List of human anatomical regions

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This illustration labeled regions of the human body show an anterior and posterior view of the body.

Regions[edit]

  • The cranial region encompasses the upper part of the head while the
  • facial region encompasses the lower half of the head beginning below the ears.
  • The forehead is referred to as the frontal region.
  • The eyes are referred to as the orbital or ocular region.
  • The cheeks are referred to as the buccal region.
  • The ears are referred to as the auricle or otic region.
  • The nose is referred to as the nasal region.
  • The mouth is referred to as the oral region.
  • The chin is referred to as the mental region.
  • The neck is referred to as the cervical region.

The trunk of the body contains, from superior to inferior,

  • the thoracic region encompassing the chest
  • the mammary region encompassing each breast
  • the sternal region encompassing the sternum
  • the abdominal region encompassing the stomach area
  • the umbilicus, or naval, is located at the center of the abdomen.[dubious ]
  • the coxal region encompassing the belt line
  • the pubic region encompassing the area above the genitals.

The pelvis and legs contain, from superior to inferior,

  • the inguinal or groin region between the legs and the genitals,
  • the pubic region surrounding the genitals,
  • the femoral region encompassing the thighs,
  • the patellar region encompassing the knee,
  • the crural region encompassing the shin area of the leg,
  • the fibular region encompassing the outside of the lower leg,
  • the tarsal region encompassing the ankle,
  • the pedal region encompassing the foot
  • the digital/phalangeal region encompassing the toes.
  • The great toe is referred to as the hallux.

The regions of the upper limbs, from superior to inferior, are

  • the axillary region encompassing the armpit,
  • the brachial region encompassing the upper arm,
  • the antecubital region encompassing the front of the elbow,
  • the antebrachial region encompassing the forearm,
  • the carpal region encompassing the wrist,
  • the palmar region encompassing the palm,
  • the digital/phalangeal region encompassing the fingers.
  • The thumb is referred to as the pollex.

The posterior view contains, from superior to inferior,

  • the cervical region encompassing the neck,
  • the scapular region encompassing the scapulae and the area around,
  • the dorsal region encompassing the upper back
  • the lumbar region encompassing the lower back.
  • the sacral region occurring at the end of the spine, directly above the buttocks.

The regions of the back of the arms, from superior to inferior, include

  • the cervical region encompassing the neck,
  • the acromial region encompassing the shoulder,
  • the brachial region encompassing the upper arm,
  • the olecranal region encompassing the back of the elbow,
  • the antebrachial region encompasses the back of the arm
  • and the manual or manus region encompassing the back of the hand.

The posterior regions of the legs, from superior to inferior, include

  • the gluteal region encompassing the buttocks,
  • the femoral region encompassing the thigh,
  • the popliteal region encompassing the back of the knee,
  • the sural region encompassing the back of the lower leg,
  • the calcaneal region encompassing the heel,
  • the plantar region encompassing the sole of the foot.

Some regions are combined into larger regions. These include the trunk, which is a combination of the thoracic, mammary, abdominal, naval, and coxal regions. The cephalic region is a combination of all of the head regions. The upper limb region is a combination of all of the arm regions. The lower limb region is a combination of all of the leg regions.

Deprecated or older regions[edit]

Older set of terminology shown in Parts of the Human Body: Posterior and Anterior View from the 1933 edition of Sir Henry Morris' Human Anatomy.

Many of these terms are Latin terms that have fallen into disuse.

Front:

  • Frons - forehead
  • Facies - face
  • Pectus - breast
  • Latus - flank
  • Coxa - hip
  • Genu - knee
  • Pes - foot

Back:

  • Vertex - Crown [a]
  • Occiput - back of head
  • Collum - neck
  • Dorsum - back [b]
  • Lumbus - loin
  • Natis - buttock
  • Calx - heel

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Still used to describe the head of a fetus.
  2. ^ No longer used commonly as an anatomical region, but still used as a term to describe relative location