List of heads of state of the Republic of the Congo

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President of the
Republic of the Congo
Coat of arms of the Republic of the Congo.svg
Denis Sassou Nguesso 2014.png
Incumbent
Denis Sassou Nguesso

since 25 October 1997
Term length 7 years
Inaugural holder Fulbert Youlou
Formation 15 August 1960
Coat of arms of the Republic of the Congo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of the Congo
Foreign relations

This is a list of Presidents of the Republic of the Congo since the formation of the post of President of the Republic of the Congo in 1960, to the present day.

A total of six people have served as President of the Republic of the Congo (not counting two Acting Heads of State and a collective presidency). Additionally, one person, Denis Sassou Nguesso, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.

Presidents of the Republic of the Congo[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colour key
(for political parties)

Republic of the Congo[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Head of State
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
1 Fulbert Youlou 1963.jpg Fulbert Youlou
(1917–1972)
15 August 1960 15 August 1963
(Deposed)
3 years, 0 days Democratic Union for the Defence of African Interests
2 Alphonse Massamba-Debat.png Alphonse Massamba-Débat
(1921–1977)[1]
16 August 1963 4 September 1968
(Deposed)
5 years, 19 days National Movement of the Revolution
Alfred R. Aoul2.png Alfred Raoul
(1930–1999)
5 September 1968 1 January 1969 118 days Military
3 Marien Ngouabi Cropped.png Marien Ngouabi
(1938–1977)
1 January 1969 3 January 1970 1 year, 2 days Military /
Congolese Party of Labour

People's Republic of the Congo[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Head of State
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
(3) Marien Ngouabi Cropped.png Marien Ngouabi
(1938–1977)
3 January 1970 18 March 1977
(Assassinated)
7 years, 74 days Military /
Congolese Party of Labour
Military Committee of the Congolese Party of Labour 18 March 1977 3 April 1977 16 days Military /
Congolese Party of Labour
4 Noimage.png Joachim Yhombi-Opango
(1939–)
3 April 1977 5 February 1979
(Resigned)
1 year, 308 days Military /
Congolese Party of Labour
Noimage.png Jean-Pierre Thystère Tchicaya
(1936–2008)[2]
5 February 1979 8 February 1979 3 days Congolese Party of Labour
5 Denis Sassou Nguesso 1986 cropped.jpg Denis Sassou Nguesso
(1943–)
8 February 1979 15 March 1992 13 years, 36 days Military /
Congolese Party of Labour

Republic of the Congo[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
(5) Denis Sassou Nguesso 1986 cropped.jpg Denis Sassou Nguesso
(1943–)
15 March 1992 31 August 1992 169 days Military /
Congolese Party of Labour
6 Noimage.png Pascal Lissouba
(1931–)
31 August 1992 25 October 1997
(Deposed)
5 years, 55 days Pan-African Union for Social Democracy
(5) Denis Sassou Nguesso 2014.png Denis Sassou Nguesso
(1943–)
25 October 1997 Incumbent 17 years, 306 days Congolese Party of Labour

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Styled as Chairman of the National Council of the Revolution until 19 December 1963
  2. ^ Chairman of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Congolese Party of Labour

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 12 July 2009 Republic of the Congo presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Denis Sassou-Nguesso Congolese Labour PartyRally of the Presidential Majority 1,055,117 78.6
Joseph Kignoumbi Kia Mboungou Independent 100,181 7.5
Nicéphore Antoine Fylla de Saint-Eudes Liberal Republican Party 93,749 7.0
Mathias Dzon Alliance for the Republic and Democracy 30,861 2.3
Joseph Hondjuila Miokono Independent 27,060 2.0
Guy Romain Kinfoussia Independent 11,678 0.9
Jean François Tchibinda-Kouangou Independent 5,475 0.4
Anguios Nganguia-Engambé Independent 4,064 0.3
Ernest Bonaventure Mizidi Bavoueza Independent 3,594 0.3
Clément Mierassa Independent 3,305 0.3
Bertin Pandi-Ngouari Independent 2,749 0.2
Marion Michel Mandzimba Ehouango Independent 2,612 0.2
Jean Ebina Independent 1,797 0.1
Valid votes 1,342,242 97.2
Invalid votes 38,409 2.8
Total votes (turnout 66.4 %) 1,380,651 100.0
Source: Adam Carr's Election Archive

See also[edit]

External links[edit]