List of hospitals and hospital ships of the Royal Navy

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HMHS is an acronym for His/Her Majesty's Hospital Ship.

Early modern era[edit]

Seventeenth century[edit]

The earliest record of British hospital ship was Goodwill, which briefly accompanied a Royal Navy squadron in the Mediterranean in 1608 or 1609.[1][2] From 1665 the Royal Navy formally maintained two hospital ships at any time, these being either hired merchant ship or elderly sixth rates, modified from their original design by the removal of internal bulkheads and addition of ports cut through the deck and hull for ventilation. The limit of two hospital ships at a time remained in place until the Nine Years' War at century's end. In 1691 there were four hospital ships in service, rising to five in 1693 and six in 1696.[1]

In addition to their sailing crew, these seventeenth century hospital ships were staffed by a surgeon and four surgeon's mates. Standard medical supplies were bandages, soap, needles and bedpans, and patients were issued with a clean pair of sheets. Infectious patients were quarantined from the general population behind a sheet of canvas. In addition to her sailing crew, each vessel was staffed with a surgeon and four surgeon's mates. The quality of food was very poor. In the 1690s the surgeon aboard Siam complained that the meat was in an advanced state of putrefaction, the biscuits were weevil-ridden and bitter, and the bread was so hard that it stripped the skin from patient's mouths.[1]

Vessel name Tons burthen Guns Crew Hospital service
Goodwill not recorded not recorded not recorded 1608 or 1609
Joseph 101 4 30-40 1665
Loyal Catherine[a] 298 36-40 35 1665-1666
Maryland Merchant not recorded 41 40 1666
John's Advice 330 16 40-54 1672-1674
Unity 118 6-8 not recorded 1683
Welcome 78 10 not recorded 1683
Helderenberg 242 18-30 50 1688
Concord 352 22-30 45 1690-1695
Society 357 22-30 45 1690-1697
Baltimore 300/324 20 45 1691
Spencer 245 20 40-45 1691
London Merchant 250 22-30 30-45 1692-1696
Siam 333 22-30 45-58 1693-1697[b]
Bristol 532 20 40-45 1692-1694, 1696-1697
Josiah 664 30 30 1696
Muscovy Merchant 250 24 45 1696
London Merchant 250 22-30 30-45 1692-1696

Eighteenth century[edit]

Vessel name Tons burthen Guns Crew Hospital service
Lewis 460 42 50 1701
Suffolk (frigate) 477 8-30 50-70 1701, 1713
Siam 333 2-30 45-58 1702-1703[b]
Antelope 550 24-30 60-83 1702-1703, 1706-1708
Princess Anne 484 24-30 70-83 1702-1706
Jeffreys 513 20-26 60-73 1702-1708
Sarah and Betty 370 24 45-58 1702-1703
Smyrna Factor 355 24 45-50 1702-1703, 1705-1709
Suffolk (hoy) not recorded 10-30 80 1703-1704
Matthews not recorded not recorded 50-60 1705-1708
Martha not recorded 22 70-80 1707-1710
Leake not recorded 14 50-80 1708-1711
Arundel not recorded not recorded not recorded 1709
Pembroke not recorded 28 60-95 1709-1713
Delicia not recorded 22 63-65 1710-1713
Looe 553 12-42 60 1717-1718
Portsmouth not recorded not recorded not recorded 1731
Princess Royal 541 18 77 1740-1741
Scarborough 501 18 60 1740-1744
Nabob 637 26 72 1779-1783
Lioness 711 26 72 1780-1783

Boxer Rebellion[edit]

Second Boer War[edit]

  • HMHS Avoca
  • HMHS Dunera
  • HMHS Lismore Castle
  • HMHS Maine
  • HMHS Nubia
  • HMHS Orcana
  • HMHS Princess of Wales
  • HMHS Simla
  • HMHS Spartan
  • HMHS Trojan

World War I[edit]

Russian Civil War[edit]

Former Royal Naval Hospitals[edit]

World War II[edit]

  • HMHS Aba
  • HMHS Amarapoora
  • HMHS Amsterdam
  • HMHS Atlantis
  • HMHS Brighton
  • HMHS Cap St Jacques
  • HMHS Chantilly
  • HMHS Dinard
  • HMHS Dorsetshire
  • HMHS Duke of Argyll
  • HMHS Duke of Lancaster
  • HMHS Duke of Rothesay
  • HMHS El Nil
  • HMHS Gerusalemme
  • HMHS Isle of Guernsey
  • HMHS Isle of Jersey
  • HMHS Karapara
  • HMHS Karoa
  • HMHS Lady Connaught
  • HMHS Lady Nelson
  • HMHS Leinster
  • HMHS Letitia
  • HMHS Llandovery Castle
  • HMHS Maid of Kent
  • HMHS Manunda
  • HMHS Maunganui
  • HMHS Naushon
  • HMHS Newfoundland
  • HMHS Oxfordshire
  • HMHS Paris
  • HMHS Prague
  • HMHS St Andrew
  • HMHS St David
  • HMHS St Julien
  • HMHS Tairea
  • HMHS Talamba
  • HMHS Takliwa
  • HMHS Vasna
  • HMHS Vita
  • HMHS Wanganella
  • HMHS Worthing

Falklands War hospital ships[edit]

RFA hospital ships[edit]

Citations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Or Loyal Katherine[3]
  2. ^ a b Siam served as a hospital ship twice, from 1693 to 1697 and, after reconditioning, from 1702-1703.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sutherland Shaw, J.J. (1936). "The Hospital Ship, 1608–1740". The Mariner's Mirror. 22 (4): 422–426. doi:10.1080/00253359.1936.10657206. 
  2. ^ Oppenheim, M. (1896). A History of the Administration of the Royal Navy and of Merchant Shipping in Relation to the Navy. 1. The Bodley Head. p. 188. OCLC 506062953. 
  3. ^ Winfield, Rif (2009). British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1603-1714: Design, Construction, Careers and fates. Seaforth. p. 276. ISBN 9781848320406. 
  4. ^ Henneberry, Allan (2008). Wreck Diving Tales: Diving Nova Scotia's Shipwrecks. Atlantis Marine. pp. 1–5. ISBN 9780595613564. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Jonathan C. (2016). "Canadian Military Hospitals at Sea 1914-1919" (PDF). Royal Canadian Medical Service Association. Retrieved 18 December 2016.