List of icebreakers

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This is a list of icebreakers and other special vessels capable of operating independently in ice-covered waters. Ships known to be in service are presented in bold.[1][2]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

  • Aurora Australis (1990–)
  • A new icebreaking research vessel is expected to enter service in 2019.[3]

Austria[edit]

Canada[edit]

Canadian Coast Guard[edit]

CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent in Halifax Harbour

Royal Canadian Navy[edit]

Commercial[edit]

China[edit]

Polar Research Institute of China[edit]

  • Xuě Lóng (雪龙, "Snow Dragon") (1993–)
  • A new Chinese-built polar icebreaker is currently at the design stage.[8][9]

People's Liberation Army Navy[edit]

Commercial[edit]

Chile[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Danbjørn, Isbjørn and Thorbjørn moored at Frederikshavn

Estonia[edit]

Estonian Maritime Museum[edit]

  • Suur Tõll (1922–1940; museum ship in Tallinn since 1987)

Estonian Maritime Administration[edit]

  • Tarmo (1993–; purchased from Finland)
  • EVA 316 (1995–; ex-Lonna; purchased from Finland)

Port of Tallinn[edit]

  • Botnica (2012–; purchased from Finland)

Finland[edit]

State-owned icebreakers[edit]

Steam-powered[edit]

Steam-powered icebreakers Tarmo and Jääkarhu

Diesel-electric[edit]

Six modern Finnish icebreakers docked for the summer season at Katajanokka, Helsinki

Finnish Navy[edit]

  • Louhi (1975–1986; ex-Sisu; broken up)
  • Louhi (2011–)

Alfons Håkans[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

German icebreaker

India[edit]

  • A new polar research vessel is expected to enter service by 2017.[17]

Japan[edit]

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force[edit]

Japan Coast Guard[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

The following icebreaking supply ships are in service in the Caspian oil fields:

Latvia[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Greenpeace[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

  • Perkun (1963–1993; broken up)

Russia[edit]

Icebreakers[edit]

The following lists include icebreakers owned and/or operated by both government-owned as well as commercial entities.

Nuclear-powered icebreakers[edit]

Diesel-powered icebreakers[edit]

Kapitan Khlebnikov en route to Wrangel Island

Steam-powered icebreakers[edit]

Steam-powered icebreaker Yermak

Other icebreaking vessels[edit]

The following ships are anchor handling tug supply vessels, platform supply vessels, research vessels, patrol vessels or other multipurpose vessels with significant icebreaking capability.

South Africa[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

See Russia

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Swedish Maritime Administration[edit]

Swedish icebreaker Ymer
  • Sankt Erik (1915–1977; ex-Isbrytaren II (–1959); museum ship since 1977)
  • Atle (1926–1967; ex-Statsisbrytaren (–1931); broken up)[58]
  • Ymer (1933–1977; broken up)[59]
  • Thule (1953–1998; broken up)[60]
  • Oden (1957–1988; broken up)[61]
  • Tor (1964–2000; sold to Russia)[39]
  • Njord (1969–2000; sold and renamed Polar Star)[62]
  • Ale (1973–)
  • Atle (1974–)
  • Frej (1975–)
  • Ymer (1977–)
  • Oden (1988–)

Trans Viking Icebreaking & Offshore[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

HMS Endurance in Portsmouth

United States[edit]

United States Coast Guard[edit]

National Science Foundation[edit]

Edison Chouest Offshore[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ilmari Aro (17 November 2008). "THE WORLD ICEBREAKER AND ICEBREAKING SUPPLY VESSEL FLEET" (PDF). Baltic Icebreaking Management. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Major icebreakers of the world. USCG Office of Waterways and Ocean Policy. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  3. ^ Two vie for icebreaker contract. The Advocate, 22 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
  4. ^ a b Ships of the CCG 1850-1967. Canadian Coast Guard. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
  5. ^ http://www.colsbleus.fr/articles/7091
  6. ^ Juurmaa, K. and Wilkman, G. (2002): Supply operations in ice conditions. Published at Okhotsk Sea & Sea Ice, Mombetsu, Japan. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  7. ^ Potential buyer: Once-valued ship now good only for scrap. Business Herald, 22 November 2011. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  8. ^ China to build new icebreaker for polar research expeditions. NDTV, 5 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
  9. ^ New icebreaker planned by 2016: officials. Chinadaily.com.cn, 6 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
  10. ^ "Bin Hai 293 (8111374)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2015-10-12. (registration required (help)). 
  11. ^ VARD Designed Antarctic Icebreaker for Chilean Navy. MarineLink.com, 1 February 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-19.
  12. ^ a b c d Mens vi venter på isen. Maskinmesteren Februar 2009, page 36. Retrieved 2015-10-12.
  13. ^ a b To sidste isbrydere forlader Frederikshavn. Maritime Danmark, 3 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-02.
  14. ^ Statslig isbryder solgt - bliver i Danmark. Nordjylland, 8 September 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-02.
  15. ^ La construction de l'Astrolabe a débuté. Mer et Marine, 6 January 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
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  17. ^ India To Acquire Polar Research Vessel. Marine Insight, 31 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-03.
  18. ^ Norway to build modern icebreaker for oil, gas exploration in Arctic by 2016. Voice of Russia, 20 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-08.
  19. ^ Russia awards icebreaker contracts. World Nuclear News, 9 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
  20. ^ Russia to build icebreakers to secure its Arctic power position. The Voice of Russia, 9 November 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
  21. ^ US$200m boost for Russian shipbuilding. The MediTelegraph, 17 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
  22. ^ a b Baltiysky Zavod will lay down 60 MW icebreaker Ural on July 25, 2016. PortNews, 20 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  23. ^ a b "Kapitan Belousov (5181598)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  24. ^ "Kapitan Voronin (5181689)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  25. ^ "Kapitan Meheklov (5181639)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  26. ^ "Moskva (5242495)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  27. ^ "Leningrad (5206104)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Project 97. Russian-ships.info. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  29. ^ 6500765 VASILIY PRONCHISHCHEV. Maritime Connector. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
  30. ^ 6500791 AFANnovoASIY NIKITIN. Maritime Connector. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  31. ^ Russians towing Canadians - Part 1. Tugfax. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
  32. ^ "Ivan Kruzenstern (640380)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2015-10-11. 
  33. ^ "Yuriy Lisyanskiy (652725)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2015-10-11. 
  34. ^ "Kiev (6424040)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  35. ^ "Murmansk (6723678)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  36. ^ "Vladivostok (6822786)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  37. ^ "Fyodor Litke (7020085)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2012-11-25. (registration required (help)). 
  38. ^ "Semyon Dezhnev (7119446)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2012-11-25. (registration required (help)). 
  39. ^ a b "Tor (5418197)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  40. ^ a b Vyborg Shipyard starts building hull of 21900M icebreaker "Novorossiysk" for Rosmorport (photo). PortNews, 8 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
  41. ^ Vyborg Shipyard lays down lead icebreaking ship for Gazprom Neft Novy Port (photo). PortNews, 3 November 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  42. ^ Two modern icebreaking support vessels 22 MW will be built at Vyborg Shipyard. Vyborg Shipyard PJSC, 13 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
  43. ^ Vyborg Shipyard lays down port icebreaker Ob for Sabetta. PortNews, 27 September 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-27.
  44. ^ Ледокол "Саратов" планируют поднять со дна Волги в декабре. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  45. ^ Ledokol 3 1899. Tyne Built Ships. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
  46. ^ D/S Ledokol V (Ледокол № 5) (+1941). Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2013-10-24.
  47. ^ "Ledokol VI (96)". Clydebuilt Ships Database. Clydesite. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  48. ^ Ledokol VII 1916. Tyne Built Ships. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
  49. ^ "Ledokol VIII (97)". Clydebuilt Ships Database. Clydesite. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  50. ^ Ledokol IX 1917. Tyne Built Ships. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
  51. ^ "Smit Sakhalin (8127830)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2015-10-12. (registration required (help)). 
  52. ^ "Kigoriak (7824261)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2015-10-12. (registration required (help)). 
  53. ^ "Vladimir Ignatyuk (8127804)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2015-10-12. (registration required (help)). 
  54. ^ "Ikaluk (8130693)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2015-10-12. (registration required (help)). 
  55. ^ a b Nordic Yards schedules launch of two MPSVs for Rosmorrechflot’s rescue service for September 2114 (photo). PortNews, 3 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-23.
  56. ^ Havyard: Icebreaker Aleut on its way to Norway. Offshore Energy Today, 27 May 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
  57. ^ Russian Navy’s brand new icebreaker Ilya Muromets floats off. RT.com, 10 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  58. ^ "Atle (5503000)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  59. ^ "Ymer (5395802)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  60. ^ "Thule (5360560)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  61. ^ "Oden (5260916)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  62. ^ "Njord (6905745)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2012-11-06. (subscription required (help)). 
  63. ^ Polar Icebreaker. United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 2016-07-02.
  64. ^ "R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 2007-08-16. 
  65. ^ "R/V Laurence M. Gould". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 2007-08-16.