List of human cell types derived from the germ layers

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This is a list of cells in humans derived from the germ layers, which includes the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm.

Cells derived from ectoderm[edit]

Surface ectoderm[edit]

Skin[edit]

Anterior pituitary[edit]

Neural crest[edit]

Peripheral nervous system[edit]

Neuroendocrine system[edit]

Skin[edit]

Teeth[edit]

Eyes[edit]

Neural tube[edit]

Central nervous system[edit]

Ependyma[edit]

Pineal gland[edit]

Cells derived from mesoderm[edit]

Paraxial mesoderm[edit]

Mesenchymal stem cell[edit]

Osteochondroprogenitor cell[edit]
Myofibroblast[edit]

Other[edit]

Intermediate mesoderm[edit]

Renal stem cell[edit]

Reproductive system[edit]

Lateral plate mesoderm/hemangioblast[edit]

Hematopoietic stem cell[edit]

Circulatory system[edit]

Cells derived from endoderm[edit]

Foregut[edit]

Respiratory system[edit]

Digestive[edit]

Stomach[edit]
Intestine[edit]
Liver[edit]
Gallbladder[edit]
Exocrine component of pancreas[edit]

Islets of Langerhans[edit]

Pharyngeal pouch[edit]

Hindgut/cloaca[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nilsson M, Williams D (July 2016). "On the Origin of Cells and Derivation of Thyroid Cancer: C Cell Story Revisited". European Thyroid Journal. 5 (2): 79–93. doi:10.1159/000447333. PMC 4949372. PMID 27493881.