List of icebreakers

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This is a list of icebreakers and other special icebreaking vessels (except cargo ships and tankers) capable of operating independently in ice-covered waters. Ships known to be in service are presented in bold.[1][2]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

Austria[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Canada[edit]

Canadian Coast Guard[edit]

CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent in Halifax Harbour

Royal Canadian Navy[edit]

Commercial[edit]

China[edit]

Polar Research Institute of China[edit]

People's Liberation Army Navy[edit]

  • Type 071 icebreaker
    • Haibing 721 (海冰721, "Sea Ice 721") (1971–; in reserve)
    • Haibing 722 (海冰722, "Sea Ice 722") (1973–2013; decommissioned)
    • Haibing 519 (海冰519, "Sea Ice 519") (1989–)
  • Type 210 icebreaker
    • Haibing 723 (海冰723, "Sea Ice 723") (1982–)
  • Type 272 icebreaker
    • Haibing 722 (海冰722, "Sea Ice 722") (2016–)
    • Haibing 723 (海冰723, "Sea Ice 723") (2016–)

Commercial[edit]

Chile[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Danbjørn, Isbjørn and Thorbjørn moored at Frederikshavn

Estonia[edit]

Estonian Maritime Museum[edit]

  • Suur Tõll (1922–1940; museum ship in Tallinn since 1987)

Estonian Maritime Administration[edit]

  • Tarmo (1993–; purchased from Finland)
  • EVA 316 (1995–; ex-Lonna; purchased from Finland)

Port of Tallinn[edit]

  • Karu (1988–2002; ex-Karhu, ex-Kapitan Chubakov; purchased from Finland and sold to Russia)
  • Botnica (2012–; purchased from Finland)

Finland[edit]

State-owned icebreakers[edit]

Steam-powered[edit]

Steam-powered icebreakers Tarmo and Jääkarhu

Diesel-electric[edit]

Six modern Finnish icebreakers docked for the summer season at Katajanokka, Helsinki

Finnish Navy[edit]

  • Louhi (1975–1986; ex-Sisu; broken up)
  • Louhi (2011–)

Alfons Håkans[edit]

  • Zeus of Finland (1995–; ex-Zeus)
  • Thetis (2016–; ex-Maersk Shipper, ex-Maersk Placentia)
  • Hermes (2016–; ex-Drive Mahone, ex-Maersk Mahone, ex-Maersk Server; laid up)

France[edit]

French Navy[edit]

Compagnie du Ponant[edit]

Other[edit]

Germany[edit]

German icebreaker

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Imperial Japanese Navy[edit]

Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force[edit]

Japan Coast Guard[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

The following icebreaking supply ships are operating or have operated in the Kazakh Caspian Sea oil fields:

  • Arcticaborg (1998–2018; sold to Canada)
  • Antarcticaborg (1998–2019; sold to Russia)
  • Tulpar (2002–)
  • Mangystau-1 (2010–)
  • Mangystau-2 (2010–2020; transferred to Turkmenian flag)
  • Mangystau-3 (2011–)
  • Mangystau-4 (2011–)
  • Mangystau-5 (2011–)

Latvia[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Greenpeace[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

  • Perkun (1963–1993; broken up)
  • Kuna (1884–; oldest in service river icebreaker in the world)

Russia[edit]

Icebreakers[edit]

The following lists include icebreakers owned and/or operated by either governmental or commercial entities.

Nuclear-powered icebreakers[edit]

Diesel-powered icebreakers[edit]

Kapitan Khlebnikov en route to Wrangel Island

Steam-powered icebreakers[edit]

Steam-powered icebreaker Yermak

Other icebreaking vessels[edit]

Offshore vessels[edit]

The following are Russian-owned, -operated and/or -flagged icebreaking anchor handling tug supply vessels, platform supply vessels, standby vessels etc. engaged primarily in offshore oil and gas projects:

In addition, the following shallow-draught icebreaking offshore vessels operate in the Russian sector of the Caspian Sea oil fields:

  • Arctic (2012–)[97]
  • Bumi Uray (2015–)[98]
  • Bumi Pokachi (2015–)[98]
  • Bumi Naryan-Mar (2015–)[98]
  • Antarctic (2017–)[97]
  • Polar (2021–)[99][100]
  • Polus (2021–)[101]
  • Arkada (2022– (planned); ordered)[102]

Patrol and naval vessels[edit]

The following vessels are or have been in service with the Russian Navy and its predecessors:

Research and survey vessels[edit]

South Africa[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

See Russia

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Swedish Maritime Administration[edit]

Swedish icebreaker Ymer

Trans Viking Icebreaking & Offshore[edit]

Three icebreaking anchor handling tug supply vessels were chartered by the Swedish Maritime Administration for escort icebreaking duties in the Baltic Sea until 2015.

Turkmenistan[edit]

  • Mangystau-2 (2020–2021; sold to Canada)

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

HMS Protector

United States[edit]

United States Coast Guard[edit]

National Science Foundation[edit]

Edison Chouest Offshore[edit]

References[edit]

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