List of high-speed railway lines in China

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Railway network map with conventional lines upgraded or built to accommodate CRH shown in orange, 160–250 km/h (99–155 mph), secondary high-speed lines in green, 200–299 km/h (124–186 mph), and blue, above 300 km/h (190 mph).
Beijing South railway station
Projected HSR network in China by 2020 and travel time by rail from Beijing to provincial capitals.

China's high-speed railway network is by far the longest in the world. As of Dec 2018, it extends to 29 of the country's 33 provincial-level administrative divisions and exceeds 29,000 km (18,000 mi) in total length, accounting for about two-thirds of the world's high-speed rail tracks in commercial service.[1][2][3][4] Over the past decade, China’s high-speed rail network grew rapidly according to ambitious railway plans issued by the State. The "Mid- to Long-Term Railway Network Plan" ("Railway Network Plan") approved by the State Council in 2004 called for 12,000 km (7,456 mi) of passenger-dedicated HSR lines running train at speeds of at least 200 km/h (124 mph) by 2020.[5] The 2008 Revisions to the Railway Network Plan increased the year 2020 passenger-dedicated HSR network target length to 16,000 km (9,942 mi) and removed the 200 km/h speed standard to allow new lines to be built to standards that can accommodate faster trains.[6]

Overview[edit]

In 2008, the Ministry of Railways announced plans to build 25,000 km (16,000 mi) of high-speed railways with trains reaching normal speeds of 350 km/h.[7][8] China invested $50 billion on its high-speed rail system in 2009 and the total construction cost of the high-speed rail system is $300 billion.[7] The main operator of regular high-speed train services is China Railway High-Speed (CRH).

China's conventional high-speed railway network is made up of four components:

  1. a national grid of mostly passenger dedicated HSR lines (PDLs),
  2. other regional HSRs connecting major cities,
  3. certain regional "intercity" HSR lines, and
  4. other newly built or upgraded conventional rail lines, mostly in western China, that can carry high-speed passenger and freight trains.

National High Speed Rail Grid[edit]

"Four Vertical and Four Horizontal" network[edit]

Map showing the 4+4 national HSR grid

The centerpiece of the MOR's expansion into high-speed rail is a national high-speed rail grid that is overlaid onto the existing railway network. The 2004 Railway Network Plan called for four lines running north-south (verticals) and four lines running east-west (horizontals) by the year 2020 that would connect population centers in economically developed regions of the country.[5] The 2008 Revisions to the Railway Network Plan extended the length of the Beijing-Shenzhen HSR to Hong Kong and the Shanghai-Changsha HSR to Kunming.[6] Each line in the 4+4 national HSR grid is over 1,400 km in length, except the Qingdao-Taiyuan Line which is 873 km in length. Apart from the Hangzhou–Shenzhen HSR (Ningbo-Shenzhen section) and Shanghai–Chengdu HSR (Nanjing-Chengdu section), which were the first railways to connect those cities and carry both passenger and freight, the other six lines are all passenger-dedicated lines. With the exception of the Yichang-Chengdu section of the Shanghai-Chengdu HSR with speed limits of 200 km/h (120 mph), all other lines in the 4+4 national grid were built to accommodate trains at speeds of 250–350 km/h (160–220 mph).

With the completion of the Beijing–Shenyang high-speed railway, this backbone network was fully completed in January 2021.

  Completed lines   Partially completed lines.

Four North-South HSR corridors and constituent lines[edit]

Beijing–Harbin High-Speed Railway - 350 km/h - 1,700 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Beijing-Harbin Line.png
Beijing–Harbin
(Jingha HSR)
HSR Corridor of Northeast China 350 1700 2007-08-23 2021-01-22
Beijing–Shenyang
(Jingshen High-Speed Railway)
HSR from Beijing to Shenyang via Chengde, Fuxin and Liaoning Chaoyang 350 684 2014-02-28[9] 2018-12-29 (Chengde South–Shenyang section)
2021-01-22 (Beijing Chaoyang–Chengde South section)
Harbin–Dalian
(Hada HSR)
HSR from Harbin to Dalian via Shenyang & Changchun 350 904 2007-08-23 2012-12-01[10]
Panjin–Yingkou
(Panying HSR)
Connects Yingkou on Harbin–Dalian HSR with Panjin on Qinhuangdao-Shenyang HSR 350 89 2009-05-31 2013-09-12[11]
Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway - 350 km/h - 1,433 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Beijing-Shanghai Line.png
Beijing–Shanghai
(Jinghu HSR)
HSR Corridor of East China 350 1433 2008-01-08 2012-10-16
Beijing–Shanghai
(Jinghu HSR)
HSR from Beijing to Shanghai via Tianjin, Jinan, Xuzhou, Bengbu and Nanjing 350 1302 2008-04-18 2011-06-30[12]
Hefei–Bengbu
(Hebeng HSR)
Spur off Jinghu HSR from Bengbu to Hefei 350 131 2008-01-08 2012-10-16[13]
Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway - 350 km/h - 2,229 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Beijing-Hong Kong Line.png
Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong
(Jingguangshengang HSR)
HSR Corridor connecting North with South Central China 350 2229 2005-09-01 2018-09-23
Beijing–Shijiazhuang
(Jingshi HSR)
HSR from Beijing to Shijiazhuang 350 281 2008-10-08 2012-12-26[14]
Shijiazhuang–Wuhan
(Shiwu HSR)
HSR from Shijiazhuang to Zhengzhou 350 838 2008-10-15 2012-12-26[14]
HSR from Zhengzhou to Wuhan 2012-09-28[15]
Wuhan–Guangzhou
(Wuguang HSR)
HSR from Wuhan to Guangzhou via Changsha 350 968 2005-09-01 2009-12-26
2010-01-30[16]
Guangzhou–Shenzhen
(Guangshengang XRL)
Mainland section of the Express Rail Link. HSR from Guangzhou to Shenzhen North Railway Station. 350 116 2008-08-20 2011-12-26[17]
Mainland section of the Express Rail Link. HSR from Shenzhen North to the border of Hong Kong. 2015-12-30[18]
Shenzhen–Hong Kong
(Guangshengang XRL)
Hong Kong section of the Express Rail Link. HSR from the border of Shenzhen to Hong Kong. 200 26 2010 2018-09-23[19][20]
Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway - 350–250 km/h - 1,495 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Shanghai-Shenzhen Line.png
Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen
(Hangfushen PDL)
PDL from Hangzhou to Shenzhen, with plans for a rail bridge across the Hangzhou Bay by 2020.[21] 250-
350
1450 2005-08-01 2013-12-28
Hangzhou–Ningbo
(Hangyong PDL)
HSR from Hangzhou to Ningbo 350 152 2009-04 2013-07-01[22]
Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou
(Yongtaiwen PFL)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR line along the coast of Zhejiang Province from Ningbo to Wenzhou via Taizhou. 250 268 2005-10-27 2009-09-28
Wenzhou–Fuzhou
(Wenfu PFL)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR line from Wenzhou to Fuzhou. 250 298 2005-01-08 2009-09-28
Fuzhou–Xiamen
(Fuxia PFL)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR line along the coast of Fujian Province from Fuzhou to Xiamen via Putian & Quanzhou. 250 275 2005-10-01 2010-04-26
Xiamen–Shenzhen
(Xiashen PFL)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR line along the coast of Fujian and Guangdong from Xiamen to Shenzhen via Zhangzhou, Shantou & Huizhou. 250 502 2007-11-23 2013-12-28[23]

Four East-West HSR corridors and constituent lines[edit]

Qingdao–Taiyuan High-Speed Railway - 250 km/h - 873 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Qingdao-Taiyuan Line.png
Qingdao–Taiyuan
(Qingtai PDL)
PDL of North China consisting of three segments connecting Taiyuan, Shijiazhuang, Jinan and Qingdao. 250-
350
817 2005-06-01 2018-12-26
Qingdao–Jinan Passenger Railway
(Jiaoji PDL)
PDL connecting Qingdao and Jinan 250 364 2007-01-28 2008-12-20
Jinan–Shijiazhuang
(Shijiazhuang–Jinan High-Speed Railway)
PDL connecting Shijiazhuang & Jinan via Dezhou 250 319 2014-03-16[24] 2017-12-28
Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan
(Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan High-Speed Railway)
PDL connecting Shijiazhuang & Taiyuan. 250 190 2005-06-11 2009-04-01
Xuzhou–Lanzhou High-Speed Railway - 350 km/h - 1,363 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Xuzhou-Lanzhou Line.png
Xuzhou–Lanzhou
(Xulan High-Speed Railway)
HSR Corridor across the Yellow River Valley of central China, consisting of four segments connecting Xuzhou, Zhengzhou, Xian, Baoji and Lanzhou. 350 1363 2005-06-01 2017-07-09
Xuzhou–Zhengzhou
(Zhengzhou–Xuzhou High-Speed Railway)
HSR connecting Xuzhou & Zhengzhou 350 357 2012-12-26[25] 2016-09-10
Zhengzhou–Xi'an
(Zhengzhou–Xi'an High-Speed Railway)
HSR connecting Zhengzhou & Xian 350 455 2005-09-01 2010-02-06
Xi'an–Baoji
(Xi'an–Baoji High-Speed Railway)
HSR connecting Xi'an & Baoji 350 148 2009-11-22 2013-12-28[26]
Baoji–Lanzhou
(Baoji–Lanzhou High-Speed Railway)
HSR connecting Baoji & Lanzhou 350 403 2012-10[27][28][29] 2017-07-09
Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu High-Speed Railway - 350–200 km/h - 2,078 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Shanghai-Chengdu Line.png
Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu
(Huhanrong PDL)
PDL through the Yangtze Valley, consisting of the Shanghai-Nanjing section of the Beijing–Shanghai HSR, and 7 mixed-use HSR segments connecting Nanjing, Hefei, Wuhan, Yichang, Lichuan, Chongqing, Suining & Chengdu. 350-
200
2078 2003-12-01 2014-7-1
Shanghai–Nanjing
shares track with Shanghai-Nanjing section of Beijing-Shanghai HSR 350 301 2008-07-01 2010-07-01
Nanjing–Hefei
(Hening PFL)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Nanjing & Hefei 350 166 2005-06-11 2008-04-19
Hefei–Wuhan
(Hewu PFL)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Hefei & Wuhan 350 351 2005-08-01 2009-04-01
Hankou (Wuhan)–Yichang
(Hanyi R.R.)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Wuhan & Yichang 250 293 2008-09-17 2012-07-01
Yichang–Wanzhou
(Yichang–Lichuan section of Yiwan R.R.)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Yichang & Lichuan[30] 200 377 2003-12-01 2014-7-1
Lichuan–Chongqing
(Yuli R.R.)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Lichuan & Chongqing 200 264 2008-12-29 2013-12-28[26]
Chongqing–Suining
(Suiyu R.R.)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Chongqing & Suining 200 132 2009-01-18 2012-12-31
Dazhou–Chengdu
(Suining–Chengdu section of Dacheng R.R.)
Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Suining & Chengdu. 200 148 2005-05 2009-06-30
Shanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway - 350 km/h - 2,066 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Shanghai-Kunming Line.png
Shanghai–Kunming
(Hukun HSR)
HSR Corridor connecting East, Central and Southwest China. It consists of three sections connecting Shanghai, Hangzhou, Changsha and Kunming. 350 2066 2008-12-28 2016-12-28
Shanghai–Hangzhou
(Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway)
HSR connecting Shanghai Hongqiao & Hangzhou East. 350 150 2009-02-26 2010-10-26
Hangzhou–Changsha
(Hangzhou–Changsha High-Speed Railway)
HSR from Hangzhou to Nanchang 350 582 2010-07-01 2014-12-10[31][32]
HSR from Nanchang to Changsha 344 2009-02-26 2014-09-16[33]
Changsha–Kunming
(Changsha–Kunming High-Speed Railway)
HSR from Changsha to Guiyang 350 702 2010-03-26 2015-6-18[34]
HSR from Guiyang to Kunming 473 2016-12-28[35]

"Eight Vertical and Eight Horizontal" network[edit]

Map of "Eight Vertical and Eight Horizontal" high-speed railway network (in Chinese)

In 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) announced the plans to extend the almost completed "Four Vertical and Four Horizontal" network to a new "Eight Vertical and Eight Horizontal" network.[36] The new network comprises eight north-south ("vertical") corridors and eight east-west ("horizontal") ones, almost doubling the route length.[36]

A corridor may consist of two or more parallel lines that take different routes between the same cities, branch and connector lines, and in some cases, connecting lines and lower-speed lines.[37] The Beijing-Shanghai HSR corridor, one of the verticals, comprises the preexisting Beijing-Shanghai HSR, which runs through Tianjin, Jinan, Bengbu, Nanjing, Wuxi and Suzhou, as well as a new high-speed passenger dedicated line from Beijing to Shanghai via Tianjin, Dongying, Weifang, Linyi, Huaian, Yangzhou, and Nantong, as well as HSRs connecting Nanjing, Hefei and Shanghai with Hangzhou.[38] Some corridors consist of a single HSR line; the Shanghai-Kunming HSR corridor, one of the horizontals, is essentially the Shanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway by another name.[39]

The national HSR mainlines in the 8+8 corridor grid are generally electrified, double-tracked, passenger-dedicated HSR lines built to accommodate train speeds of 250–350 km/h, but corridors also make use of intercity and regional HSR lines with speeds of 200 km/h as well as certain regular speed railways. The Qingdao-Yinchuan corridor includes the Taiyuan–Zhongwei–Yinchuan Railway, which is partially single-track with speeds of only 160 km/h.[40]

Eight vertical lines
No. Line Passing Cities Changes from 4+4 Network
1 Coastal corridor
(沿海通道)
Dalian (Dandong)-Qinhuangdao-Tianjin-Dongying-Weifang-Qingdao (Yantai)-Lianyungang-Yancheng-Nantong-Shanghai-Ningbo-Fuzhou-Xiamen-Shenzhen-Zhanjiang-Beihai (Fangchenggang) Extensions of Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen High-Speed Railway; north from Hangzhou to Dalian/Dandong, and south from Shenzhen to Fangchenggang.
2 Beijing–Shanghai corridor
(京沪通道)
Beijing, Tianjin, Jinan, Nanjing, Shanghai (Hangzhou) Incorporates all of Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway and other parallel line sections connecting Beijing and Shanghai.
3 Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) corridor
(京港(台)通道)
Beijing-Hengshui-Heze-Shangqiu-Fuyang-Hefei (Huanggang)-Jiujiang-Nanchang-Ganzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong (Kowloon) New line.
4 Beijing–Harbin, Beijing–Hong Kong (Macau) corridor
(京哈~京港澳通道)
Harbin-Changchun-Shenyang-Beijing-Shijiazhuang-Zhengzhou-Wuhan-Changsha-Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong, and Guangzhou-Zhuhai-Macau. Merger of Beijing–Harbin High-Speed Railway and Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway, with a branch line to Macau.
5 Hohhot–Nanning corridor
(呼南通道)
Hohhot-Taiyuan- Zhengzhou-Xiangyang-Changde-Yiyang-Shaoyang-Yongzhou-Guilin-Nanning. New line
6 Beijing–Kunming corridor
(京昆通道)
Beijing-Shijiazhuang-Taiyuan-Xi'an-Chengdu (Chongqing)-Kunming, including Beijing-Taiyuan-Zhangjiakou-Datong. New line
7 Baotou (Yinchuan)–Hainan corridor
(包(银)海通道)
Baotou-Yan'an-Xi'an-Chongqing-Guiyang-Nanning-Zhanjiang-Haikou (Sanya). New line
8 Lanzhou (Xining)–Guangzhou corridor
(兰(西)广通道)
Lanzhou (Xining), Chengdu (Chongqing), Guiyang, Guangzhou. New line
Eight horizontal lines
No. Line Passing Cities Changes from 4+4 Network
9 Suifenhe–Manzhouli corridor
(绥满通道)
Suifenhe, Mudanjiang, Harbin, Qiqihar, Hailar, Manzhouli. New line
10 Beijing–Lanzhou corridor
(京兰通道)
Beijing, Hohhot, Yinchuan, Lanzhou. New line
11 Qingdao–Yinchuan corridor
(青银通道)
Qingdao, Jinan, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Yinchuan. West extension of Qingdao–Taiyuan high-speed railway from Taiyuan to Yinchuan.
12 Eurasia Continental Bridge corridor
(陆桥通道)
Lianyungang, Xuzhou, Zhengzhou, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Xining, Urumqi. Extensions of Xuzhou–Lanzhou high-speed railway; east from Xuzhou to Lianyungang, and west from Lanzhou to Urumqi.
13 Yangtze River corridor
(沿江通道)
Shanghai-Nanjing-Hefei-Wuhan-Chongqing-Chengdu, including Nanjing-Anqing-Jiujiang-Wuhan-Yichang-Chongqing, and Wanzhou-Dazhou-Suining-Chengdu. Incorporates all of Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway and other parallel line sections connecting Shanghai and Chengdu.
14 Shanghai–Kunming corridor
(沪昆通道)
Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanchang, Changsha, Guiyang, Kunming. Route is identical to the Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway.
15 Xiamen–Chongqing corridor
(厦渝通道)
Xiamen, Longyan, Ganzhou, Changsha, Changde, Zhangjiajie, Qianjiang, Chongqing. New line
16 Guangzhou–Kunming corridor
(广昆通道)
Guangzhou, Nanning, Kunming. New line

Other Regional high-speed rail lines[edit]

Regional high-speed rail lines connect major cities and national HSR lines and are built to accommodate train speeds of up to 200–350 km/h (120–220 mph). According to the "Mid-to-Long Term Railway Network Plan" (revised in 2008), the MOR plans to build over 40,000 km (25,000 mi) of railway in order to expand the railway network in western China and to fill gaps in the networks of eastern and central China. The 2008 Revisions to Railway Network Plan listed regional railways in Jiangxi, Sichuan and the Northeast.[41] The 2016 Revision lays out 10 new regional railways in eastern China, four in the Northeast, seven in central China, and five in western China.[39] These are also considered high-speed rail though they are not part of the national HSR grid or Intercity High Speed Rail. However several HSR lines planned and built as a regional high-speed railway under the 2008 Revisions have since been incorporated into the 8+8 national grid.

  Completed lines   Partially completed lines. Click [show] for details.

Guangxi Coastal high-speed railway - 250 km/h - 261 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Guangxi Coastal
(Guangxi Coastal Railway Expansion and Reconstruction Project)
HSR from Nanning to the Guangxi coast via Qinzhou. 250 261 2008-12-11 2013-12-28
Nanning–Qinzhou
(Nanning–Qinzhou high-speed railway)
HSR from Nanning to Qinzhou. 250[42] 99 2008-12-11[43] 2013-12-28[44]
Qinzhou–Fangchenggang
(Qinzhou–Fangchenggang high-speed railway)
HSR from Qinzhou to Fangchenggang. 250 63 2009-06-23 2013-12-28[44]
Qinzhou–Beihai
(Qinzhou–Beihai high-speed railway)
HSR from Qinzhou to Beihai. 250 100 2009-06-23 2013-12-28[44]
Datong–Xi'an high-speed railway - 200–250 km/h - 859 km
Line
[corridor map]
Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Datong–Xi'an
(Datong–Xi'an Passenger Railway)
HSR from Datong to Xi'an via Taiyuan. 200–250 859 2009-12-03 2020
Datong–Taiyuan
HSR from Datong to Taiyuan.
(Line operational from Yuanping County to Taiyuan; final section from Yuanping to Datong expect to be completed by 2020.)
200-250 2009-12-03 2020
Taiyuan–Xi'an
HSR from Taiyuan to Xi'an 250 2009-12-03 2014-07-01[45]
Other lines under construction around the country
Line Name Route Description Designed
Speed
(km/h)

Length
(km)

Construction
Start Date

Open Date
Chongqing–Guiyang HSR from Chongqing to Guiyang. 200 345 2010-12-22 2018-01-25[46]
Kunming-Dali Railway HSR Kunming-Yangoon (sections after Dali are unbuilt) 250 341 2008 2018-07-01
Jilin–Hunchun HSR linking Jilin and Hunchun 250 359 2010[47] 2015-09-20[48]
Shangqiu–Hangzhou HSR linking Shangqiu, Hefei and Hangzhou 350 770 2014[49] 2019-12-01 (Shangqiu–Hefei section)[50]
2020-06-28 (Hefei–Hangzhou section)[51]
Zhengzhou–Wanzhou HSR linking Zhengzhou, Xiangyang, Badong and Wanzhou - 770 2015[52] 2016-11-28 (Chongqing–Wanzhou section)
2019-12-01 (Zhengzhou–Xiangyang section)
Meizhou–Chaozhou–Shantou HSR linking Meizhou, Chaozhou and Shantou 250 120 2015-04[53] 2019-10-11[54]
Lianyungang–Zhenjiang HSR linking Lianyungang, Huai'an, Yangzhou and Zhenjiang 250 305 2014-12-26[55]  2019-12-16 (Lianyungang–Huai’an section)
2020-12-11 (Huai’an–Dantu section)[56]
Shanghai–Huzhou HSR linking Shanghai, Suzhou and Huzhou 350[57] 164[58] 2018-02-01[59] 2022
Hangzhou-Yiwu-Wenzhou Phase 1 Phase I of a HSR linking Hangzhou, Yiwu and Wenzhou 350[60] 218[61] 2018 2021
Hangzhou-Yiwu-Wenzhou Phase 2 Phase II of a HSR linking Hangzhou, Yiwu and Wenzhou 350 143 2019[62] 2022
Nanchang-Jingdezhen-Huangshan HSR linking Nanchang, Jingdezhen and Huangshan 350[63] 290[64] 2018-12-25[65] 2023[62]
Jiamusi-Shenyang HSR linking Jiamusi, Mudanjiang, Dunhua, Changbaishan, Baishan, Tonghua, and Shenyang
(Line operational from Dunhua to Baishan; section from Jiamusi to Mudanjiang expect to be completed by February 2022.)
250[66] ' 2016[67] 2025
Huzhou–Hangzhou high-speed railway HSR linking Huzhou and Hangzhou 350 136 2022
Map showing some of China's intercity railways, including lines already operational (red) and lines under construction.[unbalanced opinion?]

High-speed intercity railways[edit]

Intercity lines with speeds ranging from 200–350 km/h (120–220 mph) are designed to provide regional high-speed rail service between large cities and metropolitan areas that are generally within the same province. They are built with the approval of the central government but are financed and operated largely by local governments with limited investment and oversight from the China Rail Corporation. Some intercity lines run parallel to national grid high-speed rail lines but serve more stations along the route.

The 2004 Railway Network Plan arranged for intercity lines around the Bohai Rim, Yangtze and Pearl River Deltas.[5] The 2008 Revision to the Railway Network Plan designated Changsha, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Xian and coastal Fujian metropolitan areas for intercity rail development.[41] The 2016 Revision to the Railway Network Plan identifies the Shandong Peninsula, coastal Guangxi, Harbin-Changchun, southern Liaoning, central Yunnan, central Guizhou, the northern slopes of Tian Shan, Yinchuan, Hohhot-Baotou-Ordos-Yulin as additional metro regions for intercity rail.[68]

Operational lines are marked with green background.

Line Design Speed
(km/h)
Length
(km)
Construction Start Date Open Date
Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway 350 115 2005-04-07 2008-08-01
Chengdu–Dujiangyan Intercity Railway 220 65
(mainline)
2008-11-04 2010-05-12
200 21
(Pengzhou branch)
2009-09-27[69] 2014-04-30[70]
Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway 350 301 2008-07-01 2010-07-01
Nanchang–Jiujiang Intercity Railway 250 131 2007-06-28 2010-09-20
Hainan eastern ring high-speed railway 250 308 2007-09-29 2010-12-30
Changchun–Jilin Intercity Railway 250 111 2007-05-13 2010-12-30[71]
Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region intercity railway 200 117
Guangzhou–Zhuhai
2005-12-18 2011-01-07[72]
2012-12-31[73]
27
Xinhui branch
2011-01-07[72]
85
Guangzhou–Zhaoqing
2009-09-29[74] 2016-03-30[75]
97
Dongguan–Huizhou
2009-05-08[76] 2016-03-30[77]
200 38
Guangzhou–Qingyuan
2012-11-22[78] 2020-10-30
Nanjing–Hangzhou Intercity Railway 350 251 2008-12-28 2013-07-01[22]
Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway 250 497 2009 2013-12-28
Liuzhou–Nanning Intercity Railway 250 223 2008-12-27 2013-12-28[44]
Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway 250 90
Wuchang–Xianning[79]
2009-03-22 2013-12-28[80]
97
Wuhan–Huangshi
2014-06-18[81]
66
Wuhan–Huanggang
2014-06-18[81]
198

Wuhan–Jiujiang

2016 2017-09-21[82]
200 61
Hankou–Xiaogan
2009-03-22 2016-12-01[83]
200 438
Wuhan-Shiyan
2015 2019-11-29[84]
Jiangyou–Mianyang–Chengdu–Leshan Intercity Railway 200 314 2008-12-30 2014-12-20[85][86]
Chengdu–Pujiang Intercity Railway 200 99 2010-10-16[87] 2018-12-28[88]
Central Plain Metropolitan Intercity Rail 200 50
Zhengzhou–Kaifeng
2009-12-29[89] 2014-12-28[90]
69
Zhengzhou–Jiaozuo
2015-06-26[91]
101
Zhengzhou–Xuchang
2009-12-29[89] 2015-12-31[92]
Changsha–Zhuzhou–Xiangtan Intercity Railway 200 96 2010-07-02 2016-12-26[93]
Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway 250 257 2008-12-28 2015-07[94][95]
Harbin–Qiqihar Intercity Railway 250 286 2008-11-25 2015[96]
Qingdao–Rongcheng Intercity Railway 250 299 2010-10-10[97] 2014-12-28[97]
Guiyang–Kaiyang Intercity Railway 200 62 2010-09-20[98] 2015-05-01[99]
Jinhua-Wenzhou High Speed Railway 250 188 2011 2015-12-26[100]
Chengdu–Chongqing Intercity Railway 300 305 2009 2015[101][102]
Shenyang–Dandong Intercity Railway 350 208 2010-03-17[103] 2015[104]
Dandong–Dalian Intercity Railway 200 296 2010-03-17[103] 2015[105][106]
Chongqing–Wanzhou Intercity Railway 350 250 2009 2016-11-28[107][108][109]
Hainan western ring high-speed railway 250 342 2012-10 2015-12-30[110]
Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway 250 101 2013-12-29[111] 2017-09-21[112]
Tianjin–Baoding Intercity Railway 250 158 2011-03-18 2015-12-28[113]
Beijing–Tangshan Intercity Railway 350 160 2009 2020[114]
Hangzhou–Huangshan Intercity Railway 250 265 2014-06-30[115] 2018-12-25
Harbin–Jiamusi Intercity Railway 200 343 2014-06-30[116] 2018-09-30[117]
Harbin–Mudanjiang Intercity Railway 250 293 2014-12-15[118] 2018-12-25[119]
Anshun–Liupanshui intercity railway 250 150 2015 2020-07-08
Jiangsu South Yangtze intercity railway 350 278 2019[120] 2023[121]
Southern Sichuan intercity railway 250
Neijiang–Zigong–Luzhou
130 2015-12-25 2021-06-28[122]
350
Zigong–Xinyibin
2015-12-25 2023

Class I national railways[edit]

Line Design
Speed
(km/h)
Length
(km)
Construction
Start Date
Open Date Ref
Longyan–Xiamen Railway 200 171 2006-12-25 2012-06-29 [123]
Xiangtang–Putian Railway 200 635 2007-11-23 2013-09-26 [124]
Hengyang–Liuzhou Intercity Railway 200 498 2008-12-11 2013-12-28 [125]
Nanning-Guangzhou High-speed Railway 250 577 2008-09-11 2014-04-18
2014-12-26
[126]
[127]
Ganzhou–Longyan Railway 200 274 2009-12-29 2015-12-25 [128]
Chongqing–Lanzhou Railway 200 832 2008-09-26 2017-09-29 [129]
Nanping-Sanming-Longyan Railway 250 247 2010-12-25 2018-12-29 [130]
Chengdu–Lanzhou Railway 200 730 2011-02-26 2019 [131]
Jiujiang–Quzhou railway 200 333 2013-12-29 2017-12-28 [132][111]
Nantong–Shanghai railway 200 137 2014-03-01 2020-07-01 [133][134]
Fuzhou–Pingtan railway 200 88.4 2013-10-31 2020-12-26 [135]
Qianjiang–Changde railway 200 340 2014-12-29 2019-12-26 [136]
Qingdao–Yancheng railway 200 429 2014-12-29 2018-12-26 [138][139]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]