List of human blood components

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Compound Comments In whole blood (g/cm³) In plasma or serum (g/cm³)
Water Solvent 0.81-0.86 0.93-0.95
Acetoacetate Produced in liver 8-40 ×107 4-43 ×107
Acetone product of bodyfat breakdown 3-20 ×106
Acetylcholine Neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system 6.6-8.2 ×108
Adenosine triphosphate Energy storage
total 3.1-5.7 ×104
phosphorus 5-10 ×105
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone Stimulates the adrenal cortex 2.5-12 ×1011
@ 6AM, mean 5.5 ×1011
@ 6AM, maximum 12 ×1011
@ 6PM, mean 3.5 ×1011
@ 6PM, maximum <7.5 ×1011
Alanine Amino acid 2.7-5.5 ×105 2.4-7.6 ×105
Albumin Blood plasma protein 3.5-5.2 ×102
Aluminum 1-40 ×108 1-88 ×108
Aldosterone Regulates electrolyte balance
supine 3-10 ×1011
standing, male 6-22 ×1011
standing, female 5-30 ×1011
Amino acids Protein building blocks
total 3.8-5.3 ×104
nitrogen 4.6-6.8 ×105 3.0-5.5 ×105
alpha-Aminobutyric acid 1-2 ×106 1-2 ×106
d-Aminolevulinic acid 1.5-2.3 ×107
Ammonia nitrogen 1-2 ×106 1.0-4.9 ×107
cAMP Intracellular signal transduction molecule
male 5.6-10.9 ×109
female 3.6-8.9 ×109
Androstenedione Steroid hormone
male >18 yrs 2-30 ×1010
female >18 yrs 8-30 ×1010
Androsterone Steroid hormone 1.5 ×107
Angiotensin I Angiotensin II precursor 1.1-8.8 ×1011
Angiotensin II Vasoconstrictor 1.2-3.6 ×1011
Alpha 1-antitrypsin Serine protease inhibitor 7.8-20 ×104
Arginine Amino acid 6-17 ×106 1.3-3.6 ×105
Arsenic normal range 2-62 ×109
chronic poisoning 100-500 ×109
acute poisoning 600-9300 ×109
Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) Important vitamin 1-15 ×106 6-20 ×106
Aspartic acid Amino acid 0-3 ×106
In WBCs 2.5-4.0 ×104 9-12 ×106
Bicarbonate Buffer in blood 5-5.7 ×10−4
Bile acids Digestive function, bilirubin excretion 2-30 ×10−6 3-30 ×10−6
Bilirubin Hemoglobin metabolite 2-14 ×10−6 1-10 ×10−6
Biotin (Vitamin H) Gluconeogenesis,metabolize leucine,fatty acid synthesis 7-17 ×10−9 9-16 ×10−9
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) 8-23 ×10−5
Bradykinin 7 ×10−11
Bromide 7-10 ×10−9
Cadmium normal 1-5 ×10−9
toxic 0.1-3 ×10−6
Calciferol (vitamin D2) Maintain calcium and phosphorus levels 1.7-4.1 ×10−8
Calcitonin (CT) Hormone <1.0 ×10−10
Calcium Bones, Ca2+
ionized 4.48-4.92 ×10−5 4.25-5.25 ×10−5
total 8.4-11.5 ×10−5
Carbon dioxide Respiratory gas
arterial 8.8-10.8 ×10−4 3.0-7.9 ×10−5
venous 9.8-11.8 ×10−4 3.3-8.3 ×10−5
Carboxyhemoglobin(as HbCO) nonsmokers 0.5-1.5% total Hb
smokers, 1-2 packs/day 4-5% total Hb
smokers, 2 packs/day 8-9% total Hb
toxic >20% total Hb
lethal >50% total Hb
Carcinoembryonic antigen <2.5 ×10−9
beta-Carotene Vitamin A dimer 3-25 ×10−7
Carotenoids Antioxidant 2.4-23.1 ×10−7
Cephalin 3-11.5 ×10−4 0-1 ×10−4
Ceruloplasmin 1.5-6 ×10−4
Chloride, as NaCl 4.5-5 ×10−3 3.5-3.8 ×10−3
Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3) 1, 25-dihydroxy 2.5-4.5 ×10−11
24,25-dihydroxy 1.5 ×10−9
25-hydroxy 1.4-8 ×10−8
Cholecystokinin (pancreozymin) Stimulates fat and protein digestion 6.04 ×10−11
Cholesterol Steroid lipid
LDLC 0.5-2.0 ×10−3
HDLC 2.9-9.0 ×10−4
total 1.15-2.25 ×10−3 1.2-2 ×10−3
Choline, total 1.1-3.1 ×10−4 3.6-3.5 ×10−4
Chorionic gonadotropin Progesterone secretion during pregnancy
Menstrual 0-3 ×10−11
Pregnancy, 1st trimester 5-3300 ×10−10
Pregnancy, 2nd trimester 20-1000 ×10−10
Pregnancy, 3rd trimester 20-50 ×10−10
Menopausal 3-30 ×10−11
Citric acid 1.3-2.5 ×10−5 1.6-3.2 ×10−5
Citrulline 2-10 ×10−6
Coagulation Factors Fibrinogen 1.2-1.6 ×10−3 2-4 ×10−3
Prothrombin 1 ×10−4
Tissue thromboplastin 1 ×10−6
Proaccelerin 5-12 ×10−6
Proconvertin 1 ×10−6
Antihemophilic factor 1 ×10−7
Christmas factor 4 ×10−6
Stuart factor 5 ×10−6
Plasma thrmb. anteced. 4 ×10−6
Hageman factor 2.9 ×10−5
Fibrin-stabilizing factor 1 ×10−5
Fibrin split products <1 ×10−5
Fletcher factor 5 ×10−5
Fitzgerald factor 7 ×10−5
von Willebrand factor 7 ×10−6
Cobalamin (Vitamin B12) Needed for nerve cells, red blood cells, and to make DNA 6-14 ×10−10 1-10 ×10−10
Cocarboxylase 7-9 ×10−8
Complement system C1q 5.8-7.2 ×10−5
C1r 2.5-3.8 ×10−5
C1s (C1 esterase) 2.5-3.8 ×10−5
C2 2.2-3.4 ×10−5
C3( b1C-globulin) 8-15.5 ×10−4
factor B (C3 proactivator) 2-4.5 ×10−4
C4 (b1E-globulin) 1.3-3.7 ×10−4
C4 binding protein 1.8-3.2 ×10−4
C5 (b1F-globulin) 5.1-7.7 ×10−5
C6 4.8-6.4 ×10−5
C7 4.9-7 ×10−5
C8 4.3-6.3 ×10−5
C9 4.7-6.9 ×10−5
Properdin 2.4-3.2 ×10−5
Compound S 1-3 ×10−9
Copper 9-15 ×10−7
male 7-14 ×10−7
female 8-15.5 ×10−7
Corticosteroids Steroid hormones 1-4 ×10−6
Corticosterone 4-20 ×10−9
Cortisol Inhibits CRH secretion 3-23 ×10−8
8 AM 6-23 ×10−8
4 PM 3-15 ×10−8
10 PM ~50% of 8 AM value
C-peptide fasting 0.5-2.0 ×10−9
maximum 4 ×10−9
C-reactive protein Plasma protein 6.8-820 ×10−8
Creatine Assists muscle cell energy supply
male 1.7-5.0 ×10−6
female 3.5-9.3 ×10−6
Creatinine male 0.8-1.5 ×10−5
female 0.7-1.2 ×10−5
Cyanide nonsmokers 4 ×10−9
smokers 6 ×10−9
nitroprusside therapy 10-60 ×10−9
toxic >100 ×10−9
lethal >1000 ×10−9
Cysteine Amino acid 6-12 ×10−6 1.8-5 ×10−5
Dehydroepiandrosterone(DHEA) Steroid hormone
aged 1–4 yrs 0.2-0.4 ×10−9
aged 4-8 yrs 0.1-1.9 ×10−9
aged 8–10 yrs 0.2-2.9 ×10−9
aged 10-12 yrs 0.5-9.2 ×10−9
aged 12–14 yrs 0.9-20 ×10−9
aged 14-16 yrs 2.5-20 ×10−9
male 0.8-10 ×10−9
female, premenopausal 2.0-15 ×10−9
DHEA sulfate male 1.99-3.34 ×10−6
female
newborn 1.67-3.64 ×10−6
pre-pubertal children 1.0-6.0 ×10−7
premenopausal 8.2-33.8 ×10−7
pregnancy 2.3-11.7 ×10−7
postmenopausal 1.1-6.1 ×10−7
11-Deoxycortisol 1-7 ×10−8
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) male 3-8 ×10−9
female 1-10 ×10−10
Diphosphoglycerate (phosphate) 8-16 ×10−5
DNA The molecule of heredity 0-1.6 ×10−5
Dopamine Neurotransmitter <1.36 ×10−10
Enzymes, total <6 ×10−5
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) <1 ×10−11
Epinephrine Neurotransmitter of the sympathetic nervous system
after 15 min rest 3.1-9.5 ×10−11
when emitted 3.8 ×10−9 2-2.5 ×10−9
Ergothioneine 1-20 ×10−5
Erythrocytes (#/cm³) adult male, avg. (range) 5.2 (4.6-6.2) ×109
adult female, avg. (range) 4.6 (4.2-5.4) ×109
children, varies with age 4.5-5.1 ×109
reticulocytes 25-75 ×106
Erythropoietin adult, normal 0.5-2.5 ×10−10
pregnant 2.7-6.2 ×10−10
hypoxia or anemia 0.8-8.0 ×10−8
Estradiol (E2) male 8-36 ×10−12
female, follicular(days 1-10) 1-9 ×10−11
female, mean 5 ×10−11
female, pre-fertile (days 10-12) 10-15 ×10−11
female, fertile (days 12-14) 35-60 ×10−11
female, luteal (days 15-28) 20-40 ×10−11
female, pregnancy 3-70 ×10−7
female, postmenopausal 1-3 ×10−11
Estriol (E3) nonpregnant <2 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 22-30 3-5 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 32-37 6-11 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 38-41 25-170 ×10−9
Estrogen male 4-11.5 ×10−11
female, prepubertal <4 ×10−11
female, 1–10 days 6.1-39.4 ×10−11
female, 11-20 days 12.2-43.7 ×10−11
female, 21–30 days 15.6-35 ×10−11
female, postmenopausal <4 ×10−11
Estrone (E1) male 2.9-17 ×10−11
female, follicular 2-15 ×10−11
female, 1–10 days of cycle 4.3-18 ×10−11
female, 11-20 days of cycle 7.5-19.6 ×10−11
female, 20–29 days of cycle 13.1-20.1 ×10−11
pregnancy, weeks 22-30 3-5 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 32-37 5-6 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 38-41 7-10 ×10−9
Ethanol social high 0.5 ×10−3
reduced coordination 0.8 ×10−3
depression of CNS >1 ×10−3
confusion, falling down 2.0 ×10−3
loss of consciousness 3.0 ×10−3
coma, death >4 ×10−3
Fatty acids nonesterified (free) 8-25 ×10−5
esterified 2.5-3.9 ×10−3 7-20 ×10−5
total 1.9-4.5 ×10−3
Ferritin male 1.5-30 ×10−8
female 0.9-18 ×10−8
alpha-1-Fetoprotein 0-2 ×10−8
Flavin adenine dinucleotide 8-12 ×10−8
Fluoride 1-4.5 ×10−7 1-4.5 ×10−7
Folate 2.2-17.3 ×10−9
in erythrocyte 1.67-7.07 ×10−7
Folic acid 2.3-5.2 ×10−8 1.6-2 ×10−8
Fructose 0-5 ×10−5 7-8 ×10−5
Furosemide glucuronide 1-400 ×10−6
Galactose children <2 ×10−4
Gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) <1.25-4.0 ×10−10
Gastrin mean 7 ×10−11
maximum <20 ×10−11
Globulin total 2.2-4 ×10−2
alpha-1-Globulin 1-4 ×10−3
alpha-2-Globulin 4-10 ×10−3
beta globulin 5-12 ×10−3
gamma globulin 6-17 ×10−3
Glucagon range 5-15 ×10−11
mean 7.1-7.9 ×10−11
Glucosamine fetus 4-6 ×10−4 4.2-5.5 ×10−4
child 5-7 ×10−4 5.2-6.9 ×10−4
adult 6-8 ×10−4 6.1-8.2 ×10−4
aged 7-9 ×10−4 7.0-8.9 ×10−4
Glucose newborn 2-3 ×10−4
adult 6.5-9.5 ×10−4 7-10.5 ×10−4
diabetic 14-120 ×10−4
Glucuronic acid 4.1-9.3 ×10−5 8-11 ×10−6
Glutamic acid 2-28 ×10−6
Glutamine 4.6-10.6 ×10−5
Glutathione reduced 2.5-4.1 ×10−4 0
Glycerol free 2.9-17.2 ×10−6
Glycine 1.7-2.3 ×10−5 8-54 ×10−6
Glycogen 1.2-16.2 ×10−5 0
Glycoprotein, acid 4-15 ×10−4
cGMP 0.6-4.4 ×10−9
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone 1-80 ×10−12
Guanidine 1.8-2.3 ×10−6
Haptoglobin 3-22 ×10−4
Hemoglobin 1.2-1.75 ×10−1 1-4 ×10−5
newborn 1.65-1.95 ×10−1
children, varies with age 1.12-1.65 ×10−1
adult, male 1.4-1.8 ×10−1
adult, female 1.2-1.6 ×10−1
inside erythrocyte ~3.3 ×10−1
per red blood cell 27-32 picograms
Hexosephosphate P 1.4-5 ×10−5 0-2 ×10−6
Histamine 6.7-8.6 ×10−8
Histidine 9-17 ×10−6 1.1-3.8 ×10−5
Hydrogen ion(pH 7.4) 4 ×10−11
beta-Hydroxybutyric acid 1-6 ×10−6 1-9 ×10−6
17α-Hydroxycorticosteroids 4-10 ×10−8
17α-Hydroxyprogesterone male 20-250 ×10−11
female, follicular 20-80 ×10−11
female, luteal 80-300 ×10−11
female, postmenopausal 4-50 ×10−11
female, child 20-140 ×10−11
Antibodies Immunoglobulin A (IgA) 5-39 ×10−4
Immunoglobulin D (IgD) 0.5-8.0 ×10−5
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) 5.0-19 ×10−3
Immunoglobulin M (IgM) 3.0-30 ×10−4
Immunoglobulin E (IgE) <5 ×10−7
Indican 8-50 ×10−7
Inositol 3-7 ×10−6
Insulin 2.0-8.4 ×10−10
Insulin-like growth factor 9.9-50 ×10−8
Iodine total 2.4-3.2 ×10−8 4.5-14.5 ×10−8
Iron adult 4-6 ×10−4 6-18 ×10−7
Isoleucine 9-15 ×10−6 1.2-4.2 ×10−5
Ketone bodies 2.3-10 ×10−6 1.5-30 ×10−6
alpha-Ketonic acids adult 1-30 ×10−6
L-Lactate arterial <11.3 ×10−5 4.5-14.4 ×10−5
venous 8.1-15.3 ×10−5 4.5-19.8 ×10−5
Lead normal 1-5 ×10−7 1-7.8 ×10−8
toxic >6-10 ×10−7
Lecithin 1.1-1.2 ×10−3 1-2.25 ×10−3
Leptin 1.2 ×10−8
Leucine 1.4-2 ×10−5 1.2-5.2 ×10−5
Leukocytes (#/cm³) Total: total, birth 9.0-30.0 ×106
total, pediatric 4.5-15.5 ×106
total, adult, range 4.3-11.0 ×106
total, adult, median 7.0 ×106
Neutrophil granulocytes, birth 6.0-26.0 ×106
Neutrophils, pediatric 1.5-8.5 ×106
Neutrophils, adult, range 1.83-7.25 ×106
Neutrophils, adult, median 3.65 ×106
Eosinophil granulocytes birth 0.4 ×106
Eosinophils, pediatric 0.2-0.3 ×106
Eosinophils, adult, range 0.05-0.7 ×106
Eosinophils, adult, median 0.15 ×106
Basophil granulocytes, adult, range 0.015-0.15 ×106
Basophils, adult, median 0.03 ×106
Lymphocytes, birth 2-11 ×106
Lymphocyte, pediatric 1.5-8.0 ×106
Lymphocyte, adult, range 1.5-4.0 ×106
Lymphocyte, adult, median 2.5 ×106
Monocytes, birth, range 0.4-3.1 ×106
Monocytes, birth, median 1.05 ×106
Monocytes, pediatric 0.4 ×106
Monocytes, adult, range 0.21-1.05 ×106
Monocytes, adult, median 0.43 ×106
Phagocytes, birth, range 6-26 ×106
Phagocytes, birth, median 11 ×106
Phagocytes, pediatric, range 1.5-8.5 ×106
Phagocytes, pediatric, median 4.1 ×106
Phagocytes, adult, range 3.5-9.2 ×106
Phagocytes, CD4 cell count 0.5-1.5 ×106
Lipase P 1.2-1.4 ×10−4
Lipids total 4.45-6.1 ×10−3 4-8.5 ×10−3
Lipoprotein (Sr 12-20) 1-10 ×10−4
Lithium 1.5-2.5 ×10−8
Lysine 1.3-3 ×10−5 2-5.8 ×10−5
Lysozyme (muramidase) 1-15 ×10−6
alpha 2-macroglobulin pediatric 2-7 ×10−3
male, adult 0.9-4.0 ×10−3
female, adult 1.2-5.4 ×10−3
Magnesium 3.2-5.5 ×10−5 1.8-3.6 ×10−5
Malic acid 4.6 ×10−6 1-9 ×10−6
Manganese 0-2.5 ×10−7 0-1.9 ×10−7
Melatonin Day 1.35-1.45 ×10−11
Night 6.07-7.13 ×10−11
Mercury normal <1 ×10−8
chronic >20 ×10−8
Methemoglobin 4-6 ×10−4
Methionine 4-6 ×10−6 1-15 ×10−6
Methyl guanidine 2-3 ×10−6
beta-2-microglobulin 8-24 ×10−7
MIP-1a 2.3 ×10−11
MIP-1b 9 ×10−11
Mucopolysaccharides 1.75-2.25 ×10−3
Mucoproteins 8.65-9.6 ×10−4
Nerve growth factor (NGF) 6-10 ×10−9
Niacin 5-8 ×10−6 2-15 ×10−7
Nitrogen respiratory gas 8.2 ×10−6 9.7 ×10−6
total, nonrespiratory 3-3.7 ×10−2
Norepinephrine Neurotransmitter of the sympathetic nervous system
after 15 min rest 2.15-4.75 ×10−10
when emitted 8.1 ×10−9 8.5 ×10−9
Nucleotide total 3.1-5.2 ×10−4
Ornithine 4-14 ×10−6
Oxalate 1-2.4 ×10−6
Oxygen (respiratory gas) arterial 2.4-3.2 ×10−4 3.9 ×10−6
venous 1.6-2.3 ×10−4 1.6 ×10−6
Oxytocin male 2 ×10−12
female, nonlactating 2 ×10−12
female, pregnant 33-40 wks 32-48 ×10−12
Pancreatic polypeptide 5-20 ×10−11
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) 1.5-4.5 ×10−7 6-35 ×10−8
Para-aminobenzoic acid 3-4 ×10−8
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) 2-4 ×10−10
Pentose phosphorated 2-2.3 ×10−5
Phenol free 7-10 ×10−7
Phenylalanine 8-12 ×10−6 1.1-4 ×10−5
Phospholipid 2.25-2.85 ×10−3 5-12 ×10−5
Phosphatase acid, prostatic <3 ×10−9
Phosphorus inorganic, adult 2-3.9 ×10−5 2.3-4.5 ×10−5
inorganic, children 4.0-7.0 ×10−5
total 3.5-4.3 ×10−4 1-1.5 ×10−4
Phytanic acid <3 ×10−6
Platelets (#/cm³): range 1.4-4.4 ×108
median 2.5 ×108
Platelet-derived growth factor 5.0 ×10−8
Polysaccharides total 7.3-13.1 ×10−4
Potassium 1.6-2.4 ×10−3 1.4-2.2 ×10−4
Pregnenolone 3-20 ×10−10
Progesterone (female) female, follicular 0.4-0.9 ×10−9
female, midluteal 7.7-12.1 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 16-18 30-66 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 28-30 70-126 ×10−9
pregnancy, weeks 38-40 131-227 ×10−9
male 12-20 ×10−11
Proinsulin fasting 0.5-5 ×10−10
mean 1.42-1.70 ×10−10
Prolactin (male) <20 ×10−9 while awake 1-7 ×10−9
during sleep 9-20 ×10−9
Prolactin (female) follicular <23 ×10−9
luteal 5-40 ×10−9
Proline 1.2-5.7 ×10−5
Prostaglandins PGE 3.55-4.15 ×10−10
PGF 1.26-1.56 ×10−10
15-keto-PGF2a 5 ×10−10
15-keto-PGE2 <5 ×10−11
Protein total 1.9-2.1 ×10−1 6.0-8.3 ×10−2
Protoporphyrin 2.7-6.1 ×10−7
Prostate specific antigen 0-5 ×10−9
Pseudoglobulin I 8-19 ×10−3
Pseudoglobulin II 2-8 ×10−3
Purine total 9.5-11.5 ×10−5
Pyrimidine nucleotides 2.6-4.6 ×10−5 2-12 ×10−7
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) 3.6-90 ×10−9
Pyruvic acid 3-10 ×10−6 3-12 ×10−6
RANTES 7 ×10−11
Relaxin day <100 preparturition <2 ×10−9
day 100 to 2 days preceding 5-40 ×10−9
day preceding parturition 100-200 ×10−9
day following parturition <2 ×10−9
Retinol (Vitamin A) 1-8 ×10−7
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) 1.5-6 ×10−7 2.6-3.7 ×10−8
RNA 5-8 ×10−4 4-6 ×10−5
Secretin 2.9-4.5 ×10−11
Serine 3-20 ×10−6
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) 1.55-1.81 ×10−7 0.8-2.1 ×10−7
Silicon 1.4-2.95 ×10−6 2.2-5.7 ×10−6
Sodium 3.1-3.4 ×10−3
Solids, total 2-2.5 ×10−1 8-9 ×10−2
Somatotropin growth hormone 4-140 ×10−10
Sphingomyelin 1.5-1.85 ×10−3 1-4 ×10−4
Succinic acid 5 ×10−6
Sugar, total 7-11 ×10−4
Sulfates inorganic 8-12 ×10−6
Sulfur total 3.8-5 ×10−2 3.1-3.8 ×10−2
Taurine 3-21 ×10−6
Testosterone (male) free 5.6-10.2 ×10−11
total 275-875 ×10−11
Testosterone (female) free 0.24-0.38 ×10−11
total 23-75 ×10−11
pregnant 38-190 ×10−11
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) 3-10 ×10−8 1-9 ×10−8
Thiocyanate 5-14 ×10−6
nonsmoker 1-4 ×10−6
smoker 3-12 ×10−6
Threonine 1.3-2 ×10−5 0.9-3.2 ×10−5
Thyroglobulin (Tg) <5 ×10−8
Thyroid hormones 4-8 ×10−8
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone 5-60 ×10−12
Thyroxine (FT4) free 8-24 ×10−12
total 4-12 ×10−8
Thyroxine-binding prealbumin 2.8-3.5 ×10−4
Thyroxine-binding globulin 1.0-3.4 ×10−7
Tin 0-4 ×10−7 0-1 ×10−7
alpha-Tocopherol (Vitamin E) 5-20 ×10−6
Transcortin male 1.5-2 ×10−5
female 1.6-2.5 ×10−5
Transferrin newborn 1.3-2.75 ×10−3
adult 2.2-4 ×10−3
age >60 yrs 1.8-3.8 ×10−3
Triglycerides 8.5-23.5 ×10−4 2.5-30 ×10−4
Triiodothyronine free 2.3-6.6 ×10−12
total (T3) 0.75-2.50 ×10−9
Tryptophan 5-10 ×10−6 9-30 ×10−6
Tyrosine 8-14 ×10−6 4-25 ×10−6
Urea 2-4 ×10−4 2.8-4 ×10−4
Uric acid 6-49 ×10−6 2-7 ×10−5
child 3.5-7.2 ×10−5
adult, male 2.6-6.0 ×10−5
adult, female 2.0-5.5 ×10−5
Valine 2-2.9 ×10−5 1.7-4.2 ×10−5
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) 6-16 ×10−12
Vasopressin hydrated 4.5 ×10−13
dehydrated 3.7 ×10−12
Zinc 5-13 ×10−6 7-15 ×10−7

In blood banking, the fractions of Whole Blood used for transfusion are also called components.

See also[edit]

References[edit]