List of hypermarkets
This is a list of hypermarket chains sorted alphabetically by continent and country. A hypermarket is a superstore carrying a wide range of products under one roof, and theoretically allows customers to satisfy all their shopping needs in one trip.
The Algerian chain Ardis (owned by Algerian group Arcofina) is currently operating one hypermarket in the country in Mohammadia, just outside Algiers. In the future Ardis will open 19 hypermarkets in the country; the next will open near Oran in Bir El Djir. Carrefour ended their partnership with the Algerian group Arcofina on February 19, 2009. "The concept of mass distribution does not work in Algeria," added Carrefour. Before that, Carrefour had still only one store opened as of 2009 of 18 hypermarkets planned by 2012. The private group Arcofina explained that there was a delay because of difficulties in finding available land for hypermarkets. Arcofina is now focusing on opening hypermarkets in the future under the Ardis brand.
- Géant – Mbolo
There are several hypermarkets operating in the country. The biggest are Marjane, Aswak Assalam and Carrefour. The Acima brand, which belongs to the same retail group with Marjane, are stores that cannot qualify as hypermarkets because they are smaller.
- Checkers Hyper
- Makro (Metro Cash & Carry)
- Pick 'n Pay Hypermarket
- USave Superstore
- DFI Lucky
China, People's Republic of
There were some hypermarkets owned by Carrefour, which were closed down by 2000.
- Defunct chains
- Big Bazaar
- Lulu Hypermarket
- Reliance Fresh
- Spar Hypermarket
- Spencer's Hyper
- Star Bazaar
Carrefour and Auchan had several hypermarkets in Keling, but both chains closed down all Indian stores in 2014 due to a financial crisis in owning European chains in that country. Auchan stores are planned to be sold to Spar Group and converted into Spar Hypermarkets as of 2016, while Carrefour stores are not yet sold to other chains.
The hypermarket format in Israel was not a success because retail chains abandoned hypermarkets and later converted them into smaller discount stores.
- Shufersal Big – not a hypermarket chain but currently has the largest stores
In Jordan, Carrefour has one branch in Amman (a joint venture between Majid Al Futtaim Group and Carrefour France) and has an area of 11,000 square meters. Hypermarkets also exist in the Zaatari refugee camp in Mafraq as part of the WFP initiative, which led the project to establish the stores.
The hypermarkets operating in Kuwait are Grand Hyper division Regency Group Dubai, which operates six hypermarkets in Kuwait, in Fahaheel, Watiya, Hawally, Jleeb al Shuwaikh, Khaithan and Hassawi, and two Grand Fresh mini supermarkets in Mangaf and Abuhalifa. Géant operates one hypermarket at 360 Mall, and six other supermarkets across the country, such as Carrefour and City Centre. The Sultan Center has 11 locations in Kuwait that target expatriate shoppers. CityCentre has two hypermarkets in Kuwait, in Shuwaikh and Salmiya. Carrefour has one hypermarket at The Avenues, in Shuwaikh, a few minutes out of downtown Kuwait City.
Lulu Hypermarket is the biggest hypermarket chain in GCC, and operates six outlets in Kuwait in Al Rai, Al Qurain, Al Dajeej, Salmiya, Egaila and Fahaheel.
- Defunct brands
- Giant Hypermarket
- Lulu Hypermarket
- Mydin Wholesale Hypermarket
- Servay Hypermarket (East Malaysia only)
- Carrefour – taken over by AEON BiG in 2014
- Makro – taken over by Tesco
- Tesco - taken over by Lotus's in 2021
- Al Danube abu husain
- City Flower Hyper Markets
- Farm Superstores
- Lulu Hypermarket
- Tamimi Group
- Nesto Group
- Carrefour (withdrew from the region in late 2012)
- Grand Mart
The country's first hypermarket will be in a 100,000 square meter shopping center, in the capital Ashgabat, scheduled to open in 2014. The complex will include the hypermarket, offices, a cinema, boutiques and a parking lot that will accommodate around 1400 cars. It is yet unknown to which retailer Turkmenistan's first hypermarket will belong.
United Arab Emirates
In 2007, there were 63 hypermarkets in the country. In May 2013, there were in total 67, of which were 45 regular Carrefour hypermarkets and 15 were new Carrefour Planet hypermarkets. The Louis Delhaize Group has seven Cora throughout Wallonia and Brussels.
The largest hypermarket in Belgium is the Cora store in Anderlecht (Brussels) with a size of 15 000 m2. The second largest is the Carrefour Planet store in the B-Park shopping center in Bruges (Flanders), which has a size of 14 000 m2.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Defunct brands
- Drvopromet DP – renamed Mercator in 2011, then Konzum in 2014, and again Mercator in 2017
- Maxi – renamed Tropic in 2015
- VF-Komerc – renamed Konzum in 2007
- Defunct brands
- Carrefour – purchased by Sklavenitis
- Former brands
- Carrefour – stores taken over by Tesco
- Interspar (Spar Group) – in 2015, stores taken over by Ahold and rebranded Albert
Currently, Bilka is the biggest chain of hypermarkets (operated by Dansk Supermarked); the second biggest chain was Kvickly Xtra, which were converted in 2009 to the regular Kvickly supermarkets. Opening of new hypermarkets has decreased, as of 2010, due to restrictions on store sizes to protect the stores in city centers.
In France, hypermarkets are successful, and today, there are over 1000 hypermarkets in the country. Carrefour opened the first French and European hypermarket in 1963, in Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois near Paris, and has 222 hypermarkets, as of 2013. The largest hypermarket in France is the Carrefour store in Villiers-en-Bière, Seine-et-Marne (77) in the Île-de-France region, with an area of 25 000 m2.
E.Leclerc opened its first hypermarket store in 1964 in Landerneau, near Brest, and is now the dominant hypermarket chain in France, with 489 hypermarkets. Internationally, the French Carrefour is still the largest hypermarket chain in terms of size, and second-largest (after Walmart) in terms of revenue.
The other chains with the most hypermarkets in France are Géant (120 hypermarkets), Auchan (134) and Hyper U (61).
- Géant Discount
- Hyper U
- Intermarché Hyper
- Maxi Coop
- Migros MMM
- Record (Grosbliederstroff)
- Continent – all became Carrefour in 2000
- Hyper Cedico
- Mammouth – The first Mammouth store opened in 1969 near Troyes, and the last store closed in Lacroix-Saint-Ouen on 3 October 2009 after a 10-year delay to close the last store, as it was considered too small for an Auchan hypermarket, but too large for an ATAC supermarket.
- Rallye – first store opened in Brest in 1968; last closed in 2002
- Record – operated from 1967–2008; however there is a Record store still operating in Grosbliederstroff
- Rond Point
- Super Suma – became ATAC
In Germany, the biggest hypermarket brands are Real (METRO AG), Kaufland (which belongs to Lidl), and Marktkauf (which is a brand of AVA, which in turn belongs to EDEKA). However, for various reasons, such as the strong competition by more focused discounters such as Aldi and Lidl, as well as legal restrictions on store size, pricing policy, and opening times, the hypermarket concept is not as widespread in Germany as in other countries.
- Extra Future Store – first store opened in 2003 in Rheinberg; taken over by Real in 2008, which converted it to new Real Future Store hypermarkets
- Interspar – all stores were taken over by Wal-Mart in 1998
- Toom – rebranded to Rewe Center in 2014
- Wal-Mart – moved into Germany in 1998 by taking over Interspar stores, but failed to use its American approach in Germany; in 2006 the remaining 85 hypermarkets were changed to Real hypermarkets.
- Conad Superstore / Conad Ipermercato
- Crai Superstore / Ipermercato Crai
- Esselunga Superstore
- Il Gigante
- Interspar / Iperspar
- IperSimply (Auchan)
- PAM (Pam Superstore / Panorama and Superal)
- Sidis (Ipersidis, Sidis Superstore, Oasi, Migross Superstore, La Girandola, Decò Superstore, L'IperConveniente, MioMercato Superstore and Iper MioMercato)
- Sigma (Sigma Superstore / IperSigma and Ipersì Sigma)
- Sisa Superstore / IperSisa
- Super Spaccio Alimentare
- Auchan City – sold to Coop Italia in 2017 and rebranded Ipercoop
- Billa Superstore – closed in 2013 and rebranded Conad and Carrefour
- CittàMercato – rebranded Auchan
- Cityper – rebranded IperSimply
- E.Leclerc – rebranded Conad in 2014 due to the end of the joint-venture between the two chains
- Euromercato – rebranded Carrefour
- IperAffi – owned only one hypermarket in Affi; rebranded IperOrvea in 2015
- IperCoopca – closed in 2015 due to Coopca's failure
- IperLeDune – rebranded Interspar in 2015
- IperPellicano – closed in 2013 due to Lombardini Holding's bankruptcy
- IperStanda – rebranded Billa Superstore in 2010
- Iperstore GS – rebranded Carrefour
- Megasidis – sold to Auchan in 2012 and then to Coop Italia in 2017
There are several hypermarkets, like the homegrown chain of Maxima supermarkets in Lithuania, which range in sizes from neighborhood convenience stores to giant supercenters or hypermarkets that stock over 65,000 SKUs. The chain has 499 (as of 2013) stores open throughout Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Bulgaria (branded as T-Market) and Poland (branded as Aldik Nova).
- Pavi Supermarket (1 hypermarket)
- Nr 1
- Carrefour (1 hypermarket)
In 1971, Schuitema opened their first Dutch hypermarkets, Famila and Ahold with Miro in Vlissingen. In 1973, SHV Holdings opened Trefcenter. Shortly after, Maxis was created by De Bijenkorf. However, all these hypermarkets failed, and all closed in the 1980s.
In the late 1990s, the American chain A&P started operating supermarkets and several hypermarkets by taking over old Maxis stores. The A&P chain wasn't very successful. C1000 took over the stores in 2000–2003, and the hypermarkets were converted to C1000 supermarkets.
Since 2006, the German chain Famila (currently operating hypermarkets in the north of Germany and Italy) has tried to return in the Netherlands by opening a Dutch hypermarket in Emmen and then expanding in a few years to about 25 hypermarkets between 4,500 and 7,000 square meters. J. Bünting Beteiligungs AG from Leer (Germany) had therefore opened an office in Drachten. However, as of 2013 there were still no Famila stores in the country.
On March 27, 2013, the largest supermarket of the Netherlands was opened by Jumbo in the city of Breda, called Jumbo Foodmarkt. With around 6,000 square meters, this store can be considered a hypermarket, but does not offer non-food products, which is unlike most hypermarkets. The second Jumbo Foodmarkt will open with a size of 7,000 square meters in the unfinished Focus-U-Park shopping center of 30,000 square meters in Steenwijk. This store will sell non-food products, and will be the first real hypermarket in the Netherlands since 2000.
- Defunct brands
- Carrefour – 1 hypermarket closed in 2016
There are Coop Obs! owned by Coop Norge, which operates 24 hypermarkets through the country. Coop Norge also owns three Smart Club outlets (Warehouse club). Other hypermarkets include EuroSpar, a hypermarket brand of Spar, and ICA AB, with ICA Maxi stores.
- Kvickly Xtra (defunct since 2010; earlier known as Obs!)
In Portugal, there are a considerable number of hypermarket chains in operation, including Continente (the biggest and the first Portuguese chain to go international), Auchan, Pingo Doce, Lidl and Intermarché. Most of these chains also operate supermarkets and smaller stores.
- Auchan (Ашан)
- Karusel (Карусель)
- Lenta (Лента)
- Liniya (Линия)
- Magnit (Russia's largest retailer)
- Nash Hypermarket (Наш Гипермаркет)
- OK (О'Кей)
- Vester (Вестер)
There are currently two chains operating hypermarkets in the country. Coop Switzerland owns 13 hypermarkets throughout the West, with the biggest stores situated in Geneva and Fribourg. The Migros chain has 11 MMM hypermarkets, including some in Lausanne, Basel, and two in France which are both near Geneva, one in Thoiry and Étrembières.
and many other local hypermarkets
- Jusco (replaced by Max Value)
- Epicentr K
- Mega Market
- Novaya Linia
- Velika Kishenia
The largest chains in the UK are Tesco, Asda and Sainsbury's, which all operate hypermarkets in the country.
- Carrefour – first Carrefour store opened in the 1970s; UK business was sold to Gateway/Somerfield in 1990 and later was sold to Asda
- Sainsbury's Savacentre – joint ventures between Sainsbury's and BHS, later rebranded Sainsbury's Superstores
- Loblaw Companies owns and operates:
- NorthMart (in the territories and Labrador)
- Walmart Supercentre
- Carrefour – all rebranded Walmart in early 2000s
- Comercial Mexicana – purchased by Soriana in 2016 and defunct by May 2018
Stores in the United States tend to be single-level enterprises with long operating hours; many of them, especially Walmart, are open 24 hours a day (except on certain holidays). The term "hypermarket" is not in general use in the US. Warehouse stores such as Costco and Sam's Club are popular alternatives to discount superstores (hypermarkets) for much the same shopping requirements, requiring an annual membership, purchase of larger sizes of packaged groceries, and a more limited selection of brands and styles.
- Fred Meyer – now a division of Kroger
- Kroger Marketplace
- Smith's Marketplace – nameplate for hypermarkets operated by another Kroger division, Smith's Food & Drug; in a 2004 corporate reorganization, Smith's took over the Utah operations of Fred Meyer
- Walmart Supercenter
- American Fare – division of Kmart/Bruno's
- Auchan – tested in the Houston and Chicago areas; Houston stores closed in 2003
- bigg's – merged with Remke Markets and lost general merchandise section (see Remke Markets bigg's)
- Carrefour – opened hypermarkets in Philadelphia and Voorhees Township, New Jersey, in 1988 and 1992 respectively; both closed in 1993. Some associates wore roller skates to facilitate moving about the large building. The Voorhees location now houses a Kohl's department store, a Raymour & Flanigan furniture store, and a Marshall's discount clothing store. The Philadelphia location (an outparcel of the Philadelphia Mills mall) housed a Walmart discount store (formerly a Bradlees; moved to a Supercenter on the former Ports Of The World/Boscov's/Steve & Barry's site) and still houses Dick's Sporting Goods and Raymour & Flanigan.
- Fedco – membership department store chain, operated in Southern California from 1948 to 1999
- Gemco – division of Lucky Stores
- Harts Stores / Big Bear Plus – division of Big Bear Stores
- Hypermart USA – division of Wal-Mart
- Kmart Super Center – last location closed in April 2018 in Warren, Ohio
- Leedmark – a joint venture involving E.Leclerc of France; operated a single 306,000-square-foot (28,400 m2) store in Glen Burnie, Maryland from 1991 to 1994
- The Real Superstore – a division of the defunct National Tea Company, the former US subsidiary of the Canadian Loblaws chain, which runs The Real Canadian Superstore (see listings for Canada in the Canadian section)
- The Treasury
- Twin Valu – division of ShopKo/SuperValu
The hypermarket concept was not a success in Australia. Coles had their own hypermarkets in the country with the introduction of Super Kmarts in the 1980s, until the results were not positive. The concept was eventually shelved in the 1990s to then divide all Super Kmart stores to have a separate Coles and a separate Kmart.
- Pick 'n Pay Hypermarket (changed to a separate Coles and a Kmart supermarket; in the Aspley Hypermarket Shopping Centre)
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