam
9 TranDaiQuang2015.jpg Trần Đại Quang
(1956–2018)
2 April 2016 21 September 2018 2 years, 172 days Communist Party of Vietnam
Dang Thi Ngoc Thing (cropped).jpg Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
(1959–)
21 September 2018 23 October 2018 32 days Communist Party of Vietnam
10 Nguyễn Phú Trọng cropped.jpg Nguyễn Phú Trọng
(1944–)
23 October 2018 Incumbent 23 days Communist Party of Vietnam

Timeline[edit]

Nguyễn Phú TrọngĐặng Thị Ngọc ThịnhTrần Đại QuangTrương Tấn SangNguyễn Minh TriếtTrần Đức LươngLê Đức AnhVõ Chí CôngTrường ChinhNguyễn Hữu ThọTrần Văn HươngNguyễn Văn ThiệuPhan Khắc SửuTrần Thiện KhiêmNguyễn KhánhDương Văn MinhNgô Đình DiệmBảo ĐạiTôn Đức ThắngHuỳnh Thúc KhángHồ Chí Minh

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]