List of hot springs

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Thermal hot spring, Morning Glory Pool

There are hot springs on all continents and in many countries around the world. Countries that are renowned for their hot springs include Turkey, Honduras, Canada, Chile, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Taiwan, New Zealand, India, Romania, Fiji and the United States, but there are interesting and unique hot springs in many other places as well.

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Eswatini (Swaziland)[edit]

There are thirteen developed and undeveloped hot spring pools in Eswatini (Swaziland). All are sulphur springs with temperatures ranging from 26 °C to 52 °C.[2]

  • Mkoba spring
  • Mvuntshini spring
  • Ezulwini spring
  • Lobamba spring
  • Mawelawela spring
  • Ngwempisi spring
  • Mpopoma spring
  • Mbondela spring
  • Madubula spring
  • Fairview spring
  • Siphofaneni spring
  • Mbekelweni spring
  • Mbikwakhe hot spring

Ethiopia[edit]

Dallol Hot Spring
Dallol Volcano - lake with hot springs

Morocco[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

Rwanda[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Brandvlei, Worcester area, Western Cape

Goudini Spa, Worcester area, Western Cape Montagu, Western Cape

Tanzania[edit]

Chemka Hot Springs

Tunisia[edit]

Uganda[edit]

A scholarly paper with a map of over twenty geothermal areas in Uganda.

Zambia[edit]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Americas[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Brazil is home of the world's largest hot spring resort in the city of Caldas Novas.

Canada[edit]

Alberta[edit]

British Columbia[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Saskatchewan[edit]

Yukon[edit]

Chile[edit]

Hot spring geyser vent surrounded by yellow rocks in the El Tatio geothermal field, Chile

There are more than 275 hot springs registered in Chile.

Colombia[edit]

  • Termales del Nevado del Ruiz, Manizales
  • Termales del Otoño, Manizales, Caldas.
  • Termales El Escondite, Samaná, Caldas.
  • Termales de Santa Mónica, Choachi, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales del Zipa, Tabio, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales de Tenjo, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales de Machetá, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales Aguas Calientes, vía al Llano, Cundinamarca.
  • Termales de San Vicente, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda.
  • Termales de Santa Rosa, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Risaralda.
  • Termales Tambujina, La Cruz, Narino.
  • Termales Cascada Zetaquira, Boyaca
  • Termales de Paipa, Boyaca
  • Termales de Iza, Boyaca
  • Termales de Las Juntas, Ibague, Tolima.
  • Termales Agua Hirviendo, Puracé, Cauca.
  • Aguas Termales El Raizón, Norte de Santander.

Costa Rica[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Hydrothermal baths in Baños de Agua Santa, Ecuador.

El Salvador[edit]

Greenland[edit]

There are numerous hot springs in Greenland:

Guatemala[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Peru[edit]

Hot Springs in the region of Ayacucho.

United States[edit]

USA geothermal springs

Alaska[edit]

Arizona[edit]

Arkansas[edit]

California[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Pagosa Hot Spring, Colorado

Florida[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Idaho[edit]

Illinois[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

Montana[edit]

Nevada[edit]

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Hot Lake Hotel built in 1906 in Hot Lake, Oregon. The resort became a worldwide attraction for its geothermal mineral waters.

South Dakota[edit]

Texas[edit]

Utah[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

Wyoming[edit]

A list of 1661 hot springs in the United States can be found on the NOAA Thermal Springs List for the United States.[10] The same list with added notes and links can be found on the USA Hotsprings Database.[11]

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Antarctica[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bhutan[edit]

China[edit]

India[edit]

A young Hindu priest performing religious rituals at Taptapani hot spring in India

Assam[edit]

Bihar[edit]

Gujarat[edit]

Geological Survey of India has found 17 hot springs in Gujarat:[17]

Haryana[edit]

  • Sohna hot spring, Located in Sohna, Gurgaon it is 56 kilometres (35 mi) from Delhi.

Himachal Pradesh[edit]

Hot springs at Manikaran,Himachal Pradesh
Hot Springs near Manali. 2020

Jammu & Kashmir[edit]

  • Tatapani, Barmandal Kalakot Rajouri Jammu and Kashmir.

Jharkhand[edit]

Karnataka[edit]

Ladakh[edit]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

Maharashtra[edit]

Odisha[edit]

Sikkim[edit]

  • Sikkim has many hot springs including:
    • Phurchachu (Reshi)
    • Yumthang
    • Borang
    • Ralang
    • Taram-chu
    • Yumey Samdong.
  • All these hot springs have high sulfur content and are located near the river banks. The average temperature of the water in these hot springs is 50 °C (122 °F).

West Bengal[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Bali[edit]

  • Banyuwedang (Gerokgak, Buleleng)
  • Yeh Panes Panetahan (Tabanan Regency)

Java[edit]

Lesser Sunda Islands[edit]

Maluku Islands[edit]

Sumatra[edit]

  • Gemuhak, Muara Anip Regency, South Sumatra
  • Semurup, Air Hangat Subdistrict, Kerinci
  • Danau Linting (Hot Spring Lake about 8000 m2 near tiga juhar village), Deli Serdang, North Sumatera.
  • Dolok Tinggi Raja white crater, Simalungun District, North Sumatera. Dubbed mini Pamukkale or mini Yellowstone.
  • Sibayak Hot Spring (at Lau Debuk-Debuk Village), Karo District, North Sumatera.
  • Sei Wampu Hot Spring (White Water Hot Spring at Wampu River near Marike Estate of PTPN II), Langkat, North Sumatera.
  • Sei Batang Serangan Hot Spring (at Ekowisata Tangkahan), Langkat, North Sumatera.
  • Tarutung Hot Spring (many Hot Spring Like Hutabarat, Sipaholon), North Tapanuli, North Sumatera.
  • Ie Seum (Aceh Language: Hot Water), near Port Malayahati Krueng Raya, Aceh Besar, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.

Israel[edit]

Hamat Gader during the day.

Iran[edit]

Japan[edit]

Izu Province, The Hot Springs of the Shuzen Temple woodcut by Utagawa Hiroshige

Being located in the "Pacific Ring of Fire", Japan is in a volcanic region, and is home to many hot springs. The onsen (a Japanese word for "hot spring") plays a notable role in Japanese culture.

In March 2003 it was reported that there were 3,102 spa resorts in 2,292 municipalities in Japan. There were also 15,400 lodging facilities with 6,740 public hot spring baths. About 138 million people a year visit these facilities.[21]

Noted hot springs areas in Japan

Disputed territory between Japan and Russia

Korea[edit]

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Various hot springs, all nonvolcanic. They include –

Johor[edit]

  • Grisek, 10 km from Parit Jawa, Muar district
  • Labis

Kedah[edit]

  • Air hangat, Langkawi

Malacca[edit]

Negeri Sembilan[edit]

  • Pedas Hot Spring
  • Chengkau Hot Spring

Pahang[edit]

  • Bentong
  • Gunung Tapis, Sungai Lembing

Perak[edit]

  • Sg Klah, developed commercially
  • Kampung Ulu Slim
  • Lost World Of Tambun- HotSprings & Spa
  • Mangong, Kuala Kangsar
  • Ayer Panas, Grik
  • Pengkalan Hulu

Sabah[edit]

  • Poring hot springs, Kinabalu National Park

Sarawak[edit]

  • Annah Rais Hot Springs, Padawan
  • Kampung Panchor Dayak, Padawan
  • Paku Hotspring, Bau

Selangor[edit]

  • Selayang, 15 km north of Kuala Lumpur
  • Kalumpang, south of Tanjung Malim, north of Kerling
  • Ulu Tamu, near Tanjung Malim
  • Kerling, near Batang Kali

Terengganu[edit]

  • LA hot spring, Besut

Nepal[edit]

  • Hotiyana in Sankhuwasabha, Koshi zone, Eastern Nepal.
  • Syabrubesi and Chilime in Rasuwa, North of Kathmandu.
  • Bhurung, Do Khola, Singha, Chhumrung and Dhadkharka in Myagdi district.
  • Jomsom and Dhima in Mustang.
  • Chame and La Ta in Manang district.
  • Bhulbhule Khar in Tanahu district.
  • Tapoban in Bajhang district.
  • Dhanachauri (Luma) and Tila river in Jumla.
  • Srikaar, Sina and Chamlaiya in Darchula.
  • Riar, Saghu Khola, Sarai Khola in Middle development region of Nepal.

Oman[edit]

Athawarah Hot Spring

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

  • Mainit Hot Spring
  • Mambukal Mountain Resort: hot soda and sulfur springs slightly above 30 °C.
  • Puning Hot Spring, in Sitio Puning, Barangay Inararo, Municipality of Porac, Pampanga Province; accessed through Sitio Target, Barangay Sapang Bato, Angeles City

Singapore[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

About 10 thermal springs have been identified in Sri Lanka.[22]

  • Rankihiriya
  • Kanniya Hot water spring
  • Nelumwewa/Galwewa
  • Mutugalwela
  • Kapurella
  • Maha-oya
  • Marangala
  • Embilinne
  • Kivulegama
  • Maha-pelessa

Taiwan[edit]

Yangmingshan hot springs in Taiwan

Thailand[edit]

  • Thai Prachan Hot Spring
  • Bo Khloung Hot Stream
  • Ban Pong Krathing Hot Spring (Ban Bueng Hot Spring)
  • Pong Krathing Hot Spring
  • Jae Son hot spring
  • Muang Paeng hot spring
  • Pa Bong hot spring
  • Ban Huay Zai Kao Hot Spring
  • Wieng Pa Pao hot spring
  • Rung Arun hot spring
  • Krabi hot spring (Nuae Khlong)
  • Khlong Thom hot stream (hot spring)

Tibet Autonomous Region[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

There are over 280 hot springs in Vietnam.[23]

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

  • Banjat e Bënjës, near Petran

Azores[edit]

Hot springs - Azores
  • São Miguel island hot springs[24]
    • Caldeira Velha, near Lagoa do Fogo nature park with two thermal springs
    • Poca da Dona Beija, 82 °F to 102 °F
    • Ponta da Ferraria, hot springs cove with underwater hydrothermal vents at the ocean front
    • Terra Nostra Park, 95 to 113°F, soaking pool built in 1700s
    • Caldeira das Furnas, high sulphur content with characteristic sulphuric scent

Belgium[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

  • Aachen, 74 degrees C, 165 degrees F
  • Bad Oeynhausen, 36 degrees C, 97 degrees F, with a depth of 725 m and 3000 L/min largest carbonated brine water source in the world.[25]
  • Wiesbaden, 66 degrees C, 151 degrees F

Greece[edit]

Spring Region Temperature °C
Max(Min)
Type of mineral spring[26] Alleged therapeutic properties[27]
Agiasmata spring Chios 57.5 Endocrine and musculoskeletal system, degenerative arthritis, rheumatisms, spondyloarthritis, lumbago, sciatica, ankylosis, gynecological ailments, vasculopathies, tendonitis etc.
Agios Fokas Kos 46(45) Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Agistro [1] Serres 39(34) Hydrotherapy for rheumatism
Apollonas Thermon Saline Spring Ikaria 47.8 Radioactive
Asclepius Saline Spring Ikaria 40 Radioactive super warm spring
Eftalou Lesvos 46(43) Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, lumbago, neuralgia, lymphatism, kidney grains, cholelithiasis, gynecological ailments, chest ailments, myositis, chronic degenerative arthritis, injuries, post surgery phase for hemorrhoids, paradontopathia, leucorrhea, skin ailments
Edipsos Evia 80(57) Saline water spring Chronic rheumatisms, degenerative arthritis, spondyloarthritis, neuritis, sciatica, lumbago, post trauma ankylosis and deformations, gynecological ailments
Eleftheron thermal spa Kavala Alkaline saline water spring
Genisaia (Potamia) Xanthi 70(55) Chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis, allergic skin ailments
Kaiafas Ilia 33.5(32) H2S saline water spring Rheumatisms, autoimmune ailments, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, fibromyalgia, skin ailments
The spa facility in Kaiafas
Kalymnos Kalymnos 38.1 Arthritis, rheumatisms, sciatica, lumbago
Kamena Vourla Fthiotida 42(30) Radioactive saline water spring Balneotherapy for ailments of the musculoskeletal and integumentary system
Kimolos Kimolos 46
Kolpou Geras Lesvos 39.7 Rheumatisms, arthritis, neurological ailments, chronic injuries
Kyllini Ilia H2S saline water
Kythnos Kyklades 38–52 Chalybeate acid water spring Chronic and subacute rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, arthritis, neuralgia, skin ailments, cervical syndrome, lumbago- sciatica etc. syndromes, chronic gout
Agioi Anargyroi saline spring: 38 °C; Kakavos ferrous spring:52 °C
Lagadas [2] Thessaloniki 39 Akratothermi Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological disorders, skin diseases, kidney diseases
Lakkos Adamanta Kyklades (Milos) 38 Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, neuralgia, neuritis
Lefkada's Thermo Saline Spring Ikaria 58
Loutraki Korinthia 30 Slightly warm – saline water, hypotonic Hydrotherapy for chronic rheumatisms, chronic rheumatoid arthritis, spondylarthrite, sciatica, infections of the skin, allergic skin ailments, psoriasis, eczema
Mandraki Nisyros 48 Rheumatisms, arthritis, gynecological ailments, ailments of the circulatory system
Methana Attiki Sulphurous brine water spring, warm
Nea Apollonia Thessaloniki 57(38) Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological disorders, fractures, sprains[27]
Nigrita's Thermes Serres 56(25) Alkaline carbonated water spring Balneotherapy for arthritis, rheumatisms, skin ailments, gynecological ailments. Mineral water drinking therapy for ailments of the gastrointestinal system
Palia Kameni hot springs Kyklades (Santorini)
Paranesti Thermia Drama 54
Platystomo Fthiotida 32 Alkaline sulphurous spring Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthritis, skin ailments, gynecological ailments
Polichnitos Lesvos 92(67) Rheumatisms, arthritis, sciatica, gynecological ailments, neuritis, skin ailments
Pozar Spa [3] Pella 37 Balneotherapy for rheumatism, arthritis, peripheral nerve disorders, gynecological and skin diseases, sprains, fractures
Psarotherma Samothraki 100 Rheumatoid arthritis, chronic rheumatisms, gynecological ailments, peripheral vasculopathies, secondary skin ailments, obesity
Sedes Thessaloniki 38(32) Rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the peripheral nerves, skin ailments, post trauma conditions, gynecological ailments.
Sidirokastro Serres 55(43.7) Rheumatisms, spondylitis, spilled disc, neuralgia, myalgia, sciatica, joint ailments, gynecological ailments
Smokovo Karditsa 42 Alkaline sulphurous spring Chronic rheumatisms, arthritis, ailments of the respiratory system, ailments of the digestive system, skin ailments, endocrine failures, gynecological ailments
Spilaio Ikarias Ikaria 54
Therma Lemnou [4] Lemnos 43(39) Hydrotherapy for rheumatisms, arthropathy, arthritis, osteoporosis, spondyloarthritis, kidney stones, cholelithiasis
Thermopylae spring Fthiotida 40 H2S saline water spring, warm Rheumatisms, gynecological ailments and ailments of the peripheral nerves
Traianoupoli Evros 52(51) Balneotherapy for ailments of the integumentary system and the musculoskeletal system, as well as for rheumatisms and autoimmune diseases
Vouliagmeni Attiki Saline water spring, hypertonic
Ypati Baths Fthiotida 32 H2S saline water spring Ailments and syndromes of the vessels, arterial hypertension, ailments of the heart and the skin, chronic ailments of the nervous system

Hungary[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Deildartunguhver, Iceland: the highest flow hot spring in Europe
Hot spring at volcano Leirhnjukur, Iceland

Italy[edit]

North Macedonia[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Iturup Baransky volcano Hot Springs

Serbia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

123 hot springs with temperature above 25 degrees C (77 degrees F).[32]

Thermal water park in Bešeňová, Slovakia

Spain[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

There are many geothermal springs in the UK, but the hot springs found in the town of Bath, Somerset[41][42][43][44] are the only true hot springs (defined as those hotter than 37 degrees C):

  • Bath
    • Cross Bath, 42.8 °C, 109 °F
    • Stall Street Fountain, 45.4 °C, 113.7 °F
    • Hetling Spring, 45.4 °C, 113.7 °F
    • King's Bath, 45.6 °C, 114 °F
    • Hot Bath, 47.2 °C, 117 °F

Other thermal or warm springs in the UK include:[43]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Hot springs can be found in all six states of Australia as well as the Northern Territory; but apparently not Australian Capital Territory.[51]

Fiji[edit]

Hot springs are in the town of Savusavu where local people use the hot springs to cook their food. Some of the springs are situated on the beach and steam can be seen rising from the water at low tide.

New Zealand[edit]

Excavations on Hot Water Beach, New Zealand
New Zealand Ngāwhā Hot Springs

There are numerous hot springs in New Zealand, predominantly in the Taupō Volcanic Zone, and in particular around Rotorua. Well known springs outside the Taupō Volcanic Zone include:

Hot springs in the Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley include:

Hot springs parks[edit]

It is common to create parks around hot springs:

United States

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  57. ^ "Lassen Volcanic National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  58. ^ "Yellowstone National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  59. ^ "Big Bend National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  60. ^ "Olympic National Park (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2016-03-16. Retrieved 2017-04-25.

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML