List of historical secret police organizations

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This is a list of historical secret police organizations. In most cases they are no longer current because the regime that ran them was overthrown or changed, or they changed their names. Few still exist under the same name as legitimate police forces.

Agencies by country[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Albania[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Angola[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

Cameroon[edit]

Central African Republic[edit]

Chad[edit]

Chile[edit]

China[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Congo, People's Republic of[edit]

  • General Directorate for State Security (French: Direction Générale de la Sécurité de l'État)[1]

Croatia, Independent State of[edit]

  • Ravnateljstvo za javni red i sigurnost (RAVSIGUR) (Directorate for Public Order and Security) / Glavno ravnateljstvo za javni red i sigurnost (GRAVSIGUR) (General Directorate for Public Order and Security)
  • Ustaška nadzorna služba (UNS) (Ustaše Surveillance Service)

Cuba[edit]

Czechoslovakia[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Finland[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

Haiti[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

  • Komando Pemulihan Keamanan dan Ketertiban (Kopkamtib) (Security and Order Restoration Command), active during the regime of Suharto

Iran[edit]

Iraq[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

Mozambique[edit]

Nicaragua[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

Ottoman Empire[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Peru[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Republic of China (Taiwan)[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russian Monarchy[edit]

Rwanda[edit]

El Salvador[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Somalia[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

Spain[edit]

Uganda[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

South Vietnam[edit]

  • Social and Political Research Service (So Nghien Cuu Xa Hoi Chinh Tri) (during the Diem regime)[5]

Yugoslavia[edit]

Zaire[edit]

  • Centre Nationale de Documentation (CND) (National Documentation Center) - 1969-early 1980s
  • Agence Nationale de Documentation (AND) (National Documentation Agency) - Early 1980s-August 1990
  • Service National d'Intelligence et de Protection (SNIP) (National Service for Intelligence and Protection) - August 1990 - May 1997[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ John F. Clark and Samuel Decalo, Historical Dictionary of Republic of the Congo, Fourth Edition (2012), page 134.
  2. ^ Abbott, Elizabeth (1988). Haiti: An insider's history of the rise and fall of the Duvaliers. Simon & Schuster. p. 116 ISBN 0-671-68620-8
  3. ^ "Mozambique: Six Months After Independence" Archived 2007-12-17 at the Wayback Machine AliciaPatterson.org. Accessed on May 29, 2008.
  4. ^ http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+so0125)
  5. ^ Smith, Harvey Henry, Area Handbook for South Vietnam: Volume 550, Issue 55, p. 220 (1967). U.S. Government Printing Office
  6. ^ http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+zr0206)