List of important publications in philosophy

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This is a list of important publications in philosophy, organized by field.

Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:

  • Topic creator – A publication that created a new topic
  • Breakthrough – A publication that changed scientific knowledge significantly
  • Influence – A publication which has significantly influenced the world or has had a massive impact on the teaching of philosophy.

History of European and Islamic Philosophy[edit]

Ancient Philosophy[edit]

Medieval Philosophy[edit]

Modern Philosophy[edit]

Title page of Advancement of Learning by Francis Bacon

Asian Philosophy[edit]

Indian Philosophy[edit]

Chinese Philosophy[edit]

Zhou Dynasty[edit]

Warring States[edit]

Song Dynasty[edit]


  • Feng Youlan, A History of Chinese Philosophy, 1934
  • Feng Youlan, New Rational Philosophy, 1939

Japanese Philosophy[edit]

Pre-Meiji Buddhism[edit]

Modern Philosophy[edit]

Contemporary Philosophy[edit]

Phenomenology and Existentialism[edit]

Hermeneutics and Deconstruction[edit]

Structuralism and Post-structuralism[edit]

Critical Theory and Marxism[edit]



Philosophy of biology[edit]

Philosophy of chemistry[edit]

Philosophy of mind[edit]

Philosophy of physics[edit]

Philosophy of psychology[edit]

Philosophy of religion[edit]

Philosophy of science[edit]

Ethics, value, and social philosophy[edit]



Freedom and responsibility[edit]
Business ethics[edit]
  • Tibor R. Machan, The Morality of Business: A Profession for Human Wealthcare (2007)
  • Judith Butler, 'Performative Acts and Gender Constitution', (1988)

Philosophy of economics[edit]

Philosophy of education[edit]

Philosophy of history[edit]

Philosophy of law[edit]

Political philosophy[edit]


Logic, language, and mathematics[edit]

Logic and philosophy of logic[edit]

Philosophy of language[edit]

Philosophy of mathematics[edit]

See also[edit]



Further reading[edit]