List of herbivorous animals

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Types of herbivorous feeding strategies
Feeding strategy Diet
Algivores Algae
Frugivores Fruit
Folivores Leaves
Nectarivores Nectar
Granivores Seeds
Palynivores Pollen
Mucivores Plant fluids, i.e. sap
Xylophages Wood

Herbivores are animals that eat plants. Herbivory is a form of consumption in which a heterotrophic organism consumes other organisms, principally autotrophs[1][page needed] such as plants, algae and photosynthesizing bacteria. More generally, organisms that feed on autotrophs in general are known as 1st level consumers.

Invertebrates[edit]

Insects[edit]

Other invertebrates[edit]

Fish[edit]

  • Herbivorous fish play a key role in maintaining healthy ecosystems, especially in tropical reefs, where they promote a balance between corals and macroalgae. Herbivorous fish include Acanthurus lineatus or lined surgeonfish (also known as blue-banded surgeonfish, blue-lined surgeonfish, clown surgeonfish, pajama tang, striped surgeonfish, and zebra surgeonfish), Acanthurus nigrofuscus known as the lavender tang, brown tang, or spot-cheeked surgeonfish, and Zebrasoma scopas known as the brown tang, two-tone tang, scopas tang or brush-tail tang.[2]
  • The unicornfishes (Nasinae) genus is primarily herbivorous.
  • Most of the nearly 100 species of the parrotfish family are herbivores.[3][4]

Amphibians[edit]

Some extant lissamphibians display semi-herbivorous habits:

Reptiles[edit]

Dinosaurs[edit]

Birds[edit]

Birds (class: Aves) are winged, bipedal, endothermic (warm-blooded), egg-laying, vertebrate animals. There are around 10,000 living species, making them the most varied of tetrapod vertebrates. Some birds are herbivorous, and some are not.

Mammals[edit]

Mammals (formally Mammalia) are a class of vertebrate, air-breathing animals whose females are characterized by the possession of mammary glands while both males and females are characterized by hair and/or fur, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in the brain. Herbivorous mammals include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Campbell, N. A. (1996) Biology (4th edition) Benjamin Cummings, New York ISBN 0-8053-1957-3
  2. ^ Herbivory in Fish
  3. ^ Lieske, E., and Myers, R. (1999). Coral Reef Fishes. 2nd edition. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-00481-1
  4. ^ What Marine Animals are Herbivores?
  5. ^ Hill, R. L., Mendelson, J. R. & Stabile, J. L. 2015. Direct observation and review of herbivory in Sirenidae (Amphibia: Caudata). Southeastern Naturalist 14, N5-N9.
  6. ^ Discovering Dinosaurs. Curriculum Corporation. 2001. ISBN 9781876973063. Retrieved 2010-08-08.