List of icebreakers

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This is a list of icebreakers and other special vessels capable of operating independently in ice-covered waters. Ships known to be in service are presented in bold.[1][2]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Canada[edit]

Canadian Coast Guard[edit]

CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent in Halifax Harbour

Royal Canadian Navy[edit]

Commercial[edit]

China[edit]

Polar Research Institute of China[edit]

  • Xuě Lóng (雪龙, "Snow Dragon") (1993–)
  • Xuě Lóng 2 (雪龙2, "Snow Dragon 2") (2019– (planned); under construction)[8]

People's Liberation Army Navy[edit]

  • Type 071 icebreaker
    • Haibing 721 (海冰721, "Sea Ice 721") (1971–; in reserve)
    • Haibing 722 (海冰722, "Sea Ice 722") (1973–2013; decommissioned)
    • Haibing 519 (海冰519, "Sea Ice 519") (1989–)
  • Type 210 icebreaker
    • Haibing 723 (海冰723, "Sea Ice 723") (1982–)
  • Type 272 icebreaker
    • Haibing 722 (海冰722, "Sea Ice 722") (2016–)
    • Haibing 723 (海冰723, "Sea Ice 723")(2016–)

Commercial[edit]

  • Bin Hai 293 (滨海293, "Coastal 293") (1997–2016; ex-Robert LeMeur; broken up)[9]

Chile[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Danbjørn, Isbjørn and Thorbjørn moored at Frederikshavn

Estonia[edit]

Estonian Maritime Museum[edit]

  • Suur Tõll (1922–1940; museum ship in Tallinn since 1987)

Estonian Maritime Administration[edit]

  • Tarmo (1993–; purchased from Finland)
  • EVA 316 (1995–; ex-Lonna; purchased from Finland)

Port of Tallinn[edit]

  • Botnica (2012–; purchased from Finland)

Finland[edit]

State-owned icebreakers[edit]

Steam-powered[edit]

Steam-powered icebreakers Tarmo and Jääkarhu

Diesel-electric[edit]

Six modern Finnish icebreakers docked for the summer season at Katajanokka, Helsinki

Finnish Navy[edit]

  • Louhi (1975–1986; ex-Sisu; broken up)
  • Louhi (2011–)

Alfons Håkans[edit]

France[edit]

French Navy[edit]

Compagnie du Ponant[edit]

Other[edit]

Germany[edit]

German icebreaker

India[edit]

  • Indian Polar Research Vessel (IPRV) is expected to enter service by 2020.[18][19][20]

Japan[edit]

Imperial Japanese Navy[edit]

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force[edit]

Japan Coast Guard[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

The following icebreaking supply ships have been used in the Caspian oil fields:

Latvia[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Greenpeace[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

  • Perkun (1963–1993; broken up)

Russia[edit]

Icebreakers[edit]

The following lists include icebreakers owned and/or operated by both government-owned as well as commercial entities.

Nuclear-powered icebreakers[edit]

Diesel-powered icebreakers[edit]

Kapitan Khlebnikov en route to Wrangel Island

Steam-powered icebreakers[edit]

Steam-powered icebreaker Yermak

Other icebreaking vessels[edit]

The following ships are anchor handling tug supply vessels, platform supply vessels, research vessels, patrol vessels or other multipurpose vessels with significant icebreaking capability.

South Africa[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

See Russia

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Swedish Maritime Administration[edit]

Swedish icebreaker Ymer

Trans Viking Icebreaking & Offshore[edit]

Three icebreaking anchor handling tug supply vessels were chartered by the Swedish Maritime Administration for escort icebreaking duties in the Baltic Sea until 2015.

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

HMS Protector

United States[edit]

United States Coast Guard[edit]

National Science Foundation[edit]

Edison Chouest Offshore[edit]

References[edit]

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  19. ^ [1]
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