List of impact craters in Asia and Russia

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This list includes all 30 confirmed impact craters in Asia and Russia as listed in the Earth Impact Database. (There are 31 if Saqqar is included.)[1][2] These features were caused by the collision of large meteorites or comets with the Earth. For eroded or buried craters, the stated diameter typically refers to an estimate of original rim diameter, and may not correspond to present surface features.

For additional geographic grouping, non-Siberian Russian craters include the region's federal district.

Siberia as North Asia
Name Location Diameter (km) Age (years) Coordinates
Beyenchime-Salaatin Russia (Siberia) 8 40 ± 20 million 71°0′N 121°40′E / 71.000°N 121.667°E / 71.000; 121.667 (Beyenchime-Salaatin)
Bigach Kazakhstan 8 5 ± 3 million 48°34′N 82°1′E / 48.567°N 82.017°E / 48.567; 82.017 (Bigach)
Chiyli Kazakhstan 5.5 46 ± 7 million 49°10′N 57°51′E / 49.167°N 57.850°E / 49.167; 57.850 (Chiyli)
Chukcha Russia (Siberia) 6 < 70 million 75°42′N 97°48′E / 75.700°N 97.800°E / 75.700; 97.800 (Chukcha)
Dhala India 11 1700-2100 million 25°18′N 78°8′E / 25.300°N 78.133°E / 25.300; 78.133 (Dhala)
El'gygytgyn Russia (Siberia) 18 3.5 ± 0.5 million 67°30′N 172°5′E / 67.500°N 172.083°E / 67.500; 172.083 (El'gygytgyn)
Gusev Russia (Southern) 3 49.0 ± 0.2 million 48°26′N 40°32′E / 48.433°N 40.533°E / 48.433; 40.533 (Gusev)
Jabal Waqf es Swwan Jordan 5.5 37-56 million 31°3′N 36°48′E / 31.050°N 36.800°E / 31.050; 36.800 (Jabal Waqf es Swwan)
Jänisjärvi Russia (Northwestern) 14 700 ± 5 million 61°58′N 30°55′E / 61.967°N 30.917°E / 61.967; 30.917 (Jänisjärvi)
Kaluga Russia (Central) 15 380 ± 5 million 54°30′N 36°12′E / 54.500°N 36.200°E / 54.500; 36.200 (Kaluga)
Kamensk Russia (Southern) 25 49.0 ± 0.2 million 48°21′N 40°30′E / 48.350°N 40.500°E / 48.350; 40.500 (Kamensk)
Kara Russia (Northwestern) 65 70.3 ± 2.2 million 69°6′N 64°9′E / 69.100°N 64.150°E / 69.100; 64.150 (Kara)
Karakul Tajikistan 52 < 5 million 39°1′N 73°27′E / 39.017°N 73.450°E / 39.017; 73.450 (Kara-Kul)
Karla Russia (Volga) 10 5 ± 1 million 54°55′N 48°2′E / 54.917°N 48.033°E / 54.917; 48.033 (Karla)
Kursk Russia (Central) 6 250 ± 80 million 51°42′N 36°0′E / 51.700°N 36.000°E / 51.700; 36.000 (Kursk)
Logancha Russia (Siberia) 20 40 ± 20 million 65°31′N 95°56′E / 65.517°N 95.933°E / 65.517; 95.933 (Logancha)
Lonar India 1.83 52,000 ± 6,000 19°58′N 76°31′E / 19.967°N 76.517°E / 19.967; 76.517 (Lonar)
Macha Russia (Siberia) 0.3 < 7000 60°6′N 117°35′E / 60.100°N 117.583°E / 60.100; 117.583 (Macha)
Mishina Gora Russia (Northwestern) 2.5 300 ± 50 million 58°43′N 28°3′E / 58.717°N 28.050°E / 58.717; 28.050 (Mishina Gora)
Popigai Russia (Siberia) 100 35.7 ± 0.2 million 71°39′N 111°11′E / 71.650°N 111.183°E / 71.650; 111.183 (Popigai)
Puchezh-Katunki Russia (Volga) 80 167 ± 3 million 56°58′N 43°43′E / 56.967°N 43.717°E / 56.967; 43.717 (Puchezh-Katunki)
Ragozinka Russia (Urals) 9 46 ± 3 million 58°44′N 61°48′E / 58.733°N 61.800°E / 58.733; 61.800 (Ragozinka)
Shunak Kazakhstan 2.8 45 ± 10 million 47°13′N 72°46′E / 47.217°N 72.767°E / 47.217; 72.767 (Shunak)
Sikhote-Alin Russia (Siberia) 0.026 69 46°7′N 134°40′E / 46.117°N 134.667°E / 46.117; 134.667 (Sikhote-Alin)
Sobolev Russia (Siberia) 0.053 < 1000 46°18′N 137°52′E / 46.300°N 137.867°E / 46.300; 137.867 (Sobolev)
Suavjärvi Russia (Northwestern) 16 2400 million (approx.) 63°7′N 33°23′E / 63.117°N 33.383°E / 63.117; 33.383 (Suavjärvi)
Tabun-Khara-Obo Mongolia 1.3 150 ± 20 million 44°8′N 109°39′E / 44.133°N 109.650°E / 44.133; 109.650 (Tabun-Khara-Obo)
Wabar Saudi Arabia 0.116 153 21°30′N 50°28′E / 21.500°N 50.467°E / 21.500; 50.467 (Wabar)
Xiuyan China 1.8 ~50,000 40°21′N 123°27′E / 40.350°N 123.450°E / 40.350; 123.450 (Xiuyan)
Zhamanshin Kazakhstan 14 900,000 ± 100,000 48°24′N 60°58′E / 48.400°N 60.967°E / 48.400; 60.967 (Zhamanshin)

Unconfirmed impact craters[edit]

The following craters are officially considered "unconfirmed" because they are not listed in the Earth Impact Database. Due to stringent requirements regarding evidence and peer-reviewed publication, newly discovered craters or those with difficulty collecting evidence generally are known for some time before becoming listed. However, entries on the unconfirmed list could still have an impact origin disproven.

Name Location Diameter Age Coordinates
Cheko Siberia, Russia ~0.5 km ~100 years 60°57′50″N 101°51′36″E / 60.964°N 101.86°E / 60.964; 101.86 (Cheko)
Patomskiy Russia ~0.16 km ~300 years 59°17′4″N 116°35′22″E / 59.28444°N 116.58944°E / 59.28444; 116.58944 (Patomskiy)
Ramgarh Rajasthan, India ~3 km ? 25°20′56″N 76°37′29″E / 25.34889°N 76.62472°E / 25.34889; 76.62472 (Ramgarh)
Shiva Indian Ocean west of India ~600 km ~65 Ma 18°40′N 70°14′E / 18.667°N 70.233°E / 18.667; 70.233 (Shiva)
Saqqar[2] Saudi Arabia 34 km 70-410 Ma 29°35′N 38°42′E / 29.583°N 38.700°E / 29.583; 38.700 (Saqqar)
Tokrauskaya Kazakhstan ~220 km ~450 Ma
Ishim[3] Kazakhstan ~350 km ~450 Ma

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ferrière, L., Meteorite Impact Structures
  2. ^ a b Kenkmann, T., Afifi, A. M., Stewart, S. A., Poelchau, M. H., Cook, D. J. and Neville, A. S. (2015), Saqqar: A 34 km diameter impact structure in Saudi Arabia. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 50: 1925–1940.
  3. ^ Frank Dachille. "Frequency of the formation of large terrestrial impact craters". 

External links[edit]