List of images on the cover of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
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The Beatles' 1967 album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band has a widely recognized album cover that depicts several dozen celebrities and other images. The image was made by posing The Beatles in front of life-sized, black-and-white photographs pasted onto hardboard and hand tinted.
It was created by Jann Haworth and Peter Blake, who in 1967 won the Grammy Award for Best Album Cover, Graphic Arts for their work on it. Many people have speculated about the cover's intended meaning.[failed verification]
“I suggested that they had just played a concert in the park. They were posing for a photograph and the crowd behind them was a crowd of fans who had been at the concert. Having decided on this, then, by making cut-outs, the fans could be anybody, dead or alive, real or fictitious. If we wanted Hansel and Gretel, I could paint them and they could be photographed and blown up. I asked the four Beatles for a list and I did one myself. Robert Fraser did a list and I can’t remember whether Brian Epstein did one or not. The way that worked out was fascinating. John gave me a list and so did Paul. George suggested only Indian gurus, about six of them, and Ringo said, ‘Whatever the others say is fine by me’ and didn’t suggest anyone. It’s an insight into their characters. All kinds of people were suggested. Hitler was there; he is actually in the set-up, but he is covered by the Beatles themselves as we felt he was too controversial. The same applied to Jesus. There were only two of their contemporaries on the cover. Bob Dylan was suggested by John and I put on Dion because he is a great favourite of mine.”
(Peter Blake, quoted in Leigh 2016, Ch. 7).
People on the cover
- (1) Sri Yukteswar Giri (Hindu guru)
- (2) Aleister Crowley (occultist)
- (3) Mae West (actress)
- (4) Lenny Bruce (comedian)
- (5) Karlheinz Stockhausen (composer)
- (6) W. C. Fields (comedian/actor)
- (7) Carl Jung (psychiatrist)
- (8) Edgar Allan Poe (writer)
- (9) Fred Astaire (actor/dancer)
- (10) Richard Merkin (artist)
- (11) The Vargas Girl (by artist Alberto Vargas)
- (12) Leo Gorcey (image was removed from cover, but the space remains between "The Vargas Girl" and "Huntz Hall")
- (13) Huntz Hall (actor)
- (14) Simon Rodia (designer and builder of the Watts Towers)
- (15) Bob Dylan (singer/songwriter)
- (16) Aubrey Beardsley (illustrator)
- (17) Sir Robert Peel (19th century British Prime Minister)
- (18) Aldous Huxley (writer)
- (19) Dylan Thomas (poet)
- (20) Terry Southern (writer)
- (21) Dion DiMucci (singer/songwriter)
- (22) Tony Curtis (actor)
- (23) Wallace Berman (artist)
- (24) Tommy Handley (comedian)
- (25) Marilyn Monroe (actress)
- (26) William S. Burroughs (writer)
- (27) Sri Mahavatar Babaji (Hindu guru)
- (28) Stan Laurel (actor/comedian)
- (29) Richard Lindner (artist)
- (30) Oliver Hardy (actor/comedian)
- (31) Karl Marx (political philosopher)
- (32) H. G. Wells (writer)
- (33) Sri Paramahansa Yogananda (Hindu guru)
- (34A) James Joyce (Irish poet and novelist) – barely visible below Bob Dylan
- (34) Anonymous (hairdresser's wax dummy)
- (35) Stuart Sutcliffe (artist/former Beatle)
- (36) Anonymous (hairdresser's wax dummy)
- (37) Max Miller (comedian)
- (38) A "Petty Girl" (by artist George Petty)
- (39) Marlon Brando (actor)
- (40) Tom Mix (actor)
- (41) Oscar Wilde (writer)
- (42) Tyrone Power (actor)
- (43) Larry Bell (artist)
- (44) David Livingstone (missionary/explorer)
- (45) Johnny Weissmuller (Olympic swimmer/Tarzan actor)
- (46) Stephen Crane (writer) – barely visible between Issy Bonn's head and raised arm
- (47) Issy Bonn (comedian)
- (48) George Bernard Shaw (playwright)
- (49) H. C. Westermann (sculptor)
- (50) Albert Stubbins (English footballer)
- (51) Sri Lahiri Mahasaya (guru)
- (52) Lewis Carroll (writer)
- (53) T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia")
- (54) Wax model of Sonny Liston (boxer)
- (55) A "Petty Girl" (by George Petty)
- (56) Wax model of George Harrison
- (57) Wax model of John Lennon
- (58) Shirley Temple (child actress) – barely visible behind the wax models of John and Ringo, first of three appearances on the cover
- (59) Wax model of Ringo Starr
- (60) Wax model of Paul McCartney
- (61) Albert Einstein (physicist) – largely obscured
- (62) John Lennon holding a french horn
- (63) Ringo Starr holding a trumpet
- (64) Paul McCartney holding a cor anglais
- (65) George Harrison holding a piccolo
- (65A) Bette Davis (actress) – hair barely visible on top of George's shoulder
- (66) Bobby Breen (singer)
- (67) Marlene Dietrich (actress/singer)
- (68) Mahatma Gandhi was planned for this position, but was deleted prior to publication
- (69) An American legionnaire
- (70) Wax model of Diana Dors (actress)
- (71) Shirley Temple (child actress) – second appearance on the cover
Props on the cover
- Cloth grandmother-figure by Jann Haworth
- Cloth doll by Haworth of Shirley Temple wearing a sweater that reads "Welcome The Rolling Stones Good Guys" – third and last appearance on the cover
- A ceramic Mexican craft known as a Tree of Life from Metepec, substituted at the request of Germán Valdés, who had been asked to give consent for his image to appear.
- A 9-inch Sony television set, apparently owned by Paul McCartney; the receipt, bearing McCartney's signature, is owned by a curator of a museum dedicated to The Beatles in Japan.
- A stone figure of a girl
- Another stone figure
- A statue brought over from John Lennon's house
- A trophy
- A doll of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi
- A drumhead, designed by fairground artist Joe Ephgrave
- A hookah (water pipe)
- A velvet snake
- A Fukusuke, Japanese china figure
- A stone figure of Snow White
- A garden gnome
- A baritone horn
- A three-stringed flower guitar
People excluded from the cover
- (12) Leo Gorcey – was modelled and originally included to the left of Huntz Hall, but was subsequently removed when a fee of $400 was requested for the use of the actor's likeness.
- (54A) Unidentified laughing figure – barely visible
- (56A) Sophia Loren (actress) – behind The Beatles waxworks
- (58A) Marcello Mastroianni (actor) – behind The Beatles waxworks, only the top of the hat is slightly visible
- (65B) Timothy Carey (actor) – was modelled and originally included but largely obscured by George Harrison in the final picture
- (68) Mahatma Gandhi – was modelled and originally included to the right of Lewis Carroll, but was subsequently removed. According to McCartney, "Gandhi also had to go because the head of EMI, Sir Joe Lockwood, said that in India they wouldn't allow the record to be printed".
- Jesus Christ – was requested by Lennon, but not modelled because the LP would be released just over a year after Lennon's Jesus statement.
- (C) Adolf Hitler – was modelled and was visible in early photographs of the montage, positioned to the right of Larry Bell, but was eventually removed when his inclusion was considered offensive.
- Southall, Brian. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band : the album, the Beatles, and the world in 1967 (First U.S. ed.). London. ISBN 9781632892133. OCLC 975176224.
- Twemlow, Alice, "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band cover, UK: Peter Blake and Jann Haworth, 1967", in Lees-Maffei, Grace (ed.), Iconic designs : 50 stories about 50 things, London, pp. 85–87, ISBN 9780857853523, OCLC 860754458
- Rosen, Jody (8 June 2007). "Everything You Know About Sgt. Pepper's Is Wrong". Slate. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Leigh, Spencer (2016). Love Me Do to Love Me Don't. McNidder and Grace Limited. ISBN 0857161350. OCLC 958455599.
- Miles, Barry (1998). The Beatles: A Diary. Omnibus Press, London. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-7119-6315-3.
- Chunichi Shimbun. "Beatles' 'Sgt. Pepper' album cover mystery a piece of Japanese history". Japan Times. Archived from the original on 12 July 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
- "The man who created the world's most famous drum-skin". shada.plus.com. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- Sullivan, James (25 March 2007). "Where's Brando?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Bennett, Greg (31 May 2007). "Shooting Sgt. Pepper". Daily Mirror. London. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Barnes, Anthony (4 February 2007). "Where's Adolf? The mystery of Sgt Pepper is solved". The Independent. London. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- raul (24 January 2010). "Hitler Did Not Make The Final Cut On The Beatles "Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band" Album Cover". feelnumb.com. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album at The Beatles' official website
- Interactive cover at the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Numbered list with graphical reference
- Interactive cover including missing/airbrushed celebrities and static objects