List of incidents of civil unrest in New York City
This list is about incidents of civil unrest, rioting, violent labor disputes, or minor insurrections or revolts in New York City.
Civil unrest in New York by date in ascending order, from earliest to latest.
- 1712 – New York Slave Revolt occurred on April 6, when Africans set fire to a building and attacked settlers
- 1741 – New York Conspiracy occurred when a series of fires March through April burned portions of the city
- 1788 – Doctors Mob Riot, occurred in April over the illegal procurement of corpses from the graves of slaves and poor whites
- 1834 – Anti-abolitionist riot, occurred from July 7 to July 10 over abolitionism
- 1837 – Flour Riots, occurred February 12, when merchant stores were sacked, destroying or looting 500-600 barrels of flour and 1,000 bushels of wheat
- 1844 – Brooklyn riot, occurred on April 4 between nativists and Irish immigrants.
- 1849 – Astor Place riot, occurred May 10 at the Astor Opera House between immigrants and nativists
- 1857 – New York City Police Riot occurred June 16 between the New York Municipal Police and the Metropolitan Police over the Mayor's appointment for the position of city street commissioner
- 1857 – Dead Rabbits Riot, occurred July 4 through 5 and consisted of widespread gang violence and looting
- 1863 – New York City draft riots, occurred July 13 through 16 in response to government efforts to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.
- 1870 – First New York City Orange riot, occurred July 12 when demonstrators clashed with hecklers and laborers during a parade
- 1871 – Second New York City Orange riot, occurred July 12 when Orangemen, police and militia clashed with the crowd during a parade
- 1874 – Tompkins Square riot, occurred January 13 when the New York City Police Department clashed with demonstrators
- 1917 – New York City Food Riot, occurred February 20 over shortages related to World War I
- 1919 – May Day Riots
- 1919 – New York race riots of 1919
- 1922 – Straw Hat Riot, occurred September 13 and 14 when gangs of boys stole hats throughout the city and assaulted those who resisted
- 1935 – Harlem riot, occurred March 19–20, sparked by rumors of the beating of a teenage shoplifter
- 1943 – Harlem riot, occurred August 1 and 2 following the nonfatal shooting of Robert Bandy by a white police officer
- 1964 – Harlem riot, occurred July 16 through 22, following the fatal police shooting of a 15-year-old African American bystander
- 1968 – New York City riot, occurred April 4 and 5 following the assassination of Martin Luther King
- 1968 – Columbia University protests, occurred April 23 in response to the Vietnam War and segregation
- 1969 – Stonewall riots, occurred June 28 through July 2 as a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay (LGBT) community in response to a police raid of the Stonewall Inn
- 1970 – Hard Hat Riot, occurred May 8 in a confrontation between construction workers and protesters of the Vietnam War, the Kent State shootings, and the U.S. invasion of Cambodia
- 1973 – Shooting of Clifford Glover, occurred on April 28 and led to several days of rioting in the South Jamaica neighborhood
- 1977 – New York City Blackout riot, occurred July 13 and 14, when widespread looting and arson followed a power outage
- 1988 – Tompkins Square Park riot, occurred August 6 and 7 as protesters against a city imposed curfew clashed with police
- 1991 – Crown Heights riot, occurred August 19 through 21 between black and Orthodox Jewish residents after two children of Guyanese immigrants were unintentionally struck by an automobile
- 1992 – Washington Heights riots, occurred July 4 through 7 following the fatal police shooting of Jose Garcia, a Puerto Rican. One man was killed after falling five stories off a building, 15 were injured and 11 were arrested.
- 2011 – Occupy Wall Street (Brooklyn Bridge protests). Demonstrators blocked the bridge and more than 700 people were arrested. Brooklyn, New York
- 2013 – Flatbush Riots, on March 11, a candlelight vigil was held in response to the police shooting death of 16-year-old Kimani Gray, who allegedly pointed a .38 caliber pistol at the officers. The demonstration turned violent due to disappointment that no public officials had attended. At least one person was injured and a Rite Aid store was looted and damaged. There was one arrest on disorderly conduct. Violence continued on March 12 resulting in two officers receiving minor injuries and 46 arrests, mostly for disorderly conduct.
By number of deaths
The following is a list of civil unrest in New York by number of deaths in descending order from most to least deaths. In cases where the number of deaths is uncertain, the lowest estimate is used.
- 1863 – New York City draft riots, 120 killed and 2,000 to 8,000 injured
- 1871 – Second New York City orange riot, more than 60 dead, more than 150 wounded
- 1741 – New York Conspiracy, 35 total executed as a result
- 1712 – New York Slave Revolt, 31 total deaths consisting of 9 killed in the revolt and 23 executed as a result
- 1849 – Astor Place riot, 25 killed and more than 120 injured
- 1857 – Dead Rabbits Riot, eight dead and between 30 and 100 injured
- 1870 – First New York City orange riot. eight dead
- 1788 – Doctors Mob Riot, between six and 20 dead
- 1943 – Harlem riot, six dead
- 1935 – Harlem riot, three dead
- 1992 – Washington Heights riots, six dead and 15 injured
- 1991 – Crown Heights riot, two dead and 190 injured
- 1964 – Harlem riot, one dead, 118 injured
The following is a list of civil unrest in New York where no deaths occurred listed in ascending order by year, from earliest to latest. The number of injured is listed in cases where the number is known.
- 1834 – Anti-abolitionist riot
- 1837 – Flour Riots
- 1844 – Brooklyn riot
- 1857 – New York City Police Riot, 53 injured
- 1874 – Tompkins Square riot
- 1922 – Straw Hat Riot, unknown number injured in assaults, seven of the offending boys "spanked ignominiously" by order of the police lieutenant
- 1970 – Hard Hat Riot, more than 70 injured
- 1973 – Shooting of Clifford Glover, 24 injured
- 1977 – New York City Blackout riot
- 1988 – Tompkins Square Park riot, 38 injured
- Timeline of New York City
- List of incidents of civil unrest in the United States
- Lists of Incidents of unrest and violence in the United State by city
- List of riots (notable incidents of civil disorder worldwide)
- "Slave Revolt of 1712", Mapping the African American Past, Columbia University
- "A List of White Persons taken into Custody on Account of the 1741 Conspiracy", Africans in America, PBS, accessed 9 Apr 2009
- Bess Lovejoy. "The Gory New York City Riot that Shaped American Medicine". 2014.
- Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999). Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-195-11634-8.
- "Serious Disturbance Last Night—Outrageous Conduct of the Native Americans—The Military Called out". Brooklyn Eagle. April 5, 1844.
- Asbury, Herbert. The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the New York Underworld. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1928. (pg. 97-102) ISBN 1-56025-275-8
- Headley, J.T. (1873). The Great Riots of New York, 1712 to 1873, Including a Full and Complete Account of the Four Days' Draft Riot of 1863. New York: E.B. Treat. pp. 131–32. ISBN 9781605206547.
- Casualty counts vary by source. See *McPherson, James M. (1982), Ordeal By Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, p. 360, ISBN 978-0-394-52469-6.
- Gutman, Herbert G. "The Tompkins square 'Riot' in New York City on January 13, 1874: A re-examination of its causes and its aftermath". Labor History6:1 (1965) p. 45
- "Women in Bread Riot At Doors of City Hall. WIth Babies in Arms They Cry for Cheaper Food. Dispersed by Mounted Police. Police Fail to Break Rush. Mrs. Harris Makes Speech. Marie Ganz Arrested" (PDF). New York Times. February 21, 1917. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
- "Straw Hat Smashing Orgy Bares Heads from Battery to Bronx". New York Tribune. September 16, 1922. Page 3, column 3.
- Appiah, Anthony; Henry Louis Gates (2005). Africana: Civil Rights; An A-To-Z Reference of the Movement That Changed America. Running Press. ISBN 0-7624-1958-X.
- Brandt, Nat (1996). Harlem at War: The Black Experience in WWII. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-0462-4.
- Fred C. Shapiro and James W. Sullivan (1964). Race riots, New York, 1964. New York: Crowell.
- Clay Risen. "The Night New York Avoided a Riot". The Morning News.
- "Columbia’s Radicals of 1968 Hold a Bittersweet Reunion", NY Times, April 28, 2008
- National Park Service (2008). "Workforce Diversity: The Stonewall Inn, National Historic Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". US Department of Interior. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
- Bigart, "War Foes Here Attacked By Construction Workers", New York Times, May 9, 1970.
- "Clifford Glover: Instant Martyrdom". The Montreal Gazette. May 7, 1973. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- Gottlieb, Martin; Glanz, James (August 15, 2003). "The Blackouts of '65 and '77 Became Defining Moments in the City's History". New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- Wines, Michael (1988-08-10). "Class Struggle Erupts Along Avenue B". New York Times.
- "Beep Honor Peace Coalition: Crown Heights leaders reflect on 10-year milestone"[permanent dead link], New York Daily News, August 23, 2001.
- Dao, James (7 July 1992). "Angered by Police Killing, a Neighborhood Erupts". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- Shapiro, Julie. "Flatbush Riot: Vigil For Kimani Gray, 16-Year-Old Shot And Killed By NYPD Cops, Turns Violent (PHOTOS)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "Riots in Brooklyn after police fatally shoot teenager". Fox 8. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- Asbury, Herbert (1928). The Gangs of New York. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 169.
- Cliff, Nigel (2007) The Shakespeare Riots: Revenge, Drama, and Death in Nineteenth-Century America, New York: Random House. ISBN 0-345-48694-3
- "Abolition Riots 1834-1836". History Box. Retrieved 21 September 2016.