List of herbivorous animals

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This is a list of herbivorous animals. Herbivores are animals that eat plants. Herbivory is a form of consumption in which a heterotrophic organism consumes other organisms, principally autotrophs[1][page needed] such as plants, algae and photosynthesizing bacteria. More generally, organisms that feed on autotrophs in general are known as 1st level consumers.

Mammals[edit]

Mammals (formally Mammalia) are a class of vertebrate, air-breathing animals whose females are characterized by the possession of mammary glands while both males and females are characterized by hair and/or fur, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in the brain. Herbivorous mammals include:

Bovines[edit]

Camelids[edit]

Giraffes[edit]

Diprotodontia[edit]

Equines[edit]

Lagomorpha[edit]

Other[edit]

Rodents[edit]

Sirenians[edit]

Reptiles[edit]

Squamata (lizards, snakes, and worm lizards)[edit]

Testudines (turtles, terrapins and tortoises)[edit]

Dinosaurs[edit]

Birds[edit]

Birds (class: Aves) are winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrate animals. There are around 10,000 living species, making them the most varied of tetrapod vertebrates. Some birds are herbivorous, and some are not.

Amphibians[edit]

Some extant Lissamphibians display semi-herbivorous habits:

Fish[edit]

  • Herbivorous fish play a key role in maintaining healthy ecosystems, especially in tropical reefs, where they promote a balance between corals and macroalgae. Herbivorous fish include Acanthurus lineatus or lined surgeonfish (also known as blue banded surgeonfish, blue-lined surgeonfish, clown surgeonfish, pyjama tang, striped surgeonfish, and zebra surgeonfish), Acanthurus nigrofuscus known as the Lavender tang, Brown Tang, or Spot-Cheeked Surgeonfish, and Zebrasoma scopas known as the brown tang, twotone tang, scopas tang or brush-tail tang.[5]
  • The unicornfishes (Nasinae) genus is primarily herbivorous.
  • Most of the nearly 100 species of the parrotfish family are herbivores.[6][7]

Invertebrates[edit]

Insects[edit]

Other invertebrates[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Campbell, N. A. (1996) Biology (4th edition) Benjamin Cummings, New York ISBN 0-8053-1957-3
  2. ^ Nie, Yonggang; Zhang, Zejun; Raubenheimer, David; Elser, James J; Wei, Wei; Wei, Fuwen (2015). "Obligate herbivory in an ancestrally carnivorous lineage: The giant panda and bamboo from the perspective of nutritional geometry". Functional Ecology. 29: 26–34. doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12302.
  3. ^ Discovering Dinosaurs. Curriculum Corporation, 2003 ISBN 1876973064. 2001. ISBN 9781876973063. Retrieved 2010-08-08. templatestyles stripmarker in |publisher= at position 30 (help)
  4. ^ Hill, R. L., Mendelson, J. R. & Stabile, J. L. 2015. Direct observation and review of herbivory in Sirenidae (Amphibia: Caudata). Southeastern Naturalist 14, N5-N9.
  5. ^ Herbivory in Fish
  6. ^ Lieske, E., and Myers, R. (1999). Coral Reef Fishes. 2nd edition. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-00481-1
  7. ^ What Marine Animals are Herbivores?