List of highest railways
This article lists the highest railways in the world. Before the opening of the Qinghai–Tibet Railway in 2006, a line passing through Tanggula Mountains and Tanggula Pass, the highest three railways were located in the Andean countries of Peru and Bolivia. The list only includes non-cable railways whose culminating point is over 2,000 metres above sea level.
For a list by country, see List of highest railways by country.
|Rank||Railway line||Highest point||Highest elevation||Country||Opened||Notes|
|1||Xining–Golmud–Lhasa||Tanggula||5,068 m (16,627 ft)||China||2006|
|2||Lima–Huancayo||Ticlio||4,829 m (15,843 ft)||Peru||1893||Highest railway in the Americas|
|3||Rio Mulatos–Potosí||Cóndor||4,786 m (15,702 ft)||Bolivia|
|4||Cuzco-Lake Titicaca||La Raya||4,313 m (14,150 ft)||Peru|
|5||Salta–Antofagasta||La Polvorilla||4,220 m (13,845 ft)|| Argentina
|1948||"Tren a las Nubes" tourist service between Salta and La Polvorilla|
|6||Quito-Guayaquil||Urbina||3,609 m (11,841 ft)||Ecuador||1908||Reopened 2011|
|7||Lanzhou–Xinjiang High-Speed Railway||Qilianshan No.2 Tunnel||3,608 m (11,837 ft)||China||2014||Highest high-speed railway|
|8||Jungfraubahn||Jungfraujoch||3,454 m (11,332 ft)||Switzerland||1912||Highest railway in Europe, underground above 2,350 m.|
|9||Leadville, Colorado and Southern Railroad||Leadville||3,414 m (11,201 ft)||USA||Highest Adhesion railway in North America|
|10||Gornergratbahn||Gornergrat||3,090 m (10,138 ft)||Switzerland||1898||Highest open-air railway in Europe|
|11||Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad||Cumbres Pass||3,054 m (10,020 ft)||USA||1881||Highest narrow gauge railroad in North America|
|12||Yuergou–Yanqi Railway||Kuixian Tunnel||2,980 m (9,777 ft)||China||1978||Main line of Southern Xinjiang Railway before 2014|
|13||Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad||Silverton||2,837 m (9,308 ft)||USA||1881|
|14||Union Pacific Railroad, Moffat Tunnel Subdivision||Moffat Tunnel||2,816 m (9,239 ft)||USA||1928||Apex in tunnel; highest point in Amtrak network, used by California Zephyr|
|15||Uganda Railway||Baringo County, Kenya||2,785 m (9,137 ft)||Kenya||1930||Highest railway in Africa|
|16||Lanzhou–Xinjiang Railway||Wushaoling Tunnel||2,663 m (8,737 ft)||China||2006|
|17||Bavarian Zugspitze Railway||Schneefernerhaus||2,650 m (8,694 ft)||Germany||1930||Underground above 1,640 m|
|18||Lanzhou–Chongqing Railway||Muzhailing Tunnel||2,549 m (8,363 ft)||China||2017|
|19||Alishan Forest Railway||Chushan||2,451 m (8,041 ft)||Taiwan||1912||Highest railway in Taiwan|
|20||Massawa–Asmara Railway||Asmara||2,394 m (7,854 ft)||Eritrea||1911||Highest railway in Eritrea|
|21||Tramway du Mont-Blanc||Nid d'aigle de Bionnassay||2,380 m (7,808 ft)||France||1909|
|22||BNSF Raton Pass Line||Raton Pass||2,312 m (7,585 ft)||USA||1879||Highest point on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway; continues to be used by Amtrak's Southwest Chief.|
|23||Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway||Addis Ababa||2,293 m (7,523 ft)||Ethiopia||2018||Highest railway in Ethiopia|
|24||Darjeeling Himalayan Railway||Ghum||2,257 m (7,405 ft)||India||1891||Highest railway in India|
|25||Bernina Railway||Ospizio Bernina||2,253 m (7,392 ft)||Switzerland||1909||Highest rail crossing in Europe|
|26||Chengdu–Kunming Railway||Shamalada Tunnel||2,244 m (7,362 ft)||China||1969|
|27||Nilgiri Mountain Railway||Ooty||2,210 m (7,251 ft)||India||1908||Highest railway in south India|
|28||Overland Route||Donner Pass||2,151 m (7,057 ft)||USA||1869||Part of First Transcontinental Railroad|
|29||Kalka–Shimla Railway||Shimla||2,086 m (6,844 ft)||India||1898|
|30||Pilatus Railway||Pilatus||2,073 m (6,801 ft)||Switzerland||1889||Steepest non-cable railway in the world|
|31||Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn||Oberalp Pass||2,043 m (6,703 ft)||Switzerland||1926|
|Rank||Railway line||Highest point||Highest elevation||Country||Opened / closed||Notes|
|1||Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway||Pikes Peak Summit||4,301 m (14,111 ft)||USA||1891 / 2017||Highest railway in North America. Might reopen in 2020 |
|2||Denver South Park & Pacific||Alpine Tunnel||3,512 m (11,522 ft)||USA||1882 / 1910|
|3||Mendoza–Los Andes||Los Caracoles||3,176 m (10,420 ft)|| Argentina
|1910 / 1984|
|4||DRG&W Tennessee Pass Route||Tennessee Pass||3,116 m (10,223 ft)||USA||1881 / 1997||Out of service. Can be reactivated if traffic permits.|
|5||Dumaresq–Glen Innes||Ben Lomond||1,363 m (4,472 ft)||Australia||August 19, 1884 /
December 10, 1985
|Formerly the highest station in Australia|
- List of highest railways by country
- List of highest railways in Europe
- List of railway stations
- Heaviest trains
- Infos at mikes.railhistory.railfan.net
- "World's highest railway station enters key construction period". Canada Tibet Committee. July 28, 2005. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- Bennett, Suzy (October 2003). "A train journey through the Peruvian Andes". Wanderlust. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- "Our Train - The Highest in the World". Incas del Peru. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- Jungfraubahnen. "Jungfraujoch - Top of Europe". Jungfrau Ski Region. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- Switzerland Tourism. "Highest railway in Europe". My Switzerland. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- https://wk.baidu.com/view/2ed2676d0066f5335a812149?pcf=2#1. Missing or empty
- Nicola Williams, Damien Simonis, Kerry Walker. Switzerland (ebook Edition). Lonely Planet
- "Ooty Railway Station". indiarailinfo.com.
- "Shimla Railway Station". indiarailinfo.com.
- Engineering Magazine, Volume 14, p. 81
- Manitou & Pike's Peak Cog Railway. "Along The Route". Pikes Peak Cog Railway. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
- "Plan To Rebuild Cog Railway Chugs Ahead". CBS Denver. CBS Denver. Retrieved 14 June 2018.