List of hundreds of England and Wales

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Most of the counties of England were divided into hundreds from the late Saxon period and these were, with a few exceptions, effectively abandoned as administrative divisions in the 19th century. in some areas, equivalent districts were known as "wapentakes".[1]

In Wales a similar Celtic system of division called cantrefi (a hundred farmsteads) had existed for centuries and was of particular importance in the administration of the Welsh law. Following the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542, Wales was divided into hundreds to be consistent with England.

Bedfordshire[edit]

Hundreds of Bedfordshire, 1830

Berkshire[edit]

The County of Berkshire comprised 20 Hundreds and 193 parishes and parts of four others.[2] From The National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland (1868), Victoria County History Berkshire Vol 3 (1923)[3] & Vol 4 (1924)[4]

The Hundreds, Parishes and Boroughs of Berkshire
Hundred Area (acres) Parishes and Boroughs
Beynhurst 13,000 Bisham, Hurley, Remenham, Shottesbrook, White Waltham
Bray 9,102 Bray, Borough of Maidenhead
Charlton 12,940 Barkham, Finchampstead, Hurst, Shinfield, Swallowfield
Compton 18,190 Aldworth, Catmore, Chilton, Compton, East Ilsley, Farnborough, West Ilsley
Cookham 14,330 Binfield, Cookham, Sunninghill
Faircross 50,000 Beedon, Boxford, Bright Walton, Brimpton, Chieveley, Frilsham, Hampstead Norris, Borough of Newbury, Peasemore, Sandleford, Shaw cum Donnington, Speen, Stanford Dingley, Wasing, Welford, Yattendon
Faringdon[2] 10,000 Great Coxwell, Great Faringdon (part)[5] Parishes of the hundred were transferred to Oxfordshire on 1 April 1974.
Ganfield 17,000 Buckland, Hatford, Hinton Waldrist, Longworth, Pusey, Shillingford, Stanford in the Vale
Hormer 21,550 Borough of Abingdon, Bagley Wood, Besselsleigh, Cumnor, North Hinksey, Radley, St Helen (part), Seacourt, South Hinksey, Sunningwell, Wytham
Kintbury Eagle 42,560 Avington, Chaddleworth, East Challow, East Shefford, Enborne, Fawley with Whatcombe, Hampstead Marshall, Hungerford, Inkpen, Kintbury, Letcombe Bassett, Letcombe Regis, Shalbourne, West Challow, West Shefford, West Woodhay
Lambourn 19,400 East Garston, Lambourn
Moreton 28,700 Ashampstead, Aston Tirrold, Basildon, Brightwell, Didcot, East Hagbourne, Harwell, Moulsford, North Moreton, Sotwell, South Moreton, Streatley, Borough of Wallingford, West Hagbourne
Ock 28,250 Appleton, Drayton, Fyfield, Kingston Bagpuize, Marcham, Milton, Steventon, Sutton Courtney, Tubney, Little Wittenham, Long Wittenham
Reading 37,510 Blewbury, Bucklebury, Cholsey, Pangbourne, Borough of Reading, Sulhampstead Abbots, Thatcham, Tilehurst
Ripplesmere 22,710 Clewer, Easthampstead, Old Windsor, Winkfield, Borough of Windsor[6]
Shrivenham 34,490 Ashbury, Buscot, Coleshill, Compton Beauchamp, Eaton Hastings, Shrivenham, Uffington
Sonning 21,830 Arborfield, Ruscombe, Sandhurst, Sonning, Wokingham
Theale 28,160 Aldermaston, Bradfield, Burghfield, Englefield, Padworth, Purley, Stratfield Mortimer, Sulham, Sulhampstead Bannister, Tidmarsh, Ufton Nervet, Woolhampton
Wantage 28,160 Ardington, Childrey, Denchworth, East Garston, East Hendred, East Lockinge, Sparsholt, West Hanney, West Hendred, West Lockinge, Wantage
Wargrave 11,220 Waltham St. Laurence, Warfield, Wargrave

Buckinghamshire[edit]

Buckinghamshire Hundreds in 1832

Until at least the time of the Domesday Survey in 1086 there were 18 hundreds in Buckinghamshire.[7] It has been suggested however that neighbouring hundreds had already become more closely associated in the 11th century so that by the end of the 14th century the original or ancient hundreds had been consolidated into 8 larger hundreds.[8]

Chiltern Hundreds[edit]

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Cambridgeshire was divided into 17 hundreds, plus the borough of Cambridge. Each hundred had a separate council that met each month to rule on local judicial and taxation matters. In 1929 the hundreds contained the following parishes.[9][10]

Hundred Area (acres) Parishes
Armingford 29287 Abington Pigotts, Bassingbourn, Croydon, East Hatley, Guilden Morden, Litlington, Melbourn, Meldreth, Royston (part), Shingay, Steeple Morden, Tadlow, Wendy, Whaddon
Chesterton 15847 Chesterton, Childerley, Cottenham, Dry Drayton, Histon
Cheveley 12905 Ashley, Cheveley, Kirtling, Newmarket All Saints, Wood Ditton
Chilford 22364 Babraham, Bartlow, Castle Camps, Great Abington, Hildersham, Horseheath, Linton, Little Abington, Pampisford, Shudy Camps, West Wickham
Ely 42667 Downham, Littleport
Flendish 11906 Cherry Hinton, Fen Ditton, Fulbourn, Horningsea, Teversham
Longstow 25500 Bourn, Caldecote, Caxton, Croxton, Eltisley, Gamlingay, Great Eversden, Hardwick, Hatley St. George, Kingston, Little Eversden, Little Gransden, Longstowe, Toft
North Witchford 86275 Chatteris, Doddington, March, Whittlesey
Northstow 19651 Girton, Impington, Landbeach, Lolworth, Longstanton, Madingley, Milton, Oakington, Rampton, Waterbeach
Papworth 26923 Boxworth, Conington, Elsworth, Fen Drayton, Graveley, Knapwell, Over, Papworth St Agnes, Papworth Everard, Swavesey, Willingham
Radfield 23869 Balsham, Brinkley, Burrough Green, Carlton-cum-Willingham, Dullingham, Stetchworth, West Wratting, Westley Waterless, Weston Colville
South Witchford 37462 Coveney, Grunty Fen, Haddenham, Manea, Mepal, Sutton, Stretham and Thetford,[11] Welches Dam, Wentworth, Wilburton, Witcham, Witchford
Staine 18917 Bottisham, Great Wilbraham, Little Wilbraham, Swaffham Bulbeck, Swaffham Prior, Stow-cum-Quy
Staploe 40775 Burwell, Chippenham, Fordham, Isleham, Kennett, Landwade, Snailwell, Soham, Wicken
Thriplow 16160 Fowlmere, Foxton, Great Shelford, Harston, Hauxton, Little Shelford, Newton, Stapleford, Thriplow, Trumpington
Wetherley 16160 Arrington, Barrington, Barton, Comberton, Coton, Grantchester, Harlton, Haslingfield, Orwell, Shepreth, Wimpole
Whittlesford 11078 Duxford, Hinxton, Ickleton, Sawston, Whittlesford
Wisbech 61157 Elm, Leverington, Newton, Outwell, Parson Drove, Thorney, Tydd St. Giles, Upwell, Wisbech, Wisbech St. Mary

Cheshire[edit]

Hundreds of Cheshire in Domesday Book
The later hundreds of Cheshire

From Harris, B. E., and Thacker, A. T. (1987). The Victoria History of the County of Chester. (Volume 1: Physique, Prehistory, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, and Domesday). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-722761-9.

Domesday Hundreds[edit]

With some variations in the names, the Domesday hundreds were:

Later Hundreds[edit]

Atiscross and Exestan were lost to Wales, and a merging and amalgamation of the rest with a renaming led to the following hundreds:

Cornwall[edit]

In Cornwall, the name calqued cantrev

From GENUKI [3]

For some purposes, the Isles of Scilly were counted as a tenth hundred.

Cumberland[edit]

Map of Cumberland showing wards, 1824

Cumberland was divided into wards, analogous to hundreds. From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland [4]

Derbyshire[edit]

The civil divisions of Derbyshire were anciently called wapentakes. In the Domesday Survey of 1086 are mentioned the wapentakes of Scarvedale, Hamestan, Morlestan, Walecross, and Apultre, and a district called Peche-fers.[12] Divided into hundreds by 1273. From GENUKI [5] (based on the 1868 Gazette):

  • High Peak—Hamestan wapentake and perhaps Peche-fers district in 1086; Peck wapentake by 1273.
  • Wirksworth—Called a wapentake as late as 1817.
  • Scarsdale
  • Morleston and Litchurch—Called in the Domesday Survey of 1086, Morlestan or Morleystone wapentake and Littlechurch wapentake,[13] and in the Hundred-Roll of 1273, Littlechirch; by 1300 combined as the hundred of Morleston and Litchurch.[14]
  • Appletree
  • Repton and Gresley—In 1274 formed the separate wapentakes of Repindon and Greselegh (owned by the King and the heirs of the Earl of Chester respectively); in 1086 the large Walecross wapentake.

Devon[edit]

Devon Hundreds in 1832

In 1850 there were thirty-two hundreds in Devon according to White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Devonshire[15]

Dorset[edit]

Dorset Hundreds in 1834

County Durham[edit]

County Durham was divided into wards, analogous to hundreds. From an 1840 map of County Durham [6].

Essex[edit]

According to essex1841.com [7] the 1841 census also recorded Harwich hundred, which the Victoria County History places within Tendring.

Gloucestershire[edit]

Gloucestershire Hundreds in 1832

The thirty-nine hundreds mentioned in the Domesday Survey and the thirty-one hundreds of the Hundred Rolls of 1274 differ very widely in name and extent both from each other and from the twenty-eight hundreds of the present day. From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland [8]

The Duchy of Lancaster (Gloucestershire) liberty was sometimes counted as a hundred.

Hampshire[edit]

Hampshire Hundreds in 1832

Herefordshire[edit]

The hundreds mentioned in the Domesday Survey and the hundreds of the Hundred Rolls of 1274 differ very widely in name and extent both from each other and from the ten hundreds of the present day. Not included in the hundreds of Herefordshire at the time of Domesday, the sparsely populated Welch area of Archenfield included Ashe Ingen, Baysham and Kings Caple.[19]

From Domesday (1086):

From The National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland (1868) [9]

Hertfordshire[edit]

Hertfordshire Hundreds in 1832

(Danais & Tring added as per History of Hertfordshire)[31]

Huntingdonshire[edit]

Kent[edit]

Kent Hundreds in 1832

From Kent Genealogy [11]. Kent was traditionally divided into East and West Kent, and into lathes and hundreds.

East Kent[edit]

Lathes: St. Augustine, Scraye, Shepway

plus Romney Marsh Liberty

West Kent[edit]

Lathe of Sutton at Hone

Lathe of Aylesford

plus the Lowey of Tonbridge

Lathe of Scraye (part)

Lancashire[edit]

Lancashire Hundreds in 1834

Leicestershire[edit]

Leicestershire was originally divided into four wapentakes, but these were usually later described as hundreds. From the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica[32] after 1346 the six hundreds were:

In the Domesday Book, West Goscote and East Goscote made up just Goscote and Sparkenhoe did not yet exist. The division which brought East and West Goscote and Sparkenhoe into existence was made in 1346.

Lincolnshire[edit]

Lincolnshire was divided into three Parts, each of which was divided into wapentakes, analogous to hundreds.

In 1523, the wapentakes were named:[33]

Wraggoe wapentake
Gartree wapentake
Yarborough wapentake	
Walshcroft wapentake
	and Bradley wapentake
	and Haverstoe wapentake
	and Grimsby
Louthesk wapentake
	and Hill wapentake
	and Calcewath wapentake
	and Ludborough wapentake
Candleshoe wapentake
	and Horncastle soke
	and Bolingbroke soke
Manley wapentake
	and Aslacoe wapentake
	and Lawress wapentake 
	and Corringham wapentake
	and Well wapentake

From map on Lincolnshire County Council website [12]

Holland
Kesteven
Lindsey
North Riding of Lindsey
South Riding of Lindsey
West Riding of Lindsey

Middlesex[edit]

Norfolk[edit]

[38]

Northamptonshire[edit]

In 1086, there were 29 hundreds in the county. By the time of the 'Nomina Villarum' a survey carried out in the first half of the 12th Century, the Stoke Hundred had been absorbed into the Corby Hundred.[39] From the Northamptonshire Family History Society[40] the hundreds in the 1800s are:

The liberty and Soke of Peterborough was sometimes called Nassaburgh hundred.

Northumberland[edit]

Following the Harrying of the North and subsequent incursions from Scotland, the high sheriff of Northumberland was granted extraordinary powers. The county was subdivided into baronies, which were arranged in six wards and subdivided into constabularies.[42] The wards were analogous to hundreds. From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland (1868) [13]

Nottinghamshire[edit]

Nottinghamshire Wapentakes in 1832

Nottinghamshire was divided into wapentakes, analogous to hundreds. From the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire [14]

Oxfordshire[edit]

From[45]

Rutland[edit]

Map of Rutland; by George Carrington Gray (1824)

Shropshire[edit]

Map of Shropshire; by Wenceslaus Hollar (17th century). (A more accurate map of the hundreds.)

Domesday Book[edit]

From Open Domesday[62]

Post-Domesday[edit]

The hundreds of Shropshire were greatly reformed during the 12th century.

From GENUKI[63]

† — including the Shropshire exclave of Halesowen

‡ The liberties of the borough of Shrewsbury and priory/borough of Wenlock were extensive and are usually considered as hundreds (Wenlock was sometimes described as the "franchise of Wenlock").[65]

Somerset[edit]

From the National Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland

Staffordshire[edit]

Map of Staffordshire; by Wenceslaus Hollar (17th century)

From GENUKI[66]

Suffolk[edit]

[67]

Surrey[edit]

Map of Surrey; by Wenceslaus Hollar (17th century)

There are thirteen hundreds and one half hundred:

Sussex[edit]

Sussex Hundreds in 1834

Sussex was divided into rapes, and then hundreds.

Arundel Rape[edit]

The Arundel Rape covered nearly all of what is now West Sussex until about 1250, when it was split into two rapes the Arundel Rape and the Chichester Rape.[68] In 1834 it contained five hundreds sub-divided into fifty six parishes.[69]

Bramber Rape[edit]

The Bramber Rape lies between the Rape of Arundel in the west and Lewes in the east. In 1834 it contained 40 parishes[70] in the following hundreds:

as well as 3 half hundreds

  • East Easwrith
  • Fishersgate
  • Wyndham

Chichester Rape[edit]

The combined Chichester and Arundel Rape covered nearly all of what is now West Sussex until about 1250, when it was split into two rapes the Arundel Rape and the Chichester Rape.[68] In 1834 it contained seven hundreds and seventy-four parishes.[71]

Hastings Rape[edit]

Medieval sources talk of a group of people who were separate to that of the South Saxons they were known as the Haestingas. The area of Sussex they occupied became the Rape of Hastings.[72] The Rape of Hastings was on the easternmost part of Sussex, with the county of Kent to its east and the Rape of Pevensey to its west. In 1833 it had 13 hundreds giving a total of about 154,060 acres.[73]

Lewes Rape[edit]

The Rape of Lewes is bounded by the Rape of Bramber on its west and the Rape of Pevensey on its east. Although it had the same amount of hundreds in 1833 as in the Domesday survey, there had been some cases of manors and parishes been taken from one and added to another hundred, and in other cases the hundreds had been divided and lost.[74]

Pevensey Rape[edit]

The Pevensey Rape lies between the Rapes of Lewes and Hastings. In 1833 it contained 19 hundreds and 52 parishes[75]

Warwickshire[edit]

Warwickshire in 1832

Warwickshire was divided into four hundreds, with each hundred consisting of a number of divisions.

  • Barlinchway (also Barlichway)
    • Alcester
    • Henley
    • Snitterfield
    • Stratford
  • Hemlingford, formerly named Coleshill
    • Atherstone
    • Birmingham
    • Solihull
    • Tamworth
  • Kington (also Kineton)
    • Brailes
    • Burton Dassett
    • Kington
    • Warwick
  • Knightlow
    • Kenilworth
    • Kirby
    • Rugby
    • Southam

Westmorland[edit]

Westmorland was divided into four wards, analogous to hundreds. Pairs of wards made up the two Baronies. From Magna Britannica et Hibernia (1736) [15]

Barony of Kendal[edit]

The Barony of Kendal had two wards:

Barony of Westmorland[edit]

The Barony of Westmorland had two wards:

Wiltshire[edit]

There were 40 hundreds in Wiltshire at the time of the Domesday Survey. Hundreds in 1835 were:

Worcestershire[edit]

Worcestershire in 1832

The ancient hundreds in 1086 at the time of the Domesday survey were:[76] Ash, Came, Celfledetorn, Clent, Cresslow, Cutestornes, Doddingtree, Dudstone, Fernecumbe, Fishborough, Greston, Ossulstone, Oswaldslow, Pershore, Plegelgete, Seisdon, Tewkesbury, Tibblestone, Wolfhay. Some of the parishes within these hundreds, such as Feckenham in Ash Hundred, or Gloucester in Dudstone Hundred, may have partially been in other counties or were transferred between counties in the intervening years.

Over the centuries, some of the hundreds were amalgamated and appear in many useful statistical records. The hundreds that continued their courts until disuse include:

Yorkshire[edit]

Yorkshire in 1832

Yorkshire has three Ridings,[81] East, North and West. Each of these was divided into wapentakes, analogous to hundreds.

The Ainsty wapentake, first associated with the West Riding, became associated in the fifteenth century with the City of York, outside the Riding system.

The hundreds of Amounderness and Lonsdale in Lancashire plus part of Westmorland were considered as part of Yorkshire in the Domesday Book.

East Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

From GENUKI [16]

The other division of the riding was Hullshire.

North Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

  • Allerton
  • Birdforth
  • Bulmer
  • Gilling East
  • Gilling West
  • Hallikeld
  • Hang East
  • Hang West
  • Langbaurgh (West and East divisions)
  • Pickering Lythe – Formed from the Domesday wapentake of Dic, and additionally by 1284–85 the parish of Sinnington and by (circa 15th-16th century) the parish of Kirkby Misperton, both from the Domesday wapentake of Maneshou.[82]
  • Ryedale – First mentioned by name in 1165–66, probably when its court was relocated there. Formed from the Domesday wapentake of Maneshou minus Sinnington and Kirkby Misperton parishes, plus the additional parish of Lastingham from the Domesday wapentake of Dic.[82] In the 19th century, Ryedale contained the parishes of Ampleforth; Appleton-Le-Street; Barton-Le-Street; Great Edston; Gilling; Helmsley; Hovingham; Kirkby Moorside; Kirkdale; Lastingham; New Malton, including the parishes of St. Leonard and St. Michael; Old Malton; Normanby; Nunnington; Oswaldkirk; Salton; Scawton; Slingsby; Stonegrave.[82]
  • Whitby Strand

West Riding of Yorkshire[edit]

From GENUKI [17]

The Hundreds of Wales[edit]

Hundreds of Tudor Wales

Wales was divided into hundreds following the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. This resulted in the creation of five new counties (Monmouthshire, Brecknockshire, Radnorshire, Montgomeryshire and Denbighshire) from the Marches of Wales. Combined with the transformation of the Lordships of Pembroke and Glamorgan into new counties, with the existing counties of Cardiganshire, Caernarfonshire and Flintshire (created by the Statute of Rhuddlan) this gave Wales thirteen counties.

Anglesey[edit]

Anglesey was divided into six hundreds:[83] [84]

Brecknockshire[edit]

Brecknockshire was divided into six hundreds. [85] [86]

Caernarvonshire[edit]

Caernarvonshire was divided into ten hundreds: [87] [88]

Cardiganshire[edit]

Cardiganshire was divided into five hundreds.[89] [90]

  • Genaur Glyn
  • Ilar
  • Moyddyn
  • Penarth
  • Troedyraur

Carmarthenshire[edit]

Carmarthenshire was divided into eight hundreds.[91] [92]

Denbighshire[edit]

Denbighshire was divided into six hundreds:[93] [94]

Flintshire[edit]

Flintshire was divided into five hundreds: [95] [96]

Glamorgan[edit]

Glamorgan was divided into ten hundreds: [97] [98]

Merionethshire[edit]

Merionethshire was divided into five hundreds: [99] [100]

Monmouthshire[edit]

Monmouthshire was divided into five hundreds: [101] [102]

Montgomeryshire[edit]

Montgomeryshire was divided into eight hundreds: [103] [104]

Pembrokeshire[edit]

Pembrokeshire was divided into seven hundreds: [105] [106]

Radnorshire[edit]

Radnorshire was divided into six hundreds: [107] [108]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Webb, Sidney; Webb, Beatrice (1906). English Local Government from the Revolution to the Municipal Corporations Act: the parish and the county. London: Longmans Green and Company. pp. 284–285.
  2. ^ "GENUKI".
  3. ^ "Victoria County History Berkshire Vol 3".
  4. ^ "Victoria County History Berkshire Vol 4".
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  7. ^ Open Domesday Online: Buckinghamshire
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