Honorific nicknames in popular music are terms used, most often in the media or by fans, to indicate the significance of an artist, and are often religious, familial, or (most frequently) royal and aristocratic titles, used metaphorically. Honorific nicknames were used in classical music in Europe as early as the early nineteenth century, with figures such as Mozart being called "The father of modern music" and Bach "The father of modern piano music". They were also particularly prominent in African-American culture in the post-Civil War era, perhaps as a means of conferring status that had been negated by slavery, and as a result entered early jazz and blues music, including figures such as Duke Ellington and Count Basie.
In American culture, despite its republican constitution and ideology, honorific nicknames have been used to describe leading figures in various areas of activity, such as industry, commerce, sports, and the media; father or mother have been used for innovators, and royal titles such as king and queen for dominant figures in a field. In the 1930s and 1940s, as jazz and swing music were gaining popularity, it was the more commercially successful white artists Paul Whiteman and Benny Goodman who became known as "The King of Jazz" and "The King of Swing" respectively, despite there being more highly regarded contemporary African-American artists. These patterns of naming were transferred to rock and roll when it emerged in the 1950s. There was a series of attempts to find (and a number of claimants to be) the "King of Rock 'n' Roll", a title that became most associated with Elvis Presley. This has been characterized as part of a process of the appropriation of credit for innovation of the then new music by a white establishment. Different honorifics have been taken or given for other leading figures in the genre, such as "The Architect of Rock and Roll", by Little Richard from the 1990s, but this term, like many, is also used for other important figures, in this case including pioneer electric guitarist Les Paul.
Similar honorific nicknames have been given in other genres, including Tina Turner, who was literally crowned "Queen of Rock N' Roll".Michael Jackson and Madonna have been closely associated with the terms "King and Queen of Pop". Some nicknames have been strongly promulgated and contested by various artists and occasionally disowned or played down by their subjects. Some notable honorific nicknames are in general usage and commonly identified with particular individuals.
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^S. S. Walker, "What's in a name: Black awareness keeps the African tradition of 'meaningful names' alive", Ebony, vol. 32 (8), (June 1977), pp. 74–8.
^D. Evans, "From Bumble Bee Slim to Black Boy Shine: Nicknames of Blues Singers" in D. Evans, ed., Ramblin' on my mind: new perspectives on the blues: African American music in global perspective (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 179–222.
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^M. Benoliel and Linda Cashdan, The Upper Hand: Winning Strategies from World-Class Negotiators (Adams Media, 2006), p. 26.
^B. G. Rader, Baseball: a history of America's game (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 3rd edn., 2008), p. 140.
^ abY. Bynoe, Stand and deliver: political activism, leadership, and hip hop culture (Soft Skull Press, 2004), p. 155.
^M. T. Bertrand, Race, rock, and Elvis: Music in American life (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000), p. 220.
^G. B. Rodman, "A hero to most?; Elvis, myth and the politics of race", Cultural Studies vol. 8 (3), (1994), p. 474.
^J. Warner, On this day in black music history (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2006), p. 56,
^Kempton, Boogaloo: the Quintessence of American Popular Music (University of Michigan Press, 2005), p. 58.
^Hawes, Alison (2014), Music and Fashion, Badger Learning, p. 23, ISBN9781781477588, Many of the most successful pop artists of the Eighties were solo singers. Two of them, Michael Jackson and Madonna, were known as the King and Queen of Pop
^"Overnight the unknown 14-year old became an international star. This earned her the nickname 'Princess of R&B'.", in W. Sutherland, Aaliyah Remembered (Trafford Publishing, 2005), p. 21.
^Behind the Music – Ep. 166 – Aaliyah, VH1, retrieved January 23, 2013, But Aaliyah Dana Haughton, the reigning Queen of Urban Pop, wasn't sitting still. She was hard at work, shooting her next video, when a plane crash ended her life on August 25
^Niester, Alan (September 22, 2000), "Metal queen slips into something jazzy", The Globe and Mail, p. R.6, ISSN0319-0714, Recall that throughout most of the eighties and even into the nineties, Aaron was known as the queen of heavy-metal rock, the loudest, brashest and sexiest female rock belter this side of Janis Joplin.
^"Forever our girl! Busty Paula Abdul, 55, shows off acrobatic dance moves on Michigan stop of The Total Package Tour", DailyMail Australia, June 30, 2017, Back at it: Paula Abdul, 55, was a dancing queen Thursday as she took the stage at The Palace of Auburn Hills in Auburn Hills, Michigan on The Total Package Tour
^Wolfe, Charles K. (2001), Classic Country: Legends of Country Music, Routledge, p. 19, ISBN978-0-415-92827-4, His nickname, 'The King of Country Music,' may sound a bit mawkish and old- fashioned, but, in many ways, it is remarkably accurate.
^Toombs, Mikel (May 22, 2012), "Adele Earns Title Of Soul Queen", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p. C.3, ISSN0745-970X, The reigning queen of soul owned the stage at the packed Royal Albert Hall, highlighting her elegant artistry and dynamic personality in a 93-minute set
^ abcdef"Some women have even been given titles. Tina Turner who is The Queen of Rock and Aretha Franklin, dubbed the Queen of Soul. Donna Summer is the Queen of Disco and Mary J. Blige is the Queen of Hip-Hop, Gloria Estefan is the Queen of Latin Pop, Madonna is the Queen of Pop, while Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera are the Princesses of Pop", in L. Bollinger and C. O'Neill, Women in Media Careers: Success Despite the Odds (University Press of America, 2008), p. 147.
^Wong, Tim (May 26, 2014). "Julie Andrews, the operatic sensation that never was". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. You might not know this – though I'm sure diehard fans will – but Dame Julie Andrews started out in opera. In fact she was once billed as "Britain's Youngest Prima Donna".
^"Ashanti Tops Celine". Andrew Dansby. RollingStone.com/. April 10, 2002. Retrieved July 29, 2017. If you thought that the crowning of Ashanti as the “Princess of Hip-Hop and Soul” was something of a premature coronation, you’d be wrong.
^"It probably makes sense to call him – as several people do in the movie [Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll (1987)] – as the 'King of rock 'n' roll'", in D. Denby, "What's in a game", New York, October 19, 1987, p. 102.
^"Beyoncé in Rolling Stone", Rolling Stone, p. 41, December 2009 – January 2010, Calling her a mere R&B diva is, at this point, almost an insult: With grace and grit, Beyoncé has become the Princess of R&B, a one-woman Hitsville U.S.A.
^"10 of the best: Björk", The Guardian, March 26, 2014, retrieved December 6, 2015, Rising from the wreckage of punk group KUKL and evolving into the queen of experimental pop, we chart Björk's route from mystical musings to environmental activism
^Bjork Launches Her Own Interactive Educational Curriculum, PSFK, February 4, 2013, retrieved December 6, 2015, As PSFK learned back in 2011 when we visited Reykjavik, Iceland is indeed a magical country. In no other place in the world do active volcanoes mix with glaciers, geothermal springs bubble in abundance, and wild ponies roam the countryside. Iceland's reigning queen of experimental music, Björk, has certainly made these ideas and natural elements part of her music and performances, with her newest project 'Biophilia,' she takes 'multifaceted' to new levels.
^ ab"The nine-time Grammy Award-winning singer/songwriter – who has earned such sobriquets along the way as 'the Queen of Hip-Hop Soul' and 'the Empress of Soul' – returns Dec. 21 with her ninth studio album, "Stronger" Gail Mitchell (December 12, 2009), "Strength of Character", Billboard, 121 (49), p. 17, ISSN0006-2510
^"Universally known as the 'Queen of Hip Hop Soul' because of her frequent collaborations with rap artists and Hip Hop producers..." in" Bynoe, Yvonne (2006), Encyclopedia of rap and hip-hop culture, Greenwood Press, p. 32, ISBN978-0-313-33058-2
^"Fresh party for Mary j's new album", The Plymouth Evening Herald, p. 2, February 15, 2008, Once again The Candy Store and Fresh City Promotions have pulled a major rabbit out of the hat with the launch party for the new album by Mary J Blige, the undisputed Queen of R&B, Growing Pains
^In the wake of her 'Breakthrough' success, the reigning queen of R&B tries to please her many followers—but, most of all, herself. Vozick-Levinson, Simon (December 21, 2007), "Mary J. Blige", Entertainment Weekly, p. 22, ISSN1049-0434
^BoA – "Game", MTV, September 3, 2010, retrieved April 18, 2011, The queen of K-Pop made her highly, highly anticipated comeback to Korea for the first time in five years with her 9th studio album, Hurricane Venus
^ abTownsend, Audarshia (October 31, 1998), "No Real Treat Monica Highlights Otherwise Dreary Halloween Bash", Chicago Tribune, p. 25, ISSN1085-6706, Rising above it all was Monica, the headline female act, who's currently sharing the title of 'R&B Princess' with young singer Brandy
^"Tidal Music". With a successful 23-year career in music, film, and television, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences-Award winning artist, Brandy Norwood, is the epitome of a true artist. Known for her distinctive sound, Brandy is often referred to as the "vocal bible." She creates soul-stirring "feel good" music that inspires the masses
^"Garth Brooks To Retire". CBS News. December 16, 1999. Retrieved May 8, 2013. The king of country music is making plans to retire
^Marshall, Polly. The God of Hellfire, the Crazy Life and Times of Arthur Brown. SAF Publishing, 2005. ISBN0-946719-77-2.
^"Chris Brown", People, archived from the original on December 9, 2013, retrieved October 18, 2016, With his debut single "Run It," 16-year-old Chris Brown back-flipped his way into becoming the first male solo artist to release a song that went straight to No. 1. He was later crowned the Prince of R&B
^The reggae debate: still unresolved, October 17, 2008, retrieved October 25, 2008, Others will point to the likes of the 'crown prince of reggae' Dennis Brown, for his contribution to roots reggae and his influence on a generation of reggae artistes
^David Pullman to Securitize 'Godfather of Soul' James Brown, Business Wire, May 3, 1999, p. 1, And today, James Brown's status as 'The Godfather of Soul" remains undiminished'.
^ abYvonne Shinhoster Lamb (December 26, 2006). "Hardworking Godfather of Soul". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 8, 2013. Brown, also called the 'hardest-working man in show business', was a visionary and an innovator who pushed music to new places.
^"Years before Aretha Franklin, Diana Ross, and Etta James, Ruth reigned as the original queen of r&b. She achieved a distinctive sassy and streetwise style, which made her one of the most popular singers of her era. Her career has been so influential that Atlantic Records is sometimes referred too as 'the house that Ruth built' and for good reason", at Cotton, Nzgina (April 7, 2008), "Ruth Brown: The Original Queen of r&b", New Nation, p. 22, ISSN1365-7496
^Jones, Steve (November 20, 2006), "R&B diva for the ages", USA TODAY, p. D.1, ISSN0734-7456, Years before Aretha Franklin was crowned Queen of Soul, Ruth Brown reigned as the original Queen of R&B
^"Burke, long ago dubbed the King of Rock 'n' Soul, was worth the wait", in M. Newman, "Soul man Solomon Burke: Live on Film; Capricorn's Smoking New Companion" in Billboard July 8, 1995, Vol. 107 (27), p. 10.
^ abc"Did You Know: The King of Rock 'n' Soul". With his background in gospel, jazz, country, and blues, Burke helped shaped the sound of soul music, developing his unique style that earned him the nicknames “King Solomon,” The King of Rock ‘n’ Soul”, “Bishop of Soul”, and the “Muhammad Ali of soul”.
^Reynolds, Simon (August 22, 2014). "Kate Bush, the queen of art-pop who defied her critics". The Guardian. Retrieved September 13, 2018. The singer's much-anticipated series of concerts are a sell-out, her return to the stage heralded by critics everywhere. Yet her particular brand of carefully crafted fantasy was not always so widely acclaimed
^Chávez Candelaria, Cordelia; Aldama, Arturo J.; García, Peter J.; Alvarez-Smith, Alma, eds. (2004). Encyclopedia of Latino popular culture. Westport, CT [etc.]: Greenwood Press. p. 822. ISBN978-0-313-33211-1. Born August 19, 1954, in Kingsville, Texas, she is recognized as 'la reina de la onda Tejana' (the queen of Tejano music).
^"Mariah Carey's Christmas Concert In NYC". Idolator. SpinMedia Publishers. Retrieved December 21, 2014. Queen Of Christmas, Mariah Carey performs her holiday smash hits at the Beacon Theatre on December 15, 2014 in New York City.
^"Profile: Roberto Carlos". AllMusic. Retrieved July 11, 2011. (...) the mid-'90s witnessed a resurgence of Jovem Guarda talents through tributes of new rockers and Carlos reached the 21st century uncontestedly enjoying his absolute title: the King.
^"Roberto Carlos: King Of Music In Brazil". Latin Music About.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011. '1965 was Carlos' year. In a popular vote promoted by the TV show Reino de Jeventude, Carlos was elected "O Rei' – the King of Brazilian music and has retained the title ever since.
^"Fado: the Sound of Lisbon". LisbonLux.com. Retrieved August 5, 2015. If Amália was the queen of Fado, you can call Carlos do Carmo the king. His is the most successful male voice in Fado, releasing albums since the 1960s. Although his Fado is classic, some also find a jazzy sound and Frank Sinatra style in many of his songs.
^She doesn't need to turn back time: After a successful 45-year career, the Goddess of Pop is still going strong. She plays a veteran performer alongside Christina Aguilera in her new flick, "Burlesque", hitting theaters on Wednesday. And she continues to sing in Las Vegas. Amanda Sidman (November 21, 2010), "Cher", Daily News, New York, p. 5
^Lee, Vinny (September 2, 2006), "Turning back time", The Times, p. 73, ISSN0140-0460, Cher – singer, Oscar-winning actress and campaigner -is the original queen of reinvention, an expert at re-creating herself.
^Bowing out, if not exactly gracefully, Cher, that surgically enhanced queen of reinvention, last week brought her farewell tour to Glasgow. Sweet, Lucy (May 16, 2004), "Cher's so long farewell", The Sunday Times, p. 11
^ ab"What happens when the 'God of Song' descends on Genting Highlands during a cold and wet weekend? He warms and melts the hearts of both young and old with his charm and huge repertoire of hits, that's what! And that was precisely what Hong Kong superstar Jacky Cheung – arguably the most popular and enduring of the four Heavenly Kings – did at his two sold-out concerts last Friday and Saturday at the Arena of Stars. (For the uninitiated, Cheung, Andy Lau, Aaron Kwok and Leon Lai are the four "Heavenly Kings" of Chinese pop, the over-the-top title probably bestowed by the imaginative Hong Kong media because of the singers' immense popularity. Cheung, of course, has been elevated even higher on the celestial plane!)" Ming, Fong (November 9, 2002). "Jacky, oh!". New Straits Times. p. 3.
^"Thousands of fans pay tribute to Leslie Cheung". China Daily. April 1, 2004. Retrieved May 20, 2017. 'We want Gor Gor' (Cantonese for 'big brother', Cheung's nickname) to know that he has not been forgotten and never will be," a spokeswoman said.
^Song, Berwin (August 9, 2008), "5 Chinese Acts Using The Games To Boost Their Profile", Billboard, 120 (32), p. 28, ISSN0006-2510, Dubbed the 'king of Chinese pop' by local media, Jay Chou has released eight studio albums, spawning several hits,
^Shepherd, Julianne (January 16, 2007). "Ciara: The Evolution". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved May 8, 2013. In 2004, upon the release of Ciara Harris's excellent debut Goodies, Lil Jon christened the 21-year-old Atlanta starlet the 'Princess of crunk & B.'
^ ab"A common sight towards the end of the sixties in New York and London announced 'Clapton is God'", in Vinita, Profiles in Popular Music (Sura Books, 2005), p. 71.
^"Kelly Clarkson's Fashion Evolution". Billboard. Retrieved November 1, 2013. From small town girl to Pop Princess to Rock Diva, Kelly Clarkson has also grabbed hold of our attention in the decade since winning "American Idol" with her eccentric style.
^Grossman, Samantha (July 23, 2015). "15 Times Kelly Clarkson Totally Nailed a Cover Song". Time. Retrieved July 14, 2016. American Idol alum Kelly Clarkson is the undisputed Queen of Covers. She consistently borrows other artists' songs and puts her signature spin on them, often producing something even better than the original.
^Appiah, Kwame Anthony; Gates, Henry Louis; Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. (2004). Africana: An A-to-Z Reference of Writers, Musicians, and Artists of the African American Experience. Running Press. p. 146. ISBN0-7624-2042-1.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
^DeCurtis, Anthony; Henke, James (1992). The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll: The Definitive History of the Most Important Artists and their Music. George-Warren, Holly. Random House. p. 135. ISBN0-679-73728-6.
^"After receiving numerous requests, we will analyze the CD Damares Queen Bee ... Damares without doubt is one of the greats of gospel music and has tremendous public resulting from the "Taste of Honey"." FCG, May 2, 2013
^"Why? I do not know, these are the "artists of the moment," pure marketing strategy by Sony to sell, it is clear the preference of "Queen Bee" in the halls of Sony" Loja Evangélica.
^"Damares recebe disco de diamante no Programa Raul Gil" [Damares receives diamond disc in Programa Raul Gil]. October 24, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2017. Sure BBB Disc Diamond is not news to anyone, for any media gospel, the singer herself and the staff of Sony had released this done. However it will be very nice to see the 'Queen Bee' receiving this award on national television...
^Crane, Kelly (April 22, 2010). "Egyptian superstar Amr Diab is set to rock Dubai". Gulf News. Retrieved May 14, 2013. The Arab world's most successful recording artist, Father of Mediterranean Music, movie star extraordinaire, dedicated family man or simply the King of Arab Pop are all titles Amr Diab has picked up over the years.
^"Ebony hailed Domino as the "King of Rock 'n' Roll" in Altschuler, Glenn C. (2003), All shook up: how rock 'n' roll changed America, Oxford University Press, p. 43, ISBN978-0-19-513943-3
^"Known as England's 'King of Skiffle.' Member of Chris Barber's Jazz Band in 1954" in J. Whitburn, The Billboard book of top 40 hits (Billboard Books, 8th edn., 2004), p. 188.
^"If Clifton Chenier was the king of zydeco music, Rockin' Dopsie (pronounced doopsie), with his unequaled proficiency on the button accordion, was its crown prince", in https://www.allmusic.com/artist/p71749 Allmusic biography
^Halterman, Del (2009), Walk-Don't Run – The Story of The Ventures, Lulu, p. 211, ISBN978-0-557-04051-3, Japanese fans had labeled Nokie the 'King of Guitars,' at a time when Deep Purple's Ritchie Blackmore publicly announced, 'I think I can wipe up the floor with most guitarists.'
^Stubbs, David (2006), Eminem: The Stories Behind Every Song, Thunder's Mouth Press, p. 230, ISBN1-56025-946-9, Significantly, he also duetted with Missy Elliott on the brilliant, Timbaland-produced, 'Busa Rhyme' on her Da Real World album. Eminem makes no attempt to tone down the misogynistic elements of Slim Shady in the face of the 'First Lady Of Hip Hop.'
^Baillie, Russell (August 7, 1999). "Missy Elliott: Da Real World". NZ Herald News. nzhearald.co.nz. Retrieved November 8, 2013. Just two albums down, Missy "Misdemeanour" Elliot is riding a fine line between hip-hop heavyweight and pop princess. She's already proved she can do both – on debut album Supa Dupa Fly – and a lot more besides, having also moonlighted in the studio for the likes of Whitney Houston and Janet Jackson.
^Ortiz, Kristine (August 21, 2013), "Countdown to KCON 2013", Audrey, audreymagazine.com, archived from the original on November 10, 2013, retrieved November 8, 2013, After his hugely successful 'One of a Kind' world tour this past year, [G-Dragon] has recently announced the release of his third solo record, Coup D'Etat, which will have a feature from hip-hop heavyweight, Missy Elliott.
^Netter, Matt (1999), 'N Sync with Justin, Simon & Schuster, p. 74, ISBN978-0-671-03276-0, When Missy 'Misdemeanor' Elliott isn't creating another hit song mixed with rapping and singing, you can bet she's off collaborating with another artist. For this reason, the talented singer/rapper/songwriter/producer has been dubbed the 'Puff Mommy' of hip-hop.
^Hirshey, Gerri (2001), We Gotta Get Out of This Place: The True, Tough Story of Women in Rock, Grove Press, p. 253, ISBN0-8021-3899-3, And who, at twenty-seven, has become such an industry player that they're calling her Puff Mommy? 'Aw, that's MISSY.'
^Hess, Mikey (2007), Icons of Hip Hop: An Encyclopedia of the Movement, Music, and Culture, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 503, ISBN978-0-313-33904-2, Beyond being the best-selling female hip hop artist to date, and often referred to as the queen of hip hop, what separates Missy Elliott is her ability to allow her aesthetic to speak for itself. She uses her artistry to transcend cultural norms in hip hop and in the music industry.
^Baker, Lindsay (October 31, 2003), "Scary? Missy Elliott?", The Guardian, London, retrieved February 22, 2013, She's the unrivalled queen of rap and the first black music mogul, so it's no surprise that Missy Elliott has a reputation as the diva you cross at your peril.
^Shaw, Andrea Elizabeth (2006), The Embodiment of Disobedience: Fat Black Women's Unruly Political Bodies, Lexington Books, p. 100, ISBN0-7391-1487-5, Missy Elliott, reigning queen of rap, releases five albums in only six years, earns two Grammys, the 2003 American Music Award, and MTV's 2003 Video of the Year.
^Mitchell, Claudia; Reid-Valsh, Jacqueline (2008), Girl Culture: Studying girl culture: a reader's guide, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 276, ISBN978-0-313-33908-0, Widely regarded as the queen of rap music, Missy Elliott is an icon of girl culture because of her innovative style and ability to succeed in the music industry without objectifying herself.
^Colpack, Dean (2014), Getting Into Enya: A Rough Guide to the Queen of New Age, Pitchfork, and even Nicki Minaj, who revealed in an interview recently that several songs from her new album The Pinkprint are heavily influenced by the New Age queen.
^Trust, Gary (2016), Ask Billboard: Madonna's Career Album Sales, Billboard, (Next up after Madonna among female soloists? New age queen Enya, at 27.3 million.)
^"Total Performer Darren Espanto Invades GMA Network". GMA Network. February 24, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2015. Young sensation Darren Espanto, dubbed the ‘Total Performer,’ had a blast guesting on Mama Belle’s radio show 'Sikat Sa Barangay' earlier today, February 24.
^"Gloria Estefan to Write Her First Book, a Children's Story Starring Her Bulldog Noelle; Published in English and Spanish Editions by Rayo, an Imprint of HarperCollins, in November 2005", Business Wire, p. 1, December 6, 2004, Known far and wide as the 'Queen of Latin Pop', Gloria Estefan is one of the most recognized artists in the world
^"Brenda Fassie Black Madonna – "I'm a Mafia in bed". The obelisk which Mussolini took to Rome their obelisk back. WHILE gossip-mongers in the Western world are drooling over Madonna's blockbuster tome "Sex" "Brenda Fassie", New African (304–314), p. 26, 1993, ISSN0142-9345
^Iley, Chrissy (August 8, 2010). "How Bryan got his groove back". The Sunday Times. Retrieved September 17, 2018. Bryan Ferry is still the king of cool. Yet behind the facade there’s a working-class Geordie who has endured heartbreak, loss and obsession
^"The singer who was affectionately known as 'The First Lady of Song' died peacefully at home surrounded by family and friends, said spokeswoman Andrea Hecht" at "Ella Fitzgerald, first lady of song, dies at 78". findarticles.com. July 1, 1996. Archived from the original on February 11, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
^Bego, Mark (2001), Aretha Franklin: The Queen of Soul, Da Capo Press, p. 6, ISBN978-0-306-80935-4, She is also known as 'Sister Ree,' 'Lady Soul' 'La Diva Franklin,' and 'The Queen of Soul',
^ abcColeman, Rick (2007), Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll, Da Capo Press, p. xvii, ISBN978-0-306-81531-7, Just as journalists had crowned white bandleaders Paul Whiteman and Benny Goodman as the kings of jazz and swing, in the 1950s they enthroned Presley, Haley, and Freed as the kings of rock 'n' roll
^Ryon, Ruth (March 26, 2000), "Latin Pop King Quitting Castle", Los Angeles Times, p. 1, ISSN0458-3035, Known as the king of Latin pop, Gabriel also has sold more than 35 million albums worldwide.
^Tan, Rowena (July 28, 2014). "Little Superstar is 'Voice Kids' grand champ". Entertainment. Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2015. Gairanod earned the moniker "Little Superstar" after she was likened by show coach Lea Salonga to the Superstar Nora Aunor.
^Glesson, Bridget (May 2, 2018). "Tango mystique on the Río de la Plata". Parts Unknown. He was El Mago (the Wizard), El Zorzal (the Songbird), and El Rey del Tango (the King of Tango), among other affectionate nicknames bestowed upon him by an adoring public.
^Russonello, Giovanni (November 23, 2018). "Lucho Gatica, 'the King of Bolero,' Is Dead at 90". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved November 26, 2018. Lucho Gatica, the Chilean singer whose lush, brooding croon earned him renown throughout the Spanish-speaking world as 'the king of bolero,' died on Nov. 13 (2018).
^"He was the 'Prince of Motown,' strong, silent and majestic" in R. Gulla, Icons of R&B and soul: an encyclopedia of the artists who revolutionized rhythm vol. 2 (Greenwood, 2008), p. 338.
^"Dubbed "the Prince of Soul," Marvin Gaye endured lifelong turmoil, never grasping the genius of his own talent..." in N. Talevski, The unofficial encyclopedia of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (Greenwood, 1998), p. 402.
^"Although Gaynor was crowned the 'Queen of Disco' after dance floor favourites like "Honey Bee," "Never Can Say Goodbye" and "Casanova Brown" ..." in P. Shapiro, Turn the Beat Around: The Secret History of Disco (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2006), p. 213.
^Gil, Baby A. (October 2, 2015). "Rachelle Ann a true West End star". Philippine Star Entertainment. Philippine Star. Retrieved October 26, 2015. And now here she is again, a true West End star in the celebration of Les Miz’s 30th year.
^Šebeňa, Michal (December 21, 2014). "A Thoroughly Intended Comeback. Why Is Marika Gombitová Back?". Plus 7 dní (in Slovak). Spoločnosť 7 Plus, a. s. pluska.sk. Retrieved May 1, 2015. These are the most quoted possible reasons, which the Queen of Slovak Pop Music Marika Gombitová has decided to appear in front of her devoted fans for.
^"Marika Gombitová Is Celebrating Today". Korzár (in Slovak). Petit Press. September 12, 2008. korzar.sme.sk. Retrieved December 1, 2011. The Songstress of the Century Marika Gombitová is celebrating today her 52nd birthday and her nameday, too...
^"Marika Gombitová – Awards". Občianske združenie Osobnosti.sk (in Slovak). NWS. osobnosti.sk. Retrieved December 1, 2011. Awards: 2000 – Title 'The Songstress of the Century'
^Martin, Henry; Keith Waters (2006), Jazz: The First 100 Years, Thomson Wadsworth, p. 138, ISBN978-0-534-62804-8, For many people the name Benny Goodman is synonymous with swing. His record sales and performances helped usher in the swing craze of the 1930s; for more than a decade, the 'king of swing' enjoyed incredible heights of popularity.
^Veselá, Zuzana (December 11, 2010). "Kráľovná československého šansónu má v srdci mlynské koleso". Woman Man Magazine (in Slovak). FF company. womanman.sk. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2014. The Queen of Czechoslovak chanson has a 'Mill Wheel' in her heart; The first lady of Czechoslovak chanson Hana Hegerová has released a new studio album after almost 25 years.
^"Hana Hegerová – malá velká dáma českého šansonu". Česká televize (in Czech). ČT24. October 20, 2011. ceskatelevize.cz. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 27, 2014. Hana Hegerová – a little big lady of Czech chanson; At occasion of a birthday of the queen of Czech chanson the Czech Television will present on Saturday, October 22, on 2nd channel at 20.55 the document 'Hana Hegerová', and at 21.50 her recitale 'What I'll Never Understand'
^"She was known as 'The Voice'", in A. Sarat, Legal Responses to Religious Practices in the United States: Accommodation and Its Limits (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), ISBN1-107-02368-8, p. 67.
^Perone, Tim (February 12, 2012). "Queen of Pop Dead: Whitney Houston Only 48". New York Post.
^"Recently, the girls proved their credibility as live performers, appearing as guests to Hong Kong's legendary "God of Songs" Sam Hui during his two live dates in Malaysia for the 50,000-strong crowds at Bukit Jalil National Stadium in Kuala Lumpur." in "Sounds of the East", Bangkok Post, p. 1, March 15, 2005
^"Gregory Isaacs". The Guardian. Retrieved September 3, 2014. Nicknamed "The Cool Ruler", Isaacs was a dapper-dressed performer who almost always sported a distinctive fedora and three-piece suit on stage.
^"MESSAGE BOARD". VIBE Magazine. Retrieved April 24, 2015. Calling herself the "Queen of the South" when she only has one hit it just crazy. I have admit. Thought, she did sell more then Jacki-O.
^Norment, Lynn (November 2000), "Janet: At the crossroads", Ebony, 56 (1), p. 180, ISSN0012-9011, Janet Jackson, music's princess of pop, is at a crossroads of her life and career: She is pursuing acting roles and she has parted ways with her longtime partner, Rene Elizondo ... Having established herself as the world-renowned princess of pop music, in addition to making strides as an actress, one would think there is not much left on her to-do list. But the possibilities are endless
^Smith, Giles (April 21, 1996), "Slow riffs, fast riffs, midriffs", The Independent, p. 26, ISSN0951-9467, Janet Jackson is a big deal these days, the Queen of Pop, though we can still call her by her first name
^Miles Keylock (November 20, 1998), "Dammit Janet!", Mail & Guardian, retrieved April 19, 2011, It's been close on a decade since she emerged from brother Michael's shadow and the Nineties has seen her constantly re(de)fining her musical and stage personae. In its staggering professionalism, the Velvet Rope tour bears witness to the success of such artistic endeavour as well as her status as the undoubted queen of R&B
^J. Wallenfeldt, Black American Biographies: The Journey of Achievement (Rosen, 2010), ISBN1-61530-137-2, p. 320.
^Browne, David (November 29, 1991). "Michael Jackson's Black or White Blues". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 3, 2009. [A] highly placed source at MTV says the network was obligated to refer to Jackson on air as the King of Pop in order to be allowed to show "Black or White." An MTV spokeswoman denies that, but the phrase was part of MTV's ads for the video and was repeatedly used by its VJs. A source at Fox confirms that Jackson's people did request that Bart use the phrase "King of Pop" in the video and that the phrase also be used in the network's press releases; 'King of Pop' also crops up in Fox's print ads for the video and in press releases by Jackson's publicists, Solters/Roskin/Friedman.
^Lewis Jones, Jel D. (2005). Michael Jackson, the King of Pop: The Big Picture: the Music! the Man! the Legend! the Interviews: an Anthology. Amber Books Publishing. p. 3. ISBN978-0-9749779-0-4. He wears the crown as the King Of Pop because no artist has broken his record of selling nearly 60 million copies of a single Album (Thriller)
^Andrew Buncombe (July 25, 2006). "The grandfather of rock'n'roll: The devil's instrument". The Independent. Retrieved May 20, 2017. ...the musical legacy of Robert Johnson has entranced later generations of rock and blues musicians such as the Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin. Fans and experts alike call him the "grandfather of rock and roll
^"Stars over Broadway: Al Jolson". PBS. The brightest star of the first half of the 20th century, Jolson was eternally grateful for the opportunities America had given him. ... While some of his colleagues in show business complained about his inflated ego, he certainly deserved his moniker: 'The World's Greatest Entertainer.'
^McNally, Dennis (2003), Desolate Angel: Jack Kerouac, the Beat Generation, and America, Da Capo Press, p. 316, ISBN978-0-306-81222-4, Janis Joplin found hers in Texas and left for the West Coast, there to become queen of rock and roll.
^...Janis Joplin, the nation's reigning queen of rock 'n' roll. Jackson, Buzzy (2005), A bad woman feeling good, W. W. Norton & Company, p. 81, ISBN978-0-393-05936-6
^Edward A. Berlin, King of Ragtime: Scott Joplin and his Era (Oxford: Oxford University Press US, 1995), ISBN0-19-535646-2, p. 146.
^Brewer Jr., John M. (2007), Pittsburgh Jazz, Arcadia Publishing, p. 95, ISBN978-0-7385-4980-4, He was known as 'King of the Jukebox' and was one of the first black artists to have both white and black supporters following his jazz, blues, and boogie-woogie tunes
^O'Brian, Amy (November 22, 2007), "Black paves a new path for women in rhythm & blues; Canada's new queen of R&B? Who's the old one, asks trendsetter Jully Black", The Vancouver Sun, p. D.11, Jully Black has been called a lot of things. But she gets a good laugh at those who have called her the 'new queen of Canadian R&B'.
^Danielle Canada (December 28, 1998). "R. Kelly". Jet Magazine. Retrieved January 26, 2012. During a recent interview with the reigning King of R&B, Kelly told JET why success saddens him
^Holden, Stephen (December 17, 1995). "Pop Briefs". The New York Times. Retrieved January 26, 2012. The reigning king of pop-soul sex talks a lot tougher than Barry White, the father of such fluffed-up pillow talk and along with Marvin Gaye and Donny Hathaway, a major influence on Kelly.
^"In the past five years, Western music critics have reached into their grab bag to label him the 'Algerian Elvis' and the 'poster boy for the modern form of Algerian desert blues'. In the decade before that, he was known as Cheb Khaled (cheb means "young man" in Algeria's Arabic dialect) or, more simply, the 'King of Rai'", in Curiel, Jonathan (July 10, 2005), "The 'King of Rai' Seeks a New Name", San Francisco Chronicle
^Nazel, Joe (1998), B.B. King: King of the Blues, Holloway House Publishing, p. 60, ISBN978-0-87067-792-2, Much later, as the reigning King of the Blues, BB would explain that the 'blues isn't just some sad music about a broken heart, a busted dream, or a painful love affair. Blues is much more than any of these things. If I could pick three descriptions of it, I'd say it ain't nothing but living, laughing and loving'
^Oakley, Giles (1997), The Devil's Music: A History of the Blues, Da Capo Press, p. 228, ISBN978-0-306-80743-5, Inevitably called 'King of the Blues', BB King is today probably the most commercially successful blues singer with black audiences.
^"R&B and funk singer Chaka Khan is born Yvette Marie Stevens to Charles Stevens and Sandra Coleman in Chicago, Illinois. As a young woman, Chaka and her sister Taka Boom (nee Yvonne Stevens) formed a group called Shades of Black; the two also became active in Chicago's Black Panther Party. Famed as the lead singer with the 1970's funk group Rufus, Khan later became a solo artist and is widely acclaimed as the 'Queen of Funk'.", in African American History Day by Day: A Reference Guide to Events, Greenwood, 2012
^"In 1964, Khanh Ly met Trinh Cong Son, at that time a young composer, in Da Lat and they quickly became friends. Fascinated by her seductive voice, Son asked her to accompany him on his performances to Sai Gon but she turned down his request. The legacy of Ly and Son started few years later, when the singer came back to Sai Gon in 1967. In the next few decades, they sang together at several venues, including on the steps of Van Khoa University in Sai Gon, to spread Son's anti-war lyrics in the Yellow-Skin Songs collection. Their plea for peace brought them unexpected fame. From the university campuses, to the unknown farm lands, Ly was heard, known, and hailed as the "Barefoot Queen".", in Singer returns home to grace local stages, Vietnam Breaking News, 2014
^Her string of hits since the early '60s as the Empress of Soul are known in the streets of Johannesburg and around the world. They include those she recorded with and without the Pips – such as "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and "Neither One of Us." Phil Roura (September 26, 2010), "Knight on a Mission: Georgia's Soul Superstar Has New Orleans on Her Mind", Daily News, New York, p. 20
^At 65, the Empress of Soul is leaving on the Midnight Train to Georgia for the last time. Gladys Knight's "farewell tour" winds down a six-decade-long career that began with a talent contest at the age of seven. You can't blame her for wanting a rest, although, as one of the greats, she isn't bowing out quietly. For almost two hours, she conducts a "musical journey" that is both an emotional rollercoaster and a social history lesson.Dave Simpson (October 9, 2009), "Review: Pop: Gladys Knight Manchester Arena 4/5", The Guardian, p. 44, ISSN0261-3077
^"Frankie Knuckles". allmusic.co.uk. Retrieved July 2, 2012. The man many call the godfather of house, Frankie Knuckles began DJing in New York in the early '70s while still a teenager, years before the disco boom which proved to be the first flowering of modern dance music.
^Yvonne Teh. "the godfather of cantopop". bc magazine. Archived from the original on April 15, 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2010. For Koo, who credits his music studies at Berklee with having an influence 'mainly on the theory and inspiration' of his musical arrangements, went on to make such a major impact on the local popular music scene that he was bestowed the title 'The Godfather of Cantopop'
^Lindner, Emily. "Which 2004 Pop Punk Princess Are You?". Retrieved May 15, 2017. Where have all the pop punk girls gone? Sure, Avril Lavigne still reigns as queen, but when it comes to the kind of angsty, badass ladies who gave us an outlet in the early aughts, we're running short these days.
^"Lil Brianna", 24HourHipHop, 24HourHipHop.com, August 1, 2007, archived from the original on November 5, 2013, retrieved March 30, 2013, She is the acclaimed Princess of the South, the original Candy Girl before she even became an adolescent teen. All across the nation Lil Brianna has been imprinting her name all over the industry.
^Sanusi, Leke. "Cheat Sheets: Lil' Kim". Retrieved June 8, 2017. Her subsequent albums – The Notorious K.I.M, La Bella Mafia, and The Naked Truth, respectively – high-profile guest appearances, flirtations with the fashion world, brief dalliances with Hollywood and numerous beefs would only add a little more shine to her status as one of hip-hop's brightest stars; burnishing her reputation as the Queen of rap.
^Nguyen-Okwu, Leslie. "Lil' Kim still has 'em". Retrieved August 4, 2017. Lil' Kim wants to make one thing clear. She hasn't had her breast implants removed. Responding to a report in the New York Post in which the hip-hop goddess was quoted as saying she'd considered the reductions because she had backaches, she has fired off a news release.
^Lacapria, Kim. "Lil' Kim Unrecognizable At Hot 97 Event [Twitter Reacts]". Retrieved August 4, 2017. Hip-hop goddess Lil' Kim was unrecognizable, fans say, at a recent Hot 97 show — but the former flame of the late Notorious BIG and Lighters Up rapper has been on the receiving end of plastic surgery rumors for years.
^R&B Divas: LA Announces Cast, tvOne.tv, April 5, 2013, archived from the original on August 28, 2013, retrieved August 13, 2013, The power of this self-appointed 'Godmother of Hip-Hop and R&B' may take some by surprise; while many artists spin tales of their hard-knock childhoods, Lil' Mo's family was often called the 'fake Cosbys.'
^"Little Richard, Gladys Knight & The Pips Inducted Into Apollo Theater Legends Hall Of Fame; Ella Fitzgerald...", Jet, 110, p. 59, July 10, 2006, ISSN0021-5996, Called the 'Architect of Rock and Roll,' the flamboyant piano virtuoso is known for the classic hits Tutti Frutti, Long Tall Sally, Good Golly Miss Molly and Lucille.
^Carpenter, Bil (2005), Uncloudy days: the Gospel Music encyclopedia, Hal Leonard, p. 253, ISBN978-0-87930-841-4
^ abcProskocil, Niz (August 7, 2008), "Who is the queen of country?", Omaha World – Herald, p. 11, Queen of Country. The title has been bestowed on Dolly Parton, Reba McEntire, Loretta Lynn and a few other female country stars.
^"Queen for a day", Pantagraph, p. D.5, March 13, 2008, If any long-running singer deserves to wear the crown, or at least the tiara, of Queen of Country, then surely it's the Coal Miner's Daughter herself, Loretta Lynn, right? Right. (Sorry, Dolly)
^Trust, Gary (May 14, 2015). "Madonna Makes History With 45th No. 1 on Billboard's Dance Club Songs Chart". Billboard. Retrieved January 20, 2016. The Queen of Pop is now unequaled chart royalty. Madonna makes momentous Billboard chart history, as she now has the most No. 1s ever, 45, by an act on a singular Billboard chart. She earns her 45th No. 1 on Dance Club Songs, where "Ghosttown" lifts 3-1....
^Staff (September 18, 2015). "Madonna or Lady Gaga: Who Sang 'La Vie en Rose' Better? Vote for Your Favorite". Billboard. Retrieved January 30, 2016. On Madge's current tour, which just rolled through Madison Square Garden and absolutely killed, the Queen of Pop busted out another song tangentially related to Gaga – Edith Piaf's "La Vie en Rose," calling it "one of the greatest love songs ever written."....
^"Readers Poll-The Queen Of Pop". Rolling Stone. July 6, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011. 1.Madonna-To say that Madonna won this poll in a landslide would be like saying that she was a kind of popular pop singer in the 1980s. It wouldn't even begin to explain the scope of the situation. She received five times as many votes as Lady Gaga...
^"Spotlights: Singles", Billboard, 117 (44), p. 69, October 29, 2005, ISSN0006-2510, The queen of reinvention has achieved the seemingly impossible yet again
^Gallo, Carmine (2006), 10 Simple Secrets of the World's Greatest Business Communicators, Sourcebooks, p. 204, ISBN978-1-4022-0696-2, The queen of reinvention, Madonna, even named her 2004 world tour Reinvention
^"How "Rock Maestro" Bamboo Mañalac Managed To Keep His Private Life". Newzzilla. May 26, 2015. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2015. How did bamboo managed to have a private life behind the camera when he’s very famous now? In an interview during his yahoo award, the rock maestro abruptly told the press that "work is work" and "family is family," which gives us the clarification that the singer does not want to intruded in his private life in order to keep his family from the ruthless issues that the showbiz gives. When told by the press that his wife is very rich, he just gently smiled and put the topic down that clearly explains that his privacy is very important to him.
^ abAlexandra Silver (January 10, 2011), "Teena Marie", Time, retrieved January 26, 2011, Teena Marie, born Mary Christine Brockert but also known as Lady T and the Ivory Queen of Soul, was found dead Dec. 26 at 54,
^Holden, Stephen (April 19, 2012), "Reggae's Mellow King, Defined by a Legacy He Couldn't Outrun", The New York Times, Reggae's Mellow King, Defined by a Legacy He Couldn't Outrun
^"Bob Marley", The Independent, The undisputed king of reggae helped prove the instrument's versatility
^Schaults, Janine (May 20, 2009), "It's Reba, for a good cause", Chicago Tribune, p. 4, ISSN1085-6706, Through massive record sales and live shows that take on a Bruce Springsteen-like endurance, McEntire has earned her unofficial moniker as 'The Queen of Country'
^Dorian, Frederick; Simon Broughton, Mark Ellingham, James McConnachie, Richard Trillo, Orla Duane (2000), World Music: The Rough Guide, Rough Guides, p. 606, ISBN978-1-85828-636-5, In a music heavily dominated by men, Lydia Mendoza, the First Queen of Tejano Music, stands outCS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
^Ferrari, Glauco (April 8, 2012). "Italian American Celebrities – Liza". Life in Italy. lifeinitaly.com. Archived from the original on April 1, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2017. Born in L.A., she is the quintessential New Yorker, a queen of Broadway and Hollywood.
^"Kylie's back on royal form", Birmingham Post, p. 5, July 8, 2000, Once upon a time, long before anybody had even heard of Britney, Christina, Jessica or Mandy, Australian singer Kylie Minogue ruled the charts as princess of pop
^"Pick of the Day", The Mail on Sunday, London, p. 55, December 12, 2010, The queen of pop, Kylie Minogue, lines up alongside the Chelsea Pensioners and note-smashing Russell Watson to press the royal flesh ...
^バラードの女王、MISIAの歌声をいち早くフルで楽しみたい人は、さっそくダウンロードしておこう。 (Ubiquity translation: Those who want to quickly listen to the Queen of Ballads Misia's singing can immediately download the song.)MISIA、ドラマ「JIN-仁-」で話題の新曲着うたフル配信 (in Japanese). Livedoor. November 9, 2009. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
^ジャパニーズソウルの女王として圧倒的歌唱力を誇るシンガー MISIAと、日本のロックを牽引する最高のギタリスト 布袋寅泰による書き下ろし主題歌「Back In Love Again（feat.布袋寅泰）」は、堺雅人演じる右衛門佐（えもんのすけ）と菅野美穂演じる綱吉による"二人の永遠の愛"を表現。 (Ubiquity translation: Misia, the Queen of Japanese Soul known for her powerhouse vocals, and Japan's leading rock guitarist Tomoyasu Hotei wrote the theme song "Back In Love Again" to express the "eternal love" between Masato Sakai's Emonnosuke and Miho Kanno's Tsunayoshi.)MISIA×布袋寅泰 映画『大奥』主題歌で夢のコラボ実現. Billboard Japan (in Japanese). September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
^"Since her debut at age nine, she was the queen of Japanese pop music", at "The East", East Publications, University of Virginia, 25-25, p. 57, 1989
^Known as the queen of
Japanese pop music... The Japan Foundation newsletter, 17–21, The Japan Foundation, 1989, p. 6
^ abBogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra, John Bush, Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2003), All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul, Backbeat Books, p. 482, ISBN978-0-87930-744-8, Rudy Ray Moore has been called the Godfather of Rap (a title that has also been used to describe sociopolitical soulster Gil Scott-Heron).CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
^"This record was a collaboration between Philip Oakey, the big-voiced lead singer of the techno-pop band the Human League, and Giorgio Moroder, the Italian-born father of disco who spent the '80s writing synth-based pop and film music." Evan Cater. "Philip Oakey & Giorgio Moroder: Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
^Edward L. Davis (2008), Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture, Taylor & Francis, p. 567, ISBN0-415-77716-X, Anita Mui, frequently referred to as the 'Madonna of Asia', was also active in movies, like most Hong Kong pop stars
^"Mýa Does The Very First Vegan ASMR". Fuse. Retrieved October 17, 2018. The queen of throwback R&B/Hip-Hop-who dominated the late 90's/00's, by giving us hits like "My Love is Like...Wo," "Best of Me," "Girls Dem Sugar," and more recently "You Got Me" and "Damage" stopped by Fuse to give us the very first vegan ASMR.
^Hartman, Gary (2008), The history of Texas music, Texas A&M University Press, p. 52, ISBN978-1-60344-002-8, Just as millions of fans considered Selena the 'queen' of Tejano music, her closest male counterpart, Emilio Navaira, has often been called the "king" of Tejano music.
^Brackett, Donald (2007), Fleetwood Mac: 40 Years of Creative Chaos, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 159, ISBN978-0-275-99338-2, ...with Rolling Stone magazine dubbing Nicks, 'The Reigning Queen of Rock and Roll'
^"Plucking the Same Old Strings". Hindustan Times. February 6, 2009. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Take Edge of Seventeen, the elegy for John Lennon which launched the solo career of Stevie Nicks, queen of rock and roll and former better half of Fleetwood Mac.
^"Queen of folk led way for female solo singers", The Irish Times, p. 14, December 6, 2008, Odetta, who has died of kidney failure aged 77, received many honours during her life, most notably from Martin Luther King, who called her 'the queen of American folk music', and the then US president Bill Clinton, who in 1999 awarded her the National Medal of the Arts and Humanities. She had been due to sing at Barack Obama's inauguration in January.
^Kernodle, T.; Maxille, J; Price III, E.G., eds. (2010). Encyclopedia of African American Music. Oxford: Greenwood. p. 126. ISBN978-0-313-34199-1.
^"His North American breakthrough came in 1972, when he sang the role of Tonio in Donizetti's Daughter of the Regiment at New York's Metropolitan Opera. In his big number, "Pour mon ame", he had to sing nine high C's, a feat that virtually every tenor pulls off by singing falsetto. Not Pavarotti. ... He was from then on known as 'The King of the High C's'." Enman, Charles (September 7, 2007). "The King of the High C's". Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on June 27, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
^"But somewhere between his last album, "Naughty Little Doggie", and his latest one, "Avenue B", the godfather of punk turned 50...", in Christman, Ed (August 7, 1999), "Iggy Pop opens a 'window into the soul' on Virgin's contemplative 'Avenue B'", Billboard, 111, p. 14, ISSN0006-2510
^"Looking remarkably healthy for a man who nurtured a world-class drug habit for many years, the "Godfather of Punk" Iggy Pop is set to close the Other Stage on Saturday night." in "Godfather of punk still has lust for life", Western Daily Press, p. 30, June 5, 2007
^F. García, David (2006). Arsenio Rodríguez and the Transnational Flows of Latin Popular Music. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. p. 77.
^Schinder, Scott (2008), Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends who Changed Music Forever, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 2, ISBN978-0-313-33846-5, His original status as the King of Rock and Roll has never been seriously challenged, and he's remained a bottomless source of inspiration for the generations of rock and rollers who've taken up the cause in the decades since that July night in Memphis
^Gumbrecht, Jamie (July 24, 2003), "5 Questions For... Lisa Marie Presley", The Atlanta Journal- Constitution, p. 35, ISSN1539-7459, It was only a matter of time before the Princess of Rock 'n' Roll decided to rely on her royal bloodline and make a music career
^"Sheryn Regis to hold benefit concert in Carcar". Sun Star Cebu. October 8, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2015. "We are elated that the Crystal Voice of Asia, a native Carcaranon, will be coming here for a homecoming concert for the on-going church restoration project," said Merlea A. Cabalquinto, ASSCA Parish Pastoral Council president.
^"'Queen of Rave' at Zeros", The Herald, September 22, 2009, Rave fave Rozalla has a Plymouth date. The Zambian-born singer, who has seven top 30 hits to her name, plays Zeros on Saturday, October 3. She enjoyed her biggest hits with Everybody's Free (number six) and Faith (11) in 1991. Her album, with the same title as the top 10 single, earned her the tag the Queen of Rave
^"'He is the most imitated, most listened to, most recognized, voice of the second half of the twentieth century,' the New York disk jockey William B. Williams said in the fifties, tagging him forever with the epithet Chairman of the Board", in J. Lahr, Show and Tell: New Yorker Profiles (University of California Press, 2002), p. 52.
^Morris, Chris (May 30, 1998). "Remembering the Voice". Billboard. 110 (22): 21.
^"Nina Simone (Eunice Waymon), who long shared the title 'Queen of Soul' with Aretha Franklin", in M. Ellison, Extensions of the Blues (J. Calder, 1989), ISBN0-7145-3717-9, p. 94.
^ ab"Bessie Smith became the 'Empress of the Blues' based on her strong vocal abilities...When Nina Simone 'the High Priestess of Soul' performed at the Academy" in M. E. Bratcher, Words and songs of Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, and Nina Simone: sound motion, blues spirit, and African memory: Studies in African American history and culture (Routledge, 2007), p. 2.
^"SACC showcase: Dato' Siti Nurhaliza and Krisdayanti". New Straits Times. April 10, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2013. Dato' Siti Nurhaliza is a multiple-award winning Malaysian pop singer-songwriter who has garnered more than 100 local awards. Known as the Voice of Asia, Siti has recorded more than 30 albums including singles. She is also known to have the most number one singles than any other artist in Malaysia.
^Often referred to in interviews, cover stories and promotional material as the new 'princess of pop' Susan Hopkins (2002), Girl Heroes: The New Force In Popular Culture, University of Michigan Press, p. 60
^"Eminem wins best music video award". CBBC Newsround. BBC. August 30, 2002. Retrieved January 12, 2010. ... the queen of pop, Britney Spears awarded the king of pop, Michael Jackson the 'Artist of the Millennium' award
^Martin Charles Strong; John Peel (2004), The Great Rock Discography, Canongate Books, pp. 1, 423, ISBN978-1-84195-615-2, Spears proved to audiences universally that she was, like Madonna in her heyday, the new publicly appointed 'Queen of Pop'
^"The artists defining dancehall that you need to know". Anna Cafolla. Dazed. September 9, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2017. She’s been in the game since she was 17, performing on local cable TV stations, and her debut EP So Mi Like It put Spice up on the pedestal she deserves as the contemporary queen of dancehall.
^"Following her frequent trips to the US, she took to the black American music of Motown and was dubbed the White Queen of Soul." at Obituary: Cancer claims 'White Queen of Soul', BBC News, March 3, 1999, retrieved February 10, 2009
^Shuker, Roy (2001), Understanding Popular Music, Routledge, p. 123, ISBN978-0-415-23509-9, Initially a cult figure, by 1985, 'The Boss', as he became known to his fans, was the world's most successful white rock star since Elvis.
^Widmer, Mary Lou (2000), New Orleans in the Sixties, Pelican Publishing Company, p. 86, ISBN978-1-58980-620-7, Irma Thomas was then a young vocalist with a nice smile who would be known for the next thirty years as the Soul Queen of New Orleans
^Goodwin, Clayton (May 2, 2007), "Win The last tickets to see Justin", Daily Record, p. 15, Prince of Pop Justin Timberlake strolls into town this week for three incredible dates at the SECC as part of his 2007 FutureSex/ Love Show – and you can be there, courtesy of our friends at Sony Ericsson and Vodafone.
^"Rencenty the Godfather of Punk has been more forthcoming about his spiritual beliefs" in G. Giuliano, Behind Blue Eyes: The Life of Pete Townshend (Cooper Square Press, 2002), ISBN1-4617-3196-8, p. 268.
^"...line for a cure from the local miracle worker, or to a Gloria Trevi rock concert to hear the scandalous Mexican Madonna's" in Carlos Monsivìs: Culture and Chronicle in Contemporary Mexico (University of Arizona Press, 2001)
^Collins, Nancy. "Tina Turner: Queen of Rock & Roll". Rolling Stone. October 23, 1986. Retrieved May 4, 2017. In a business known for its exploitation of women, Tina Turner has managed, for over twenty years, to retain not only the adoration of her fans but the admiration of her peer group, male and female. She is nothing if not a survivor.
^Cosgrove, Ben. "Tina Turner: Unpublished Photos of the Queen of Rock 'n' Roll". Time. November 10, 2014. Retrieved May 4, 2017. Some performers are so intense, so inimitable, that trying capture their appeal in mere words is the proverbial exercise in futility. For example, David Bowie probably came closest to summing up Tina Turner's fiery, un-sum-up-able persona when he famously said, after joining her onstage in Birmingham, England, during the final concert of her 1985 British tour: "Standing up there next to her was the hottest place in the universe."
^Biography.com, Editors. "Tina Turner Biography.com". Biography (TV series). April 28, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017. In 2008, the iconic entertainer embarked on her "Tina! 50th Anniversary Tour," which became one of the highest-selling ticketed shows of 2008 and 2009. She announced that it would be her final tour, and essentially retired from the music business save for occasional appearances and recordings. Turner has nonetheless continued to be a luminary of the musical world, appearing on the cover of a 2013 Dutch Vogue that was widely shared.
^McClellan, Laura. "Top 10 Shania Twain Songs". Taste of Country. Retrieved September 10, 2014. The Canadian country-pop queen reigned the airwaves in the mid-to-late-'90s, blasting out woman-empowering anthems and sensitive ballads that consistently climbed the charts and left fans wanting more.
^Vinson, Christina (July 9, 2014). "Shania Twain 'Looking at Dates' for Tour". Taste of Country. Retrieved September 10, 2014. The singer — dubbed Queen of Country-Pop and a Caesars Palace staple for years now — has made some exciting progress in the touring and new music realm.
^John Farley, Christopher (September 15, 2001). "Diva on Campus". Time. pp. Splash. Retrieved July 11, 2011. She's virtually unknown in the U.S., but Hikaru, 18, is Japan's biggest pop star. The Japanese media sing her praises: (...) THE DIVA OF THE HEISEI PERIOD! The Japanese public devours her music: her debut CD, First Love (1999), sold more than 9.5 million copies, making it the best-selling album in Japanese history.
^Larkin, Colin (1992), The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, p. 2662, ISBN1-882267-00-1, In 1952, Kitty Wells was named the Queen Of Country Music by Fred Rose...
^Mazor, Barry (October 1, 2008), "Music: The Queen of Country Music Holds Court", The Wall Street Journal, p. D.9, ISSN0099-9660, A crown, presented to the singer in 1973, is among the costumes, awards, mementos and other artefacts now on display in 'Kitty Wells, Queen of Country Music', a career-spanning biographical exhibit at Nashville's Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum running through next June.
^"Jackie Wilson, Jackie (Jack Leroy Wilson, "Mr. Excitement") (1934–1984)" in S. Otfinoski, African Americans in the Performing Arts A to Z of African Americans
(Infobase Publishing, 2010), ISBN1-4381-2855-X, p. 253.
^John Bush. "Xuxa – Music Biography, Credits and Discography: AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved October 14, 2013. For the past three decades she has been known in Brazil as Children's Queen and has sold more than 30 million albums in the country all alone. In the early 1990s her fame crossed her country's borders and Xuxa became famous in all of Latin America and later she was invited to come to the US to present her own TV series, but it was recorded and the show lasted only one season consisting of 65 episodes. [Xuxa (TV Series)]
^Echard, William (2005), Neil Young and the Poetics of Energy, Indiana University Press, p. 43, ISBN978-0-253-21768-4, It had already been noted that Neil Young was an important influence on grunge musicians, and in the mid-1990s it became common to see Neil Young described as 'the godfather of grunge'