List of heirs apparent

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This is the list of the heirs apparent to the thrones of the world as of 16 October 2016.

List of heirs apparent[edit]

Country Image Heir apparent Relationship with the current monarch
 Antigua and Barbuda
 New Zealand
 Papua New Guinea
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Lucia
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Solomon Islands
 United Kingdom
Charles, Prince of Wales at COP21.jpg Charles, Prince of Wales [1]
48-11-14born (1948-11-14) 14 November 1948 (age 69)
Eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II
 Bahrain Prince Salman bin Hamad al Khalifa at the Pentagon May 10 2012.jpg Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
69-10-29born (1969-10-21) 21 October 1969 (age 48)
Eldest son of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
 Belgium Prinses Elisabeth van België.jpg Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant
60-04-15born (2001-10-25) 25 October 2001 (age 16)
Eldest child of King Philippe
 Bhutan Emblem of Bhutan.svg Crown Prince Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck
60-04-15born (2016-02-05)5 February 2016 (age &&&&&&&&&&&&06791 year 10 months)
Eldest son of King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
 Brunei Al-Muhtadee Billah.jpg Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah
74-02-17born (1974-02-17) 17 February 1974 (age 43)
Eldest son of Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
 Denmark Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark.jpg Crown Prince Frederik, Count of Monpezat
68-05-26born (1968-05-26) 26 May 1968 (age 49)
Elder child of Queen Margrethe II
 Japan Crown Prince Naruhito cropped 3 Crown Prince Naruhito and Prince William 20150227.jpg Crown Prince Naruhito
60-02-23born (1960-02-23) 23 February 1960 (age 57)
Elder son of Emperor Akihito
 Jordan Crown Prince Hussein.jpg Crown Prince Hussein bin Abdullah
94-06-28born (1994-06-28) 28 June 1994 (age 23)
Elder son of King Abdullah II
 Kuwait Coat of arms of Kuwait.svg Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
35-06-25born (1937-06-25) 25 June 1937 (age 80)
Half-brother of Emir Sabah IV
 Lesotho Coat of arms of Lesotho.svg Crown Prince Lerotholi Seeiso
07-04-18born (2007-04-18) 18 April 2007 (age 10)
Eldest son of King Letsie III
 Liechtenstein Hereditary Prince of Liechtenstein.jpg Hereditary Prince Alois, Count of Rietberg [2]
68-06-11born (1968-06-11) 11 June 1968 (age 49)
Eldest son of Prince Hans-Adam II
 Luxembourg Guillaume av Luxemburg.jpg Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume
81-11-11born (1981-11-11) 11 November 1981 (age 36)
Eldest child of Grand Duke Henri
 Monaco Coat of arms of Monaco.svg Hereditary Prince Jacques, Marquis of Baux
14-12-10born (2014-12-10) 10 December 2014 (age 3)
Only legitimate son of Prince Albert II
 Morocco Prince Moulay Hassan مولاي حسن.jpg Crown Prince Moulay Hassan
03-05-08born (2003-05-08) 8 May 2003 (age 14)
Eldest son of King Mohammed VI
 Netherlands Wassenaar, najaar 2014, de Prinses van Oranje.jpg Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange
03-12-07born (2003-12-07) 7 December 2003 (age 14)
Eldest child of King Willem-Alexander
 Norway Crown Prince Haakon of Norway 2012-03-26 001.jpg Crown Prince Haakon
73-06-20born (1973-07-20) 20 July 1973 (age 44)
Only son of King Harald V
 Saudi Arabia Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud - 2017.jpg Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud
45-09-15born (1985-08-31) 31 August 1985 (age 32)
Son of King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
 Sweden Crown Princess Victoria June 8, 2013 (cropped).jpg Crown Princess Victoria, Duchess of Västergötland
77-07-14born (1977-07-14) 14 July 1977 (age 40)
Eldest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf
 Tonga Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala at the festivities of his parents coronation.jpg Crown Prince Tupoutoʻa ʻUlukalala
85-09-17born (1985-09-17) 17 September 1985 (age 32)
Eldest son of King Tupou VI

In federal monarchies[edit]


State Image Style Current heir apparent Relationship with the current monarch
 Johor Darul Takzim Coat of arms of Johor.svg Tunku Mahkota Tunku Ismail Idris ibni Sultan Ibrahim Ismail Eldest son
 Kedah Darul Aman Coat of arms of Kedah.svg Raja Muda Tunku Sarafuddin Badlishah Eldest son
 Kelantan Darul Naim Coat of arms of Kelantan.svg Tengku Mahkota Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra Younger brother
 Pahang Darul Makmur Coat of arms of Pahang (Sultan).svg Tengku Mahkota Tengku Abdullah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah Eldest son
 Perak Darul Ridzuan Coat of arms of Perak.svg Raja Muda Raja Ja'afar ibni Raja Muda Musa Cousin
 Perlis Indera Kayangan Coat of arms of Perlis.svg Raja Muda Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra ibni Syed Sirajuddin Jamalullail Eldest son
 Selangor Darul Ehsan Coat of arms of Selangor.svg Raja Muda Tengku Amir Shah ibni Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Eldest son
 Terengganu Darul Iman Coat of arms of Terengganu.svg Yang di-Pertuan Muda Tengku Muhammad Ismail ibni Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Eldest son

The State of Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus does not have an heir apparent, as the ruler of Negeri Sembilan, known as the Yang di Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan is elected by a council of the four Undangs of Sungai Ujong, Jelebu, Johol, and Rembau.

The rules of succession in Perak Darul Ridzuan are more complicated than other Malay states. After a sovereign is appointed and installed he will appoint the Raja Muda (heir apparent) and Raja Di Hilir (heir presumptive) on advice of the Dewan Negara (Royal Council).[3] The reigning Sultan appoints princes of the blood (Waris negri) to certain high princely titles for life. They are arranged in a strict order of precedence indicating the order of succession to the throne. The relative precedence of these titles has altered from time to time, and additional titles have been included and removed. However, the current order, as confirmed on 25 February 1953, stands as follows:

  1. Duli Yang Teramat Mulia (Tuanku) Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam Negara Perak Dar ur-Ridzwan
  2. Duli Yang Amat Mulia Raja di-Hilir
  3. Yang Amat Mulia Raja Kechil Besar
  4. Yang Mulia Raja Kechil Sulong
  5. Yang Mulia Raja Kechil Tengah
  6. Yang Mulia Raja Kechil Bongsu.

On the death or promotion of an existing titleholder, the holder of the next most senior title, succeeds. On the death of a reigning Sultan, the prince holding the title of Raja Muda, the senior prince in the hierarchy succeeds him. The prince enjoying the title of Raja di-Hilir, becomes the new Raja Muda. The Raja Kechil Besar, becomes Raja di-Hilir, and so on. The new Sultan may then appoint his own nominee to the junior-most title made vacant by these successions.[4]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Emirate Image Heir apparent Relationship with the current monarch
 Abu Dhabi General Mohammed bin Zayed.jpg Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan Half brother
 Ajman Eau ajman-escut.png Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi
 Dubai H.H. Sheikh Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum in Summit on the Global Agenda.jpg Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Second son
 Fujairah Emblem of the United Arab Emirates.svg Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Eldest son
 Ras al-Khaimah Ae rak-escudo.png Sheikh Muhammed bin Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi[5]
 Sharjah Coat of arms of Sharjah.svg Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed bin Sultan Al Qasimi[6]
 Umm al-Quwain Ae uaq-escudo.png Sheikh Rashid bin Saud bin Rashid Al Mualla

Current sovereign monarchs without an heir apparent[edit]

Country Current monarch Reason for no heir apparent Current heir presumptive Relationship
 Andorra Co-prince Joan Enric Vives Sicília Successor must be appointed by the Pope. None
Co-prince Emmanuel Macron Successor must be elected by the French citizens.
 Cambodia King Norodom Sihamoni New monarch will be elected. None
 Malaysia King Muhammad V of Kelantan New monarch will be elected. None
 Oman Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Sultan has no children. Heir was appointed. Successor's name a state secret
 Qatar Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Successor must be elected. Deputy Emir Abdullah bin Hamad Al Thani Brother
 Samoa O le Ao o le Malo Va'aletoa Sualauvi II New monarch will be elected. None
 Spain King Felipe VI The King has no sons. Leonor, Princess of Asturias Elder daughter
 Swaziland King Mswati III Successor must be elected. None
 Thailand King Rama X The King has several children, but no claim for succession. Dipangkorn Rasmijoti Legitimate son
  Vatican City Pope Francis Successor must be elected. None


  1. ^ Prince Charles was also heir to the following thrones before they became republics: Ceylon, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Guyana, Kenya, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Union of South Africa, Tanganyika, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uganda
  2. ^ Alois is the current regent of Liechtenstein.
  3. ^ Netty Royal
  4. ^ Royal Ark
  5. ^ Rak
  6. ^ Sharjah Tourism